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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923178/diet-quality-and-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-community-dwelling-adults-50-years-and-older
#1
Jinhee Kim, Yunhwan Lee, Seunghee Kye, Yoon-Sok Chung, Jae-Hyun Kim, Doukyoung Chon, Kyung Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diet quality and osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO), low bone and muscle mass with concurrent high fat mass, in middle-aged and older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Data were from a cross-sectional study of 2579 men and 3550 women aged 50 years and older who completed the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey from 2008 to 2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Data were collected using 24-h dietary recall, and diet quality was determined by the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), on which higher scores denote better quality...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916544/muscle-deficits-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-contribute-to-inferior-cortical-bone-structure-and-trabecular-bone-mineral-density
#2
Joshua F Baker, Jin Long, Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Michele Denburg, Erik Jorgenson, Prerna Sharma, Babette S Zemel, Elena Taratuta, Said Ibrahim, Mary B Leonard
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with muscle loss, osteoporosis, and fracture. We examined associations between skeletal muscle mass, strength, and quality and trabecular and cortical bone deficits in patients with RA and healthy controls. METHODS: Participants, ages 18-75 years, completed whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) of the tibia to quantify appendicular lean mass and fat mass indices (ALMI, FMI), muscle density at the lower leg, trabecular bone density, and cortical bone thickness...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894789/impact-of-the-mk-vi-skinsuit-on-skin-microbiota-of-terrestrial-volunteers-and-an-international-space-station-bound-astronaut
#3
Richard A Stabler, Helena Rosado, Ronan Doyle, David Negus, Philip A Carvil, Juan G Kristjánsson, David A Green, Rafael Franco-Cendejas, Cadi Davies, Andreas Mogensen, Jonathan Scott, Peter W Taylor
Microgravity induces physiological deconditioning due to the absence of gravity loading, resulting in bone mineral density loss, atrophy of lower limb skeletal and postural muscles, and lengthening of the spine. SkinSuit is a lightweight compression suit designed to provide head-to-foot (axial) loading to counteract spinal elongation during spaceflight. As synthetic garments may impact negatively on the skin microbiome, we used 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene amplicon procedures to define bacterial skin communities at sebaceous and moist body sites of five healthy male volunteers undergoing SkinSuit evaluation...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856390/hypogonadal-men-with-higher-body-mass-index-have-higher-bone-density-and-better-bone-quality-but-reduced-muscle-density
#4
Lina E Aguirre, Georgia Colleluori, Richard Dorin, David Robbins, Rui Chen, Bryan Jiang, Clifford Qualls, Dennis T Villareal, Reina Armamento-Villareal
Although hypogonadism is a risk factor for bone loss and fractures, the different etiopathophysiology and hormonal profile of classical and obesity-induced hypogonadism may lead to differences in musculoskeletal profile. This is a cross-sectional study of hypogonadal men between 40 and 74 years old. Our outcomes include: areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; volumetric BMD (vBMD) and soft tissue composition of the tibia by peripheral quantitative computed tomography...
August 30, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854746/the-analysis-of-meat-and-bone-traits-of-plymouth-rock-cockerels-and-capons-p55-at-different-age
#5
Joanna Kuzniacka, Miroslaw Banaszak, Marek Adamski
The aim of the study was the comparison of Plymouth Rock cockerels and capons and the evaluation of the influence of their age on slaughter yield, meat quality, and bone traits. The studies were conducted on cockerels and capons from P55 strain (Plymouth Rock). At 16, 18, and 20 wk of rearing, a dissection of whole carcasses of cockerels and capons was conducted, and breast and leg muscles were evaluated in terms of the physical and chemical traits, as well as the chemical composition. Also, traits of femur and tibia bones were studied...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821868/dysmobility-syndrome-and-risk-of-mortality-for-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-older-adults-the-nexus-of-aging-and-body-composition
#6
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Kuo Liu, An-Chun Hwang, Li-Ning Peng, Ming-Hsien Lin, Liang-Kung Chen
Dysmobility syndrome is a newly proposed concept to comprehensively consider bone-muscle-adiposity as a whole to associate with mortality and other adverse outcomes in the older adults. Little was known in Asian populations since the body composition was highly related to ethnicity. The study aimed to evaluate the association between dysmobility syndrome and mortality and to explore the most optimal operational definition for dysmobility syndrome. The prevalence of dysmobility syndrome was 3.9-10.1% based on different operational definitions of adiposity and skeletal muscle index...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814665/fatty-acid-oxidation-by-the-osteoblast-is-required-for-normal-bone-acquisition-in-a-sex-and-diet-dependent-manner
#7
Soohyun P Kim, Zhu Li, Meredith L Zoch, Julie L Frey, Caitlyn E Bowman, Priyanka Kushwaha, Kathleen A Ryan, Brian C Goh, Susanna Scafidi, Julie E Pickett, Marie-Claude Faugere, Erin E Kershaw, Daniel L J Thorek, Thomas L Clemens, Michael J Wolfgang, Ryan C Riddle
Postnatal bone formation is influenced by nutritional status and compromised by disturbances in metabolism. The oxidation of dietary lipids represents a critical source of ATP for many cells but has been poorly studied in the skeleton, where the prevailing view is that glucose is the primary energy source. Here, we examined fatty acid uptake by bone and probed the requirement for fatty acid catabolism during bone formation by specifically disrupting the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (Cpt2), an obligate enzyme in fatty acid oxidation, in osteoblasts and osteocytes...
August 17, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792474/the-effects-of-selective-hematopoietic-expression-of-human-il-37-on-systemic-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-in-ldlr-deficient-mice
#8
Geerte Hoeke, P Padmini S J Khedoe, Janna A van Diepen, Karin Pike-Overzet, Britt van de Ven, Nadia Vazirpanah, Isabel Mol, Pieter S Hiemstra, Frank J T Staal, Rinke Stienstra, Mihai G Netea, Charles A Dinarello, Patrick C N Rensen, Jimmy F P Berbée
The human cytokine interleukin (IL)-37 has potent anti-inflammatory capacities, and hematopoietic cell-specific transgenic overexpression of IL-37 in mice protects against septic shock and colitis. In the present study we investigated the effect of hematopoietic expression of IL-37 on atherosclerosis development under low-grade inflammatory conditions. Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr)-deficient mice were lethally irradiated and transplanted with bone marrow from IL-37-transgenic or control wild-type mice and fed a Western-type diet (WTD; 1% cholesterol) for eight weeks...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766137/inhaled-glucocorticoids-are-associated-with-vertebral-fractures-in-copd-patients
#9
Pedro Assed Gonçalves, Rafael Dos Santos Neves, Leonardo Vieira Neto, Miguel Madeira, Fernando Silva Guimarães, Laura Maria Carvalho Mendonça, Agnaldo Jose Lopes, Maria Lucia Fleiuss Farias
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. Oral glucocorticoids are deleterious to bone; however, the impact of inhaled glucocorticoids (ICS) remains unclear. Our objective was to determine whether ICS contribute to osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Sixty-one COPD patients, 35 current users of ICS and 26 who had never received glucocorticoids, were evaluated for bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition and underwent vertebral fracture assessment (VFA)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763926/-analysis-of-association-between-appendicular-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-and-main-anthropometric-parameters-among-overweight-and-obese-adults-in-china
#10
Z H Wang, Y D Yang, S Wang, Y H Dong, X J Wang, J Ma
Objective: To investigate the associations between the appendicular skeletal muscle mass index and main anthropometric parameters, and to provide clues for preventing the reduction of skeletal muscle mass among overweight and obese adults in China. Methods: 1 488 volunteered participants who resided in Beijing longer than one year, between 22 and 55 years old, with self-report BMI ≥24 kg/m(2) were recruited from April to May 2014. 171 participants whose BMI ≤24 kg/m(2) or with organic diseases at the first physical examination were excluded, finally 1 317 overweight/obese participants (male and female were 507, and 810, respectively) were enrolled into the present study...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733344/effects-of-exercise-on-fitness-and-health-of-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jan W van der Scheer, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, David S Ditor, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey, Audrey L Hicks, Christopher R West, Dalton L Wolfe
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and appraise research testing the effects of exercise interventions on fitness, cardiometabolic health, and bone health among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched (1980-2016). Included studies employed exercise interventions for a period ≥2 weeks, involved adults with acute or chronic SCI, and measured fitness (cardiorespiratory fitness, power output, or muscle strength), cardiometabolic health (body composition or cardiovascular risk factors), or bone health outcomes...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729709/sex-based-differences-in-the-association-between-body-composition-and-incident-fracture-risk-in-koreans
#12
Jung Hee Kim, A Ram Hong, Hyung Jin Choi, Eu Jeong Ku, Nam H Cho, Chan Soo Shin
The relative contribution of lean mass and fat mass on bone health is inconclusive. We investigated the relative contributions of lean and fat masses on fragility fracture risk in Korean men and women. This was an ongoing prospective community-dwelling cohort study at Ansung beginning in 2001, which included 2,189 men and 2,625 women over 40 years old. Study subjects were classified into the following four groups according to lean mass (LM)/height(2) and percentage fat mass (PF). Clinical fragility fracture events were assessed at baseline and biennially using self-reported questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729308/the-effect-of-combined-resistance-exercise-training-and-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-health-and-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Anneka Elizabeth Antoniak, Carolyn A Greig
OBJECTIVES: In older adults, there is a blunted responsiveness to resistance training and reduced muscle hypertrophy compared with younger adults. There is evidence that both exercise training and vitamin D supplementation may benefit musculoskeletal health in older adults, and it is plausible that in combination their effects may be additive. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of combined resistance exercise training and vitamin D3 supplementation on musculoskeletal health in older adults...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696961/current-body-composition-measurement-techniques
#15
Thaisa Lemos, Dympna Gallagher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews the most innovative and precise, available methods for quantification of in-vivo human body composition. RECENT FINDINGS: Body composition measurement methods are continuously being perfected. Ongoing efforts involve multisegmental and multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, quantitative magnetic resonance for total body water, fat, and lean tissue measurements, imaging to further define ectopic fat depots...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682886/exercise-overcome-adverse-effects-among-prostate-cancer-patients-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-an-update-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Gao Yunfeng, He Weiyang, He Xueyang, Huang Yilong, Gou Xin
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) patients initiating androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are suffering from adverse effects; exercise has been proposed as a treatment to relieve adverse effects of ADT, available meta-analysis has proved exercise improves quality of life, and therapy caused fatigue; recently, some high-quality trials have been conducted in order to get more assessment; we conduct an updated meta-analysis to evaluate feasibility that exercise relieves adverse effects in PCa patients initiating ADT...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668364/-health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70%C3%A2-or-over-a-systematic-review
#17
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
CONTEXT: Seniors represent the population where sedentary is the highest. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the exact health benefits of regular aerobic training (AT) in seniors aged 70 years or older. DOCUMENTARY SOURCE: Systematic review in CINAHL Plus, Embase, Medline, PubMed Central, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Sport Discus and Web of Science with a keyword search. SELECTION OF STUDIES: Two independent readers have selected randomized controlled and quasi-controlled studies and observational cohort studies published in English...
June 28, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656107/the-cooccurrence-of-obesity-osteoporosis-and-sarcopenia-in-the-ovariectomized-rat-a-study-for-modeling-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-rodents
#18
Zahra Ezzat-Zadeh, Jeong-Su Kim, P Bryant Chase, Bahram H Arjmandi
BACKGROUND: Obesity, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia may individually occur due to age-related gradual alterations in body composition. This study investigates the cooccurrence of these age-related diseases in female animals with low levels of ovarian hormone in the absence of complex multifactorial process of chronological aging. METHODS: Thirty-six 5- and 10-month-old female rats were chosen to model pre- and postmenopausal women, respectively. Rats were divided into three treatment groups in each age category-sham, ovariectomized (ovx), and ovx + E2 (17β-estradiol, 10 μg/kg)-and were pair-fed...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#19
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606422/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Tarcisio Santana Gomes, Danilo Takashi Aoike, Flavia Baria, Fabiana G Graciolli, Rosa M A Moyses, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on markers of bone metabolism in overweight and obese nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This is a post-hoc study with 39 sedentary patients (55.5 ± 8.3 years, body mass index 31.2 ± 4.4 kg/m(2), estimated glomerular filtration rate 26.9 ± 11.7 mL/minute) who were randomly assigned to the aerobic exercise group (n = 24) or the control group (n = 15)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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