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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330572/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-muscle-strength-bone-mineral-content-and-density-and-balance-and-body-composition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
M B Saquetto, F F Pereira, R S Queiroz, C M da Silva, C S Conceição, M Gomes Neto
The aim of this study is to verify the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on the muscle strength of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED databases and included manual searches to identify randomised controlled trials to investigate the effects of WBV on the structure and body function of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed statistical analysis. In total, five studies with 171 patients that compared WBV with exercise and/or control were included...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320446/physical-activity-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-nutrition-are-associated-with-bone-status-in-university-students
#2
Gotzone Hervás, Fátima Ruiz-Litago, Jon Irazusta, Ainhoa Fernández-Atutxa, Ana Belen Fraile-Bermúdez, Idoia Zarrazquin
Understanding the modifiable factors that improve and maximize peak bone mass at an early age is necessary to design more effective intervention programs to prevent osteoporosis. To identify these modifiable factors, we analyzed the relationship of physical activity (PA), physical fitness, body composition, and dietary intake with bone stiffness index (SI), measured by quantitative ultrasonometry in young university students (18-21 years). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was the strongest predictor of SI (β = 0...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295499/long-term-administration-of-queen-bee-acid-qba-to-rodents-reduces-anxiety-like-behavior-promotes-neuronal-health-and-improves-body-composition
#3
Michael J Weiser, Vivian Grimshaw, Kelly M Wynalda, M Hasan Mohajeri, Christopher M Butt
BACKGROUND: Queen bee acid (QBA; 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid) is the predominant fatty acid in royal jelly (RJ) and has activity at estrogen receptors, which affect brain function and body composition. However, few, long-term studies have assessed QBA effects in brain health and body composition. METHODS: Primary hippocampal neurons were treated with QBA (0-30 µM) and challenged with glutamate or hypoxia. QBA was fed to aged, male Sprague-Dawley rats (12-24 mg/kg/day) and to adult male and female Balb/C mice (30-60 mg/kg/day) for ≥3...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277040/associations-of-components-of-sarcopenic-obesity-with-bone-health-and-balance-in-older-adults
#4
David Scott, Catherine Shore-Lorenti, Lachlan McMillan, Jakub Mesinovic, Ross A Clark, Alan Hayes, Kerrie M Sanders, Gustavo Duque, Peter R Ebeling
OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics of sarcopenic obesity that are independently associated with bone health and balance in older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 168 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 67.7 ± 8.4 years; 55% women). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Appendicular lean mass (ALM), whole-body areal BMD (aBMD) and body fat percentage were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography assessed muscle density and cortical volumetric BMD (vBMD), area, thickness, and strength-strain index (SSI) at 66% tibial length...
December 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259963/comparison-of-bone-mineral-density-and-appendicular-lean-body-mass-between-osteoporotic-distal-radius-fracture-and-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tear-in-women-patients
#5
Jun-Ku Lee, Byung-Ho Yoon, Kyunghun Jung, Gotak Kim, Soo-Hong Han
Background: Authors assessed lean body mass (fat free tissue), upper and lower, and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients of osteoporotic bone distal radius fracture (DRF) and degenerative rotator cuff tear (RCT) patients of shoulder. We predict inferior muscle mass and osteoporosis are more frequent in DRF group than RCT group. Methods: Between January 2016 and June 2017, overall 38 of DRF and 30 of RCT were eligible for this retrospective comparison study after excluding of patients with compounding factors...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231963/body-composition-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-diagnosed-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-focus-on-sarcopenic-obesity
#6
Christopher J C Marriott, Lesley F Beaumont, Troy H Farncombe, Amy N Cranston, Uma H Athale, Valerie N Yakemchuk, Colin E Webber, Ronald D Barr
BACKGROUND: The late effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include disordered body composition, especially obesity. Less attention has been focused on the loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and the combined morbidity of sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of body composition was undertaken via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 75 long-term survivors of ALL (more than 10 years after the diagnosis). Measures were obtained of the fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (equivalent to the lean body mass [LBM]), and whole-body bone mineral content...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204825/stem-cell-microenvironments-and-beyond
#7
Alexander Birbrair
Endogenous stem cells are indispensable to keep tissue homeostasis due to their unique ability to generate more specialized cell types in an organized way depending on the body needs. Precise control over stem cell differentiation is essential for organogenesis and tissue homeostasis. Stem cells reside in specialized microenvironments, also called niches, which maintain them in an undifferentiated and self-renewing state. The cellular and molecular mechanisms of stem cell maintenance are key to the regulation of homeostasis and likely contribute to several disorders when altered during adulthood...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189197/hr-pqct-detects-alterations-in-bone-microstructure-in-men-with-ckd-stages-3-and-4-which-are-influenced-by-hormonal-changes-and-body-composition%C3%A2
#8
Francisco P Paranhos-Neto, Guilherme A C Lima, Luciana C Silva, Miguel Madeira, Leonardo Vieira Neto, Laura M C Mendonça, Inayá C B Lima, Alvimar G Delgado, Maurilo Leite, Carlos P Gomes, Maria Lucia F Farias
INTRODUCTION: Factors associated with osteodystrophy in predialysis patients are poorly understood. In the present study, we attempted to evaluate the impact of body composition and hormonal regulatory factors on the bone microstructure in a group of men with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 and 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 46 men, aged 50 - 75 years, with previously unrecognized CKD were evaluated by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184538/circulating-irisin-is-reduced-in-male-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-myotonic-dystrophies
#9
Elena Dozio, Elena Passeri, Rosanna Cardani, Stefano Benedini, Carmen Aresta, Rea Valaperta, Massimiliano Corsi Romanelli, Giovanni Meola, Valeria Sansone, Sabrina Corbetta
Context: Myotonic dystrophies (DM) are dominantly inherited muscle disorders characterized by myotonia, muscle weakness, and wasting. The reasons for sarcopenia in DMs are uncleared and multiple factors are involved. Irisin, a positive hormone regulator of muscle growth and bone, may play a role. Objectives: To investigate (1) circulating irisin in a series of DM1 and DM2 male patients compared with healthy controls and (2) the relationships between irisin and anthropometric, metabolic and hormonal parameters...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150103/body-composition-of-fanconi-anemia-patients-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Priscilla Peixoto Policarpo da Silva, Daniella Schmit, Carmem Bonfim, Denise Johnsson Campos, Estela Iraci Rabito, Regina Maria Vilela
INTRODUCTION: Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic disease linked to bone marrow failure; a possible treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Changes in the nutritional status of Fanconi anemia patients are not very well known. This study aimed to characterize body composition of adult, children and adolescent patients with Fanconi anemia who were submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or not. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 63 patients (29 adults and 34 children and adolescents)...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125017/the-effects-of-resistance-training-volume-on-osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-older-women
#11
Paolo M Cunha, Alex S Ribeiro, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Brad J Schoenfeld, Analiza M Silva, Mariana F Souza, Matheus A Nascimento, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) performed with 1 or 3 sets per exercise on osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) syndrome parameters in older women. Sixty-two older women (68.0 ± 4.3 years, 26.8 ± 4.4 kg/m2) participated in a 12-week RT program. Participants were randomly assigned into one of the three groups: two training groups that performed either 1 set (G1S, n = 21) or 3 sets (G3S, n = 20) 3 times weekly, or a control group (CG, n = 21). Body composition was assessed by dual X-ray absorptiometry, strength was evaluated by 1 repetition maximum testing...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121215/trabecular-bone-morphology-correlates-with-skeletal-maturity-and-body-composition-in-healthy-adolescent-girls
#12
Deborah M Mitchell, Signe Caksa, Amy Yuan, Mary L Bouxsein, Madhusmita Misra, Sherri-Ann M Burnett-Bowie
Context: Growth in healthy children is associated with changes in bone density and microarchitecture. Trabecular morphology is an additional important determinant of bone strength, but little is currently known about trabecular morphology in healthy young people. Objective: To investigate associations of trabecular morphology with increasing maturity and with body composition in healthy girls. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic research center...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112600/low-bone-mineral-density-in-middle-aged-women-a-red-flag-for-sarcopenia
#13
Italo Campodónico, Juan E Blümel, Eugenio Arteaga, María S Vallejo, María I Valdivia
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether low bone density, a condition related to aging, is associated with low muscle mass, a surrogate for sarcopenia, and whether it could be used as a marker of the condition. METHODS: We studied 483 women aged 35 to 69 years old who appeared healthy and attended a preventive gynecological examination. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure bone mineral density (BMD) and regional body composition. BMD was assessed using the T-score...
November 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106028/association-of-high-anti-cyclic-citrullinated-peptide-seropositivity-and%C3%A2-lean-mass-index-with-low-bone-mineral-density-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Katherine D Wysham, Dolores M Shoback, John B Imboden, Patricia P Katz
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporotic fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have twice the risk of osteoporosis-related fracture than age-matched controls, the causes for which remain unknown. We investigated contributions of RA characteristics, medication use, and body composition to low bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with RA. METHODS: Data were from the Arthritis, Body Composition, and Disability Study (n=138; 82 women, 56 men)...
November 5, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096403/impact-of-lean-mass-and-bone-density-on-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimation-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#15
Corinne Isnard Bagnis, Laurence Pieroni, Rachida Inaoui, Philippe Maksud, Stéphanie Lallauret, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Roland Tubiana, Christine Katlama, Gilbert Deray, Marie Courbebaisse, Jérôme Tourret, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel
CONTEXT: Chronic kidney disease is a frequent complication in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Although previous studies have suggested that the CKD-EPI formula is appropriate to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in HIV-positive adults with normal kidney function, the optimal way to estimate GFR in those with Stage 3 chronic kidney disease is not known. Moreover, the impact of muscle mass on creatinine level and GFR estimation is unknown. AIM AND METHODS: Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of different diagnostic tests available compared to the gold standard measurement of GFR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073905/therapeutic-application-of-t-regulatory-cells-in-composite-tissue-allotransplantation
#16
REVIEW
Jeong-Hee Yang, Seok-Chan Eun
With growing number of cases in recent years, composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) has been improving the quality of life of patient who seeks reconstruction and repair of damaged tissues. Composite tissue allografts are heterogeneous. They are composed of a variety of tissue types, including skin, muscle, vessel, bone, bone marrow, lymph nodes, nerve, and tendon. As a primary target of CTA, skin has high antigenicity with a rich repertoire of resident cells that play pivotal roles in immune surveillance...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071969/-effect-of-acupuncture-therapy-on-body-compositions-in-patients-with-obesity
#17
Hui-Min Zhang, Xue-Liang Wu, Chao Jiang, Rong-Xing Shi
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture intervention in weight reduction by modulating body compositions in obesity patients. METHODS: A total of 71 obesity patients during weight-loss procedure were allocated to acupuncture+nutrition-consultation group (n=40) and simple nutrition-consultation group (n=31). The patients of the acupuncture +nutrition-consultation group were treated by acupuncture stimulation of Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Tianshu (ST 25), Wailing (ST 26), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), etc...
April 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063481/body-composition-determinants-of-radiation-dose-during-abdominopelvic-ct
#18
Patrick D McLaughlin, Liam Chawke, Maria Twomey, Kevin P Murphy, Siobhán B O'Neill, Sebastian R McWilliams, Karl James, Richard G Kavanagh, Charles Sullivan, Faimee E Chan, Niamh Moore, Owen J O'Connor, Joseph A Eustace, Michael M Maher
OBJECTIVES: We designed a prospective study to investigate the in-vivo relationship between abdominal body composition and radiation exposure to determine the strongest body composition predictor of dose length product (DLP) at CT. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, quantitative analysis was performed prospectively on 239 consecutive patients who underwent abdominopelvic CT. DLP, BMI, volumes of abdominal adipose tissue, muscle, bone and solid organs were recorded...
October 23, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044004/research-on-the-influence-of-bilateral-oophorectomy-on-the-bmd-body-components-and-sex-hormone-of-women-during-the-perimenopause
#19
HaiLi Wang, Chuchu Wang, Lei Sun, Shiyuan Zhou, Fengyu Wang
To investigate the effect of bilateral oophorectomy on bone mineral density, body composition and sex hormone of peri-menopause women. 33 cases of peri-menopause women patients performed bilateral oophorectomy were chosen from xxx gynaecology and obstetrics department of xxx hospital from January 1st,2014 to Dec31th, 2014. And the 33 cases were taken as ovariectomy group. 35 women who were the naturally postmenopausal after menopause collected in clinic and in the same period with the patients of ovariectomy group were taken in control group...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039296/effect-of-human-milk-formula-with-bovine-colostrum-supplementation-on-bone-mineral-density-in-infant-cynomolgus-macaques
#20
N Tay, Y C Tan, K Chng, C Libedinsky, P Gluckman, J P Buschdorf
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is a regulator of human growth during infancy and childhood, known to promote bone and muscle growth as well as lipid accumulation. This study aimed to investigate the effects of formula milk with or without IGF1 supplementation (in the form of pure IGF1 or bovine colostrum) on growth and body composition in infant cynomolgus macaques during the first 6 months of life. Three groups of infants were nursery-reared and received formula milk with or without IGF1 or bovine colostrum supplementation for 4 months, and a fourth group consisting of breast-fed infants was included for comparison (n=6 for each group)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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