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bleeding tendency

Souheil El-Chemaly, Kevin J O'Brien, Steven D Nathan, Gerald L Weinhouse, Hilary J Goldberg, Jean M Connors, Ye Cui, Todd L Astor, Philip C Camp, Ivan O Rosas, Merte Lemma, Vladislav Speransky, Melissa A Merideth, William A Gahl, Bernadette R Gochuico
Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive, fatal manifestation of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). Some patients with advanced HPS pulmonary fibrosis undergo lung transplantation despite their disease-associated bleeding tendency; others die while awaiting donor organs. The objective of this study is to determine the clinical management and outcomes of a cohort with advanced HPS pulmonary fibrosis who were evaluated for lung transplantation. Six patients with HPS-1 pulmonary fibrosis were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and one of two regional lung transplant centers...
2018: PloS One
Young-Jin Moon, Sung-Hoon Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Yoon-Kyung Lee, In-Gu Jun, Gyu-Sam Hwang
Donor safety is the major concern in living donor liver transplantation, although hepatic resection may be associated with postoperative coagulopathy. Recently, the use of sugammadex has been gradually increased, but sugammadex is known to prolong prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). We compared the postoperative coagulation profiles and outcomes of sugammadex versus pyridostigmine group in donors receiving living donor hepatectomy.Consecutive donor hepatectomy performed between September 2013 and August 2016 was retrospectively analyzed...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joshua D Brown, Amie J Goodin, Gregory Y H Lip, Val R Adams
BACKGROUND: The Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding, Labile International Normalized Ratio (INR), Elderly, Drugs or alcohol use (HAS-BLED) score has strong predictive validity for major bleeding complications, but limited validation has been conducted in venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study evaluates the HAS-BLED score in a large cohort of VTE patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort of adults ≥18 years with primary diagnosis of VTE between January 1, 2010 and November 31, 2013 were identified in an insurance claims database...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Zhuo-Qiong Li, Ze-Yu Cao, Liang Cao, Zhi-Peng Ke, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao
The left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was made by inserting the nylon thread plug into the internal carotid artery. The behavioral score, cerebral infarction area, brain water content, ethidium bromide (EB) spillover, coagulation four indices, occludin and MMP-9 expression in brain tissues were detected after 14 days of administration, to investigate whether the protective effect of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDLMI) which had obvious protective effect on cerebral ischemic injury in the previous experiment was related to reducing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and reducing the risk of bleeding, and to explore its possible mechanism of action...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Sanghun Lee, Nam Kyung Je
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation not being adequately treated with oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy, with therapy underutilization or premature termination, have been commonly reported. However, studies on the utilization pattern of OAC therapy for patients with atrial flutter (AFL) are few. The aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of OAC therapy, and its influencing factors for patients with AFL in South Korea, as well as the types and percentages of anticoagulants used...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Anita Árokszállási, Katalin Rázsó, Péter Ilonczai, Zsolt Oláh, Zsuzsanna Bereczky, Zoltán Boda, Ágota Schlammadinger
: In acquired haemophilia A (AHA), risk for recurrent bleeding exists until the inhibitor is detectable. Thus, patients with persisting inhibitor may benefit from prophylaxis with activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC). Potential thromboembolic complications and cost are also factors to consider. Today, no high level evidence or clear recommendations are available on aPCC prophylaxis in AHA. Recently, a small prospective study demonstrated a favourable outcome with short-term, daily administered aPCC infusion...
February 22, 2018: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Rolando Vásquez Alva, Víctor Yuri Ramos Cabrera, Alejandro Yabar Berrocal
A 23-year old male patient with no history of importance was admitted to Emergency because of dark red stools, tendency to lethargy and hypotension, with significant anemia proceeding to perform on blood transfusion, upper endoscopy, abdominal angiotomography and arteriography with clinical diagnosis of Dieulafoy lesion motivated exploratory laparotomy finding injury vascular, the jejunum with active bleeding. The management of severe gastrointestinal bleeding with hemodynamic compromise and uncommon cause of arteriovenous malformation in the jejunum is discussed...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Mitsunori Higuchi, Hironori Takagi, Yuki Ozaki, Takuya Inoue, Yuzuru Watanabe, Takumi Yamaura, Mitsuro Fukuhara, Satoshi Muto, Naoyuki Okabe, Yuki Matsumura, Takeo Hasegawa, Jun Osugi, Mika Hoshino, Yutaka Shio, Hiroyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: According to previous reports, lobectomy with bronchoplasty or angioplasty is a more feasible surgery than pneumonectomy for central-type non-small cell lung cancer. However, few studies have compared both the short- and long-term outcomes between pneumonectomy and pulmonary function-preserving surgery. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2015, 18 patients underwent pneumonectomy (Group PN) and 12 patients underwent pulmonary function-preserving surgery (group PS) at Fukushima Medical University Hospital...
February 20, 2018: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
Wataru Fujimoto, Takahiro Sawada, Takayoshi Toba, Yu Takahashi, Taishi Miyata, Shogo Oishi, Tsuyoshi Osue, Tetsuari Onishi, Tomofumi Takaya, Akira Shimane, Yasuyo Taniguchi, Hiroya Kawai, Yoshinori Yasaka
BACKGROUND: The use of short-duration dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) remains controversial. To investigate efficacy and safety of short-duration DAPT, we performed a detailed comparison of intra-stent conditions by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after second-generation drug-eluting stent implantation with short-term and standard DAPT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-two consecutive patients with stable angina pectoris who received Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stents (R-ZESs; Medtronic Cardiovascular, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) were enrolled...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Azeem Tariq Malik, Nada Qaisar Qureshi, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Umar Rabbani, Arif Ali, Shahryar Noordin
INTRODUCTION: Together with evidence of higher bleeding tendencies, the vulnerability of the South Asian population to anemia secondary to a higher prevalence of hemoglobinopathies and micronutrient deficiencies merits further exploration of the effects of tranexamic acid on this population. Additionally, limited access to self-care facilities and certain sociocultural beliefs and practices may not be conducive to a speedy recovery from surgical complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intraoperative administration of tranexamic acid during total knee arthroplasty when considering the South Asian population...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Ruth María Sánchez Soriano, María Dolores Albero Molina, Carlos Israel Chamorro Fernández, Rocío Juliá-Sanchís, Ramón López Menchero, Carlos Del Pozo Fernández, Guillermo Grau Jornet, Julio Núñez Villota
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence for the efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulation with dicumarines in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on hemodialysis is controversial. The aim of our study is to evaluate the long-term prognostic implications of anticoagulation with dicumarines in a cohort of patients with non-valvular AF on a hemodialysis program due to end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study with consecutive inclusion of 74 patients with AF on hemodialysis...
February 6, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Pooja Kadam, Jerrick Lim, Ian Paver, David E Connor, Kurosh Parsi
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the pathogenesis of telangiectatic matting (TM) and identify possible risk factors. METHODS: This study had two parts. The clinical records of consecutive patients were retrospectively analysed to identify risk factors for TM. In the second part, the haemostatic and coagulation profile of the subset of patients with TM were analysed and compared with controls using standard coagulation tests, platelet function and a global assay of coagulation (rotational thromboelastometry, ROTEM)...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Sarina Levy-Mendelovich, Assaf Arie Barg, Nurit Rosenberg, Einat Avishai, Jacob Luboshitz, Mudi Misgav, Gili Kenet, Tami Livnat
INTRODUCTION: Congenital factor V deficiency (FVD) is a rare bleeding disorder with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1000,000 in the general population. Since the common coagulation tests do not correlate with the bleeding tendency there is an unmet need to predict FVD patients' bleeding hazard prior to surgical interventions. AIM: To optimize treatment prior to surgical interventions, using global coagulation assays, thrombin generation (TG) and rotating thromboelastogram (ROTEM)...
February 2, 2018: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
A Kohga, A Kawabe, T Okumura, K Yamashita, J Isogaki, K Suzuki
PURPOSE: The feasibility and potential advantages of laparoscopic diagnosis and repair of incarcerated obturator hernia (OH) is debated. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare short-term complications comparing laparoscopic to open repair of OH. METHODS: A total of 29 preoperatively diagnosed patients underwent surgery for a preoperatively diagnosed OH between January 2006 and July 2017. The patients were divided into a laparoscopic group (11 patients underwent laparoscopic repair; 8 without and 3 with intestinal resection) and an open group (18 patients who underwent open repair; 9 without and 9 with intestinal resection)...
February 1, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
J Gebhart, S Hofer, S Panzer, P Quehenberger, R Sunder-Plassmann, G Hoermann, E Eigenbauer, H Haslacher, S Kepa, P A Kyrle, S Eichinger, P Knöbl, L Eischer, C Mannhalter, C Ay, I Pabinger
INTRODUCTION: Data on clinical characteristics and the prevalence of underlying coagulopathies in patients with mild-to-moderate bleeding disorders (MBDs) are scarce. AIM: We established the Vienna Bleeding Biobank (VIBB) to characterize and thoroughly investigate Austrian patients with MBDs. RESULTS: Four hundred eighteen patients (female = 345, 82.5%) were included. A platelet function defect (PFD) was diagnosed in 26 (6.2%) and a possible PFD in 30 (7...
February 1, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Aarti Gogia, Meera Sikka, Satender Sharma, Usha Rusia
Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic plasma cell disorder characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Diverse hemostatic abnormalities have been reported in patients with myeloma which predispose to bleeding and also thrombosis. Methods: Complete blood count, biochemical parameters and parameters of hemostasis i.e. platelet count, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), factor VIII assay results, plasma fibrinogen, D-dimer and lupus anticoagulant, were assessed in 29 MM patients and 30 age matched controls...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Anne Morice, Annie Harroche, Pascale Cairet, Roman H Khonsari
PURPOSE: Patients with Noonan syndrome often require surgery at young ages. They are at high risk of perioperative bleeding from coagulation defects that might not have been detected by routine screening. These risks are rarely described in the oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perioperative bleeding risks associated with Noonan syndrome and to propose preoperative guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report describes a retrospective case series of patients with Noonan syndrome who underwent OMS procedures during a continuous observational period (2013 through 2016) in the authors' center...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Rossella E Nappi, Iñaki Lete, Lulu K Lee, Natalia M Flores, Marie-Christine Micheletti, Boxiong Tang
BACKGROUND: The real-world experience of women receiving extended-cycle combined oral contraception (COC) versus monthly-cycle COC has not been reported. METHODS: Data were from the United States 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey. Eligible women (18-50 years old, premenopausal, without hysterectomy) currently using extended-cycle COC (3 months between periods) were compared with women using monthly-cycle COC. Treatment satisfaction (1 "extremely dissatisfied" to 7 "extremely satisfied"), adherence (8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale©), menstrual cycle-related symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and health state utilities (Medical Outcomes Short Form Survey-36v2®), depression (9-item Patient Health Questionnaire), sleep difficulties, Work Productivity and Activity Impairment-General Health, and healthcare resource use were assessed using one-way analyses of variance, chi-square tests, and generalized linear models (adjusted for covariates)...
January 18, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Ivar van Asten, Roger E G Schutgens, Marije Baaij, Judith Zandstra, Mark Roest, Gerard Pasterkamp, Albert Huisman, Suzanne J A Korporaal, Rolf T Urbanus
BACKGROUND: Light transmission aggregometry (LTA) is the most commonly used test for the diagnosis of platelet function disorders (PFDs), but has moderate sensitivity for mild PFDs. Flow cytometry has been recommended for additional diagnostics of PFDs but is not yet standardized as a diagnostic test. We developed a standardized protocol for flow cytometric analysis of platelet function that measures fibrinogen binding and P-selectin expression as platelet activation markers in response to agonist stimulation...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Neeti Makhija, Rohan Magoon, Minati Choudhury, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan
Cyanotic congenital heart disease presents an increased tendency to bleed in view of subtle coagulation defects. Airway bleeding can be particularly difficult to manage while maintaining an adequate ventilation. An isolated lung bleed with the exclusion of possible traumatic, medical and surgical causes of bleeding, should alert the attending anesthesiologist to the possibility of the collateral-related bleeding. Preoperative coil embolization remains an important initial management step in a case of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with major aortopulmonary collaterals...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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