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Ultrassonografia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767771/parapneumonic-pleural-effusion-early-versus-late-thoracoscopy
#1
Rodrigo Romualdo Pereira, Cristina Gonçalves Alvim, Cláudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina
Objective: To evaluate the best time to perform thoracoscopy for the treatment of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion in the fibrinopurulent phase in patients ≤ 14 years of age, regarding the postoperative evolution and occurrence of complications. Methods: This was a retrospective comparative study involving patients with parapneumonic pleural effusion presenting with septations or loculations on chest ultrasound who underwent thoracoscopy between January of 2000 and January of 2013...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746591/the-therapeutic-challenge-of-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-repport
#2
Paulo Kauffman, Antonio Luiz de Vasconcellos Macedo, Roberto Sacilotto, Adriano Tachibana, Sergio Kuzniec, Lucas Lembrança Pinheiro, Nelson Wolosker
Giant splenic artery aneurysm is a rare condition that represents an eminent life threatening for the patient, requiring, therefore, urgent surgical correction. A 61-year-old woman, former smoker, hypertensive, hypercholesterolemic and multipara sought our service because of a large tumor in the mesogastrium, which was an abdominal ultrasound finding. Despite the size of the tumor, the patient was asymptomatic. The angiotomography and the magnetic resonance image of the abdomen were suggestive of giant splenic artery aneurysm with more than 10cm in diameter that was confirmed by an angiography...
July 24, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614428/intrapancreatic-accessory-spleen
#3
Marcelo Protásio Dos Santos, Aline Pacheco de Rezende, Paulo Vicente Dos Santos, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Fernando Bray Beraldo, Adriano Pereira Sampaio
An asymptomatic 79-year-old woman, with incidental finding on abdominal ultrasound of a solid nodule in the tail of the pancreas. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 12mm solid tumor. The suggested diagnosis was pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. The pathological examination showed an intrapancreatic splenic tissue. This is a rare ectopic location of spleen tissue and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumors. RESUMO Mulher de 79 anos, com achado incidental em ultrassonografia de abdome de lesão sólida em cauda de pâncreas...
June 12, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444064/assessment-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-as-an-early-marker-of-vascular-damage-in-hypertensive-children
#4
Liz Andréa Villela Baroncini, Lucimary de Castro Sylvestre, Camila Varotto Baroncini, Roberto Pecoits
Background: The increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) correlates with the presence of atherosclerosis in adults and describes vascular abnormalities in both hypertensive children and adolescents. Objective: To assess CIMT as an early marker of atherosclerosis and vascular damage in hypertensive children and adolescents compared with non-hypertensive controls and to evaluate the influence of gender, age, and body mass index (BMI) on CIMT on each group. Methods: Observational cohort study...
May 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076607/vascular-access-the-impact-of-ultrasonography
#5
REVIEW
Carlos Eduardo Saldanha de Almeida
Vascular punctures are often necessary in critically ill patients. They are secure, but not free of complications. Ultrasonography enhances safety of the procedure by decreasing puncture attempts, complications and costs. This study reviews important publications and the puncture technique using ultrasound, bringing part of the experience of the intensive care unit of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, and discussing issues that should be considered in future studies. RESUMO Punções vasculares são muitas vezes necessárias em pacientes gravemente enfermos...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076482/correlation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-in-the-preoperative-assessment-for-bariatric-surgery
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernando de Barros, Sergio Setúbal, José Manoel Martinho, Loraine Ferraz, Andressa Gaudêncio
Background: Obesity is an epidemic and chronic disease that can bring other comorbidities to the patient. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 90% of these patients and can progress to hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship of this liver disease and obesity is already well known; however, it is possible that some parameters of the comorbidities are more related than others in the pathophysiology of the disease. Aim: Was analyzed the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the comorbidities of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982159/comparative-study-between-perfusion-changes-and-positive-findings-on-coronary-flow-reserve
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Costantino Roberto Frack Costantini, Jose Antonio Ramires, Costantino Ortiz Costantini, Marcos Antonio Denk, Sergio Gustavo Tarbine, Marcelo de Freitas Santos, Daniel Aníbal Zanuttini, Carmen Weigert Silveira, Admar Moraes de Souza, Rafael Michel de Macedo
BACKGROUND: Functional assessment of coronary artery obstruction is used in cardiology practice to correlate anatomic obstructions with flow decrease. Among such assessments, the study of the coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become the most widely used. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between FFR and findings of ischemia obtained by noninvasive methods including stress echocardiography and nuclear medicine and the presence of critical coronary artery obstruction...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759836/advances-in-lung-ultrasound
#8
Miguel José Francisco, Antonio Rahal, Fabio Augusto Cardillo Vieira, Paulo Savoia Dias da Silva, Marcelo Buarque de Gusmão Funari
Ultrasound examination of the chest has advanced in recent decades. This imaging modality is currently used to diagnose several pathological conditions and provides qualitative and quantitative information. Acoustic barriers represented by the aerated lungs and the bony framework of the chest generate well-described sonographic artifacts that can be used as diagnostic aids. The normal pleural line and A, B, C, E and Z lines (also known as false B lines) are artifacts with specific characteristics. Lung consolidation and pneumothorax sonographic patterns are also well established...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759834/application-of-botulinum-toxin-to-treat-sialorrhea-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Ademar Francisco de Oliveira, Gêssyca Adryene de Menezes Silva, Débora Milenna Xavier Almeida
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the central nervous system cells that control voluntary muscle movements. The excessive salivation (sialorrhea) is present in approximately 50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Thus, some alternative therapeutic methods are sought, such as anticholinergic drugs and surgery. Recently the use of botulinum toxin applied at a midpoint of the salivary glands, often guided by ultrasound, have demonstrated positive results...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759826/multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-prostatic-pure-leiomyomas
#10
Thais Caldara Mussi, Yves Bohrer Costa, Marcos Takeo Obara, Marcos Roberto Gomes de Queiroz, Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia, José Antonio Domingos Cianciarulo Longo, Gustavo Caserta Lemos, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
Objective: To describe the imaging findings of prostatic tumors nonadenocarcinoma on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A total of 200 patients underwented multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate for screening for prostate cancer, from August 2013 to September 2014, followed by biopsy with ultrasound/magnetic resonance imaging fusion. Results: We found three pathologic proved cases of prostatic pure leiomyomas (0...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462883/correlation-of-thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-ti-rads-and-fine-needle-aspiration-experience-in-1-000-nodules
#11
Antonio Rahal, Priscila Mina Falsarella, Rafael Dahmer Rocha, João Paulo Bacellar Costa Lima, Matheus Jorge Iani, Fábio Augusto Cardillo Vieira, Marcos Roberto Gomes de Queiroz, Jairo Tabacow Hidal, Miguel José Francisco, Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia, Marcelo Buarque de Gusmão Funari
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) and the Bethesda system in reporting cytopathology in 1,000 thyroid nodules. METHODS: A retrospective study conducted from November 2011 to February 2014 that evaluated 1,000 thyroid nodules of 906 patients who underwent ultrasound exam and fine needle aspiration. RESULTS: A significant association was found between the TI-RADS outcome and Bethesda classification (p<0...
April 2016: Einstein
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