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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775714/novel-bletilla-striata-polysaccharide-microneedles-fabrication-characterization-and-in-vitro-transcutaneous-drug-delivery
#1
Lingli Hu, Zhencheng Liao, Qiqi Hu, Katherine G Maffucci, Yan Qu
Dissolving microneedles (MNs) have been widely studied for their applications in effective transdermal drug delivery due to their ability to dissolve within the skin. This study details the first reported successful preparation of novel dissolving MNs using Bletilla striata polysaccharide (BSP), a natural glucomannan material, and investigates the potential for using such MNs as a transdermal drug delivery vector. The prepared dissolving Bletilla striata polysaccharide microneedles (BMNs) had excellent moldability and were easily detached from the mold...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775655/confocal-raman-microspectroscopy-as-an-alternative-to-differential-scanning-calorimetry-to-detect-the-impact-of-emulsifiers-and-formulations-on-stratum-corneum-lipid-conformation
#2
Ziwei Zhang, Dominique Jasmin Lunter
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of emulsifiers and formulations on stratum corneum (SC) lipid conformation and evaluate confocal Raman microspectroscopy (CRM) as an alternative method to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in this research context. To this end, four different formulations were used: three conventional creams that contained ionic and/or non-ionic emulsifiers and one surfactants-free emulsion stabilized by a polymeric emulsifier. Additionally, all emulsifiers were tested in aqueous solutions/dispersions in the respective concentrations as present in the formulations...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774634/study-of-hyperpigmentation-in-human-skin-disorder-using-different-electron-microscopy-techniques
#3
Seulgi Noh, Hyosun Choi, Ji Soo Kim, Il-Hwan Kim, Ji Young Mun
There is a global trend of increase in the demand for three-dimensional electron microscopy with high resolution. The ultrastructural change and related functional studies are necessary to investigate biological phenomena. In this study, currently available 3D reconstruction techniques of electron microscopes (serial block-face scanning electron microscopy and focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy) were used to investigate hyperpigmentary disorders in human skin. In the basal layer of the epidermis in the human skin, there are melanocytes that produce melanin and keratinocytes that act as a barrier against environmental damage...
May 18, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770208/case-report-polyarteritis-nodosa-or-complicated-henoch-schonlein-purpura-a-rare-case
#4
Sajad Hasanzadeh, Seyedeh Maryam Alavi, Elahe Masnavi, Maryam Rohani, Saeid Jokar
Background: Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a vasculitis that affects medium sized arteries. PAN is a rare disease and requires a high vilgilance for diagnosis. For instance, PAN and Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) have narrowing differential diagnosis. Here, we report a case of PAN. Case presentation : Our patient was a 65 year old woman that came to hospital due to abdominal pain and skin lesion on the right upper and right lower extremities. All rheumatologic tests were negative. A biopsy of the skin lesion was reported as mild hyperkeratosis, slight spongiosis with intact basal layer...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770191/electrolytically-generated-hydrogen-warm-water-cleanses-the-keratin-plug-clogged-hair-pores-and-promotes-the-capillary-blood-streams-more-markedly-than-normal-warm-water-does
#5
Yoshiharu Tanaka, Yasukazu Saitoh, Nobuhiko Miwa
Biomedical properties of hydrogen water have been extensively investigated, but the effect of hydrogen on good healthy subjects remains unclear. This study was designed to explore the hygiene improvement by electrolytically generated hydrogen warm water (40°C) on capillary blood streams, skin moisture, and keratin plugs in skin pores in normal good healthy subjects with their informed consents. Fingertip-capillary blood stream was estimated after hand-immersing in hydrogen warm water by videography using a CCD-based microscope, and the blood flow levels increased to about 120% versus normal warm water, after 60 minutes of the hand-immersing termination...
January 2018: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764244/kinetics-and-tissue-repair-process-following-fractional-bipolar-radiofrequency-treatment
#6
G Kokolakis, L von Eichel, M Ulrich, J Lademann, T Zuberbier, M A Hofmann
INTRODUCTION: Fractionated radiofrequency (RF) tissue tightening is an alternative method to fractionated laser treatment of skin wrinkling, laxity and acne scars, with reduced risk of scarring or persistent pigmentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate and quantify the wound healing process after RF treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 patients were treated with a 64-pin fractional bipolar RF device with 60 mJ/pin applied energy. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) examination was performed on day 1, day 2, day 7 and day 14 after treatment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762885/influence-of-chemical-and-physical-conditions-in-selection-of-gluconacetobacter-hansenii-atcc-23769-strains-with-high-capacity-to-production-bacterial-cellulose-for-application-as-sustained-antimicrobial-drug-release-supports
#7
Silmara Cristina Lazarini, Caroline Yamada, Hernane da Silva Barud, Eliane Trovatti, Pedro Paulo Corbi, Wilton Rogério Lustri
AIMS: Obtain varieties of Gluconacetobacter hansenii from original strain ATCC 23729 with greater efficiency to produce bacterial cellulose (BC) membrane with better dry mass yield for application as support of sustained antimicrobials drug release. METHODS AND RESULTS: Application of different chemical and physical conditions (pH, temperature and UV light exposure) to obtain different G. hansenii varieties with high capacity to produce BC membranes. Characterization of the G...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759083/hypertrophic-osteoarthropathy-mimicking-a-reactive-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Francesco Bozzao, Stella Bernardi, Franca Dore, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabio Fischetti
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can be secondary to various diseases, though mostly lung malignancies. Here, we report an unusual clinical presentation of HOA. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old man presented with fever, diarrhea, and an oligoarthritis involving the left knee and the ankles...
May 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757474/automated-patient-specific-transperineal-ultrasound-probe-setups-for-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy
#9
Saskia Maria Camps, Frank Verhaegen, Ben G L Vanneste, Peter H N de With, Davide Fontanarosa
PURPOSE: The use of ultrasound imaging is not widespread in prostate cancer radiotherapy workflows, despite several advantages (e.g. allowing real-time volumetric organ tracking). This can be partially attributed to the need for a trained operator during acquisition and interpretation of the images. We introduce and evaluate an algorithm that can propose a patient-specific transperineal ultrasound probe setup, based on a CT scan and anatomical structure delineations. The use of this setup during the simulation and treatment stage could improve usability of ultrasound imaging for relatively untrained operators (radiotherapists with less than one year experience with ultrasound)...
May 14, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754963/predictors-of-a-drainable-suppurative-adenitis-among-children-presenting-with-cervical-adenopathy
#10
Amir A Kimia, Tiffany F Rudloe, Nadine Aprahamian, Jennifer McNamara, David Roberson, Assaf Landschaft, Jennifer Vaughn, Marvin B Harper
OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify predictors for a drainable suppurative adenitis [DSA] among patients presenting with acute cervical lymphadenitis. METHODS: A retrospective cross sectional study of all patients admitted to an urban pediatric tertiary care emergency department over a 15 year period. Otherwise healthy patients who underwent imaging for an evaluation of cervical lymphadenitis were included. Cases were identified using a text-search module followed by manual review...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745505/-preparation-and-study-of-vaccarin-loaded-nanofibers-used-as-wound-healing-material
#11
Yuyu Qiu, Weiwei Cai, Liying Qiu, Qingqing Wang, Qufu Wei
A drug vaccarin loaded polymer poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-stilbazole quaternized (SbQ)/Zein was prepared in this study, using co-electrospun method. Then the morphologies and structures of PVA-SbQ/Zein composite nanofibers were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR), respectively. Finally, biocompatibility of PVA-SbQ/Zein nanofibers with drug and without drug was evaluated. Results showed that vaccarin-loaded PVA-SbQ/Zein nanofibers had smooth surface and showed non-toxic to L929 cells...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744465/starch-based-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-wound-healing-applications
#12
Vijaya Sadashiv Waghmare, Pallavi Ravindra Wadke, Sathish Dyawanapelly, Aparna Deshpande, Ratnesh Jain, Prajakta Dandekar
Starch is an attractive polymer for wound healing applications because of its wide availability, low cost, biocompatibility, biodegradability and wound-healing property. Here, we have fabricated starch-based nanofibrous scaffolds by electrospinning for wound healing applications. The diameter of the optimized nanofibers was determined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and was found to be in the range of 110-300 nm. The mechanical strength (0.5-0.8 MPa) of the nanofibrous scaffolds was attuned using polyvinyl alcohol (plasticizer) and glutaraldehyde (crosslinking agent), to impart them with sufficient durability for skin tissue engineering...
September 2018: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742517/solvent-extracted-wool-wax-thermotropic-properties-and-skin-efficacy
#13
Clara Barba Albanell, Victor Carrer, Meritxell Marti, Jordi Iglesias, Joan Iglesias, Luisa Coderch
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Wool wax is a soft, yellow, waxy substance that is secreted by the sebaceous glands of sheep. The purpose of wool wax is to waterproof and protect the wool. Chemically, wool wax is a complex mixture of esters, fatty acids, and alcohols. Wool waxes with different prop-erties can be obtained by following different extraction methodologies. METHODS: Two differently extracted wool waxes are compared in this study. Their effectiveness in mimicking the properties of skin lipids is evaluated...
May 9, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740104/setup-errors-and-effectiveness-of-optical-laser-3d-surface-imaging-system-sentinel-in-postoperative-radiotherapy-of-breast-cancer
#14
Xiaobo Wei, Mengjiao Liu, Yun Ding, Qilin Li, Changhai Cheng, Xian Zong, Wenming Yin, Jie Chen, Wendong Gu
Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) plus postoperative radiotherapy has become the standard treatment for early-stage breast cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the setup accuracy of optical surface imaging by the Sentinel system with cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging currently used in our clinic for patients received BCS. Two optical surface scans were acquired before and immediately after couch movement correction. The correlation between the setup errors as determined by the initial optical surface scan and CBCT was analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737215/needle-free-cutaneous-delivery-of-living-human-cells-by-er-yag-fractional-laser-ablation
#15
Jing Yu, Sachin Dubey, Yogeshvar N Kalia
BACKGROUND: Dermatological diseases, including most skin cancers and rare genetic conditions frequently originate in the epidermis. Targeted, topical cell-based therapy is a promising therapeutic strategy. Here, we present the first report demonstrating that fractional laser ablation enables local "needle-free" intraepidermal delivery of living human cells. METHODS: The cells penetrated porcine ear skin via microchannels created by Er:YAG fractional laser ablation; cell delivery was quantified using a haemocytometer...
May 8, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733465/vascular-morphology-in-normal-skin-studied-with-dynamic-optical-coherence-tomography
#16
Pernille Lindsø Andersen, Jonas Olsen, Kersti Brosbøl Engelund Friis, Lotte Themstrup, Kasper Grandahl, Ole Steen Mortensen, Gregor Borut Ernst Jemec
BACKGROUND: Dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technique, suitable for the study of structural and dynamic features of cutaneous microvasculature. Studies with D-OCT have primarily focused on non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and a reference description of healthy skin is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of standard microvascular features in normal skin. METHOD: A total of 280 participants without skin disease were D-OCT scanned on four body locations; three sun-exposed areas and one unexposed: forehead, back of the neck, back of the hand and medial side of the upper arm...
May 7, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730964/development-of-transethosomes-formulation-for-dermal-fisetin-delivery-box-behnken-design-optimization-in-vitro-skin-penetration-vesicles-skin-interaction-and-dermatokinetic-studies
#17
Thasleem Moolakkadath, Mohd Aqil, Abdul Ahad, Syed Sarim Imam, Babar Iqbal, Yasmin Sultana, Mohd Mujeeb, Zeenat Iqbal
The present study was conducted for the optimization of transethosomes formulation for dermal fisetin delivery. The optimization of the formulation was carried out using "Box-Behnken design". The independent variables were Lipoid S 100, ethanol and sodium cholate. The prepared formulations were characterized for vesicle size, entrapment efficiency and in vitro skin penetration study. The vesicles-skin interaction, confocal laser scanning microscopy and dermatokinetic studies were performed with optimized formulation...
May 7, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727807/voxel-based-morphometry-analysis-of-structural-brain-scans-in-skin-picking-disorder
#18
Anne Schienle, Jonas Potthoff, Albert Wabnegger
BACKGROUND: Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is characterized by the excessive and repetitive manipulation of one's own skin resulting in tissue damage and impaired social functioning. There are only a few studies with small sample sizes that examined possible brain abnormalities in SPD, which is classified as a syndrome related to obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD). METHOD: The current voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study compared data from 35 SPD patients and 35 control participants including both genders (mean age = 35 years, SD = 15)...
April 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725903/dapsone-loaded-invasomes-as-a-potential-treatment-of-acne-preparation-characterization-and-in-vivo-skin-deposition-assay
#19
Mohamed Ahmed El-Nabarawi, Rehab Nabil Shamma, Faten Farouk, Samar Mohamed Nasralla
Dapsone (DPS) is a unique sulfone with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory activity. Owing to its dual action, DPS has a great potential to treat acne. Topical DPS application is expected to be effective in treatment of mild to moderate acne conditions. Invasomes are novel vesicles composed of phosphatidylcholine, ethanol, and one or mixture of terpenes of enhanced percutaneous permeation. In this study, DPS-loaded invasomes were prepared using the thin film hydration technique. The effect of different terpenes (Limonene, Cineole, Fenchone, and Citral) in different concentrations on the properties of the prepared DPS-loaded invasomes was investigated using a full factorial experimental design, namely, the particle size, drug entrapment, and release efficiency...
May 3, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723257/pharmacological-characterization-of-potent-and-selective-nav1-7-inhibitors-engineered-from-chilobrachys-jingzhao-tarantula-venom-peptide-jztx-v
#20
Bryan D Moyer, Justin K Murray, Joseph Ligutti, Kristin Andrews, Philippe Favreau, John B Jordan, Josie H Lee, Dong Liu, Jason Long, Kelvin Sham, Licheng Shi, Reto Stöcklin, Bin Wu, Ruoyuan Yin, Violeta Yu, Anruo Zou, Kaustav Biswas, Les P Miranda
Identification of voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 inhibitors for chronic pain therapeutic development is an area of vigorous pursuit. In an effort to identify more potent leads compared to our previously reported GpTx-1 peptide series, electrophysiology screening of fractionated tarantula venom discovered the NaV1.7 inhibitory peptide JzTx-V from the Chinese earth tiger tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao. The parent peptide displayed nominal selectivity over the skeletal muscle NaV1.4 channel. Attribute-based positional scan analoging identified a key Ile28Glu mutation that improved NaV1...
2018: PloS One
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