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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538590/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-clinically-unsuspected-ureteral-stone-presenting-as-acute-scrotum-case-series
#1
Ronald H Wachsberg
Ureteral colic is not generally included in the differential diagnoses of acute scrotal pain, although ureteral pathology is a recognized cause of pain referred to the scrotum. We report 3 patients presenting with acute scrotal pain who had normal scrotal color Doppler ultrasound scans; subsequent ultrasound of the ipsilateral kidney revealed hydronephrosis, which ultimately led to the clinically unsuspected diagnosis of ureteral colic. We conclude that ureteral colic should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute scrotal pain, and we further suggest that a survey ultrasound of the kidney on the side of the pain should be performed in patients presenting with acute scrotal pain and a normal color Doppler ultrasound examination of the scrotum...
May 20, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537701/effects-of-body-mass-index-on-the-outcomes-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#2
Cemal Selcuk Isoglu, Tufan Suelozgen, Hayal Boyacioglu, Gokhan Koc
OBJECTIVE: To examine the the effect of body mass index (BMI) on PNL results and complications with a large number of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 958 patients were included in the study, who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy in our clinic between 2008 and 2015. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to their body mass index. Patients with a BMI < 30 kg/m2 were classified as group 1 (n:676) and patients with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 were classified as group 2 (n:282)...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535652/-analysis-of-clinical-prognosis-and-the-correlation-between-bile-duct-injury-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-the-level-of-hepatic-arterial-embolization-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
H Y Xu, X P Yu, R Feng, H J Hu, W W Xiao
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and the level of hepatic arterial embolization, and to analyze the clinical prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Methods: From January18, 2012 to December18, 2014, 21 patients underwent TACE for HCC were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' clinical and pathological data. The clinical outcome and relevant factors for bile duct injury were analyzed. Results: A total of 21 patients were identified with bile duct injury at our single institution...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534705/risk-factors-and-mechanisms-of-stroke-in-young-adults-the-future-study
#4
Mayte E van Alebeek, Renate M Arntz, Merel S Ekker, Nathalie E Synhaeve, Noortje Amm Maaijwee, Hennie Schoonderwaldt, Maureen J van der Vlugt, Ewoud J van Dijk, Loes Ca Rutten-Jacobs, Frank-Erik de Leeuw
Incidence of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in young adults is rising. However, etiology remains unknown in 30-40% of these patients when current classification systems designed for the elderly are used. Our aim was to identify risk factors according to a pediatric approach, which might lead to both better identification of risk factors and provide a stepping stone for the understanding of disease mechanism, particularly in patients currently classified as "unknown etiology". Risk factors of 656 young stroke patients (aged 18-50) of the FUTURE study were categorized according to the "International Pediatric Stroke Study" (IPSS), with stratification on gender, age and stroke of "unknown etiology"...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534536/current-clinical-scoring-systems-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Wayland J Wu, Zeph Okeke
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy has become the preferred treatment modality for patients with large renal calculi. The technique provides excellent stone clearance, but complication rates are higher than those of minimally invasive techniques, such as ureteroscopy and shockwave lithotripsy. Guy's stone score, S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry, the CROES nomogram, and S-ReSC are contemporary scoring systems introduced to provide standardized grading of stone complexity and outcomes of percutaneous stone surgery. Guy's stone score is easy to apply and has been validated in multiple studies...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534047/polysomnographic-heart-rate-variability-indices-and-atrial-ectopy-associated-with-incident-atrial-fibrillation-risk-in-older-community-dwelling-men
#6
Dileep Raman, Farhad Kaffashi, Li-Yung Lui, William H Sauer, Susan Redline, Peter Stone, Peggy M Cawthon, Katie L Stone, Kristine E Ensrud, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Kenneth Loparo, Reena Mehra
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction contributes to atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that polysomnogram (PSG)-based heart rate variability (HRV) autonomic function biomarkers are associated with incident AF and these associations are modified by measures of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: 2350 participants of a multi-center prospective study (Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men Study) without baseline AF underwent sleep studies with incident adjudicated AF follow up (8...
May 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534001/frequency-of-acute-hepatitis-following-acute-paraphenylene-diamine-intoxication
#7
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Sadaf Shafiq, Ali Imran, Qazi Masroor Ali, Raheel Khan, Hassan Tariq, Daniyal Ishtiaq
INTRODUCTION: Paraphenylene diamine (PPD) ingestion is manifesting as one of the more common ways of committing suicide in Southern Punjab, Pakistan, especially Bahawalpur. PPD is an ingredient of a compound commonly known "Kala Pathar" which means "Black Stone" in Urdu. It is readily available in the market at low cost and is used to dye hair and fur. Its intoxication inhibits cellular oxidation and affects the muscles causing rhabdomyolysis. This leads to myoglobinuria followed by renal failure and edema of face and throat resulting in respiratory difficulty...
April 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532210/the-linear-nonthreshold-lnt-model-as-used-in-radiation-protection-an-ncrp-update
#8
John D Boice
Purpose/Objective(s): The linear non-threshold (LNT) model has been used in radiation protection for over 40 years and has been hotly debated! It relies heavily on human epidemiology, with support from radiobiology. The scientific underpinnings include NCRP Report No. 136 ("Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model for Ionizing Radiation"), UNSCEAR 2000, ICRP Publication 99 (2004) and the National Academies BEIR VII Report (NRC 2006). NCRP Scientific Committee 1-25 is reviewing recent epidemiologic studies focusing on dose-response models, including threshold, and the relevance to radiation protection...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531110/multifaceted-health-benefits-of-mangifera-indica-l-mango-the-inestimable-value-of-orchards-recently-planted-in-sicilian-rural-areas
#9
REVIEW
Marianna Lauricella, Sonia Emanuele, Giuseppe Calvaruso, Michela Giuliano, Antonella D'Anneo
Historically, Mangifera indica L. cultivations have been widely planted in tropical areas of India, Africa, Asia, and Central America. However, at least 20 years ago its spreading allowed the development of some cultivars in Sicily, an island to the south of Italy, where the favourable subtropical climate and adapted soils represent the perfect field to create new sources of production for the Sicilian agricultural supply chain. Currently, cultivations of Kensington Pride, Keitt, Glenn, Maya, and Tommy Atkins varieties are active in Sicily and their products meet the requirements of local and European markets...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531099/vitamin-a-status-of-women-and-children-in-yaound%C3%A3-and-douala-cameroon-is-unchanged-one-year-after-initiation-of-a-national-vitamin-a-oil-fortification-program
#10
Reina Engle-Stone, Martin Nankap, Alex Ndjebayi, Marie-Madeleine Gimou, Avital Friedman, Marjorie J Haskell, Ann Tarini, Kenneth H Brown
Vitamin A (VA) fortification of cooking oil is considered a cost-effective strategy for increasing VA status, but few large-scale programs have been evaluated. We conducted representative surveys in Yaoundé and Douala, Cameroon, 2 years before and 1 year after the introduction of a mandatory national program to fortify cooking oil with VA. In each survey, 10 different households were selected within each of the same 30 clusters (n = ~300). Malaria infection and plasma indicators of inflammation and VA (retinol-binding protein, pRBP) status were assessed among women aged 15-49 years and children aged 12-59 months, and casual breast milk samples were collected for VA and fat measurements...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530651/surface-attached-molecules-control-staphylococcus-aureus-quorum-sensing-and-biofilm-development
#11
Minyoung Kevin Kim, Aishan Zhao, Ashley Wang, Zachary Z Brown, Tom W Muir, Howard A Stone, Bonnie L Bassler
Bacteria use a process called quorum sensing to communicate and orchestrate collective behaviours, including virulence factor secretion and biofilm formation. Quorum sensing relies on the production, release, accumulation and population-wide detection of signal molecules called autoinducers. Here, we develop concepts to coat surfaces with quorum-sensing-manipulation molecules as a method to control collective behaviours. We probe this strategy using Staphylococcus aureus. Pro- and anti-quorum-sensing molecules can be covalently attached to surfaces using click chemistry, where they retain their abilities to influence bacterial behaviours...
May 22, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530425/review-of-hermann-lotze-an-intellectual-biography
#12
Horst Gundlach
Reviews the book, Hermann Lotze: An Intellectual Biography by William R. Woodward (see record 2015-31971-000). Lotze (1817-1881), the once-renowned physician, philosopher, and psychologist, as well as professor in Leipzig, Göttingen, and Berlin, was one of the last philosophers who actually planned a system of philosophy. In this book, Woodward has presented the results of his decades-long engagement with Lotze and his personal, intellectual, and political environment. The reviewer believes that any problems with the book, small or not so small, should not divert the attention from the merits Woodward has earned with this energetically researched, insightful work that deserves its place as an excellent stepping stone for reconsidering Lotze's place in the historiography of philosophy and psychology of the 19th century...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529948/finding-the-culprit-who-is-turning-hearts-to-stone
#13
EDITORIAL
Katharina Theresa Kroll, Qian Zhou, Peter Kohl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529264/communities-of-putative-ericoid-mycorrhizal-fungi-isolated-from-alpine-dwarf-shrubs-in-japan-effects-of-host-identity-and-microhabitat
#14
Takahiko Koizumi, Kazuhide Nara
Dwarf shrubs of the family Ericaceae are common in arctic and alpine regions. Many of these plants are associated with ericoid mycorrhizal (ERM) fungi, which allow them to take nutrients and water from the soil under harsh environmental conditions and, thus, affect host plant survival. Despite the importance of ERM fungi to alpine plant communities, limited information is available on the effects of microhabitat and host identity on ERM fungal communities. We investigated the communities of putative ERM fungi isolated from five dwarf shrub species (Arcterica nana, Diapensia lapponica, Empetrum nigrum, Loiseleuria procumbens, and Vaccinium vitis-idaea) that co-occur in an alpine region of Japan, with reference to distinct microhabitats provided by large stone pine (Pinus pumila) shrubs (i...
May 20, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528955/potential-therapeutic-activity-of-phlogacanthus-thyrsiformis-hardow-mabb-flower-extract-and-its-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-against-chemically-induced-urolithiasis-in-male-wistar-rats
#15
Poppy Das, Kiran Kumar, Arunai Nambiraj, Reshma Rajan, Rajendra Awasthi, Kamal Dua, Himaja M
Urolithiasis is a painful disorder in which stones are formed in the kidney, bladder or urethra. There are no proper therapeutic treatments available for kidney stones and people suffering from larger stones have to undergo surgery which has many side effects. A natural remedy with therapeutic effects that can dissipate and remove even the larger stones would eliminate the need of a surgery and the risks associated with it. The flowers of Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis used in culinary recipes in the north eastern India are also widely used as a folklore medicine for the treatment of kidney stones and liver disorders...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528024/structure-diverse-phylomer-libraries-as-a-rich-source-of-bioactive-hits-from-phenotypic-and-target-directed-screens-against-intracellular-proteins
#16
REVIEW
Paul M Watt, Nadia Milech, Shane R Stone
Phylomers are peptides derived from biodiverse protein fragments. Genetically encoded Phylomer libraries have been constructed, containing hundreds of billions of peptides derived from virtually all of the few thousand fold families found in the protein universe. They offer a rich source of high quality hits against diverse target sequences and have been used for three main purposes: firstly, to identify and validate targets in phenotypic screens; secondly, to block protein interactions with nanomolar potency binding affinities; thirdly as a source of more efficient cell penetrating peptides for the delivery of a wide range of biologics...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528023/medication-management-activities-performed-by-informal-caregivers-of-older-adults
#17
Kevin A Look, Jamie A Stone
BACKGROUND: Medication management is commonly performed by informal caregivers, yet they are often unprepared and ill-equipped to manage complex medication regimens for their older adult care recipients. In order to develop interventions that will enhance the caregiver's ability to safely and confidently manage medications, it is critical to first understand caregiver challenges and unmet needs related to medication management. OBJECTIVES: To explore how informal caregivers manage medications for their older adult care recipients by identifying the activities involved in medication management and the tools or strategies used to facilitate these activities...
May 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527739/local-people-s-knowledge-with-regard-to-land-use-activities-in-southwest-madagascar-conceptual-insights-for-sustainable-land-management
#18
Nadine V M Fritz-Vietta, H Stone Tahirindraza, Susanne Stoll-Kleemann
Environmental conditions in the Mahafaly Plateau region in southwest Madagascar are harsh, with a long dry season and a short rainy season. The local people's land use capabilities and skills are adapted to these conditions. Nevertheless, they are currently confronted by drastic climatic changes, including longer dry seasons, which have resulted in food and water scarcities. It is therefore essential to ensure sustainable land management in the region. At present, the main land use activities are agriculture, livestock farming, natural resource collection including timber and non-timber forest products, and the practice of local customs...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527193/comparison-of-digital-intraoral-scanners-by-single-image-capture-system-and-full-color-movie-system
#19
Meguru Yamamoto, Yu Kataoka, Atsufumi Manabe
BACKGROUND: The use of dental computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restoration is rapidly increasing. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the marginal and internal cement thickness and the adhesive gap of internal cavities comprising CAD/CAM materials using two digital impression acquisition methods and micro-computed tomography. METHODS: Images obtained by a single-image acquisition system (Bluecam Ver...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527148/review-of-walter-scheidel-s-the-great-leveler-violence-and-the-history-of-inequality-from-the-stone-age-to-the-twenty-first-century-princeton-princeton-university-press-2017
#20
Laura Betzig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
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