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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351671/a-novel-non-invasive-method-for-evaluating-electroencephalograms-on-laying-hens
#1
Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
January 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351431/feasibility-of-phase-contrast-cine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-measuring-blood-flow-in-the-sheep-fetus
#2
An Qi Duan, Jack R T Darby, Jia Yin Soo, Mitchell C Lock, Meng Yuan Zhu, Lucy V Flynn, Sunthara Rajan Perumal, Christopher K Macgowan, Joseph B Selvanayagam, Janna L Morrison, Mike Seed
Phase-contrast cine MRI (PC-MRI) is the gold-standard non-invasive technique for measuring vessel blood flow and has previously been applied in the human fetal circulation. We aimed to assess the feasibility of using PC-MRI to define the distribution of the fetal circulation in sheep. Fetuses were catheterized at 119-120 days gestation (term, 150 days) and underwent MRI at 123 days gestation under isoflurane anesthesia, ventilated at a FiO2 of 1.0. PC-MRI was performed using a fetal arterial blood pressure catheter signal for cardiac triggering...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351243/awake-versus-asleep-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-technical-considerations-and-critical-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Ryan B Kochanski, Sepehr Sani
Advancements in neuroimaging have led to a trend toward direct, image-based targeting under general anesthesia without the use of microelectrode recording (MER) or intraoperative test stimulation, also referred to as "asleep" deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. Asleep DBS, utilizing imaging in the form of intraoperative computed tomography (iCT) or magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI), has demonstrated reliable targeting accuracy of DBS leads implanted within the globus pallidus and subthalamic nucleus while also improving clinical outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease...
January 19, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350659/thiopental-is-better-than-propofol-for-electroconvulsive-therapy
#4
Massimiliano Nuzzi, Dario Delmonte, Barbara Barbini, Laura Pasin, Ornella Sottocorna, Giuseppina Maria Casiraghi, Cristina Colombo, Giovanni Landoni, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: electroconvulsive therapy is a psychiatric procedure requiring general anesthesia. The choice of the hypnotic agent is important because the success of the intervention is associated to the occurrence and duration of motor convulsion. However, all available anesthetic agents have anti-convulsant activity. We compared the effect of thiopental and propofol on seizures. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study at Mood Disorders Unit of a teaching Hospital...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350363/is-nighttime-laparoscopic-general-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-safe
#5
Ahmet Kemalettin Koltka, Mehmet İlhan, Achmet Ali, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Nükhet Sivrikoz, Teoman Hakan Yanar, Mustafa Kayıhan Günay, Cemalettin Ertekin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and sleep deprivation can affect rational decision-making and motor skills, which can decrease medical performance and quality of patient care. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between times of the day when laparoscopic general surgery under general anesthesia was performed and their adverse outcomes. METHODS: All laparoscopic cholecystectomies and appendectomies performed at the emergency surgery department of a tertiary university hospital from 01...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349962/-midterm-clinical-outcome-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-with-early-hip-involved-diseases-treated-with-arthroscopic-technique
#6
Chun-Bao Li, Wei Qi, Zhi-Gang Wang, Zhong-Li Li, Min Wei, Xu Cai, Qiang Zhang, Juan-Li Zhu, Yang Liu, Yu-Jie Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical outcome of manipulation release combined with arthroscopic debridement and synovia resection under general anesthesia for early hip involvment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: Manipulation release combined with arthroscpic debridement and synovium resection were performed for hip lesion in 22 patients with ankylosing spondylitis from June 2011 to June 2013, incuding 6 males and 16 females with anverage age of 24...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349848/evaluation-of-the-stability-and-stratification-of-propofol-and-ketamine-mixtures-for-pediatric-anesthesia
#7
Murat Izgi, Betul Basaran, Ahmet Muderrisoglu, Aysun Ankay Yilbas, Mehmet S Uluer, Bilge Celebioglu
BACKGROUND: The combination of propofol and ketamine is commonly used for total intravenous anesthesia. These drugs can be delivered in different syringes or in the same syringe. We hypothesized that the drugs might separate and different concentrations of each drug could be found in different parts of the syringe during the procedure period when they were mixed in 1 syringe. METHODS: Twelve 60-mL polypropylene syringes were prepared by mixing propofol and ketamine as 4 groups on the basis of propofol/ketamine mixture ratios (5:1 and 6...
January 19, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349733/point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-of-the-upper-airway
#8
REVIEW
Kong Eric You-Ten, Naveed Siddiqui, Wendy H Teoh, Michael S Kristensen
Airway management is a critical skill in the practice of several medical specialities including anesthesia, emergency medicine, and critical care. Over the years mounting evidence has showed an increasing role of ultrasound (US) in airway management. The objective of this narrative review is to provide an overview of the indications for point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of the upper airway. The use of US to guide and assist clinical airway management has potential benefits for both provider and patient. Ultrasound can be utilized to determine airway size and predict the appropriate diameter of single-lumen endotracheal tubes (ETTs), double-lumen ETTs, and tracheostomy tubes...
January 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349509/complex-issues-in-new-ultrasound-guided-nerve-blocks-how-to-name-where-to-inject-and-how-to-publish
#9
Masanori Yamauchi, Yutaka Sato
The recent development of ultrasound-guide nerve block has led to innovation in anesthesia and pain clinics. However, it has also led to some complex issues, including (1) how to name a new technique, (2) the appropriateness of an intramuscular approach, and (3) how to publicize a new technique. This review addresses naming strategy, feasibility of intramuscular approach block, and methods of publication. First, researchers and authors should pay attention to appropriate nomenclature for the term 'approach', 'compartment block', and 'nerve block' for a new block...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349369/potentially-stress-induced-acute-splanchnic-segmental-arterial%C3%A2-mediolysis-with-a-favorable-spontaneous-outcome
#10
Aude Belbezier, Françoise Sarrot-Reynauld, Frédéric Thony, Florence Tahon, Olivier Heck, Laurence Bouillet
A 62-year-old woman presented with hemithoracic anesthesia and acute abdominal pain following a violent psychological stress. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a thoracic hematoma with arachnoiditis of the spinal cord. Tomography revealed a typical aspect of segmental arterial mediolysis with multiple aneurysms and stenoses of the splanchnic arteries, confirmed by abdominal arteriography. There was no argument for hereditary, traumatic, atherosclerotic, infectious, or inflammatory arterial disease. Segmental arterial mediolysis was diagnosed on the basis of the radiologic data and probably involved both medullary and splanchnic arteries...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349355/facial-blanching-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia-an-unusual-complication
#11
Sang-Hoon Kang, Yu-Jin Won
The present case report describes a complication involving facial blanching symptoms occurring during inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia (IANBA). Facial blanching after IANBA can be caused by the injection of an anesthetic into the maxillary artery area, affecting the infraorbital artery.
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349354/awake-intubation-in-a-patient-with-huge-orocutaneous-fistula-a-case-report
#12
Hye-Jin Kim, So-Hyun Kim, Tae-Heung Kim, Ji-Young Yoon, Cheul-Hong Kim, Eun-Jung Kim
Mask ventilation, the first step in airway management, is a rescue technique when endotracheal intubation fails. Therefore, ordinary airway management for the induction of general anesthesia cannot be conducted in the situation of difficult mask ventilation (DMV). Here, we report a case of awake intubation in a patient with a huge orocutaneous fistula. A 58-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo a wide excision, reconstruction with a reconstruction plate, and supraomohyoid neck dissection on the left side and an anterolateral thigh flap due to a huge orocutaneous fistula that occurred after a previous mandibulectomy and flap surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349350/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-epinephrine-and-xylometazoline-in-decreasing-nasal-bleeding-during-nasotracheal-intubation
#13
Jaegyok Song
Background: Various techniques have been introduced to decrease complications during nasotracheal intubation. A common practice is to use nasal packing with a cotton stick and 0.01% epinephrine jelly. However, this procedure can be painful to patients and can damage the nasal mucosa. Xylometazoline spray can induce effective vasoconstriction of the nasal mucosa without direct nasal trauma. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of these two methods. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 40 each): xylometazoline spray group or epinephrine packing group...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349349/a-retrospective-analysis-of-outpatient-anesthesia-management-for-dental-treatment-of-patients-with-severe-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Eunsun So, Hyun Jeong Kim, Myong-Hwan Karm, Kwang-Suk Seo, Juhea Chang, Joo Hyung Lee
Background: The number of patients with Alzheimer's disease is growing worldwide, and the proportion of patients requiring dental treatment under general anesthesia increases with increasing severity of the disease. However, outpatient anesthesia management for these patients involves great risks, as most patients with Alzheimer's disease are old and may show reduced cardiopulmonary functions and have cognitive disorders. Methods: This study retrospectively investigated 43 patients with Alzheimer's disease who received outpatient anesthesia for dental treatment between 2012-2017...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349348/the-effect-of-tulobuterol-patches-on-the-respiratory-system-after-endotracheal-intubation
#15
Do-Won Lee, Eun-Soo Kim, Wang-Seok Do, Han-Bit Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim
Background: Endotracheal intubation during anesthesia induction may increase airway resistance (Raw) and decrease dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn). We hypothesized that prophylactic treatment with a transdermal β2-agonist tulobuterol patch (TP) would help to reduce the risk of bronchospasm after placement of the endotracheal tube. Methods: Eighty-two American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) category I or II adult patients showing obstructive patterns were divided randomly into a control and a TP group (n = 41 each)...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349056/sinus-tract-formation-with-chronic-inflammatory-cystic-mass-after-beta-tricalcium-phosphate-insertion
#16
Hong Jin Kim, Woong Gyu Na, Sung Won Jung, Sung Hoon Koh, Hyoseob Lim
Beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is one of allogenic bone substitute which is known to have interconnected pores that draws cell and nutrients for bone generation. It has been resulted in good outcomes for bone defect coverage or augmentation. However, several studies have also reported negative outcomes and associated complications including unexpected formation of cystic mass, continuous pain and secretion. We present the case of a 36-year-old man with a right cheek cystic mass who had a history of right zygomaticomaxillary (ZM) complex fracture and surgical correction with β-TCP powder insertion to ZM bone defect...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349045/advantages-disadvantages-indications-contraindications-and-surgical-technique-of-laryngeal-airway-mask
#17
REVIEW
Anubhav Jannu, Ashim Shekar, Ramdas Balakrishna, H Sudarshan, G C Veena, S Bhuvaneshwari
The beauty of the laryngeal mask is that it forms an air tight seal enclosing the larynx rather than plugging the pharynx, and avoid airway obstruction in the oropharynx. The goal of its development was to create an intermediate form of airway management face mask and endotracheal tube. Indication for its use includes any procedure that would normally involve the use of a face mask. The laryngeal mask airway was designed as a new concept in airway management and has been gaining a firm position in anesthetic practice...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349036/alternative-topical-anesthesia-for-bronchoscopy-in-a-case-of-severe-lidocaine-allergy
#18
Matthew Hensley, Benjamin H Singer
Lidocaine allergy presents a unique difficulty for both patients and providers who undergo/perform bronchoscopy. We present a case of a 73 yo male with severe lidocaine allergy who successfully underwent bronchoscopy with chloroprocaine topical anesthesia and discuss alternative topical anesthetic agents that may be used in this special situation.
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348992/hernioscopy-in-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-spontaneously-reduced-after-general-anesthesia-induction
#19
Irwin C White-Gittens, Aleksandr Kalabin, Vishnu R Mani, Anant Dinesh, Raja Sabbagh
Hernioscopy is essentially hernia sac laparoscopy. Hernia repair has evolved over the years with better outcomes; however, strangulated inguinal hernias are acute surgical emergencies which require emergent operative intervention. During anesthesia induction and/or after incision, hernia self-reduction is possible, with or without compromised bowel, back into the abdominal cavity. It is pivotal to examine the bowel to decide on further operative course. A simple alternative to unnecessary laparotomy or standard laparoscopy is hernioscopy, which is quite uncommon...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347949/effects-of-surgery-and-anesthetic-choice-on-immunosuppression-and-cancer-recurrence
#20
REVIEW
Ryungsa Kim
BACKGROUND: The relationship between surgery and anesthetic-induced immunosuppression and cancer recurrence remains unresolved. Surgery and anesthesia stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to cause immunosuppression through several tumor-derived soluble factors. The potential impact of surgery and anesthesia on cancer recurrence was reviewed to provide guidance for cancer surgical treatment. METHODS: PubMed was searched up to December 31, 2016 using search terms such as, "anesthetic technique and cancer recurrence," "regional anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "local anesthesia and cancer recurrence," "anesthetic technique and immunosuppression," and "anesthetic technique and oncologic surgery...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
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