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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913303/re-entry-experiences-of-black-men-living-with-hiv-aids-after-release-from-prison-intersectionality-and-implications-for-care
#1
Shufang Sun, Natasha Crooks, Rebecca Kemnitz, Ryan P Westergaard
RATIONALE: Both the HIV epidemic and incarceration disproportionately affect Black men in the United States. A critical period for incarcerated Black men living with HIV/AIDS is re-entry into the community, which is often associated with adverse health outcomes. Additionally, Black men living with HIV/AIDS involved in the criminal justice system are burdened by multiple, intersecting disadvantaged identities and social positions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine community re-entry experiences among Black men living with HIV/AIDS from an intersectional perspective...
June 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913100/hospitalization-trends-and-comorbidities-among-people-with-hiv-aids-compared-with-the-overall-hospitalized-population-illinois-2008-2014
#2
Livia Navon
OBJECTIVES: To understand trends in health care use among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), this study compared trends in hospitalization rates, comorbidities, and hospital death rates of hospitalized PLWHA with the overall hospitalized population in Illinois during 2008-2014. METHODS: This study identified principal hospitalizations (the principal discharge diagnosis coded with an HIV-related billing code) and secondary HIV hospitalizations (a non-principal discharge diagnosis coded with an HIV-related billing code) from 2008-2014 Illinois hospital discharge data...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912817/prevalence-estimates-of-hiv-syphilis-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-female-sex-workers-fsw-in-brazil-2016
#3
Orlando da Costa Ferreira-Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSW) bear a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STI). In this paper, we estimate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HBV = hepatitis B virus (HBV), HCV = hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis and co-infections in the second Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among FSW in Brazil. METHOD: The survey was conducted in 12 Brazilian cities from July to November 2016. We used respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit 350 FSW in each city...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912005/the-impact-of-changes-over-time-in-the-stanford-university-genotypic-resistance-interpretation-algorithm
#4
S A Hart, S Vardhanabhuti, S A Strobino, L J Harrison
IntroductionThe Stanford HIV-1 genotypic resistance interpretation algorithm has changed substantially over its lifetime. In many studies the algorithm version used is not specified. It is easy to assume results across versions are comparable, but the effects of version changes on resistance calls are unknown. We evaluate these effects for 20 antiretroviral drugs.MethodsWe calculated resistance interpretations for the same 5,993 HIV-1 sequences, from participants in AIDS Clinical Trials Group studies, under 14 versions of the Stanford algorithm from 2002 to 2017...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911885/misconceptions-about-hiv-transmission-among-adolescents-levels-trends-and-correlates-from-the-botswana-aids-impact-surveys-2001-2013-a-short-report
#5
Gobopamang Letamo
Botswana is the world's second HIV heavily affected country, with an average HIV prevalence of 17.6% in 2013. The data used for this study are from Botswana AIDS Impact Surveys, I-IV, which are nationally representative sample surveys conducted in 2001, 2004, 2008 and 2013 respectively by the Central Statistics Office and the National AIDS Coordinating Agency. The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels, trends and factors associated with misconceptions about HIV transmission among adolescents. Both descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analysis were used to address the study objectives...
June 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911430/social-intolerance-risky-sexual-behaviors-and-their-association-with-hiv-knowledge-among-ugandan-adults-results-from-a-national-survey
#6
Damazo T Kadengye, Shona Dalal
Understanding the link between HIV knowledge, risky sexual behaviors, and social intolerance such as stigma and discrimination is important for HIV prevention and treatment program planning. We investigated whether intolerant attitudes and practices among Ugandan adults were associated with HIV-transmission knowledge. We analyzed data from a nationally representative population-based household survey, the 2011 Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey. A total of 15,526 participants who responded to questions on HIV knowledge, social intolerance and risky sexual behavior were included in this analysis...
June 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910568/dermatological-manifestations-of-hiv-aids-individuals-in-shiraz-south-of-iran
#7
Mohammad Ali Davarpanah, Nasrin Motazedian, Farideh Jowkar
Introduction: HIV infection remains as a major challenge facing medical sciences in the world today. Mucocutaneous manifestation was first observed in patients with HIV/AIDS in the early 1980s. The aim of this study was to identify various skin manifestations based on making careful clinical observations and performing the necessary tests. Materials and Methods: A total of 240 patients whose disease was diagnosed using WB and ELISA tests, with dermatologic manifestations and were older than 18 years, participated in this study...
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907520/why-do-young-hispanic-women-take-sexual-risks-psychological-and-cultural-factors-for-hiv-prevention
#8
Cristina Giménez-García, Estefanía Ruiz-Palomino, María Dolores Gil-Llario, Rafael Ballester-Arnal, Claudia Castañeiras
Young Hispanic women have been particularly affected by HIV. For this reason, we analyzed the influence of cognitive factors, dispositional variables, and gender culture on the HIV risks of two groups of Hispanic women. Young Argentinian and Spanish women (N = 342) completed the AIDS Prevention Questionnaire, the Spanish version of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale, and the Spanish version of the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale in order to evaluate knowledge of HIV transmission, HIV, and condom use; self-efficacy; safe-sex intention and safe sex; as well as Sexual Sensation Seeking and Sexual Compulsivity traits...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907519/testing-for-turkeys-faith-based-community-hiv-testing-initiative-an-update
#9
Mary DeGrezia, Dorcas Baker, Ingrid McDowell
Testing for Turkeys (TFT) HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing initiative is a joint effort between Older Women Embracing Life (OWEL), Inc., a nonprofit faith-based community HIV support and advocacy organization; the Johns Hopkins University Regional Partner MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center (MAAETC); and the University of Maryland, Baltimore JACQUES Initiative (JI), and is now in its 11th year of providing HIV outreach, testing, and linkage to care. Since 2008, the annual TFT daylong community HIV testing and linkage to care initiative has been held 2 weeks before Thanksgiving at a faith-based center in Baltimore, Maryland, in a zip code where one in 26 adults and adolescents ages 13 years and older are living with HIV (Maryland Department of Health, Center for HIV Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Evaluation, 2017)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906790/strategies-for-linkage-to-and-engagement-with-care-focus-on-intervention
#10
Thomas P Giordano
Retention of HIV-infected patients in care is crucial to optimizing individual patient outcomes and reducing transmission of HIV. A number of strategies are available to improve linkage to care; among them, the AntiRetroviral Treatment and Access Services intervention should be considered standard of care at the clinic level. With regard to retention in care, the Retention Through Enhanced Personal Contact intervention has been shown to improve retention rates and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Data to Care program has been successful in assisting public health authorities to locate and return to treatment patients presumed to be lost to follow-up...
June 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906789/new-and-noteworthy-in-tuberculosis-diagnostics-and-treatment
#11
Susan Swindells
People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be started early in patients with TB...
June 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905958/epidemiology-of-hiv-drug-resistance-in-hiv-patients-with-virologic-failure-of-first-line-therapy-in-the-country-of-georgia
#12
Ekaterine Karkashadze, Natia Dvali, Natalia Bolokadze, Lali Sharvadze, Pati Gabunia, Marine Karchava, Tamar Tchelidze, Tengiz Tsertsvadze, Jack DeHovitz, Carlos Del Rio, Nikoloz Chkhartishvili
BACKGROUND: HIV drug resistance is a major threat to sustained impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART). We studied epidemiology of drug resistance in the country of Georgia. METHODS: Study included all adult patients who experienced virologic failure on first line ART and received HIV drug resistance testing between 2005-2016. Stanford HIV Sequence Database was used for interpretation of resistance data. Patient-level data were extracted from the national AIDS health information system...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905592/sex-education-and-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-the-2006-2010-and-2011-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#13
Jace D Pierce, Kelly R Ylitalo, Beth A Lanning, Christine C Limbers
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are disproportionally affected by HIV and exhibit low levels of HIV testing. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sex education and subsequent HIV testing among YMSM. METHODS: Data from sexually active men aged 15-24 years at interview in the 2006-2010 or 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth. Sex education included three contexts (formal institutions [e.g., schools], parents, and healthcare providers) and specific topics...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904300/chylous-ascites-as-a-complication-of-intraabdominal-mycobacterium-avium-complex-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome
#14
Ryan K Dean, Rogin Subedi, Ashraya Karkee
Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding of triglyceride-rich lymph in the peritoneal cavity. There are a variety of reported etiologies for chylous ascites; however, the reporting of chylous ascites among AIDS/HIV-positive patients is quite uncommon. This finding as a complication of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is even more unusual. Here we report a case of an HIV-positive man with a history of colonic Mycobacterium avium complex who developed chylous ascites in the setting of increasing CD4 counts and decreasing viral load, suggestive of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome...
July 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903786/comorbidities-and-the-use-of-comedications-in-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-hospital-claims-database
#15
Daniel J Ruzicka, Kentaro Imai, Kenichi Takahashi, Toshio Naito
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of chronic comorbidities and the use of comedications in people living with HIV (PLWH) and on antiretrovirals in Japan, by using a hospital claims database. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: A hospital claims database of Japanese hospitals that have advanced medical treatment capabilities (ie, advanced treatment hospitals, general hospitals, acute care hospitals), which include those providing acute and chronic care (excluding nursing homes or hospices)...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903591/effect-of-combined-training-on-body-composition-and-metabolic-variables-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Débora Alves Guariglia, Rafael Evangelista Pedro, Rafael Deminice, Flávia Troncon Rosa, Sidney Barnabé Peres, Solange Marta Franzói De Moraes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized clinical trial to assess the effects of 16 weeks of combined training on body composition, lipid profile, adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and leptin levels in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: Fifty-eight HIV-infected individuals were randomized into a training group (T) or a control group (C). Combined training consisted of aerobic and resistance exercises performed at the same training session, applied at a frequency of three times a week for a total of 16 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903576/ccr5-established-paradigms-and-new-frontiers-for-a-celebrity-chemokine-receptor
#17
Ilaria Scurci, Elsa Martins, Oliver Hartley
Because of the level of attention it received due to its role as the principal HIV coreceptor, CCR5 has been described as a 'celebrity' chemokine receptor. Here we describe the development of CCR5 inhibitory strategies that have been developed for HIV therapy and which are now additionally being considered for use in HIV prevention and cure. The wealth of CCR5-related tools that have been developed during the intensive investigation of CCR5 as an HIV drug target can now be turned towards the study of CCR5 as a model chemokine receptor...
September 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903006/hiv-related-stigma-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rural-central-china
#18
Zhen Li, Jamie P Morano, Kaveh Khoshnood, Evelyn Hsieh, Yu Sheng
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) has been associated with many negative consequences, including poor adherence to therapy and undue psychological stress. However, the relative influence of specific demographic and situational factors contributing to HIV-related stigma among rural PLWHA in central China remains unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the level of HIV-related stigma among rural PLWHA across specific demographic and situational factors in central China...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902990/hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-amongst-healthcare-providers-in-guangzhou-china
#19
Xiaomei Dong, Jianwei Yang, Lin Peng, Minhui Pang, Jiayi Zhang, Zhan Zhang, Jiaming Rao, Haiqing Wang, Xiongfei Chen
BACKGROUND: HIV-related discrimination amongst healthcare providers is one of the strongest obstacles to effectively responding to HIV. This study was conducted to explore the occurrence of and other factors related to discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS amongst healthcare providers in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted between July and October 2016, that enrolled healthcare providers from 9 healthcare institutions in Guangzhou, China...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902931/feasibility-of-an-internet-based-hiv-testing-service-anonymous-urine-collection-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
DongYan Xia, Xia Feng, XiaoXia He, GuoWu Liu, Yi Lyu, Huanyi Cheng, Yan Jiang, HongYan Lu
A large proportion of people who are HIV positive do not know their serostatus because facility-based provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling, and voluntary counseling and testing, have not been efficiently implemented in China. Therefore, a new HIV testing strategy must be developed to improve testing services so that more HIV infections can be detected earlier. In this study, we established an anonymous internet-aided urine-based HIV testing service for men who have sex with men (MSM) from 1 April 2016 to 20 January 2017...
June 14, 2018: AIDS Care
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