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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221065/the-american-psychological-association-task-force-assessment-of-violent-video-games-science-in-the-service-of-public-interest
#1
Sandra L Calvert, Mark Appelbaum, Kenneth A Dodge, Sandra Graham, Gordon C Nagayama Hall, Sherry Hamby, Lauren G Fasig-Caldwell, Martyna Citkowicz, Daniel P Galloway, Larry V Hedges
A task force of experts was convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) to update the knowledge and policy about the impact of violent video game use on potential adverse outcomes. This APA Task Force on Media Violence examined the existing literature, including the meta-analyses in the field, since the last APA report on media violence in 2005. Because the most recent meta-analyses were published in 2010 and reflected work through 2009, the task force conducted a search of the published studies from 2009-2013...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220215/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-among-recent-refugee-asylum-seeking-non-refugee-immigrant-and-canadian-born-women-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216378/gender-differences-in-adverse-childhood-experiences-collective-violence-and-the-risk-for-addictive-behaviors-among-university-students-in-tunisia
#3
Sana El Mhamdi, Andrine Lemieux, Ines Bouanene, Arwa Ben Salah, Motohiro Nakajima, Kamel Ben Salem, Mustafa al'Absi
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) have been linked to a variety of addictive behaviors. The recent adaptation of the ACE measure by the World Health Organization (WHO) allows for the assessment of the negative role of additional adverse experiences, such as extra-familial violence. To date, the relationship between extra-familial violence and addictive behaviors has not been assessed. We report the contribution of ACEs, including the new scales for extra-familial violence, on the risk for mental health problems and addictive behaviors by gender in a sample of young adults in Tunisia...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#4
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#5
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183223/three-central-dimensions-of-sexual-recidivism-risk
#6
Sébastien Brouillette-Alarie, Jean Proulx, R Karl Hanson
The most commonly used risk assessment tools for predicting sexual violence focus almost exclusively on static, historical factors. Consequently, they are assumed to be unable to directly inform the selection of treatment targets, or evaluate change. However, researchers using latent variable models have identified three dimensions in static actuarial scales for sexual offenders: Sexual Criminality, General Criminality, and a third dimension centered on young age and aggression to strangers. In the current study, we examined the convergent and predictive validity of these dimensions, using psychological features of the offender (e...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165848/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-workplace-violence-toward-mental-health-staff-departments-in-jordanian-hospitals
#7
Manar Al-Azzam, Loai Tawalbeh, Mohammad Sulaiman, Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Eman Harb
A cross-sectional study (n = 262) was conducted to assess the prevalence of workplace violence among mental health departments staff in Jordan. The findings showed that 67.2% of the respondents were victims of at least one violent incident in the last year. Verbal abuse was the most reported type of violence. Patients were considered as the main source of violence. The contributing factors to workplace violence include being unmarried and working longer shifts. Sadly, just being a healthcare worker was found to also be a factor in the incidence of increased workplace violence...
February 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161609/patient-characteristics-associated-with-aggression-in-mental-health-units
#8
Tegan Podubinski, Stuart Lee, Yitzchak Hollander, Michael Daffern
Aggression in mental health units is a significant and pervasive problem. However, the characteristics of patients associated with increased aggression propensity remain unclear and there are few attempts to expand understanding of these characteristics by drawing upon contemporary aggression theory. This study assessed the influence of interpersonal (hostile-dominance) and personality (psychopathy), General Aggression Model-specified (aggressive script rehearsal, attitudes towards violence, and trait anger), and clinical (psychiatric symptoms) factors on aggression during psychiatric hospitalization in 200 inpatients (132 men and 68 women; 19-64 years, M=38...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161034/impact-of-social-determinants-of-health-on-medical-conditions-among-transgender-veterans
#9
John R Blosnich, Mary C Marsiglio, Melissa E Dichter, Shasha Gao, Adam J Gordon, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Michael J Fine
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals experience pronounced disparities in health (e.g., mood disorders, suicide risk) and in the prevalence of social determinants of housing instability, financial strain, and violence. The objectives of this study were to understand the prevalence of social determinants among transgender veterans and assess their associations with medical conditions. METHODS: This project was a records review using administrative data from the U...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152333/experiences-of-self-injury-and-aggression-among-women-admitted-to-forensic-psychiatric-care
#10
Heidi Selenius, Susanne Strand
BACKGROUND: Self-injury and institutional violence are well-known characteristics of female forensic psychiatric patients, but research on patients' experiences of these behaviours is limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how female forensic psychiatric patients describe their self-injury and aggression. METHODS: The authors performed qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 female forensic psychiatric inpatients. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis...
February 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142385/violence-to-others-violent-self-victimization-and-violent-victimization-by-others-among-persons-with-a-mental-illness
#11
John Monahan, Roumen Vesselinov, Pamela Clark Robbins, Paul S Appelbaum
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the frequency of and characteristics associated with three forms of violence among persons with mental illness-violence directed at others, self-directed violence, and violence directed at them by others. METHODS: Previously unreported data from a follow-up sample of 951 patients from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study were analyzed to characterize involvement in violence directed at others, self-directed violence, and violence directed at them by others...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142384/the-cumulative-burden-of-mental-substance-use-and-general-medical-disorders-and-rehospitalization-and-mortality-after-an-injury
#12
Douglas F Zatzick, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jin Wang, Joan Russo, Doyanne Darnell, Leah Ingraham, Lauren K Whiteside, Roxanne Guiney, Margot Kelly Hedrick, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVE: Each year in the United States, 1.5-2.5 million individuals require hospitalization for an injury. Multiple mental, substance use, and chronic general medical disorders are endemic among injury survivors with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI), yet few studies have assessed the association between the cumulative burden of these conditions and health care outcomes. This study of patients hospitalized for an injury assessed associations between comorbid mental, substance use, and general medical disorders, TBI, and violent events or suicide attempts and the postinjury outcomes of recurrent hospitalization and death...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130894/the-implementation-of-state-mandated-standards-for-batterer-intervention-programs-the-colorado-experience
#13
Tara N Richards, Angela R Gover, Elizabeth A Tomsich, Jesse Hansen, Cheryl R Davis
The current research examines Colorado’s experience implementing evidence-based mandated treatment <em>Standards</em>, which use a uniform risk assessment, differentiated treatment levels, offender competencies, and a multidisciplinary treatment team (MTT) composed of a victim advocate, probation officer, and treatment provider to manage offender treatment. Using data from MTT member surveys (<em>n</em> = 107) and follow-up interviews (<em>n</em> = 14), the study investigates perceptions of implementation and treatment fidelity, MTT decision making and communication, and the process of successful treatment completion...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127932/the-limitations-and-future-of-violence-risk-assessment
#14
Matthew Large, Olav Nielssen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127117/the-influence-of-victim-vulnerability-and-gender-on-police-officers-assessment-of-intimate-partner-violence-risk
#15
Jennifer E Storey, Susanne Strand
This study investigated the influence of victim vulnerability factors and gender on risk assessment for intimate partner violence (IPV). 867 cases of male and female perpetrated IPV investigated by Swedish police officers using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER) were examined. For male-to-female IPV, victim vulnerability factors were associated with summary risk judgments and risk management recommendations. For female-to-male IPV, vulnerability factors were more often omitted, and consistent associations were not found between vulnerability factors, summary risk judgments, and risk management...
2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115539/adolescent-risk-behaviors-and-use-of-electronic-vapor-products-and-cigarettes
#16
Zewditu Demissie, Sherry Everett Jones, Heather B Clayton, Brian A King
BACKGROUND: Adolescent use of tobacco in any form is unsafe; yet the use of electronic cigarettes and other electronic vapor products (EVPs) has increased in recent years among this age group. We assessed the prevalence and frequency of cigarette smoking and EVP use among high school students, and associations between health-risk behaviors and both cigarette smoking and EVP use. METHODS: We used 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey data (N = 15 624) to classify students into 4 mutually exclusive categories of smoking and EVP use based on 30-day use: nonuse, cigarette smoking only, EVP use only, and dual use...
January 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#17
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#18
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#19
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109172/integrated-treatment-options-for-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Cory A Crane, Caroline J Easton
ISSUES: Male-to-female intimate partner violence remains a worldwide public health issue with adverse physical and psychological consequences for victims, perpetrators and children. Personality disorders, addiction, trauma and mood symptoms are established risk factors for intimate partner violence perpetration and factor prominently into a recovery-oriented treatment approach. APPROACH: We reviewed the partner violence literature for detailed reports of traditional as well as innovative, integrated treatment approaches...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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