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violence risk assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143486/violent-behaviour-in-early-psychosis-patients-can-we-identify-clinical-risk-profiles
#1
Valerie Moulin, Julie Palix, Philippe Golay, Alexandre Dumais, Mohammad Mehdi Gholamrezaee, Agathe Azzola, Philipp S Baumann, Luis Alameda, Philippe Conus
AIMS: The objective of this study is to explore, within a sample of early psychosis patients (EPP), if subgroups regarding rate of violent behaviour (VB) against others can be identified on the basis of dynamic risk factors (treatment modifiable characteristics). METHODS: In a sample of 265 EPP, treated at the Treatment and Early Intervention in Psychosis Program in Lausanne, we conducted a latent-class analysis on the basis of the main dynamic VB risk factors (substance use disorder [SUD], positive symptoms, insight, and impulsivity)...
November 15, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135836/psychosocial-work-hazards-self-rated-health-and-burnout-a-comparison-study-of-public-and-private-sector-employees
#2
Hsi-Chen Liu, Yawen Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To compare psychosocial work conditions and health status between public and private sector employees and to examine if psychosocial work conditions explained the health differences. METHODS: Two thousand four hundred fourty one public and 15,589 private sector employees participated in a cross-sectional survey. Psychosocial work hazards, self-rated health (SRH), and burnout status were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: As compared with private sector employees, public sector employees reported better psychosocial work conditions and better SRH, but higher risk of workplace violence (WPV) and higher levels of client-related burnout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#3
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111920/unwanted-pregnancy-pregnancy-loss-and-other-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#4
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104551/how-individual-and-contextual-factors-affects-antisocial-and-delinquent-behaviors-a-comparison-between-young-offenders-adolescents-at-risk-of-social-exclusion-and-a-community-sample
#5
Silvia Duran-Bonavila, Andreu Vigil-Colet, Sandra Cosi, Fabia Morales-Vives
The problems associated with violence during adolescence have been on the rise in recent decades. Many studies have focused only on environmental causes or individual causes of violence, although a combination of both variables would seem to be the best option for prediction. The current study aims to assess the relevance of individual characteristics (personality traits, intelligence, and historical and clinical factors linked to the risk of violence), contextual risk factors and protective factors in explaining antisocial and delinquent behaviors in adolescence by comparing three different samples: a community sample, a sample at risk of social exclusion, and a sample of juvenile offenders...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098784/describing-the-healthcare-experiences-and-strategies-of-women-survivors-of-violence
#6
Elizabeth A Reeves, Janice C Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Survivors of traumatic life events are at increased risk for an array of negative health consequences, which can be complicated when distressing healthcare experiences act as a barrier to accessing needed care. Implications for trauma-informed and sensitive practice are well established, but evidence to-date on survivors' healthcare experiences and patient engagement is limited. DESIGN: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to develop knowledge on women survivors' healthcare experiences and strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094649/multiple-dimensions-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-prospectively-predict-poorer-adult-romantic-functioning
#7
Madelyn H Labella, William F Johnson, Jodi Martin, Sarah K Ruiz, Jessica L Shankman, Michelle M Englund, W Andrew Collins, Glenn I Roisman, Jeffry A Simpson
The present study used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation (MLSRA) to investigate how multiple dimensions of childhood abuse and neglect predict romantic relationship functioning in adulthood. Several dimensions of abuse and neglect (any experience, type, chronicity, co-occurrence, and perpetrator) were rated prospectively from birth through age 17.5 years. Multimethod assessments of relational competence and violence in romantic relationships were conducted repeatedly from ages 20 to 32 years...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094623/problem-analysis-in-community-violence-assessment-revealing-early-childhood-trauma-as-a-driver-of-youth-and-gang-violence
#8
Laurie Ross, Samantha Arsenault
Problem analysis conducted by a university-based research partner can provide communities with data-driven options to address the local drivers of serious youth and gang violence. Situated in Worcester, Massachusetts, this article describes how subsequent to early childhood trauma being identified as a potential driver of adolescent and young adult violence; problem analysis using local data confirmed that being the victim or witness of a traumatic incident before the age of 12 years was significantly correlated with involvement in violence in adolescence or young adulthood...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093050/screen-violence-and-youth-behavior
#9
REVIEW
Craig A Anderson, Brad J Bushman, Bruce D Bartholow, Joanne Cantor, Dimitri Christakis, Sarah M Coyne, Edward Donnerstein, Jeanne Funk Brockmyer, Douglas A Gentile, C Shawn Green, Rowell Huesmann, Tom Hummer, Barbara Krahé, Victor C Strasburger, Wayne Warburton, Barbara J Wilson, Michele Ybarra
Violence in screen entertainment media (ie, television, film, video games, and the Internet), defined as depictions of characters (or players) trying to physically harm other characters (or players), is ubiquitous. The Workgroup on Media Violence and Violent Video Games reviewed numerous meta-analyses and other relevant research from the past 60 years, with an emphasis on violent video game research. Consistent with every major science organization review, the Workgroup found compelling evidence of short-term harmful effects, as well as evidence of long-term harmful effects...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089008/specialized-police-based-mental-health-crisis-response-the-first-10-years-of-colorado-s-crisis-intervention-team-implementation
#10
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089007/treated-mental-illness-and-the-risk-of-child-abuse-perpetration
#11
Susan Hatters Friedman, Miranda V McEwan
OBJECTIVE: Despite a limited empirical literature, parental mental illness is often cited as a major risk factor for violence against children. However, mental illness that is adequately treated would not be expected to lead to increased violence risk. This study compared incidents of violence toward children perpetrated by parents who were newly discharged from inpatient psychiatric treatment with violence perpetrated by other parents in the same communities to determine whether parents with treated mental illness had an elevated risk of child abuse perpetration...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077909/prevalence-and-risk-of-inappropriate-sexual-behavior-of-patients-toward-physical-therapist-clinicians-and-students-in-the-united-states
#12
Jill S Boissonnault, Ziádee Cambier, Scott J Hetzel, Margaret M Plack
Background: For health care providers in the United States, the risk for nonfatal violence in the workplace is 16 times greater than that for other workers. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior (IPSB) is directed at clinicians, staff, or other patients and may include leering, sexual remarks, deliberate touching, indecent exposure, and sexual assault. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior may adversely affect clinicians, the organization, or patients themselves. Few IPSB risk factors for physical therapists have been confirmed...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077640/risk-and-causes-of-death-among-former-national-football-league-players-1986-2012
#13
Andrew E Lincoln, Robert A Vogel, Thomas W Allen, Reginald E Dunn, Kezia Alexander, Nathaniel D Kaufman, Andrew M Tucker
PURPOSE: Previous research identified decreased overall and cardiovascular mortality for National Football League (NFL) players from the 1959-1988 era. The present study explored the mortality risk among recent NFL players who played in an era of heavier linemen and nearly year-round physical conditioning. METHODS: This cohort study included 9778 former NFL players with at least one year in the NFL whose last season was between 1986 and 2012. Players' pension fund records were matched to the National Death Index (NDI) to determine vital status, date of death, and cause of death...
October 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075426/trauma-and-ptsd-in-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#14
Ronald C Kessler, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Corina Benjet, Evelyn J Bromet, Graça Cardoso, Louisa Degenhardt, Giovanni de Girolamo, Rumyana V Dinolova, Finola Ferry, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yueqin Huang, Elie G Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Maria Carmen Viana, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Karestan C Koenen
Background: Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) onset-persistence is thought to vary significantly by trauma type, most epidemiological surveys are incapable of assessing this because they evaluate lifetime PTSD only for traumas nominated by respondents as their 'worst.' Objective: To review research on associations of trauma type with PTSD in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys, a series of epidemiological surveys that obtained representative data on trauma-specific PTSD. Method: WMH Surveys in 24 countries (n = 68,894) assessed 29 lifetime traumas and evaluated PTSD twice for each respondent: once for the 'worst' lifetime trauma and separately for a randomly-selected trauma with weighting to adjust for individual differences in trauma exposures...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075319/a-qualitative-analysis-of-psychosocial-outcomes-among-women-with-sexual-violence-related-pregnancies-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#15
Jennifer Scott, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Philipp Kuwert, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Gillian Burkhardt, Monica Onyango, Michael VanRooyen, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is prevalent in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and has potentially devastating psychosocial consequences. Previous studies have reported on sexual violence and its impact on the mental health of survivors, but there are few studies conducted among women with sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). Women with SVRPs may be at greater risk of complex psychosocial outcomes, including social stigmatization. This study aimed to describe psychosocial outcomes among this subgroup of sexual violence survivors in order to inform future interventions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068716/perspectives-on-hiv-testing-among-wic-enrolled-postpartum-women-implications-for-intervention-development
#16
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Dalmacio Flores, Annet Davis, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the U.S and also at-risk for substance abuse and intimate partner violence-collectively called the SAVA syndemic-which may impede HIV testing uptake. Views about HIV testing were assessed among women (ages 18-29) enrolled in a federally funded nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in a large Mid-Atlantic city. A survey (n = 80) and three focus groups were conducted in WIC offices located in neighborhoods with high HIV prevalence...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062296/a-social-ecological-framework-of-theory-assessment-and-prevention-of-suicide
#17
REVIEW
Robert J Cramer, Nestor D Kapusta
The juxtaposition of increasing suicide rates with continued calls for suicide prevention efforts begs for new approaches. Grounded in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) framework for tackling health issues, this personal views work integrates relevant suicide risk/protective factor, assessment, and intervention/prevention literatures. Based on these components of suicide risk, we articulate a Social-Ecological Suicide Prevention Model (SESPM) which provides an integration of general and population-specific risk and protective factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056805/the-conditional-indirect-effects-of-suicide-attempt-history-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-association-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-suicide-ideation
#18
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Phillip N Smith
BACKGROUND: Women seeking shelter from intimate partner violence (IPV) experience heightened risk for suicide ideation and attempts compared to abused and non-abused women in the general population. However, few theory-guided studies have examined what cognitive-emotional symptoms might underlie this increased risk. METHODS: Guided by fluid vulnerability theory, this cross-sectional, survey study tested whether depressive symptoms, PTSD symptoms, and hopelessness mediate the association between IPV (coercive control and physical violence) and suicide ideation and whether suicide attempt history facilitated these mediated relations in 134 women seeking shelter from IPV...
February 1, 2017: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054833/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-disclosure-during-web-based-mental-health-e-screening-versus-paper-based-screening-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Dawn Kingston, Anne Biringer, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Rebecca Giallo, Sarah McDonald, Glenda MacQueen, Lydia Vermeyden, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women's perceptions of the risks and benefits during mental health screening impact their willingness to disclose concerns. Early research in violence screening suggests that such perceptions may vary by mode of screening, whereby women view the anonymity of e-screening as less risky than other approaches. Understanding whether mode of screening influences perceptions of risk and benefit of disclosure is important in screening implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perceptions of pregnant women randomized to a Web-based screening intervention group and a paper-based screening control group on the level of risk and benefit they perceive in disclosing mental health concerns to their prenatal care provider...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052283/characteristics-of-alleged-homicide-offenders-with-and-without-schizophrenia-in-sichuan-china
#20
Xiacan Chen, Xueli Zhang, Stephen C P Wong, Min Yang, Di Kong, Junmei Hu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of people with and without schizophrenia who have been charged with homicide in China. AIMS AND RESEARCH QUESTION: Our research question was what differences are there between alleged homicide offenders with and without psychosis? METHOD: All archival records of alleged homicide cases referred for assessment to the West China Forensic Central Medical Service during 1998-2006 were retrieved...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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