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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779459/the-role-of-control-in-intimate-partner-violence-a-study-in-dutch-forensic-outpatients
#1
Bruno Verschuere, Joan van Horn, Nannet Buitelaar
Johnson argued that coercive control is crucial in explaining heterogeneity in intimate partner violence, with such violence being more frequent, less reciprocal, and more often male-to-female aggression when it serves to exercise control over the partner. We assessed 280 Dutch forensic outpatients who had recently engaged in intimate partner violence on nonaggressive coercive control. Control showed significant, small to moderate, associations with more frequent past year acts of psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion and more frequently resulted in partner injury...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779428/understanding-men-s-elevated-alcohol-use-gender-equity-ideologies-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-in-rural-india
#2
Anindita Dasgupta, Jay Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Mohan Ghule, Balaiah Donta, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Velhal Gajanan, Anita Raj
Qualitative evidence suggests that husbands' inequitable gender equity (GE) ideologies may influence associations between husbands' alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV) against wives. However, little quantitative research exists on the subject. To address this gap in the literature, associations of husbands' elevated alcohol use and GE ideologies with wives' reports of IPV victimization among a sample of married couples in Maharashtra, India, were examined. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the baseline sample of the Counseling Husbands to Achieve Reproductive Health and Marital Equity (CHARM) study...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776479/nursing-child-assessment-satellite-training-parent-child-interaction-scales-comparing-american-and-canadian-normative-and-high-risk-samples
#3
Nicole L Letourneau, Panagiota D Tryphonopoulos, Jason Novick, J Martha Hart, Gerald Giesbrecht, Monica L Oxford
PURPOSE: Many nurses rely on the American Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Parent-Child Interaction (PCI) Teaching and Feeding Scales to identify and target interventions for families affected by severe/chronic stressors (e.g. postpartum depression (PPD), intimate partner violence (IPV), low-income). However, the NCAST Database that provides normative data for comparisons may not apply to Canadian families. The purpose of this study was to compare NCAST PCI scores in Canadian and American samples and to assess the reliability of the NCAST PCI Scales in Canadian samples...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#4
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#5
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#6
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763533/assessing-risk-for-future-firearms-violence-in-young-people-who-present-to-ed
#7
(no author information available yet)
A new clinical index tool designed specifically for the emergency environment predicts the risk for future firearms violence in young people 14-24 years of age. The approach employs a brief, 10-point instrument that can be administered in one to two minutes, according to investigators. They also note that while the tool is based on data from a single ED in Flint, Ml, the tool should be applicable to urban EDs in regions that have similar characteristics. To create the tool, investigators used data from the Flint Youth Injury Study, an investigation of a group of patients 14-24 years of age who reported using drugs in the previous six months and accessed care at a Level I trauma center...
June 2017: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763433/injury-and-death-during-the-isis-occupation-of-mosul-and-its-liberation-results-from-a-40-cluster-household-survey
#8
Riyadh Lafta, Maha A Al-Nuaimi, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Measurement of mortality and injury in conflict situations presents many challenges compared with stable situations. However, providing information is important to assess the impact of conflict on populations and to estimate humanitarian needs, both in the immediate and longer term. Mosul, Iraq's second largest city, was overrun by fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) on June 4, 2014. In this study, we conducted household surveys to measure reported deaths, injuries, and kidnappings in Mosul, Iraq, both during the occupation of the city by fighters of ISIS and the months of Iraqi military action known as the liberation...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763395/what-is-the-institutional-duty-of-trauma-systems-to-respond-to-gun-violence
#9
Sara Scarlet, Selwyn O Rogers
In the past, trauma centers have almost exclusively focused on caring for patients who suffer from physical trauma resulting from violence. However, as clinicians' perspectives on violence shift, violence prevention and intervention have been increasingly recognized as integral aspects of trauma care. Hospital-based violence intervention programs are an emerging strategy for ending the cycle of violence by focusing efforts in the trauma center context. These programs, with their multipronged, community-based approach, have shown great potential in reducing trauma recidivism by leveraging the acute experience of violence as an opportunity to introduce services and assess risk of re-injury...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759055/results-of-a-coordinated-specialty-care-program-for-early-psychosis-and-predictors-of-outcomes
#10
Ilana Nossel, Melanie M Wall, Jennifer Scodes, Leslie A Marino, Sacha Zilkha, Iruma Bello, Igor Malinovsky, Rufina Lee, Marleen Radigan, Thomas E Smith, Lloyd Sederer, Gyojeong Gu, Lisa Dixon
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively evaluated outcomes of OnTrackNY, a statewide coordinated specialty care (CSC) program for treatment of early psychosis in community settings, as well as predictors of outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 325 individuals ages 16-30 with recent-onset nonaffective psychosis who were enrolled in OnTrackNY and who had at least one three-month follow-up. Clinicians provided data at baseline and quarterly up to one year. Domains assessed included demographic and clinical characteristics, social and occupational functioning, medications, suicidality and violence, hospitalization, and time to intervention...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#11
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754267/mood-meth-condom-use-and-gender-latent-growth-curve-modeling-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#12
Eileen V Pitpitan, Shirley J Semple, Jim Zians, Steffanie A Strathdee, Thomas L Patterson
Methamphetamine use poses increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. There is robust evidence that methamphetamine use increases sexual risk behavior, like condomless sex, primarily among men who have sex with men but also among heterosexual women and men. Gender differences have been found among women and men who use meth, and there is a high degree of interconnectedness between meth use, depression, and condomless sex. The aims of the current study are to evaluate the efficacy of a theory-based, tri-focal intervention designed to reduce depression, meth use, and condomless sex among women and men, and to examine gender as a moderator of efficacy...
May 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752621/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-rural-south-africa
#13
Violeta J Rodriguez, Lissa N Mandell, Suat Babayigit, Rhea R Manohar, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
In developing countries, up to 20% of maternal deaths during pregnancy are due to suicide, and being HIV-infected confers additional risk. This manuscript sought to identify perinatal correlates of suicidal ideation among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in rural South Africa. Pregnant WLHIV (N = 681) were recruited and re-assessed at 12-months postpartum. Mean age was 28.3 (SD = 5.7) years and 68% were below the poverty line. Prenatal suicidal ideation was 39%; suicidal ideation continued for 7% at 12 months, 13% experienced incident suicidal ideation, and for 19% suicidal ideation had stopped postnatally...
May 11, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743105/implementation-of-the-good-school-toolkit-in-uganda-a-quantitative-process-evaluation-of-a-successful-violence-prevention-program
#14
Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Angel Mirembe, Janet Nakuti, Sophie Namy, Jennifer C Child, Joanna Sturgess, Nambusi Kyegombe, Eddy J Walakira, Diana Elbourne, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
BACKGROUND: The Good School Toolkit, a complex behavioural intervention designed by Raising Voices a Ugandan NGO, reduced past week physical violence from school staff to primary students by an average of 42% in a recent randomised controlled trial. This process evaluation quantitatively examines what was implemented across the twenty-one intervention schools, variations in school prevalence of violence after the intervention, factors that influence exposure to the intervention and factors associated with students' experience of physical violence from staff at study endline...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736274/burden-of-physical-psychological-and-social-ill-health-during-and-after-pregnancy-among-women-in-india-pakistan-kenya-and-malawi
#15
Mary McCauley, Barbara Madaj, Sarah A White, Fiona Dickinson, Sarah Bar-Zev, Mamuda Aminu, Pamela Godia, Pratima Mittal, Shamsa Zafar, Nynke van den Broek
Introduction: For every woman who dies during pregnancy and childbirth, many more suffer ill-health, the burden of which is highest in low-resource settings. We sought to assess the extent and types of maternal morbidity. Methods: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study at primary-level and secondary-level healthcare facilities in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi to assess physical, psychological and social morbidity during and after pregnancy. Sociodemographic factors, education, socioeconomic status (SES), quality of life, satisfaction with health, reported symptoms, clinical examination and laboratory investigations were assessed...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724222/factors-associated-with-recent-intimate-partner-violence-experience-amongst-currently-married-women-in-afghanistan-and-health-impacts-of-ipv-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Andrew Gibbs, Julienne Corboz, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is exceedingly common in conflict and post-conflict settings. We first seek to describe factors associated with past 12 month IPV amongst currently married women in Afghanistan, focused on the factors typically assumed to drive IPV. Second, to describe whether IPV is independently associated with a range of health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of currently married Afghan women, comprising the baseline study of a trial to prevent IPV...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716553/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-preschool-based-capacity-building-intervention-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-substance-misuse-in-sri-lanka
#17
Kamalini Lokuge, Polly Wallace, Kalini Subasinghe, Katherine Thurber, Tissa De Silva, Naomi Clarke, Dulshika Waas, Nisansala Liyanage, Udena Attygalle, Bradley Carron-Arthur, Kalyana Rodrigo, Emily Banks, Cate D'Este, Thilini Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: Past research has identified links between intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol misuse and poverty in Sri Lanka. Services that address substance misuse are amongst the few interventions shown to reduce IPV in settings similar to Sri Lanka. This paper describes the protocol for a study examining the impact of a preschool-based capacity building intervention on the prevalence of IPV and substance misuse in parents with children attending preschools, including uptake of available government services...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716397/assessing-protective-factors-for-adolescent-offending-a-conceptually-informed-examination-of-the-savry-and-yls-cmi
#18
Jodi L Viljoen, Aisha K Bhanwer, Catherine S Shaffer, Kevin S Douglas
Although the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) are among the most widely used adolescent risk assessment tools, they conceptualize and measure strengths differently. As such, in this study, we compared the predictive validity of SAVRY Protective Total and YLS/CMI Strength Total, and tested conceptual models of how these measures operate (i.e., risk vs. protective effects, direct vs. buffering effects, causal models). Research assistants conducted 624 risk assessments with 156 youth on probation...
April 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713946/automated-risk-assessment-for-school-violence-a-pilot-study
#19
Drew Barzman, Yizhao Ni, Marcus Griffey, Alycia Bachtel, Kenneth Lin, Hannah Jackson, Michael Sorter, Melissa DelBello
School violence has increased over the past ten years. This study evaluated students using a more standard and sensitive method to help identify students who are at high risk for school violence. 103 participants were recruited through Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) from psychiatry outpatient clinics, the inpatient units, and the emergency department. Participants (ages 12-18) were active students in 74 traditional schools (i.e. non-online education). Collateral information was gathered from guardians before participants were evaluated...
May 1, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708372/using-the-violence-risk-scale-sexual-offense-version-in-sexual-violence-risk-assessments-updated-risk-categories-and-recidivism-estimates-from-a-multisite-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#20
Mark E Olver, James C Mundt, David Thornton, Sarah M Beggs Christofferson, Drew A Kingston, Justina N Sowden, Terry P Nicholaichuk, Audrey Gordon, Stephen C P Wong
The present study sought to develop updated risk categories and recidivism estimates for the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO; Wong, Olver, Nicholaichuk, & Gordon, 2003-2017), a sexual offender risk assessment and treatment planning tool. The overarching purpose was to increase the clarity and accuracy of communicating risk assessment information that includes a systematic incorporation of new information (i.e., change) to modify risk estimates. Four treated samples of sexual offenders with VRS-SO pretreatment, posttreatment, and Static-99R ratings were combined with a minimum follow-up period of 10-years postrelease (N = 913)...
April 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
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