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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352400/project-date-smart-a-dating-violence-dv-and-sexual-risk-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-with-prior-dv-exposure
#1
Christie J Rizzo, Meredith Joppa, David Barker, Charlene Collibee, Caron Zlotnick, Larry K Brown
This study assessed the initial feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an intervention aimed at reducing dating violence and sexual risk behavior in a sample of adolescent girls (ages 14-17) with prior exposure to physical dating violence (DV). One hundred and nine girls were randomly assigned to Date SMART (Skills to Manage Aggression in Relationships for Teens) or a Knowledge-only (KO) comparison group. Both intervention arms consisted of six, weekly 2-h sessions and one "booster" session 6 weeks later...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347837/child-maltreatment-and-physical-victimization-does-heavy-drinking-mediate-the-relationship
#2
Kathryn Z Smith, Philip H Smith, Lindsay M Oberleitner, Emily R Grekin, Sherry A McKee
Past studies examining the child maltreatment (CM)/victimization pathway have been limited by their focus on sexual victimization, narrow windows of assessment, and failure to examine gender differences. In the current study, we sought to examine (1) the impact of CM on physical victimization (PV) trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood and (2) the extent to which heavy drinking mediated the relationship between CM and later PV. Using three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we found that CM was associated with a 69% greater odds of later PV for both genders, after the inclusion of control variables, and that the risk continued into adulthood...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325449/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-young-people-limited-evidence-for-an-association-between-victimization-stress-and-epigenetic-variation-in-blood
#3
Sarah J Marzi, Karen Sugden, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Joe Burrage, David L Corcoran, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Eilis Hannon, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Carmine Pariante, Richie Poulton, Benjamin S Williams, Chloe C Y Wong, Jonathan Mill, Avshalom Caspi
OBJECTIVE: DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which early-life experiences become "embedded" in the genome and alter transcriptional processes to compromise health. The authors sought to investigate whether early-life victimization stress is associated with genome-wide DNA methylation. METHOD: The authors tested the hypothesis that victimization is associated with DNA methylation in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 twins born in England and Wales and assessed at ages 5, 7, 10, 12, and 18 years...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324087/spousal-age-differences-and-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-and-tanzania
#4
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323805/wisconsin-firearm-mortality-2000-2014
#5
Wen-Jan Tuan, John J Frey
BACKGROUND: Despite low firearm mortality rates in Wisconsin, overall firearm fatalities continue to rise in recent years. In 2013, the statewide age-adjusted death rate due to firearms was 9.6 per 100,000 persons, the highest mark since the new millennium. This raises not only public safety concerns, but also raises questions regarding ongoing gun violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population and geographic characteristics of firearm mortality rates on population and geographic characteristics in Wisconsin...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322362/implementing-a-violence-risk-screening-protocol-in-a-civil-psychiatric-setting-preliminary-results-and-clinical-policy-implications
#6
Merrill Rotter, Barry Rosenfeld
Comprehensive violence risk assessment can require substantial time and resources, which may be challenging for an already strapped public mental health system. Herein, we describe a naturalistic study of the Fordham Risk Screening Tool ("FRST"), a violence risk screening instrument designed to quickly identify individuals for whom thorough violence risk assessment would be advisable. All patients admitted to one of three state hospitals during the study period received FRST screening and HCR-20V3 risk assessment...
January 10, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316458/self-reported-violent-ideation-and-its-link-to-interpersonal-violence-among-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-general-psychiatric-patients
#7
Mats Persson, Joakim Sturup, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
This study aims at comparing mentally disordered offenders and general psychiatric patients regarding violent ideation and at exploring its association with interpersonal violence. We recruited 200 detainees undergoing forensic psychiatric evaluation and 390 general psychiatric patients at discharge. At baseline, they were asked about violent ideation; at the 20-week follow-up, information about violent acts was gathered from crime conviction registry, interviews, and records. The lifetime prevalence of violent ideation was 32...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303399/perceived-self-control-is-related-to-mental-distress-in-patients-entering-substance-use-disorder-treatment
#8
Kristine Fiksdal Abel, Ingeborg Skjærvø, Edle Ravndal, Thomas Clausen, Jørgen G Bramness
BACKGROUND: Levels of mental distress are high in patients with substance use disorders (SUD) and investigation of correlates may broaden our understanding of this comorbidity. OBJECTIVES: We investigated self-reported symptoms of mental distress among individuals entering either outpatient opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) or other inpatient SUD treatment and related factors, with a particular focus on perceived self-control. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including substance users (n = 548; mean age 34 years; 27% women) entering treatment at 21 different treatment-centers across Norway, interviewed between December 2012 and April 2015...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302843/a-bayesian-analysis-of-prenatal-maternal-factors-predicting-nonadherence-to-infant-hiv-medication-in-south-africa
#9
R R Cook, K Peltzer, S M Weiss, V J Rodriguez, D L Jones
While efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV been successful in some districts in South Africa, rates remain unacceptably high in others. This study utilized Bayesian logistic regression to examine maternal-level predictors of adherence to infant nevirapine prophylaxis, including intimate partner violence, maternal adherence, HIV serostatus disclosure reaction, recency of HIV diagnosis, and depression. Women (N = 303) were assessed during pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum. Maternal adherence to antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy predicted an 80% reduction in the odds of infant nonadherence [OR 0...
January 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296104/addressing-the-dual-health-epidemics-of-hiv-and-sexual-abuse-among-children-and-adolescents-in-kenya-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#10
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295036/adverse-consequences-to-assisting-victims-of-campus-violence-initial-investigations-among-college-students
#11
Alison Krauss, Ernest N Jouriles, Kristen Yule, John H Grych, Kelli S Sargent, Victoria L Banyard
Despite growing interest in the use of bystander education programs to address the problems of sexual and relationship violence on college campuses, little knowledge exists on adverse consequences experienced by students intervening as a bystander. The current study examined the prevalence and correlates of adverse consequences of bystander intervention in two samples of first-year college students. In Study 1, 281 students completed a measure of negative consequences experienced when acting as a bystander to help someone at risk of sexual assault, relationship abuse, or stalking...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295010/preferences-and-ratings-of-partner-traits-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-abuse-with-ptsd-and-healthy-controls
#12
Klara A Lieberz, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Kathlen Priebe, Franziska Friedmann, Nora Görg, Julia Isabell Herzog, Regina Steil
There is growing empirical evidence for an association between childhood abuse (CA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. We tested whether revictimized survivors of severe to extreme severities of child sexual abuse (CSA) and severe severities of child physical abuse (CPA) differed from nonvictimized healthy controls in their trait preferences in intimate partners and their current mate choice. In a sample of 52 revictimized female patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after CSA/CPA and 52 female healthy controls, the validated Intimate Partner Preferences Questionnaire (IPPQ) was used to assess (a) the desirability of tenderness, dominance, and aggression traits in potential partners, and (b) the presence of these traits in their current intimate partners...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294996/implementing-a-new-tool-to-predict-the-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-china
#13
Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Hugh F Crean, Marsha N Wittink, Eric D Caine, Ko Ling Chan, Peiyuan Qiu
Most of current scales for assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) were developed for Western populations. The Chinese Risk Assessment Tool for Victims (CRAT-V) was a new scale evaluating the risk of IPV, which was developed based on Chinese populations in the context of Chinese culture. To determine whether the CRAT-V could add further value to research involving IPV and violence against women in rural China, we sought to implement the CRAT-V and to explore its factor structure among a rural population in the mainland of China...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294988/aggression-in-children-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence-a-comparison-of-maternal-sibling-and-observer-perspectives
#14
Caroline C Piotrowski, Rose-Marie Tachie, Margherita Cameranesi
The negative effects of exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) on children have been well documented, including externalizing difficulties such as aggression. Although aggressive behavior is a common concern for these children, sibling aggression in children exposed to IPV has rarely been studied. Our purpose was to investigate similarities and differences in multiple informant reports of aggression by siblings exposed to IPV, and to examine how exposure to IPV was linked to these differing perspectives...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294954/effects-of-a-home-visiting-program-on-parenting-mediating-role-of-intimate-partner-violence
#15
M Ann Easterbrooks, Rebecca C Fauth, Renee Lamoreau
Young women aged 18 to 24 years are in the highest risk group for intimate partner violence (IPV), and adolescent mothers are at particularly high risk for IPV and for risky health behaviors. Exposure to IPV may contribute to parenting stress and risky behaviors, and may compromise parenting behavior and healthy child development. The present study examined whether program effects of a statewide home visiting program for adolescent parents on young mothers' parenting stress and risky behaviors measured 2 years post program enrollment were mediated by program effects on their exposure to IPV measured 1 year post enrollment...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294926/exploring-the-correlates-to-depression-in-elder-abuse-victims-abusive-experience-or-individual-characteristics
#16
Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil, Oscar Ribeiro
Depression and depressive symptoms have been studied both as risk factors and consequences of elder abuse, even though the most common cross-sectional design of the studies does not allow inferring cause or consequence relationships. This study estimates the proportion of older adults who screened positive for depressive symptoms among those self-reporting elder abuse and examines whether individual characteristics and/or abusive experience aspects are associated with self-reported depressive symptoms. Participants were 510 older adults self-reporting experiences of abuse in family setting enrolled in the cross-sectional victims' survey of the Aging and Violence Study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294909/the-prediction-of-repeated-violence-among-individuals-with-serious-mental-disorders-situational-versus-dispositional-factors
#17
Michelle N Harris, Brent Teasdale
The question we attempt to answer in this study is why some individuals with serious mental illness engage in repeated violence, while others do not. There appear to be two perspectives that may explain repeated violence: one that emphasizes situational factors and one that emphasizes dispositional factors. Situational factors are those that are constantly changing within one's life, whereas dispositional factors are those that remain relatively stable over time. Therefore, dispositional factors would theoretically put individuals with serious mental illness at stable risk for repeated violence because these factors remain relatively stable over time...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294908/exploring-the-prevalence-and-correlates-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-in-bangladesh
#18
Md Jahirul Islam, Paul Mazerolle, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is known to have multiple detrimental consequences for the woman and potentially for her unborn child. However, little is known about the nature and extent of IPV during pregnancy, particularly in developing countries, which compromises efforts to address the problem. Relying on population-based data, this article examines the extent, patterns, and correlates associated with physical, sexual, and psychological IPV during pregnancy in Bangladesh. Cross-sectional survey data were collected between October 2015 and January 2016 from 426 new mothers, aged 15 to 49 years, who were in the first 6 months postpartum...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294865/domestic-violence-as-a-risk-factor-for-attempted-suicide-in-married-women
#19
Pankajakshan Vijayanthi Indu, Sivaraman Remadevi, Karunakaran Vidhukumar, Peer Mohammed Shah Navas, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Nanoo Subha
High rates of suicide attempts and domestic violence (DV) in women of reproductive age group have been reported from South India, but the association between them was not studied. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess whether DV is a risk factor for attempted suicide in married women of reproductive age group. A hospital-based case-control study with 77 incident cases of attempted suicide in married women of the age group of 18 to 45 years and 153 controls belonging to the same age group, without history of suicide attempt, was undertaken over a period of 6 months...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294855/psychological-violence-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-predominantly-african-american-women
#20
Bina Ali, Mona Mittal, Allison Schroder, Najah Ishman, Sylvia Quinton, Bradley Boekeloo
Physical and sexual violence are commonly researched as risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, psychological violence and its relationship with HIV risk behaviors have received limited attention among African American/Black (Black) women. This study examined (a) the frequency of recent (past 3 months) psychological violence, physical violence, and sexual violence and (b) the association of HIV risk behaviors, including unprotected sex, sex under the influence of alcohol/drugs, and sex exchange for money/drugs/shelter, with psychological violence...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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