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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330335/income-gaps-in-self-rated-poor-health-and-its-association-with-life-expectancy-in-245-districts-of-south-korea
#1
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Sung-Cheol Yun, Young-Ho Khang
Objectives: This study was conducted to examine income gaps in self-rated poor health at the district level of South Korea and to present geographical correlations among self-rated poor health, life expectancy, and their income gaps. Methods: We analyzed 1,578,189 subjects derived from the Community Health Survey data of South Korea collected between 2008 and 2014. The age-standardized prevalences of self-rated poor health and their income gaps were calculated. Prior results on life expectancy and its income gaps were used also...
March 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330313/optimization-of-process-parameters-for-enhanced-production-of-jamun-juice-using-pectinase-aspergillus-aculeatus-enzyme-and-its-characterization
#2
Payel Ghosh, Rama Chandra Pradhan, Sabyasachi Mishra
Jamun fruit comprises of seed and thick pulp. The pectin-protein bond of the thick pulp creates difficulty in making juice. Clear Jamun juice is not available in the market, so there is a need for extraction of juice with maximum yield. The goal of this research is to obtain high yield of clarified juice with the help of Pectinase (Aspergillus aculeatus) enzyme. The study was conducted at different enzyme concentration (0.01-0.1%), time duration (40-120 min), and temperature (30-50 °C). Various physical and chemical parameters, such as yield, turbidity, viscosity, clarity, colour, polyphenol, protein, TSS, and total solid, were measured as dependent variables...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330305/studies-on-coexistence-of-mec-gene-is256-and-novel-sasx-gene-among-human-clinical-coagulase-negative-staphylococci
#3
K R Soumya, Sheela Sugathan, Jyothis Mathew, E K Radhakrishnan
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) are major nosocomial pathogens which cause device-related infections. Presence of various virulence factors along with methicillin resistance favor improved CoNS pathogenicity and their dissemination among population. In the present study, mec gene prevalence was analyzed along with SCC mec diversity among 55 human clinical CoNS isolates. PCR screening of insertion sequence (IS256) was also conducted to elucidate their association with methicillin resistance among selected CoNS species...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330300/carbon-quantum-dots-shuttle-electrons-to-the-anode-of-a-microbial-fuel-cell
#4
A S Vishwanathan, Kartik S Aiyer, L A A Chunduri, K Venkataramaniah, S Siva Sankara Sai, Govind Rao
Electrodes based on graphite, graphene, and carbon nanomaterials have been used in the anode chamber of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Carbon quantum dots (C-dots) are a class of versatile nanomaterials hitherto not reported in MFCs. C-dots previously synthesized from coconut husk were reported to possess hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups on their surface. The presence of these functional groups on a carbon matrix conferred on the C-dots the ability to conduct and transfer electrons. Formation of silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate upon addition of C-dots confirmed their reducing ability...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330296/application-of-pectinases-for-recovery-of-grape-seeds-phenolics
#5
Petra Štambuk, Dora Tomašković, Ivana Tomaz, Luna Maslov, Domagoj Stupić, Jasminka Karoglan Kontić
Grape marc seeds contain large amounts of different polyphenolic compounds so they can be used for the recovery of these classes of compounds. A new green extraction method for the recovery of phenols from the grape seeds was developed. To provide a high quality extract sourced from natural product by using enzymes as alternative solvents and spending less energy, it is impeccable to call this method "green". Furthermore, this method was optimized by finding out which conditions provide the best possible results and achieving the maximum recovery of polyphenols from grape seeds...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330290/successful-cloning-of-an-adult-breeding-boar-from-the-novel-chinese-guike-no-1-swine-specialized-strain
#6
Jun-Yu Nie, Xiang-Xing Zhu, Bing-Kun Xie, Su-Qun Nong, Qing-Yan Ma, Hui-Yan Xu, Xiao-Gan Yang, Yang-Qing Lu, Ke-Huan Lu, Yu-Ying Liao, Sheng-Sheng Lu
Somatic cloning, also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), is a promising technology which has been expected to rapidly extend the population of elaborately selected breeding boars with superior production performance. Chinese Guike No. 1 pig breed is a novel swine specialized strain incorporated with the pedigree background of Duroc and Chinese Luchuan pig breeds, thus inherits an excellent production performance. The present study was conducted to establish somatic cloning procedures of adult breeding boars from the Chinese Guike No...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330262/biodegradation-of-isoproturon-by-pseudoxanthomonas-sp-isolated-from-herbicide-treated-wheat-fields-of-tarai-agro-ecosystem-pantnagar
#7
Krishna Giri, Shailseh Pandey, Rajesh Kumar, J P N Rai
A gram-negative, rod-shaped, isoproturon (IPU) utilizing bacterium was isolated from herbicide-applied wheat fields of Tarai agro-ecosystem, Pantnagar. The phylogenetic sequence analysis based on 16S rRNA sequence revealed that the isolate could be a distinct species within the genus Pseudomonas. The isolate was a close relative of Pseudoxanthomonas japonensis (95 % similarity) and designated as K2. The bacterial isolate showed positive reaction for oxidase, catalase, and 20 carbohydrates using KB009 Part A and B HiCarbohydrate™ Kit...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330201/dual-action-of-chromium-reducing-and-nitrogen-fixing-bacillus-megaterium-asnf3-for-improved-agro-rehabilitation-of-chromium-stressed-soils
#8
Sumaira Aslam, Ali Hussain, Javed Iqbal Qazi
We conducted a study for enhanced biological rehabilitation of chromium-contaminated soils using a chromium-reducing and nitrogen-fixing bacterial species (Bacillus megaterium-ASNF3). The bacterial species was isolated from a chromium-rich land area, characterized, and employed under optimum conditions for the treatment of artificially prepared chromium-rich soil. The bacterium reduced Cr(VI) up to 86 % in a 60-day trial of incubation in the soil bioreactor. The nitrogenase activity of the bacterium yielded up to 486 nmol of ethylene/mL/h after an incubation period of 40 days when it was optimally cultured in growth medium at neutral pH and 30 °C...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330198/pretreatment-and-enzymatic-process-modification-strategies-to-improve-efficiency-of-sugar-production-from-sugarcane-bagasse
#9
Siddhartha Pal, Shereena Joy, Kalpana D Trimukhe, Pramod S Kumbhar, Anjani J Varma, Sasisanker Padmanabhan
Pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis play a critical role in the economic production of sugars and fuels from lignocellulosic biomass. In this study, we evaluated diverse pilot-scale pretreatments and different post-pretreatment strategies for the production of fermentable sugars from sugarcane bagasse. For the pretreatment of bagasse at pilot-scale level, steam explosion without catalyst and combination of sulfuric and oxalic acids at low and high loadings were used. Subsequently, to enhance the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of the pretreated bagasse, three different post-pretreatment process schemes were investigated...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330148/influence-of-tebuconazole-and-copper-hydroxide-on-phosphatase-and-urease-activities-in-red-sandy-loam-and-black-clay-soils
#10
B Anuradha, A Rekhapadmini, V Rangaswamy
The efficacy of two selected fungicides i.e., tebuconazole and coppoer hydroxide, was conducted experiments in laboratory and copper hydroxide on the two specific enzymes phosphatase and urease were determined in two different soil samples (red sandy loam and black clay soils) of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) from cultivated fields of Anantapuramu District, Andhra Pradesh. The activities of the selected soil enzymes were determined by incubating the selected fungicides-treated (1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0 kg ha(-1)) and -untreated groundnut soil samples at 10 day intervals...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330104/purification-and-characterization-of-the-enzymes-involved-in-nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-degradation-by-penicillium-brevicompactum-nrc-829
#11
Thanaa Hamed Ali, Dina Helmy El-Ghonemy
The present study was conducted to investigate a new pathway for the degradation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) by Penicillium brevicompactum NRC 829 extracts. Enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of NAD, i.e. alkaline phosphatase, aminohydrolase and glycohydrolase were determined. Alkaline phosphatase was found to catalyse the sequential hydrolysis of two phosphate moieties of NAD molecule to nicotinamide riboside plus adenosine. Adenosine was then deaminated by aminohydrolase to inosine and ammonia...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330012/mechanical-thrombectomy-for-minor-and-mild-stroke-patients-harboring-large-vessel-occlusion-in-the-anterior-circulation-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#12
Cyril Dargazanli, Caroline Arquizan, Arturo Consoli, Benjamin Gory, Omer Eker, Xavier Ayrignac, Jean-Pierre Decroix, Astrid Corlobé, Isabelle Mourand, Grégory Gascou, Mahmoud Charif, Julien Labreuche, Alain Duhamel, Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Hocine Redjem, Gabriele Ciccio, Stanislas Smajda, Carlos Riquelme, Oguzhan Coskun, Jean-Philippe Desilles, Frédéric Bourdain, Roberto Riva, Mikael Obadia, Francis Turjman, Georges Rodesch, Pierre Labauge, Alain Bonafé, Mikael Mazighi, Vincent Costalat, Michel Piotin, Raphaël Blanc, Bertrand Lapergue
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) is present in up to 30% of minor strokes. There is no proven effectiveness of MT in the subgroup of minor stroke with LVO in the anterior circulation and data about mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in this subgroup of patients are sparse, with optimal management of these patients being yet not definitely addressed. The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate MT in patients suffering from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and LVO in the anterior circulation, presenting with minor to mild stroke symptoms (NIHSS<8)...
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329947/-air-pollution-and-adverse-birth-outcome-in-china-a-comprehensive-review
#13
P F Zhu, Y Zhang, J Ban, T T Li, X M Shi
Objective: To summarize the progress in the research of the association between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes in China. Methods: A literature retrieval was conducted by using the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, Pubmed, Science Direct, and Web of Science to select relevant research papers published before 30(th), June 2016 in China according to inclusion criteria. Finally, 27 papers were included in analysis. Results: Exposure to particulate matter (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)), total suspended particles (TSP) during pregnancy might increase risk for low birth weight; exposure to PM(10), SO(2), NO(2) during pregnancy might increase risk for premature birth; and exposure to SO(2), NO(2), ozone (O(3)), and PM(10) during pregnancy might increase risk for congenital heart diseases and other birth defects...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329946/-a-cohort-study-on-association-between-the-first-trimester-phthalates-exposure-and-fasting-blood-glucose-level-in-the-third-trimester
#14
Y W Zhang, H Gao, K Huang, Y Y Xu, J Sheng, F B Tao
Objective: To examine the association between the phthalate exposure in the first trimester and fasting blood glucose level or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the third trimester in pregnant women. Methods: A total of 3 474 pregnant women, receiving their prenatal examination in Ma' anshan Maternal and Child Health-Care Hospital of Anhui province, were selected from May 2013 to September 2014. Questionnaires were used to collect the information about their socio-demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics and GDM diagnostic results in the first, second and third trimesters...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329943/-association-between-ambient-pm-l0-pm-2-5-concentration-and-outpatient-department-visits-due-to-respiratory-disease-in-a-hospital-in-jinan-2013-2015-a-time-series-analysis
#15
M J Zhao, X Y Geng, L L Cui, J W Zhou, J Zhang
Objective: To estimate the influence of the ambient PM(l0) and PM(2.5) pollution on the hospital outpatient department visit due to respiratory diseases in local residents in Jinan quantitatively. Methods: Time serial analysis using generalized addictive model (GAM) was conducted. After controlling the confounding factors, such as long term trend, weekly pattern and meteorological factors, considering lag effect and the influence of other air pollutants, the excess relative risks of daily hospital visits associated with increased ambient PM(10) and PM(2...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329942/-analysis-of-survival-and-influencing-factors-of-hiv-aids-patients-in-tianjin-2004-2014
#16
Z Q Liu, N Zhou, J Y Bai, Y Guo, M H Yu
Objective: To understand the survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin. Methods: The data of HIV/AIDS cases reported in Tianjin during 2004-2014, which were collected from National AIDS Prevention and Control Information System, were analyzed by using life table and Kaplan Meier method to calculate survival time and the survival rate, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for survival time. Results: For the 2 775 HIV/AIDS patients, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 10 years and 11 years cumulative survival rates were 91%, 88%, 86%, 79% and 79% respectively...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329937/-correlation-between-self-reported-gingival-bleeding-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-adults-in-china
#17
Q Zhang, Z X Li, Y Yang, C X Wang, L M Wang, L H Wang
Objective: To understand the correlation between self-reported gingival bleeding and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adults in China. Methods: The database of China' s 2010 Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance (CCDRFS) survey among people aged ≥18 years was used to analyze the demographic characteristics of subjects with self-reporting gingival bleeding and the prevalence of major chronic diseases among adults. Correlation and interaction analyses were conducted on the relationships between frequent gingival bleeding and T2DM, hypertension and dyslipidemia, and interaction of age and gingival bleeding, age and hypertension, age and dyslipidemia, age and gender on the prevalence of T2DM...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329933/-study-on-hiv-1-subtype-among-elderly-male-clients-and-female-sex-workers-of-low-cost-venues-in-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-china
#18
Y Q Deng, J J Li, N Y Fang, B Wang, J W Wang, S S Liang, Z Y Shen, G H Lan, H M Zhang, X H Wu, H X Lu, X M Ge
Objective: To understand HIV-1 subtype characteristics and transmission clusters in elderly male clients and female sex workers (FSWs) of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in FSWs and elderly male clients (≥50 years) of low-cost commercial sex venues in 4 cities and 9 counties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by convenient sampling in 2012. The blood sample was collected from each case for HIV-1 antibody detection...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329932/-an-investigation-on-immunological-effect-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-amongst-adult-population-in-high-labor-export-rural-regions-under-4-different-strategies
#19
X Y Zheng, Z H Ji, Z W Guo, Y W Liu, Z J Shao, Y P Yan
Objective: To grope for an ideal immune strategy in grown-ups via comparison of immunological effects under 4 different vaccination schemes. Methods: Study population was selected by stratified random cluster sampling. A total of 4 different vaccination proposals, including Strategy A (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-6 months), Strategy B (2 doses, 20 μg, administrated into the bilateral deltoid muscles simultaneously), Strategy C (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-2 months) and Strategy D (2 doses, 10 μg, administrated to the bilateral deltoid muscles at the same time), were conducted in Liangzhou, Minqin Gulang, and the Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomic county respectively, in Wuwei city, Gansu province...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329928/-acute-effect-of-air-pollutants-carbon-monoxide-and-ozone-on-myocardial-infarction-mortality-in-ningbo
#20
X J Qian, G X Li, T F He, H Li, J Huang, G Z Xu, X B Guo, L Li
Objective: To explore the effect of carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O(3)) in the air on the myocardial infarction mortality in Ningbo, Zhejiang province, from 2011 to 2015. Methods: The data of daily air quality surveillance and the causes of deaths in Ningbo from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 were collected and the time series study using a generalized additive model was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the mortality of myocardial infarction and the air pollutants after adjustment for the long-term trend of death, weather conditions," days of the week" and other confounding factors...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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