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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441856/-clinical-value-of-the-early-use-of-ulinastatin-in-patients-with-moderately-severe-or-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#1
J Wang, J Jin, J Huang, D R Li, Y Hao, J D Kong, Z Y Chu, J H Fu, F Huang
Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy and the effects on serum inflammatory factors of early use of ulinastatin in patients with moderately severe or severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP/SAP). Methods: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from September 2013 to May 2016. A total of 42 cases were enrolled and assigned into either observation group or conventional treatment group (n=21 each). The conventional treatment group received somatostatin, while the observation group received somatostatin combined with ulinastatin...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441852/-clinical-presentation-of-kleine-levin-syndrome
#2
Y Hu, J Y Wang, X S Dong, J Li, H Yan, P P Wang, L Zhao, X Z Zhang, F Han
Objective: To analyze the clinical features of Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) patients. Methods: Clinical data of 44 patients with KLS of the Sleep Center of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2002 to July 2013 were systematically reviewed. The predisposing factors and clinical presentations were summarized, and compared with the data from a Western KLS study with a large subjects number. Nocturnal polysomnography (PSG) and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were conducted during relapse and remission period, respectively...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441849/-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-percutaneous-ventricular-septal-defect-closure-under-solely-guidance-of-echocardiography
#3
Y Liu, G L Guo, W B Ouyang, M Z Li, X B Pan
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of percutaneous ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure under solely guidance of echocardiography and fluoroscopy. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Fuwai Hospital, between February 2014 and February 2015. The patients were divided into two groups. VSD closure was conducted in 42 patients under solely guidance of echocardiography, and 100 patients who were treated with percutaneous catheter closure under fluoroscopy guidance were selected as a control group...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441837/-characteristics-of-pre-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosed-during-pregnancy-and-the-effects-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
Y M Wei, H X Yang
Objective: To analyze the characteristics of pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) diagnosed during pregnancy (missed diagnosis before pregnancy), and to evaluate the effects of diagnostic time on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A retrospective study of 746 pregnant women who were diagnosed PGDM and delivered in Peking University First Hospital from January 1st, 2005 to December 31st, 2015 was conducted. The patients were divided into 2 group. Those diagnosed PGDM before pregnancy were defined as Group diagnosed before pregnancy, and those diagnosed during pregnancy were defined as Group diagnosed during pregnancy...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441821/-assessment-of-undiagnosed-critical-congenital-heart-disease-before-discharge-from-the-maternity-hospital
#5
Q M Zhao, F Liu, L Wu, M Ye, B Jia, X J Ma, G Y Huang
Objective: Undiagnosed critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) was assessed before discharge from maternity hospital.Basic information was provided for screening CCHD in the early neonatal stage.Chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical variables(detection rate of different types of CCHD). Method: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in neonates with CCHD who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Fudan University between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For comparing with the previously reported undiagnosed rate of CCHD at discharge, CCHD was defined as all duct dependent congenital heart disease (DDCHD) and any cyanotic CHD that required early surgery...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441793/patterns-beliefs-norms-and-perceived-harms-of-hookah-smoking-in-north-iran
#6
Rahman Berdi Ozouni Davaji, Yousef Dadban Shahamat, Farshid Hajili Davaji, Kamal Mirkarimi, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Bagher Pahlavanzadeh, Navisa Sadat Seydghasemi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Mitra Moodi, Ayoub Elahi
Introduction: Hookah smoking is considered as a public health threat around the globe. The aim of this study was to investigatethe hookah smoking patterns, beliefs, norms and perceived harms in Golestan province of Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 395 hookah smokers using convenience sampling method in 2015. To collect data, Heinz’s hookah patternwas utilized. Ordinal regression models were used to exploring of covariates related to the odds of life time, last-30-day, and current hookah use...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441792/urinary-iodine-concentrations-in-cancer-patients
#7
Saeed Kargar, Seyed Mostafa Shiryazdi, Seyed Reza Atashi, Hossein Neamatzadeh, Mahdieh Kamali
Background: It has been suggested that incidence of some cancers, especially examples in the breast and stomach may be influenced by the iodine intake. However, only few studies are available at present. Therefore, we have conducted the present assessment of iodine status in Iranian patients diagnosed with a malignancy. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 85 patients diagnosed with different types of cancer at Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd, Iran. The method used was based on the Sandell–Kolthoff reaction...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441784/tim-3-up-regulation-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-peptic-ulcer-disease
#8
Mahdieh aghavi-Alhosseini, Mohsen Tehrani, Abolghasem Ajami, Alireza Rafiei, Tarang Taghvaei, Laleh Vahedi-Larijani, Hadi Hossein-Nataj, Hossein Asgarian-Omran
Background: T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain protein-3 (Tim-3), an inhibitory immunoregulatory receptor, has been recently implicated in tumor biology and tumor-associated immune suppression. In the present study, expression of Tim-3 was evaluated in gastric cancer (GC) and peptic ulcer disease (PUD) at both mRNA and protein levels. Methods: A total of 133 gastric tissue biopsies, comprising 43 from GC cases, 48 from PUD and 42 from non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) serving as controls were collected. Additionally, non-neoplastic adjacent tissue biopsies were also obtained from 6 patients with GC...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441766/fat-mass-is-positively-associated-with-estimated-hip-bone-strength-among-chinese-men-aged-50-years-and-above-with-low-levels-of-lean-mass
#9
Guiyuan Han, Yu-Ming Chen, Hua Huang, Zhanyong Chen, Lipeng Jing, Su-Mei Xiao
This study investigated the relationships of fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) with estimated hip bone strength in Chinese men aged 50-80 years (median value: 62.0 years). A cross-sectional study including 889 men was conducted in Guangzhou, China. Body composition and hip bone parameters were generated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The relationships of the LM index (LMI) and the FM index (FMI) with bone phenotypes were detected by generalised additive models and multiple linear regression. The associations between the FMI and the bone variables in LMI tertiles were further analysed...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441763/improving-passive-time-reversal-underwater-acoustic-communications-using-subarray-processing
#10
Chengbing He, Lianyou Jing, Rui Xi, Qinyuan Li, Qunfei Zhang
Multichannel receivers are usually employed in high-rate underwater acoustic communication to achieve spatial diversity. In the context of multichannel underwater acoustic communications, passive time reversal (TR) combined with a single-channel adaptive decision feedback equalizer (TR-DFE) is a low-complexity solution to achieve both spatial and temporal focusing. In this paper, we present a novel receiver structure to combine passive time reversal with a low-order multichannel adaptive decision feedback equalizer (TR-MC-DFE) to improve the performance of the conventional TR-DFE...
April 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441744/production-of-laccase-by-a-new-myrothecium-verrucaria-md-r-16-isolated-from-pigeon-pea-cajanus-cajan-l-millsp-and-its-application-on-dye-decolorization
#11
Jiao Sun, Na Guo, Li-Li Niu, Qing-Fang Wang, Yu-Ping Zang, Yuan-Gang Zu, Yu-Jie Fu
The present study was conducted to screen a laccase-producing fungal endophyte, optimize fermentation conditions, and evaluate the decolorization ability of the laccase. A new fungal endophyte capable of laccase-producing was firstly isolated from pigeon pea and identified as Myrothecium verrucaria based on a ITS-rRNA sequences analysis. Meanwhile, various fermentation parameters on the laccase production were optimized via response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal fermentation conditions were a fermentation time of five days, temperature 30 °C and pH 6...
April 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441731/polyphenolic-compounds-and-digestive-enzymes-in-vitro-non-covalent-interactions
#12
REVIEW
Alejandra I Martinez-Gonzalez, Ángel G Díaz-Sánchez, Laura A de la Rosa, Claudia L Vargas-Requena, Ismael Bustos-Jaimes, And Emilio Alvarez-Parrilla
The digestive enzymes-polyphenolic compounds (PCs) interactions behind the inhibition of these enzymes have not been completely studied. The existing studies have mainly analyzed polyphenolic extracts and reported inhibition percentages of catalytic activities determined by UV-Vis spectroscopy techniques. Recently, pure PCs and new methods such as isothermal titration calorimetry and circular dichroism have been applied to describe these interactions. The present review focuses on PCs structural characteristics behind the inhibition of digestive enzymes, and progress of the used methods...
April 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441720/association-of-polyphenol-biomarkers-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
REVIEW
Johanna Rienks, Janett Barbaresko, Ute Nöthlings
Epidemiologic studies have suggested an inverse association between flavonoids and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the results might have been influenced by the use of dietary assessment methods, which are error prone. The aim of this paper was to systematically review and analyse the literature for evidence of associations between polyphenol biomarkers and CVD and mortality risk in observational studies. Eligible studies were identified through PubMed, Web of Science, and reference lists. Multivariable adjusted associations were extracted...
April 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441709/association-of-cyp3a5-3-and-cyp1a1-2c-polymorphism-with-development-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-egyptian-patients
#14
Nahed Abd El Wahab, Nevine F Shafik, Roxan E Shafik, Sherin A Taha, Hanan E Shafik, Amira D Darwish
Aim: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme catalyzes the phase I metabolism reaction which metabolize endogenous and exogenous DNA-reactive chemical compounds and xenobiotics which could induce genotoxicity and increase the risk for leukemia. We aimed to detect frequency of CYP3A5*3 and CYP1A1*2C polymorphisms in Egyptian acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to determine role of allele’s variants as a risk factor for developing leukemia. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was conducted on seventy acute myeloid leukemia patients and thirty control subjects...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441704/a-study-of-alcohol-consumption-and-obesity-as-main-risk-factor-for-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-a-case-control-study
#15
Byung Hyo Cha, Ban Seok Lee, Sang Hyub Lee, Seung Joo Kang, Min Jung Park
Background: Gallbladder stone (GBS) is a common gastrointestinal disease that can progress to severe cholecystitis and is a strong risk factor for gallbladder cancer (GBC). The present study was conducted to evaluate region-specific causes of GBS which was proved as major risk factor for GBC in Jeju Island, Korea. Methods: Age and sex match case-control study was performed among 171 pairs of case and controls. The cases were patients who were diagnosed with GBS, had definite clinical symptoms, and underwent a cholecystectomy in Cheju Halla General Hospital, Jeju, Korea during 2010-2014...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441697/hypertension-management-in-a-population-of-older-adults-in-rural-south-africa
#16
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Ryan G Wagner, Alisha Wade, Till W Bärnighausen, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
OBJECTIVE: Assess awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, as an indication of its management, in rural South Africa, especially regarding modifiers of these variables. METHODS: A population-representative sample of adults aged at least 40 years residing in the rural Agincourt subdistrict (Mpumalanga Province) covered by a long-term health and sociodemographic surveillance system was recruited. In-person interviews, physical exams, and dried blood spots were collected...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441680/magnetic-resonance-imaging-safety-of-magnetically-controlled-growing-rods-in-an-in-vivo-animal-model
#17
Mehmet Eroglu, Gokhan Demirkiran, Ismail Aykut Kocyigit, Hasan Bilgili, Mehmet Burak Kaynar, Ali Bumin, Sadan Ozcan, Muharrem Yazici
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interaction between magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGRs) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Growing rod treatment through serial operations results in adverse effects on the patient and high treatment costs. MCGRs can be lengthened noninvasively in an outpatient setting and with lower treatment costs. When MRI investigation is required, the interaction between MCGRs and MRI is an issue of concern in patients with MCGRs...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441666/a-microrna-124-polymorphism-is-associated-with-fracture-healing-via-modulating-bmp6-expression
#18
Lin Zou, Guichun Zhang, Lifeng Liu, Chen Chen, Xuecheng Cao, Jinfang Cai
BACKGROUND: miR-124-3p has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases by modulating a variety of signaling pathways. In this study, we aimed to understand the impact of miR-124-3p expression level on the fracture healing in the patients of metaphyseal fracture of distal tibia, who received minimal invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis. METHODS: We firstly collected 195 patients of metaphyseal fracture of distal tibia, and the genotype of rs531564 was determined: GG (n=124) and GC+CC (n=71)...
April 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441655/cutaneous-complications-related-to-tattoos-31-cases-from-finland
#19
Nicolas Kluger
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous complications related to permanent tattoos affect 2-30% of those patients who have tattooed their skin. Little is known about the cases of tattoo complications in Finland. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective review of a series of Finnish patients with cutaneous tattoo reactions. METHODS: We collected cases of tattoo reactions from the Department of Dermatology at Helsinki University Central Hospital, from members of the Finnish dermatological society and from various other sources (author's private practice, tattooists, professional internet forum)...
April 26, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441633/a-health-intervention-or-a-kitchen-appliance-household-costs-and-benefits-of-a-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstove-in-malawi
#20
Katie Cundale, Ranjeeta Thomas, Jullita Kenala Malava, Deborah Havens, Kevin Mortimer, Lesong Conteh
Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality for children under five years in sub-Saharan Africa. Household air pollution has been found to increase risk of pneumonia, especially due to exposure from dirty burning biomass fuels. It has been suggested that advanced stoves, which burn fuel more efficiently and reduce smoke emissions, may help to reduce household air pollution in poor, rural settings. This qualitative study aims to provide an insight into the household costs and perceived benefits from use of the stove in Malawi...
April 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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