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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823091/trauma-ptsd-and-the-developing-brain
#2
REVIEW
Ryan J Herringa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: PTSD in youth is common and debilitating. In contrast to adult PTSD, relatively little is known about the neurobiology of pediatric PTSD, nor how neurodevelopment may be altered. This review summarizes recent neuroimaging studies in pediatric PTSD and discusses implications for future study. RECENT FINDINGS: Pediatric PTSD is characterized by abnormal structure and function in neural circuitry supporting threat processing and emotion regulation...
August 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823088/electrical-signals-triggered-controllable-formation-of-calcium-alginate-film-for-wound-treatment
#3
Xiaoli Liu, Huan Liu, Xue Qu, Miao Lei, Chuchu Zhang, Hua Hong, Gregory F Payne, Changsheng Liu
Wound dressings play important roles in the management of wounds, and calcium cross-linked alginate (Ca(2+)-Alg) is a commonly used hydrogel that is adapted for wound treatment. However, conventional methods for fabricating Ca(2+)-Alg hydrogels can be tedious and difficult to control because of the rapid Ca(2+)-induced gelation of alginate. In this study, An electrodeposition method was used to rapidly and controllably fabricate Ca(2+)-Alg films for wound treatment. Several measures of film growth (e.g., thickness and mass) are shown to linearly correlate to the imposed charge transfer at the electrode...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823075/refractive-corneal-and-ocular-residual-astigmatism-distribution-in-a-german-population-and-age-dependency-the-gutenberg-health-study
#4
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Norbert Pfeiffer, Andreas Schulz, René Hoehn, Katharina A Ponto, Philipp S Wild, Maria Blettner, Manfred E Beutel, Karl J Lackner, Thomas Münzel, Alireza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: Worldwide, the most frequent cause of visual impairment is uncorrected refractive error. This analysis focused on the distribution and associations of refractive, corneal and ocular residual astigmatism. METHODS: As part of the Gutenberg Health study, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the general population of Germany. A comprehensive ophthalmological examination including refraction, tonometry, and Scheimpflug imaging of the anterior cornea (Pachycam) was performed...
August 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823069/current-status-of-cattle-production-system-in-nyagatare-district-rwanda
#5
Eugene Mazimpaka, Francis Mbuza, Tukei Michael, Eugene N Gatari, E M Bukenya, Okwee-Acai James
A study was conducted to characterize the cattle production systems in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province of Rwanda using pre-tested questionnaires, interviews with key informants as well as focus group discussions in a period of 2 months. The respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling at sector and cell levels. Based on the procedure of Krejcie and Morgan (Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:607-610, 1970) to determine the overall sample size, the result indicated that the majority (98.3%) of farms were privately owned by large families of five to seven members, and most farmers (53...
August 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#6
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822971/second-hand-smoke-exposure-in-homes-with-children-assessment-of-airborne-nicotine-in-the-living-room-and-children-s-bedroom
#7
Teresa Arechavala, Xavier Continente, Mónica Pérez-Ríos, Anna Schiaffino, Esteve Fernandez, Núria Cortés-Francisco, Francesc Centrich, Glòria Muñoz, Maria J López
BACKGROUND: The introduction of 'smoke-free laws' has reduced the population's exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS), although SHS is still an issue in homes and other public places. Children are vulnerable to its health effects, and their greatest exposure occurs at home. OBJECTIVES: To assess airborne nicotine concentration of the living room and children's bedroom of homes with children under 13 years of age, and to analyse factors associated with these levels...
August 19, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822953/xylanase-from-acinetobacter-pittii-mask-25-and-developed-magnetic-cross-linked-xylanase-aggregate-produce-predominantly-xylopentose-and-xylohexose-from-agro-biomass
#8
Anjali Purohit, Shushil Kumar Rai, Manisha Chownk, Rajender Singh Sangwan, Sudesh Kumar Yadav
Most of the chemical and biochemical processes used for the de-polymerization of structural polymers of lignocellulosic biomass are environment unfriendly and costly. Here an efficient process based on xylanase, produced by Acinetobacter pittii MASK25 (MTCC 25132), hydrolysis of only physically treated rice straw and corn cob has been developed for the production of xylooligosaccharides. Bacterial strain isolated from soil was found to produce maximum xylanase at 30°C and pH 7. While the optimum temperature and pH of xylanase were characterized as 40°C and 5...
August 9, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822920/are-frailty-components-associated-with-disability-in-specific-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-multicenter-canadian-study
#9
Véronique Provencher, François Béland, Louise Demers, Johanne Desrosiers, Nathalie Bier, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Claude Galand, Dominic Julien, John D Fletcher, Lise Trottier, Benyahia Hami
Current studies show the relevance of geriatric prevention and rehabilitation programs to slow down the development of disability in community-dwelling older adults who are becoming frail. This evidence reveals the importance of improving knowledge on how individual components of frailty and specific disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) are related, to offer early, targeted, and tailored interventions. The objective was to examine the association between each of the five frailty phenotype components (weakness, slowness, exhaustion, low physical activity, weight loss) and disability in specific ADL pertaining to physical aspects (bathing, dressing, cutting toe nails, transportation, shopping, housekeeping, food purchasing, food preparation) and cognitive aspects (finances, telephone, medication)...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822919/neighborhood-environment-walkability-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#10
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung
This study examined the associations between walkability related environmental attributes (WREA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older adults in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 participants (women = 233; mean age = 74.4 years) living in urban communities. Independent variables included residential density, land use mix-diversity, land use mix-access, street connectivity, infrastructure for walking, aesthetics, traffic hazards, crime, access to parking, lack of cul-de-sacs, hilliness, and physical barriers...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822903/uterine-clinical-findings-fertility-rate-leucocyte-migration-and-cox-2-protein-levels-in-the-endometrial-tissue-of-susceptible-mares-treated-with-platelet-rich-plasma-before-and-after-ai
#11
Lorenzo G Segabinazzi, Aime M Friso, Sebastian B Correal, André M Crespilho, José Antonio Dell'Aqua, Jordi Miró, Frederico O Papa, Marco Antonio Alvarenga
Persistent mating-induced endometritis (PMIE) results in decreased fertility in horses, thereby causing a significant impact in the horse market. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a modulator of the inflammatory response, has been largely used in veterinary medicine. Here, we investigated the effects of PRP on uterine inflammation, conception rate, endometrial polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) migration, and COX-2 protein levels in the endometrial tissue. Thirteen PMIE-susceptible mares were used for artificial insemination (AI)...
August 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822890/production-of-a-novel-monoclonal-antibody-applicable-for-an-immunochromatographic-assay-for-kudoa-septempunctata-spores-contaminating-the-raw-olive-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#12
Michio Jinnai, Takao Kawai, Tetsuya Harada, Yasutaka Nishiyama, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Sho Shirakashi, Hiroshi Sato, Junko Sakata, Yuko Kumeda, Yutaka Fukuda, Kikuyo Ogata, Kentaro Kawatsu
Kudoa septempunctata, a myxosporean parasite of the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), causes foodborne gastroenteritis after ingestion of contaminated raw flounder. Available methods to detect K. septempunctata require expensive equipment, well-trained personnel, and lengthy procedures. Here we generated a novel monoclonal antibody (MAb 15G11) against K. septempunctata and used it to produce a prototype immunochromatographic assay (prototype Kudoa-ICA). Within 15min, the prototype Kudoa-ICA detected ≥1...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822848/tetracarboxy-phthalocyanines-from-excited-state-dynamics-to-photodynamic-inactivation-against-bovine-herpesvirus-type-1
#13
Leandro H Z Cocca, Taise M A Oliveira, Fernando Gotardo, Amanda V Teles, Ricardo Menegatti, Jonathas P Siqueira, Cleber R Mendonça, Luiz A M Bataus, Anderson O Ribeiro, Thalita F M Souza, Guilherme R L Souza, Pablo J Gonçalves, Leonardo De Boni
Herein we present the excited state dynamic of zinc and aluminum tetracarboxy-phthalocyanines (ZnPc and AlPc) and its application in the photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) in vitro. The excited state dynamic provides valuable data to describe the excited state properties of potential optical limiters and/or photosensitizers (PSs), such as: the excited state cross-sections, fluorescence lifetime and triplet state quantum yield. The excited state characterization was performed using three different Z-scan techniques: Single Pulse, White Light Continuum and Pulse Train...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822839/decreased-surface-expression-of-the-%C3%AE-subunit-of-the-gabaa-receptor-contributes-to-reduced-tonic-inhibition-in-dentate-granule-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#14
Nianhui Zhang, Zechun Peng, Xiaoping Tong, A Kerstin Lindemeyer, Yliana Cetina, Christine S Huang, Richard W Olsen, Thomas S Otis, Carolyn R Houser
While numerous changes in the GABA system have been identified in models of Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), alterations in subunits of the GABAA receptors (GABAARs) that mediate tonic inhibition are particularly intriguing. Considering the key role of tonic inhibition in controlling neuronal excitability, reduced tonic inhibition could contribute to FXS-associated disorders such as hyperactivity, hypersensitivity, and increased seizure susceptibility. The current study has focused on the expression and function of the δ subunit of the GABAAR, a major subunit involved in tonic inhibition, in granule cells of the dentate gyrus in the Fmr1 knockout (KO) mouse model of FXS...
August 16, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822826/depression-is-associated-with-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#15
Iina Tuomainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Timo Aalto, Sanna Sinikallio, Heikki Kröger, Heimo Viinamäki, Olavi Airaksinen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Depression is associated with greater postoperative disability in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients. No previous studies have reported the association in a 10-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between preoperative and postoperative depressive symptoms and the surgical outcome among LSS patients in a 10-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the effects of the depressive burden on the surgical outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up study...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822824/using-spinopelvic-parameters-to-estimate-residual-lumbar-lordosis-assuming-previous-lumbosacral-fusion-a-study-of-normative-values
#16
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Kimberly-Anne Tan, Shashidhar Bangalore Kantharajanna, Alex Quok An Teo, Chloe Xiaoyun Chan, Ka-Po Gabriel Liu, Hee-Kit Wong
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Pelvic Incidence (PI) = Pelvic Tilt (PT) + Sacral Slope (SS) is an established trigonometric equation which can be expanded from studying the fixed pelvis with the spine to a fixed spinopelvic complex with the remnant spine, in scenarios of spinopelvic fusion or ankylosis. For a fixed spinopelvic complex, we propose the equation termed: Lumbar Incidence (LI) = Lumbar Tilt (LT) + Lumbar Slope (LS). PURPOSE: To establish reference values for LI, LT and LS at each lumbar vertebral level, and to show how LI can be used to determine rLL...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822798/meaning-in-life-as-a-mediator-between-physical-impairment-and-the-wish-to-hasten-death-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#17
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Frederic Marimon, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
CONTEXT: Meaning in life (MiL) is a key factor for ensuring spiritual wellbeing and quality of life among patients with life-threatening illnesses. However, the role of MiL in relation to the wish to hasten death (WTHD) and its interaction with other physical and psychological factors in patients with advanced cancer has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the WTHD and MiL, and to propose a theoretical model of functional relationships between WTHD, performance status, depression and MiL...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#18
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822749/dominance-of-layer-specific-microvessel-dilation-in-contrast-enhanced-high-resolution-fmri-comparison-between-hemodynamic-spread-and-vascular-architecture-with-clarity
#19
REVIEW
Alexander John Poplawsky, Mitsuhiro Fukuda, Bok-Man Kang, Jae Hwan Kim, Minah Suh, Seong-Gi Kim
Contrast-enhanced cerebral blood volume-weighted (CBVw) fMRI response peaks are specific to the layer of evoked synaptic activity (Poplawsky et al., 2015), but the spatial resolution limit of CBVw fMRI is unknown. In this study, we measured the laminar spread of the CBVw fMRI evoked response in the external plexiform layer (EPL, 265 ± 65 μm anatomical thickness, mean ± SD, n = 30 locations from 5 rats) of the rat olfactory bulb during electrical stimulation of the lateral olfactory tract and examined its potential vascular source...
August 16, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822721/postural-assessment-in-class-iii-patients-before-orthognathic-surgery
#20
Fernando Zugno Kulczynski, Fernando de Oliveira Andriola, Pedro Henrique Deon, Denizar Alberto da Silva Melo, Rogério Miranda Pagnoncelli
PURPOSE: To determine the postural characteristics of patients with Class III dentofacial deformities before orthognathic surgery by photogrammetry using SAPO postural assessment software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Eligible participants were adult patients who had an indication for orthognathic surgery to correct skeletal Class III dentofacial deformities and were undergoing orthodontic preparation for surgery. Patients were recruited at the outpatient clinic for dentofacial deformities of the authors' institution from March to November 2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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