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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923255/-psychotherapy-and-religion-a-representative-survey-among-psychotherapists-in-southern-germany
#1
Michael Marquardt, Joachim Heinrich Demling
Objective: Religion and spirituality play an appreciable role as a problem area or as a resource for patients with mental disorders. It is therefore of interest what attitudes psychotherapists assume towards this complex range of issues in their work, but also in their personal lives. The majority of empirical studies on this subject originate from the USA, with little data being available from Europe and Germany. Our own survey among practising psychotherapists was designed to elucidate these questions. Method and Study Population: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the form of a written survey of all accessible practising psychotherapists in the area of Northern Bavaria (Franconian administrative districts; n=1 081, return rate 65%)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923213/proximity-of-the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-with-a-modified-extensile-lateral-approach-compared-to-standard-extensile-approach
#2
John Y Kwon, Tyler Gonzalez, Matthew D Riedel, Ara Nazarian, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (EL) has been associated with increased wound complications such as apical necrosis which may be due partially from violation of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA). Traditionally, the vertical limb has been placed half-way between the fibula and Achilles tendon, which may be suboptimal given the proximity to the LCA. We hypothesized that placing the vertical limb further posterior (ie, modified EL [MEL]) would increase the distance from the LCA...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923194/gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students
#3
Xiao-Jun Sun, Geng-Feng Niu, Zhi-Qi You, Zong-Kui Zhou, Yun Tang
BACKGROUND: The effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on depression have been well-documented. But depression is a heterogeneous syndrome of which the severity ranged from mild depression to major depression. This study aimed to investigate the specific effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on different stages of depression severity. METHOD: A total of 5989 students (aged 16-25 years, M=20.85, SD=0.58), recruited from six universities in the central region of China using the stratified cluster sampling method, completed Life Events Questionnaire, Coping Response Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923154/socioeconomic-position-john-henryism-and-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-finnish-men
#4
Mahasin S Mujahid, Sherman A James, George A Kaplan, Jukka T Salonen
Previous cross-sectional studies examining whether John Henryism (JH), or high-effort coping with socioeconomic adversity, potentiates the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular health have focused mainly on hypertension in African Americans. We conducted the first longitudinal test of this hypothesis on incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Finland (N = 1405 men, 42-60 years). We hypothesized that the expected inverse gradient between SEP and AMI risk would be stronger for men scoring high on JH than for those scoring low...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923150/an-analysis-of-alumni-performance-a-study-of-the-quality-of-nursing-education
#5
Serap Altuntaş, Ülkü Baykal
BACKGROUND: The professional performance level of their alumni is one of the quality indicators of educational institutions. Nursing education institutions can use their alumni's performance analysis results to enhance their curricula, eliminate deficiencies, improve the quality of education and graduate more highly qualified nurses. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study, which aimed to determine the professional performances of nurses who graduated from the same nursing faculty...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923148/patient-and-clinician-reported-outcome-in-eating-disorders
#6
Laura Al-Dakhiel Winkler, Jacob Stampe Frølich, Claire Gudex, Kirsten Hørder, Niels Bilenberg, René Klinkby Støving
Patient-reported outcome is increasingly applied in health sciences. Patients with eating disorders (EDs) characteristically have a different opinion of their needs to that of the health professionals, which can lead to ambivalence towards treatment and immense compliance difficulties. This cross-sectional study compared data assessed by the clinician to patient-reported measures in patients with a history of EDs. We included data from a cohort of patients with EDs (n=544) referred to a specialized ED unit in Denmark...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923102/pain-treatment-continues-to-be-inaccessible-for-many-patients-around-the-globe-second-phase-of-opioid-price-watch-a-cross-sectional-study-to-monitor-the-prices-of-opioids
#7
Tania Pastrana, Roberto Wenk, Lukas Radbruch, Ebtesam Ahmed, Liliana De Lima
BACKGROUND: Strong opioids are a cornerstone of pain treatment, of which morphine is considered an essential analgesic by the World Health Organization. Access to opioids is limited, due to restrictive laws, limited education, and high prices. This is the second phase of a global project to monitor and report the dispensing price of opioids with the specific aim to expand and increase the information and allow further analysis of the challenges in their availability and affordability...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923101/secular-changes-in-physical-growth-and-obesity-among-southwestern-american-indian-children-over-four-decades
#8
P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923100/effects-of-air-pollution-exposure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-los-angeles-minority-children
#9
C M Toledo-Corral, T L Alderete, R Habre, K Berhane, F W Lurmann, M J Weigensberg, M I Goran, F D Gilliland
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence indicates that ambient (AAP: NO2 , PM2.5 and O3 ) and traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) contribute to metabolic disease risk in adults; however, few studies have examined these relationships in children. METHODS: Metabolic profiling was performed in 429 overweight and obese African-American and Latino youth living in urban Los Angeles, California. This cross-sectional study estimated individual residential air pollution exposure and used linear regression to examine relationships between air pollution and metabolic outcomes...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#10
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923089/correlations-between-ratings-on-the-resident-annual-evaluation-summary-and-the-internal-medicine-milestones-and-association-with-abim-certification-examination-scores-among-us-internal-medicine-residents-2013-2014
#11
Karen E Hauer, Jonathan Vandergrift, Brian Hess, Rebecca S Lipner, Eric S Holmboe, Sarah Hood, William Iobst, Stanley J Hamstra, Furman S McDonald
Importance: US internal medicine residency programs are now required to rate residents using milestones. Evidence of validity of milestone ratings is needed. Objective: To compare ratings of internal medicine residents using the pre-2015 resident annual evaluation summary (RAES), a nondevelopmental rating scale, with developmental milestone ratings. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional study of US internal medicine residency programs in the 2013-2014 academic year, including 21 284 internal medicine residents (7048 postgraduate-year 1 [PGY-1], 7233 PGY-2, and 7003 PGY-3)...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923058/effect-of-mass-stool-examination-and-mass-treatment-for-decreasing-intestinal-helminth-and-protozoan-infection-rates-in-bolivian-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Takao Asai, Claudia Còrdova Vidal, Wilma Strauss, Toshikazu Ikoma, Kazuo Endoh, Masaharu Yamamoto
Bolivia is one of the countries with a high intestinal helminth and protozoan infection rate. Despite the high prevalence of the parasitic infection, nationwide preventive measures for Bolivian children have not yet been implemented. We evaluated the effect of mass stool examination and treatment as a strategy for decreasing the infection rate. This study was conducted between 2013 and 2015 in children aged 2-18 years. A total of 2,033 stool samples (575 in 2013, 815 in 2014 and 642 in 2015) were collected and examined using the formalin-ether medical sedimentation method...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923054/fused-regression-for-multi-source-gene-regulatory-network-inference
#14
Kari Y Lam, Zachary M Westrick, Christian L Müller, Lionel Christiaen, Richard Bonneau
Understanding gene regulatory networks is critical to understanding cellular differentiation and response to external stimuli. Methods for global network inference have been developed and applied to a variety of species. Most approaches consider the problem of network inference independently in each species, despite evidence that gene regulation can be conserved even in distantly related species. Further, network inference is often confined to single data-types (single platforms) and single cell types. We introduce a method for multi-source network inference that allows simultaneous estimation of gene regulatory networks in multiple species or biological processes through the introduction of priors based on known gene relationships such as orthology incorporated using fused regression...
December 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923013/community-mobilization-for-hiv-testing-uptake-results-from-a-community-randomized-trial-of-a-theory-based-intervention-in-rural-south-africa
#15
Sheri A Lippman, Torsten B Neilands, Catherine MacPhail, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Amanda Selin, Hannah H Leslie, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: HIV testing uptake in South Africa is below optimal levels. Community mobilization (CM) may increase and sustain demand for HIV testing, however, little rigorous evidence exists regarding the effect of CM interventions on HIV testing and the mechanisms of action. METHODS: We implemented a theory-driven CM intervention in 11 of 22 randomly-selected villages in rural Mpumalanga Province. Cross-sectional surveys including a community mobilization measure were conducted before (n = 1181) and after (n = 1175) a 2-year intervention (2012-2014)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922938/skeletal-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-higher-dietary-protein-intake-and-lower-body-fat-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Thaís R Silva, Poli M Spritzer
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between skeletal muscle mass and dietary protein intake, habitual physical activity, body composition, and metabolic variables. METHODS: One hundred three healthy postmenopausal women from southern Brazil (age 55.2 ± 4.9 y, body mass index 27.2 ± 4.6 kg/m) were enrolled. Bone mineral density, %body fat, %trunk fat mass, and appendicular lean mass were assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, resting metabolic rate by indirect calorimetry, and habitual physical activity by pedometer...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922933/the-cross-sectional-association-between-vasomotor-symptoms-and-hemostatic-parameter-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Laura B Harrington, Marc Blondon, Mary Cushman, Andrew M Kaunitz, Jacques E Rossouw, Matthew A Allison, Lisa W Martin, Karen C Johnson, Jan Rosing, Nancy F Woods, Andrea Z LaCroix, Susan R Heckbert, Barbara McKnight, Nicholas L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) may be a marker of cardiovascular risk. We aimed to evaluate the cross-sectional association of VMS presence and severity with hemostatic parameter levels measured at baseline among Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Hormone Therapy trial postmenopausal participants. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 2,148 postmenopausal women with measures of VMS presence and severity reported in the 4 weeks before WHI baseline, who were not using warfarin or hormone therapy and for whom the following baseline hemostatic parameters were measured within the WHI Cardiovascular Disease Biomarker Case-Control Study: antithrombin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, protein C antigen, total and free protein S antigen, total and free tissue factor pathway inhibitor, D-dimer, normalized activated protein C sensitivity ratio, and thrombin generation...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922857/comprehensive-assessment-of-the-arginine-pathway-and-its-relationship-to-inflammation-in-hiv
#18
Sahera Dirajlal-Fargo, S M Khurshid Alam, Abdus Sattar, Manjusha Kulkarni, Nicholas Funderburg, W H Wilson Tang, Grace A Mccomsey
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide helps maintain vascular function and is generated through the oxidation of arginine. Whether altered arginine metabolism may lead to elevated levels of inflammation in HIV is unclear. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of HIV-infected adults on stable ART with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL and HIV-uninfected controls. We measured biomarkers in the arginine pathway, markers of systemic inflammation, and monocyte activation. T-tests, chi-square tests and propensity score matching analyses were used to compare markers by HIV status, and multiple linear regressions were used to assess associations of arginine metabolites with markers of inflammation...
December 5, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#19
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922808/vascular-assessment-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-intravascular-ultrasound-compared-with-computed-tomography
#20
Essa Essa, Nader Makki, Peter Bittenbender, Quinn Capers, Barry George, Gregory Rushing, Juan Crestanello, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Scott M Lilly
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the femoral and iliac arteries is essential prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). It is critical for establishing candidacy for a femoral approach, and can help predict vascular complications. Although computed tomography angiography (CTA) is the standard imaging modality, it has limitations. OBJECTIVE: This study compared CTA with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients undergoing TAVR evaluation. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing pre-TAVR coronary angiography and hemodynamic assessment were recruited...
December 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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