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"Activity theory"

Lara Varpio, Carol Aschenbrener, Joanna Bates
OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews why and how theories of agency can be used as analytical lenses to help health professions education (HPE) scholars address our community's wicked problems. Wicked problems are those that resist clear problem statements, defy traditional analysis approaches, and refuse definitive resolution (e.g. student remediation, assessments of professionalism, etc.). We illustrate how theories of agency can provide new insights into such challenges by examining the application of these theories to one particular wicked problem in HPE: interprofessional education (IPE)...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
Gilberto Pérez-Campos
Ontological issues have a bad reputation within mainstream psychology. This paper, however, is an attempt to argue that ontological reflection may play an important role in the development of cultural psychology. A cross-reading of two recent papers on the subject (Mammen & Mironenko, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49(4), 681-713, 2015; Simão Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 50, 568-585, 2016), aimed at characterizing their respective approaches to ontological issues, sets the stage for a presentation of Cornelius Castoriadis' ontological reflections...
January 21, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Cassandra J Gaston, Kerri A Pratt, Kaitlyn J Suski, Nathaniel W May, Thomas E Gill, Kimberly A Prather
Playas emit large quantities of dust that can facilitate the activation of cloud droplets. Despite the potential importance of playa dusts for cloud formation, most climate models assume that all dust is nonhygroscopic; however, measurements are needed to clarify the role of dusts in aerosol-cloud interactions. Here, we report measurements of CCN activation from playa dusts and parameterize these results in terms of both κ-Köhler theory and adsorption activation theory for inclusion in atmospheric models...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Nathalie Brackmann, Henry Otgaar, Melanie Sauerland, Mark L Howe
Witnesses are frequently questioned immediately following a crime. The effects of such testing on false recall are inconclusive: Testing may inoculate against subsequent misinformation or enhance false memory formation. We examined whether different types of processing can account for these discrepancies. Drawing from Fuzzy-trace and Associative-activation theories, immediate questions that trigger the processing of the global understanding of the event can heighten false memory rates. However, questions that trigger the processing of specific details can inoculate memories against subsequent misinformation...
September 2016: Applied Cognitive Psychology
Thomas J Holt, George W Burruss, Adam M Bossler
The ability to gain unauthorized access to computer systems to engage in espionage and data theft poses a massive threat to individuals worldwide. There has been minimal focus, however, on the role of malicious software, or malware, which can automate this process. This study examined the macro-correlates of malware infection at the national level by using an open repository of known malware infections and utilizing a routine activities framework. Negative inflated binomial models for counts indicated that nations with greater technological infrastructure, more political freedoms, and with less organized crime financial impact were more likely to report malware infections...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Mark Farmer, Anne-Marie McAlinden, Shadd Maruna
Sex offending is typically understood from a pathology perspective with the origin of the behavior thought to be within the offending individual. Such a perspective may not be beneficial for those seeking to desist from sexual offending and reintegrate into mainstream society. A thematic analysis of 32 self-narratives of men convicted of sexual offences against children suggests that such individuals typically explain their pasts utilizing a script consistent with routine activity theory, emphasizing the role of circumstantial changes in both the onset of and desistance from sexual offending...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Maree O'Keefe, Victoria Wade, Sue McAllister, Ieva Stupans, Teresa Burgess
BACKGROUND: An approach to improve management of student clinical placements, the Building Teams for Quality Learning project, was trialed in three different health services. In a previous paper the authors explored in some detail the factors associated with considerable success of this approach at one of these services. In this paper, the authors extend this work with further analysis to determine if the more limited outcomes observed with participants at the other two services could be explained by application of activity theory and in particular the expansive learning cycle...
August 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Jennifer Cleland, Kenneth G Walker, Michael Gale, Laura G Nicol
OBJECTIVE: The focus of simulation-based education (SBE) research has been limited to outcome and effectiveness studies. The effect of social and cultural influences on SBE is unclear and empirical work is lacking. Our objective in this study was to explore and understand the complexity of context and social factors at a surgical boot camp (BC). METHODS: A rapid ethnographic study, employing the theoretical lenses of complexity and activity theory and Bourdieu's concept of 'capital', to better understand the socio-cultural influences acting upon, and during, two surgical BCs, and their implications for SBE...
August 2016: Medical Education
Pekka Räsänen, James Hawdon, Emma Holkeri, Teo Keipi, Matti Näsi, Atte Oksanen
Drawing from routine activity theory (RAT), this article seeks to determine the crucial factors contributing to youth victimization through online hate. Although numerous studies have supported RAT in an online context, research focusing on users of particular forms of social media is lacking. Using a sample of 15- to 18-year-old Finnish Facebook users (n = 723), we examine whether the risk of online hate victimization is more likely when youth themselves produced online hate material, visited online sites containing potentially harmful content, and deliberately sought out online hate material...
2016: Violence and Victims
Irina A Mironenko
In reference to commentaries on the paper (Mammen and Mironenko, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 49(4):681-713, 2015) some clarifications are introduced concerning the general landmarks and objectives in the development of psychological science, in respect to which activity theories (AT) can be assessed and evaluated. Contemporary psychological science is developing along the path of integration, as part of the emerging global world. AT has some special value and importance in this respect...
September 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Sheng-Ping Guo, Yang Chi, Bin-Wen Liu, Guo-Cong Guo
A novel pentanary selenide (K3I)[InB12(InSe4)3] was obtained via a high-temperature solid-state method. It crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6322 which features an InSe4 tetrahedron consolidated B12 icosahedron and 1-D chain constructed by InSe6 octahedron and B12Se12 cluster alternatively connected along the c-axis. Second-order nonlinear optical property measurement shows that it is second harmonic generation-active. Theory calculation indicates that it is an indirect semiconductor with the energy gap of 1...
June 21, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jens Mammen
The paper is a reply to commentaries to "Activity theories and the Ontology of Psychology: Learning from Danish and Russian Experiences" (Mammen and Mironenko 2015). At the same time it is an attempt to reply to more general issues raised by the commentators and an attempt to further develop some general ideas from our paper with a focus on the introduction of the new analytical concepts sense and choice categories. These concepts have been elaborated in an axiomatic frame in (Mammen 2016) and the present paper is thus also pointing forwards to that and supporting it with examples from research on adult human relations of love and affection and on infant cognitive development...
September 2016: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
Håkan Nilsson, Pia H Bülow, Ali Kazemi
The primary aim of this article is to present a new concept called mindful sustainable aging (MSA), which is informed by mindfulness practices that support the physical, the mental, and especially, the social and the existential dimensions of old life. The concept of MSA is discussed and compared with four influential psychosocial theories in the field of gerontology, i.e., activity theory, disengagement theory, successful aging theory and gerotranscendence theory. The article ends with reviewing research on how mindfulness practice can help to manage, diminish and/or improve a number of serious physical conditions that are common among older people...
August 2015: Europe's journal of psychology
Manal Almalki, Kathleen Gray, Fernando Martin-Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Self-quantification (SQ) is a way of working in which, by using tracking tools, people aim to collect, manage, and reflect on personal health data to gain a better understanding of their own body, health behavior, and interaction with the world around them. However, health SQ lacks a formal framework for describing the self-quantifiers' activities and their contextual components or constructs to pursue these health related goals. Establishing such framework is important because it is the first step to operationalize health SQ fully...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Amanda E B Bryan, Jeanette Norris, Devon Alisa Abdallah, Cynthia A Stappenbeck, Diane M Morrison, Kelly C Davis, William H George, Cinnamon L Danube, Tina Zawacki
OBJECTIVE: Women's alcohol consumption and vulnerability to sexual victimization (SV) are linked, but findings regarding the nature and direction of the association are mixed. Some studies have found support for the self-medication hypothesis (i.e., victimized women drink more to alleviate SV-related distress); others have supported routine activity theory (i.e., drinking increases SV vulnerability). In this study, we aimed to clarify the interplay between women's prior SV, typical drinking, and SV experiences prospectively over one year...
April 2016: Psychology of Violence
Paul A M Van Lange, Maria I Rinderu, Brad J Bushman
Worldwide there are substantial differences within and between countries in aggression and violence. Although there are various exceptions, a general rule is that aggression and violence increase as one moves closer to the equator, which suggests the important role of climate differences. While this pattern is robust, theoretical explanations for these large differences in aggression and violence within countries and around the world are lacking. Most extant explanations focus on the influence of average temperature as a factor that triggers aggression (The General Aggression Model), or the notion that warm temperature allows for more social interaction situations (Routine Activity Theory) in which aggression is likely to unfold...
May 23, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Jessica C M Li, Chau-Kiu Cheung, Cindy X S Jia, Yolanda M Y Yu, Ping Nguyen
This article presents public discourses on compensated dating of adolescent girls in Chinese society. Data are obtained from eight focus groups comprising 50 guardians at private, parochial, and public levels (i.e., social workers, police officers, parents of students, and community representatives). Qualitative data are used to demonstrate how the guardians conceptualize and contextualize compensated dating as an outcome of the dynamics of societal features. Social features such as contemporary ideologies, Internet technology advancement, commercialization of human relationships, and ambiguity between "right" and "wrong" motivate the service providers and customers of compensated dating, and accelerate their convergence and weakened levels of guardianship in society...
May 13, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Amanda L Rebar, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Ryan E Rhodes, Andrew Kates, Jade Starling, Corneel Vandelanotte
Physical activity theories have almost exclusively focused on conscious regulatory processes such as plans, beliefs, and expected value. The aim of this review was to aggregate the burgeoning evidence showing that physical activity is also partially determined by non-conscious processes (e.g., habits, automatic associations, priming effects). A systematic search was conducted and study characteristics, design, measures, effect size of the principle summary measures, and main conclusions of 52 studies were extracted by two independent coders...
April 26, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Yanping Duan, Sonia Lippke, Ru Zhang, Walter Brehm, Pak-Kwong Chung
BACKGROUND: The study examined the measurement quality of a stage algorithm measuring the Four steps from Inactivity to activity Theory (FIT Model). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, stages were assessed in 1012 Chinese university students in terms of physical activity, social-cognitive variables and health outcomes. Main outcome measures were stages of change, self-reported physical activity, perceived barriers, intrinsic motivation, plans, fitness and health satisfaction...
2016: BMC Public Health
Minzhi Ye, Lin Chen, Eva Kahana
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between older adults' mealtime interactions at senior centers in Shanghai and their life satisfaction. Competing hypotheses, derived from socioemotional selectivity theory and activity theory, were tested. METHOD: Data were obtained from the 2011 Shanghai senior center service utilization survey ( ITALIC! N= 320). Relationships between respondents' mealtime interactions and life satisfaction were tested using multilevel regression modeling...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
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