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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759892/the-marginalisation-of-dreams-in-clinical-psychological-practice
#1
REVIEW
Linda Leonard, Drew Dawson
The longstanding human interest in dreams has led to a significant body of psychological and philosophical discourse, including research. Recently, however, dreams have been relegated to the periphery of clinical psychological practice. This is potentially problematic as clients continue to bring dreams to therapy and many psychologists lack the confidence or competence to respond effectively to dream material. Building on the structural, professional and research cultures surrounding psychology using a cultural-historical activity theory framework, we argue the marginalisation of dreams is due to cultural-historical factors...
April 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739843/dental-hygiene-students-clinical-skill-acquisition-activity-theory-and-the-use-of-videos
#2
Sally N Lockwood, Sharon M Compton, Jacqueline L Green, Kari Rasmussen
Purpose: Entry-level students in dental hygiene programs have already demonstrated a level of academic success; however they often struggle with the acquisition of psychomotor skills. Recognizing that traditional course materials were not addressing the needs of entry level dental hygiene students, instructional videos were produced to demonstrate clinical skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' perception of instructional videos and their impact on the learning environment in regards to students' experiences of skills acquisition...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677937/applying-the-zone-of-proximal-development-when-evaluating-clinical-decision-support-systems-a-case-study
#3
Helena Lindgren, Ming-Hsin Lu, Yeji Hong, Chunli Yan
The goal to facilitate a continuing medical education can be incorporated in the design of a clinical decision-support system. Developing a method for evaluating knowledge and skill development as part of evaluating the system is the aim for the research presented in this paper. The activity supported by the system was analyzed using Activity theory and structured into a protocol. Four clinicians were studied using the system for the first time, and their activity were assessed using the concept of Zone of Proximal Development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629636/men-selling-sex-to-men-in-sweden-balancing-safety-and-risk
#4
Jari Kuosmanen, Annelie de Cabo
The purpose of this study is to examine how men who sell sex to men perceive the risks in this activity and what experiences they have of actual denigration, threats, and violence in their relations with customers. We also discuss the self-defense strategies they have used to protect themselves. The study is based on an Internet survey on Swedish websites. Statistical analyses have been carried out, and in interpreting the results, Finkelhor and Asdigian's revised routine activities theory has been used. The results show that the vulnerability of sellers of sex is greatest during the time when the sexual act is being performed, and that this is primarily linked to the customer's antagonism and seeking gratification by overstepping agreed boundaries, particularly with regard to sexual services including BDSM...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523569/a-tailored-strategy-for-designing-the-walk-copenhagen-walk-cph-intervention-to-increase-mobility-in-hospitalised-older-medical-patients-a-protocol-for-the-qualitative-part-of-the-walk-cph-project
#5
Jeanette Wassar Kirk, Ann Christine Bodilsen, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mette Merete Pedersen, Thomas Bandholm, Rasmus Skov Husted, Lise Kronborg Poulsen, Janne Petersen, Ove Andersen, Per Nilsen
INTRODUCTION: Older medical patients (>65 years) represent 54% of the admissions to Danish medical and emergency departments. Acute admissions and bed-rest during hospitalisation are independent risk factors for death and dependency in older patients. Even short hospitalisations are associated with increased dependency in activities of daily living after discharge. Interventions that increase mobility during hospitalisation are therefore important. The purpose of this protocol is to describe the intervention design of the WALK-Copenhagen project, aimed at increasing 24 hours mobility in older medical patients during acute hospitalisations and following discharge...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489947/anomalies-and-contradictions-in-an-airport-construction-project-a-historical-analysis-based-on-cultural-historical-activity-theory
#6
Manoela Gomes Reis Lopes, Rodolfo Andrade de Gouveia Vilela, Marco Antônio Pereira Querol
Large construction projects involve the functioning of a complex activity system (AS) in network format. Anomalies such as accidents, delays, reworks, etc., can be explained by contradictions that emerge historically in the system. The aim of this study was to analyze the history of an airport construction project to understand the current contradictions and anomalies in the AS and how they emerged. A case study was conducted for this purpose, combining Collective Work Analysis, interviews, observations, and analysis of documents that provided the basis for sessions in the Change Laboratory, where a participant timeline was elaborated with the principal events during the construction project...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383741/chart-stalking-list-making-and-physicians-efforts-to-track-patients-outcomes-after-transitioning-responsibility
#7
Judith L Bowen, Bridget C O'Brien, Jonathan S Ilgen, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate
CONTEXT: Transitions of patient care responsibility occur frequently between physicians. Resultant discontinuities make it difficult for physicians to observe clinical outcomes. Little is known about what physicians do to overcome the practical challenges to learning these discontinuities create. This study explored physicians' activities in practice as they sought follow-up information about patients. METHODS: Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews with 18 internal medicine hospitalist and resident physicians at a single tertiary care academic medical center explored participants' strategies when deliberately conducting follow-up after they transitioned responsibility for patients to other physicians...
April 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294848/routine-activities-and-criminal-victimization-the-significance-of-gendered-spaces
#8
Dennis M Savard, Thomas M Kelley, David M Merolla
Gender is arguably the most prominent correlate of criminal victimization. Few studies, however, examine gender-specific dynamics that might help advance criminology's understanding of the persistent gender gap in criminal victimization. We attempt to help fill this research void by examining data from the 2012 National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) through the lens of routine activity theory to investigate the relationship between "gendered spaces" and criminal victimization. We propose that gendered spaces constructed by people's routine activities may increase their exposure to motivated offenders, which in turn may increase their risk of victimization...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294726/sexual-revictimization-a-routine-activity-theory-explanation
#9
Elizabeth Culatta, Jody Clay-Warner, Kaitlin M Boyle, Assaf Oshri
Research has shown that victims of sexual assault are at a significant risk of revictimization. We use routine activity theory to predict how sexual victimization in adolescence relates to depression, substance use, and ultimately revictimization as a young adult. We frame our research within routine activity theory and predict that sexual victimization increases substance use and depressive symptoms, both of which increase the likelihood of revictimization. We test the hypotheses with three waves of data from the Longitudinal Study of Violence Against Women...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232937/modular-bayesian-networks-with-low-power-wearable-sensors-for-recognizing-eating-activities
#10
Kee-Hoon Kim, Sung-Bae Cho
Recently, recognizing a user's daily activity using a smartphone and wearable sensors has become a popular issue. However, in contrast with the ideal definition of an experiment, there could be numerous complex activities in real life with respect to its various background and contexts: time, space, age, culture, and so on. Recognizing these complex activities with limited low-power sensors, considering the power and memory constraints of the wearable environment and the user's obtrusiveness at once is not an easy problem, although it is very crucial for the activity recognizer to be practically useful...
December 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195704/stakeholder-influence-in-public-sector-information-systems-strategy-implementation-the-case-of-public-hospitals-in-south-africa
#11
Boroto Hwabamungu, Irwin Brown, Quentin Williams
Recent literature on organisational strategy has called for greater emphasis on individuals (stakeholders) and what they do in the process of strategizing. Public sector organisations have to engage with an array of heterogeneous stakeholders in fulfilling their mandate. The public health sector in particular needs to engage with a diversity of stakeholders at local, regional and national levels when strategising. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of stakeholder relations on the implementation of Information Systems (IS) strategy in public hospitals in South Africa...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172157/new-particle-formation-and-growth-at-a-suburban-site-and-a-background-site-in-hong-kong
#12
X P Lyu, H Guo, H R Cheng, D W Wang
Atmospheric nanoparticles have great impacts on human health and global climate change. The number concentrations and size distributions of nanoparticles in the size range of 5.5-350.4 nm were detected at a background site and a suburban site in Hong Kong from summer to winter in 2011 and in autumn of 2013, respectively. Significantly higher particle number concentrations in all modes were observed at the suburban site (p < 0.05) during the sampling periods, possibly due to stronger primary emissions/regional transport and more intensive new particle formation (NPF)...
February 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140919/collaboration-and-teamwork-in-the-health-professions-rethinking-the-role-of-conflict
#13
Quentin Eichbaum
Whereas the business professions have long recognized that conflict can be a source of learning and innovation, the health professions still tend to view conflict negatively as being disruptive, inefficient, and unprofessional. As a consequence, the health professions tend to avoid conflict or resolve it quickly. This neglect to appreciate conflict's positive attributes appears to be driven in part by (1) individuals' fears about being negatively perceived and the potential negative consequences in an organization of being implicated in conflict, (2) constrained views and approaches to professionalism and to evaluation and assessment, and (3) lingering autocracies and hierarchies of power that view conflict as a disruptive threat...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048944/risk-factors-for-social-networking-site-scam-victimization-among-malaysian-students
#14
Gráinne H Kirwan, Chris Fullwood, Brendan Rooney
Social networking sites (SNSs) can provide cybercriminals with various opportunities, including gathering of user data and login credentials to enable fraud, and directing of users toward online locations that may install malware onto their devices. The techniques employed by such cybercriminals can include clickbait (text or video), advertisement of nonexistent but potentially desirable products, and hoax competitions/giveaways. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with falling victim to these malicious techniques...
February 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949033/translating-medical-school-social-missions-to-student-experiences
#15
Rachel H Ellaway, Kaatje Van Roy, Robyn Preston, Jennene Greenhill, Amy Clithero, Salwa Elsanousi, Janet Richards, Charlie Labarda, Lisa Graves, Marykutty Mammen, Abbas A Assayed, Sara Willems
CONTEXT: There is a growing focus on the social missions of medical schools as a way of expressing an institutional commitment to service, responsibility and accountability. However, there has been little exploration of how a social mission translates to student experiences. METHODS: This multicentre study explored how the social missions of eight medical schools (from Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Philippines, South Africa, Sudan and the USA) translated to their medical education programmes, and how their students perceived the mission...
February 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895928/collaborative-visual-analytics-a-health-analytics-approach-to-injury-prevention
#16
Samar Al-Hajj, Brian Fisher, Jennifer Smith, Ian Pike
Background : Accurate understanding of complex health data is critical in order to deal with wicked health problems and make timely decisions. Wicked problems refer to ill-structured and dynamic problems that combine multidimensional elements, which often preclude the conventional problem solving approach. This pilot study introduces visual analytics (VA) methods to multi-stakeholder decision-making sessions about child injury prevention; Methods : Inspired by the Delphi method, we introduced a novel methodology-group analytics (GA)...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895004/positive-cognitive-effects-of-bilingualism-and-multilingualism-on-cerebral-function-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Cibel Quinteros Baumgart, Stephen Bates Billick
A review of the current literature regarding bilingualism demonstrates that bilingualism is linked to higher levels of controlled attention and inhibition in executive control and can protect against the decline of executive control in aging by contributing to cognitive reserve. Bilinguals may also have smaller vocabulary size and slower lexical retrieval for each language. The joint activation theory is proposed to explain these results. Older trilingual adults experience more protection against cognitive decline and children and young adults showed similar cognitive advantages to bilinguals in inhibitory control...
September 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866577/beyond-tasks-an-activity-typology-for-visual-analytics
#18
Darren Edge, Nathalie Henry Riche, Jonathan Larson, Christopher White
As Visual Analytics (VA) research grows and diversifies to encompass new systems, techniques, and use contexts, gaining a holistic view of analytic practices is becoming ever more challenging. However, such a view is essential for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop systems for broad audiences that span multiple domains. In this paper, we interpret VA research through the lens of Activity Theory (AT)-a framework for modelling human activities that has been influential in the field of Human-Computer Interaction...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829395/practice-of-environmentally-significant-behaviours-in-rural-china-from-being-motivated-by-economic-gains-to-being-motivated-by-environmental-considerations
#19
Yanyan Chen
A continuous and increasing crisis that present-day China is facing is environmental degradation. The cultivation of citizens who have environmentally friendly behaviours has been deemed as a fundamental way to solve environmental crises. However, the main focus of environmentalism studies has been urban residents, whereas rare research attention was put on rural Chinese. This paper focuses on environmentally significant behaviours in rural China and aims to clarify the practice of five environmentally significant behaviours and two motivations underlying these behaviours...
August 22, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758705/coping-with-changes-and-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adult-cancer-patients-challenges-and-coping-strategies-during-treatment
#20
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen, May Aasebø Hauken
Young adult cancer patients (YACPs), aged 18-35 years when diagnosed with cancer, are in a vulnerable transitioning period from adolescence to adulthood, where cancer adds a tremendous burden. However, YACPs' challenges and coping strategies are under-researched. The objective of this study was to explore what challenges YACP experience during their treatment, and what coping strategies they applied to them. We conducted a qualitative study with a phenomenological-hermeneutic design, including retrospective, semi-structured interviews of 16 YACPs who had undergone cancer treatment...
July 31, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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