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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443624/fundamental-limits-of-repeaterless-quantum-communications
#1
Stefano Pirandola, Riccardo Laurenza, Carlo Ottaviani, Leonardo Banchi
Quantum communications promises reliable transmission of quantum information, efficient distribution of entanglement and generation of completely secure keys. For all these tasks, we need to determine the optimal point-to-point rates that are achievable by two remote parties at the ends of a quantum channel, without restrictions on their local operations and classical communication, which can be unlimited and two-way. These two-way assisted capacities represent the ultimate rates that are reachable without quantum repeaters...
April 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435258/quantum-dots-modulate-intracellular-ca-2-level-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#2
Huijuan Yin, Jacopo M Fontana, Johan Solandt, Johnny Israelsson Jussi, Hao Xu, Hjalmar Brismar, Ying Fu
While adverse effects of nanoparticles on lung health have previously been proposed, few studies have addressed the direct effects of nanoparticle exposure on the airway epithelium. In this work, we examine the response of the pulmonary airway to nanoparticles by measuring intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) in the Calu-3 epithelial layer stimulated by 3-mercaptopropionic-acid (3MPA) coated CdSe-CdS/ZnS core-multishell quantum dots (QDs). Simultaneous transient transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) decrease and global [Ca(2+)]i increase in Calu-3 epithelial layer, accompanied by cell displacements, contraction, and expansion, were observed under QD deposition...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432318/orbital-angular-momentum-oam-conversion-and-multicasting-using-n-core-supermode-fiber
#3
Guang-Hao Shao, Shao-Cheng Yan, Wei Luo, Guo-Wei Lu, Yan-Qing Lu
We propose and numerically demonstrate a conversion and multicasting scheme of orbital angular momentum (OAM) states by using N-core supermode fiber (NCSF), where the topological charges of converted OAM states mainly depend on the injected OAM state and the number of fiber cores. The conversion efficiency (CE) of the converted OAM states could be optimized by properly designing the fiber structure. Take N = 6 as an example, ~37% CE could be achieved at telecom bands. Moreover, even for a fabricated NCSF, the CE could be dynamically changed by stretching the fiber or by adjusting the refractive index of the fiber cores through external control of the environmental conditions...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424587/interactions-of-the-mechanosensitive-channels-with-extracellular-matrix-integrins-and-cytoskeletal-network-in-osmosensation
#4
REVIEW
Runsheng Jiao, Dan Cui, Stephani C Wang, Dongyang Li, Yu-Feng Wang
Life is maintained in a sea water-like internal environment. The homeostasis of this environment is dependent on osmosensory system translation of hydromineral information into osmotic regulatory machinery at system, tissue and cell levels. In the osmosensation, hydromineral information can be converted into cellular reactions through osmoreceptors, which changes thirst and drinking, secretion of antidiuretic vasopressin (VP), reabsorption of water and salt in the kidneys at systemic level as well as cellular metabolic activity and survival status at tissue level...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422190/current-carried-by-the-slc26-family-member-prestin-does-not-flow-through-the-transporter-pathway
#5
Jun-Ping Bai, Iman Moeini-Naghani, Sheng Zhong, Fang-Yong Li, Shumin Bian, Fred J Sigworth, Joseph Santos-Sacchi, Dhasakumar Navaratnam
Prestin in the lateral membrane of outer hair cells, is responsible for electromotility (EM) and a corresponding nonlinear capacitance (NLC). Prestin's voltage sensitivity is influenced by intracellular chloride. A regulator of intracellular chloride is a stretch-sensitive, non-selective conductance within the lateral membrane, GmetL. We determine that prestin itself possesses a stretch-sensitive, non-selective conductance that is largest in the presence of thiocyanate ions. This conductance is independent of the anion transporter mechanism...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402883/a-role-of-bk-channel-in-regulation-of-ca-2-channel-in-ventricular-myocytes-by-substrate-stiffness
#6
Hucheng Zhao, Yang Yu, Xiaoan Wu, Sisi Liu, Bailin Liu, Jing Du, Bo Li, Linhua Jiang, Xiqiao Feng
Substrate stiffness is crucial for diverse cell functions, but the mechanisms conferring cells with mechanosensitivity are still elusive. By tailoring substrate stiffness with 10-fold difference, we showed that L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel current density was greater in chick ventricular myocytes cultured on the stiff substrate than on the soft substrate. Blockage of the BK channel increased the Ca(2+) current density on the soft substrate and consequently eliminated substrate stiffness regulation of the Ca(2+) channel...
April 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392258/bilayer-mediated-structural-transitions-control-mechanosensitivity-of-the-trek-2-k2p-channel
#7
Prafulla Aryal, Viwan Jarerattanachat, Michael V Clausen, Marcus Schewe, Conor McClenaghan, Liam Argent, Linus J Conrad, Yin Y Dong, Ashley C W Pike, Elisabeth P Carpenter, Thomas Baukrowitz, Mark S P Sansom, Stephen J Tucker
The mechanosensitive two-pore domain (K2P) K(+) channels (TREK-1, TREK-2, and TRAAK) are important for mechanical and thermal nociception. However, the mechanisms underlying their gating by membrane stretch remain controversial. Here we use molecular dynamics simulations to examine their behavior in a lipid bilayer. We show that TREK-2 moves from the "down" to "up" conformation in direct response to membrane stretch, and examine the role of the transmembrane pressure profile in this process. Furthermore, we show how state-dependent interactions with lipids affect the movement of TREK-2, and how stretch influences both the inner pore and selectivity filter...
March 24, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388139/quantum-and-quasiclassical-dynamics-of-the-multi-channel-h-h2s-reaction
#8
Ji Qi, Dandan Lu, Hongwei Song, Jun Li, Minghui Yang
The prototypical multi-channel reaction H + H2S → H2 + SH/H + H2S has been investigated using the full-dimensional quantum scattering and quasi-classical trajectory methods to unveil the underlying competition mechanism between different product channels and the mode specificity. This reaction favors the abstraction channel over the exchange channel. For both channels, excitations in the two stretching modes promote the reaction with nearly equal efficiency and are more efficient than the bending mode excitation...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381704/efficacy-of-precordial-percussion-pacing-assessed-in-a-cardiac-standstill-microminipig-model
#9
Takeshi Wada, Hiroshi Ohara, Yuji Nakamura, Xin Cao, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Kentaro Ando, Mitsuru Honda, Katsunori Yoshihara, Yuji Nakazato, Keith G Lurie, Atsushi Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Potential cardiovascular benefits of precordial percussion pacing (PPP) during cardiac standstill are unknown.Methods and Results:A cardiac standstill model in amicrominipigwas created by inducing complete atrioventricular block with a catheter ablation technique (n=7). Next, the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by standard chest compressions (S-CPR), PPP and ventricular electrical pacing in this model were analyzed in series (n=4). To assess the mechanism of PPP, a non-selective, stretch-activated channel blocker, amiloride, was administered during PPP (n=3)...
April 4, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379278/directly-embroidered-microtubes-for-fluid-transport-in-wearable-applications
#10
Rahim Rahimi, Wuyang Yu, Manuel Ochoa, Babak Ziaie
We demonstrate, for the first time, a facile and low-cost approach for integrating highly flexible and stretchable microfluidic channels into textile-based substrates. The integration of the microfluidics is accomplished by means of directly embroidering surface-functionalized micro-tubing in a zigzag/meander pattern and subsequently coating it with an elastomer for irreversible bonding. We show the utility of the embroidered micro-tubing by developing robust and stretchable drug-delivery and electronic devices...
April 5, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377596/markov-modeling-reveals-novel-intracellular-modulation-of-the-human-trek-2-selectivity-filter
#11
Matthew P Harrigan, Keri A McKiernan, Veerabahu Shanmugasundaram, Rajiah Aldrin Denny, Vijay S Pande
Two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channel ion conductance is regulated by diverse stimuli that directly or indirectly gate the channel selectivity filter (SF). Recent crystal structures for the TREK-2 member of the K2P family reveal distinct "up" and "down" states assumed during activation via mechanical stretch. We performed 195 μs of all-atom, unbiased molecular dynamics simulations of the TREK-2 channel to probe how membrane stretch regulates the SF gate. Markov modeling reveals a novel "pinched" SF configuration that stretch activation rapidly destabilizes...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377503/c-terminal-splice-variants-of-p-q-type-ca-2-channel-cav2-1-%C3%AE-1-subunits-are-differentially-regulated-by-rab3-interacting-molecule-proteins
#12
Mitsuru Hirano, Yoshinori Takada, Chee Fah Wong, Kazuma Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Kotani, Tatsuki Kurokawa, Masayuki X Mori, Terrance P Snutch, Michel Ronjat, Michel De Waard, Yasuo Mori
Voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCCs) mediate neurotransmitter release controlled by presynaptic proteins such as the scaffolding proteins Rab3-interacting molecules (RIMs). RIMs confer sustained activity and anchoring of synaptic vesicles to the VDCCs. Multiple sites on the VDCC α1 and β subunits have been reported to mediate the RIMs-VDCC interaction, but their significance is unclear. Because alternative splicing of exons 44 and 47 in the P/Q-type VDCC α1 subunit CaV2.1 gene generates major variants of the CaV2...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370661/enhancing-the-performance-of-stretchable-conductors-for-e-textiles-by-controlled-ink-permeation
#13
Hanbit Jin, Naoji Matsuhisa, Sungwon Lee, Mohammad Abbas, Tomoyuki Yokota, Takao Someya
Delivery of electronic functionality to the human body using e-textiles is important for realizing the future of wearable electronics. Printing is a promising process for large scale manufacturing of e-textile since it enables arbitrary patterns using a simple and inexpensive process. However, conductive inks printed atop of textile are vulnerable to cracking because of the deformable and porous structure of textiles. The authors develop a mechanically and electrically robust wiring by controlling ink permeation in the structure of textile...
March 29, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362487/mesoporous-three-dimensional-wood-membrane-decorated-with-nanoparticles-for-highly-efficient-water-treatment
#14
Fengjuan Chen, Amy S Gong, Mingwei Zhu, Guang Chen, Steven D Lacey, Feng Jiang, Yongfeng Li, Yanbin Wang, Jiaqi Dai, Yonggang Yao, Jianwei Song, Boyang Liu, Kun Fu, Siddhartha Das, Liangbing Hu
Wood, an earth-abundant material, is widely used in our everyday life. With its mesoporous structure, natural wood is comprised of numerous long, partially aligned channels (lumens) as well as nanochannels that stretch along its growth direction. This wood mesostructure is suitable for a range of emerging applications, especially as a membrane/separation material. Here, we report a mesoporous, three-dimensional (3D) wood membrane decorated with palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs/wood membrane) for efficient wastewater treatment...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360864/isometric-stretch-alters-vascular-reactivity-of-mouse-aortic-segments
#15
Sofie De Moudt, Arthur Leloup, Cor Van Hove, Guido De Meyer, Paul Fransen
Most vaso-reactive studies in mouse aortic segments are performed in isometric conditions and at an optimal preload, which is the preload corresponding to a maximal contraction by non-receptor or receptor-mediated stimulation. In general, this optimal preload ranges from about 1.2 to 8.0 mN/mm, which according to Laplace's law roughly correlates with transmural pressures of 10-65 mmHg. For physiologic transmural pressures around 100 mmHg, preloads of 15.0 mN/mm should be implemented. The present study aimed to compare vascular reactivity of 2 mm mouse (C57Bl6) aortic segments preloaded at optimal (8...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352076/interaction-of-cochlin-and-mechanosensitive-channel-trek-1-in-trabecular-meshwork-cells-influences-the-regulation-of-intraocular-pressure
#16
Teresia A Carreon, Aida Castellanos, Xavier Gasull, Sanjoy K Bhattacharya
This work was funded by National Institute of Health Grants R01 EY016112, EY015266, and EY014801 and an unrestricted grant to the University of Miami's Bascom Palmer Eye Institute from Research to Prevent Blindness. Financial support from Fight for Sight is gratefully acknowledged. Funding to XG was provided by Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain (FIS PI14/00141 and RETIC RD12/0034/0003) and Generalitat de Catalunya (2014SGR1165). In the eye, intraocular pressure (IOP) is tightly regulated and its persistent increase leads to ocular hypertension and glaucoma...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350445/structural-changes-in-an-anion-channelrhodopsin-formation-of-the-k-and-l-intermediates-at-80-k
#17
Adrian Yi, Hai Li, Natalia Mamaeva, Roberto E Fernandez De Cordoba, Johan Lugtenburg, Willem J DeGrip, John L Spudich, Kenneth J Rothschild
A recently discovered natural family of light-gated anion channelrhodopsins (ACRs) from cryptophyte algae provides an effective means of optogenetically silencing neurons. The most extensively studied ACR is from Guillardia theta (GtACR1). Earlier studies of GtACR1 have established a correlation between formation of a blue-shifted L-like intermediate and the anion channel "open" state. To study structural changes of GtACR1 in the K and L intermediates of the photocycle, a combination of low-temperature Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and ultraviolet-visible absorption difference spectroscopy was used along with stable-isotope retinal labeling and site-directed mutagenesis...
April 10, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347703/afidopyropen-new-and-potent-modulator-of-insect-transient-receptor-potential-channels
#18
Ramani Kandasamy, Damian London, Lynn Stam, Wolfgang von Deyn, Xilong Zhao, Vincent L Salgado, Alexandre Nesterov
The commercial insecticides pymetrozine and pyrifluquinazon control plant-sucking pests by disturbing their coordination and ability to feed. We have previously shown that these compounds act by overstimulating and eventually silencing vanilloid-type transient receptor potential (TRPV) channels, which consist of two proteins, Nanchung and Inactive, that are co-expressed exclusively in insect chordotonal stretch receptor neurons. Here we show that a new insecticidal compound, afidopyropen, modulates chordotonal organs of American grasshoppers (Schistocerca americana) in the same fashion...
March 24, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346779/quantum-dynamics-study-of-the-potential-energy-minima-effect-on-energy-efficiency-for-the-f-ch3cl-%C3%A2-fch3-cl-reaction
#19
Yida Li, Yuping Wang, Dunyou Wang
The Polanyi rules on the energy efficiency on reactivity are summarized solely from the locations of barriers on the potential energy surfaces. Here, our quantum dynamics study for the F(-) + CH3Cl → FCH3 + Cl(-) reaction shows that the two potential energy minima in the entrance channel on the potential energy surface play an essential role in energy efficiency on reactivity. The reactivity of this reaction is dominated by the low collision energies where two distinctive reaction mechanisms involve the two minima in the entrance channel...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345591/activation-of-the-mechanosensitive-ion-channel-mscl-by-mechanical-stimulation-of-supported-droplet-hydrogel-bilayers
#20
Kadla R Rosholm, Matthew A B Baker, Pietro Ridone, Yoshitaka Nakayama, Paul R Rohde, Luis G Cuello, Lawrence K Lee, Boris Martinac
The droplet on hydrogel bilayer (DHB) is a novel platform for investigating the function of ion channels. Advantages of this setup include tight control of all bilayer components, which is compelling for the investigation of mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels, since they are highly sensitive to their lipid environment. However, the activation of MS ion channels in planar supported lipid bilayers, such as the DHB, has not yet been established. Here we present the activation of the large conductance MS channel of E...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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