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Intermittent hemodialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915654/a-dramatic-recovery-in-a-patient-initially-expected-to-die-of-ttp-its-complications
#1
Jennifer Ogilvie, Jaskeerat Singh
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) has a high fatality rate if not caught early and treated with plasmapheresis. When TTP patients present late in their sequelae with neuro symptoms, an elevated lactate dehydrogenase and systemic symptoms, there is a high mortality rate. This report describes the case of a young female who had no significant medical problems and presented to our hospital after several days of hematuria, new onset blurry vision and dizziness. She was found to have thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia consistent with TTP and was thus started on plasmapheresis...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911459/a-case-of-linezolid-induced-toxicity
#2
Philip E Tobias, Christy A Varughese, Amy P Hanson, Payal K Gurnani
Adverse effects of linezolid are typically limited to diarrhea, nausea, and headache when shorter durations are used; however, as extended durations of linezolid therapy are increasingly more common, additional monitoring parameters should be considered in these patients. We describe a unique case of hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, and pancreatitis related to an extended duration of linezolid therapy. A 52-year-old woman presented with altered mental status, abdominal pain, and hypotension following six weeks of linezolid and ertapenem therapy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780587/development-of-a-vancomycin-dosing-approach-for-critically-ill-patients-receiving-hybrid-hemodialysis-using-monte-carlo-simulation
#3
Susan J Lewis, Bruce A Mueller
Objectives: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy is an increasingly popular treatment for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients that runs at different flow rates and durations than conventional hemodialysis or continuous renal replacement therapies. Pharmacokinetic studies conducted in patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy are scarce; consequently, clinicians are challenged to dose antibiotics effectively. The purpose of this study was to develop vancomycin dosing recommendations for patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746711/a-monte-carlo-simulation-approach-for-beta-lactam-dosing-in-critically-ill-patients-receiving-prolonged-intermittent-renal-replacement-therapy
#4
Soo Min Jang, Katherine N Gharibian, Susan J Lewis, William H Fissell, Ashita J Tolwani, Bruce A Mueller
Cefepime, ceftazidime, and piperacillin/tazobactam are commonly used beta-lactam antibiotics in the critical care setting. For critically ill patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT), limited pharmacokinetic data are available to inform clinicians on the dosing of these agents. Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) can be used to guide drug dosing when pharmacokinetic trials are not feasible. For each antibiotic, MCS using previously published pharmacokinetic data derived from critically ill patients was used to evaluate multiple dosing regimens in 4 different prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy effluent rates and prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy duration combinations (4 L/h × 10 hours or 5 L/h × 8 hours in hemodialysis and hemofiltration modes)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725650/effect-of-frequent-dialysis-on-renal-recovery-results-from-the-acute-renal-failure-trial-network-study
#5
Anitha Vijayan, Rowena B Delos Santos, Tingting Li, Charles W Goss, Paul M Palevsky
Introduction: The optimal frequency of intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear. Increasing the frequency of IHD, while offering the possible advantage of reduced ultrafiltration requirement and less hemodynamic instability per session, amplifies patient contact with an extracorporeal circuit with possible deleterious cardiovascular and immunological consequences. A recent study suggested that intensive renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with a decrease in urine output during AKI...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691260/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia-in-a-patient-receiving-intermittent-hemodialysis
#6
Mohammed A Alessa, Thamer A Almangour, Abdulaziz Alhossan, Musaed A Alkholief, Mohammed Alhokail, Deanne E Tabb
PURPOSE: The safety and effectiveness of ceftolozane-tazobactam for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia in a patient receiving intermittent hemodialysis are reported. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old African-American man arrived at an emergency trauma center from a nursing home via ambulance with shortness of breath and potential nasogastric tube misplacement. His medical history included end-stage renal disease (ESRD) for which he was receiving intermittent hemodialysis 3 times per week, hypertension, sacral ulcer, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and P...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671145/nephrotoxicity-of-ciprofloxacin-five-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Meriam Hajji, Hela Jebali, Aymen Mrad, Yassine Blel, Nozha Brahmi, Rania Kheder, Soumaya Beji, Lilia Ben Fatma, Wided Smaoui, Madiha Krid, Fethi Ben Hmida, Lamia Rais, Mohammed Karim Zouaghi
Fluoroquinolones are usually well tolerated with a minimum of serious adverse effects; renal toxicity is uncommon. Apart from the renal side effects of ciprofloxacin, we aimed to highlight the renal impact of a ciprofloxacin overdose, and thus conducted a prospective study in the Department of Nephrology at La Rabta Hospital between 2010 and 2015. The cohort database was continually updated until the inclusion of five patients who were subjected to an overdose and who were initially admitted to the medical intensive care unit and then transferred to our department for acute renal failure (ARF) due to ciprofloxacin ingestion requiring urgent hemodialysis...
April 18, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669237/current-practice-of-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-intensive-care-unit-in-resource-limited-settings
#8
Nattachai Srisawat, Nattaya Sintawichai, Win Kulvichit, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Patita Sitticharoenchai, Nicha Thamrongsat, Sadudee Peerapornratana
PURPOSE: In a resource limited settings, there is sparse information about the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) based on systemic data collection. This survey aimed to described the current management of AKI in intensive care units (ICUs) across Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to 160 physicians involved in the intensive care between January and December 2014 across Thailand. Distribution was done through an online survey platform or telephone interview...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664506/continuous-venovenous-hemofiltration-in-neonates-with-hyperammonemia-a-case-series
#9
Felipe Cavagnaro Santa María, Jorge Roque Espinosa, Pamela Guerra Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hyperammonemia secondary due to inborn errors of metabolism is a rare condition with a high rate of neurological sequelae and mortality. Initial medical management is often insufficient to stop the progressive increase of ammonia, with the consequent deterioration of the patient. For this reason, depurative techniques have been implemented, including peritoneal dialysis, intermittent hemodialysis and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with continuous extracorporeal dialysis in severely ill neonates with hyperammonemia...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657198/scoring-systems-and-outcome-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-admitted-in-intensive-care-units
#10
Jitendra Goswami, Manish R Balwani, Vivek Kute, Manoj Gumber, Mohan Patel, Umesh Godhani
The outcome of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is difficult to predict. This study assessed the outcome of CKD patients admitted to the ICU and evaluated prediction of 30-day mortality using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II), Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. One hundred consecutive CKD patients admitted to the ICU at a tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad between 2011 and 2013 were included prospectively...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583052/associations-between-dialysate-sodium-concentration-and-plasma-sodium-concentration-of-dogs-receiving-intermittent-hemodialysis-treatments
#11
Jonathan D Foster, Kenneth J Drobatz, Larry D Cowgill
OBJECTIVE To compare dialysate sodium concentration and patient plasma sodium concentration of dogs during intermittent hemodialysis treatments. SAMPLE 211 intermittent hemodialysis treatments performed on 40 client-owned dogs for the management of dialysis-dependent uremia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to determine the plasma sodium concentration of each dog before and after routine hemodialysis treatments. Associations between detected changes in plasma sodium concentration and dialysate sodium concentration were evaluated by use of Spearman rank correlations and linear regression analysis...
April 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554974/renal-dialysis-and-long-term-treatment-of-a-dog-with-kidney-disease-associated-with-canine-leishmaniosis
#12
Gad Baneth, Gilad Segev, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Hila Chen, Sharon Kuzi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is considered the main cause of natural mortality in dogs with canine leishmaniosis. The pathological mechanisms associated with kidney injury in canine leishmaniosis include immune complex glomerulonephritis, tubulointerstitial nephritis and occasionally renal amyloidosis. Proteinuria is a frequent finding in canine leishmaniosis and its quantification by the urine protein-creatinine ratio (UPC) is an important parameter in the staging of canine lesihmaniosis as presented by the LeishVet group...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546450/-dose-adjustment-of-anti-infective-drugs-in-patients-with-renal-failure-and-renal-replacement-therapy-in-intensive-care-medicine-recommendations-from-the-renal-section-of-the-dgiin-%C3%A3-giain-and-divi
#13
REVIEW
D Czock, V Schwenger, D Kindgen-Milles, M Joannidis, S John, M Schmitz, A Jörres, A Zarbock, M Oppert, J T Kielstein, C Willam
BACKGROUND: Many anti-infective drugs require dose adjustments in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and renal replacement therapy, in order to achieve adequate therapeutic drug concentrations. OBJECTIVES: The fundamental pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles of drug dose adjustment are presented. Recommendations on anti-infective drug dosage in intensive care are provided. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established dose recommendations of selected anti-infective drugs based on information in the summary of product characteristics, published studies and recommendations, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic considerations, and the experience and expert opinion of the authors...
March 15, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530855/elimination-of-doripenem-during-dialysis-and-pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-posthemodialysis-dosing-for-patients-undergoing-intermittent-renal-replacement-therapy
#14
M G Vossen, L Ehmann, S Pferschy, A Maier-Salamon, M Haidinger, C Weiser, J M Wenisch, K Saria, C Kajahn, S Jilch, R Lemmerer, M Bécède, M Zeitlinger, C Kloft, W Jäger, F Thalhammer
Doripenem is a broad-spectrum parenteral carbapenem with enhanced activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae Current dosing regimens recommend the administration of 0.25 to 0.5 g once daily in patients undergoing intermittent renal replacement therapy. As patients are usually dialyzed thrice weekly, we aimed to investigate a 1-g posthemodialysis regimen, thus reducing treatment costs and enhancing patient compliance. A second objective of this trial was to describe the pharmacokinetics of intradialytic doripenem...
May 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511592/management-of-a-patient-with-vesicocutaneous-fistula-presenting-13-years-after-radiotherapy-performed-for-cervical-cancer
#15
Sang Won Kim, Jun Nyung Lee, Hyun Tae Kim, Eun Sang Yoo
A vesicocutaneous fistula (VCF) is a tract that is formed abnormally between the bladder and the external surface of the body. VCF results in a great deal of inconvenience, discomfort, and physical disability for the affected patient. This condition can be caused by extensive trauma with pelvic bone fracture, radical pelvic surgery, irradiation of pelvic malignancies, hip arthroplasty, a large bladder calculus, and various other pathologies. The management of VCF should be approached on a case-by-case basis because of the complexity of the disease...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505620/the-ratio-of-pre-dialysis-vancomycin-trough-serum-concentration-to-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-is-associated-with-treatment-outcomes-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia
#16
Chien-Fang Fu, Jiun-Da Huang, Jann-Tay Wang, Shu-Wen Lin, Chien-Chih Wu
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin is a standard treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia, and its efficacy is closely linked to the recommended serum trough concentration of 15-20 mg/L. However, it is unknown how the pre-dialysis trough serum concentration (Cpre-HD) correlates with MRSA eradication in renal failure patients undergoing intermittent hemodialysis (HD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between Cpre-HD and the treatment outcomes in this population...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505515/persistent-fever-and-destructive-arthritis-caused-by-dialysis-related-amyloidosis-a-case-report
#17
Kotaro Matsumoto, Jun Kikuchi, Yuko Kaneko, Hidekata Yasuoka, Kazuko Suzuki, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Kaori Kameyama, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Tsutomu Takeuchi
RATIONALE: Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) can present rheumatic manifestations in patients on long-term hemodialysis. Typical articular symptoms with DRA involve carpal-tunnel syndrome, effusion in large joints, spondyloarthropathy, or cystic bone lesions, which are usually with non-inflammatory processes. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man on hemodialysis for >30 years was admitted because of intermittent fever, polyarthritis, and elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level, which was continuous for 2 years...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492624/case-report-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-bone-from-a-patient-treated-with-cinacalcet-hydrochloride-maxacalcitol-and-alfacalcidol-for-hyperparathyroid-bone-disease-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#18
A Yajima, K Tsuchiya, L F Bonewald, M Inaba, Y Tominaga, T Tanizawa, A Ito, K Nitta
Evaluation of bone is of great importance in chronic kidney disease patients, as these patients are at an increased risk for fractures. We treated a hemodialysis patient suffering from hyperparathyroid bone disease with cinacalcet hydrochloride and concurrent administration of maxacalcitol and alfacalcidol for a year. Hyperparathyroid bone disease is characterized by cortical thinning, increased cortical porosity, reduced trabecular bone volume, and increased hypomineralized matrix volume, and there is little information to date about the effects of treatment with cinacalcet hydrochloride on the bone fragility in patients with hyperparathyroid bone disease...
May 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486803/seroclearance-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-following-hepatitis-e-exacerbation-on-chronic-hepatitis-e-and-b-dual-infection-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#19
Chau-Ting Yeh, Christopher Sung-Huan Yeh, Yu-De Chu, Yang-Jen Chiang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus infection usually causes an acute and self-resolving hepatitis. In areas where chronic hepatitis B virus infection is prevalent, acute hepatitis E virus superinfection on chronic hepatitis B virus infection occurs sporadically. In recent years, however, chronic hepatitis E virus infection has been recognized in patients under immunosuppressant therapy. To the best of our knowledge, cases involving patients with chronic hepatitis E virus and hepatitis B virus dual infection have never been reported...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469974/assessment-of-canine-pancreas-specific-lipase-and-outcomes-in-dogs-with-hemodialysis-dependent-acute-kidney-injury
#20
K Takada, C A Palm, S E Epstein, L D Cowgill
BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapies can be life-saving for dogs with severe acute kidney injury (AKI), however, comorbidities including pancreatitis might affect outcome. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of pancreas-specific lipase (Spec cPL) measurements consistent with pancreatitis (≥400 μg/L) in dogs undergoing intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) for treatment of AKI and to determine whether there were associations between 30-days outcomes and Spec cPL measurements...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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