keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gum disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661189/origins-in-the-usa-in-the-1980s-of-the-warning-that-smokeless-tobacco-is-not-a-safe-alternative-to-cigarettes-a-historical-documents-based-assessment-with-implications-for-comparative-warnings-on-less-harmful-tobacco-nicotine-products
#1
Lynn T Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Before the 1980s in the USA, smokeless tobacco carried no health warnings, was not judged to cause disease, and was a declining practice. In 1986, the federal government passed legislation requiring rotating warnings on "mouth cancer," "gum disease and tooth loss," and "This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes." This paper explores the history of the establishment of these warnings with emphasis on the 'not a safe alternative' warning and the bases for claiming that smokeless was 'not safe' (absolute harm) versus 'not safer than cigarettes' (relative harm)...
April 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659957/dietary-fermentable-fibers-attenuate-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mice-by-protecting-the-intestinal-barrier
#2
Tran Van Hung, Takuya Suzuki
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide health problem. Although the pathogenesis of CKD is still unclear, recent studies suggest that systemic inflammation caused by a dysregulated microflora and an impaired intestinal barrier is involved in CKD development. Objective: We investigated the effects of the fermentable dietary fibers (DFs), unmodified guar gum (GG), and partially hydrolyzed GG (PHGG) (i.e., substances with distinct viscosity characteristics) on CKD development, with a particular focus on colonic tight junction (TJ) barriers in mice...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629329/relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-of-saliva-and-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-among-female-teachers-living-in-central-iran
#3
Amene Hosseini-Yekani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Javad Zavvar Reza, Ali Golkari
Objectives: There are inconsistent data about the association between saliva properties, dental caries, and periodontal status. In this study, we tried to examine the association between dental caries and periodontal status with salivary viscosity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity in adults. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 450 female teachers were randomly selected from schools located in Yazd, Iran. Oral examinations were conducted, and unstimulated saliva samples were collected...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624676/validity-of-self-reported-periodontal-measures-demographic-characteristics-and-systemic-medical-conditions
#4
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Alejandro Cisneros, Miguel Sanchez, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to assess self-reported periodontal screening questions, demographic characteristics, systemic medical conditions and tobacco use for predicting periodontal disease among individuals seeking dental therapy in a university dental clinic. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 4,890 randomly selected dental charts were evaluated from among patients who had attended the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry clinics for treatment...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623832/herbs-with-potential-nephrotoxic-effects-according-to-traditional-persian-medicine-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#5
Fatemeh Kolangi, Zahra Memariani, Mahboubeh Bozorgi, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mohaddeseh Mirzapour
BACKGROUND: The increased use of herbal remedies particularly in patients with kidney diseases indicated the importance of studies which focused on nephrotoxic plants. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to review and assess the kidney-damaging herbs mentioned in the Persian medicine [PM] books. METHODS: The main PM books were searched for nephrotoxic herbs and their relevant reformers traditionally proposed for preventing renal damage. PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were investigated for evaluation of the scientific evidence relating to the nephrotoxicity of herbs...
April 3, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609447/prevalence-of-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#6
Gum Bit Hwang, Jong Seo Yoon, Kyu Jung Park, Hae Sang Lee, Jin Soon Hwang
PURPOSE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with autoimmune diseases such as thyroiditis. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in patients with type 1 DM. METHODS: A total of 102 patients who were diagnosed and followed up (mean age, 8.1±4.0 years) in Ajou University Hospital were enrolled in this study. All the patients were evaluated for beta cell autoimmunity, including insulin autoantibody, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA), and islet cell antibody...
March 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606436/microencapsulation-of-lutein-by-spray-drying-characterization-and-stability-analyses-to-promote-its-use-as-a-functional-ingredient
#7
María Victoria Álvarez-Henao, Nataly Saavedra, Sonia Medina, Claudio Jiménez Cartagena, Luz Maria Alzate, Julián Londoño-Londoño
Lutein, a xanthophyll, is associated to decreased risk of age-related macular degeneration, atherosclerosis and other diseases (Bovier et al., 2013; El-raey, Ibrahim, & Eldahshan, 2013). When lutein is extracted, it becomes highly unstable, reducing its functionality as an antioxidant. The aim of this research was to improve the stability of lutein using maltodextrin, arabic gum and a modified starch, to obtain micro-particles using spray-drying. Each of the formulations was characterized in terms of yield, encapsulation efficiency, particle size distribution, water activity and moisture content...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603228/functional-properties-of-a-high-protein-beverage-stabilized-with-oat-%C3%AE-glucan
#8
Eva Vasquez-Orejarena, Christopher T Simons, John H Litchfield, Valente B Alvarez
This study evaluated the effect of oat flour and milk protein on the functional properties and sensory acceptability of shelf stable high protein dairy beverages containing at least 0.75 g of oat-β-glucan per serving size. Formulations adjusted to levels of 1.50% to 2.30% oat flour and 2.50% to 4.00% milk protein isolate (MPI) were thermal processed in a rotary retort. The finished product exhibited good suspension stability (>80%). The increase of oat and MPI contents lead to nectar-like beverages (51 to 100 mPas)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565725/potential-application-of-a-low-viscosity-and-high-transparency-xanthan-gum-produced-from-xanthomonas-campestris-cctcc-m2015714-in-foods
#9
Zichao Wang, Libo Yang, Jianrong Wu, Hongtao Zhang, Li Zhu, Xiaobei Zhan
Xanthan gum is commonly used as thickener in food industry, while the usage of xanthan gum as dietary fiber is restricted for its low additive volume. Herein, the potential use of a low-viscosity and high-transparency xanthan gum as dietary fiber was evaluated in vitro . This new xanthan shows better transparency and faster dissolution rate than most commercial products, and its viscosity increases along with the treatment of freeze-thaw cycles at -20 °C. Moreover, this new xanthan can absorb heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu) and retard starch digestion by glucoamylase...
March 22, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564547/the-efficacy-of-a-chewing-gum-containing-phyllanthus-emblica-fruit-extract-in-improving-oral-health
#10
Qian Gao, Xuemei Li, Haitao Huang, Ying Guan, Qili Mi, Jianhua Yao
Phyllanthus emblica: (PE) fruit extract has pharmacological activity and exert anti-bacterial, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects, but few study exist for evaluating its improved effects on the imbalance of oral ecology, which may contribute to series of oral diseases. In this study, an examiner-blinded, randomized, and gum-base-controlled crossover manner was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a sugar-free chewing gum containing PE fruit extract in changing the oral microbiome. Twenty healthy young adults were randomly instructed to chew either PE gum or placebo gum...
March 21, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559963/the-impact-of-maltitol-sweetened-chewing-gum-on-the-dental-plaque-biofilm-microbiota-composition
#11
Bart J F Keijser, Tim J van den Broek, Dagmar E Slot, Lodewic van Twillert, Jolanda Kool, Clémentine Thabuis, Michel Ossendrijver, Fridus A van der Weijden, Roy C Montijn
Background: The oral cavity harbors a complex microbial ecosystem, intimately related to oral health and disease. The use of polyol-sweetened gum is believed to benefit oral health through stimulation of salivary flow and impacting oral pathogenic bacteria. Maltitol is often used as sweetener in food products. This study aimed to establish the in vivo effects of frequent consumption of maltitol-sweetened chewing gum on the dental plaque microbiota in healthy volunteers and to establish the cellular and molecular effects by in vitro cultivation and transcriptional analysis...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558953/effect-of-gum-arabic-acacia-senegal-supplementation-on-visceral-adiposity-index-vai-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-as-indicators-of-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-a-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Rasha Babiker, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Michael B Keogh, Amal M Saeed
BACKGROUND: There is a strong association between cardiometabolic risk and adipose tissue dysfunction with great consequences on type 2 diabetic patients. Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI) is an indirect clinical marker of adipose tissue dysfunction. Gum Arabic (GA) is a safe dietary fiber, an exudate of Acacia Senegal. Gum Arabic had shown lipid lowering effect in both humans and animals. The aim of this trial was to determine the effect of GA supplementation on anthropometric obesity marker, Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI) and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
March 20, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557512/-infantile-convulsions-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-abnormal-brain-blood-flow-and-leeches-teething-and-gums-scarification-and-food-and-purgatives-the-historical-contribution-of-john-clarke-1760-1815
#13
EDITORIAL
Francesco Brigo, Simona Lattanzi, Eugen Trinka, Raffaele Nardone, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Martino Ruggieri, Ignazio Vecchio, Mariano Martini
In this article, we discuss on the role of the British physician and midwifery practitioner John Clarke (1760-1815) in the characterisation of the various types of seizures and epilepsy and related phenomena ('convulsions') occurring in children. In his unfinished work Commentaries on Some of the Most Important Diseases of Children (1815), Clarke discussed the pathophysiology of convulsions and was the first to describe, 12 years before the French neurologist Louis Francois Bravais (1801-1843) and more than 30 years before the Irish-born physician Robert Bentley Todd (1809-1860), the postictal paresis...
March 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550811/gum-acacia-improves-renal-function-and-ameliorates-systemic-inflammation-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats-with-adenine-induced-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Mohammed Al Za'abi, Suhail Al Salam, Yousuf Al Suleimani, Priyadarsini Manoj, Abderrahim Nemmar, Badreldin H Ali
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of treatment with gum acacia (GA), a prebiotic shown previously to ameliorate chronic kidney disease (CKD), in diabetic and non - diabetic rats with adenine - induced CKD has been investigated using several conventional and novel physiological, biochemical, and histopathological parameters. METHODS: Diabetes mellitus was induced in rats by a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetic and non - diabetic rats were randomly divided into several groups, and given either normal food or food mixed with adenine (0...
March 13, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537665/pulpotomy-management-using-laser-diode-in-pediatric-patient-with-severe-hemophilia-a-under-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#15
Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Trinh Do Van Nga, Dinh-Toi Chu, Le Quynh Anh
Hemophilia-a bleeding disorder due to the lack of clotting factors-is mostly induced by genetic factors. Its most common type is hemophilia A. Hemorrhage in hemophilia A may occur in several different sites of the body, including those inside the oral cavity, such as mucous membrane and gum. However, only a few studies and case reports on dental issues of hemophilia A patients have been conducted. In clinical dentistry, treatment procedures are invasive, possibly leading to more severe bleeding, especially in hemophilia A cases...
March 14, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530608/frankincense-and-myrrh-essential-oils-and-burn-incense-fume-against-micro-inhabitants-of-sacral-ambients-wisdom-of-the-ancients
#16
Milica Ljaljević Grbić, Nikola Unković, Ivica Dimkić, Peđa Janaćković, Milan Gavrilović, Olja Stanojević, Miloš Stupar, Ljubodrag Vujisić, Aleksa Jelikić, Slaviša Stanković, Jelena Vukojević
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils obtained from resins of Boswellia carteri Birdw. and Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl., commonly known as frankincense and true myrrh respectively, have been used extensively since 2800 B.C. for the treatment of skin sores, wounds, teeth, inflammation, and urinary tract diseases in traditional medicine; for preparation of mummification balms and unguents; and also as incense and perfumes. Since ancient times, burning of frankincense and myrrh in places of worship for spiritual purposes and contemplation (a ubiquitous practice across various religions) had hygienic functions, to refine the smell and reduce contagion by purifying the indoor air...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515301/efficacy-and-safety-of-cyclosporine-versus-tacrolimus-in-steroid-and-cyclophosphamide-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#17
N Prasad, R Manjunath, D Rangaswamy, A Jaiswal, V Agarwal, D Bhadauria, A Kaul, R Sharma, A Gupta
Calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) are the preferred drugs for treatment of childhood steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) who are also resistant to cyclophosphamide (CYC). Although few studies have shown a benefit of one over the other, efficacy and safety of either CNIs (tacrolimus [TAC] or cyclosporine [CSA]) in this special population remained to be assessed in long-term studies. Forty-five children with SRNS who were also resistant to CYC (CYC-SRNS) from January 2006 to June 2011, were included in the study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505755/meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-gum-chewing-after-gynecologic-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Seong Hi Park, Myung Sook Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the scientific evidence related to gum chewing to reduce ileus after gynecologic surgery. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using Ovid Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of gum chewing after gynecologic surgery in which the main outcomes measured were time to first flatus, time to defecation, and length of hospital stay...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496065/neck-recurrence-in-clinically-node-negative-oral-cancer-27-year-experience-at-a-single-institution
#19
Aviram Mizrachi, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Pablo H Montero, Sean McBride, Jatin P Shah, Snehal G Patel, Ian Ganly
OBJECTIVES: Neck failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) carries a poor outcome, yet the management of patients who initially present with clinically node-negative (cN0) neck is not clearly defined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with cN0 OSCC treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from 1985 to 2012, focusing on rate, pattern and predictors of neck failure, salvage treatment, and survival outcomes. RESULTS: Of 1,302 patients, 806 (62%) underwent elective neck dissection (END) and 496 (38%) had observation...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495286/triterpene-acids-from-frankincense-and-semi-synthetic-derivatives-that-inhibit-5-lipoxygenase-and-cathepsin-g
#20
Andreas Koeberle, Arne Henkel, Moritz Verhoff, Lars Tausch, Stefanie König, Dagmar Fischer, Nicole Kather, Stefanie Seitz, Michael Paul, Johann Jauch, Oliver Werz
Age-related diseases, such as osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, are often associated with chronic unresolved inflammation. Neutrophils play central roles in this process by releasing tissue-degenerative proteases, such as cathepsin G, as well as pro-inflammatory leukotrienes produced by the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway. Boswellic acids (BAs) are pentacyclic triterpene acids contained in the gum resin of the anti-inflammatory remedy frankincense that target cathepsin G and 5-LO in neutrophils, and might thus represent suitable leads for intervention with age-associated diseases that have a chronic inflammatory component...
February 24, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
61057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"