keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gum disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709171/omental-actinomycosis-imitating-a-foreign-body-infection
#1
Yoo Shin Choi, Yong Gum Park
Actinomycosis is a rare chronic disease caused by a group of anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria that colonize the mouth, colon, and urogenital tract. Infection involving the cervicofacial area is the most common clinical presentation, followed by that of the pelvic and thoracic areas. The preoperative diagnosis of abdominal actinomycosis is difficult because the condition can be easily confused with malignancy, tuberculosis, or other inflammatory diseases. We report a case of omental actinomycosis mimicking a foreign body...
July 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693407/patterns-of-drugs-prescribed-for-dental-outpatients-in-nigeria-findings-and-implications
#2
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Obitade S Obimakinde, Abayomi O Sijuade, Jide M Afolayan, Adeyinka A Adeleke, Brian Godman, Damilola O Ojumu
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns with inappropriate prescribing of medicines among dentists especially antimicrobials. It is more concerning if this increases resistance rates. This study aimed to address this by assessing patterns of drugs prescribed for outpatients attending a hospital dental clinic in Nigeria. The findings will be used to plan future interventions, particularly around antimicrobial prescribing, where there are concerns. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records of patients attending the dental clinic of a leading teaching hospital in Nigeria were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691459/periodontal-microbioma-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-role-of-porhyromonas-gingivalis
#3
L Azzi, S Rania, R Vinci, F Spadari, F Croveri, C Scognamiglio, D Farronato, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue, J Silvestre-Rangil, C Bellintani
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease, which can be described as an autoimmune response after molecular mimicry caused by infective agents. The current study aims at evaluating the correlation between Rhematoid Arthritis (RA) and Periodontal Disease (PD), with special attention to the microbioma detected in the gums. Thirty-four patients with RD were recruited into the current study. Among rheumatic parameters, Rheumatoid Factor (RF), anti-citrullinated protein antibody (CCP), HLA-BDR1 and DAS28 were collected...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680811/microrna-profiling-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-of-periodontitis-a-pilot-study
#4
Akira Saito, Masafumi Horie, Kenichiro Ejiri, Akira Aoki, Sayaka Katagiri, Shogo Maekawa, Shinta Suzuki, Sophannary Kong, Tsuneto Yamauchi, Yoko Yamaguchi, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuhiro Ohshima
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the interface of teeth and surrounding tissues. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is an exudate of the periodontal tissues and can be collected from the gap between the tooth and gum (gingival sulcus or periodontal pocket) with paper strips. Testing of GCF is a low-cost and minimally invasive procedure. In a variety of diseases, microRNAs (miRNAs) in body fluids are implicated in pathogenesis, and are suggested as potential diagnostic biomarkers. Here, we profiled miRNAs in GCF (two chronic periodontitis, one aggressive periodontitis, and five healthy subjects) using miRCURY LNA™ Universal RT microRNA PCR System, which yielded quantitative measures of more than 600 miRNAs...
July 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661811/oral-health-intervention-for-low-income-african-american-men-in-atlanta-georgia
#5
LaShawn M Hoffman, Latrice Rollins, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Katherine Erwin, Kimberly Lewis, Natalie Hernandez, Assia Miller
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Minority Men's Oral Health Dental Access Program (MOHDAP) intervention and report participants' outcomes and satisfaction. METHODS: MOHDAP was designed to increase the oral health knowledge of low-income, African American men in Atlanta, GA, in 2013. A community-based participatory approach and needs assessment guided the intervention development, which consisted of 3 educational modules delivered over a 2-day period. All participants (n = 45; mean age = 50 years) were African American men...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660458/hypoglycaemic-and-hypolipidaemic-properties-of-peach-gum-polysaccharides
#6
Shengjun Wu, Mingsheng Lu, Shujun Wang
Hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia are major risk factors for coronary artery diseases and atherosclerosis. Peach gum polysaccharides (PGPs) possess various bioactivities. In this study, PGPs were extracted with thermostable α-amylase and investigated in terms of hypolipidaemic and hypoglycaemic activities. KKAy mice were gavaged once daily with either PGPs or distilled water (control group) for 3 weeks. Oral administration of PGPs decreased the levels of serum triglyceride, cholesterol low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, plasma insulin, C-peptide, and HbAlc in mice...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654020/effects-of-non-starch-polysaccharides-on-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
REVIEW
Ying Nie, Qinlu Lin, Feijun Luo
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased considerably over the past few decades. In the present review, we discuss several disadvantages existing in the treatment of IBD and current understandings of the structures, sources, and natures of various kinds of non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs). Available evidences for the use of different sources of NSPs in IBD treatment both in vitro and in vivo are analyzed, including glucan from oat bran, mushroom, seaweed, pectin, gum, prebiotics, etc...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650029/nanoparticle-encapsulated-baicalein-markedly-modulates-pro-inflammatory-response-in-gingival-epithelial-cells
#8
Xuan Li, Wei Luo, Tsz Wing Ng, Ping Chung Leung, Chengfei Zhang, Ken Cham-Fai Leung, Lijian Jin
Severe gum disease (periodontitis), which is one of the major global oral diseases, results from microbe-host dysbiosis and dysregulated immuno-inflammatory responses. It seriously affects oral health and general wellbeing with significant socio-economic implications. It has been well documented that natural flavonoids such as baicalin (BA) and baicalein (BE) possess potent anti-inflammatory effects. However, their intrinsic poor solubility and low bioavailability severely limit their biomedical applications...
June 26, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645519/the-repellent-efficacy-of-eleven-essential-oils-against-adult-dermacentor-reticulatus-ticks
#9
Katarína Štefanidesová, Ľudovít Škultéty, Olivier A E Sparagano, Eva Špitalská
Dermacentor reticulatus ticks are among the most important arthropod vectors of zoonotic disease agents in Europe. Eleven essential oils, namely basil (Ocimum basilicum), bergamot (Citrus bergamia), clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum), citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), lemon-scented gum (Corymbia citriodora), marjoram (Origanum majorana), peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (M. spicata), and red thyme (Thymus vulgaris) were tested for repellency against adult D...
August 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605006/treating-periodontal-disease-for-preventing-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-pregnant-women
#10
REVIEW
Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Philippa Middleton, Marco Esposito, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been linked with a number of conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes, all likely through systemic inflammatory pathways. It is common in women of reproductive age and gum conditions tend to worsen during pregnancy. Some evidence from observational studies suggests that periodontal intervention may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is need for a comprehensive Cochrane review of randomised trials to assess the effect of periodontal treatment on perinatal and maternal health...
June 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602746/role-of-oral-and-gut-microbiome-in-nitric-oxide-mediated-colon-motility
#11
REVIEW
Miriam Y Walker, Pratap S, Janet H Southerland, C Farmer-Dixon, L Kesavalu, P Gangula
Periodontal disease (PD), a severe form of gum disease, is among the most prevalent chronic infection in humans and is associated with complex microbial synergistic dysbiosis in the subgingival cavity. The immune system of the body interacts with the microbes as the plaque extends and propagates below the gingival sulcus. Once bacteria reach the gingival sulcus, it can enter the blood stream and affect various areas of the human body. The polymicrobial nature of periodontal disease, if left untreated, promotes chronic inflammation, not only within the oral cavity, but also throughout the human body...
June 7, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589039/gum-arabic-reduces-c-reactive-protein-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-without-affecting-urea-or-indoxyl-sulfate-levels
#12
Sarra Elamin, Mariam J Alkhawaja, Amina Y Bukhamsin, Mohamed A S Idris, Muntasir M Abdelrahman, Nasrulla K Abutaleb, Abdulrahman A Housawi
INTRODUCTION: Gum Arabic (GA) is a complex polysaccharide with proven prebiotic properties and potentially beneficial systemic effects. METHODS: We randomly allocated 36 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients to receive 10, 20, or 40 grams daily of GA for four weeks and studied the systemic effects of this intervention. RESULTS: Thirty participants completed the study with baseline glomerular filtration rate 29.1 ± 9.9 mL/min/1.7 m(2)...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583214/trichomonas-tenax-and-periodontal-diseases-a-concise-review
#13
Mathieu Marty, Mathieu Lemaitre, Philippe Kémoun, Jean-Jacques Morrier, Paul Monsarrat
Periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis), result from a disruption of the host-oral microbiome homoeostasis. Whereas the pathological role of some specific bacterial strains during periodontal diseases is well documented, the impact of parasites in periodontium pathophysiology is still under debate. This review aims to collect data about the prevalence and the potential role of Trichomonas tenax during periodontal diseases. Data from 47 studies revealed that T. tenax prevalence in diseased periodontium ranged from 0 to 94·1%...
June 6, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566850/antiplaque-efficacy-of-tooth-and-gums-tonic-hiora-ga-gel-and-spirogyl-gum-paint-in-comparison-with-chlorhexidine-m-gel-a-double-blind-randomized-control-trial
#14
Jagadeeswara Rao Sukhabogi, B R Chandra Shekar, I Venkata Ramana, Sarjeev Singh Yadav, G Satish Kumar, N Harita
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of three different herbal products (Tooth and Gums Tonic, Hiora-GA gel, and Spirogyl Gum paint) in reducing plaque, gingival inflammation and bacterial count in comparison with chlorhexidine M gel among participants with moderate to severe periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eighty participants with moderate to severe periodontitis were initially recruited after obtaining their informed consent. All participants were offered scaling and polishing on the first visit to remove visible calculus...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565741/-analysis-of-clinical-efficacy-of-recombinant-activated-factor-%C3%A2-on-bleeding-in-patients-with-hematologic-disorders
#15
W Liu, F Xue, X F Liu, E L Jiang, D L Yang, K Q Liu, Z J Xiao, F K Zhang, S Z Feng, M Z Han, L Zhang, R C Yang
Objective: To investigate the treatment efficacy of recombinant activated factor Ⅶ (rFⅦa) for bleeding among patients with hematologic disorders. Methods: A total of 38 times of bleeding in 31 patients with hematological disease treated with rFⅦa were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The clinical effective rate of rFⅦa for bleeding management in acquired hemophilia A (AHA) patients/hemophilia patients with inhibitor, acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients and patients with non-APL leukemia was 90% (9/10) , 71...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533304/modulation-of-the-gut-microbiota-impacts-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-potential-role-for-bile-acids
#16
Aafke W F Janssen, Tom Houben, Saeed Katiraei, Wieneke Dijk, Lily Boutens, Nieke van der Bolt, Zeneng Wang, J Mark Brown, Stanley L Hazen, Stéphane Mandard, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov, Folkert Kuipers, Ko Willems van Dijk, Jacques Vervoort, Rinke Stienstra, Guido J E J Hooiveld, Sander Kersten
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide, yet the pathogenesis of NAFLD is only partially understood. Here, we investigated the role of the gut bacteria in NAFLD by stimulating the gut bacteria via feeding mice the fermentable dietary fiber, guar gum (GG), and suppressing the gut bacteria via chronic oral administration of antibiotics. GG feeding profoundly altered the gut microbiota composition, in parallel with reduced diet-induced obesity and improved glucose tolerance...
July 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#17
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503128/a-confounding-case-of-inherited-factor-v-deficiency-complicated-by-inhibitors-at-first-presentation
#18
Hema Subramanian, Rakhee Kar, Deepak Charles, Hitha Babu, Pagadalu Ambika, Tarun Kumar Dutta
INTRODUCTION: Inherited factor V deficiency / Owren's disease has varied clinical manifestations ranging from asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities to massive hemorrhage. The acquired form due to inhibitors following antibiotic therapy, infection, or surgery is less common, and spontaneous development of inhibitors is not known. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old boy presented with bleeding axillary and groin ulcers. At the age of 15, due to recurrent epistaxis and gum bleed, he was diagnosed with acquired factor V deficiency with positive inhibitor screen and treated with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusion and temporary azathioprine...
April 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#19
EDITORIAL
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476775/defining-genetic-fitness-determinants-and-creating-genomic-resources-for-an-oral-pathogen
#20
Ajay M Narayanan, Matthew M Ramsey, Apollo Stacy, Marvin Whiteley
Periodontitis is a microbial infection that destroys the structures that support the teeth. Although it is typically a chronic condition, rapidly progressing, aggressive forms are associated with the oral pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans One of this bacterium's key virulence traits is its ability to attach to surfaces and form robust biofilms that resist killing by the host and antibiotics. Though much has been learned about A. actinomycetemcomitans since its initial discovery, we lack insight into a fundamental aspect of its basic biology, as we do not know the full set of genes that it requires for viability (the essential genome)...
July 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
keyword
keyword
61057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"