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clinical Neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632523/frontotemporal-dementia-presenting-as-gambling-disorder-when-a-psychiatric-condition-is-the-clue-to-a-neurodegenerative-disease
#1
Giacomo Tondo, Fabiola De Marchi, Emanuela Terazzi, Marta Sacchetti, Roberto Cantello
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, the most common form of frontotemporal dementia, is characterized by executive dysfunction and changes in personality and behavior, sometimes with associated psychiatric disorders. We report a man who suddenly developed a gambling disorder when he was 55 years old. A year later he developed personality changes of agitation, euphoria, and disinhibition, along with binge eating and dysthymia. He did not improve on paroxetine 40 mg/day. Two years after the onset of his symptoms, he came to our clinic for evaluation...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632025/use-of-latent-class-analysis-to-define-groups-based-on-validity-cognition-and-emotional-functioning
#2
Ruth T Morin, Bradley N Axelrod
OBJECTIVE: Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to classify a heterogeneous sample of neuropsychology data. In particular, we used measures of performance validity, symptom validity, cognition, and emotional functioning to assess and describe latent groups of functioning in these areas. METHOD: A data-set of 680 neuropsychological evaluation protocols was analyzed using a LCA. Data were collected from evaluations performed for clinical purposes at an urban medical center...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632024/performance-validity-testing-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Katherine E Dorociak, Evan T Schulze, Lauren E Piper, Robert E Molokie, Julie K Janecek
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologists utilize performance validity tests (PVTs) as objective means for drawing inferences about performance validity. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a well-validated, stand-alone PVT and the Reliable Digit Span (RDS) and Reliable Digit Span-Revised (RDS-R) from the Digit Span subtest of the WAIS-IV are commonly employed, embedded PVTs. While research has demonstrated the utility of these PVTs with various clinical samples, no research has investigated their use in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition associated with multiple neurological, physical, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631992/validity-of-a-verbal-incidental-learning-measure-from-the-wais-iv-in-older-adults
#4
Dustin B Hammers, Amanda M Kucera, Stephanie J Card, Kathryn A Tolle, Taylor J Atkinson, Kevin Duff, Robert J Spencer
Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL...
March 2, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631987/development-of-a-scale-of-executive-functioning-for-the-rbans
#5
Robert J Spencer, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Kathryn A Tolle
The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a cognitive battery that contains scales of several cognitive abilities, but no scale in the instrument is exclusively dedicated to executive functioning. Although the subtests allow for observation of executive-type errors, each error is of fairly low base rate, and healthy and clinical normative data are lacking on the frequency of these types of errors, making their significance difficult to interpret in isolation. The aim of this project was to create an RBANS executive errors scale (RBANS EE) with items comprised of qualitatively dysexecutive errors committed throughout the test...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631967/reasons-for-referral-and-findings-of-clinical-neuropsychological-assessment-in-youth-with-mental-illness-a-clinical-file-audit
#6
Tina-Marie Proffitt, Warrick J Brewer, Emma M Parrish, Patrick D McGorry, Kelly A Allott
Study aims were to 1) determine the characteristics and reasons for referral for Clinical Neuropsychological Assessment (CNA) and 2) characterize the findings and recommendations contained in the CNA reports, of clients attending a youth mental health service. File audit of all CNA reports (N = 140) of youth attending a mental health service. Cognitive performances on neuropsychological tests that were administered to >50% of clients were examined. Referral reasons, findings, and recommendations for future treatment were coded and described from neuropsychological files...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631966/executive-functioning-of-portuguese-preschoolers-in-the-shape-school-test-a-cross-cultural-study
#7
Joana Rodrigues Rato, Filipa Ribeiro, Alexandre Castro-Caldas
The Shape School is a neuropsychological test of executive functions (EF) for preschool-aged children. The purposes of this study were: (a) to adapt the use of the Shape School for European Portuguese preschool children and (b) to examine the cultural sensitivity of this test comparing the performance of Portuguese sample and U.S. normative sample. The executive functioning of 233 typically developing children aged 3 to 5 years old (M = 57.52; SD = 10.25; in months) was analyzed and according to our results, the adapted version was appropriate to obtain the discrimination among age-groups...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631193/current-concepts-of-memory-disorder-in-epilepsy-edging-towards-a-network-account
#8
REVIEW
Genevieve Rayner, Chris Tailby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A paradigm shift in contemporary epileptology has been the reframing of both epilepsy and its comorbid memory disorders as the product of diseased brain networks. The current review discusses some of the clinical and theoretical implications that stem from this shift. RECENT FINDINGS: Some implications of a network conceptualisation of epilepsy include a need for more widespread cognitive phenotyping in epilepsy; recognition that memory disorders in epilepsy can be multi-determined, including by non-structural factors; deeper consideration given to the neurodevelopmental context in which memory problems emerge; the utility of new methods to characterise memory impairments in epilepsy; and a call for greater recognition of the close interrelationships between memory comorbidities and psychiatric symptoms in epilepsy...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630492/towards-affordable-biomarkers-of-frontotemporal-dementia-a-classification-study-via-network-s-information-sharing
#9
Martin Dottori, Lucas Sedeño, Miguel Martorell Caro, Florencia Alifano, Eugenia Hesse, Ezequiel Mikulan, Adolfo M García, Amparo Ruiz-Tagle, Patricia Lillo, Andrea Slachevsky, Cecilia Serrano, Daniel Fraiman, Agustin Ibanez
Developing effective and affordable biomarkers for dementias is critical given the difficulty to achieve early diagnosis. In this sense, electroencephalographic (EEG) methods offer promising alternatives due to their low cost, portability, and growing robustness. Here, we relied on EEG signals and a novel information-sharing method to study resting-state connectivity in patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and controls. To evaluate the specificity of our results, we also tested Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627991/apa-annual-convention-division-40-society-for-clinical-neuropsychology-program-summary-august-3-6-2017-washington-d-c
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627790/regional-cerebral-blood-flow-in-opiate-dependence-relates-to-substance-use-and-neuropsychological-performance
#11
Donna E Murray, Timothy C Durazzo, Thomas P Schmidt, Troy A Murray, Christoph Abé, Joseph Guydish, Dieter J Meyerhoff
Neuroimaging of opiate-dependent individuals indicates both altered brain structure and function. Magnetic resonance-based arterial spin labeling has been used to measure noninvasively cerebral blood flow (i.e. perfusion) in alcohol, tobacco and stimulant dependence; only one arterial spin labeling paper in opiate-dependent individuals demonstrated frontal and parietal perfusion deficits. Additional research on regional brain perfusion in opiate dependence and its relationship to cognition and self-regulation (impulsivity, risk taking and decision making) may inform treatment approaches for opiate-dependent individuals...
June 19, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627719/the-frontal-assessment-battery-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Miriam Hurtado-Pomares, M Carmen Terol-Cantero, Alicia Sánchez-Pérez, Paula Peral-Gómez, Desirée Valera-Gran, Eva María Navarrete-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: The frontal assessment battery (FAB) is a brief tool designed to evaluate executive function. Some studies have particularly focused on assessing its applicability addressing two issues: first, on detecting the brain regions responsible for the FAB performance, and second, on determining its capability for differential diagnosis. Our aim was to summarize and analyze critically the studies that assessed the neuroanatomical correspondence and the differential diagnostic value of the FAB in several study populations suffering from different pathologies...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626445/adverse-childhood-experiences-are-linked-to-age-of-onset-and-reading-recognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Michael T Shaw, Natalie O Pawlak, Ariana Frontario, Kathleen Sherman, Lauren B Krupp, Leigh E Charvet
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exert a psychological and physiological toll that increases risk of chronic conditions, poorer social functioning, and cognitive impairment in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between childhood adversity and clinical disease features in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Sixty-seven participants with MS completed the ACE assessment and neuropsychological assessments as part of a larger clinical trial of cognitive remediation...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625940/prodromal-stage-of-disease-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-how-to-diagnose-in-practice
#14
Frédéric Blanc, Marc Verny
Disease with Lewy bodies or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), particularly at the prodromal stage, is a complex disease to diagnose because of different clinical beginnings and variable paths in terms of clinical expression. Thus DLB can be entcountered in different input modes: mild cognitive impairment, depression, acute behavioral disorders, confusion and delirium, or sleep disorders. In the aim to better diagnose the disease, should be sought obviously to search for the key symptoms: fluctuations, hallucinations, extra-pyramidal syndrome, and REM sleep behavior disorder...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625346/the-role-of-the-motor-system-in-action-naming-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-extrapyramidal-syndromes
#15
REVIEW
Maria Cotelli, Rosa Manenti, Michela Brambilla, Barbara Borroni
Previous studies of patients with brain damage have suggested a close relationship between aphasia and movement disorders. Neurodegenerative extrapyramidal syndromes associated with cognitive impairment provide an interesting model for studying the neural substrates of cognitive and motor symptoms. In this review, we focused on studies investigating language production abilities in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), Corticobasal Syndrome (CBS) and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP). According to some reports, these patients exhibit a reduction in performance in both action and object naming or verb production compared to healthy individuals...
May 26, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625188/symptoms-of-depression-in-a-large-healthy-population-cohort-are-related-to-subjective-memory-complaints-and-memory-performance-in-negative-contexts
#16
S Schweizer, R A Kievit, T Emery, R N Henson
BACKGROUND: Decades of research have investigated the impact of clinical depression on memory, which has revealed biases and in some cases impairments. However, little is understood about the effects of subclinical symptoms of depression on memory performance in the general population. METHODS: Here we report the effects of symptoms of depression on memory problems in a large population-derived cohort (N = 2544), 87% of whom reported at least one symptom of depression...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623728/epilepsy-surgery-in-patients-older-than-50-years-effectiveness-safety-and-predictors-of-outcome
#18
Piergiorgio d' Orio, Veronica Pelliccia, Francesca Gozzo, Francesco Cardinale, Laura Castana, Giorgio Lo Russo, Gabriella Bottini, Pina Scarpa, Massimo Cossu
PURPOSE: Surgery is an effective treatment for drug resistant focal epilepsy. Predictors of seizure outcome have been extensively addressed in the general population but similar data on older patients are still lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate effectiveness and safety of surgery for patients over 50 years and to investigate variables associated to seizure outcome. METHODS: We performed a single center retrospective study including 50 patients over 50 years treated surgically for drug resistant focal epilepsy between 1997 and 2014...
June 10, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623461/neuropsychological-test-administration-by-videoconference-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Timothy W Brearly, Robert D Shura, Sarah L Martindale, Rory A Lazowski, David D Luxton, Brian V Shenal, Jared A Rowland
The purpose of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of videoconference administration on adult neurocognitive tests. We investigated whether the scores acquired during a videoconference administration were different from those acquired during on-site administration. Relevant counterbalanced crossover studies were identified according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Twelve studies met criteria for analysis. Included samples consisted of healthy adults as well as those with psychiatric or neurocognitive disorders, with mean ages ranging from 34 to 88 years...
June 16, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620925/validity-of-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-functional-assessment-tool-and-mini-mental-state-examination-for-detecting-the-incidence-of-dementia-in-older-japanese-adults
#20
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Hyuntae Park, Takehiko Doi, Sangyoon Lee
AIM: Numerous neuropsychological tests are implemented in the clinical setting. However, a readily available cognitive test is required to detect the risk of dementia in the community setting. METHODS: A total of 4151 persons aged ≥65 years participated in the present prospective cohort study. We assessed cognitive performance using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool. The National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool includes tests of story and word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill to screen for cognitive impairment...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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