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iron oxide nanoparticles

Dimitri Vanhecke, Dagmar A Kuhn, Dorleta Jimenez de Aberasturi, Sandor Balog, Ana Milosevic, Dominic Urban, Diana Peckys, Niels de Jonge, Wolfgang J Parak, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
Little is known about the simultaneous uptake of different engineered nanoparticle types, as it can be expected in our daily life. In order to test such co-exposure effects, murine macrophages (J774A.1 cell line) were incubated with gold (AuNPs) and iron oxide nanoparticles (FeO x NPs) either alone or combined. Environmental scanning electron microscopy revealed that single NPs of both types bound within minutes on the cell surface but with a distinctive difference between FeO x NPs and AuNPs. Uptake analysis studies based on laser scanning microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry revealed intracellular appearance of both NP types in all exposure scenarios and a time-dependent increase...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Xinyu Hu, Yongmei Wang, Liangliang Zhang, Man Xu, Jianfa Zhang, Wei Dong
Salecan is a novel water-soluble extracellular β-glucan and suitable for the hydrogel preparation due to its excellent physicochemical and biological properties. The present article describes the fabrication and characterization of a pH/magnetic field-driven hydrogel based on salecan-g-poly(vinylacetic acid-co-2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) [poly(VA-co-HEA)] copolymer and Fe3O4@Agarose nanoparticles for drug release testing. Vibrating sample magnetometer characterization verified that integration of Fe3O4@Agarose nanoparticles in the copolymer provided the sensitivity to magnetic fields...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Alexander Winter, Svenja Engels, Lena Reinhardt, Clara Wasylow, Holger Gerullis, Friedhelm Wawroschek
Sentinel lymph node dissection (sLND) using a magnetometer and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as a tracer was successfully applied in prostate cancer (PCa). Radioisotope-guided sLND combined with extended pelvic LND (ePLND) achieved better node removal, increasing the number of affected nodes or the detection of sentinel lymph nodes outside the established ePLND template. We determined the diagnostic value of additional magnetometer-guided sLND after intraprostatic SPION-injection in high-risk PCa...
December 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Guosheng Song, Min Chen, Yanrong Zhang, Liyang Cui, Haibo Qu, Xianchuang Zheng, Max Wintermark, Zhuang Liu, Jianghong Rao
Iron oxides nanoparticles tailored for magnetic particle imaging (MPI) have been synthesized, and their MPI signal intensity is 3 times of commercial MPI contrast (Ferucarbotran, also called Vivotrax) and 7 times of MRI contrast (Feraheme) at the same Fe concentration. MPI tailored iron oxide nanoparticles were encapsulated with semiconducting polymers to produce Janus nanoparticles that possessed optical and magnetic properties for MPI and fluorescence imaging. Janus particles were applied to cancer cell labeling and in vivo tracking, and as few as 250 cells were imaged by MPI after implantation, corresponding to an amount of 7...
December 12, 2017: Nano Letters
L-D Zhu, Erkki Hiltunen, Zhaohua Li
Using naked iron oxide (Fe3O4) and yttrium iron oxide (Y3Fe5O12) nanoparticles as flocculants, the harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris biomass was investigated. The harvesting process includes two steps, which are the separation of microalgae from the culture solution with the magnetic nanoparticles and then the separation of the algae from the magnetic nanoparticles. The optimal dosages and pH values for the magnetic harvesting of microalgal biomass were determined. Results showed that Y3Fe5O12 nanoparticles were more efficient in microalgal biomass harvesting than Fe3O4 nanoparticles...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
Kesavan Mookkandi Palsamy, Ayyanaar Srinivasan, Vijayakumar Vijayaparthasarathi, Dhaveethu Raja Jeyaraj, Annaraj Jamespandi, Sakthipandi Kathiresan, Rajesh Jegathalaprathaban
The nano sized Rifampicin (RIF) has been prepared in order to increase the solubility in aqueous solution, which lead to remarkable enhancement of its bioavailability and their convenient delivery system studied by newly produced non-toxic, biodegradable magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MIONs) cross-linked Polyethylene glycol hybrid Chitosan (mCS-PEG) gel beads. The functionalization of both nano RIF and mCS-PEG gel beads were studied using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The size of prepared nano RIF was found to be 70...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Khadijat O Abdulwahab, Mohammad A Malik, Paul O'Brien, Iñigo J Vitorica-Yrezabal, Grigore A Timco, Floriana Tuna, Richard E P Winpenny
Monodisperse cobalt chromium ferrite (FeCoCrO4) nanoparticles have been synthesised using the trimetallic pivalate cluster [CrCoFeO(O2CtBu)6(HO2CtBu)3]. The precursor was thermolysed in oleylamine and oleic acid, with diphenyl ether as the solvent at 260 °C. The effect of time and the concentration of the precursor on the stoichiometry of the phase formed and/or the morphology of the nanoparticles was studied. The reaction time was investigated by withdrawing aliquots at different times. No products were formed after 5 minutes and aliquots withdrawn at reaction times of less than 1 hour contain traces of iron oxide (Fe2O3); only cubic cobalt chromium ferrite (FeCoCrO4) was obtained after one hour...
December 8, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Wei Teng, Nan Bai, Yang Liu, Yupu Liu, Jianwei Fan, Wei-Xian Zhang
Excessive nutrients (N and P) are among the most concerned pollutants in surface and ground waters. Herein, we report nanoscale zero-valent iron supported on ordered mesoporous carbon (nZVI@OMC) for electrocatalytic reduction of nitrate (NO3-) to nitrogen gas (N2). This material has a maximum removal capacity of 315 mg N/g Fe and nitrogen selectivity up to 74%. The Fe-C nanocomposite is prepared via a postsynthetic modification including carbon surface oxidation, in-situ ammonia prehydrolysis of iron precursor and hydrogen reduction...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Arati G Kolhatkar, Yi-Ting Chen, Pawilai Chinwangso, Ivan Nekrashevich, Gamage C Dannangoda, Ankit Singh, Andrew C Jamison, Oussama Zenasni, Irene A Rusakova, Karen S Martirosyan, Dmitri Litvinov, Shoujun Xu, Richard C Willson, T Randall Lee
This paper highlights the relation between the shape of iron oxide (Fe3O4) particles and their magnetic sensing ability. We synthesized Fe3O4 nanocubes and nanospheres having tunable sizes via solvothermal and thermal decomposition synthesis reactions, respectively, to obtain samples in which the volumes and body diagonals/diameters were equivalent. Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) data showed that the saturation magnetization (Ms) and coercivity of 100-225 nm cubic magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were, respectively, 1...
November 30, 2017: ACS Omega
Fengshan Shen, Je-Kyun Park
To accurately assess potential nanotoxicity on the basis of cellular iron content, the precise separation of cells into subpopulations according to their magnetic nanoparticle loading is of crucial importance. In this study, we developed a microfluidic magnetophoresis device consisting of a trapezoidal channel containing five side outlet branches and a narrow rectangular channel with three outlet branches. This unique structure enabled the sequential separation of cells loaded with tiny amounts of iron oxide and cells heavily labeled with iron oxide, in a single device...
December 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Tuyen Duong Thanh Nguyen, Arunkumar Pitchaimani, Colin Ferrel, Ravindra Thakkar, Santosh Aryal
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are highly biocompatible and have a versatile synthetic technique based on coprecipitation, reduction-precipitation, and hydrothermal methods, where Fe3+ and Fe2+ react in aqueous solutions; both these ions are present in our body and have clear metabolic pathways; therefore, they have attracted extensive research interest and development in the field of diagnostic imaging and therapy. However, most SPION-based clinical diagnostic contrast agents are discontinued due to severe pain, low transverse magnetic relaxivity range of 80-180 mM-1 s-1, shorter circulation half-life, and lack of disease specificity...
December 6, 2017: Nanoscale
Sudip Mondal, Panchanathan Manivasagan, Subramaniyan Bharathiraja, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Van Tu Nguyen, Hye Hyun Kim, Seung Yun Nam, Kang Dae Lee, Junghwan Oh
Targeting cancer cells without injuring normal cells is the prime objective in treatment of cancer. In this present study, solvothermal and wet chemical precipitation techniques were employed to synthesize iron oxide (IO), hydroxyapatite (HAp), and hydroxyapatite coated iron oxide (IO-HAp) nanoparticles for magnetic hyperthermia mediated cancer therapy. The synthesized well dispersed spherical IO-HAp nanoparticles, magnetite, and apatite phases were confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Field emission transmission electron microscopy (FETEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)...
December 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
Pavla Martinkova, Martin Brtnicky, Jindrich Kynicky, Miroslav Pohanka
Although cancer is one of the most dangerous and the second most lethal disease in the world, current therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc., is highly insufficient not in the view of therapy success rate or the amount of side effects. Accordingly, procedures with better outcomes are highly desirable. Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) present an innovative tool-ideal for innovation and implementation into practice. This review is focused on summarizing some well-known facts about pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and the types of IONPs, and furthermore, provides a survey of their use in cancer diagnosis and therapy...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yung-Kang Peng, Cathy N P Lui, Yu-Wei Chen, Shang-Wei Chou, Pi-Tai Chou, Ken K L Yung, S C Edman Tsang
Tagging recognition group(s) on superparamagnetic iron oxide is known to aid localisation (imaging), stimulation and separation of biological entities using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic agitation/separation (MAS) techniques. Despite the wide applicability of iron oxide nanoparticles in T 2-weighted MRI and MAS, the quality of the images and safe manipulation of the exceptionally delicate neural cells in a live brain are currently the key challenges. Here, we demonstrate the engineered manganese oxide clusters-iron oxide core-shell nanoparticle as an MR dual-modal contrast agent for neural stem cells (NSCs) imaging and magnetic manipulation in live rodents...
December 5, 2017: Nanotechnology
Tamás Fülöp, Réka Nemes, Tamás Mészáros, Rudolf Urbanics, Robbert Jan Kok, Joshua A Jackman, Namjoon Cho, Gert Storm, János Szebeni
The unique magnetic properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have led to their increasing use in drug delivery and imaging applications. Some polymer-coated SPIONs, however, share with many other nanoparticles the potential of causing hypersensitivity reactions known as complement (C) activation-related pseudoallergy (CARPA). In order to explore the roles of iron core composition and particle surface coating in SPION-induced CARPA, we measured C activation by 6 different SPIONs in a human serum that is known to react to nanoparticles (NPs) with strong C activation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Asghar Dolatkhah, Lee D Wilson
The ability to achieve exquisite control over polymer building blocks within multi-compartment magnetite nanocomposites (NCs) to afford predictable and ordered packing hierarchical structures remains a significant challenge for the design of NCs. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop new types of nano dimensional assemblies that undergo responsive shape-shift, size-, phase- and morphological transitions, especially for processes that are triggered by biologically relevant stimuli such as ionic gradients to meet the demand for diverse applications...
December 4, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ming-Fong Tsai, Chin Hsu, Chen-Sheng Yeh, Yu-Jen Hsiao, Chia-Hao Su, Li Fang Wang
Construction of multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs) with near-infrared (NIR) plasmonic responses is considered a versatile and multifaceted platform for several biomedical applications. Herein, a double layer of Au/Ag alloy on the surface of truncated octahedral iron oxide NPs (IONPs) was prepared and the distance between the layers was controlled to exhibit broad and strong NIR absorption. The rattle-shaped IONP@shell-in-shell nanostructure showed light-response to the NIR biological window from 650 to 1300 nm for photothermal therapy (PTT) and magnetic guidance for hyperthermia and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis...
December 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
V Funari, L Mantovani, L Vigliotti, M Tribaudino, E Dinelli, R Braga
During their production, management, and landfilling, bottom (BA) and fly (FA) ashes from municipal solid waste incineration may liberate Fe-bearing, ultrafine particles and easily enter different environmental sinks of the biosphere. We aim to explore a collection of BA and FA samples from Italian incinerators to probe magnetic mineralogy and the fraction of harmful superparamagnetic (SP) nanoparticles (d<30nm). X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy observation, temperature- and frequency-dependent magnetometry, and Mossbauer analysis are performed...
November 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Maki Nakamura, Ayako Oyane, Kiyoko Kuroiwa, Yoshiki Shimizu, Alexander Pyatenko, Masaki Misawa, Tomokazu Numano, Hisanori Kosuge
We developed a facile one-pot fabrication process for magnetic iron oxide-calcium phosphate (IO-CaP) composite nanoparticles via coprecipitation in labile supersaturated CaP solutions containing IO nanocrystals. All the source solutions used were clinically approved for injection, including water and magnetic IO nanocrystals (ferucarbotran, used as a negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent). This ensured that the resulting nanoparticles were pathogen- and endotoxin-free. The dispersants used were clinically approved heparin sodium (heparin) or adenosine triphosphate disodium hydrate (ATP), which were added to the IO-containing labile supersaturated CaP solutions...
November 15, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Michael Barrow, Arthur Taylor, Ana M Fuentes-Caparrós, Jack Sharkey, Luke M Daniels, Pranab Mandal, B Kevin Park, Patricia Murray, Matthew J Rosseinsky, Dave J Adams
Although there is extensive literature covering the biomedical applications of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), the phase of the iron oxide core used is not often taken into account when cell labelling and tracking studies for regenerative medicine are considered. Here, we use a co-precipitation reaction to synthesise particles of both magnetite- (Fe3O4) and maghemite- (γ-Fe2O3) based cores and consider whether the extra synthesis step to make maghemite based particles is advantageous for cell tracking...
November 30, 2017: Biomaterials Science
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