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iron oxide nanoparticles

Oumar Bashir, Jerome P Claverie, Pierre Lemoyne, Charles Vincent
Bacillus thuringiensis (B. t.) based formulations have been widely used to control lepidopteran pests in agriculture and forestry. One of their weaknesses is their short residual activity when sprayed in the field. Using Pickering emulsions, mixtures of spores and crystals from three B. t. serovars were successfully encapsulated in colloïdosomal microparticles (50 μm) using innocuous chemicals (acrylic particles, sunflower oil, iron oxide nanoparticles, ethanol and water). A pH trigger mechanism was incorporated within the particles so that B...
2016: PeerJ
Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Na Kyung Lee, Hyeong Seop Kim, Dongkyeom Yoo, Jung Won Hwang, Soo Jin Choi, Wonil Oh, Jong Wook Chang, Duk L Na
The success of stem cell therapy is highly dependent on accurate delivery of stem cells to the target site of interest. Possible ways to track the distribution of MSCs in vivo include the use of reporter genes or nanoparticles. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ferumoxytol (Feraheme® [USA], Rienso® [UK]) as a treatment for iron deficiency anemia. Ferumoxytol is an ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (USPIO) that has recently been used to track the fate of transplanted cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 18, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Cristian Iacovita, Adrian Florea, Roxana Dudric, Emoke Pall, Alin Iulian Moldovan, Romulus Tetean, Rares Stiufiuc, Constantin Mihai Lucaciu
Efficient use of magnetic hyperthermia in clinical cancer treatment requires biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), with improved heating capabilities. Small (~34 nm) and large (~270 nm) Fe₃O₄-MNPs were synthesized by means of a polyol method in polyethylene-glycol (PEG) and ethylene-glycol (EG), respectively. They were systematically investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and vibration sample magnetometry. Hyperthermia measurements showed that Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) dependence on the external alternating magnetic field amplitude (up to 65 kA/m, 355 kHz) presented a sigmoidal shape, with remarkable SAR saturation values of ~1400 W/gMNP for the small monocrystalline MNPs and only 400 W/gMNP for the large polycrystalline MNPs, in water...
October 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Febelyn Reguyal, Ajit K Sarmah, Wei Gao
Magnetisation of carbonaceous adsorbent using iron oxide (FexOy) has potential to decrease the recovery cost of spent adsorbent because it could be separated magnetically. However, formation of various phases of FexOy and iron hydroxide (Fex(OH)y) during synthesis particularly the non-magnetic phases are difficult to control and could significantly reduce the magnetic saturation of the adsorbent. Hence, formation of the most magnetic FexOy, Fe3O4, on biochar via oxidative hydrolysis of FeCl2 under alkaline media was performed to synthesise magnetic adsorbent using pine sawdust biochar (magnetic pine sawdust biochar: MPSB)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Vidhya Kumar, Yves Boucher, Hao Liu, Diego Ferreira, Jacob Hooker, Ciprian Catana, Andrew J Hoover, Tobias Ritter, Rakesh K Jain, Alexander R Guimaraes
PURPOSE: Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, can reduce desmoplasia and enhance drug delivery and efficacy through improving interstitial transport and vascular perfusion in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) models in mice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) and micro-positron emission tomography (PET) measurements could respectively detect improvements in tumor vascular parameters and drug uptake in orthotopic PDAC in mice treated with losartan...
October 2016: Translational Oncology
Alexandra Scharf, Shannon P Holmes, Merrilee Thoresen, Jennifer Mumaw, Alaina Stumpf, John Peroni
Ultrasound-guided intralesional injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is held as the benchmark for cell delivery in tendonitis. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the immediate cell distribution following intralesional injection of MSCs. Unilateral superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) lesions were created in the forelimb of six horses and injected with 10 × 10(6) MSCs labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) under ultrasound guidance. Assays were performed to confirm that there were no significant changes in cell viability, proliferation, migration, or trilineage differentiation due to the presence of SPIOs...
2016: Stem Cells International
Antonella Antonelli, Carla Sfara, Oliver Weber, Ulrich Pison, Elisabetta Manuali, Sonia Salamida, Mauro Magnani
AIM: The biomedical application of contrast agents based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles is still limited because of their short intravascular half-life. The potential of red blood cells (RBCs) loaded with new ferucarbotran nanoparticles as magnetic contrast agents with longer blood retention time has been investigated. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ferucarbotran was loaded into RBCs by a procedure of hypotonic dialysis and isotonic resealing. Ferucarbotran amounts encapsulated in RBCs were determined by NMR...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Sophie Richard, Véronique Eder, Gianvito Caputo, Clément Journé, Phalla Ou, Julie Bolley, Liliane Louedec, Erwann Guenin, Laurence Motte, Nicola Pinna, Yoann Lalatonne
AIM: Tunable size ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles from 3 to 9 nm coated with polyethylene glycol phosphonate moieties have been designed for neovascularization MRI. MATERIALS & METHODS: USPIO were synthesized using a nonaqueous sol-gel method. An ischemia-reperfusion rat model has been chosen for neo-angiogenesis and scanned on MRI after injection of different sized USPIO. Histological studies have been performed for USPIO localization within the tissue...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Farah Benyettou, Jaen Alonso Ocadiz Flores, Florent Ravaux, Rachid Rezgui, Mustapha Jouiad, Samer I Nehme, Rajesh Kumar Parsapur, John-Carl Olsen, Parasuraman Selvam, Ali Trabolsi
Mesoporous iron-oxide nanoparticles (mNPs) were prepared by using a modified nanocasting approach with mesoporous carbon as a hard template. mNPs were first loaded with doxorubicin (Dox), an anticancer drug, and then coated with the thermosensitive polymer Pluronic F108 to prevent the leakage of Dox molecules from the pores that would otherwise occur under physiological conditions. The Dox-loaded, Pluronic F108-coated system (Dox@F108-mNPs) was stable at room temperature and physiological pH and released its Dox cargo slowly under acidic conditions or in a sudden burst with magnetic heating...
October 14, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jabadurai Jayapaul, Susanne Arns, Matt Bunker, Marek Weiler, Sandra Rutherford, Peter Comba, Fabian Kiessling
: Riboflavin (Rf) receptors bind and translocate Rf and its phosphorylated forms (e.g. flavin mononucleotide, FMN) into cells where they mediate various cellular metabolic pathways. Previously, we showed that FMN-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (FLUSPIO) nanoparticles are suitable for labeling metabolically active cancer and endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, we focused on the in vivo application of FLUSPIO using prostate cancer xenografts. Size, charge, and chemical composition of FLUSPIO were evaluated...
2016: Nano Research
Islam Bogachan Tahirbegi, Wilmer Alfonso Pardo, Margarita Alvira, Mònica Mir, Josep Samitier
The accumulation of iron oxides-mainly magnetite-with amyloid peptide is a key process in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism for biogeneration of magnetite inside the brain of someone with AD is still unclear. The iron-storing protein ferritin has been identified as the main magnetite-storing molecule. However, accumulations of magnetite in AD are not correlated with an increase in ferritin, leaving this question unresolved. Here we demonstrate the key role of amyloid peptide Aβ 42, one of the main hallmarks of AD, in the generation of magnetite nanoparticles in the absence of ferritin...
October 13, 2016: Nanotechnology
Jin Hee Kim, Ji-Yeon Suh, Dong-Cheol Woo, Yu Sub Sung, Woo-Chan Son, Yoon Seok Choi, Sang Joon Pae, Jeong Kon Kim
Contrast enhancement by an extracellular-fluid contrast agent (CA) (Gd-DOTA) depends primarily on the blood-brain-barrier permeability (bp), and transverse-relaxation change caused by intravascular T2 CA (superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, SPIONs) is closely associated with the blood volume (BV). Pharmacokinetic (PK) vascular characterization based on single-CA-using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) has shown significant measurement variation according to the molecular size of the CA. Based on this recognition, this study used a dual injection of Gd-DOTA and SPIONs for tracing the changes of bp and BV in C6 glioma growth (Days 1 and 7 after the tumor volume reached 2 mL)...
October 10, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Yesim Somay Selbes, Mehmet Gokhan Caglayan, Merve Eryilmaz, Ismail Hakki Boyaci, Necdet Saglam, Arif Ahmet Basaran, Ugur Tamer
We present a surface-enhanced Raman probe (SERS) platform for the determination of a prohibited substance, recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO), in urine matrix, using nanoparticles as substrate. Rod-shaped gold nanoparticles (GNR) were modified with a Raman label and an antibody as SERS probe. We developed two SERS-based immunoassays for detection and quantification of rEPO in urine. In the first assay, rEPO was determined by a sandwich assay with gold surfaces and GNR. In the second assay, rEPO was extracted by using core shell-structured magnetic iron oxide gold nanoparticles, and again sandwich assay was performed by using GNR...
October 8, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
César A Henriques, Sara M A Pinto, João Pina, Carlos Serpa, Auguste Fernandes, Liane M Rossi, M Filipa Ribeiro, Mariette M Pereira, Mário J F Calvete
Herein, the synthesis and characterisation of magnetic iron oxide-porphyrin hybrids, constituted of iron-oxide magnetic nanoparticles covalently linked to an unsymmetrically substituted meso-aryl porphyrin, are described. The methodology features for the preparation of the key unsymmetrically substituted meso-aryl porphyrin synthons are discussed, with emphasis on sustainability and in economical terms. The "NaY method" herein reported allows large scale and economical preparation, which are demonstrated by its reusability and at least two-fold yields, when compared with classical porphyrin synthetic methods and also presents a much better cost-efficiency rationale and lower environmental impact...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pei-Chi Lee, Chien-Yu Lin, Cheng-Liang Peng, Ming-Jium Shieh
The development of a controlled-release drug delivery system has been an important objective for cancer therapy. To achieve the goal of sustained drug release for preventing the biotoxicity of platinum drugs, oxaliplatin was encapsulated into PEGylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) decorated with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The superparamagnetic properties and purification of SPIO/MWNT composites were achieved by annealing treatment during the fabrication process; the better hydrophilicity and biocompatibility were also accomplished subsequently after modification with polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
October 7, 2016: Biomaterials Science
J Sherwood, K Lovas, M Rich, Q Yin, K Lackey, M S Bolding, Y Bao
Recent research efforts about iron oxide nanoparticles has focused on the development of iron oxide-based T1 contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), such as ultrasmall iron oxide nanospheres (USNPs <4 nm) and ultrathin nanowires (NW, diameter <4 nm). In this paper, we report the cellular uptake behaviors of these two types of ultrasmall scale nanostructures on HepG2 cells. Both these two nanostructures were functionalized with tannic acid and their physical and chemical properties were carefully analyzed before cellular tests...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Jeong Hoon Byeon, Jae Hong Park
Gold (Au)-decorated iron oxide (Fe3O4), Au/Fe3O4, Janus nanoparticles were fabricated via the continuous route for aerosol Au incorporation with Fe3O4 domains synthesized in an aqueous medium as multifunctional nanoplatforms. The fabricated nanoparticles were subsequently exposed to 185-nm UV light to generate positive charges on Au surfaces, and their activities were tested in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, gene-delivery and photothermal therapy. No additional polymeric coatings of the Janus particles also had a unique ability to suppress inflammatory responses in macrophages challenged with lipopolysaccharide, which may be due to the absence of amine groups...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wojciech Szczerba, Jan Żukrowski, Marek Przybylski, Marcin Sikora, Olga Safonova, Aleksey Shmeliov, Valeria Nicolosi, Michael Schneider, Tim Granath, Maximilian Oppmann, Marion Straßer, Karl Mandel
The maximum magnetisation (saturation magnetisation) obtainable for iron oxide nanoparticles can be increased by doping the nanocrystals with non-magnetic elements such as zinc. Herein, we closely study how only slightly different synthesis approaches towards such doped nanoparticles strongly influence the resulting sub-nano/atomic structure. We compare two co-precipitation approaches, where we only vary the base (NaOH versus NH3), and a thermal decomposition route. These methods are the most commonly applied ones for synthesising doped iron oxide nanoparticles...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mahdi Nabil, Paolo Zunino
The application of hyperthermia to cancer treatment is studied using a novel model arising from the fundamental principles of flow, mass and heat transport in biological tissues. The model is defined at the scale of the tumour microenvironment and an advanced computational scheme called the embedded multiscale method is adopted to solve the governing equations. More precisely, this approach involves modelling capillaries as one-dimensional channels carrying flow, and special mathematical operators are used to model their interaction with the surrounding tissue...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
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