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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336286/oral-allergy-syndrome
#1
Nuray Bayar Muluk, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: To review oral allergy syndrome (OAS). METHODS: We searched several medical literature data bases with the following key words: "oral allergy syndrome," "OAS," "pollen-food allergy syndrome," "PFAS," "allergy," "diagnosis," "treatment." RESULTS: Oral allergy syndrome (OAS), also called "pollen-food allergy syndrome," is a type of food allergy brought about by flavors, nuts, raw fruit, and vegetables. The most well-known symptoms are mouth and throat itching, which starts rapidly after a food is placed in the mouth, and that, as a rule, continues for just a couple of minutes after the food has been swallowed...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319877/with-tree-nut-sensitization-take-the-current-when-it-serves-or-lose-our-ventures
#2
EDITORIAL
Matthew Greenhawt
Tree nut allergy affects approximately 1.4-2.3%, depending on the study methodology, patient age, and region in which the study was conducted.1,2 Tree nut allergy can be severe, and tends to persist throughout life.1,3 Tree nut is not a singular allergen like the other allergens-we use the term "tree nut" to refer to these items, but in essence it can refer to one nut, eight nuts, or per the US Food and Drug Agency classification, on the order of 19 items.1,4 Older, more conservative practice is to treat one nut as "all nuts", and instruct avoidance of all tree nuts where there is a clinical allergy proven to just one...
January 10, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315919/prevalence-and-longitudinal-trends-of-food-allergy-during-childhood-and-adolescence-results-of-the-isle-of-wight-birth-cohort-study
#3
D Venkataraman, M Erlewyn-Lajeunesse, R J Kurukulaaratchy, S Potter, G Roberts, S Matthews, S Hasan Arshad
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and time trends of food allergy change during childhood depending on the age of the child and the type of food. OBJECTIVE: To study prevalence and longitudinal trends in food allergy from birth to 18 years in an unselected birth cohort in the Isle of Wight. METHOD: Information on food allergy was collected at ages 1, 2, 4, 10 and 18 years from the Isle of Wight Birth Cohort (n = 1456). Skin prick testing (SPT) was performed at the age of 1 and 2 years in symptomatic children...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273132/preliminary-psychometric-analyses-and-clinical-performance-of-a-caregiver-self-efficacy-scale-for-food-allergy-self-management
#4
Matthew Greenhawt, Audrey DunnGalvin
BACKGROUND: Food allergy health-related quality of life has been defined, but self-efficacy is poorly described. OBJECTIVE: To examine the preliminary reliability, validity, and clinical performance of a novel food allergy self-efficacy index. METHODS: An 8-item Food Allergy Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (FASEQ) was adapted for food allergy-related themes and coadministered with the Food Allergy Quality of Life Parental Burden (FAQL-PB) index to caregivers self-reporting a food allergic child (group A) and those with children followed up at a food allergy referral center clinic (group B)...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249131/medicinal-bioactivites-and-allergenic-properties-of-pumpkin-seeds-review-upon-a-pediatric-food-anaphylaxis-case-report
#5
C Chatain, I Pin, P Pralong, J P Jacquier, M T Leccia
Food allergy to pumpkin seed is considered very rare, and only some isolated case reports have so far been published. We report here a case of food anaphylaxis to pumpkin seed in an eight-year-old boy, who tolerated all other edible seeds, peanut and tree nuts, as well as pulp of different kinds of pumpkins and other fruits of the Cucurbitaceae family. From this observation, a review of the botanical, historical, medicinal and allergenic aspects of pumpkin and its seeds is proposed. With the advent of diets rich in omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, edible seeds like pumpkin seed have been incorporated in the modern diet...
November 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247055/the-14-3-3-homolog-arta-regulates-development-and-secondary-metabolism-in-the-opportunistic-plant-pathogen-aspergillus-flavus
#6
Beatriz A Ibarra, Jessica M Lohmar, Timothy Satterlee, Taylor McDonald, Jeffrey W Cary, Ana M Calvo
The opportunistic plant pathogenic fungus Aspergillus flavus produces carcinogenic mycotoxins termed aflatoxins (AFs). Aflatoxin contamination of agriculturally important crops such as maize, peanut, sorghum and tree nuts is responsible for serious adverse health and economic impacts worldwide. In order to identify possible genetic targets to reduce AF contamination, we have characterized the artA gene, encoding a putative 14-3-3 homolog in A. flavus The artA deletion mutant presents a slight decrease in vegetative growth and alterations in morphological development and secondary metabolism...
December 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240247/do-we-still-need-oral-food-challenges-for-the-diagnosis-of-food-allergy
#7
REVIEW
Philippe A Eigenmann
Food challenges are standard in the diagnosis in patients suspected of being allergic to food. However, their role is regularly questioned due to the time required to perform them, and to their cost and the inherent risk of severe reactions. Food challenges have been challenged by recent advances defining threshold values for food-specific IgE helping to predict the probability of having symptoms to the suspected food. Also, identification of major allergens to various highly allergenic foods such as peanuts or tree nuts have contributed to an increased accuracy of IgE testing...
December 14, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238902/dietary-therapy-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis-elimination-and-reintroduction
#8
REVIEW
Kara L Kliewer, Alison M Cassin, Carina Venter
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a food antigen-mediated disorder of the esophagus characterized by eosinophil predominant inflammation and symptoms of esophageal dysfunction. Dietary antigen elimination induces clinical and histological remission in patients with EoE. The most restrictive of elimination diets (the elemental diet) removes all possible food antigens while empiric elimination diets remove all (or a subset) of food antigens most commonly reported to cause esophageal eosinophilia and food allergies (milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, or legumes)...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214445/auxin-enhances-grafting-success-in-carya-cathayensis-chinese-hickory
#9
R M Saravana Kumar, Liu Xiao Gao, Hu Wei Yuan, Dong Bin Xu, Zhao Liang, Shen Chen Tao, Wen Bin Guo, Dao Liang Yan, Bing Song Zheng, Johan Edqvist
Application of auxin to root stock and scion increases the success rate of grafting in Chinese hickory. The nuts of the Chinese hickory (Carya cathayensis) tree are considered both delicious and healthy. The popularity and high demand result is that the hickory nuts are of very high economical value for horticulture. This is particularly true for the Zhejiang province in eastern China where this tree is widely cultivated. However, there are several difficulties surrounding the hickory cultivation, such as for example long vegetative growth, tall trees, labour-intensive nut picking, and slow variety improvements...
December 6, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208493/almond-hazelnut-and-walnut-three-nuts-for-neuroprotection-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-neuropharmacological-review-of-their-bioactive-constituents
#10
REVIEW
Narjes Gorji, Reihaneh Moeini, Zahra Memariani
An increase in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder is an almost obvious issue in the world. Researches on natural products for finding effective drugs to prevent the disease are in progress. There is special attention to the three types of nuts including almond, hazelnut and walnut in manuscripts of traditional Persian medicine (PM) as the preventive agents against brainatrophy and memory loss. The purpose of this study is a pharmacological review of their bioactive constituents and introducing the value of these nuts as the effective supplements and natural medicinal foods in AD patients...
December 5, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202922/simultaneous-analysis-of-multiple-allergens-in-food-products-by-lc-ms-ms
#11
Lee Sun New, Andre Schreiber, Jianru Stahl-Zeng, Hua-Fen Liu
There is currently no cure for food allergies, and sufferers can only rely on the correct labeling of foods toavoid allergens. Hence, it is important that analytical methods are sensitive and accurate enough to screen for the presence of multiple allergens in food products. In this study, we developed an LC-tandem MS method that is able to simultaneously screen or quantify the signature tryptic peptides of multiple allergen commodities. This method is capable of screening and identifying egg white, skim milk, peanut, soy, and tree nuts (almond, Brazil nut, cashew, hazelnut, pecan, pine nut, pistachio, and walnut) at a detection limit of 10 ppm in incurred bread and cookies...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194424/functional-foods-and-lifestyle-approaches-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Ahmad Alkhatib, Catherine Tsang, Ali Tiss, Theeshan Bahorun, Hossein Arefanian, Roula Barake, Abdelkrim Khadir, Jaakko Tuomilehto
Functional foods contain biologically active ingredients associated with physiological health benefits for preventing and managing chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A regular consumption of functional foods may be associated with enhanced anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity, and anti-cholesterol functions, which are considered integral to prevent and manage T2DM. Components of the Mediterranean diet (MD)-such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil, and tree nuts-serve as a model for functional foods based on their natural contents of nutraceuticals, including polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, pigments, and unsaturated fatty acids...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176842/allergenic-food-introduction-and-risk-of-childhood-atopic-diseases
#13
Niels J Elbert, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Trudy Voortman, Tamar E C Nijsten, Nicolette W de Jong, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Liesbeth Duijts, Suzanne G M A Pasmans
BACKGROUND: The role of timing and diversity of allergenic food introduction in the development of childhood allergic sensitization and atopic diseases is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether timing and diversity of allergenic food introduction are associated with allergic sensitization, allergy and eczema in children until age 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study among 5,202 children was performed in a population-based prospective cohort...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174346/self-reported-adverse-food-reactions-and-anaphylaxis-in-the-schoolnuts-study-a%C3%A2-population-based-study-of-adolescents
#14
Vicki L McWilliam, Jennifer J Koplin, Michael J Field, Mari Sasaki, Shyamali C Dharmage, Mimi L K Tang, Susan M Sawyer, Rachel L Peters, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are at the highest risk of death from anaphylaxis, yet few population-based studies have described the frequencies and risk factors for allergic reactions caused by accidental allergen ingestion in this group. METHODS: We describe the prevalence, frequency, and associated risk factors for recent adverse food reactions in 10- to 14-year-olds in Melbourne, Australia, recruited from a stratified, random, population-based sample of schools (SchoolNuts, n = 9663; 48% response rate)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170286/the-effect-of-nut-consumption-on-markers-of-inflammation-and-endothelial-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
Elizabeth P Neale, Linda C Tapsell, Vivienne Guan, Marijka J Batterham
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of nut consumption on inflammatory biomarkers and endothelial function. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (all years to 13 January 2017). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (with a duration of 3 weeks or more) or prospective cohort designs conducted in adults; studies assessing the effect of consumption of tree nuts or peanuts on C-reactive protein (CRP), adiponectin, tumour necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, intercellular adhesion molecule 1, vascular cell adhesion protein 1 and flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168062/tree-nut-peanut-and-peanut-butter-intake-and-risk-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#16
Piet A van den Brandt, Lisette Nieuwenhuis
PURPOSE: Nut intake has been associated with reduced mortality and risk of cardiovascular diseases, but there is only limited evidence on cancer. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, and estrogen/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) subtypes. METHODS: In The Netherlands Cohort Study, 62,573 women aged 55-69 years provided information on dietary and lifestyle habits in 1986. After 20.3 years of follow-up, 2,321 incident breast cancer cases and 1,665 subcohort members were eligible for multivariate case-cohort analyses...
January 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145952/nut-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Xiaoran Liu, Vasanti S Malik, Qi Sun, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju
BACKGROUND: The associations between specific types of nuts, specifically peanuts and walnuts, and cardiovascular disease remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to analyze the associations between the intake of total and specific types of nuts and cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke risk. METHODS: The authors included 76,364 women from the Nurses' Health Study (1980 to 2012), 92,946 women from the Nurses' Health Study II (1991 to 2013), and 41,526 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986 to 2012) who were free of cancer, heart disease, and stroke at baseline...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140656/an-analysis-of-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-food-litigation-to-build-a-sesame-allergy-consumer-class-action
#18
Dana Shaker
In a world where food allergy is still an incurable disease, law and regulation stand as necessary mechanisms to provide food-allergic consumers with the information they need to protect their health. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 provided specific labeling requirements for the “Top Eight” allergens in the U.S.: milk, soy, gluten, egg, tree nut, peanut, fish, and Crustacean shellfish. Since then, sesame has become more prevalent as an allergen and remains just as dangerous, inducing anaphylactic shock in some sesame-allergic individuals...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127694/nut-co-reactivity-acquiring-knowledge-for-elimination-recommendations-nut-cracker-study
#19
Arnon Elizur, Michael Y Appel, Liat Nachshon, Michael B Levy, Naama Epstein-Rigby, Keren Golobov, Michael Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Ambiguities exist regarding the diagnosis of tree-nut allergy, necessitating either elimination or performance of oral food challenges (OFC). OBJECTIVE: To examine the co-incidences of allergies among tree-nuts and improve diagnostic testing to minimize the need for OFC. METHODS: Eighty three patients prospectively evaluated for walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut and almond allergy. A history of previous reactions was obtained and standardized skin prick tests (SPT) using finely ground tree-nut solution and basophil activation tests (BAT) were performed...
November 11, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118674/high-frequency-of-ige-sensitization-towards-kiwi-seed-storage-proteins-among-peanut-allergic-individuals-also-reporting-allergy-to-kiwi
#20
Jenny van Odijk, Sigrid Sjölander, Peter Brostedt, Magnus P Borres, Hillevi Englund
Background: IgE sensitization to storage proteins from nuts and seed is often related to severe allergic symptoms. There is a risk of immunological IgE cross-reactivity between storage proteins from different species. The potential clinical implication of such cross-reactivity is that allergens other than the known sensitizer can cause allergic symptoms. Previous studies have suggested that kiwi seed storage proteins may constitute hidden food allergens causing cross-reactive IgE-binding with peanut and other tree nut homologs, thereby mediating a potential risk of causing allergy symptoms among peanut ant tree nut allergic individuals...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
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