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Eva Herzog, Franz Kaspereit, Wilfried Krege, Baerbel Doerr, Marcel Mischnik, Ingo Pragst, Gerhard Dickneite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
S A Dingemans, S Rammelt, T O White, J C Goslings, T Schepers
AIMS: In approximately 20% of patients with ankle fractures, there is an concomitant injury to the syndesmosis which requires stabilisation, usually with one or more syndesmotic screws. The aim of this review is to evaluate whether removal of the syndesmotic screw is required in order for the patient to obtain optimal functional recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library for articles in which the syndesmotic screw was retained...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Bing-Mae Chen, Yu-Cheng Su, Chia-Jung Chang, Pierre-Alain Burnouf, Kuo-Hsiang Chuang, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Tian-Lu Cheng, Yuan-Tsong Chen, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Steve R Roffler
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a biocompatible polymer that is often attached to therapeutic molecules to improve bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy. Although antibodies with specificity for PEG may compromise the safety and effectiveness of PEGylated medicines, the prevalence of pre-existing anti-PEG antibodies in healthy individuals is unclear. Chimeric human anti-PEG antibody standards were created to accurately measure anti-PEG IgM and IgG antibodies by direct ELISA with confirmation by a competition assay in the plasma of 1504 healthy Han Chinese donors residing in Taiwan...
October 11, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
S Gérard, D Bréchemier, A Lefort, S Lozano, G Abellan Van Kan, T Filleron, L Mourey, C Bernard-Marty, M E Rougé-Bugat, V Soler, B Vellas, M Cesari, Y Rolland, L Balardy
BACKGROUND: The estimation of the risk of poor tolerance and overdose of antineoplastic agents protocols represents a major challenge in oncology, particularly in older patients. We hypothesize that age-related modifications of body composition (i.e. increased fat mass and decreased lean mass) may significantly affect tolerance to chemotherapy. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review for the last 25 years (between 1990 and 2015), using US National library of Medicine Medline electronic bibliographic database and Embase database of cohorts or clinical trials exploring (i) the interactions of body composition (assessed by Dual X-ray Absorptiometry, Bioelectrical Impedance Analyses, or Computerized Tomography) with pharmacokinetics parameters, (ii) the tolerance to chemotherapy, and (iii) the consequences of chemotherapies or targeted therapies on body composition...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Jacqueline Fraser, Paul Atkinson, Audra Gedmintas, Michael Howlett, Rose McCloskey, James French
OBJECTIVE: The emergency department (ED) left-without-being-seen (LWBS) rate is a performance indicator, although there is limited knowledge about why people leave, or whether they seek alternate care. We studied characteristics of ED LWBS patients to determine factors associated with LWBS. METHODS: We collected demographic data on LWBS patients at two urban hospitals. Sequential LWBS patients were contacted and surveyed using a standardized telephone survey. A matched group of patients who did not leave were also surveyed...
October 3, 2016: CJEM
Nathaniel Lizak, Alessandra Lugaresi, Raed Alroughani, Jeannette Lechner-Scott, Mark Slee, Eva Havrdova, Dana Horakova, Maria Trojano, Guillermo Izquierdo, Pierre Duquette, Marc Girard, Alexandre Prat, Pierre Grammond, Raymond Hupperts, Francois Grand'Maison, Patrizia Sola, Eugenio Pucci, Roberto Bergamaschi, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Vincent Van Pesch, Cristina Ramo, Daniele Spitaleri, Gerardo Iuliano, Cavit Boz, Franco Granella, Javier Olascoaga, Freek Verheul, Csilla Rozsa, Edgardo Cristiano, Shlomo Flechter, Suzanne Hodgkinson, Maria Pia Amato, Norma Deri, Vilija Jokubaitis, Tim Spelman, Helmut Butzkueven, Tomas Kalincik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate variability and predictability of disability trajectories in moderately advanced and advanced multiple sclerosis (MS), and their modifiability with immunomodulatory therapy. METHODS: The epochs between Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) steps 3-6, 4-6 and 6-6.5 were analysed. Patients with relapse-onset MS and having reached 6-month confirmed baseline EDSS step (3/4/6) were identified in MSBase, a global observational MS cohort study...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Megan E Piper, Sara A Vasilenko, Jessica W Cook, Stephanie T Lanza
AIMS: To (1) identify distinct classes of smokers based on quit day withdrawal symptoms and (2) explore the relations between withdrawal classes and demographics, tobacco dependence, treatment and smoking outcomes. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of participants (n = 1504) in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multi-site smoking cessation trial who provided ecological momentary assessments of withdrawal symptoms on their quit day. Participants received smoking cessation counseling and were randomized to receive placebo or one of five active pharmacotherapies...
September 15, 2016: Addiction
Beimeng Yang, Weibo Niu, Shiqing Chen, Fei Xu, Xingwang Li, Xi Wu, Yanfei Cao, Rui Zhang, Fengping Yang, Lu Wang, Weidong Li, Yifeng Xu, Lin He, Guang He
Schizophrenia is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder often associated with dopamine-related genetic variations. Thus, we performed a case-control study in 1504 Han Chinese population to evaluate the association of DRD1, DRD2 and DRD3 polymorphisms with schizophrenia. No statistically significant difference in allelic or genotypic frequency was found between schizophrenia and control subjects. Strong positive linkage disequilibrium was detected among the SNPs within DRD1 and DRD2. However, no positive haplotype distribution was found to be associated with schizophrenia...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
R Nagrani, S Mhatre, P Rajaraman, I Soerjomataram, P Boffetta, S Gupta, V Parmar, R Badwe, R Dikshit
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that the relationship between obesity and breast cancer (BC) risk may vary between ethnic groups. METHODS: A total of 1633 BC cases and 1504 controls were enrolled in hospital-based case-control study in Mumbai, India, from 2009 to 2013. Along with detailed questionnaire, we collected anthropometric measurements on all participants. We used unconditional logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for BC risk associated with anthropometry measurements, stratified on tumour subtype and menopausal status...
October 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Bryan L Love, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin, Z Kevin Lu, Christina Cox, David J Amrol
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between any systemic antibiotic prescription within the first year of life and the presence of an ICD-9-CM diagnosis code for food allergy (FA). METHODS: This was a matched case-control study conducted using South Carolina Medicaid administrative data. FA cases born between 2007 and 2009 were matched to controls without FA on birth month/year, sex, race/ethnicity. Conditional logistic regression was used to model the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of FA diagnosis...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Maryam Shahmanesh, Anna Schultze, Fiona Burns, Ole Kirk, Jens Lundgren, Cristina Mussini, Court Pedersen, Stephane De Wit, Galyna Kutsyna, Amanda Mocroft
OBJECTIVES: HIV has become a chronic condition associated with comorbidities. We investigated cardiovascular risk and risk modification in a European HIV cohort. METHODS: EuroSIDA patients (from 1 January 2000) for whom cardiovascular risk could be calculated (DAD risk equation) were included in the analysis. Moderate-to-high risk was defined as 5-year cardiovascular risk more than 5% and risk modification as two measurements meeting the European AIDS Clinical Society guidelines...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth G Mann, Nicola Torrance, Blair H Smith, Ana Johnson, Ian Gilron
The reported prevalence of neuropathic pain ranges from 6.9% to 10%; however the only Canadian study reported 17.9%. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of neuropathic pain in Canada. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a random sample of Canadian adults. The response rate was 21.1% (1504/7134). Likely or possible neuropathic pain was defined using a neuropathic pain-related diagnosis and a positive outcome on the Self-Report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs pain scale (S-LANSS) or the Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) Questions...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Qianchun Liu, Yanping Lan, Changlong Wen, Hong Zhao, Jian Wang, Yongqin Wang
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is important for exploiting heterosis in crop plants and also serves as a model for investigating nuclear-cytoplasmic interaction. The molecular mechanism of cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoration was investigated in several important economic crops but remains poorly understood in the Welsh onion. Therefore, we compared the differences between the CMS line 64-2 and its maintainer line 64-1 using transcriptome sequencing with the aim of determining critical genes and pathways associated with male sterility...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ed Clarke, Yauba Saidu, Jane U Adetifa, Ikechukwu Adigweme, Mariama Badjie Hydara, Adedapo O Bashorun, Ngozi Moneke-Anyanwoke, Ama Umesi, Elishia Roberts, Pa Modou Cham, Michael E Okoye, Kevin E Brown, Matthias Niedrig, Panchali Roy Chowdhury, Ralf Clemens, Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, Jenny Mueller, David J Jeffries, Beate Kampmann
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) represents a crucial step in the polio eradication endgame. This trial examined the safety and immunogenicity of IPV given alongside the measles-rubella and yellow fever vaccines at 9 months and when given as a full or fractional dose using needle and syringe or disposable-syringe jet injector. METHODS: We did a phase 4, randomised, non-inferiority trial at three periurban government clinics in west Gambia...
August 2016: Lancet Global Health
Nathan T Gorman, Jerry L Mayhew, William F Brechue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Raquel Peralva Ribeiro-Romão, Andrea Franco Saavedra, Alda Maria Da-Cruz, Eduardo Fonseca Pinto, Otacilio C Moreira
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from small cutaneous nodules to severe mucosal tissue destruction. Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis is the main species attributed to CL in the Americas. However, studies of experimental infection are limited in the murine model due to the self-resolutive pattern of the disease. Previously, our group demonstrated that the hamster model reproduces many of the clinical and histopathological features observed in humans...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Karen M X Lim, Pearl S Y Tong, Yap-Seng Chong
OBJECTIVE: Waterbirth has been increasing in popularity in Asia (Lea W. Water babies. The Straits Times 17 February 2011. Available at National University Hospital, Singapore, is the pioneer hospital offering waterbirths to women since 2006 in a unique setting of a consultant-led service and continuous foetal monitoring. To date, no studies have been done on the conduct of waterbirths in an Asia. This study aims to evaluate if water immersion during delivery is associated with increased rates of adverse maternal and foetal outcomes as compared with conventional vaginal deliveries...
June 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Woorim Kim, Tae-Hoon Lee, Jaeyong Shin, Eun-Cheol Park
AIM: To investigate the association between spouse cognitive status and depressive symptoms in cohabiting spouses, and to further analyze how participation in social network-enhancing activities interplays in the objected relationship. METHODS: Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, 2006-2012, were used. A total of 2782 male and 2515 female married participants currently cohabiting with their partners were included in the baseline. The association between spouse cognitive status and depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale, was investigated through the generalized estimating equation model...
June 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Elena Fattore, Enrico Davoli, Sara Castiglioni, Cristina Bosetti, Andrea Re Depaolini, Irene Marzona, Ettore Zuccato, Roberto Fanelli
Asthma, one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and a leading cause of hospitalization among children, has been associated with outdoor air pollution. We applied the wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) approach to study the association between the use of salbutamol, a short-acting beta-agonist used to treat acute bronchospasm, and air pollution in the population of Milan, Italy. Composite 24-h samples of untreated wastewater were collected daily and analyzed for human metabolic residues of salbutamol by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry...
October 2016: Environmental Research
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