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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140261/proximate-composition-and-nutritional-value-of-three-macroalgae-ascophyllum-nodosum-fucus-vesiculosus-and-bifurcaria-bifurcata
#1
José M Lorenzo, Rubén Agregán, Paulo E S Munekata, Daniel Franco, Javier Carballo, Selin Şahin, Ramón Lacomba, Francisco J Barba
Proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid and ash content) and nutritional value (fatty acid, amino acid and mineral profile) of three macroalgae (Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus vesiculosus and Bifurcaria bifurcate) were studied. Chemical composition was significantly (p < 0.001) different among the three seaweeds. In this regard, the B. bifurcata presented the highest fat content (6.54% of dry matter); whereas, F. vesiculosus showed the highest protein level (12.99% dry matter). Regarding fatty acid content, the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were the most abundant followed by saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs)...
November 15, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133472/rheumatic-heart-disease-treatment-cascade-in-uganda
#2
Chris T Longenecker, Stephen R Morris, Twalib O Aliku, Andrea Beaton, Marco A Costa, Moses R Kamya, Cissy Kityo, Peter Lwabi, Grace Mirembe, Dorah Nampijja, Joselyn Rwebembera, Craig Sable, Robert A Salata, Amy Scheel, Daniel I Simon, Isaac Ssinabulya, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a leading cause of premature death and disability in low-income countries; however, few receive optimal benzathine penicillin G (BPG) therapy to prevent disease progression. We aimed to comprehensively describe the treatment cascade for RHD in Uganda to identify appropriate targets for intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the Uganda RHD Registry (n=1504), we identified the proportion of patients in the following care categories: (1) diagnosed and alive as of June 1, 2016; (2) retained in care; (3) appropriately prescribed BPG; and (4) optimally adherent to BPG (>80% of prescribed doses)...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132255/selected-radiation-safety-aspects-including-transportation-and-lodging-after-outpatient-sup-131-sup-i-therapy-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#3
Cristiane Jeyce Gomes-Lima, Di Wu, Pejman H Kharazi, Gauri Khorjekar, Matthew D Ringel, Richard J Vetter, Gary Bloom, Kenneth D Burman, Leonard Wartofsky, Douglas Van Nostrand
BACKGROUND: Whether <sup>131</sup>I treatments for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) should be performed as an outpatient or inpatient remains controversial. The objective of this study was to survey selected aspects of radiation safety of patients treated with <sup>131</sup>I for DTC as an outpatient. METHODS: An e-mail invitation was sent to over 15,000 members of ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc. to complete a web-based survey on selected aspects of radiation safety regarding their last outpatient <sup>131</sup>I treatment...
November 13, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116950/depression-and-anxiety-screening-and-triage-protocol-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs
#4
Heather Tulloch, Adam Heenan, Laura Cupper, Robert Pelletier, Pat OʼFarrell, Andrew Pipe
PURPOSE: Best practice guidelines for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) suggest routine screening for anxiety and depression, yet many patients are not screened nor do they receive mental health treatment. Protocols are required to identify those in need of care and to ensure that appropriate assistance is provided. METHODS: Consecutive patients entering CR in our setting from May 4, 2012, to May 3, 2013, completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). As per our Screening and Triage protocol for Anxiety and Depression (STAD), patients with high scores (≥16) were referred to a clinical psychologist; those with low scores (<8 for depression and <11 for anxiety) received information about community resources...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110045/-the-hessian-landgrave-philipp-the-magnanimous-1504-1567-his-diseases-and-their-political-consequences
#5
REVIEW
Gerhard Aumüller
Landgrave Philipp of Hesse was one of the leading figures of the reformation period. His morganatic marriage to a young Saxonian lady resulted in a massive impairment of his importance and initiated the division of his territory among his four legitimate sons. Triorchidism ascribed to him was more likely a misdiagnosed spermatozele, and also, there is no reliable account for his syphilis infection. The foundation of the Hessian Grand Hospitals, housing the poor, sick and disabled from the countryside, was his major social-medical achievement...
November 6, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094299/identifying-patterns-of-lifestyle-behaviors-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-tianjin-china-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Xuying Wang, Jiageng Chen, Xiaoqian Liu, Fei Gao, Haozuo Zhao, Duolan Han, Xiyue Jing, Yuanyuan Liu, Zhuang Cui, Changping Li, Jun Ma
INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle behaviors are essential elements of diabetes care. The aims of this study were to identify distinct subgroups of people with type 2 diabetes based on personal levels of lifestyle behaviors and explore the different characteristics across these subgroups. METHODS: In 2015 and 2016, 1504 outpatients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes were selected via two-stage simple random sampling from 10 municipal district hospitals in Tianjin. Participants accepted an invitation by experienced physicians to complete a questionnaire containing demographic and lifestyle content...
December 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026982/severe-hemoptysis-associated-with-bacterial-pulmonary-infection-clinical-features-significance-of-parenchymal-necrosis-and-outcome
#7
Guillaume Carteaux, Damien Contou, Guillaume Voiriot, Antoine Khalil, Marie-France Carette, Martine Antoine, Antoine Parrot, Muriel Fartoukh
PURPOSE: Severe hemoptysis (SH) associated with non-tuberculosis bacterial lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is poorly described, and the efficacy of the usual decision-making process is unknown. This study aimed at describing the clinical, radiological patterns, mechanism, and microbiological spectrum of SH related to bacterial LRTI, and assessing whether the severity of hemoptysis and the results of usual therapeutic strategy are influenced by the presence of parenchymal necrosis...
October 12, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020949/modelling-dynamic-change-of-malaria-transmission-in-holoendemic-setting-dielmo-senegal-using-longitudinal-measures-of-antibody-prevalence-to-plasmodium-falciparum-crude-schizonts-extract
#8
Oumy Niass, Philippe Saint-Pierre, Makhtar Niang, Fode Diop, Babacar Diouf, Michel Matar Faye, Fatoumata Diène Sarr, Joseph Faye, Nafissatou Diagne, Cheikh Sokhna, Jean-François Trape, Ronald Perraut, Adama Tall, Abdou Kâ Diongue, Aïssatou Toure Balde
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of local Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission has been investigated previously using the reversible catalytic model based on prevalence of antibody responses to single antigen to estimate seroconversion rates. High correlations were observed between seroconversion rates and entomological inoculation rates (EIR). However, in this model, the effects of malaria control interventions and clinical episodes on serological measurements were not assessed. This study monitors the use of antibody responses to P...
October 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982217/yoga-for-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Kalpana Sridharan, Sridharan Ramaratnam
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library, Issue 5, 2015.Yoga may induce relaxation and stress reduction, and influence the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thereby controlling seizures. Yoga would be an attractive therapeutic option for epilepsy if proved effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether people with epilepsy treated with yoga:(a) have a greater probability of becoming seizure free;(b) have a significant reduction in the frequency or duration of seizures, or both; and(c) have a better quality of life...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961020/once-daily-fluticasone-furoate-vilanterol-versus-twice-daily-fluticasone-propionate-salmeterol-in-patients-with-asthma-well-controlled-on-ics-laba
#10
David Bernstein, Leslie Andersen, Richard Forth, Loretta Jacques, Louisa Yates
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to demonstrate non-inferiority of once-daily fluticasone furoate/vilanterol 100/25 μg (FF/VI) to twice-daily fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 250/50 μg (FP/SAL) in adults/adolescents with asthma well controlled on inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2 agonist (ICS/LABA). METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, 24-week study (NCT02301975/GSK study 201378). Patients whose asthma met study-defined criteria for control were randomized 1:1:1 to receive FF/VI, FP/SAL or twice-daily FP 250 μg for 24 weeks...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947003/arcoct-automatic-detection-of-lumen-border-in-intravascular-oct-images
#11
Grigorios-Aris Cheimariotis, Yiannis S Chatzizisis, Vassilis G Koutkias, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Andreas Giannopoulos, Maria Riga, Ioanna Chouvarda, Antonios P Antoniadis, Charalambos Doulaverakis, Ioannis Tsamboulatidis, Ioannis Kompatsiaris, George D Giannoglou, Nicos Maglaveras
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an invaluable tool for the detection of pathological features on the arterial wall and the investigation of post-stenting complications. Computational lumen border detection in OCT images is highly advantageous, since it may support rapid morphometric analysis. However, automatic detection is very challenging, since OCT images typically include various artifacts that impact image clarity, including features such as side branches and intraluminal blood presence...
November 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939709/topography-and-determinants-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-visible-perivascular-spaces-in-a-large-memory-clinic-cohort
#12
Sara Shams, Juha Martola, Andreas Charidimou, Mykol Larvie, Tobias Granberg, Mana Shams, Maria Kristoffersen-Wiberg, Lars-Olof Wahlund
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging-visible perivascular spaces (PVS) are related to interstitial fluid clearance pathways (including amyloid-β) in the brain and are suggested to be a marker of cerebral small vessel disease. We investigated the role, topography, and possible implications of PVS in cognitive impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1504 patients undergoing memory clinic investigation and an associated brain magnetic resonance imaging scan were included in this cross-sectional study...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922651/evaluating-the-effect-of-smoking-cessation-treatment-on-a-complex-dynamical-system
#13
Korkut Bekiroglu, Michael A Russell, Constantino M Lagoa, Stephanie T Lanza, Megan E Piper
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dynamic relations among tobacco withdrawal symptoms to inform the development of effective smoking cessation treatments. Dynamical system models from control engineering are introduced and utilized to evaluate complex treatment effects. We demonstrate how dynamical models can be used to examine how distinct withdrawal-related processes are related over time and how treatment influences these relations. METHOD: Intensive longitudinal data from a randomized placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial (N=1504) are used to estimate a dynamical model of withdrawal-related processes including momentary craving, negative affect, quitting self-efficacy, and cessation fatigue for each of six treatment conditions (nicotine patch, nicotine lozenge, bupropion, patch + lozenge, bupropion + lozenge, and placebo)...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863870/the-role-of-self-efficacy-self-esteem-and-optimism-for-using-routine-health-check-ups-in-a-population-based-sample-a-longitudinal-perspective
#14
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut-König
While several cross-sectional studies have shown that self-efficacy, self-esteem and optimism are associated with the use of routine health check-ups, little is known about this relationship based on longitudinal studies. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to examine whether these factors are associated with routine health check-ups longitudinally. Data were retrieved from a population-based longitudinal study of individuals (≥40years of age) residing in private households in Germany (two waves: 2008 and 2011)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750622/re-classification-within-the-serogroups-o3-and-o8-of-citrobacter-strains
#15
Ewa Katzenellenbogen, Magdalena Staniszewska, Nina A Kocharova, Małgorzata Mieszała, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Sabina Górska, Yuriy A Knirel, Andrzej Gamian
BACKGROUND: Citrobacter strains are opportunistic pathogens often responsible for serious enteric as well as extra-intestinal diseases, and therefore the O-antigenic scheme, still in use in diagnostic identification, should be set for proper serotyping. The structures of more than 30 different Citrobacter O-antigens (O-polysaccharide chains of the lipopolysaccharides) of 43 Citrobacter O-serogroups have been elucidated so far. However, relationships between strains in several heterogeneous serogroups still need to be clarified by immunochemical studies...
July 27, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748445/surgeon-and-radiation-oncologist-views-on-omission-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-older-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#16
Dean A Shumway, Kent A Griffith, Michael S Sabel, Rochelle D Jones, Julie M Forstner, Terri L Bott-Kothari, Sarah T Hawley, Jacqueline Jeruss, Reshma Jagsi
PURPOSE: Although clinical trials have shown no survival advantage and only a modest improvement in local control from adjuvant radiotherapy after lumpectomy in older women with stage I, estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, radiotherapy is commonly administered, raising concerns about overtreatment. Therefore, we sought to evaluate physician views on omission of radiotherapy in older women with favorable prognosis breast cancer. METHODS: We surveyed a national sample of 713 radiation oncologists and 879 surgeons...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736921/supplementary-techniques-for-pain-control-during-root-canal-treatment-of-lower-posterior-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Pinpana Tupyota, Pattama Chailertvanitkul, Malinee Laopaiboon, Chetta Ngamjarus, Paul V Abbott, Suttichai Krisanaprakornkit
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate utilisation of supplementary techniques for pain control during root canal treatment of lower molars with irreversible pulpitis. The literature was searched using electronic databases up to year 2012. Seventeen studies with 1504 participants were included and each study compared experimental interventions with a standard treatment, i.e. the inferior alveolar nerve block. Changing the injection techniques or supplemental injection had no significant effect on pulp anaesthesia compared to the standard treatment (P = 1...
July 24, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708279/population-based-reference-values-for-the-european-organization-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-head-and-neck-module
#18
Eva Hammerlid, Ali Adnan, Ewa Silander
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to establish population-based norms for the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Head and Neck 35 (EORTC QLQ-HN35) to be used as references to facilitate the interpretation of results from health-related quality of life (HRQOL) studies of patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and QLQ-HN35 were sent to a random sample representing the Swedish general population...
July 14, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697021/injuries-sustained-during-contact-with-law-enforcement-an-analysis-from-us-trauma-centers
#19
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Jayun Cho, James M Tatum, Galinos Barmparas, Aaron Strumwasser, Daniel Grabo, Cynthia Bir, Alexander Eastman, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries sustained by civilians from interaction with police are a polarizing contemporary sociopolitical issue. Few comprehensive studies have been published using national hospital-based data. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology of these injuries to better understand this mechanism of injury. METHODS: Patients entered into the NTDB (01/2007 - 12/2012) with E-codes E970.0-E976.0 (ICD-9-CM), identifying injuries associated with law enforcement in the course of legal action, were enrolled...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693551/volunteering-and-health-benefits-in-general-adults-cumulative-effects-and-forms
#20
Jerf W K Yeung, Zhuoni Zhang, Tae Yeun Kim
BACKGROUND: Although the health benefits of volunteering have been well documented, no research has examined its cumulative effects according to other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering on multiple health outcomes in the general adult public. This study examined other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering in cumulative contribution to health outcomes (mental and physical health, life satisfaction, social well-being and depression). METHODS: Data were drawn from the Survey of Texas Adults 2004, which contains a statewide population-based sample of adults (n = 1504)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
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