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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822084/giant-biatrial-myxoma-with-two-different-gross-findings
#1
Taiyo Kuroda, Yukifusa Yokoyama, Satoshi Yuhara, Hideyuki Okawa, Hiroki Hasegawa, Jun Yokote, Shuji Tamaki, Shinji Mii
We experienced a giant biatrial myxoma concomitant with hepatocellular carcinoma. Most of myxomas originate from the left atrium, and biatrial myxomas are extremely rare. Excision of the giant cardiac tumor was performed to avoid risks of life-threatening complications. The resected mass was grossly composed of two parts with the border of interatrial septum and with the shape of peanut shell. Although microscopic examinations revealed enlarged vessels, hemorrhages and hemosiderosis in the left part and high cellularity with chronic inflammation in the right part, spindle-shaped cells in a loose myxoid stroma were observed in both parts of the tumor, consistent with the diagnosis of myxoma...
August 18, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821489/peanut-immunotherapy-provides-long-lasting-suppression-of-allergy-finds-study
#2
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820048/direct-determination-of-3-chloropropanol-esters-in-edible-vegetable-oils-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-hrms-orbitrap
#3
Giulia Graziani, Anna Gaspari, Donato Chianese, Lanfranco Conte, Alberto Ritieni
A series of refined edible oils derived from mixed seeds, peanuts, corn, sunflower and palm, obtained from the local supermarket were analyzed for their content of 3-MCPD esters. A direct analytical method for the determination of 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol fatty acid esters (3-MCPD esters) was applied to investigate the major MCPD esters found in common edible oils; in particular seven types of monoesters and eleven types of diesters were detected. The LODs for monoesters and diesters of 3-MCPD were in the range of 0...
August 18, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818653/robust-and-thermal-healing-superhydrophobic-surfaces-by-spin-coating-of-polydimethylsiloxane
#4
Mengying Long, Shan Peng, Wanshun Deng, Xiaojun Yang, Kai Miao, Ni Wen, Xinrui Miao, Wenli Deng
HYPOTHESIS: Superhydrophobic surfaces easily lose their excellent water-repellency after damages, which limit their broad applications in practice. Thus, the fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces with excellent durability and thermal healing should be taken into consideration. EXPERIMENTS: In this work, robust superhydrophobic surfaces with thermal healing were successfully fabricated by spin-coating method. To achieve superhydrophobicity, cost-less and fluoride-free polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was spin-coated on rough aluminum substrates...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818367/metabolic-features-involved-in-drought-stress-tolerance-mechanisms-in-peanut-nodules-and-their-contribution-to-biological-nitrogen-fixation
#5
Ana Laura Furlan, Eliana Bianucci, Stella Castro, Karl-Josef Dietz
Legumes belong to the most important crops worldwide. They increase soil fertility due their ability to establish symbiotic associations with soil microorganisms, known as rhizobia, capable of fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere. However, they are frequently exposed to abiotic stress conditions in particular drought. Such adverse conditions impair the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) and depend largely on the legume. Therefore, two peanut cultivars with contrasting tolerance to drought, namely the more tolerant EC-98 and the sensitive Granoleico, were investigated to elucidate the relative contribution of BNF to the tolerance to drought...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814393/soya-maize-and-sorghum-based-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-with-amino-acid-is-as-efficacious-as-the-standard-milk-and-peanut-paste-based-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-a-noninferiority-individually-randomized-controlled
#6
Paluku Bahwere, Peter Akomo, Mwawi Mwale, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Sylvester Kathumba, Chimwemwe Banda, Solomon Jere, Kate Sadler, Steve Collins
Background: Development of more cost-effective ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is a global public health priority. To date, previous lower-cost recipes have been less effective than the standard peanut and milk (PM)-based RUTF, particularly in children aged <24 mo.Objective: We aimed to compare the efficacy of the PM-RUTF to a milk-free soya, maize, and sorghum (FSMS)-RUTF enriched with crystalline amino acids without cow milk powder and a milk, soya, maize, and sorghum (MSMS)-RUTF containing 9.3% skim cow milk powder...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811020/peanut-agglutinin-and-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-functionalized-polymer-monolith-microextraction-of-igg-galactosylation-coupled-with-online-ms-detection
#7
Haijiao Zheng, Tenggao Zhu, Xiqian Li, Jiutong Ma, Qiong Jia
A facile online method coupling polymer monolithic microextraction (PMME) with mass spectrometry (MS) was developed for the detection of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) galactosylation glycopeptides. A peanut agglutinin-β-cyclodextrin (PNA-β-CD) functionalized poly(hydroxyethyl methylacrylate-ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) monolith was designed via a click reaction. Thanking to the specificity of PNA-β-CD for the targets, the material exhibited enhanced enrichment selectivity and extraction efficiency for IgG galactosylation glycopeptides...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810560/effects-of-taohongsiwu-decoction-on-the-expression-of-%C3%AE-sma-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-mrna-in-the-liver-tissues-of-a-rat-model-of-hepatic-cirrhosis
#8
Tongsheng Wang, Deling Wu, Peipei Li, Ke Zhang, Shanjun Tao, Zhu Li, Jun Li
The present study aimed to explore the treatment effects of Taohongsiwu decoction on the liver fibrosis in a rat model, as few prior studies have investigated the anti-fibrotic effects of Taohongsiwu decoction. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure the concentration of ferulic acid and hydrosafflower flavin A in the decoction. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, model, colchicine (positive group), Taohongsiwu-high, Taohongsiwu-moderate and Taohongsiwu-low groups; 50% carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) of peanut oil solution was subcutaneously injected to the rats except for the control group, and the drugs were intragastrically administered (10 ml/kg) starting at week 7 for 6 continuous weeks...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806700/a-large-raman-scattering-cross-section-molecular-embedded-sers-aptasensor-for-ultrasensitive-aflatoxin-b1-detection-using-cs-fe3o4-for-signal-enrichment
#9
Quansheng Chen, Mingxiu Yang, Xiaojing Yang, Huanhuan Li, Zhiming Guo, M H Rahma
With growing concern on oil safety problems, developing a simple and sensitive method to detect Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a common mycotoxin in peanut oil, is very necessary. In this study, Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) aptasensor was developed for ultrasensitive AFB1 detection using the amino-terminal AFB1 aptamer (NH2-DNA1); and thiol-terminal AFB1 complementary aptamer (SH-DNA2) conjugated magnetic-beads (CS-Fe3O4) as enrichment nanoprobe and AuNR@DNTB@Ag nanorods (ADANRs) as reporter nanoprobe respectively...
August 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802077/helicobacter-pylori-and-its-secreted-immunomodulator-vaca-protect-against-anaphylaxis-in-experimental-models-of-food-allergy
#10
Andreas Kyburz, Sabine Urban, Aleksandra Altobelli, Stefan Floess, Jochen Huehn, Timothy L Cover, Anne Müller
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is an increasingly common health problem in Western populations. Epidemiological studies have suggested both positive and negative associations between food allergy and infection with the gastric bacterium Helicobacter pylori. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to investigate whether experimental infection with H. pylori, or prophylactic treatment with H. pylori-derived immunomodulatory molecules, affects the onset and severity of food allergy, either positively or negatively...
August 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800361/identification-of-a-common-ara-h-3-epitope-recognized-by-both-the-capture-and-the-detection-monoclonal-antibodies-in-an-elisa-detection-kit
#11
Lipei Zhao, Liang Zhao, Buchang Zhang, Jason M Robotham, Kenneth H Roux, Hengli Tang
Allergy to peanuts has become a common and severe problem, especially in westernized countries. In this study, we evaluated the target and epitope specificity of the capture and detection mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) used in a commercial peanut allergen detection platform. We first identified the target of these antibodies as Ara h 3 and then used an overlapping peptide array of Ara h 3 to determine the antibody-binding epitopes. Further amino acids critical for the binding via alanine substitutions at individual amino acid residues within the epitope were mapped...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799940/experimental-study-on-treating-agate-dyeing-wastewater-with-sulfate-reducing-bacteria-strengthening-peanut-shells-and-scrap-iron
#12
Junzhen Di, Mingxin Wang
To solve the problems of high concentrations of Cr(6+), SO4(2-) and H(+) in agate dyeing industrial wastewater and heavy pollution and high treating cost, single-factor and orthogonal experiments were conducted to determine the optimum particle size, the ratio of adsorbents dosing and hydraulic retention time based on peanut shells and scrap iron. Experiments, using five dynamic columns filled with the peanut shells, scrap iron and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), were also conducted to determine the effect and mechanism of treating the wastewater...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799776/mycotoxin-contamination-of-foods-in-southern-africa-a-10-year-review-2007-2016
#13
J M Misihairabgwi, C N Ezekiel, M Sulyok, G S Shephard, R Krska
Major staple foods in Southern Africa are prone to mycotoxin contamination, posing health risks to consumers and consequent economic losses. Regional climatic zones favor the growth of one or more main mycotoxin producing fungi, Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillium. Aflatoxin contamination is mainly reported in maize, peanuts and their products, fumonisin contamination in maize and maize products and patulin in apple juice. Lack of awareness of occurrence and risks of mycotoxins, poor agricultural practices and undiversified diets predispose populations to dietary mycotoxin exposure...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795692/the-novel-resveratrol-derivative-3-5-diethoxy-3-4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene-induces-mitochondrial-ros-mediated-er-stress-and-cell-death-in-human-hepatoma-cells-in-vitro
#14
Jae-Woo Park, Woo-Gyun Choi, Phil-Jun Lee, Su-Wol Chung, Byung-Sam Kim, Hun-Taeg Chung, Sungchan Cho, Jong-Heon Kim, Byoung-Heon Kang, Hyoungsu Kim, Hong-Pyo Kim, Sung-Hoon Back
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known polyphenol that is present in grapes, peanuts, pine seeds, and several other plants. Resveratrol exerts deleterious effects on various types of human cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the cell death-inducing mechanisms of resveratrol-006 (Res-006), a novel resveratrol derivative in human liver cancer cells in vitro. Res-006 was more effectively suppressed the viability of HepG2 human hepatoma cells than resveratrol (the IC50 values were 67.2 and 354...
August 10, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795292/relevance-of-lipophilic-allergens-in-food-allergy-diagnosis
#15
REVIEW
Uta Jappe, Christian Schwager
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide available data on a new class of allergens, the oleosins, and their diagnostic value. There is evidence that allergen extracts used for in vivo as well as in vitro diagnostic tests do not contain oleosins because these proteins are lipophilic and nearly insoluble in saline or aqueous solutions. So far, only oleosins of peanut, sesame and hazelnut have been registered as allergens. Reports on IgE-binding tests performed with oleosins of different species with sera from allergic patients show that IgE specific for oleosins are associated with severe allergic reactions which is why they should be part of the diagnostic tests in the future...
August 9, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793762/rational-design-of-go-modified-fe3o4-sio2-nanoparticles-with-combined-rhenium-188-and-gambogic-acid-for-magnetic-target-therapy
#16
Yuxiang Yang, Yicheng Liu, Chao Cheng, Haowei Shi, Huan Yang, Hongming Yuan, Chaoying Ni
Peanut-like magnetic-fluorescent Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoparticles, with an effective dynamic diameter of 180 nm, were synthesized in this study via EuO+ doping and coupling of two Fe3O4 cores reassembly through solvothermal process. Spherical pure Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoparticles with an effective dynamic diameter of 230 nm were also prepared for comparison. We designed graphene oxide modified core-shell Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoparticles as nano-carrier for loading gambogic acid following labeling with radioisotope rhenium-188. We also performed gambogic acid loading and releasing on gambogic acid-loaded magnetic nanoparticles, in vivo biodistribution as well as magnetic drug targeting therapy experiments...
August 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792732/integrated-magneto-chemical-sensor-for-on-site-food-allergen-detection
#17
Hsing-Ying Lin, Chen-Han Huang, Jongmin Park, Divya Pathania, Cesar M Castro, Alessio Fasano, Ralph Weissleder, Hakho Lee
Adverse food reactions, including food allergies, food sensitivities, and autoimmune reaction (e.g., celiac disease) affect 5-15% of the population and remain a considerable public health problem requiring stringent food avoidance and epinephrine availability for emergency events. Avoiding problematic foods is practically difficult, given current reliance on prepared foods and out-of-home meals. In response, we developed a portable, point-of-use detection technology, termed integrated Exogenous Antigen Testing (iEAT)...
August 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791210/biosynthesis-of-mgo-nanoparticles-using-mushroom-extract-effect-on-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-seed-germination
#18
K Jhansi, N Jayarambabu, K Paul Reddy, N Manohar Reddy, R Padma Suvarna, K Venkateswara Rao, V Ramesh Kumar, V Rajendar
Current study describes the green, environmental friendly, and cost-effectiveness technique for the preparation of MgO nanoparticles (NPs) via white button mushroom aqueous extract. The synthesized MgO NPs were characterized using equipments such as X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) for average crystalline size, particle size, morphology, elemental analysis, and weight loss of the materials, respectively...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780515/the-concordance-between-component-tests-and-clinical-history-in-british-adults-with-suspected-pollen-food-syndrome-to-peanut-and-hazelnut
#19
Sarah C Beck, Aarnoud P Huissoon, Donna Collins, Alex G Richter, Mamidipudi T Krishna
BACKGROUND: Mild oropharyngeal symptoms to peanut/hazelnut occur in ~30% of patients with pollen-food syndrome (PFS). Component tests are considered a useful adjunct to the diagnosis and may help differentiate PFS from those at a risk of anaphylaxis due to storage protein/lipid transfer protein (LTP) sensitisation. AIMS: To assess concordance between component tests and clinical history in suspected PFS to peanut/hazelnut in a specialist clinic. METHODS: Adult patients were classified into PFS (group 1, n=69) and PFS with mild systemic symptoms (group 2, n=45) based on clinical history...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780064/presenting-a-food-in-multiple-smaller-units-increases-expected-satiety
#20
Rose E Oldham-Cooper, Laura L Wilkinson, Charlotte A Hardman, Peter J Rogers, Jeffrey M Brunstrom
Presentation of the same amount of a food in multiple smaller units ('segmentation') has been shown to reduce food intake and increase estimates of the amount of food consumed. However, this effect has been demonstrated for ad libitum food intake only. In the majority of cases, meals are not consumed ad libitum, but are pre-selected and consumed in their entirety, Expected satiety (ES; the anticipated capacity of a portion of food to relieve hunger between meals) is an excellent predictor of portion size selection...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
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