keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peanut

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734861/low-food-allergy-prevalence-despite-delayed-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-data-from-the-gusto-cohort
#1
Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Jia Ying Toh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Hugo P S Van Bever, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence that early introduction of allergenic food decreases the risk of food allergy development, especially in high-risk infants with eczema. However, there is a lack of data to suggest whether this association holds true in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the timing of introduction of allergenic foods and food allergy outcomes in infants in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733927/nut-intake-and-5-year-changes-in-body-weight-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-results-from-the-epic-panacea-study
#2
Heinz Freisling, Hwayoung Noh, Nadia Slimani, Véronique Chajès, Anne M May, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Amanda J Cross, Guri Skeie, Mazda Jenab, Francesca R Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi, Verena A Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Annika Steffen, Heiner Boeing, Anne Tjønneland, Cecilie Kyrø, Camilla P Hansen, Kim Overvad, Eric J Duell, Daniel Redondo-Sánchez, Pilar Amiano, Carmen Navarro, Aurelio Barricarte, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Dagfinn Aune, Heather Ward, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Philippos Orfanos, Giovanna Masala, Claudia Agnoli, Franco Berrino, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Amalia Mattiello, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Ulrika Ericson, Emily Sonestedt, Anna Winkvist, Tonje Braaten, Isabelle Romieu, Joan Sabaté
PURPOSE: There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years. METHODS: This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25-70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Habitual intake of nuts including peanuts, together defined as nut intake, was estimated from country-specific validated dietary questionnaires...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732937/dispersion-enhancing-effect-of-sonochemically-functionalized-graphene-oxide-for-catalysing-antioxidant-efficacy-of-curcumin
#3
Shrikant S Maktedar, Parth Malik, Gopal Avashthi, Man Singh
The non-hazardous sonochemical approach has been developed for the functionalization of graphene oxide (GrO) with 5-Aminoindazole (5-AIND). The formation of f-(5-AIND) GrO is confirmed with (13)C solid state NMR, HRXPS, XRD, Raman, TGA, DSC, FTIR etc. The >80% cell viabilities on MCF-7 and Vero cell lines have confirmed the high cytocompatibility of f-(5-AIND) GrO. Additionally, the morphological impact on Vero cell line has evidently confirmed the biocompatibility of f-(5-AIND) GrO. As compared to GrO, the f-(5-AIND) GrO has demonstrated an enhanced antioxidant efficacy of 69...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#4
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728358/tropical-plant-supplementation-effects-on-the-performance-and-parasite-burden-of-goats
#5
Juan Jose Romero, Miguel Augusto Zarate, Ibukun M Ogunade, Kathy G Arriola, Adegbola Tolulope Adesogan
Objective: Examine the effects of supplementing bahiagrass hay (BG) with potentially anthelmintic quantities of hays of perennial peanut (PEA) or sericea lespedeza (LES) or seeds of velvet bean (MUC) or papaya (PAP) on the intake and nutritive value (Experiment 1), and the performance and parasite burden (Experiment 2) of goats. Methods: In experiment 1, 38 male goats (27.4 ± 5.7 kg BW) were randomly assigned to each of 5 treatments: 1) BG alone and BG plus 2) PEA; 3) LES; 4) MUC; and 5) PAP...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728236/-epidemiological-investigation-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-ningxia
#6
X L Shen, D Zhao, X H Yan, P Yang, N Y Feng, W L Wen, H Y Ha, Z C Yang, L L Di, H Q Guo, H T Liu, R X Ma
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Ningxia and to analyze its related factors. Methods: From March to September of 2013, a multi-stage and cluster sampling method was used to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AR in Ningxia Area (3 years and above). Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009, Wuyishan) was used as the basis for the diagnosis of adult AR, while Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis (2010, Chongqing) was used as the basis for children...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727082/comparison-of-amino-acid-digestibility-in-full-fat-soybean-two-soybean-meals-and-peanut-flour-between-broiler-chickens-and-growing-pigs
#7
C S Park, A Helmbrecht, J K Htoo, O Adeola
The aim of this study was to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in full-fat soybean (FFSB), solvent-extracted soybean meal containing 430 g/kg CP (SBM-43), solvent-extracted soybean meal containing 470 g/kg CP (SBM-47), and peanut flour (PNF) fed to broiler chickens and pigs and to compare the digestibility of CP and AA between broiler chickens and pigs. Four diets were prepared to contain FFSB, SBM-43, SBM-47, and PNF as the sole source of N...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725335/is-peanut-causing-food-allergy-in-cuba-preliminary-assessment-of-allergic-sensitization-and-ige-specificity-profile-to-peanut-allergens-in-cuban-allergic-patients
#8
Mayteé Mateo-Morejón, Alexis Labrada-Rosado, Damaris Torralba-Averoff, Rayza Cruz-Jimenez, Yunia Oliva-Díaz, Mirta Álvarez-Castelló, Alexander Ciria-Martín, Marlene Jiménez-Frandín, Mary Carmen Reyes-Zamora, Raúl Lázaro Castro-Almarales, Beatriz Tamargo-García
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is increasing at an alarming pace in developed countries. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is a common food in Cuba. Nevertheless, reported values of sensitization and symptom severity are usually low. As our objective, we carried out an evaluation of allergic sensitivity to perform an assessment of allergic sensitization and IgE specificity profile to peanut allergens in Cuban allergic patients. METHODS: The Skin Prick Test (SPT) was performed for each patient, using two glycerinated allergenic extracts, prepared from raw or roasted peanuts...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723243/pathogenicity-of-nectriaceous-fungi-on-avocado-in-australia
#9
Louisamarie Parkinson, Roger Shivas, Elizabeth Dann
Black root rot is a severe disease of young avocado trees in Australia causing black necrotic roots, tree stunting, and leaf drop prior to tree death. Nectriaceous fungi (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales), are commonly isolated from symptomatic roots. This research tested the pathogenicity of 19 isolates from Calonectria, Cylindrocladiella, Dactylonectria, Gliocladiopsis and Ilyonectria, spp. collected from young avocado trees and other hosts. Glasshouse pathogenicity tests with avocado (Persea americana) cv. Reed seedlings confirmed that Calonectria ilicicola is a severe pathogen of avocado, causing stunting, wilting and seedling death within 5 weeks of inoculation...
July 19, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720972/optimization-of-microwave-roasting-of-peanuts-and-evaluation-of-its-physicochemical-and-sensory-attributes
#10
Rakesh Kumar Raigar, Rohit Upadhyay, Hari Niwas Mishra
In this study, the microwave (MW) roasting (MWR) of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) is attempted, optimized and compared with conventional drum roasting. A two factor/three level face centered composite design based MWR experiments was conducted at different roasting time (60, 180 and 300 s) and MW power levels (180, 540 and 900 W). The roasting quality was analyzed by physicochemical and sensory attributes of roasted peanuts and extracted oil viz., moisture loss, hardness, browning index (BI), induction period (IP) based on Rancimat, peroxide value (PV) and overall acceptability (OA), respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719388/what-is-new-in-managing-patients-with-food-allergy-almost-everything
#11
Brian Schroer, Jaclyn Bjelac, Mandy Leonard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to describe current concepts in managing patients with food allergy. There have been many recent advances in the management of patients with IgE-mediated reactions to food, including diagnosis, prevention, management, and ongoing research in the field. Food allergy is increasing in prevalence and may be life threatening. This review aims to highlight changes in recommended practice when diagnosing and managing patients with food allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Early introduction of highly allergenic foods, particularly peanut, has been shown to decrease the risk for development of food allergy in patients who are at elevated risk...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713410/isolation-of-an-aba-transporter-like-1-gene-from-arachis-hypogaea-that-affects-aba-import-and-reduces-aba-sensitivity-in-arabidopsis
#12
Kui Ge, Xing Liu, Xiaoyun Li, Bo Hu, Ling Li
Abscisic acid (ABA) transporters are essential for the transport of ABA from its sites of synthesis to its multiple sites of action within plants and are key players in plant stress responses. Despite their importance, there is limited information on ABA transporters in crop plants. In this study, we isolated and characterized an ABA transporter-like 1 (AhATL1) gene from peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) whose cognate protein, AhATL1, is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter G subfamily and localizes to the plasma membrane...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712501/gene-editing-in-polyploid-crops-wheat-camelina-canola-potato-cotton-peanut-sugar-cane-and-citrus
#13
Donald P Weeks
Polyploid crops make up a significant portion of the major food and fiber crops of the world and include wheat, potato, cotton, apple, peanut, citrus, and brassica oilseeds such as rape, canola, and Camelina. The presence of three sets of chromosomes in triploids, four sets in tetraploids, and six sets in hexaploids present significant challenges to conventional plant breeding and, potentially, to efficient use of rapidly emerging gene and genome-editing systems such as zinc finger nucleases, single-stranded oligonucleotides, TALE effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9)...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709968/specific-allergen-profiles-of-peanut-foods-and-of-diagnostic-or-therapeutic-allergenic-products
#14
Stephanie Filep, Denise Block, Bryan R E Smith, Eva M King, Scott Commins, Michael Kulis, Brian P Vickery, Martin D Chapman
RATIONALE: 'Generic' immunoassays for peanut cannot discriminate between allergen levels in peanut derived food products or therapeutics. Clinical trials of oral immunotherapy are strengthened by using standardized peanut preparations, with defined doses of major allergens. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes measurement of Ara h 1, Ara h 2 and Ara h 6 in peanut foods and in peanut flour extracts used for allergy diagnosis and oral immunotherapy. METHODS: Monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassays for Ara h 1, Ara h 2 and Ara h 6 were used to compare allergen levels in peanut (n=19) and tree nut (n=16) butter, peanut flour (n=11); oils (n=8); extracts used for diagnosis and oral immunotherapy (n=5); and the National Institute for Standards and Technology Peanut Butter Standard Reference Material® 2387...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709966/dose-of-allergens-in-a-peanut-snack-bamba-%C3%A2-associated-with-prevention-of-peanut-allergy
#15
James P Hindley, Stephanie Filep, Denise Block, Eva M King, Martin D Chapman
This letter reports the dose of specific allergens (Ara h 1, Ara h 2 and Ara h 6) in the peanut snack (Bamba(®)) that was successfully used to prevent peanut allergy in the Learning Early About Peanut (LEAP) study. The results provide weekly doses of specific allergen that are associated with prevention of peanut allergy.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709697/effects-of-p-limitation-and-molecules-from-peanut-root-exudates-on-pqqe-gene-expression-and-pqq-promoter-activity-in-the-phosphate-solubilizing-strain-serratia-sp-s119
#16
Liliana M Ludueña, Maria S Anzuay, Cynthia Magallanes-Noguera, Maria L Tonelli, Fernando J Ibañez, Jorge G Angelini, Adriana Fabra, Matthew McIntosh, Tania Taurian
The mineral phosphate-solubilizing phenotype in bacteria is attributed predominantly to secretion of gluconic acid produced by oxidation of glucose by the glucose dehydrogenase enzyme and its cofactor, pyrroloquinoline quinone. This study analyzes pqqE gene expression and pqq promoter activity in the native phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Serratia sp S119 growing under P-limitation, and in the presence of root exudates obtained from peanut plants, also growing under P-limitation. Results indicated that Serratia sp...
July 11, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709571/timing-of-food-introduction-and-atopy-prevention
#17
Malika Gupta, Scott H Sicherer
The apparent increase in atopic disease, particularly food allergy, over the past 2 decades has resulted in reconsideration of prevention strategies aimed at the infant's diet. Early advice to have atopy-prone infants delay ingestion of potential food allergens, such as egg, cow's milk, and peanut, was rescinded, as new evidence emerged that did not support these approaches. More recently, randomized controlled trials have provided data to support an opposite strategy, promoting early ingestion of allergens as a means of food allergy prevention...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709434/integrating-multi-omics-analyses-of-nonomuraea-dietziae-to-reveal-the-role-of-soybean-oil-in-4-oh-meleu-4-csa-overproduction
#18
Huanhuan Liu, Di Huang, Lina Jin, Cheng Wang, Shaoxiong Liang, Jianping Wen
BACKGROUND: Nonomuraea dietziae is a promising microorganism to mediate the region-specific monooxygenation reaction of cyclosporine A (CsA). The main product [(4'-OH)MeLeu](4)-CsA possesses high anti-HIV/HCV and hair growth-stimulating activities while avoiding the immunosuppressive effect of CsA. However, the low conversion efficiency restricts the clinical application. In this study, the production of [(4'-OH)MeLeu](4)-CsA was greatly improved by 55.6% from 182.8 to 284.4 mg/L when supplementing soybean oil into the production medium, which represented the highest production of [(4'-OH)MeLeu](4)-CsA so far...
July 14, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704974/genotypic-regulation-of-aflatoxin-accumulation-but-not-aspergillus-fungal-growth-upon-post-harvest-infection-of-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-seeds
#19
Walid Ahmed Korani, Ye Chu, Corley Holbrook, Josh Clevenger, Peggy Ozias-Akins
Aflatoxin contamination is a major economic and food safety concern for the peanut industry that largely could be mitigated by genetic resistance. To screen peanut for aflatoxin resistance, ten genotypes were infected with a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing Aspergillus flavus strain. Percentages of fungal infected area and fungal GFP signal intensity were documented by visual ratings every 8 h for 72 h after inoculation. Significant genotypic differences in fungal growth rates were documented by repeated measures and area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) analyses...
July 12, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695536/molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-anti-depressant-effects-of-resveratrol-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Aline Lukasievicz Chenet, Adriane Ribeiro Duarte, Giselli Scaini, João Quevedo
Major depression is a public health problem, affecting 121 million people worldwide. Patients suffering from depression present high rates of morbidity, causing profound economic and social impacts. Furthermore, patients with depression present cognitive impairments, which could influence on treatment adherence and long-term outcomes. The pathophysiology of major depression is not completely understood yet but involves reduced levels of monoamine neurotransmitters, bioenergetics, and redox disturbances, as well as inflammation and neuronal loss...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
keyword
keyword
6103
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"