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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906146/peanut-skin-extract-mediated-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-silver-nanoparticles-and-gold-silver-bionanocomposites-for-electrochemical-sudan-iv-sensing
#1
Alok Pani, Tran Duy Thanh, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee, Soon-Il Yun
Sustainable methods are needed for rapid and efficient detection of environmental and food pollutants. The Sudan group of dyes has been used extensively as adulterants in food and also are found to be polluting the soil and water bodies. There have been several methods for detection of Sudan dyes, but most of them are not practical enough for common use. In this study, the electrochemical detection efficiency and stability of gold nanoparticle (AuNPs), silver NPs and Au-Ag bionanocomposites, synthesised by peanut skin extract, modified glassy carbon electrode has been investigated...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906014/acceptability-and-use-of-ready-to-use-supplementary-food-compared-to-corn-soy-blend-as-a-targeted-ration-in-an-hiv-program-in-rural-haiti-a-qualitative-study
#2
Anne G Beckett, Debbie Humphries, J Gregory Jerome, Jessica E Teng, Patrick Ulysse, Louise C Ivers
BACKGROUND: Ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) is increasingly used as a component of food rations for adults with HIV. METHODS: We undertook a qualitative study to evaluate the acceptability and use of peanut-based RUSF compared to corn-soy blend (CSB) among adults living with HIV in rural Haiti who had been enrolled in a prospective, randomized trial comparing the impact of those rations. A total of 13 focus groups were conducted with 84 participants-42 selected from the RUSF arm of the study, and 42 from the CSB arm-using a guide with pre-designated core topics and open-ended questions...
February 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904389/performance-of-different-natural-antioxidant-compounds%C3%A2-in-frying-oil
#3
Buket Aydenız, Emin Yilmaz
In this study, the natural green tea extract, purified lycopene, purified resveratrol and purified γ-oryzanol were added into peanut oil and their antioxidant performances were evaluated during frying. Moreover, the sensory properties of fried dough were evaluated to determine the consumption feasibility. All natural antioxidants led to significant increase in the stability of the oil samples. The ranges of measurements in the treatment groups were as follows: free acidity 0.1-2.9 g of oleic acid per 100 g of oil, conjugated dienes 0...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902796/target-amplicon-sequencing-for-genotyping-genome-wide-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-identified-by-whole-genome-resequencing-in-peanut
#4
Kenta Shirasawa, Chikara Kuwata, Manabu Watanabe, Masanobu Fukami, Hideki Hirakawa, Sachiko Isobe
Genome-wide genotyping data regarding breeding materials are essential resources for improving breeding efficiency, especially in plants with complex genomes with a high degree of polyploidy. Several current breeding efforts in cultivated peanut ( L.), which has a tetraploid genome, are devoted to developing high oleic acid cultivars. Genetic maps for such breeding programs have been developed using simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers, the use of which requires time-consuming electrophoretic analyses. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology can overcome this technical hurdle...
November 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898972/intake-digestibility-performance-and-nitrogen-metabolism-of-feedlot-finished-young-bulls-fed-diets-containing-peanut-cake
#5
B R Correia, G G P de Carvalho, R L Oliveira, A J V Pires, O L Ribeiro, R R Silva, A G Leão, P A Oliveira
This aim of this study was to evaluate the use of peanut cake as a dietary substitute for soybean meal and to determine the effects on intake, apparent digestibility, performance, and N metabolism in feedlot-finished young bulls. Thirty-two young Nellore bulls with an average initial BW of 390 ± 43.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design and individually housed in stalls. The young bulls were fed Tifton 85 hay and 4 concentrate mixes containing 0, 33, 66, or 100% peanut cake replacing soybean meal...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896827/leaping-through-the-looking-glass-secondary-analysis-of-the-effect-of-skin-test-size-and-age-of-introduction-on-peanut-tolerance-after-early-peanut-introduction
#6
Matthew Greenhawt, David Fleischer, Edmond S Chan, Carina Venter, David Stukus, Ruchi Gupta, Jonathan Spergel
BACKGROUND: In the Learning Early About Peanut Allergy (LEAP) study, early peanut introduction in high-risk 4-11 month olds was associated with a significantly decreased risk of developing peanut allergy. However, the influences of key baseline high-risk factors on peanut tolerance are poorly understood. METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted on the publically available LEAP dataset, exploring relationships between peanut tolerance, baseline peanut/egg sensitization, eczema severity/duration, age of introduction, gender, and race...
November 29, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893943/peanut-allergy-anaphylaxis-adrenaline-and-exacerbations-of-asthma
#7
EDITORIAL
G Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892597/a-multi-center-study-on-anaphylaxis-caused-by-peanut-tree-nuts-and-seeds-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Kyunguk Jeong, So-Yeon Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Hae-Ran Lee, Dong In Suh, Bok-Yang Pyun, Taek Ki Min, Ji-Won Kwon, Kyu-Earn Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Yoon Hee Kim, Tae Won Song, Jung Hyun Kwon, You Hoon Jeon, Hyung Young Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Young Min Ahn, Sooyoung Lee
Peanut (PN) and tree nuts (TNs) are common causes of anaphylaxis in Western countries but no information is available in Korea. To feature clinical characteristics of anaphylaxis caused by PN, TNs, and seeds, a retrospective medical record review was performed in 14 university hospitals in Korea (2009-2013).One hundred and twenty-six cases were identified, with the mean age of 4.9 years. PN, walnut (WN), and pine nut accounted for 32.5%, 41.3%, and 7.1%, respectively. The median values of specific IgE (sIgE) to PN, WN and pine nut were 10...
November 28, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892506/negative-feedback-regulation-of-aba-biosynthesis-in-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-a-transcription-factor-complex-inhibits-ahnced1-expression-during-water-stress
#9
Shuai Liu, Meijuan Li, Liangchen Su, Kui Ge, Limei Li, Xiaoyun Li, Xu Liu, Ling Li
Abscisic acid (ABA), a key plant stress-signaling hormone, is produced in response to drought and counteracts the effects of this stress. The accumulation of ABA is controlled by the enzyme 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED). In Arabidopsis, NCED3 is regulated by a positive feedback mechanism by ABA. In this study in peanut (Arachis hypogaea), we demonstrate that ABA biosynthesis is also controlled by negative feedback regulation, mediated by the inhibitory effect on AhNCED1 transcription of a protein complex between transcription factors AhNAC2 and AhAREB1...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891699/effects-of-oils-on-feed-mildew-and-quality
#10
Jie Liu, Ming Qi, Yakuan Huang, Jiao Guo, Jiacai Zhang, Chong Li, Niya Zhang, Lvhui Sun, Desheng Qi
This study was performed to determine the effects of oils on feed mildew and feed quality. Under different moisture content conditions (10%, 13% and 16%), the basal feeds were supplemented with 4%, 6%, 8%, 10% and 12% soybean oil. In addition, at different moisture content levels (10%, 13% and 16%), the basal feed was supplemented with 12% of various types of oil (soybean, peanut, corn and fish). Subsequently, a mixed mold spore suspension was added. The feed samples were incubated at 28°C, and the total mold, water activity (Aw), moisture, acid value, crude protein (CP), crude lipid (CL), crude ash (CA) and nitrogen-free extract (NFE) levels were determined at 15, 30, 45 and 60 days...
November 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888824/clinico-radiological-parameters-predicting-early-diagnosis-of-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children
#11
Pradipta Kumar Parida, Nirmal Shanmugasundaram, Surianarayanan Gopalakrishnan
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate clinical and radiological findings to make early diagnosis of foreign body (FB) aspiration in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on 45 children younger than 12 years with a clinical diagnosis of FB aspiration undergone rigid bronchoscopy between September 2010 and May 2014. The results of 37 children (22 males, 15 females; mean age 2.6 years; range 1 to 12 years) with positive for FB on bronchoscopy were analyzed...
September 2016: Kulak Burun Boğaz Ihtisas Dergisi: KBB, Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886390/green-yellow-and-red-risk-perception-in-everyday-life-a-communication-tool
#12
A Stensgaard, A DunnGalvin, D Nielsen, M Munch, C Bindslev-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have the highest risk for food allergy-related fatalities. Our main aim was to investigate the level of risk in everyday social situations as perceived by adolescents/young adults with peanut allergy, their families and their friends. METHODS: The web-based 'Colours Of Risks' (COR) questionnaire was completed by 70 patients (aged 12-23 years), 103 mothers and fathers, 31 siblings (aged 12-26 years), and 42 friends (aged 12-24 years). COR deals with six main contexts (home, school/university, work, visiting/social activities, special occasions/parties, and vacations), each with 1-12 items...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886380/acceptability-and-preference-drivers-of-freshly-roasted-peanuts
#13
Shangci Wang, Koushik Adhikari, Yen-Con Hung
The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the sensory perceptions and aroma volatiles of 6 freshly roasted peanut samples and to explore the drivers of consumer acceptability. Normal-oleic Georgia 06G kernels (06G), high-oleic Georgia 13M kernels (13M), Georgia runner (mixed) in-shell (InR) & kernels (R), and Virginia (mixed) in-shell (InVA) & kernels (VA) were roasted to medium doneness for consumers, descriptive, and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) tests. For Virginia variety, InVA was preferred over VA...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885803/rapid-and-sensitive-determination-of-phytosterols-in-functional-foods-and-medicinal-herbs-by-using-uhplc-ms-ms-with-microwave-assisted-derivatization-combined-with-dual-ultrasound-assisted-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction
#14
Jing Sun, Xian-En Zhao, Jun Dang, Xiaoyan Sun, Longfang Zheng, Jinmao You, Xiao Wang
In this work, a hyphenated technique of dual ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with microwave-assisted derivatization followed by ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry has been developed for the determination of phytosterols in functional foods and medicinal herbs. Multiple reaction monitoring mode was used for the tandem mass spectrometry detection. A mass-spectrometry-sensitive reagent, 4'-carboxy-substituted rosamine, has been used as the derivatization reagent for five phytosterols, and internal standard diosgenin was used for the first time...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883239/individually-dosed-omalizumab-an-effective-treatment-for-severe-peanut-allergy
#15
J Brandström, M Vetander, G Lilja, S G O Johansson, A-C Sundqvist, F Kalm, C Nilsson, A Nopp
BACKGROUND: Treatment with omalizumab has shown a positive effect on food allergies, but no dosages are established. Basophil allergen threshold sensitivity (CD-sens) can be used to objectively measure omalizumab treatment efficacy and correlates with the outcome of Double Blind Placebo Controlled Food Challenge to peanut. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if individualized omalizumab treatment monitored by CD-sens could be an effective intervention for suppression of allergic reactions to peanut...
November 24, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883235/genome-wide-association-study-of-peanut-allergy-reproduces-association-with-amino-acid-polymorphisms-in-hla-drb1
#16
David J Martino, Sarah Ashley, Jennifer Koplin, Justine Ellis, Richard Saffery, Shyamali C Dharmage, Lyle Gurrin, Melanie C Matheson, Birgit Kalb, Ingo Marenholz, Kirsten Beyer, Young-Ae Lee, Xiumei Hong, Xiaobin Wang, Damjan Vukevic, Allan Motyer, Stephen Leslie, Katrina J Allen, Manuel A R Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Genetic variants for IgE-mediated peanut allergy are yet to be fully characterized and to date only one genome-wide association study (GWAS) has been published. OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic variants associated with challenge proven peanut allergy. METHODS: We carried out a GWAS comparing 73 infants with challenge-proven IgE-mediated peanut allergy against 148 non-allergic infants (all ~ 1 year old). We tested a total of 3.8 million single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), as well as imputed HLA alleles and amino acids...
November 24, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880855/the-paradoxical-pro-and-antiangiogenic-actions-of-resveratrol-therapeutic-applications-in-cancer-and-diabetes
#17
Mohammad Amin Kamaleddin
Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in grapes, peanuts, and red wine, plays different roles in diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Existing information indicates that resveratrol provides cardioprotection, as evidenced by superior postischemic ventricular recovery, reduced myocardial infarct size, and decreased number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes associated with resveratrol treatment in animal models. Cardiovascular benefits are experienced in humans with routine but not acute consumption of red wine. In this concise review, the paradoxical pro- and antiangiogenic effects of resveratrol are described, and different roles for resveratrol in the formation of new blood vessels are explained through different mechanisms...
November 23, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879501/introducing-allergenic-food-into-infants-diets-systematic-review
#18
Katelin Larson, Jessica McLaughlin, Mallory Stonehouse, Brittany Young, Kristin Haglund
PURPOSE: The purpose of this evidence-based review was to explore the association between timing of introduction of potentially allergenic foods to infants and development of food allergies. METHODS: CINAHL, Medline, PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were searched using the terms solid food, complementary food, or infant feeding combined with allergy or hypersensitivity for articles published in English in 2000 or later. Inclusion criteria were 1) primary research articles with 2) a focus on association between introduction of complementary foods including potentially allergenic foods into diets of infants less than 12 months of age and development of food allergies...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873194/lupin-and-other-potentially-cross-reactive-allergens-in-peanut-allergy
#19
REVIEW
Maurizio Mennini, Lamia Dahdah, Oscar Mazzina, Alessandro Fiocchi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The presence of IgE cross-reactivity between peanut allergens and allergens from other legumes and tree nuts has been demonstrated, but the identification of the involved individual allergens is still limited. The aim of this review is to describe new allergenic findings, of potential relevance for cross-reactivity among peanut and lupin. RECENT FINDINGS: Seventeen allergens of peanut have been included in the official allergen nomenclature database to date...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872969/effects-of-peanut-shell-biochar-on-the-adsorption-of-cd-ii-by-paddy-soil
#20
Chao Xu, Dong Wen, Qihong Zhu, Hanhua Zhu, Yangzhu Zhang, Daoyou Huang
Soil from an experimental paddy field in southern China was incubated with peanut shell biochar to investigate effects of this additive on the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Cd(II) using batch methods. Incorporation of biochar increased adsorption of Cd(II) by the paddy soil at 20, 25, and 30°C; this trend was apparent both with increasing quantities of biochar and rising temperature. Incorporation of biochar primarily enhanced the non-electrostatic adsorption of Cd(II). In addition, supplementation with biochar decreased the adsorption rate of Cd(II), which decreased with increasing quantities of biochar...
November 21, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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