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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820734/characteristics-reasons-behavior-and-knowledge-towards-waterpipe-smoking-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Elluru Venkatesh, Mohammad Yousef Al Jemal, Abdullah Saleh Al Samani
Background The present scenario shows that waterpipe smoking, one of tobacco smoking methods, the practice off which dates back at least 400 year is appealing to the youth. Waterpipe tobacco smoking is frequently linked with nations of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) comprising Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon and Syria. The present study shows the socio-demographic characteristics, behavior and knowledge of youth towards waterpipe smoking. Recognizing these features may help emphasize intervention methods. Methods A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data about waterpipe smoking comprising sociodemographic, behavior, reasons and knowledge from 230 university students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800107/sequestration-effect-on-the-open-cyclic-switchable-property-of-warfarin-induced-by-cyclodextrin-time-resolved-fluorescence-study
#2
Naji Al-Dubaili, Na'il Saleh
The excited-state lifetimes of the anticoagulant drug warfarin (W) in water and in the absence and presence of methyl-β-cyclodextrins (Me-β-CD) were recorded using time-resolved fluorescence measurements. Selective excitation of the open and cyclic protonated isomers of W were acquired with laser emitting diodes (LED) producing 320 and 280 nm excitation pulses, respectively. Formation of the inclusion complex was checked by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and the values of binding constants (2.9 × 10³ M(-1) and 4...
August 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780006/conceptions-of-the-temporal-course-of-aesthetic-engagement-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748359/analysis-of-medication-errors-at-a-large-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Sheraz Ali, Nourah Ibrahim Aboheimed, Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Zaagi, Dalal Salem Al-Dossari
Background Medication errors (MEs) are common in health care settings and pose a threat for the hospitalized population. Therefore, aspects of MEs were explored in a tertiary setting serving a diverse population. Objective To examine the occurrence, severity and reporting of MEs in hospitalized patients. Methods This retrospective analysis included 10,683 ME report forms that were received by the Medication Safety Unit of King Saud Medical City (KSMC) in 2015. ME outcomes were determined according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCC MERP) Index for categorizing MEs algorithm...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718838/phyllanthus-niruri-standardized-extract-alleviates-the-progression-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-decreases-atherosclerotic-risk-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#5
Raghdaa Hamdan Al Zarzour, Mariam Ahmad, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Gurjeet Kaur, Mohammed Ali Ahmed Saeed, Majed Ahmed Al-Mansoub, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Nasiba Salisu Usman, Dhamraa W Al-Dulaimi, Mun Fei Yam
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the major global health issues, strongly correlated with insulin resistance, obesity and oxidative stress. The current study aimed to evaluate anti-NAFLD effects of three different extracts of Phyllanthus niruri (P. niruri). NAFLD was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats using a special high-fat diet (HFD). A 50% methanolic extract (50% ME) exhibited the highest inhibitory effect against NAFLD progression. It significantly reduced hepatomegaly (16%) and visceral fat weight (22%), decreased NAFLD score, prevented fibrosis, and reduced serum total cholesterol (TC) (48%), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (65%), free fatty acids (FFAs) (25%), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (45%), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (38%), insulin concentration (67%), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (73%), serum atherogenic ratios TC/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (29%), LDL/HDL (66%) and (TC-HDL)/HDL (64%), hepatic content of cholesterol (43%), triglyceride (29%) and malondialdehyde (MDA) (40%) compared to a non-treated HFD group...
July 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686869/modeling-the-glomerular-filtration-barrier-are-you-kidney-ing-me
#6
Paola Romagnani, Laura Lasagni
Podocyte depletion drives kidney disease and kidney failure progression, but podocyte complexity at the glomerular filtration barrier is difficult to model in vitro. In Nature Biomedical Engineering, Musah et al. (2017) developed a multifluidic device with iPS-derived podocytes mimicking a functional glomerular filtration barrier that elevates standards for modeling glomerular diseases.
July 6, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685120/synthesis-spectroscopic-characterization-and-thermogravimetric-analysis-of-two-series-of-substituted-metallo-tetraphenylporphyrins
#7
Rasha K Al-Shewiki, Carola Mende, Roy Buschbeck, Pablo F Siles, Oliver G Schmidt, Tobias Rüffer, Heinrich Lang
Subsequent treatment of H2TPP(CO2H)4 (tetra(p-carboxylic acid phenyl)porphyrin, 1) with an excess of oxalyl chloride and HNR2 afforded H2TPP(C(O)NR2)4 (R = Me, 2; iPr, 3) with yields exceeding 80%. The porphyrins 2 and 3 could be converted to the corresponding metalloporphyrins MTPP(C(O)NR2)4 (R = Me/iPr for M = Zn (2a, 3a); Cu (2b, 3b); Ni (2c, 3c); Co (2d, 3d)) by the addition of 3 equiv of anhydrous MCl2 (M = Zn, Cu, Ni, Co) to dimethylformamide solutions of 2 and 3 at elevated temperatures. Metalloporphyrins 2a-d and 3a-d were obtained in yields exceeding 60% and have been, as well as 2 and 3, characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) and IR and UV-vis spectroscopy...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671476/molecular-group-13-metallaborates-derived-from-m-o-m-cleavage-promoted-by-bh3
#8
Erandi Bernabé-Pablo, Vojtech Jancik, Diego Martínez-Otero, Joaquín Barroso-Flores, Mónica Moya-Cabrera
The reaction of metalloxanes [{(Me)LM(OH)}2(μ-O)] [M = Al (1), Ga (2); (Me)L = CH{CMe(NAr)}2(-), Ar = 2,4,6-Me3C6H2, Me = methyl] with an excess of BH3·D (D = tetrahydrofuran (THF), SMe2) affords annular metallaborate systems achieved through M-O-M cleavage. Compound 1 led exclusively to the formation of eight-membered ring systems [{(Me)LAl(μ-O){B(O(n)Bu)}(μ-O)}2] (3) and [{(Me)LAl(μ-O)(BH)(μ-O)}2] (6), while for 2 the unprecedented six-membered ring systems [{((Me)LGa)2(μ-O)}(μ-O)2{B(O(n)Bu)}] (4) and [((Me)LGa)(μ-O)2{(BO(n)Bu)2(μ-O)}] (5) were observed...
July 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648891/implications-of-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-art-perception-for-art-based-interventions-in-clinical-populations-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645699/the-forgotten-artist-why-to-consider-intentions-and-interaction-in-a-model-of-aesthetic-experience-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622986/top-down-and-bottom-up-front-to-back-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates-by
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608579/positive-behavioural-change-requires-clarity-objectivity-and-support
#12
S Cradock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602723/ugliness-as-the-fourth-wall-breaker-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates-by
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602721/adding-gestalt-to-the-picture-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates-by-matthew
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595850/learning-dynamics-by-theoretical-tools-of-game-theory-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578719/stress-sensitivity-in-paranoia-poor-me-paranoia-protects-against-the-unpleasant-effects-of-social-stress
#16
A Udachina, R P Bentall, F Varese, G Rowse
BACKGROUND: The attributional theory of paranoia suggests that paranoid beliefs may protect individuals from low self-esteem and distress (Bentall et al. 2001). The current study tested this theory by investigating a hypothesis that paranoid beliefs in combination with low perceived deservedness of persecution (poor-me beliefs) confer protection against the distress caused by social but not activity related stress. METHODS: Paranoid symptoms, perceived deservedness of persecution, self-esteem, mood, and stress levels of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (N = 91) and healthy controls (N = 52) were assessed in the context of daily life using the experience sampling method...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566231/representing-the-sublime-in-the-vimap-and-empirical-aesthetics-reviving-edmund-burke-s-a-philosophical-enquiry-into-the-origins-of-our-ideas-of-the-sublime-and-beautiful-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544664/to-reproduce-or-work-insect-castes-emerge-from-socially-induced-changes-in-nutrition-related-genes
#18
Amy L Toth
In social species, there is a fundamental trade-off between 'me' and 'we'; that is, should I reproduce, or should I work to help others to reproduce? In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Okada et al. () delve into the evolution and genetic mechanisms of this core question, focusing on social caste formation in insects. The authors take advantage of a unique ant in the genus Diacamma, which has secondarily lost the classic, highly different queens and workers found in many other ants, bees and wasps. Instead, Diacamma ant castes are decided via aggressive dominance interactions among adult females, similar to dominance hierarchies seen in primitively social insects and many social vertebrates...
June 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529777/crystal-structures-of-titanium-aluminium-and-gallium-complexes-bearing-two-%C3%AE-2-ch3-units
#19
Tim Oswald, Mira Diekmann, Annika Frey, Marc Schmidtmann, Rüdiger Beckhaus
The isotypic crystal structures of two titanocene complexes containing an EMe3 unit (E = Al, Ga; Me = meth-yl) with two μ2-coordinating methyl groups, namely [μ-1(η(5))-(adamantan-1-yl-2κC(1))cycylo-penta-dien-yl]di-μ2-methyl-methyl-2κC-[1(η(5))-penta-methyl-cyclo-penta-dien-yl]aluminiumtitanium(III), [AlTi(CH3)3(C10H15)(C15H18)], and [μ-1(η(5))-(adamantan-1-yl-2κC(1))cycylo-penta-dien-yl]di-μ2-methyl-methyl-2κC-[1(η(5))-penta-methyl-cyclo-penta-dien-yl]galliumtitanium(III), [GaTi(CH3)3(C10H15)(C15H18)], are reported...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528962/which-brain-networks-related-to-art-perception-are-we-talking-about-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and
#20
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