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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318840/-application-of-remote-sensing-and-gis-in-study-of-suitability-distribution-of-swertia-mussotii-a-tibetan-medicine-in-sichuan-province
#1
Yong-Bo Dong, Yao Luo, Cong Zhu, Wen-Fu Peng, Xin-Liang Xu, Qing-Mao Fang
Swertia mussotii is a kind of rare medicinal materials, the relevant researches are mainly concentrated on its medicinal efficacy and medicinal value till now, researches of adaptive distribution by applying remote sensing and GIS are relatively less. This study is to analyze the adaptive distribution of S.mussotii in Sichuan province by applying remote sensing and GIS technology, and provide scientific basis for the protection and development of wild resources, artificial cultivation and adjustment of Chinese medicine industrial distribution in Sichuan province...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318839/-research-on-suitable-distribution-of-paris-yunnanensis-based-on-remote-sensing-and-gis
#2
Yao Luo, Yong-Bo Dong, Cong Zhu, Wen-Fu Peng, Qing-Mao Fang, Xin-Liang Xu
Paris yunnanensis is a kind of rare medicinal herb, having a very high medicinal value. Studying its suitable ecological condition can provide a basis for its rational exploitation, artificial cultivation, and sustainable utilization. A practicable method in this paper has been proposed to research the suitable regional distribution of P. yunnanensis in Sichuan province. By the case study of P. yunnanensis in Sichuan province, and according to related literatures, the suitable ecological condition of P. yunnanensis such as altitude, mean annual temperature (MAT), annual precipitation, regional slope, slope ranges, vegetative cover, and soil types was analyzed following remote sensing (RS) and GIS...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318836/-study-of-extracting-peucedanum-praeruptorum-planted-area-in-ningguo-of-anhui-province-based-on-multi-source-and-multi-phase-image
#3
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Ke Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318835/-study-on-extraction-method-of-panax-notoginseng-plots-in-wenshan-of-yunnan-province-based-on-decision-tree-model
#4
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
The herbs used as the material for traditional Chinese medicine are always planted in the mountainous area where the natural environment is suitable. As the mountain terrain is complex and the distribution of planting plots is scattered, the traditional survey method is difficult to obtain accurate planting area. It is of great significance to provide decision support for the conservation and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources by studying the method of extraction of Chinese herbal medicine planting area based on remote sensing and realizing the dynamic monitoring and reserve estimation of Chinese herbal medicines...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318820/-detection-and-analysis-of-effect-of-geographical-environmental-factors-on-spatial-distribution-of-artemisinic-acid-in-artemisia-annua
#5
Ting-Ting Shi, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing, Lu-Qi Huang
Dao-di herbs are preferred by long-term clinical application of Chinese medicine, they are produced in a specific area and affected by the specific production and processing methods. Dao-di herbs have a high reputation, compared with other regions produced by the same kind of herbs with good quality, good efficacy and stable quality characteristics. Geo-herbal is a unique concept that has been formed by the history of Chinese civilization for thousands of years and the history of Chinese medicine. According to the definition of geo-herbal, it can be seen that there are some differences in the quality and efficacy of the same kind of medicinal herbs in different regions, and there is some similarity in the specific area...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318817/-application-of-image-recognition-technology-in-census-of-national-traditional-chinese-medicine-resources
#6
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao-Guang Ge, Yan Jin, Ting-Ting Shi, Hui Wang, Meng Li, Zhi-Xian Jing, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
With the development of computer and image processing technology, image recognition technology has been applied to the national medicine resources census work at all stages.Among them: ①In the preparatory work, in order to establish a unified library of traditional Chinese medicine resources, using text recognition technology based on paper materials, be the assistant in the digitalization of various categories related to Chinese medicine resources; to determine the representative area and plots of the survey from each census team, based on the satellite remote sensing image and vegetation map and other basic data, using remote sensing image classification and other technical methods to assist in determining the key investigation area...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302193/management-of-trauma-pain-in-the-emergency-setting-low-dose-methoxyflurane-or-nitrous-oxide-a-systematic-review-and-indirect-treatment-comparison
#8
REVIEW
Keith M Porter, Mohd Kashif Siddiqui, Ikksheta Sharma, Sara Dickerson, Alice Eberhardt
Background: Low-dose methoxyflurane and nitrous oxide (N2O; 50:50 with oxygen) are both self-administered, self-titrated, rapid-acting, nonnarcotic, and noninvasive inhalational agents with similar onset times of pain relief. The aim of this review was to compare the clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of these analgesics in emergency care. Materials and methods: A systematic literature search and review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines were performed using Embase, Medline, the Cochrane Library, several clinical trial registers, and emergency-medicine conference material...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300454/in-situ-caging-of-biomolecules-in-graphene-hybrids-for-light-modulated-bioactivity
#9
Gong Cheng, Xiaohui Han, Si-Jie Hao, Merisa Nisic, Si-Yang Zheng
Remote and noninvasive modulation of protein activity is essential for applications in biotechnology and medicine. Optical control has emerged as the most attractive approach owing to its high spatial and temporal resolutions; however, it is challenging to engineer light responsive proteins. In this work, a near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive graphene-silica-trypsin (GST) nanoreactor is developed for modulating the bioactivity of trypsin molecules. Biomolecules are spatially confined and protected in the rationally designed compartment architecture, which not only reduces the possible interference but also boosts the bioreaction efficiency...
January 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298917/point-of-care-ultrasound-a-trend-in-health-care
#10
Anita M Buerger, Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To discuss the current and growing use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound in the management and care of patients. METHODS: Several electronic research databases were searched to find articles that emphasized the use of POC ultrasound by health care providers who manage and treat critically ill or injured patients. Thirty-five relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were selected for this literature review. RESULTS: Common themes identified in the literature included the use of POC ultrasound in emergency medicine, military medicine, and remote care; comparison of POC ultrasound to other medical imaging modalities; investigation of the education and training required for nonimaging health care professionals who perform POC ultrasound in their practices; and discussion of the financial implications and limitations of POC ultrasound...
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291035/the-potential-use-of-physical-resilience-to-predict-healthy-aging
#11
REVIEW
Anna Schorr, Christy Carter, Warren Ladiges
Physical resilience is the ability of an organism to respond to stressors that acutely disrupt normal physiological homeostasis. By definition, resilience decreases with increasing age, while frailty, defined as a decline in tissue function, increases with increasing age. Assessment of resilience could therefore be an informative early paradigm to predict healthy aging compared to frailty, which measures late life dysfunction. Parameters for resilience in the laboratory mouse are not yet well defined, and no single standardized stress test exists...
2018: Pathobiology of Aging & Age related Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#12
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285401/multifunctional-stimuli-responsive-polymer-gated-iron-and-gold-embedded-silica-nano-golf-balls-nanoshuttles-for-targeted-on-demand-theranostics
#13
Liping Wang, Grace Jang, Deependra Kumar Ban, Vrinda Sant, Jay Seth, Sami Kazmi, Nirav Patel, Qingqing Yang, Joon Lee, Woraphong Janetanakit, Shanshan Wang, Brian P Head, Gennadi Glinsky, Ratneshwar Lal
Multi-functional nanoshuttles for remotely targeted and on-demand delivery of therapeutic molecules and imaging to defined tissues and organs hold great potentials in personalized medicine, including precise early diagnosis, efficient prevention and therapy without toxicity. Yet, in spite of 25 years of research, there are still no such shuttles available. To this end, we have designed magnetic and gold nanoparticles (NP)-embedded silica nanoshuttles (MGNSs) with nanopores on their surface. Fluorescently labeled Doxorubicin (DOX), a cancer drug, was loaded in the MGNSs as a payload...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242996/personalized%C3%A2-health-monitoring%C3%A2-system-for-managing-well-being-in-rural-areas
#14
Prema Nedungadi, Akshay Jayakumar, Raghu Raman
Rural India lacks easy access to health practitioners and medical centers, depending instead on community health workers. In these areas, common ailments that are easy to manage with medicines, often lead to medical escalations and even fatalities due to lack of awareness and delayed diagnosis. The introduction of wearable health devices has made it easier to monitor health conditions and to connect doctors and patients in urban areas. However, existing initiatives have not succeeded in providing adequate health monitoring to rural and low-literate patients, as current methods are expensive, require consistent connectivity and expect literate users...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241373/agreement-between-the-point-of-care-tests-for-microalbuminuria-and-hba1c-performed-in-mexican-family-medicine-units-and-the-results-of-standard-laboratory-tests
#15
Leticia A Valdez-González, Araceli Méndez-Padrón, Rita A Gómez-Díaz, Adán Valladares-Salgado, Martha Catalina Sánchez-Becerra, Rafael Mondragón-González, Jaime Hernández-Rubí, Arturo González-Hermosillo, Miguel Cruz, Víctor Borja, Niels H Wacher
The albumin-creatinine ratio is considered an indicator of microalbuminuria, precursor to chronic kidney disease, while HbA1c is used to measure glycemic control. Given the prevalence of diabetes-related nephropathy, spot testing of albumin has long been recommended as a preventative measure, for the timely detection of microalbuminuria. However, many countries do not have this testing available in primary care, and sometimes not even in second- and third-level care. The objective of this study was to compare agreement of the microalbuminuria and HbA1c results obtained in the laboratory with 'gold standard' techniques, with those obtained on site with a 'Point of Care' DCA Vantage™ device by Siemens...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237400/accuracy-of-acute-burns-diagnosis-made-using-smartphones-and-tablets-a-questionnaire-based-study-among-medical-experts
#16
Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg, Lucie Laflamme
BACKGROUND: Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on images viewed on a computer screen, but whether image-based analysis by experts using handheld devices is accurate remains to be determined. METHOD: A review of patient data from eight emergency centres in the Western Cape, South Africa, revealed 10 typical cases of burns commonly seen in children and adults...
December 13, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214596/preparing-for-the-future-of-rare-diseases
#17
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Members of the rare disease community have devoted significant financial and personnel resources to address the numerous issues surrounding rare diseases. The past has been devoted to developing an emphasis on rare diseases including an emphasis on research studies or locating information on rare diseases and the requirements and limitations of conducting clinical trials with small patient populations. The expanded role of patient advocacy organizations and patient engagement in all aspects of clinical research continues to gain acceptance within the research community...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214155/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-technology-based-approach-for-preventing-excess-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-among-women-with-overweight
#18
Ariana M Chao, Sindhu K Srinivas, Stacia K Studt, Lisa K Diewald, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison
Objective: Overweight/obesity and excess weight gain during pregnancy are associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Few interventions have been effective in limiting gestational weight gain among women with overweight or obesity. This pilot, randomized clinical trial compared treatment as usual (TAU) to a lifestyle modification program delivered via phone for the prevention of excess gestational weight gain in women who had overweight or obesity. Methods: Participants included 41 pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 (mean age = 28...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201608/toward-bioelectronic-medicine-neuromodulation-of-small-peripheral-nerves-using-flexible-neural-clip
#19
Sanghoon Lee, Wendy Yen Xian Peh, Jiahui Wang, Fengyuan Yang, John S Ho, Nitish V Thakor, Shih-Cheng Yen, Chengkuo Lee
Neural modulation technology and the capability to affect organ function have spawned the new field of bioelectronic medicine. Therapeutic interventions depend on wireless bioelectronic neural interfaces that can conformally and easily attach to small (few hundred micrometers) nerves located deep in the body without neural damage. Besides size, factors like flexibility and compliance to attach and adapt to visceral nerves associated moving organs are of paramount importance and have not been previously addressed...
November 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169287/point-of-care-testing-poct-and-evidence-based-laboratory-medicine-eblm-does-it-leverage-any-advantage-in-clinical-decision-making
#20
Christopher Florkowski, Andrew Don-Wauchope, Nuria Gimenez, Karina Rodriguez-Capote, Julien Wils, Annalise Zemlin
Point-of-care testing (POCT) is the analysis of patient specimens outside the clinical laboratory, near or at the site of patient care, usually performed by clinical staff without laboratory training, although it also encompasses patient self-monitoring. It is able to provide a rapid result near the patient and which can be acted upon immediately. The key driver is the concept that clinical decision making may be delayed when samples are sent to the clinical laboratory. Balanced against this are considerations of increased costs for purchase and maintenance of equipment, staff training, connectivity to the laboratory information system (LIS), quality control (QC) and external quality assurance (EQA) procedures, all required for accreditation under ISO 22870...
November 23, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
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