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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541383/the-technology-crisis-in-neuropsychology
#1
Justin B Miller, William B Barr
Neuropsychology has fallen reliant on outdated and labor intensive methods of data collection that are slow, highly inefficient, and expensive, and provide relatively data-poor estimates of human behavior despite rapid technological advance in most other fields of medicine. Here we present a brief historical overview of current testing practices in an effort to frame the current crisis, followed by an overview of different settings in which technology can and should be integrated. Potential benefits of laboratory based assessments, remote assessments, as well as passive and high-frequency data collection tools rooted in technology are discussed, along with several relevant examples and how these technologies might be deployed...
May 24, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537495/remotely-guided-breast-sonography-for-long-term-space-missions-a-case-report-and-discussion
#2
Jackelynne P Silva-Martinez, Andreia Sorice Genaro, Hui Annie Wen, Naama Glauber, Thais Russomano
BACKGROUND: Space radiation can cause different types of cancers in crewmembers, especially during long-term space missions. INTRODUCTION: To date, a complete bilateral breast ultrasound has not been performed at the International Space Station (ISS). A breast screening imaging technique could be a useful tool for early identification of breast cancer in astronauts. We hypothesized that breast ultrasound performed by a crewmember while being remotely guided by a specialist from the ground could be an essential tool for medical diagnosis in space...
May 24, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532072/new-bioactive-bone-like-microspheres-with-intrinsic-magnetic-properties-obtained-by-bio-inspired-mineralisation-process
#3
Tatiana Marisa Fernandes Patrício, Silvia Panseri, Monica Sandri, Anna Tampieri, Simone Sprio
A bio-inspired mineralisation process was investigated and applied to develop novel hybrid magnetic materials by heterogeneous nucleation of Fe(2+)/Fe(3+)-doped hydroxyapatite nanocrystals onto a biopolymeric matrix made of a Type I collagen-based recombinant peptide (RCP). The effect of the synthesis temperature on the phase composition, crystallinity and magnetic properties of the nucleated inorganic phase was studied. The as-obtained magnetic materials were then engineered, by using a water-in-oil emulsification process, into hybrid magnetic microspheres, which were stabilized by de-hydrothermal treatment yielding cross-linking of the macromolecular matrix...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516485/simultaneous-measurement-of-t2-and-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-t2-adc-in-the-heart-with-motion-compensated-spin-echo-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#4
Eric Aliotta, Kévin Moulin, Zhaohuan Zhang, Daniel B Ennis
PURPOSE: To evaluate a technique for simultaneous quantitative T2 and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping in the heart (T2 +ADC) using spin echo (SE) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). THEORY AND METHODS: T2 maps from T2 +ADC were compared with single-echo SE in phantoms and with T2 -prepared (T2 -prep) balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) in healthy volunteers. ADC maps from T2 +ADC were compared with conventional DWI in phantoms and in vivo. T2 +ADC was also demonstrated in a patient with acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
May 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493924/cognitive-function-in-multiple-sclerosis-improves-with-telerehabilitation-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Leigh E Charvet, Jie Yang, Michael T Shaw, Kathleen Sherman, Lamia Haider, Jianjin Xu, Lauren B Krupp
Cognitive impairment affects more than half of all individuals living with multiple sclerosis (MS). We hypothesized that training at home with an adaptive online cognitive training program would have greater cognitive benefit than ordinary computer games in cognitively-impaired adults with MS. This was a double-blind, randomized, active-placebo-controlled trial. Participants with MS were recruited through Stony Brook Medicine and randomly assigned to either the adaptive cognitive remediation (ACR) program or active control of ordinary computer games for 60 hours over 12 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486407/identification-of-chinese-herbal-medicines-with-electronic-nose-technology-applications-and-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Huaying Zhou, Dehan Luo, Hamid GholamHosseini, Zhong Li, Jiafeng He
This paper provides a review of the most recent works in machine olfaction as applied to the identification of Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs). Due to the wide variety of CHMs, the complexity of growing sources and the diverse specifications of herb components, the quality control of CHMs is a challenging issue. Much research has demonstrated that an electronic nose (E-nose) as an advanced machine olfaction system, can overcome this challenge through identification of the complex odors of CHMs. E-nose technology, with better usability, high sensitivity, real-time detection and non-destructive features has shown better performance in comparison with other analytical techniques such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
May 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485821/the-role-of-telehealth-in-perioperative-medicine-for-regional-and-rural-patients-in-queensland
#7
Alec Tam, Amy Leung, Cara O'Callaghan, Narelle Fagermo
BACKGROUND: Australians living in regional, rural, and remote areas face a myriad of complexities resulting in a trend to poorer health outcomes. Telehealth is being utilised as an alternative mode of service delivery to overcome such barriers. However, there is limited published information concerning the use of telehealth in perioperative medicine. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to review the performance of the telehealth pre-operative assessment service at Mater Hospital Brisbane to determine last-minute cancellation rates secondary to medical reasons...
May 9, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468576/a-targeted-rural-postgraduate-education-programme-linking-rural-doctors-across-new-zealand-and-into-the-pacific
#8
Katharina Blattner, Garry Nixon, Marc Gutenstein, Emma Davey
This article describes the University of Otago Rural Postgraduate medical programme, established in 2002 to provide a targeted rural education option for medical practitioners working in rural and remote areas of New Zealand. With both faculty and participants dispersed throughout New Zealand and the Cook Islands embedded in day to day rural clinical practice, this programme uniquely reflects the national and international clinical networks it has been developed to support. It now provides the academic component of two vocational training programmes: the New Zealand Rural Hospital Medicine Training Programme and The Cook Islands General Practice Training Programme...
May 4, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466547/tele-pharmacy-in-rural-scotland-a-proof-of-concept-study
#9
Jackie Inch, Frances Notman, Margaret Watson, David Green, Robert Baird, James Ferguson, Caroline Hind, Brian McKinstry, Alison Strath, Christine Bond
INTRODUCTION: Technology enables medical services to be provided to rural communities. This proof of concept study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of delivering community pharmacy services (CPS; including advice, sale of over-the-counter products and dispensing of prescriptions) by tele-technology (the Telepharmacy Robotic Supply Service (TPRSS)) to a rural population in Scotland. METHODS: Data collection included the following: postal surveys to local residents; focus groups/ interviews with pharmacists, other healthcare professionals (HCPs) and service users, at baseline and follow-up; TPRSS logs...
June 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463722/transnationalism-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-use-of-transnationalism-in-the-study-of-the-health-practices-and-behaviors-of-migrants
#10
REVIEW
Laura Villa-Torres, Tonatiuh González-Vázquez, Paul J Fleming, Edgar Leonel González-González, César Infante-Xibille, Rebecca Chavez, Clare Barrington
Transnationalism explores social, economic and political processes that occur beyond national borders and has been widely used in migration studies. We conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants' health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants. We identified 26 empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included a transnational perspective to study migrants' health practices and behaviors...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460775/tele-echocardiography-made-for-astronauts-now-in-hospitals
#11
REVIEW
M Balasingam, J Ebrahim, I A Ariffin
Telemedicine, ie 'the delivery of healthcare and sharing of medical knowledge using telecommunication systems' has penetrated every field of medicine. As a result, tele-echocardiography, the study of the heart via telemedicine started expanding. Ironically, space became the next frontier for mankind's new innovations and technology pursuit. However, the microgravity environment of space is known to be challenging to astronauts hearts. As such, new tele-echocardiography techniques have evolved. The main aim was to research a system that can be operated by a layperson but still be able to provide high yield diagnostic information in real time to specialists on earth...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459902/it-all-just-clicks-development-of-an-inpatient-e-consult-program
#12
Nader Najafi, James D Harrison, Jonathan Duong, Anya Greenberg, Hugo Quinny Cheng
Although the use of electronic consultations (e-consults) in the outpatient setting is commonplace, there is little evidence of their use in the inpatient setting. Often, the only choice hospitalists have is between requesting a time-consuming in-person consultation or requesting an informal, undocumented "curbside" consultation. For a new, remote hospital in our healthcare system, we developed an e-consult protocol that can be used to address simple consultation questions. In the first year of the program, 143 e-consults occurred; the top 5 consultants were infectious disease, hematology, endocrinology, nephrology, and cardiology...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435672/tele-medicine-in-respiratory-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Nicolino Ambrosino, Dewi Nurul Makhabah, Yusup Subagio Sutanto
Information and Communication Technologies applied to health care and advances in sensor and data transmission technology allowed tele-medicine based programs of care also for patients with respiratory diseases. Different sensors, transmission devices and interventions are used in tele-medicine for some indications. Patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, asthma, neuromuscular diseases, ventilator assisted individuals and those undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation programs may benefit from this approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#14
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417092/revival-modernization-and-integration-of-indian-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-clinical-practice-importance-challenges-and-future
#15
REVIEW
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411938/medicolegal-issues-in-expedition-and-wilderness-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Valerie A Dobiesz, William Sullivan
There is increased participation in wilderness expeditions to remote and austere environments, which increases the likelihood of an accident and/or medical emergency and the professional liability risks for trip organizers. Trip organizers, outfitters, tour guides, and health care providers must understand the medicolegal liabilities involved in and the legal protection and immunity available when rendering care in austere and challenging settings to mitigate risks and prepare for the level of medical care that may be required...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411404/patients-use-of-and-attitudes-towards-self-medication-in-rural-and-remote-slovenian-family-medicine-practices-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#17
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Danijela Mitrovic
INTRODUCTION: Self-medication is very common in the general population, but its prevalence can differ according to the place of residence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication in patients attending rural and remote family physicians, and to detect the important factors that are associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre study was performed in 24 rural and remote family medicine practices in Slovenia was performed...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407352/copper-catalyzed-aminothiolation-of-1-3-dienes-via-a-dihydrothiazine-intermediate
#18
Christopher E Sleet, Uttam K Tambar
Heteroatom-containing organic molecules are of particular interest to medicinal chemists and materials scientists. A strategy to reach these architectures via direct difunctionalization of abundant 1,3-dienes is especially attractive. Herein, we describe the development of a regio- and diastereoselective 1,4-aminothiolation of 1,3-dienes with a sulfur diimide reagent, a copper catalyst, and alkyl Grignard reagents. This unique protocol provides remote nitrogen and sulfur functionalities with high levels of stereocontrol...
May 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403911/predomos-study-impact-of-a-social-intervention-program-for-socially-isolated-elderly-cancer-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Elodie Crétel-Durand, Emilie Nouguerède, Hervé Le Caer, Frédérique Rousseau, Frédérique Retornaz, Olivier Guillem, Anne-Laure Couderc, Laurent Greillier, Emmanuelle Norguet, Maud Cécile, Rabia Boulahssass, Francoise Le Caer, Sandrine Tournier, Chantal Butaud, Pierre Guillet, Sophie Nahon, Laure Poudens, Sylvie Kirscher, Sandrine Loubière, Nadine Diaz, Jean Dhorne, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck
BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence and social isolation increase along with advanced age, and social isolation potentiates the relative risk of death by cancer. Once spotted, social isolation can be averted with the intervention of a multidisciplinary team. Techniques of automation and remote assistance have already demonstrated their positive impact on falls prevention and quality of life (QoL), though little is known about their impact on socially isolated elderly patients supported for cancer...
April 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401682/guideline-based-intervention-to-reduce-telemetry-rates-in-a-large-tertiary-centre
#20
Satish Ramkumar, Edward H Tsoi, Ajay Raghunath, Floyd F Dias, Christopher Li Wai Suen, Andrew H Tsoi, Darren R Mansfield
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate cardiac telemetry use is associated with reduced patient flow and increased health care costs. AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of guideline-based application of cardiac telemetry. METHODS: Phase I involved a prospective audit(03-09/2011) of telemetry use at a tertiary hospital. Data was collected on indication for telemetry and clinical outcomes. Phase II prospectively included patients > 18yrs under general medicine requiring ward based telemetry...
April 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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