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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230389/from-classicism-and-idealism-to-scientific-naturalism-titchener-s-oxford-years-and-their-impact-upon-his-early-intellectual-development
#1
Saulo de Freitas Araujo, Cintia Fernandes Marcellos
Edward Titchener (1867-1927) is one of the most prominent figures in the history of American psychology from the early 20th century. Accordingly, his psychological system-structuralism-has received due attention in the secondary literature. However, a closer look at traditional interpretations of the development of Titchener's ideas reveals a series of missing elements, such as his early studies before going to Leipzig. The central goal of this article is to present the main elements of Titchener's intellectual education in Oxford, thereby showing the influence of the British tradition of the 19th century upon his early intellectual development...
February 23, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229347/the-role-of-questioning-environment-personality-traits-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-tinnitus-severity-perception
#2
Robertas Strumila, Aistė Lengvenytė, Vija Vainutienė, Eugenijus Lesinskas
Psychological factors have been described as important for tinnitus severity, but attempts to incorporate them in one picture are sparse. This study investigated to what extent traits (personality), states (depressive and anxiety symptoms), sociodemographic factors and questioning environment influence tinnitus severity perception and how they interplay. Data were obtained from 212 subjects in a survey that was undertaken in 2016 at Vilnius University hospital and via internet. Measures included the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Big Five Personality Dimensions Scale and sociodemographic questions...
February 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229083/what-patients-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-their-partners-think-a-live-educative-survey-in-the-netherlands-and-germany
#3
Mirjam J G van Manen, Michael Kreuter, Bernt van den Blink, Ute Oltmanns, Karin Palmowski, Eva Brunnemer, Simone Hummler, Nelleke C Tak, Leon van den Toorn, Jelle Miedema, Henk C Hoogsteden, Marlies S Wijsenbeek
Pulmonary fibrosis greatly impacts patients and their partners. Unmet needs of patients are increasingly acknowledged; the needs of partners often remain unnoticed. Little is known about the best way to educate patients and partners. We investigated pulmonary fibrosis patients' and partners' perspectives and preferences in care, and the differences in these between the Netherlands and Germany. Additionally, we evaluated whether interactive interviewing could be a novel education method in this population. Patients and partners were interviewed during pulmonary fibrosis patient information meetings...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#4
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228453/impaired-health-status-psychological-distress-and-personality-in-women-and-men-with-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-sex-and-gender-differences-the-twist-tweesteden-mild-stenosis-study
#5
Paula M C Mommersteeg, Lindy Arts, Wobbe Zijlstra, Jos W Widdershoven, Wilbert Aarnoudse, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD; wall irregularities, stenosis <60%), and women with NOCAD in particular, remain underinvestigated. We examined sex and gender (S&G) differences in health status, psychological distress, and personality between patients with NOCAD and the general population, as well as S&G differences within the NOCAD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 523 patients with NOCAD (61±9 years, 52% women) were included via coronary angiography and computed tomography as part of the TWIST (Tweesteden Mild Stenosis) study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#6
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#7
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224368/generalized-fiducial-inference-for-logistic-graded-response-models
#8
Yang Liu, Jan Hannig
Samejima's graded response model (GRM) has gained popularity in the analyses of ordinal response data in psychological, educational, and health-related assessment. Obtaining high-quality point and interval estimates for GRM parameters attracts a great deal of attention in the literature. In the current work, we derive generalized fiducial inference (GFI) for a family of multidimensional graded response model, implement a Gibbs sampler to perform fiducial estimation, and compare its finite-sample performance with several commonly used likelihood-based and Bayesian approaches via three simulation studies...
February 21, 2017: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#9
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221078/edward-shapiro-1951-2016
#10
Patricia Manz, George DuPaul
Presents an obituary for Edward Shapiro who passed away on March 23, 2016. Ed was a highly accomplished researcher and trainer who was a strong advocate for rigorous scholarship and quality psychological practice. His death was a great loss to the field of school psychology and to everyone who serves children with educational and behavioral disabilities. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221072/reflections-on-quagmires-for-clinicians-and-coaches-comment-on-gebhardt-2016
#11
Anthony M Grant
Professional coaching can be considered an example of a postprofessional discipline-a discipline that transcends the traditional boundaries between professional clinical psychology and business consulting and coaching. Not surprisingly, a number of potential quagmires in relation to ethical, educational, and credentialing issues have arisen. However, such tensions present an opportunity to build more solid foundations for the delivery of professional coaching services. A way forward is to more broadly engage with university-level theoretically grounded, coaching-specific educational programs...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221069/whatever-happened-to-the-human-experience-in-undergraduate-psychology-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#12
Oksana Yakushko, Derek Hook
This comment addresses the omission of a series of critical reflections in recent discussions of undergraduate education in psychology. The lack of a stronger focus on human meaning and experience, on social context, on methodological diversity, and on social critique limits the critical horizons of undergraduate psychology education. Many perspectives are routinely excluded from undergraduate psychology curricula and associated guidelines, particularly psychoanalytic theories, human science approaches, and related critical standpoints...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221068/why-wasn-t-prevention-included-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#13
Elaine Clanton Harpine
In the February/March 2016 special issue, articles by Gurung et al. (2016) and Norcross et al. (2016) called for change in undergraduate education; however, the special issue failed to include prevention. This comment shows that undergraduate education should include a specialization in prevention, focusing on prevention groups. This could offer a new 4-year career path in psychology, expanding psychology student job opportunities. Prevention groups include health prevention, school-based prevention, violence and anger prevention, and bullying prevention...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#14
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220951/varieties-of-social-experience-the-religious-cultural-context-of-diverse-spiritual-exemplars
#15
Pamela Ebstyne King, Mona M Abo-Zena, Jonathan D Weber
From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220581/effect-of-organizational-features-on-patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-italian-multiple-sclerosis-centres
#16
K Mattarozzi, E Baldin, C Zenesini, A Solari, M P Amato, M Leone, G Mancardi, V Martinelli, G Savettieri, C Solaro, M R Tola, R D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Receiving clear, complete and up-to-date information and having a satisfying relationship with the health professional (HP) are of primary importance for MS patients. Healthcare organization plays a key role in promoting an effective relationship and communication between patients and HPs. The present study aims to explore which care organization and service characteristics provided by Italian MS centres best predict patients' satisfaction with healthcare. METHODS: Eighty-one centres and 707 patients (502 women, mean age 40...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220214/the-epidemiology-of-alcohol-use-in-izmir-turkey-drinking-pattern-impairment-and-help-seeking
#17
Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Umut Kırlı, Hayriye Elbi, Köksal Alptekin
PURPOSE: There is no report on various patterns of alcohol drinking and related impairment, help-seeking in Turkey. We investigated the 12-month prevalence and correlates of drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in the general population of Izmir-Turkey, with further analyses on role impairment and help-seeking. METHOD: A multi-stage clustered area probability sample of adult household residents in the Izmir Metropolitan Area was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219878/features-of-a-mobile-support-app-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-literature-review-and-current-applications
#18
Drishty D Sobnath, Nada Philip, Reem Kayyali, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Barbara Pierscionek, Anouk W Vaes, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious long-term lung disease in which the airflow from the lungs is progressively reduced. By 2030, COPD will become the third cause of mortality and seventh cause of morbidity worldwide. With advances in technology and mobile communications, significant progress in the mobile health (mHealth) sector has been recently observed. Mobile phones with app capabilities (smartphones) are now considered as potential media for the self-management of certain types of diseases such as asthma, cancer, COPD, or cardiovascular diseases...
February 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219334/assessing-the-predictive-power-of-psychological-empowerment-and-health-literacy-for-older-patients-participation-in-health-care-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#19
Gabriele Sak, Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Research has confirmed a positive link between patient involvement in decision-making and improvements in health outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the roles of psychological empowerment and health literacy on the elderly's willingness to engage in treatment decisions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a randomly selected sample of Swiss adults aged 65-80 years old (N = 826). Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the contribution of health literacy, psychological empowerment, and trust in physician on participants' preference to be active, collaborative or passive in decision-making...
February 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219113/personality-coping-and-social-support-as-predictors-of-long-term-quality-of-life-trajectories-in-older-breast-cancer-survivors-calgb-protocol-369901-alliance
#20
Estrella Durá-Ferrandis, Jeanne S Mandelblatt, Jonathan Clapp, George Luta, Leigh Anne Faul, Gretchen Kimmick, Harvey J Cohen, Rachel L Yung, Arti Hurria
OBJECTIVE: To determine long-term quality-of-life (QoL) trajectories among breast cancer survivors aged 65+ ("older") evaluating the effects of personality and social support. METHODS: Older women (N = 1280) newly diagnosed with invasive, non-metastatic breast cancer completed baseline assessments. Follow-up data were collected 6 and 12 months later and then annually for up to 7 years (median 4.5 years). QoL was assessed using EORTC-QLQC30 emotional, physical, and cognitive scales...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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