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Educational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433064/resilience
#1
Gail Hornor
Every child is a unique individual. This individuality is evident in children exposed to psychosocial trauma or adverse childhood experiences. There exists wide variation in the way children respond to toxic stressors in their lives. Some children appear to be relatively unaffected, while others develop a variety of psychological, behavioral, and physical consequences. What is the explanation for this phenomenon? Resiliency has been suggested to explain this variation in pathology expressions in trauma-exposed children...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432577/implicit-reasons-for-disclosure-of-the-use-of-complementary-health-approaches-cha-a-consumer-commitment-perspective
#2
Fuschia M Sirois, Helene Riess, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Disclosure of the use of complementary health approaches (CHA) is an important yet understudied health behavior with important implications for patient care. Yet research into disclosure of CHA has been atheoretical and neglected the role of health beliefs. PURPOSE: Using a consumer commitment model of CHA use as a guiding conceptual framework, the current study tests the hypotheses that perceived positive CHA outcomes (utilitarian values) and positive CHA beliefs (symbolic values) are associated with disclosure of CHA to conventional care providers in a nationally representative US sample...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432088/gps-and-paediatric-oncology-palliative-care-a-q-methodological-study
#3
Sue Neilson, Faith Gibson, Stephen Jeffares, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study set in the West Midlands region of the UK demonstrates the effectiveness of Q methodology in examining general practitioners' (GPs') perception of their role in children's oncology palliative care. METHODS: Using data obtained from the analysis of semistructured interviews with GPs who had cared for a child receiving palliative care at home and bereaved parents, 50 statements were identified as representative of the analysis findings...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431526/recognition-of-depression-by-primary-care-clinicians-in-rural-ethiopia
#4
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the critical step in the path to effective care, particularly in low income countries. As part of the Programme for Improving Mental healthcare (PRIME), a project supporting the implementation of integrated mental healthcare in primary care, we evaluated the level of recognition of depression by clinicians working in primary care in rural Ethiopia prior to in service training...
April 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#5
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#6
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427439/prevalence-and-prognostic-implications-of-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Gun Min Kim, Seung Jun Kim, Su Kyung Song, Hye Ryun Kim, Beo Deul Kang, Sung Hoon Noh, Hyun Cheol Chung, Kyung Ran Kim, Sun Young Rha
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of psychological distress in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The study population included 229 gastric cancer patients visiting Yonsei Cancer Center between November 2009 and March 2011. The distress was measured by available tools including the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426999/emotional-intelligence-and-affective-events-in-nurse-education-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Gillian M Lewis, Christine Neville, Neal M Ashkanasy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of knowledge about emotional intelligence and affective events that arise during nursing students' clinical placement experiences. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, ERIC and APAIS-Health databases published in English between 1990 and 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Data extraction from and constant comparative analysis of ten (10) research articles...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425891/teaching-psychology-in-medicine-the-context-methodologies-and-doctor-s-professional-identity
#9
REVIEW
Silvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: Teaching Psychology in medical curriculum has been the subject of numerous dissertations that focus on the relevance of this knowledge for doctors, at a general level. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature, particularly from the last decade, as well as national and international recommendations addressing the need for integration of behavioural and social sciences in medical training, was performed. RESULTS: The literature supports the existence of preconceptions and negative attitudes towards the role of psychology in medical education, demonstrated by research in various european and american universities...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425614/stigmatization-and-self-determination-of-preregistration-nurses-a-path-analysis
#10
Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Chris Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The concept of stigma and the stigmatizing behaviours of health-care professionals can have a profound influence on people with mental illness. A key construct that has been identified as influencing our behaviours is self-determination. As such, in the present study, we attempted to examine the connection and influence of motivational measures on the stigmatization of preregistration nurses. Data were collected once using three surveys that measured the motivational responses and stigmatizing behaviours of preregistration nurses after an approved mental health clinical placement...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#11
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423138/intimate-partner-violence-and-maternal-educational-practice
#12
Josianne Maria Mattos da Silva, Marília de Carvalho Lima, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the association between intimate partner violence against women and maternal educational practice directed to children at the beginning of formal education. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, with 631 mother/child pairs, registered in the Family Health Strategy of the Health District II of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It integrates a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the consequences of exposure to intimate partner violence in relation to the child who was born between 2005 and 2006...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423136/violence-against-women-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#13
Franciele Marabotti Costa Leite, Maria Helena Costa Amorim, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Denise Petrucci Gigante
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with psychological, physical and sexual violence in women victims of intimate partner violence assisted in the primary care services. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in 26 health units in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, from March to September 2014. We interviewed 991 women aged 20-59 years. To classify the psychological, physical and sexual violence, the World Health Organization instrument on violence against women was used and a questionnaire to investigate the sociodemographic, behavioral characteristics, and the women's family and life history was developed...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422894/impact-of-telephone-based-problem-solving-treatment-on-the-use-of-medical-and-psychological-services-in-the-military
#14
John S Richardson, Jesse R Fann, Kathleen R Bell, Nancy Temkin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of problem-solving treatment (PST) for mild traumatic brain injury in active duty service members on the use of medical and psychological services. PARTICIPANTS: Service members who had a mild traumatic brain injury during their last deployment and enrolled in the CONcussion Treatment After Combat Trauma (CONTACT) study. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. Participants were assigned to telephone-based PST, or e-mailed or mailed education only over the course of 6 months...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422704/influencing-factors-on-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-in-young-people-an-ecological-perspective
#15
Hoda Arabi-Mianrood, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Elham Khoori, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
Background In recent years, high-risk sexual behaviors due to their negative consequences both for the individual and society have received more attention than other high-risk behaviors. Objective The aim of this study was to review the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviors among young people from an ecological point of view. Methods This review was conducted through searching databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library with keywords such as sexual risk-taking behavior, high-risk sex, unprotected sex and unsafe sex...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421011/practical-consequences-of-item-response-theory-model-misfit-in-the-context-of-test-equating-with-mixed-format-test-data
#16
Yue Zhao, Ronald K Hambleton
In item response theory (IRT) models, assessing model-data fit is an essential step in IRT calibration. While no general agreement has ever been reached on the best methods or approaches to use for detecting misfit, perhaps the more important comment based upon the research findings is that rarely does the research evaluate IRT misfit by focusing on the practical consequences of misfit. The study investigated the practical consequences of IRT model misfit in examining the equating performance and the classification of examinees into performance categories in a simulation study that mimics a typical large-scale statewide assessment program with mixed-format test data...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420297/the-social-trajectory-of-brain-tumor-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#17
Lee Cubis, Tamara Ownsworth, Mark B Pinkham, Suzanne Chambers
PURPOSE: Research indicates that strong social ties can buffer the adverse effects of chronic illness on psychological well-being. Brain tumor typically leads to serious functional impairments that affect relationships and reduce social participation. This metasynthesis aimed to identify, appraise and integrate the findings of qualitative studies that reveal the impact of brain tumor on social networks. METHODS: Four major databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO) were systematically searched from inception to September 2016 for qualitative studies that reported findings on the impact of primary brain tumor on social networks during adulthood...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418449/association-of-a-communication-training-program-with-use-of-antipsychotics-in-nursing-homes
#18
Jennifer Tjia, Jacob N Hunnicutt, Laurie Herndon, Carolyn R Blanks, Kate L Lapane, Susan Wehry
Importance: Off-label antipsychotic prescribing in nursing homes (NHs) is common and is associated with increased risk of mortality in older adults. Prior large-scale, controlled trials in the NH setting failed to show meaningful reductions in antipsychotic use. Objective: To quantify the influence of a large-scale communication training program on NH antipsychotic use called OASIS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a quasi-experimental longitudinal study of NHs in Massachusetts enrolled in the OASIS intervention...
April 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417685/independent-socio-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-associated-with-the-perception-of-quality-of-life-of-women-with-postpartum-depressionin-north-central-nigeria
#19
Friday Tungchama, Christopher Piwuna, Aishatu Armiya'u, Yusufu Maigari, Francis Davou, Suwa Goar, Musa Umar, Suleiman Sadiq, Emmanuel Ojih, Richard Uwakwe
OBJECTIVE: Quality of life (QoL) is probably the most desired outcome of all health care policies and monitoring. This concept is seldom used on women in the postpartum, especially in the developing world. AIM: This study aimed at determining the independent socio-clinical variables associated with the perception of QoL of women with postpartum depression. METHODS: A two-stage cross-sectional procedure was used to recruit 550 participants, out of whom 531 participants completed the questionnaires with 116 participants found to have postpartum depression and were the studied population, in Nigeria...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#20
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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