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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110300/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diet
#1
REVIEW
Piero Portincasa, Leonilde Bonfrate, Ornella de Bari, Anthony Lembo, Sarah Ballou
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal diseases. The impact of IBS on the general population is large due to its high prevalence, suboptimal medical treatments and significant economic burden. The pathophysiology of IBS is complex and treatments are often symptom-specific. The most common therapeutic approaches for IBS include education and reassurance, lifestyles (especially nutrition-based interventions), peripherally acting medications (which typically target motility), centrally acting medications (which target visceral hypersensitivity and pain) and psychological interventions (which aim to reduce the effects of stress or symptom-specific anxiety)...
January 20, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#2
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#3
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103892/prehospital-intravenous-fentanyl-to-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-observational-cohort-study-of-risk-factors-for-analgesic-non-treatment
#4
Kristian D Friesgaard, Erika F Christensen, Hans Kirkegaard, Mette D Bendtsen, Flemming B Jensen, Lone Nikolajsen
BACKGROUND: Patients with proximal femoral neck fracture have a high short-term mortality, a high risk of postoperative complications, and impaired quality of life. One of the challenges related to the prehospital treatment of these patients is to administer systemic opioids fast and properly. Effective analgesic prehospital treatment ought be initiated rapidly in order to alleviate the stress that follows acute pain, to facilitate transportation, and to improve quality of care. The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of prehospital administration of intravenous fentanyl to patients with proximal femoral neck fracture in the ambulances and to assess risk factors for analgesic non-treatment...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102580/the-sliding-context-of-health-the-challenges-faced-by-patients-with-heart-failure-from-the-perspective-of-patients-health-care-providers-and-family-members
#5
Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Esmat Nouhi, Majid Kazemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to understand the challenges faced by patients with heart failure. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a clinical syndrome that is increasing across the globe. People affected with it, encounter various problems that reduce their quality of life and well-being. Therefore, identifying the challenges faced by patients with heart failure is necessary for health care and treatment plans. DESIGN: This study was performed using the qualitative research approach and content analysis method...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102116/the-role-of-participant-responsiveness-on-a-socio-emotional-learning-program
#6
Nádia Salgado Pereira, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
The present study set out to evaluate participant responsiveness, one of the main dimensions of implementation quality, in a Socio-Emotional Learning after-school program using Educational Dance activities, Experiencing Emotions, and also to understand its influence on program outcomes. The sample involved 98 middle-school Portuguese pupils, 53 of whom participated in the program and 45 in after-school control sessions. Outcome measures included pre-test and post-test questionnaires of pupils' socio-emotional skills, well-being and school engagement...
January 19, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101728/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-biobehavioral-treatment-for-cancer-patients
#7
Marlena M Ryba, Brittany M Brothers, Barbara L Andersen
One aim of dissemination and implementation (DI) research is to study the translation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) from the research environments of their development and testing to broader communities where they are needed. There are few behavioral medicine DI studies and none in cancer survivorship. A determinant model (Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability (STEPS)) was used to conceptualize DI of mental health treatment and frame a longitudinal study of implementation of a behavioral medicine EBT-a biobehavioral intervention (BBI) for cancer patients...
January 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101558/do-pain-characteristics-guide-selection-for-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation
#8
Paul Enthoven, Peter Molander, Birgitta Öberg, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Gunilla Stenberg, Björn Gerdle
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether self-reported pain measures are associated with selection for multimodal or multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MMR) and whether this selection is influenced by sex. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1,226 women and 464 men with chronic pain conditions from 2 university hospitals. METHODS: Drawing from the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation (SQRP), data on pain, psychological symptoms, function, health, and activity/participation were collected...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#9
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100122/using-the-self-determination-theory-to-understand-chinese-adolescent-leisure-time-physical-activity
#10
Lijuan Wang
PURPOSES: This study applies the self-determination theory (SDT) to test the hypothesized relationships among perceived autonomy support from parents, physical education (PE) teachers, and peers, the fulfilment of psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness), autonomous motivation, and leisure-time physical activity of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: There are 255 grade six to eight student participants from four middle schools around Shanghai, China included in this study...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#11
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098853/does-human-resource-primacy-moderate-the-impact-of-psychological-distress-on-subsequent-risk-for-disability-retirement
#12
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
Objective Human resource primacy (HRP) refers to employees' perceptions of how the organization shows interests in its employees' welfare, happiness, and health. The aims of this study were to determine whether (i) perceptions of HRP are related to the risk for disability retirement and (ii) HRP moderates the impact of psychological distress on later risk for disability retirement. Methods The study relied on a combination of self-report survey questionnaire data on HRP and psychological distress supplemented with official register data on disability benefits from the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration...
January 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097174/uncertainty-the-overbearing-lived-experience-of-the-elderly-people-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-qualitative-study
#13
Robab Sahaf, Ehteram Sadat Ilali, Hamid Peyrovi, Ahmad Ali Akbari Kamrani, Fatemeh Spahbodi
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease is a major health concern. The number of the elderly people with chronic renal failure has increased across the world. Dialysis is an appropriate therapy for the elderly, but it involves certain challenges. The present paper reports uncertainty as part of the elderly experiences of living with hemodialysis. METHODS: This qualitative study applied Max van Manen interpretative phenomenological analysis to explain and explore experiences of the elderly with hemodialysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#14
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095938/effect-of-the-patient-to-patient-communication-model-on-dysphagia-caused-by-total-laryngectomy
#16
L Tian, R An, J Zhang, Y Sun, R Zhao, M Liu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of a patient-to-patient communication model on dysphagia in laryngeal cancer patients after total laryngectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who had undergone total laryngectomy were randomly divided into three groups: a routine communication group, a patient communication group (that received the patient-to-patient communication model) and a physician communication group. Questionnaires were used to compare quality of life and swallowing problems among all patient groups...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#17
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093847/quality-of-life-and-clinical-correlates-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community-and-in-nursing-homes-in-macao
#18
Kenny C F Kuok, Lu Li, Yu-Tao Xiang, Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Linda Tran, Li-Rong Meng
AIM: There have been no previous studies of quality of life (QOL) in older adults in Macao. This study aimed to examine QOL in relation to the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adults aged ≥50 years in Macao. METHODS: A sample of 451 subjects (203 living in the community, 248 living in nursing homes) was interviewed using standardized instruments. Basic sociodemographic and clinical data including QOL were collected. RESULT: There were no significant differences between the community and nursing home groups in any of the QOL domains...
January 17, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#19
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#20
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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