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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283792/weight-loss-strategies-in-combat-sports-and-concerning-habits-in-mixed-martial-arts
#1
Oliver R Barley, Dale W Chapman, Chris R Abbiss
PURPOSE: Combat sports are typically divided into weight classes and body mass manipulation to reach a weight class is commonplace. Previous research suggests that mixed martial arts (MMA) weight loss practices may be more extreme than other combat sports. We sought to investigate the magnitude of weight lost and prevalence of weight loss strategies in different combat sports. METHODS: Competitors (n=637) from Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), boxing, judo, MMA, muay Thai/kickboxing (MT/K), taekwondo (TKD) and wrestling completed an online questionnaire seeking information regarding their weight loss practices...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275863/sauna-use-plus-heat-acclimation-accelerates-heat-adaptation-in-females
#2
EDITORIAL
Gordon S Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229091/frequent-sauna-bathing-may-reduce-the-risk-of-pneumonia-in-middle-aged-caucasian-men-the-kihd-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Setor K Kunutsor, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Jari A Laukkanen
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests sauna bathing to be linked with numerous health benefits. Having frequent sauna baths has been found to be associated with reduced risk of acute and chronic disease conditions. Sauna bathing may reduce the risk of respiratory diseases; however, the evidence is uncertain. We aimed to assess the association of frequency of sauna bathing with risk of pneumonia. METHODS: Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed by administration of questionnaires in a prospective cohort of 2210 men aged 42-61 years...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190784/hiv-transmission-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-in-a-high-risk-msm-population-a-simulation-study-of-location-based-selection-of-sexual-partners
#4
Olivier Robineau, Annie Velter, Francis Barin, Pierre-Yves Boelle
OBJECTIVE: In France, indications for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention are based on individual-level risk factors for HIV infection. However, the risk of HIV infection may also depend on characteristics of sexual partnerships. Here we study how place-based selection of partners change transmission and the overall efficiency of PrEP. METHODS: We used the PREVAGAY survey of sexual behavior and HIV serostatus in men who have sex with men (MSM) in a Parisian district to look for associations between sexual network characteristics and HIV infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188579/sauna-bathing-health-and-quality-of-life-among-octogenarian-men-the-helsinki-businessmen-study
#5
Timo E Strandberg, Arto Strandberg, Kaisu Pitkälä, Athanase Benetos
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sauna-type bathing has increased worldwide, and it has been related to both harmful and beneficial effects. There are few studies of bathing in sauna in very old age. METHODS: The series consists of 524 mostly home-living survivors of the Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS, mean age 86 years, range 80-95), who in 2015 responded to a questionnaire survey about lifestyle (including sauna bathing), prevalent diseases, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL, RAND-36)...
November 29, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160085/some-like-it-hot-cardiovascular-health-benefits-of-finnish-sauna
#6
Jean-Paul Schmid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127535/predictors-of-hiv-testing-and-their-influence-on-prep-acceptance-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Tsz Ho Kwan, Shui Shan Lee
HIV testing is the gateway to biomedical means of prevention and treatment. Identifying predictors of HIV testing is important to inform future preventive interventions. Of 444 men who have sex with men without known HIV infection enrolled in a study in Hong Kong, 64% had ever been HIV-tested. Testers were generally older, better educated, had a higher monthly income, and more likely self-identified as gay. Testers often used Internet and frequented saunas for sex networking, compared with non-testers attending bars, massage centres and public toilets...
November 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119924/deaths-in-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-united-kingdom-communities-associated-with-ghb-and-precursors
#8
John M Corkery, Barbara Loi, Hugh Claridge, Christine Goodair, Fabrizio Schifano
Background Misuse of gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and its prodrugs gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol (1,4-BD) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, particularly amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in recreational and sexual settings, e.g. 'chemsex'. Objective and method This paper presents an overview of GHB pharmacotoxicology and provides analyses of cases in the LGBT population associated with use of these substances extracted from the UK's National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database, to which notification is voluntary...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114529/rehabilitation-training-in-artificially-heated-environment
#9
Ping-Chung Leung
Sauna has become a popular club house facility where the dweller enjoys relaxation. Some exercise groups like yoga and Qigong practitioners, are making use of the heated environment to achieve quicker and better results of trainings. Sauna therapy is producing a thermal stress through hyperthermia. The cardiovascular system readily responds by increasing the heart rate which can become double the resting stage within minutes and cardiac output may have a 70% increase. The body's surface response to heat leads to a 40% of decrease in peripheral vascular resistance, thus allowing rapid peripheral blood flow which is responsible for greater heat dispersal directly from the skin...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048215/sauna-exposure-leads-to-improved-arterial-compliance-findings-from-a-non-randomised-experimental-study
#10
Earric Lee, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Setor K Kunutsor, Hassan Khan, Peter Willeit, Francesco Zaccardi, Jari A Laukkanen
Background Heat therapy has been suggested to improve cardiovascular function. However, the effects of hot sauna exposure on arterial compliance and the dynamics of blood flow and pressure have not been well documented. Thus, we investigated the short-term effects of sauna bathing on arterial stiffness and haemodynamics. Design The design was an experimental non-randomised study. Methods There were 102 asymptomatic participants (mean age, 51.9 years) who had at least one cardiovascular risk factor. Participants were exposed to a single sauna session (duration: 30 min; temperature: 73℃; humidity: 10-20%)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979654/the-burden-of-illness-of-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea-and-papulopustular-rosacea-findings-from-a-web-based-survey
#11
James Q Del Rosso, Emil A Tanghetti, Hilary E Baldwin, David A Rodriguez, Ilia L Ferrusi
Objective: Evaluate patients' perceptions of rosacea symptoms and treatments. Design: Cross-sectional, web-based survey conducted from May 8 to July 1,2015. Setting: E-mail invitation. Participants: Male and female adults in the United States who self-reported having a physician's diagnosis of rosacea. Measurements: Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were collected for eligible respondents using the Self-Assessment of Rosacea Facial Redness scale and the Symptom Assessment for Rosacea Facial Bumps and Pimples questionnaire...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978590/liver-transplantation-for-non-exertional-heat-stroke-related-acute-liver-failure
#12
Sandra Coenen, Khe Tran, Jubi de Haan, Rob de Man
Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition characterised by hyperthermia leading to multiple organ dysfunction. Acute liver failure is a rare and potentially fatal consequence of heat stroke. Management of heat stroke is mainly supportive but liver transplantation can be considered as the treatment of acute liver failure in heat stroke. However, literature on liver transplantation as a treatment for acute liver failure in heat stroke is scarce. Until now, no cases of liver transplantation for acute liver failure in non-exertional heat stroke have been reported...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972808/joint-associations-of-sauna-bathing-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-risk-a-long-term-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Setor K Kunutsor, Hassan Khan, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Jari A Laukkanen
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the joint impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and frequency of sauna bathing (FSB) on the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: CRF measured by respiratory gas analyses and sauna exposure were assessed at baseline in a prospective study of 2277 men. CRF was categorized as low and high (median cut-offs) and FSB as low and high (≤2 and 3-7 sessions/week, respectively). RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 26...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904851/body-related-perspectives-and-weight-control-methods-of-korean-chinese-nursing-school-students-in-yanbian-china-a-pilot-study
#14
Jounghee Lee, Meixiang Jin, Heejung Son, Wenying Cui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying the current nutrition knowledge, body-related perspectives, and weight control behaviors of Korean-Chinese college students. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study by employing a healthy weight education program targeting Korean-Chinese nursing school students at the Yanbian University of Science and Technology in Yanbian, China. RESULTS: This pilot study included 40 participants (38 women and 2 men; mean age, 20...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872677/immunogenicity-assessment-during-the-development-of-protein-therapeutics
#15
REVIEW
Amy S Rosenberg, Zuben E Sauna
OBJECTIVE: Here we provide a critical review of the state of the art with respect to non-clinical assessments of immunogenicity for therapeutic proteins. KEY FINDINGS: The number of studies on immunogenicity published annually has more than doubled in the last 5 years. The science and technology, which have reached a critical mass, provide multiple of non-clinical approaches (computational, in vitro, ex vivo and animal models) to first predict and then to modify or eliminate T-cell or B-cell epitopes via de-immunization strategies...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842615/a-model-of-exposure-to-extreme-environmental-heat-uncovers-the-human-transcriptome-to-heat-stress
#16
Abderrezak Bouchama, Mohammad Azhar Aziz, Saeed Al Mahri, Musa Nur Gabere, Meshan Al Dlamy, Sameer Mohammad, Mashael Al Abbad, Mohamed Hussein
The molecular mechanisms by which individuals subjected to environmental heat stress either recover or develop heat-related complications are not well understood. We analysed the changes in blood mononuclear gene expression patterns in human volunteers exposed to extreme heat in a sauna (temperature of 75.7 ± 0.86 °C). Our analysis reveals that expression changes occur rapidly with no significant increase in core temperature and continue to amplify one hour after the end of heat stress. The reprogramed transcriptome was predominantly inhibitory, as more than two-thirds of the expressed genes were suppressed...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748097/multiple-organ-dysfunction-due-to-heatstroke-after-sauna-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Yan Zhuang, Lin-Feng Dai, Ren-Zheng Diao
Heatstroke usually occurs in summer during heat waves, and few cases occur in winter. We report the case of a 26-year-old man who went through multiple organ dysfunction after sauna in January, and finally was diagnosed as heatstroke.
July 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739443/sauna-exposure-immediately-prior-to-short-term-heat-acclimation-accelerates-phenotypic-adaptation-in-females
#18
Jessica A Mee, Sophie Peters, Jonathan H Doust, Neil S Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: Investigate whether a sauna exposure prior to short-term heat acclimation (HA) accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. DESIGN: Randomised, repeated measures, cross-over trial. METHODS: Nine females performed two 5-d HA interventions (controlled hyperthermia Tre≥38.5°C), separated by 7-wk, during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle confirmed by plasma concentrations of 17-β estradiol and progesterone. Prior to each 90-min HA session participants sat for 20-min in either a temperate environment (20°C, 40% RH; HAtemp) wearing shorts and sports bra or a hot environment (50°C, 30% RH) wearing a sauna suit to replicate sauna conditions (HAsauna)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692389/evaluation-of-the-components-of-the-north-carolina-syndromic-surveillance-system-heat-syndrome-case-definition
#19
Laurel Harduar Morano, Anna E Waller
OBJECTIVES: To improve heat-related illness surveillance, we evaluated and refined North Carolina's heat syndrome case definition. METHODS: We analyzed North Carolina emergency department (ED) visits during 2012-2014. We evaluated the current heat syndrome case definition (ie, keywords in chief complaint/triage notes or International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ ICD-9-CM] codes) and additional heat-related inclusion and exclusion keywords...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668284/is-there-a-role-for-diaphoresis-therapy-for-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#20
REVIEW
Norio Hanafusa, Bereket Tessema Lodebo, Anuja Shah, Joel D Kopple
Diaphoresis therapy to remove water and solutes for the treatment of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic dialysis patients is an inadequately characterized treatment that was first reported over 50 years ago. Intensive diaphoresis, induced by heat treatment with saunas (dry heat) or hot baths (wet heat), can substantially increase cutaneous losses of water, urea, sodium, potassium, chloride, lactate, and possibly other solutes. How effectively diaphoresis therapy might remove many uremic toxins is not known...
September 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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