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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055168/long-term-safety-of-growth-hormone-a-combined-registry-analysis
#1
Kirstine Stochholm, Wieland Kiess
OBJECTIVES: Preliminary data from the French cohort of the Safety and Appropriateness of Growth hormone treatments in Europe (SAGhE) study raised concerns regarding the safety of recombinant human GH, suggesting that GH may increase mortality and incidence of stroke in patients treated during childhood for GH deficiency or short stature. We evaluated published safety data, focusing on mortality, neoplasms, cerebrovascular events and diabetes across a number of large-scale pharmaceutical company GH registries...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055156/type-2-diabetes-remission-2-years-post-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-the-role-of-the-weight-loss-and-comparison-of-diarem-and-diabetter-scores
#2
A Pucci, U Tymoszuk, W H Cheung, J M Makaronidis, S Scholes, G Tharakan, M Elkalaawy, M Guimaraes, M Nora, M Hashemi, A Jenkinson, M Adamo, M Monteiro, N Finer, R L Batterham
AIMS: The comparative efficacy of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy on Type 2 diabetes remission and the role of weight loss are unclear. The DiaRem Type 2 diabetes remission prediction score uses HbA1c , age and Type 2 diabetes medications but not Type 2 diabetes duration. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of the DiaRem score with the DiaBetter score that includes Type 2 diabetes duration, upon combined (complete plus partial) 2-year post-surgery Type 2 diabetes remission in people following RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy, and to investigate the relationship between weight loss and Type 2 diabetes remission...
October 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055144/increased-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-bullous-pemphigoid-patients-during-the-last-decade
#3
Luca Fania, Giovanni Di Zenzo, Biagio Didona, Maria Antonietta Pilla, Luciano Sobrino, Annarita Panebianco, Cinzia Mazzanti, Damiano Abeni
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease. The association between BP and diabetes mellitus (DM) has been previously reported with inconsistent results(1-4) . Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-IV inhibitors, approved in Europe by EMA in 2007 to treat type-2 DM, are antihyperglycemic drugs that could induce BP disease(5-9) . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055139/exploratory-study-of-impact-of-cancer-related-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-on-diabetes-self-management-among-cancer-survivors
#4
Janey James, Yael T Harris, Ian M Kronish, Juan P Wisnivesky, Jenny J Lin
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be triggered by a diagnosis of a potentially life-threatening illness such as cancer. Little is known about the impact of cancer-related PTSS symptoms on self-management behaviors for comorbid chronic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We recruited patients with DM and a recent diagnosis of early-stage cancer from two medical centers in New York City. Cancer-related PTSS were assessed using the Impact of Events scale (IES, score ≥26)...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055125/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-related-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-rs10738760-and-rs6921438-are-not-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-dr-in-slovenian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm
#5
Rifet Terzić, Ines Cilenšek, Ruda Zorc Pleskovič, Sara Mankoč, Aleksandra Milutinović
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes characterized by vascular permeability, increased tissue ischemia, and angiogenesis. One of the most important proteins involved in angiogenesis is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, also known as VEGFA). A previous study demonstrated that two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs6921438 and rs10738760, account for nearly half the variation in circulating VEGF levels. The aim of our study was to assess the association between rs6921438 and rs10738760 and DR in Slovenian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
October 20, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055098/the-safety-of-the-batteries-and-power-units-used-in-insulin-pumps-a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-by-the-association-for-the-study-of-innovative-diabetes-treatment-in-japan
#6
Takashi Murata, Shinsuke Nirengi, Naoki Sakane, Akio Kuroda, Yushi Hirota, Munehide Matsuhisa, Mitsuyoshi Namba, Tetsuro Kobayashi
AIMS / INTRODUCTION: We investigated the safety of the batteries and power units used in insulin pumps in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was sent to the 201 members of the Association for Innovative Diabetes Treatment in Japan (ASINDTJ). RESULTS: Fifty-six members responded, and among the 1,499 active devices, 66 had episodes of trouble related to the batteries and power units. The ratio of reported troubles to the number of insulin pumps was significantly higher in insulin pumps with CGM sensor compared to insulin pumps without CGM sensor (Odds ratio 2...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055090/performance-of-nontraditional-hyperglycemia-biomarkers-by-chronic-kidney-disease-status-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#7
Molly Jung, Bethany Warren, Morgan Grams, Yuenting Diana Kwong, Tariq Shafi, Josef Coresh, Casey M Rebholz, Elizabeth Selvin
BACKGROUND: In persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) may be a problematic measure of glycemic control. Glycated albumin and fructosamine have been proposed as better markers of hyperglycemia in CKD. We investigated associations of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine with fasting glucose by CKD categories. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1,665 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants with diagnosed diabetes aged 65 years or older...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055004/stat4-regulates-the-cd8-regulatory-t-cell-t-follicular-helper-cell-axis-and-promotes-atherogenesis-in-insulin-resistant-ldlr-mice
#8
Parésa L Taghavie-Moghadam, Tayab C Waseem, Julian Hattler, Lindsey M Glenn, Anca D Dobrian, Mark H Kaplan, Yi Yang, Roza Nurieva, Jerry L Nadler, Elena V Galkina
The metabolic syndrome and diabetic conditions support atherosclerosis, but the exact mechanisms for accelerated atherogenesis remain unclear. Although the proinflammatory role of STAT4 in atherosclerosis and diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) was recently established, the impact of STAT4 on atherogenesis in conditions of IR is not known. In this study, we generated Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice that were fed a diabetogenic diet with added cholesterol (DDC). DDC-fed Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice demonstrated improved glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and a 36% reduction in atherosclerosis compared with Ldlr(-/-) controls...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055002/transient-baff-blockade-inhibits-type-1-diabetes-development-in-nonobese-diabetic-mice-by-enriching-immunoregulatory-b-lymphocytes-sensitive-to-deletion-by-anti-cd20-cotherapy
#9
Qiming Wang, Jeremy J Racine, Jeremy J Ratiu, Shu Wang, Rachel Ettinger, Clive Wasserfall, Mark A Atkinson, David V Serreze
In NOD mice and also likely humans, B lymphocytes play an important role as APC-expanding autoreactive T cell responses ultimately causing type 1 diabetes (T1D). Currently, humans at high future T1D risk can only be identified at late prodromal stages of disease indicated by markers such as insulin autoantibodies. When commenced in already insulin autoantibody(+) NOD mice, continuous BAFFR-Fc treatment alone or in combination with anti-CD20 (designated combo therapy) inhibited T1D development. Despite eliciting broader B lymphocyte depletion, continuous combo therapy afforded no greater T1D protection than did BAFFR-Fc alone...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054976/regulation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptors-by-ubiquilin1
#10
Zimple Kurlawala, Rain Dunaway, Parag P Shah, Julie A Gosney, Leah J Siskind, Brian P Ceresa, Levi J Beverly
Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that mediates growth, proliferation and survival. Dysregulation of IGF pathway contributes to initiation, progression and metastasis of cancer and is also involved in diseases of glucose metabolism, such as Diabetes. We have identified Ubiquilin1 (UBQLN1) as a novel interaction partner of IGF1R, IGF2R and Insulin Receptor. UBQLN family of proteins have been studied primarily in the context of protein quality control and in the field of neurodegenerative disorders...
October 20, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054969/%C3%AE-mangostin-protects-against-high-glucose-induced-apoptosis-of-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#11
Yanli Luo, Minxiang Lei
Diabetic vascular complications result from high glucose -induced vascular endothelial cell dysfunction. There is an emerging need for novel drugs with vascular endothelial cell -protective effects for the treatment of diabetic vascular complications. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of α-mangostin against high-glucose-induced apoptosis of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were treated with glucose to induce apoptosis. The expression of the apoptosis-related proteins, Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3, were detected by Western blotting...
October 20, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054959/honeycomb-and-necklace-signs-in-liver-abscesses-secondary-to-melioidosis
#12
Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Mina Mustafa Mahmood Alemam, Nor Aniza Zakaria, Nur Azidawati Abdul Halim
Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and tropical Australia with varying clinical features from benign skin lesions to fatal septicaemia. Imaging plays an important role in evaluation of the melioid liver abscesses. A 45-year-old man with underlying diabetes presented with fever and lethargy for 2 weeks and abdominal pain for 2 days. His liver was enlarged on examination. Blood investigations revealed mild leucocytosis and raised liver enzymes. Ultrasound showed multiple multiloculated hypoechoic lesions throughout the liver and spleen...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054925/platelet-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-the-correlation-with-human-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Li Wang, Qiang Wu, Zhijia Fan, Rufeng Xie, Zhicheng Wang, Yuan Lu
The platelet is considered as an accessible and valuable tool to study mitochondrial function, owing to its greater content of fully functional mitochondria compared with other metabolically active organelles. Different lines of studies have demonstrated that mitochondria in platelets have function far more than thrombogenesis regulation, and beyond hemostasis, platelet mitochondrial dysfunction has also been used for studying mitochondrial-related diseases. In this review, the interplay between platelet mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, mitochondrial DNA lesions, electron transfer chain impairments, mitochondrial apoptosis and mitophagy has been outlined...
October 20, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054847/burden-of-proof-when-is-kidney-disease-attributable-to-diabetes
#14
EDITORIAL
Pierre-Jean Saulnier, Robert G Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054846/diabetes-and-ckd-in-the-united-states-population-2009-2014
#15
Leila R Zelnick, Noel S Weiss, Bryan R Kestenbaum, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Patrick J Heagerty, Katherine Tuttle, Yoshio N Hall, Irl B Hirsch, Ian H de Boer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is an important cause of CKD. However, among people with diabetes, it is unclear to what extent CKD is attributable to diabetes itself versus comorbid conditions, such as advanced age and hypertension. We examined associations of diabetes with clinical manifestations of CKD independent of age and BP and the extent to which diabetes contributes to the overall prevalence of CKD in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 15,675 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2009 to 2014...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#16
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054738/impact-of-body-constitution-on-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Eva Ekström, Daniel Ansari, Caroline Williamsson, Roland Andersson, Bobby Tingstedt, Linus Aronsson, Johan Nilsson, Bodil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Overweight, defined by body mass index (BMI), is correlated to complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body constitution, measured with different anthropometric measures, and diabetes on complications following PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent PD between 2000 and 2015 at Skåne University Hospital were retrospectively included. Body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA) and body fat percentage (BF%) were calculated...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054696/effects-of-articaine-on-3-h-noradrenaline-release-from-cortical-and-spinal-cord-slices-prepared-from-normal-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-and-compared-to-lidocaine
#18
D Végh, A Somogyi, D Bányai, M Lakatos, M Balogh, M Al-Khrasani, S Fürst, E S Vizi, P Hermann
Since a significant proportion of diabetic patients have clinical or subclinical neuropathy, there may be concerns about the use of local anaesthetics. The present study was designed to determine and compare the effects of articaine, a widely used anaesthetic in dental practice, and lidocaine on the resting and axonal stimulation-evoked release of [(3)H]noradrenaline ([(3)H]NA) in prefrontal cortex slices and the release of [(3)H]NA in spinal cord slices prepared from non-diabetic and streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic (glucose level=22...
October 17, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054577/annular-plaque-of-beads-distribution-in-the-trunk-of-an-elderly-patient-associated-with-poorly-controlled-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Francisco José Navarro Triviño, Lucía González-Ruiz, Valeriano Garrido-Torres-Puchol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054569/cause-specific-mortality-in-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-using-metformin-or-other-types-of-antidiabetic-medication
#20
R Arima, A Hautakoski, M Marttila, M Arffman, R Sund, P Ilanne-Parikka, J Kangaskokko, M Hinkula, U Puistola, E Läärä
AIM: To obtain further evidence of the association between metformin or other types of antidiabetic medication (ADM) and mortality from endometrial cancer (EC) and other causes of death in patients with endometrioid EC and type 2 diabetes (T2D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort of women with existing T2D and diagnosed with endometrioid EC from 1998 to 2011, obtained from a nationwide diabetes database (FinDM), were included in the study. Cumulative mortality from EC and that from other causes was described by using the Aalen-Johansen estimator...
October 17, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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