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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#1
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656210/micheliolide-alleviates-hepatic-steatosis-in-db-db-mice-by-inhibiting-inflammation-and-promoting-autophagy-via-ppar-%C3%AE-mediated-nf-%C3%B0%C2%BAb-and-ampk-mtor-signaling
#2
Juan Zhong, Wangqiu Gong, Jing Chen, Yao Qing, Shuyue Wu, Hongbei Li, Chunxi Huang, Yihua Chen, Yuxian Wang, Zhaozhong Xu, Wenting Liu, HongYu Li, Haibo Long
The anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer effects of micheliolide (MCL) isolated from Michelia champaca were previously reported, but its role and underlying mechanisms in relieving liver steatosis remain unclear. Herein, we investigated the effects of MCL on hepatic steatosis using a db/db mouse model and lipid mixture (LM)-induced AML12 and LO2 cells. The body and liver weights, food consumption, lipid content and liver aminotransferase levels in serum, the lipid content and inflammatory cytokine levels in liver tissue, and the extent of hepatic steatosis in db/db mice were increased compared with those in db/m mice, and these increases were reversed by MCL treatment...
April 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656023/impact-on-dietary-choices-after-discount-supermarket-opens-in-low-income-community
#3
Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts, Qiang Wu, Jared T McGuirt, Patricia A Sharpe, Ann P Rafferty
OBJECTIVE: To examine (1) the association of a new supermarket opening with dietary intake and perceptions of healthy food availability, and (2) associations of distance to the primary food store and mean prices of fruits, vegetables, and sugary beverages with levels of consumption of these foods and body mass index in a low-income, southeastern community. METHODS: The researchers used cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire data and supermarket audit data collected in the supermarket community and comparison community before (2015) and after (2016) the supermarket opening...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655924/quantifying-household-waste-of-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-in-the-eu
#4
Valeria De Laurentiis, Sara Corrado, Serenella Sala
According to national studies conducted in EU countries, fresh fruit and vegetables contribute to almost 50% of the food waste generated by households. This study presents an estimation of this waste flow, differentiating between unavoidable and avoidable waste. The calculation of these two flows serves different purposes. The first (21.1 kg per person per year) provides a measure of the amount of household waste intrinsically linked to the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables, and which would still be generated even in a zero-avoidable waste future scenario...
April 11, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655856/acute-and-subchronic-toxicities-in-dogs-and-genotoxicity-of-honokiol-microemulsion
#5
Xiujun Qin, Jingjing Yin, Wei Zhang, Jianguo Li, Jianhua Wen, Shizhong Chen
This article aims to conduct toxicity test research on honokiol microemulsion(HM) to provide reference frame for the safe dose design as well as the toxic and adverse reaction monitoring in clinic. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was adopted to determine the concentration, stability and uniformity of HM and the results indicated that the test sample was conformed to the toxicity test requirements. In the acute toxicity test, six intravenous drip dosages, namely, 100.0, 66.7, 44.4, 19.8, 8...
April 12, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655776/association-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-in-an-italian-case-control-study
#6
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Martina Taborelli, Antonella Zucchetto, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Jerry Polesel
OBJECTIVES: The components of a diet can modulate inflammation and may have an effect on the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). Little is known about the inflammatory potential of diet in relation to HL. METHODS: Data from an Italian multicenter case-control study that was conducted between 1992 and 2008 were used to estimate the relation between a dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) and the risk of HL. The data included 179 cases with incident, histologically confirmed HL and 186 control cases who were hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655598/individual-differences-in-the-energizing-effects-of-caffeine-on-effort-based-decision-making-tests-in-rats
#7
Noemí SanMiguel, Marta Pardo, Carla Carratalá-Ros, Laura López-Cruz, John D Salamone, Mercè Correa
Motivated behavior is characterized by activation and high work output. Nucleus accumbens (Nacb) modulates behavioral activation and effort-based decision-making. Caffeine is widely consumed because of its energizing properties. This methylxanthine is a non-selective adenosine A1 /A2A receptor antagonist. Adenosine receptors are highly concentrated in Nacb. Adenosine agonists injected into Nacb, shift preference towards low effort alternatives. The present studies characterized effort-related effects of caffeine in a concurrent progressive ratio (PROG)/free reinforcer choice procedure that requires high levels of work output, and generates great variability among different animals...
April 12, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653020/developmental-toxicity-of-flucytosine-following-administration-to-pregnant-rats-at-a-specific-time-point-of-organogenesis
#8
Sakiko Fujii, Kaoru Yabe, Yuki Kariwano-Kimura, Masatoshi Furukawa, Kouta Itoh, Masao Matsuura, Masao Horimoto
To investigate the abnormalities that are specific to administration of flucytosine at one time point during embryonic organogenesis, flucytosine was administered orally to pregnant SD rats in a single dose on day 11 of pregnancy at 25 or 35 mg/kg. Fetuses on day 20 of pregnancy were externally, viscerally and skeletally examined. Maternal body weight gain and food consumption were suppressed the day after administration of a 35 mg/kg. Fetal examinations revealed various alterations in both dose groups: externally preaxial polydactyly in the hind limb; skeletally fused lumbar centrum, absent sacral centrum, supernumerary sacral vertebra, and absent ribs...
April 13, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652951/-characterization-of-campylobacter-jejuni-samples-coming-form-poultry-meat-and-feces
#9
Sindy Gutiérrez, Daniel Orellana, Claudio Martínez, Verónica García Mena
Background Campylobacter jejuni is one of the main causal agents of food borne diseases. Infections with this pathogen are mainly caused by chicken meat consumption. Aim To characterize antibiotic resistance and virulence factors in C. jejuni strains obtained from chicken meat and poultry feces in Central Chile. Material and Methods The presence of C. jejuni in 30 meat and 40 feces samples from poultry was studied. From these samples, we obtained 40 strains which were characterized at the molecular level for the presence of 16 genes involved in virulence using PCR...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652839/selenium-rich-ricegrass-juice-improves-antioxidant-properties-and-nitric-oxide-inhibition-in-macrophage-cells
#10
Rattanamanee Chomchan, Panupong Puttarak, Adelheid Brantner, Sunisa Siripongvutikorn
Ricegrass juice ( Oryza sativa L.) was introduced as a functional food as the consumption of sprouts or seedlings has been claimed to provide high nutritive value. Selenium (Se) is a trace mineral that plays a key role in the human antioxidation scheme. Supplementation of Se into plants is one strategy to enhance plant bioactivities, and the consumption of Se plant foods may confer superior health benefits. In this study, ricegrass juice extract was analyzed for its major phenolic components. The effect of ricegrass juice extracts bio-fortified with 0, 10 and 40 mg Se/L named as RG0, RG10, and RG40, respectively, were investigated for a percentage of cell viability, changes of endogenous antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, and nitric oxide inhibition in RAW264...
April 13, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652579/assessment-of-the-contribution-of-dietary-and-beverage-intake-quality-to-obesity-development
#11
Saniye Bilici, Hande Mortaş, Betül Kocaadam, Eda Köksal
OBJECTIVE: Low dietary quality is an important indicator of unhealthy eating patterns that can lead to some consequences such as obesity, so policy is a very powerful tool that can affect the consumption of both healthy and unhealthy foods. Indices that assess whether nutritional policies are applied contribute to the assessment of the quality of the population's diet. This study was conducted to investigate the quality of diets and beverages consumed by Turkish adults, and the factors affecting them...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652184/dioxin-like-compounds-in-lake-fish-species-evaluation-by-dr-calux-bioassay
#12
S Sciuto, M Prearo, R Desiato, C Bulfon, E A V Burioli, G Esposito, C Guglielmetti, L Dell'atti, G Ru, D Volpatti, P L Acutis, F Martucci
Fish consumption is the principal source of intake of organochlorinated compounds in humans. Compared with other types of foods of animal origin, fish contain the highest levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo- p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, all of which are classified as highly toxic organochlorine compounds. Currently, lakes and fish farms in northern Italy are not regularly monitored for PCBs and dioxins in areas contaminated by industrial sources, partially because of the high costs of traditional analytical methods that limit the number of samples to be analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651693/shredder-chironomid-diets-are-influenced-by-decomposition-rates-of-different-leaf-litter-species
#13
L A Leite-Rossi, H H L Saulino, E M Shimabukuro, M B Cunha-Santino, S Trivinho-Strixino
The diet of shredder chironomid larvae depends on the local and temporal conditions of the food resources. We analysed the gut content of shredder chironomid larvae that colonised the leaf litter of three riparian species: Hedychium coronarium, Pteridium arachnoideum and Magnolia ovata. We hypothesised that the differences in the decomposition rates of leaf litter species influence the consumption of plant tissue by shredder chironomid taxa over time. We incubated perforated bottles with each leaf species within four low-order streams during 1st, 3rd, 7th, 22nd, 36th, 55th and 85th day of exposure...
April 12, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651636/aflatoxin-m-1-detoxification-ability-of-probiotic-lactobacilli-of-indian-origin-in-in-vitro-digestion-model
#14
Rohit Panwar, Narendra Kumar, Vipul Kashyap, Chand Ram, Rajeev Kapila
Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1 ) is known to be a potent carcinogen and continues to pose a public health concern through the consumption of contaminated dairy foods. It is anticipated that consumption of lactic acid bacteria capable of binding aflatoxins can reduce the risk of AFM1 on human health to a certain extent. Seldom reports have hinted the possibility of using lactic acid bacteria for the biological detoxification of AFM1 . Hence, the present study was conducted to assess the ability of selected probiotic Lactobacillus strains for their AFM1 binding ability in PBS and to reduce its bioaccessibility in artificially contaminated skim milk using an in vitro digestion model...
April 12, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651507/efficacy-and-side-effects-of-baclofen-and-the-novel-gaba-b-receptor-positive-allosteric-modulator-cmppe-in-animal-models-for-alcohol-and-cocaine-addiction
#15
Valentina Vengeliene, Tatiane T Takahashi, Olga A Dravolina, Irina Belozertseva, Edwin Zvartau, Anton Y Bespalov, Rainer Spanagel
RATIONALE: Preclinical studies suggest that the GABAB receptor is a potential target for treatment of substance use disorders. However, recent clinical trials report adverse effects in patients treated with the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen and even question efficacy. How can the discrepancy between preclinical and clinical findings be explained? OBJECTIVE: To test efficacy and adverse effects of baclofen and the novel GABAB positive allosteric modulator (PAM) CMPPE in rat addiction models, which were developed in accordance with DSM...
April 12, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651243/pr-toxin-biosynthesis-genetic-regulation-toxicological-potential-prevention-and-control-measures-overview-and-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Manish K Dubey, Mohd Aamir, Manish S Kaushik, Saumya Khare, Mukesh Meena, Surendra Singh, Ram S Upadhyay
Out of the various mycotoxigenic food and feed contaminant, the fungal species belonging to Penicillium genera, particularly Penicillium roqueforti is of great economic importance, and well known for its crucial role in the manufacturing of Roquefort and Gorgonzola cheese. The mycotoxicosis effect of this mold is due to secretion of several metabolites, of which PR toxin is of considerable importance, with regard to food quality and safety challenges issues. The food products and silages enriched with PR toxin could lead into damage to vital internal organs, gastrointestinal perturbations, carcinogenicity, immunotoxicity, necrosis, and enzyme inhibition...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651050/drought-and-plant-neighbourhood-interactively-determine-herbivore-consumption-and-performance
#17
Bastien Castagneyrol, Xoaquín Moreira, Hervé Jactel
Both plant neighbourhood composition and drought have well-known independent effects on insect herbivore performance, but their interactive effects remain elusive. In this study we performed a laboratory experiment to investigate the independent and combined effects of plant neighbourhood composition and drought on the performance of Gypsy moth larvae (Lymantria dispar) feeding on silver birch (Betula pendula) leaves. For this, we collected leaf samples from birch trees growing in a field experiment where we manipulated both host-tree species diversity (three levels: birch monocultures, two-species mixtures associating birch with the pedunculate oak Quercus robur or maritime pine Pinus pinaster, and three-species mixture with pedunculate oak, the maritime pine and birch) and water availability (two levels: irrigated vs...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650023/sustained-impact-of-energy-dense-tv-and-online-food-advertising-on-children-s-dietary-intake-a-within-subject-randomised-crossover-counter-balanced-trial
#18
Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649781/persisting-patterns-of-human-height-regional-differences-in-living-standards-in-the-early-middle-ages
#19
Nicholas J Meinzer
öProximity to protein production' has recently been identified as an important determinant of regional variation of biological standards of living, as evidenced by average heights. The number of cows per person turned out to be a useful proxy where milk consumption had not been documented. Re-analyses of agricultural production and average male heights in early 19th-century central Europe show that indicators of agricultural suitability and potential for food production constructed from modern agro-ecological data are strongly correlated with historical agricultural specialisation...
March 7, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649735/a-review-of-analytical-procedures-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-medically-important-veterinary-antibiotics-in-environmental-water-sample-preparation-liquid-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry
#20
REVIEW
Chansik Kim, Hong-Duck Ryu, Eu Gene Chung, Yongseok Kim, Jae-Kwan Lee
Medically important (MI) antibiotics are defined by the United States Food and Drug Administration as drugs containing certain active antimicrobial ingredients that are used for the treatment of human diseases or enteric pathogens causing food-borne diseases. The presence of MI antibiotic residues in environmental water is a major concern for both aquatic ecosystems and public health, particularly because of their potential to contribute to the development of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms. In this article, we present a review of global trends in the sales of veterinary MI antibiotics and the analytical methodologies used for the simultaneous determination of antibiotic residues in environmental water...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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