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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040812/a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-study-of-appetite-related-sensations-after-consuming-snacks-made-from-buckwheat
#1
Danielle M Defries, Jay C Petkau, Terri Gregor, Heather Blewett
With the rising incidence of overweight and obesity in developed countries, there is an interest in developing food products that may aid in satiety and reduce energy intake. Buckwheat is a gluten-free edible seed that has been previously shown to induce changes in post-prandial concentrations of satiety hormones; however, subjective measures of appetite-related sensations and objective measures of energy intake at subsequent meals following buckwheat consumption have not been measured. Thirty eight healthy adults were recruited to participate in a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial with the main objective to determine if consuming snacks made from buckwheat would increase satiety and reduce energy intake compared to snacks comparable in serving size, physical characteristics, and nutrient composition...
October 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040083/consumption-of-edible-ice-contaminated-with-acinetobacter-pseudomonas-and-stenotrophomonas-is-a-risk-factor-for-fecal-colonization-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-vietnam
#2
Tatsuya Nakayama, Nguyen Cong Ha, Phong Quoc Le, Ryuji Kawahara, Yuko Kumeda, Yoshinori Sumimura, Yoshimasa Yamamoto
Although Vietnamese residents frequently harbor extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E), it is unclear which foods/beverages are risk factors for acquiring these bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency with which edible ice served in restaurants is contaminated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and thereby clarify whether this product poses a risk for ESBL-E carriage in humans. Ice from restaurants in Vietnam and Japan was screened for bacteria capable of growing on agar containing cefotaxime (BG-CTX)...
2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#3
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited.Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036999/-the-contamination-and-dietary-exposure-analysis-for-seven-mycotoxins-in-the-fifth-chinese-total-diet-study
#4
N N Qiu, B Lyu, S Zhou, Y F Zhao, Y N Wu
Objective: To investigate the contamination levels and dietary intakes of seven mycotoxins in Chinese diets. Methods: In Chinese Total Diet Study, food aggregation was based on the food consumption of local residents, thus generating the sampling scheme. According to the sampling scheme, the food items were sampled at three survey points in each province and then mixed in the same proportion. The mixed dietary samples were prepared after being cooked and processed. The samples comprised of 13 categories of food: cereals, beans, potatoes, meat, eggs, aquatic products, milk, vegetables, fruits, saccharides, beverages and drinking water, alcohol, and condiments...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036884/recent-advances-in-mycotoxin-determination-for-food-monitoring-via-microchip
#5
REVIEW
Yan Man, Gang Liang, An Li, Ligang Pan
Mycotoxins are one of the main factors impacting food safety. Mycotoxin contamination has threatened the health of humans and animals. Conventional methods for the detection of mycotoxins are gas chromatography (GC) or liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS), or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, all these methods are time-consuming, require large-scale instruments and skilled technicians, and consume large amounts of hazardous regents and solvents. Interestingly, a microchip requires less sample consumption and short analysis time, and can realize the integration, miniaturization, and high-throughput detection of the samples...
October 14, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036212/dietary-patterns-and-mental-health-after-myocardial-infarction
#6
Nathaly Rius-Ottenheim, Daan Kromhout, Femke P C Sijtsma, Johanna M Geleijnse, Erik J Giltay
BACKGROUND: Diet has been associated with better mental health in general populations, but less is known on this association in patients with a history of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study is to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and mental health in elderly patients with a history of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Data were drawn from the final assessment of the Alpha Omega cohort that monitored patients with a history of myocardial infarction (age range 60-80 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035921/biphasic-effects-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-on-anxiety-rapid-reversal-of-escitalopram-s-anxiogenic-effects-in-the-novelty-induced-hypophagia-test-in-mice
#7
Wouter Koek, Nathan C Mitchell, Lynette C Daws
In humans, chronic treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) decreases anxiety, unlike acute treatment, which can increase anxiety. Although this biphasic pattern is observed clinically, preclinical demonstrations are rare. In an animal model of antidepressant-induced anxiolytic effects, the novelty-induced hypophagia (NIH) test, a single administration of the SSRI citalopram reportedly elicited anxiogenic-like effects, whereas three administrations over 24 h were sufficient to produce anxiolytic-like effects...
October 13, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035790/is-ecological-food-also-radioecological-210-po-and-210-pb-studies
#8
Dagmara Strumińska-Parulska, Grzegorz Olszewski
Presented are results of a study on accumulation of naturally occurring (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and conventional farming food products in Poland: fruits, vegetables and cereals. The main idea behind this research was to determine the activity concentrations of (210)Po and (210)Pb in ecological and commercial food as well as calculate and compare the effective dose (radiation) connected to different origin of analyzed food products consumption. The studies showed the majority of all compared food samples contained similar (210)Po and (210)Pb activities and statistically, the consumption of organic and commercial food would give similar annual effective dose...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035257/southern-ocean-biological-iron-cycling-in-the-pre-whaling-and-present-ecosystems
#9
Maria T Maldonado, Szymon Surma, Evgeny A Pakhomov
This study aimed to create the first model of biological iron (Fe) cycling in the Southern Ocean food web. Two biomass mass-balanced Ecopath models were built to represent pre- and post-whaling ecosystem states (1900 and 2008). Functional group biomasses (tonnes wet weight km(-2)) were converted to biogenic Fe pools (kg Fe km(-2)) using published Fe content ranges. In both models, biogenic Fe pools and consumption in the pelagic Southern Ocean were highest for plankton and small nektonic groups. The production of plankton biomass, particularly unicellular groups, accounted for the highest annual Fe demand...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#10
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034010/developing-a-framework-of-gastronomic-systems-research-to-unravel-drivers-of-food-choice
#11
Rosa Paula Cuevas, Annalyn de Guia, Matty Demont
Nutritional and dietary interventions and the introduction of novel food products and ingredients require a thorough understanding of the drivers of food choice, which are embedded in local context and culture. We developed a framework of "gastronomic systems research" (GSR) to understand culture-specific consumer food choice, and contextualise it to a target population of urban, middle- to high-income Filipino consumers to assess the domestic niche market potential of traditional rice varieties in the Philippines...
October 2017: Int J Gastron Food Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033019/processing-of-mycotoxin-contaminated-waste-streams-through-anaerobic-digestion
#12
L De Gelder, K Audenaert, B Willems, K Schelfhout, S De Saeger, M De Boevre
Food and feed stocks heavily contaminated with mycotoxins are rendered unfit for consumption and therefore discarded as waste. Due to the lack of guidelines and in accordance with the prudent avoidance principle, these waste streams are often incinerated. For better valorization, these streams could be used as input for anaerobic digestion. However, the degradation of multiple mycotoxins during anaerobic digestion and their effect on the methane production is currently unknown. In batch tests spiked with mycotoxins, aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and T-2 toxin were degraded for more than 90%...
October 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032805/influence-of-socio-economic-status-and-television-watching-on-childhood-obesity-in-kolkata
#13
S Bharati, M Pal, S Shome, P Roy, P Dhara, P Bharati
Obesity is fast becoming an epidemic among the urban children and it has its adverse effect on the status of health even during adulthood. In this paper an attempt is made to assess the percentage of obesity among 6-10 year children and assess the effect of different socio-economic variables and TV watching on childhood obesity. We restricted our study to primary school-going children who attended classes I-IV. The sample consisted of 5216 children from 20 different Bengali medium and English medium schools in Kolkata...
September 20, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032787/ultra-processed-foods-protein-leverage-and-energy-intake-in-the-usa
#14
Euridice Martínez Steele, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson, Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Carlos A Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies have shown that human macronutrient regulation minimizes variation in absolute protein intake and consequently energy intake varies passively with dietary protein density ('protein leverage'). According to the 'protein leverage hypothesis' (PLH), protein leverage interacts with a reduction in dietary protein density to drive energy overconsumption and obesity. Worldwide increase in consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) has been hypothesized to be an important determinant of dietary protein dilution, and consequently an ecological driving force of energy overconsumption and the obesity pandemic...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032630/risk-factors-of-poor-complementary-feeding-practices-in-pakistani-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-2013
#15
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Christine P Stewart
Appropriate feeding practices are crucial for survival, growth, and development in childhood. This paper analyzes Pakistan's Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013 to fill the knowledge gap in risk factors of poor complementary feeding practices in Pakistani children. Multilevel models were applied to fit the multistage cluster sample of 2,827 children aged 6-23 months from 489 communities. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods (intro) was achieved in 67% infants aged 6-8 months. Among children aged 6-23 months, the proportion of children meeting minimum meal frequency, dietary diversity (MDD), and acceptable diet criteria were 63%, 22% and 15%, respectively...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032629/consumption-of-commercially-produced-snack-foods-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-during-the-complementary-feeding-period-in-four-african-and-asian-urban-contexts
#16
Alissa M Pries, Sandra L Huffman, Mary Champeny, Indu Adhikary, Margaret Benjamin, Aminata Ndeye Coly, El Hadji Issakha Diop, Khin Mengkheang, Ndèye Yaga Sy, Shrid Dhungel, Alison Feeley, Bineti Vitta, Elizabeth Zehner
The availability and consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages have increased across low-income and middle-income countries. This cross-sectional survey assessed consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages among children 6-23 months of age, and mothers' exposure to promotions for these products. Health facility-based interviews were conducted among 218 randomly sampled mothers utilizing child health services in Dakar, Senegal; 229 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 228 in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal; and 222 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032628/diet-quality-and-risk-of-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Julia Krasevec, Xiaoyi An, Richard Kumapley, France Bégin, Edward A Frongillo
Age-appropriate complementary feeding practices are far from optimal among low- and middle-income countries with available data. The evidence on the association between feeding practices and linear growth is mixed. We sought to systematically examine the association between two indictors of dietary quality-dietary diversity and animal source food (ASF) consumption (WHO, 2008)-and stunting (length-for-age z-score) employing existing data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys. Data on 74,548 children aged 6-23 months were pooled and multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for child, maternal, and household characteristics, employed to assess the association between dietary quality and stunting...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031605/a-waterborne-outbreak-of-multiple-diarrhoeagenic-escherichia-coli-infections-associated-with-drinking-water-at-a-school-camp
#18
Jungsun Park, Jin Seok Kim, Soojin Kim, Eunkyung Shin, Kyung-Hwan Oh, Yonghoon Kim, Cheon Hyeon Kim, Min Ah Hwang, Chan Mun Jin, Kyoungin Na, Jin Lee, Enhi Cho, Byung-Hak Kang, Hyo-Sun Kwak, Won Keun Seong, Junyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, a local public health laboratory was notified that students had developed gastroenteritis symptoms after participating in a camp. An outbreak investigation was conducted to determine the extent and cause of the outbreak. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the correlations between the illness and specific exposures at the school camp. All attendees were interviewed with a standard questionnaire that addressed clinical symptoms, food consumption and environmental exposures...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031550/mechanisms-for-agrp-neuron-mediated-regulation-of-appetitive-behaviors-in-rodents
#19
REVIEW
M Alex Thomas, Bingzhong Xue
The obesity epidemic is a major health and economic burden facing both developed and developing countries worldwide. Interrogation of the central and peripheral mechanisms regulating ingestive behaviors have primarily focused on food intake, and in the process uncovered a detailed neuroanatomical framework controlling this behavior. However, these studies have largely ignored the behaviors that bring animals, including humans, in contact with food. It is therefore useful to dichotomize ingestive behaviors as appetitive (motivation to find and store food) and consummatory (consumption of food once found), and utilize an animal model that naturally displays these behaviors...
October 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031545/social-modeling-of-eating-mediated-by-mirror-neuron-activity-a-causal-model-moderated-by-frontal-asymmetry-and-bmi
#20
Laura McGeown, Ron Davis
The social modeling of eating effect refers to the consistently demonstrated phenomenon that individuals tend to match their quantity of food intake to their eating companion. The current study sought to explore whether activity within the mirror neuron system (MNS) mediates the social modeling of eating effect as a function of EEG frontal asymmetry and body mass index (BMI). Under the guise of rating empathy, 93 female undergraduates viewed a female video confederate "incidentally" consume either a low or high intake of chips while electroencephalogram (EEG) activity was recorded...
October 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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