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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445513/dietary-patterns-and-all-cause-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#1
Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Taichi Shimazu, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Hiroyasu Iso, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis showed an inverse association of a prudent/healthy dietary pattern with all-cause mortality and no association of a western/unhealthy dietary pattern. However, the association of distinctive dietary patterns of Japanese population with mortality remains unclear. We prospectively investigated the association between dietary patterns and all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality among Japanese adults. METHODS: Participants were 36,737 men and 44,983 women aged 45-74 years who participated in the second survey of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (1995-1998) and who had no history of serious disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445436/irritable-bowel-syndrome-clinical-manifestations-dietary-influences-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua DeSipio, Sangita Phadtare
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of an overtly identifiable cause. It is the most commonly diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder, accounting for about one third of gastroenterology visits. It generally presents as a complex of symptoms, including psychological dysfunction. Hypersensitivity to certain foods, especially foods that contain high amounts of fructose, plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445389/fructose-glucocorticoids-and-adipose-tissue-implications-for-the-metabolic-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Balázs Legeza, Paola Marcolongo, Alessandra Gamberucci, Viola Varga, Gábor Bánhegyi, Angiolo Benedetti, Alex Odermatt
The modern Western society lifestyle is characterized by a hyperenergetic, high sugar containing food intake. Sugar intake increased dramatically during the last few decades, due to the excessive consumption of high-sugar drinks and high-fructose corn syrup. Current evidence suggests that high fructose intake when combined with overeating and adiposity promotes adverse metabolic health effects including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, type II diabetes, and inflammation. Similarly, elevated glucocorticoid levels, especially the enhanced generation of active glucocorticoids in the adipose tissue due to increased 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) activity, have been associated with metabolic diseases...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445253/micro-rna-screening-and-prediction-model-construction-for-diagnosis-of-salt-sensitive-essential-hypertension
#4
Han Qi, Zheng Liu, Bin Liu, Han Cao, Weiping Sun, Yuxiang Yan, Ling Zhang
Commonly used tests for diagnosis of salt-sensitive hypertension (SSH) are complex and time-consuming, so new methods are required. Many studies have demonstrated roles for miRNAs in hypertension; however, the diagnostic value of miRNAs has yet to be determined for human SSH. In this study, we examined miRNA expression profiles by initial high-throughput miRNA sequencing of samples from patients with salt-sensitive and salt-resistant hypertension (SSH and SRH, respectively; n = 6, both groups), followed by validation by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in a larger cohort (n = 91)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445161/zerumbone-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-adiposity-by-restoring-ampk-regulated-lipogenesis-and-microrna-146b-sirt1-mediated-adipogenesis
#5
Jiyun Ahn, Hyunjung Lee, Chang Hwa Jung, Won Hee Choi, Tae Youl Ha
Obesity is characterized by increased fat mass, as adipose tissue serves as a storage site for excess energy from food consumption. In obesity, altered lipid metabolism of adipose tissue, characterized by fatty acid uptake, de novo lipogenesis, and lipolysis, are induced. In this study, we examined the effect of zerumbone, a major sesquiterpene from wild ginger, on high-fat diet (HF)-induced obesity and dysregulated lipid metabolism in the white adipose tissues (WAT) of C57BL/6N mice. Dietary supplementation with zerumbone ameliorated HF-induced obesity and improved impaired lipid metabolism in WAT...
April 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444234/inferring-allele-frequency-trajectories-from-ancient-dna-indicates-that-selection-on-a-chicken-gene-coincided-with-changes-in-medieval-husbandry-practices
#6
Liisa Loog, Mark G Thomas, Ross Barnett, Richard Allen, Naomi Sykes, Ptolemaios D Paxinos, Ophelie Lebrasseur, Keith Dobney, Joris Peters, Andrea Manica, Greger Larson, Anders Eriksson
Ancient DNA provides an opportunity to infer the drivers of natural selection by linking allele frequency changes to temporal shifts in environment or cultural practices. However, analyses have often been hampered by uneven sampling and uncertainties in sample dating, as well as being confounded by demographic processes. Here we present a Bayesian statistical framework for quantifying the timing and strength of selection using ancient DNA that explicitly addresses these challenges. We applied this method to time series data for two loci: TSHR and BCDO2, both argued to have undergone strong and recent selection in domestic chickens...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443492/consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-immigrants-in-finland
#7
Folasade A Adebayo, Suvi T Itkonen, Päivikki Koponen, Ritva Prättälä, Tommi Härkänen, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Maijaliisa Erkkola
AIMS: We evaluated the consumption of healthy foods among Russian, Somali and Kurdish immigrants in Finland, and examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors and food consumption. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu), a population-based health interview and examination survey in six different municipalities in Finland between 2010 and 2012. Altogether, 635 men and 737 women, aged 18-64 years, of Russian ( n = 527), Somali ( n = 337) and Kurdish ( n = 508) origin were included...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443289/frequency-and-duration-of-fecal-shedding-of-salmonella-enteritidis-by-experimentally-infected-laying-hens-housed-in-enriched-colony-cages-at-different-stocking-densities
#8
Richard K Gast, Rupa Guraya, Deana R Jones, Kenneth E Anderson, Darrin M Karcher
Human infections with Salmonella Enteritidis are often attributed to the consumption of contaminated eggs, so the prevalence of this pathogen in egg-laying poultry is an important public health risk factor. Numerous and complex environmental influences on Salmonella persistence and transmission are exerted by management practices and housing facilities used in commercial egg production. In recent years, the animal welfare implications of poultry housing systems have guided the development of alternatives to traditional cage-based housing, but their food safety consequences are not yet fully understood...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443155/egg-consumption-and-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Zeinab Mokhtari, Hossein Poustchi, Tannaz Eslamparast, Azita Hekmatdoost
AIM: To evaluate the association between egg consumption and risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on individuals who were referred to two hepatology clinics in Tehran, Iran in 2015. The study included 169 patients with NAFLD and 782 controls. Egg consumption was estimated using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The participants were categorized according to the frequency of their egg consumption during the previous year: Less than two eggs per week, two to three eggs per week, and four or more eggs per week...
April 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443020/bgp-15-protects-against-oxaliplatin-induced-skeletal-myopathy-and-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-mice
#10
James C Sorensen, Aaron C Petersen, Cara A Timpani, Dean G Campelj, Jordan Cook, Adam J Trewin, Vanesa Stojanovska, Mathew Stewart, Alan Hayes, Emma Rybalka
Chemotherapy is a leading intervention against cancer. Albeit highly effective, chemotherapy has a multitude of deleterious side-effects including skeletal muscle wasting and fatigue, which considerably reduces patient quality of life and survivability. As such, a defense against chemotherapy-induced skeletal muscle dysfunction is required. Here we investigate the effects of oxaliplatin (OXA) treatment in mice on the skeletal muscle and mitochondria, and the capacity for the Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, BGP-15, to ameliorate any pathological side-effects induced by OXA...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442455/use-of-fitness-and-nutrition-apps-associations-with-body-mass-index-snacking-and-drinking-habits-in-adolescents
#11
Nathalie De Cock, Jolien Vangeel, Carl Lachat, Kathleen Beullens, Leentje Vervoort, Lien Goossens, Lea Maes, Benedicte Deforche, Stefaan De Henauw, Caroline Braet, Steven Eggermont, Patrick Kolsteren, John Van Camp, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve snacking and drinking habits are needed to promote a healthy body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Although commercial fitness and nutrition mobile phone apps are widely used, little is known regarding their potential to improve health behaviors, especially in adolescents. In addition, evidence on the mechanisms through which such fitness and nutrition apps influence behavior is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether the use of commercial fitness or nutrition apps was associated with a lower BMI and healthier snacking and drinking habits in adolescents...
April 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442410/subchronic-feeding-study-of-high-free-lysine-transgenic-rice-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#12
Qing-Qing Yang, Xiao-Yun He, Hong-Yu Wu, Chang-Quan Zhang, Shi-Ying Zou, Tian-Qi Lang, Samuel Sai-Ming Sun, Qiao-Quan Liu
Lysine is considered to be the first essential amino acid in rice. An elite High-Free-Lysine transgenic line HFL1 was previously produced by metabolic engineering to regulate lysine metabolism. In this study, a 90-day toxicology experiment was undertaken to investigate the potential health effect of feeding different doses of HFL1 rice to Sprague-Dawley rats. During the trial, body weight gain, food consumption and food efficiency were recorded, and no adverse effect was observed in rats fed transgenic (T) rice diets compared with non-transgenic (N) or control diets...
April 22, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441944/effects-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-on-the-outcome-of-treatment-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-sam-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#13
Emmanuel Grellety, Pélagie Babakazo, Amina Bangana, Gustave Mwamba, Ines Lezama, Noël Marie Zagre, Eric-Alain Ategbo
BACKGROUND: Cash transfer programs (CTPs) aim to strengthen financial security for vulnerable households. This potentially enables improvements in diet, hygiene, health service access and investment in food production or income generation. The effect of CTPs on the outcome of children already severely malnourished is not well delineated. The objective of this study was to test whether CTPs will improve the outcome of children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo over 6 months...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441747/associations-between-diet-and-toenail-arsenic-concentration-among-pregnant-women-in-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#14
Pi-I D Lin, Sabri Bromage, Md Golam Mostofa, Joseph Allen, Emily Oken, Molly L Kile, David C Christiani
This prospective study evaluated the relationship between long-term dietary habits and total arsenic (As) concentration in toenail clippings in a cohort of 1616 pregnant women in the Bangladeshi administrative regions of Sirajdikhan and Pabna Sadar. Diet was assessed at Gestation Week 28 and at Postpartum Month 1, using a locally-validated dish-based semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Toenail As concentration was analyzed by microwave-assisted acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441638/health-risk-assessment-for-the-consumption-of-fresh-and-preserved-fish-alosa-agone-from-lago-di-como-northern-italy
#15
Silvia Quadroni, Roberta Bettinetti
BACKGROUND: Although banned in many countries for decades, DDTs and PCBs still represent a global threat to food safety. As these contaminants are still present in aquatic ecosystems, fish can be an important contributor to their total dietary intake. OBJECTIVES: Alosa agone specimens were sampled over a period of 10 years (from 2006 to 2015) to provide a representative overview of the DDT and PCB levels of Lago di Como, a deep Italian lake where a DDT input due to secondary sources was observed in recent years...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441311/feasibility-and-outcome-of-an-accelerated-recovery-protocol-in-asian-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#16
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Shweh Fern Loo, Jun Yin Ong, Kulathunga Arachchige Lisitha, M Shahnaz Hasan, Chee Kean Lee, Chee Kidd Chiu, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the feasibility of an accelerated recovery protocol for Asian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been successful implementation of an accelerated recovery protocol for AIS patients undergoing PSF in the western population. No similar studies have been reported in the Asian population. METHODS: 74 AIS (65F, 9 M) patients scheduled for PSF surgery were recruited...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440966/lead-levels-in-vegetables-from-artisanal-mining-sites-of-dilimi-river-bukuru-and-barkin-ladi-north-central-nigeria-cancer-and-non-cancer-risk-assessment
#17
Orish Ebere Orisakwe, Emmanuel Ayuba Dagur, Herbert Orji Chidi Mbagwu, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle
Lead (Pb) contamination of foods and especially of frequently consumed vegetables is a growing public health concern worldwide. Although levels of exposure in developed countries have declined over the past decades, the same cannot be said of developing countries. Health risk assessment has increasingly been employed to determine the potential hazard of heavy metal exposure to humans. In this study vegetable samples (tomatoes, red pepper, brown beans, lettuce, cabbage, Irish potatoes, onions, green beans and carrot), soil samples, irrigation water and sediment samples were collected from the Dilimi River, Bukuru and Barkin Ladi communities in north central Nigeria and analyzed for Pb content using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440964/effect-of-b9-and-b12-vitamin-intake-on-semen-parameters-and-fertility-of-men-with-mthfr-polymorphisms
#18
R Najafipour, S Moghbelinejad, A Aleyasin, A Jalilvand
The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene codes a crucial enzyme which involve in folate metabolism. The effect of MTHFR gene polymorphisms on male fertility status is uncertain and controversial. We evaluated the effect of B vitamin family intake on total homocysteine content and semen parameters of men with MTHFR gene polymorphisms. MTHFR genotypes frequency and serum total homocysteine concentration were measured among 280 men with impaired spermatogenesis (asthenospermia, oligospermia, severe oligospermia and azoospermia) and 85 control participants...
April 25, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440752/assessment-study-of-the-nutritional-status-eating-habits-and-physical-activity-of-the-schooled-population-of-centelles-hostalets-de-baleny%C3%A3-and-sant-mart%C3%A3-de-centelles-alin-2014-study
#19
Queralt Aguilà, Maria Àngels Ramón, Susana Matesanz, Ramon Vilatimó, Irene Del Moral, Carles Brotons, Àngels Ulied
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malnourishment can be caused by either a lack of food or an excess of low-nutrient foods. Due to several factors, this predisposes children to academic failure. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of school children with eating problems, study their nutrition level, food quality in the diet, and level of physical activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved the school children between 3 months and 16.5 years of age in the municipalities of Centelles, Hostalets de Balenyà and Sant Martí de Centelles...
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440717/serum-carotenoid-interactions-in-premenopausal-women-reveal-%C3%AE-carotene-is-negatively-impacted-by-body-fat
#20
Emily Taylor Nuss, Ashley R Valentine, Zhumin Zhang, HuiChuan Jennifer Lai, Sherry A Tanumihardjo
Increasing body mass indices (BMIs) across the globe reflect pandemic shifts towards habitual positive energy imbalances. Excess body fat in individuals is often associated with high-energy and high-fat diets scanty in fresh produce. Carotenoids are fat-soluble pigments plentiful in many fruits and vegetables. They are well-known for provitamin A and antioxidant functions, but little research has been done related to carotenoid-body mass interactions. Serum carotenoids were analyzed relative to body fat to determine correlations between major serum carotenoids, retinol, BMI, fat mass, and lean mass...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
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