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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471526/predictors-and-outcomes-of-mealtime-emotional-climate-in-families-with-preschoolers
#1
Jaclyn A Saltzman, Kelly K Bost, Salma M A Musaad, Barbara H Fiese, Angela R Wiley
Objective: Mealtime emotional climate (MEC) is related to parent feeding and mental health, and possibly to child food consumption. However, MEC has been inconsistently assessed with a variety of coding schemes and self-report instruments, and has not been examined longitudinally. This study aims to characterize MEC systematically using an observational, count-based coding scheme; identify whether parent feeding or mental health predict MEC; and examine whether MEC predicts child food consumption and weight...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471372/a-multistate-outbreak-of-human-salmonella-agona-infections-associated-with-consumption-of-fresh-whole-papayas-imported-from-mexico-united-states-2011
#2
Adamma Mba-Jonas, Wright Culpepper, Thomas Hill, Venessa Cantu, Julie Loera, Julie Borders, Lori Saathoff-Huber, Johnson Nsubuga, Ingrid Zambrana, Shannon Dalton, Ian Williams, Karen P Neil
Background: Nontyphoidal Salmonella causes ~1 million food-borne infections annually in the United States. We began investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella serotype Agona infections in April 2011. Methods: A case was defined as infection with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Agona occurring between 1 January and 25 August 2011. We developed hypotheses through iterative interviews. Product distribution analyses and traceback investigations were conducted...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471071/intragastric-preloads-of-l-tryptophan-reduce-ingestive-behavior-via-oxytocinergic-neural-mechanisms-in-male-mice
#3
Sarah N Gartner, Fraser Aidney, Anica Klockars, Colin Prosser, Elizabeth A Carpenter, Kiriana Isgrove, Allen S Levine, Pawel K Olszewski
Human and laboratory animal studies suggest that dietary supplementation of a free essential amino acid, l-tryptophan (TRP), reduces food intake. It is unclear whether an acute gastric preload of TRP decreases consumption and whether central mechanisms underlie TRP-driven hypophagia. We examined the effect of TRP administered via intragastric gavage on energy- and palatability-induced feeding in mice. We sought to identify central mechanisms through which TRP suppresses appetite. Effects of TRP on consumption of energy-dense and energy-dilute tastants were established in mice stimulated to eat by energy deprivation or palatability...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471068/weight-loss-decreases-self-reported-appetite-and-alters-food-preferences-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-observational-data-from-the-diogenes-study
#4
Charlotte Andriessen, Pia Christensen, Lone Vestergaard Nielsen, Christian Ritz, Arne Astrup, Thomas Meinert Larsen, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim H M Saris, Marleen A van Baak, Angeliki Papadaki, Marie Kunesova, Susan Jebb, John Blundell, Clare Lawton, Anne Raben
People with obesity often struggle to maintain their weight loss after a weight loss period. Furthermore, the effect of weight loss on appetite and food preferences remains unclear. Hence this study investigated the effect of weight loss on subjective appetite and food preferences in healthy, overweight and obese volunteers. A subgroup of adult participants (n = 123) from the Diet Obesity and Genes (DiOGenes) study (subgroup A) was recruited from across six European countries. Participants lost ≥8% of initial body weight during an 8-week low calorie diet (LCD)...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470754/mitigation-measures-to-avert-the-impacts-of-plastics-and-microplastics-in-the-marine-environment-a-review
#5
Oluniyi Solomon Ogunola, Olawale Ahmed Onada, Augustine Eyiwunmi Falaye
The increasing demand for and reliance on plastics as an everyday item, and rapid rise in their production and subsequent indiscriminate disposal, rise in human population and industrial growth, have made the material an important environmental concern and focus of interest of many research. Historically, plastic production has increased tremendously to over 250 million tonnes by 2009 with an annual increased rate of 9%. In 2015, the global consumption of plastic materials was reported to be > 300 million tonnes and is expected to surge exponentially...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470421/phytochemicals-in-human-milk-and-their-potential-antioxidative-protection
#6
REVIEW
Apollinaire Tsopmo
Diets contain secondary plant metabolites commonly referred to as phytochemicals. Many of them are believed to impact human health through various mechanisms, including protection against oxidative stress and inflammation, and decreased risks of developing chronic diseases. For mothers and other people, phytochemical intake occurs through the consumption of foods such as fruits, vegetables, and grains. Research has shown that some these phytochemicals are present in the mother's milk and can contribute to its oxidative stability...
February 22, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469027/reduced-mortality-risk-by-a-polyphenol-rich-diet-an-analysis-from-the-moli-sani-study
#7
George Pounis, Simona Costanzo, Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Amalia de Curtis, Emilia Ruggiero, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: The effect of the polyphenol content of the human diet on mortality risk is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of a polyphenol-rich diet with mortality rate and a possible mediation effect by inflammation, in what we believe to be a novel, holistic approach. METHODS: We analyzed 21 302 participants (10 980 women and 10 322 men, aged ≥35 y) from the Moli-sani cohort. The participants were followed up for a median of 8...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469014/effect-of-mineral-status-and-glucocorticoid-use-on-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Nayane R Pierote, Amanda F Braz, Susy L Barros, José M Moita Neto, José Miguel L Parente, Maria da Cruz M Silva, Mayara S Beserra, Nina Rosa M Soares, Dilina N Marreiro, Nadir do Noscimento Nogueira
OBJECTIVES: Crohn's disease (CD) is a condition that is characterized by chronic inflammation. The presence of multifactorial pathogenesis that results from inflammation is associated with low micronutrient consumption and glucocorticoid use, which may be related to bone health. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between dietary mineral intake and glucocorticoid use in bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 62 patients with CD ages 20 y to 40 y measured their macro- and micronutrient intake with a 3-d food record...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469009/dairy-consumption-and-inflammatory-profile-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#9
Tábata Natal Gadotti, Marina Maintinguer Norde, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Mauro Fisberg, Regina Mara Fisberg, Erica Oki, Lígia Araújo Martini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dairy product consumption and plasma inflammatory biomarkers levels among a representative sample of Brazilian adults from São Paulo City. METHODS: Data were acquired from the Health Survey for São Paulo, a cross-sectional population-based study. All individuals 20 to 59 y of age with complete food consumption information (24-h dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) and blood sample analysis were included (N = 259)...
October 26, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468976/toxicity-of-biologically-active-peptides-and-future-safety-aspects-an-update
#10
Kamal Niaz, Fazlullah Khan, Mohammad Abdollahi
INTRODUCTION: Peptides are fragments of proteins with significant biological activities. These peptides are encoded in the protein sequence. Initially, such peptides are inactive in their parental form, unless proteolytic enzymes are released. These peptides then exhibit various functions and play a therapeutic role in the body. OBJECTIVE: Besides the therapeutic and physiological activities of peptides, the main purpose of this study was to highlight the safety aspects of peptides...
February 18, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468886/protective-effect-of-kolaviron-on-cyclophosphamide-induced-cardiac-toxicity-in-rats
#11
Joseph Gbenga Omole, Oladele Abiodun Ayoka, Quadri Kunle Alabi, Modinat Adebukola Adefisayo, Muritala Abiola Asafa, Babalola Olusegun Olubunmi, Benson Akinloye Fadeyi
BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide (CP) is a nitrogen mustard alkylating drug used for the treatment of chronic and acute malignant lymphomas, myeloma, leukemia, neuroblastoma, adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, breast carcinoma, and immunosuppressive therapy. Despite its vast therapeutic uses, it is known to cause severe cardiac toxicity. Kolaviron (KV), a Garcinia kola seed extract containing a mixture of flavonoids, is reputed for its antioxidant and membrane stabilizing properties. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the protective effect of KV on CP-induced cardiotoxicity in rats...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468821/urinary-metabolomics-profiles-associated-to-bovine-meat-ingestion-in-humans
#12
Nadezda V Khodorova, Douglas N Rutledge, Marion Oberli, David Mathiron, Paulo Marcelo, Robert Benamouzig, Daniel Tomé, Claire Gaudichon, Serge Pilard
SCOPE: The impact of meat consumption on human health is widely examined in nutritional epidemiological studies, especially due to the connexion between the consumption of red and processed meat and the risk of colon cancer. Food questionnaires do not assess the exposure to different methods of meat cooking. This study aimed to identify biomarkers of the acute ingestion of bovine meat cooked with 2 different processes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Non-targeted UPLC-MS metabolite profiling was done on urine samples obtained from 24 healthy volunteers before and 8h after the ingestion of a single meal composed of intrinsically15 N labelled bovine meat, either cooked at 55 °C for 5 min or at 90 °C for 30 min...
February 22, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468774/flexible-parents-joint-effects-of-handicapping-and-brood-size-manipulation-on-female-parental-care-in-nicrophorus-vespilloides
#13
Tom Ratz, Per T Smiseth
Parental care is highly variable, reflecting that parents make flexible decisions in response to variation in the cost of care to themselves and the benefit to their offspring. Much of the evidence that parents respond to such variation derives from handicapping and brood size manipulations, the separate effects of which are well understood. However, little is known about their joint effects. Here we fill this gap by conducting a joint handicapping and brood size manipulation in the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468761/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-ulcerative-colitis-a-case-control-study
#14
S Rashvand, M Behrooz, M Samsamikor, K Jacobson, A Hekmatdoost
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates a role for dietary factors in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns and UC risk. METHODS: Sixty-two newly diagnosed cases of UC and 124 healthy age and sex-matched controls were studied. Data on diet was measured using a validated country-specific food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to define major dietary patterns based on 28 food groups and nutrient content...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468292/compact-devices-for-generation-of-reference-trace-voc-mixtures-a-new-concept-in-assuring-quality-at-chemical-and-biochemical-laboratories
#15
Alessia Demichelis, Céline Pascale, Maricarmen Lecuna, Bernhard Niederhauser, Guido Sassi, Maria Paola Sassi
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in gas mixtures at trace level (nmol/mol) are routinely measured by chemical and biochemical laboratories as climate indicators, indoor air quality pollutants from building materials emissions, contaminants in food and beverages, and biomarkers in body fluids (blood, urine, breath) of occupational exposure or human diseases. Current analytical instruments used for measurements are gas chromatographs equipped with various injector and detector configurations. The assurance of measurement quality is done by using a huge amount of certified liquid VOC standard solutions (or gaseous VOC standard cylinders) with multiple dilutions to reach the required trace level...
February 22, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468148/polyamines-bio-molecules-with-diverse-functions-in-plant-and-human-health-and-disease
#16
REVIEW
Avtar K Handa, Tahira Fatima, Autar K Mattoo
Biogenic amines-polyamines (PAs), particularly putrescine, spermidine and spermine are ubiquitous in all living cells. Their indispensable roles in many biochemical and physiological processes are becoming commonly known, including promoters of plant life and differential roles in human health and disease. PAs positively impact cellular functions in plants-exemplified by increasing longevity, reviving physiological memory, enhancing carbon and nitrogen resource allocation/signaling, as well as in plant development and responses to extreme environments...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#17
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467501/parents-considerable-underestimation-of-sugar-and-their-child-s-risk-of-overweight
#18
Mattea Dallacker, Ralph Hertwig, Jutta Mata
High sugar intake is associated with an increased risk of overweight. For parents, as their children's nutritional gatekeepers, knowledge about sugar is a prerequisite for regulating sugar consumption. Yet little is known about parental ability to estimate the sugar content of foods and beverages and how this ability is associated with children's body mass index (BMI). In 305 parent-child pairs, we investigated to what extent parents systematically under- or overestimate the sugar content of foods and beverages commonly found in children's diets as well as potential associations with children's z-BMI...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467053/randomized-control-trials-demonstrate-that-nutrition-sensitive-social-protection-interventions-increase-the-use-of-multiple-micronutrient-powders-and-iron-supplements-in-rural-pre-school-bangladeshi-children
#19
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a nutrition-sensitive social protection intervention on mothers' knowledge of Fe deficiency, awareness of multiple-micronutrient powders (MMP) and the consumption of MMP and other Fe supplements by their children aged 6-59 months. DESIGN: Two randomized controlled trials with treatment arms including cash transfers, food transfers, cash and food transfers, cash and nutrition behaviour change communication (BCC), and food and nutrition BCC were implemented over two years...
February 22, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466972/is-there-a-causal-effect-of-parity-on-body-composition-a-birth-cohort-study
#20
Bárbara Reis-Santos, Fernando C Barros, Bernardo L Horta
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death, worldwide. Obesity is one of the factors that is associated with the development of such diseases. The role of reproductive factors on women body composition has been evaluated, but the findings are controversial. This study was aimed at assessing the association of parity with body composition among women. METHODS: In 1982, the maternity hospital of Pelotas, a southern Brazilian city, were visited daily and all deliveries were identified...
February 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
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