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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319906/functional-characterization-of-gram-negative-bacteria-from-different-genera-as-multiplex-cadmium-biosensors
#1
Lara Bereza-Malcolm, Sanja Aracic, Ruban Kannan, Gülay Mann, Ashley E Franks
Widespread presence of cadmium in soil and water systems is a consequence of industrial and agricultural processes. Subsequent accumulation of cadmium in food and drinking water can result in accidental consumption of dangerous concentrations. As such, cadmium environmental contamination poses a significant threat to human health. Development of microbial biosensors, as a novel alternative method for in situ cadmium detection, may reduce human exposure by complementing traditional analytical methods. In this study, a multiplex cadmium biosensing construct was assembled by cloning a single-output cadmium biosensor element, cadRgfp, and a constitutively expressed mrfp1 onto a broad-host range vector...
March 16, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319905/a-new-amplified-%C3%AF-shape-electrochemical-aptasensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-aflatoxin-b1
#2
Khalil Abnous, Noor Mohammad Danesh, Mona Alibolandi, Mohammad Ramezani, Ahmad Sarreshtehdar Emrani, Reza Zolfaghari, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
There is a prompt need for determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in food products to avoid distribution and consumption of contaminated food products. In this study, an accurate electrochemical sensing strategy was presented for detection of AFB1 based on aptamer (Apt)-complementary strands of aptamer (CSs) complex which forms a π-shape structure on the surface of electrode and exonuclease I (Exo I). The presence of π-shape structure as a double-layer physical barrier allowed detection of AFB1 with high sensitivity...
March 17, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319598/allium-vegetable-intakes-and-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-hypertension-chronic-kidney-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-in-adults-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#3
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Amir A Momenan, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between habitual consumption of allium vegetables (garlic and onion) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, hypertension (HTN), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Adult men and women, participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (2006-2008 to 2012-2014), were recruited. Habitual dietary intakes were assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319154/effectiveness-of-community-based-complementary-food-supplement-yingyangbao-distribution-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-in-china
#4
Jie Wang, Suying Chang, Liyun Zhao, Wentao Yu, Jian Zhang, Qingqing Man, Li He, Yifan Duan, Hui Wang, Robert Scherpbier, Shi-An Yin
BACKGROUND: Poor growth and micronutrient deficiency mainly attack older infants and young children. Some countries have adopted clinically effective measures to combat malnutrition, but the compliance and improvement in efficacy of intervention vehicles in national programs require evaluation. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after a nutrition intervention program in 3 national poverty counties in China. Soybean-based complementary food supplements called Yingyangbao (YYB) in Chinese and training materials on child feeding were distributed to households with children aged 6-23 months for 18 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319140/role-of-muscle-il-6-in-gender-specific-metabolism-in-mice
#5
Amalia Molinero, Antonio Fernandez-Perez, Aina Mogas, Mercedes Giralt, Gemma Comes, Olaya Fernandez-Gayol, Mario Vallejo, Juan Hidalgo
The aim of the present work was to further explore the physiological roles of muscle-derived IL-6. Adult-floxed and conditional skeletal muscle IL-6 knock out male and female mice were used to study energy expenditure (indirect calorimetry at rest and during treadmill exercise, and body temperature cycle during the light phase) and energy intake (response to fast/refeeding). We also evaluated the responses to leptin and the activity of the insulin signalling pathway in skeletal muscle and liver by phosphorylation of Akt at Ser 473...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319105/link-of-dietary-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
M Mazidi, S Pennathur, F Afshinnia
BACKGROUND: Population-based interventions aimed at halting the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) require thorough understanding of dietary interplays. Objective is to identify the independent dietary nutrients associated with MetS and its components using dietary pattern identification and the single-nutrient approaches in The United States. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observation. Participants are selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with available dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometrical data from 2001 to 2012...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318689/dairy-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#7
Mohammad Talaei, An Pan, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effect of total dairy products, milk, and calcium intake on risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is uncertain, particularly in the Chinese population. METHODS: The present study was based on a prospective cohort of 63,257 Chinese men and women aged 45-74 years during enrollment (1993-1998) in Singapore. Dietary information was obtained using a validated 165-item semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Information about newly diagnosed T2D was collected by self-report during two follow-up interviews in 1999-2004 and 2006-2010...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318688/impact-of-phenylketonuria-type-meal-on-appetite-thermic-effect-of-feeding-and-postprandial-fat-oxidation
#8
Hani Alfheeaid, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Ana-Maria Năstase, Mie Elhauge, Barbara Cochrane, Dalia Malkova
BACKGROUND: Dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU) requires the replacement of natural protein-containing foods with special low protein foods. The effect of a PKU type diet on factors contributing to energy balance requires investigation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of a PKU type meal on appetite ratings, gut appetite hormones, thermic effect of feeding (TEF) and fat oxidation. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy adults (mean ± SD age: 24...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317906/novel-hypophysiotropic-agrp2-neurons-and-pineal-cells-revealed-by-bac-transgenesis-in-zebrafish
#9
Inbal Shainer, Adi Buchshtab, Thomas A Hawkins, Stephen W Wilson, Roger D Cone, Yoav Gothilf
The neuropeptide agouti-related protein (AgRP) is expressed in the arcuate nucleus of the mammalian hypothalamus and plays a key role in regulating food consumption and energy homeostasis. Fish express two agrp genes in the brain: agrp1, considered functionally homologous with the mammalian AgRP, and agrp2. The role of agrp2 and its relationship to agrp1 are not fully understood. Utilizing BAC transgenesis, we generated transgenic zebrafish in which agrp1- and agrp2-expressing cells can be visualized and manipulated...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316232/in-vitro-reduction-of-arsenic-bioavailability-using-dietary-strategies
#10
M J Clemente, V Devesa, D Velez
The main route of human exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) is through consumption of food and water. Continued exposure to inorganic As [As(III) and As(V)] may cause a variety of diseases, including various types of cancer. Removal of As from these sources is complex, especially for food. One way to decrease As exposure could be by reducing intestinal absorption of it. The aim of this study is to seek dietary strategies (pure compounds, extracts, or supplements) that are capable of reducing the amount of As that is absorbed and reaches the systemic circulation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315941/prospective-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-european-children-the-idefics-study
#11
Esther María González-Gil, Gianluca Tognon, Lauren Lissner, Timm Intemann, Valeria Pala, Claudio Galli, Maike Wolters, Alfonso Siani, Toomas Veidebaum, Nathalie Michels, Denes Molnar, Jaakko Kaprio, Yannis Kourides, Arno Fraterman, Licia Iacoviello, Catalina Picó, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar
PURPOSE: This prospective study explores high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in relation to dietary patterns at two time points in European children. METHODS: Out of the baseline sample of the IDEFICS study (n = 16,228), 4020 children, aged 2-9 years at baseline, with available hs-CRP levels and valid data from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline (T0) and 2 years later (T1) were included. K-means clustering algorithm based on the similarities between relative food consumption frequencies of the FFQ was applied...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315892/fortification-of-complementary-foods-a-review-of-products-and-program-delivery
#12
Lynnette M Neufeld, Saskia J M Osendarp, Wendy Gonzalez
Fortified complementary foods (FCF) and home fortificants - single-sachet micronutrient powders (MNP) or small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to be added to a child's food immediately before consumption - have been shown to be efficacious to improve the micronutrient status and some functional outcomes in children 6-23 months of age. The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss the latest advances related to the composition and delivery of FCF products, including home and commercial fortification...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315889/patterns-of-growth-in-early-childhood-and-infectious-disease-and-nutritional-determinants
#13
Robert E Black
The physical growth of young children in low- and middle-income countries is reduced compared to international standards. The deviations in growth in both weight and height are greatest in the first 2 years of life and this has serious consequences for child mortality, development, adult stature, and health. The determinants of these patterns of growth faltering include intergenerational factors, such as maternal height, short birth interval, and conditions in pregnancy, including maternal underweight and anemia...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#14
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315778/need-of-improvement-of-diet-and-life-habits-among-university-student-regardless-of-religion-professed
#15
Silvia Navarro-Prado, Emilio González-Jiménez, Javier S Perona, Miguel A Montero-Alonso, Marta López-Bueno, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle
At present, few studies have assessed the possible influence of culture and religion on healthy eating habits among the university population. The aim of this study was to identify differences in healthy and eating habits among university students of different religions. A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample population of 257 students (22.4 ± 4.76 y) at the campus of the University of Granada in Melilla (Spain). The quality of diet was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet by a validated score (MDS)...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315644/effects-of-buprenorphine-methylnaltrexone-and-their-combination-on-gastrointestinal-transit-in-healthy-new-zealand-white-rabbits
#16
Manuel Martin-Flores, Bhupinder Singh, Courtney A Walsh, Elizabeth P Brooks, Lacic Taylor, Lisa M Mitchell
Among the many analgesic agents available, buprenorphine appears to be the analgesic used most often in rabbits. Unfortunately, deleterious side effects of opioids, such as gastrointestinal stasis and anorexia, may discourage the use of these agents. Methylnaltrexone is a peripheral opioid antagonist that ameliorates opioid-induced gastrointestinal stasis in others species yet preserves the analgesic effects of buprenorphine. We evaluated whether methylnaltrexone reversed buprenorphine-induced gastrointestinal stasis in 8 healthy male New Zealand White rabbits...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315420/eating-behaviour-is-associated-with-eating-frequency-and-food-consumption-in-6-8-year-old-children-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#17
H Jalkanen, V Lindi, U Schwab, S Kiiskinen, T Venäläinen, L Karhunen, T A Lakka, A M Eloranta
The association between eating behaviour and dietary factors has been studied narrowly in children. Therefore, we investigated whether eating frequency and food consumption are influenced by eating behaviour in a population sample of 406 children aged 6-8 years. We assessed features of eating behaviour by the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and dietary factors by a 4-day food record. The results showed that enjoyment of food was directly associated with a number of main meals (p = 0.041) and consumption of vegetables (p = 0...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315418/importance-of-perceived-naturalness-for-acceptance-of-food-additives-and-cultured-meat
#18
Michael Siegrist, Bernadette Sütterlin
Four experiments examined some factors influencing the perceived naturalness of food products and their biasing effect on risk perception. The results of Experiment 1a showed that three food additives displaying their respective E-numbers (i.e., codes for food additives in the European Union and Switzerland) decreased perceived naturalness. Experiment 1b demonstrated that mentioning possible health effects decreased the perceived naturalness of a plant-based food additive. This experiment further showed that it would not matter for perceived naturalness whether the food was synthetic or nature-identical...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314053/fish-for-dinner-balancing-risks-benefits-and-values-in-formulating-food-consumption-advice
#19
Karen Rideout, Tom Kosatsky
Many and complex factors underlie seemingly simple decisions about what to eat. This is particularly so for foods such as fish, which present consumers with both risks and benefits. Advice about what type of and how much fish to consume is abundant, but that advice is often confusing or contradictory, reflecting the differing mandates and orientations of those advising. We survey a range of issues that can and should be incorporated into dietary advice, and offer tools for health agencies tasked with providing it...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304346/consumption-of-fruit-or-fiber-fruit-decreases-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-mediterranean-young-cohort
#20
Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Miguel Angel Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Javier Díez-Espino, Ana García-Arellano, Estefania Toledo
Fiber and fiber-rich foods have been inversely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the evidence is scarce in young and Mediterranean cohorts. We used Cox regression models to assess the association between quintiles of total fiber and fiber from different sources, and the risk of CVD adjusted for the principal confounding factors in a Mediterranean cohort of young adults, the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra, Follow-up) cohort. After a median follow-up of 10.3 years, we observed 112 cases of CVD among 17,007 participants (61% female, mean age 38 years)...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
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