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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325480/low-back-pain-and-sciatica-in-over-16s-assessment-and-management-nice-guideline-ng59
#1
Tarcisio Folly de Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321267/is-endocarditis-prophylaxis-for-dental-procedures-necessary
#2
COMMENT
Kathryn A Taubert, Walter Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose is to address whether antimicrobial prophylaxis is necessary before certain dental procedures for patients at increased risk for acquiring infective endocarditis (IE). METHODS: We reviewed recommendations for IE prophylaxis made by the American Heart Association (AHA) from 1995 to the present time. We also compared and contrasted the current recommendations from the AHA, European Society of Cardiology (ESC), United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and a consortium of French organisations...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299896/is-behavioural-activation-effective-in-the-treatment-of-depression-in-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Lucy Tindall, Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Dean McMillan, Barry Wright, Catherine Hewitt, Samantha Gascoyne
PURPOSE: Depression is currently the leading cause of illness and disability in young people. Evidence suggests that behavioural activation (BA) is an effective treatment for depression in adults but less research focuses on its application with young people. This review therefore examined whether BA is effective in the treatment of depression in young people. METHODS: A systematic review (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews reference: CRD42015020453), following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, was conducted to examine studies that had explored behavioural interventions for young people with depression...
March 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295782/multicenter-screening-for-preeclampsia-by-maternal-factors-and-biomarkers-at-11-13-weeks-gestation-comparison-to-nice-guidelines-and-acog-recommendations
#4
Neil O' Gorman, David Wright, Liona C Poon, Daniel L Rolnik, Argyro Syngelaki, Mercedes de Alvarado, Ilma F Carbone, Vivien Dutemeyer, Madgalena Fiolna, Alex Frick, Natalia Karagiotis, Sofia Mastrodima, Catalina de Paco Matallana, George Papaioannou, Andrea Pazos, Walter Plasencia, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of screening for preeclampsia (PE) based on risk factors from the medical history, as recommended by NICE and ACOG, with the method proposed by the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF), which uses Bayes theorem to combine the a priori risk from maternal factors, derived by a multivariable logistic model, with the results of various combinations of biophysical and biochemical measurements. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter study of screening for PE in 8,775 singleton pregnancies at 11-13 weeks' gestation...
March 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295773/a-study-protocol-for-the-prospective-validation-study-screening-programme-for-pre-eclampsia-spree
#5
Min Yi Tan, Lemonia Koutoulas, David Wright, Kypros H Nicolaides, Liona C Poon
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (PE), which affects about 2% of pregnancies, is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early detection of PE can improve pregnancy outcome by providing timely intervention and closer monitoring. The current guideline from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that at the booking visit, women identified with one major risk factor or more than one moderate risk factor for PE should be advised to take low-dose aspirin daily from 12 weeks until the birth of the baby...
March 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286827/doing-pre-operative-investigations-in-emergency-department-a-clinical-audit
#6
Muhammad Salman Rafiq, Maria Rafiq, Muhammad Imran Rafiq, Seema Gul Salman, Sania Hafeez
INTRODUCTION: Pre-operative investigations for emergency surgical patients differ between centers. Following established guidelines can reduce unnecessary investigation, cost of treatment and hospital stay. The present audit was carried out to evaluate the condition of doing pre-operative investigations for three common surgical emergencies compared to National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines and local criteria. METHODS: A retrospective clinical audit of acute-appendicitis, abscess and hernia patients admitted to the emergency department was carried out over a one-year period from July 2014 to July 2015...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276200/vasomotor-symptoms-due-to-natural-menopause-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-nma-of-treatment-effects-from-the-nice-menopause-guideline
#7
Grammati Sarri, Hugo Pedder, Sofia Dias, Yelan Guo, Mary Ann Lumsden
BACKGROUND: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are the hallmarks of menopause, occurring in approximately 75% of postmenopausal women in the UK and are severe in 25%. OBJECTIVES: To identify which treatments are most clinically effective for the relief of VMS for non-hysterectomized women in natural menopause. SEARCH STRATEGY: English publications in MEDLINE, Embase and The Cochrane Library up to 13(th) January 2015 were searched. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized trials (RCTs) of treatments for women with a uterus for the outcomes of frequency of VMS (up to 26 weeks), vaginal bleeding and discontinuation...
March 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270884/critical-imperative-for-the-reform-of-british-interpretation-of-fetal-heart-rate-decelerations-analysis-of-figo-and-nice-guidelines-post-truth-foundations-cognitive-fallacies-myths-and-occam-s-razor
#8
REVIEW
Shashikant L Sholapurkar
Cardiotocography (CTG) has disappointingly failed to show good predictability for fetal acidemia or neonatal outcomes in several large studies. A complete rethink of CTG interpretation will not be out of place. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are the most common deviations, benign as well as manifestation of impending fetal hypoxemia/acidemia, much more commonly than FHR baseline or variability. Their specific nomenclature is important (center-stage) because it provides the basic concepts and framework on which the complex "pattern recognition" of CTG interpretation by clinicians depends...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259379/displaced-intracapsular-neck-of-femur-fractures-outcome-of-810-hydroxyapetite-coated-hac-uncemented-hemiarthroplasties
#9
S Z Nawaz, A J Keightley, A Desai, J Granville-Chapman, D Elliott, K Newman, A Khaleel
A Cochrane review influenced new NICE guidelines, which recommended surgeons: Offer cemented implants to patients undergoing surgery with arthroplasty. However our trust routinely uses HAC uncemented stem (Taperloc(®), Biomet) hemiarthroplasties. A review of a consecutive series of uncemented HAC stem hemiarthroplasties including measures such as intro-operative complications, mortality and revision surgery. Prospectively collected data between January 2008 and June 2014 was used, with medical record and radiographic reviews performed...
October 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250962/the-herts-and-minds-study-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-as-an-intervention-for-children-in-foster-care-with-emotional-and-or-behavioural-problems-a-phase-ii-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Helen Dye, Pasco Fearon, Tim Gale, Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Karen Irvine, Joyce Robinson, Solange Wyatt, David Wellsted, Sally Wood
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of children in the social care system in England present with mental health problems, with the majority experiencing some form of emotional and behavioural difficulties. The most effective treatments for these children are currently unknown, partly due to a lack of robust, controlled studies. Researchers have identified a number of obstacles to conducting well-designed research with this population, making the need to test the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial especially important...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249592/a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-the-non-inferiority-of-counselling-for-depression-versus-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-in-primary-care-meeting-a-diagnosis-of-moderate-or-severe-depression-practiced-study-protocol-for-a-randomised
#11
David Saxon, Kate Ashley, Lindsey Bishop-Edwards, Janice Connell, Phillippa Harrison, Sally Ohlsen, Gillian E Hardy, Stephen Kellett, Clara Mukuria, Toni Mank, Peter Bower, Mike Bradburn, John Brazier, Robert Elliott, Lynne Gabriel, Michael King, Stephen Pilling, Sue Shaw, Glenn Waller, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: NICE guidelines state cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a front-line psychological treatment for people presenting with depression in primary care. Counselling for Depression (CfD), a form of Person-Centred Experiential therapy, is also offered within Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services for moderate depression but its effectiveness for severe depression has not been investigated. A full-scale randomised controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of CfD is required...
March 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239925/insomnia-management-in-prisons-in-england-and-wales-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Lindsay H Dewa, Lamiece Hassan, Jenny J Shaw, Jane Senior
Insomnia in prison is common; however, research is limited regarding the management strategies that prison establishments employ. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted a survey to identify how insomnia is detected, diagnosed and treated in adult prisons in England and Wales. Telephone interviews with a purposive sample of health-care managers were then conducted. The survey was sent to all establishments holding adult prisoners, covering screening and assessment methods to detect insomnia; treatment options, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological; the importance of insomnia as a treatable condition; and staff training available...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235642/national-survey-of-neurosurgeons-and-stroke-physicians-on-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#13
Pallavi Basu, Harri Jenkins, Kevin Tsang, Vejay N Vakharia
BACKGROUND: Several studies have evaluated the use of decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) in malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI). In the United Kingdom (UK), the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has set criteria for selection of patients for DHC in MMCAI. We set out to survey the attitudes and practice of neurosurgeons and stroke physicians within the UK towards DHC in MMCAI. METHODS: An electronic survey of questions on management of MMCAI in various clinical scenarios was submitted to the academic committees of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SBNS) and the British Association of Stroke Physicians (BASP) for approval, prior to dissemination through the consultant members...
February 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220581/effect-of-organizational-features-on-patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-italian-multiple-sclerosis-centres
#14
K Mattarozzi, E Baldin, C Zenesini, A Solari, M P Amato, M Leone, G Mancardi, V Martinelli, G Savettieri, C Solaro, M R Tola, R D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Receiving clear, complete and up-to-date information and having a satisfying relationship with the health professional (HP) are of primary importance for MS patients. Healthcare organization plays a key role in promoting an effective relationship and communication between patients and HPs. The present study aims to explore which care organization and service characteristics provided by Italian MS centres best predict patients' satisfaction with healthcare. METHODS: Eighty-one centres and 707 patients (502 women, mean age 40...
April 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215649/measurement-of-generic-compared-with-disease-specific-quality-of-life-after-removal-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-patient-centred-evaluation
#15
A N Beech, S Haworth, G J Knepil
Our aim was to evaluate patients' perceptions and their responsiveness to a generic quality of life (QoL) scale after removal of mandibular third molars. We asked 40 consecutive patients who met NICE guidelines for removal of third molars to rank items from the generic EuroQuol three-dimensional questionnaire (EQ 5D 3L) and the disease-specific Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) based on what they perceived to be important outcomes. Each item was then assigned a numerical value that depended on its rank, and an overall score calculated...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213597/retrospective-examination-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-patterns-in-a-real-world-high-risk-cohort-in-the-uk-in-2014-comparison-with-the-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-nice-2014-lipid-modification-guidelines
#16
Dylan L Steen, Irfan Khan, David Ansell, Robert J Sanchez, Kausik K Ray
BACKGROUND: In 2014, guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) provided updated recommendations on lipid-modifying therapy (LMT). We assessed clinical practice contemporaneous to release of these guidelines in a UK general practice setting for secondary and high-risk primary-prevention populations, and extrapolated the findings to UK nation level. METHODS: Patients from The Health Improvement Network database with the following criteria were included: lipid profile in 2014 (index date); ≥20 years of age; ≥2 years representation in database prior to index; ≥1 statin indication either for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) or the non-ASCVD conditions high-risk diabetes mellitus and/or chronic kidney disease...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212146/multimodal-analgesia-for-acute-postoperative-and-trauma-related-pain
#17
Rosemary C Polomano, Mechele Fillman, Nicholas A Giordano, April Hazard Vallerand, Kelly L Wiltse Nicely, Carla R Jungquist
: Multimodal analgesia, which combines analgesic drugs from different classes and employs analgesic techniques that target different mechanisms of pain, is recommended in the treatment of acute postoperative and trauma-related pain because its synergistic effect maximizes pain relief at lower analgesic doses, thereby reducing the risk of adverse drug effects. Using a case-based approach, this article reviews various multimodal analgesic therapies used in the treatment of acute pain; discusses their benefits; and summarizes findings from related research, recommendations from evidence-based practice guidelines, and expert consensus reports...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211155/utah-obstetricians-opinions-of-planned-home-birth-and-conflicting-nice-acog-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#18
Emily Rainey, Sara Simonsen, Joseph Stanford, Kimberley Shoaf, Jami Baayd
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently published recommendations that support planned home birth for low-risk women. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) remains wary of planned home birth, asserting that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest birth settings. Our objective was to examine opinions of obstetricians in Salt Lake City, Utah about home birth in the context of rising home birth rates and conflicting guidelines...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198038/likelihood-of-cesarean-delivery-after-applying-leading-active-labor-diagnostic-guidelines
#19
Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe, Julia C Phillippi, Sharon L Ryan, Amy M Knupp, Mary S Dietrich, Stephen F Thung
BACKGROUND: Friedman, the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) support different active labor diagnostic guidelines. Our aims were to compare likelihoods for cesarean delivery among women admitted before vs in active labor by diagnostic guideline (within-guideline comparisons) and between women admitted in active labor per one or more of the guidelines (between-guideline comparisons)...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193617/prescribing-tamoxifen-in-primary-care-for-the-prevention-of-breast-cancer-a-national-online-survey-of-gps-attitudes
#20
Samuel G Smith, Robbie Foy, Jennifer A McGowan, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Andrea de Censi, Karen Brown, Lucy Side, Jack Cuzick
BACKGROUND: The cancer strategy for England (2015-2020) recommends GPs prescribe tamoxifen for breast cancer primary prevention among women at increased risk. AIM: To investigate GPs' attitudes towards prescribing tamoxifen. DESIGN AND SETTING: In an online survey, GPs in England, Northern Ireland, and Wales (n = 928) were randomised using a 2 × 2 between-subjects design to read one of four vignettes describing a healthy patient seeking a tamoxifen prescription...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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