Read by QxMD icon Read


Tao Liu, Yixiang Liao, Huangheng Tao, Jinmin Zeng, Gang Wang, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Yu Xiao, Jiajie Zhou, Xinghuan Wang
Several studies have shown that transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8 (TRPM8), which has been regarded as a novel prostate-specific marker, serves a key role in processes such as the proliferation, viability and cell migration of prostate cancer cells. Efforts have been made to uncover the potential role of targeting TRPM8 in the management of prostate cancer; it has been verified that TRPM8-targeted blockade, either by RNA interference-mediated depletion or specific TRPM8 inhibitors, could reduce the rate of proliferation and proliferative fraction, and induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Tong Sun, Shin-Yi Du, Joshua Armenia, Fangfang Qu, Jingyu Fan, Xiaodong Wang, Teng Fei, Kazumasa Komura, Shirley X Liu, Gwo-Shu Mary Lee, Philip W Kantoff
Mechanisms by which non-coding RNAs contribute to the progression of hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (PCa) (HSPC) to castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) remain largely unknown. We previously showed that microRNA-221/222 is up-regulated in CRPC and plays a critical role in modulating androgen receptor function during CRPC development. With further investigation, we characterized a putative promoter region located 23.3 kb upstream of the miR-221/222 gene, and this promoter is differentially activated in CRPC LNCaP-Abl cells, leading to the up-regulation of miR-221/222...
March 13, 2018: Oncogenesis
Ryuji Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Osawa, Yusuke Sasaki, Shogo Yamamoto, Motonobu Anai, Kouji Izumi, Yoshihiro Matsumura, Juro Sakai, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Atsushi Mizokami, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Toshiya Tanaka
The non-POU domain-containing octamer binding protein p54nrb /NONO is a multifunctional nuclear protein involved in RNA splicing, processing, and transcriptional regulation of nuclear hormone receptors. Through chromosome copy number analysis via whole-exome sequencing, we revealed amplification of the chromosome Xq11.22-q21.33 locus containing the androgen receptor ( AR ) and NONO genes in androgen-independent, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-like LNCaP-SF cells. Moreover, NONO was frequently amplified and overexpressed in patients with CRPC...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Christian D Fankhauser, Peter J Schüffler, Silke Gillessen, Aurelius Omlin, Niels J Rupp, Jan H Rueschoff, Thomas Hermanns, Cedric Poyet, Tullio Sulser, Holger Moch, Peter J Wild
Background: We aimed to analyze the frequency and distribution of PD-L1 expression in specimens from prostate cancer (PC) patients using two different anti-PD-L1 antibodies (E1L3N, SP263). Materials and Methods: PD-L1 immunohistochemistry was performed in a tissue microarray consisting of 82 castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) specimens, 70 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) specimens, 96 localized PC cases, and 3 PC cell lines, using two different antibodies (clones E1L3N, and SP263)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Guoyu Yu, Chien-Jui Cheng, Song-Chang Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Daniel E Frigo, Li-Yuan Yu-Lee, Gary E Gallick, Mark A Titus, Leta K Nutt, Sue-Hwa Lin
Although emerging evidence suggests a potential role of calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) in prostate cancer (PCa), its role in PCa tumorigenesis is largely unknown. Here we examine whether the acetyl CoA-CaMKII pathway, first described in frog oocytes, promotes PCa tumorigenesis. In human PCa specimens, metastatic PCa expressed higher levels of active CaMKII compared to localized PCa. Correspondingly, basal CaMKII activity was significantly higher in the more tumorigenic PC3 and PC3-mm2 cells relative to the less tumorigenic LNCaP and C4-2B4 cells...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Research
Y Wang, W Guo, H Xu, X Zhu, T Yu, Z Jiang, Q Jiang, X Gang
The study aimed to identify the pivotal genes and pathways involved in prostate cancer metastasis. Using the expression profile dataset GSE7930, downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between primary and highly metastatic prostate cell samples were screened, followed by functional analysis and tumor associated genes (TAG) screening. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEGs was constructed and module analysis was performed. The expression of DEGs and pathway related genes were evaluated by PCR analysis and the migra- tion ability of prostate tumor cells was observed after FABP4-siRNA blocking...
2018: Neoplasma
Alicia Bort, Sergio Quesada, Ágata Ramos-Torres, Marta Gargantilla, Eva María Priego, Sophie Raynal, Franck Lepifre, Jose M Gasalla, Nieves Rodriguez-Henche, Ana Castro, Inés Díaz-Laviada
The key metabolic sensor adenosine monophosphate-dependent kinase (AMPK) has emerged as a promising therapeutic target for cancer prevention and treatment. Besides its role in energy homeostasis, AMPK blocks cell cycle, regulates autophagy and suppresses the anabolic processes required for rapid cell growth. AMPK is especially relevant in prostate cancer in which activation of lipogenic pathways correlate with tumor progression and aggressiveness. This study reports the discovery of a new series of 2-oxindole derivatives whose AMPK modulatory ability, as well as the antitumoral profile in prostate cancer cells, was evaluated...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shayna E Thomas-Jardin, Mohammed S Kanchwala, Joan Jacob, Sana Merchant, Rachel K Meade, Nagham M Gahnim, Afshan F Nawas, Chao Xing, Nikki A Delk
BACKGROUND: In immunosurveillance, bone-derived immune cells infiltrate the tumor and secrete inflammatory cytokines to destroy cancer cells. However, cancer cells have evolved mechanisms to usurp inflammatory cytokines to promote tumor progression. In particular, the inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1 (IL-1), is elevated in prostate cancer (PCa) patient tissue and serum, and promotes PCa bone metastasis. IL-1 also represses androgen receptor (AR) accumulation and activity in PCa cells, yet the cells remain viable and tumorigenic; suggesting that IL-1 may also contribute to AR-targeted therapy resistance...
March 11, 2018: Prostate
Ewelina Wieczorek, Dariusz T Mlynarczyk, Malgorzata Kucinska, Jolanta Dlugaszewska, Jaroslaw Piskorz, Lukasz Popenda, Wojciech Szczolko, Stefan Jurga, Marek Murias, Jadwiga Mielcarek, Tomasz Goslinski
5,7-Diaryl-substituted symmetrical diazepinoporphyrazine and tribenzodiazepinoporphyrazine were synthesized and characterized using UV-Vis, MS MALDI, and various NMR techniques. The expected photosensitizing potentials of these porphyrazines were evaluated by measuring their abilities to generate singlet oxygen in organic solvents and by comparing them with that of the recently obtained dendrimeric G1-type diazepinoporhyrazine. Absorbance and fluorescence measurements were performed to study the aggregation properties of the novel macrocycles...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Raphael Dutour, Rene Maltais, Martin Perreault, Jenny Roy, Donald Poirier
RM-133 belongs to a new family of aminosteroid derivatives demonstrating interesting anticancer properties, as confirmed in vivo in four mouse cancer xenograft models. However, the metabolic stability of RM-133 needs to be improved. After investigation, the replacement of its androstane scaffold by a more stable estrane scaffold led to the development of the mestranol derivative RM-581. Using solid-phase strategy involving five steps, we quickly synthesized a series of RM-581 analogs using the recently-developed diethylsilyl acetylenic linker...
March 7, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Qiang Feng, Peng He, Yu Wang
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignant cancers in male and docetaxel is commonly used as an effective chemotherapeutic drug for PCa patients. However, docetaxel resistance inhibits the therapeutic effect of this agent, thus investigating the mechanism of chemoresistance to docetaxel of PCa may help to improve the prognosis of PCa patients. In our present study, we found that miR-223-3p was up-regulated in PCa cell lines (C4-2, LNCap, PC3, DU-145). Transfection with miR-223-3p inhibitor increased chemo-sensitivity to docetaxel and cell apoptosis rate in PCa cells compared with docetaxel + miR-223-3p mock group, especially in DU-145 cells which were more resistant to docetaxel...
March 5, 2018: Gene
Huilei Dong, Hongfei Chen, Juqian Jiang, Hui Zhang, Chenxin Cai, Qingming Shen
Sensitive and specific detection of tumor exosomes is of great significance for early cancer diagnosis. In this paper, we report an aptamer strategy for exosome detection based on aptamer recognition-induced multi-DNA release and cyclic enzymatic amplification. First, we use aptamer-magnetic bead bioconjugates to capture tumor exosomes derived from LNCaP cells, leading to the release of three kinds of messenger DNAs (mDNAs). After magnetic separation, the released mDNAs hybridized with the probe DNAs immobilized on a gold electrode...
March 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Bagora Bayala, Imaël H N Bassole, Salwan Maqdasy, Silvère Baron, Jacques Simpore, Jean-Marc A Lobaccaro
Cymbopogon species are used as traditional remedies in Burkina Faso for treating several diseases. We aimed to study the effects of their essential oils on cancer cell lines. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. were studied for their essential oils after various chemical extractions. Antioxidant, potential anti-inflammatory action (inhibition of lipoxygenase) and cytotoxic activities were also tested on various prostate cancer and glioblastoma cell lines. Thirty-three compounds were identified in the essential oil of C...
February 28, 2018: Biochimie
David Wetherell, Graham S Baldwin, Arthur Shulkes, Damien Bolton, Joseph Ischia, Oneel Patel
Zinc ions (Zn2+ ) are known to influence cell survival and proliferation. However the homeostatic regulation of Zn2+ and their role in prostate cancer (PC) progression is poorly understood. Therefore the subcellular distribution and uptake of Zn2+ in PC cells were investigated. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy and fluorescent microscopy with the Zn2+ -specific fluorescent probe FluoZin-3 were used to quantify total and free Zn2+ , respectively, in the normal prostate epithelial cell line (PNT1A) and three human PC cell lines (PC3, DU145 and LNCaP)...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Jian Cui, Yanqing Wang, Baijun Dong, Lixia Qin, Chao Wang, Peijie Zhou, Xue Wang, Huiming Xu, Wei Xue, Yu-Xiang Fang, Wei-Qiang Gao
Although androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a standard treatment for metastatic prostate cancer, this disease inevitably recurs and progresses to ADT-resistant stage after this therapy. Accordingly, understanding the mechanism of resistance to ADT and finding new approach to enhance the efficacy of ADT may provide a major benefit to PCa patients. In this study, we found upregulated expression of Notch receptors is positive associated with ADT-resistance progression. Using fluorescent Notch signaling reporter system, we observed that endogenous Notch signaling could be activated after treatment of androgen deprivation in LNCaP cells via activation of Notch3...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Wanli Zhao, Xudong Zhou, Guisong Qi, Yuexian Guo
Curcumin is a component of turmeric and is isolated from the rhizomes of the plant Curcuma longa. Curcumin was reported to have therapeutic effects on prostate cancer. Yet the molecular mechanism of curcumin remains unclear. In this study, mouse prostate cancer xenograft model was established and subjected to curcumin treatment. GST-c-Jun pull down kinase assays were performed to study the phospho-c-Jun level. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay kit was utilized to detect the cell viability. Immunoblotting and qRT-PCR were performed for target gene expression analysis...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Bhakti R Pathak, Ananya A Breed, Priyanka Deshmukh, Smita D Mahale
Cysteine-rich secretory protein 3 (CRISP3) is one of the most upregulated genes in prostate cancer. Androgen receptor (AR) plays an important role not only in initial stages of prostate cancer development but also in the advanced stage of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Role of AR in regulation of CRISP3 expression is not yet known. In order to understand the regulation of CRISP3 expression, various overlapping fragments of CRISP3 promoter were cloned in pGL3 luciferase reporter vector. All constructs were transiently and stably transfected in PC3 (CRISP3 negative) and LNCaP (CRISP3 positive) cell lines and promoter activity was measured by luciferase assay...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Hong Chen, Xue Liang, Tao Sun, Xiaoguang Qiao, Zhou Zhan, Ziyong Li, Chaojun He, Huiyuan Ya, Mu Yuan
A series of new estrone derivatives were designed and synthesized, and their structures were confirmed by spectroscopic methods. All new estrone derivatives were investigated for their in vitro cytotoxic efficacies against a panel of three human prostate cancer cell lines (PC-3, LNCaP, and DU145). The derivatives 6, 7, 10, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 24 and 26 showed important cytotoxic actions against individual carcinoma cell line collections. Moreover, antagonistic activities of compounds (7, 15, 16 and 21) towards a1 -ARs (α1A , α1B , and α1D ) were further evaluated using dual-luciferase reporter assays, and the compounds 16 and 21 exhibited better a1 -ARs subtype selectivity...
February 21, 2018: Steroids
Folake A Egbewande, Martin C Sadowski, Claire Levrier, Kaylyn D Tousignant, Jonathan M White, Mark J Coster, Colleen C Nelson, Rohan A Davis
The naturally occurring pentacyclic diterpenoid gibberellic acid (1) was used in the generation of a drug-like amide library using parallel-solution-phase synthesis. Prior to the synthesis, a virtual library was generated and prioritized based on drug-like physicochemical parameters such as log P, hydrogen bond donor/acceptor counts, and molecular weight. The structures of the synthesized analogues (2-13) were elucidated following analysis of the NMR, MS, UV, and IR data. Compound 12 afforded crystalline material, and its structure was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Sven Stadlbauer, Carmen Steinborn, Amy Klemd, Fumihiko Hattori, Ken Ohmori, Keisuke Suzuki, Roman Huber, Philipp Wolf, Carsten Gründemann
Among the known or suspected risk factors, inflammation plays an important role in infectious and non-infectious pathways leading to cancer. Green tea polyphenols have been associated with reducing inflammation and protection against carcinogenesis, especially in prostate cancer. While most of the research in this field, so far, has focussed on epigallocatechin-3- O -gallate only, we studied epicatechin-3- O -gallate, the second most abundant green tea polyphenol with essential therapeutic potential, to obtain a more detailed understanding of its anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory action...
February 21, 2018: Planta Medica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"