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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#1
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329723/prolonged-grief-and-cognitive-decline-a-prospective-population-based-study-in-middle-aged-and-older-persons
#2
Heidi C Saavedra Pérez, M Arfan Ikram, Nese Direk, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Bereavement can result in unresolved and prolonged grief, often termed prolonged grief disorder (PGD). The impact of PGD on cognitive functioning is poorly understood. The aim of the study was to compare the cognitive decline, assessed by repeated measures of different cognition domains, between persons with normal and PGD and a non-grieving reference population in a 7-year follow-up study. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3126 non-demented persons, mean age: 64 years, of the Rotterdam Study...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329064/user-acceptability-of-the-diagnosis-of-prolonged-grief-disorder-how-do-professionals-think-about-inclusion-in-icd-11
#3
Leonie Dietl, Birgit Wagner, Thomas Fydrich
BACKGROUND: For the next edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) it is proposed to include prolonged grief disorder as a new diagnosis. The diagnosis describes persistent intensive and disabling grief reactions to bereavement (WHO, 2016b). The aim of the present survey was to determine the extent to which the diagnosis is accepted by practitioners in the healthcare and psychosocial field. METHODS: A total of 2088 German-speaking professionals in the fields of psychotherapy, psychology, counselling, medicine and palliative care completed the online survey...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328948/psychopathology-and-episodic-future-thinking-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-specificity-and-episodic-detail
#4
D J Hallford, D W Austin, K Takano, F Raes
Episodic future thinking (EFT) refers to the mental simulation of future events that might be personally-experienced; a crucial mental process in adaptation. Psychiatric disorders are associated with deficits in recalling episodic memory, however, no study has reviewed the empirical literature to assess for similar deficits in EFT. A systematic review comparing psychiatric groups with control groups on the specificity and episodic detail of EFT returned 19 eligible studies. An overall effect of g = -0.84 (95%CI = -1...
January 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323525/embitterment-and-bereavement-the-sewol-ferry-accident-example
#5
Jeong-Ho Chae, Hyu Jung Huh, Won Joon Choi
OBJECTIVE: On Wednesday, April 16, 2014, 261 high school students on a field trip died in the sinking of the Sewol ferry. The bereaved family of the Sewol ferry accident experienced one of the most painful traumatic losses such as the sudden death of one's child through an accident. This article reviewed and discussed embitterment related to traumatic loss through the example of the Sewol ferry accident. METHOD: Embitterment-related issues and problems in coping with the accident that is caused by societal factors were described...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323407/behind-the-lines-toward-an-aesthetic-framework-for-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy
#6
Billie A Pivnick
This article describes the author's development of an aesthetic approach to psychoanalytic psychotherapy of patients suffering from traumatic levels of grief by describing her experiences as a patient, a therapist, and a consultant to the design firm that partnered with the National September 11 Memorial and Museum. Using Aristotle's On Poetics as an inspiration, this article explores the ways dialogical storytelling creates a therapeutic "action-plot" that transforms reversals of fortune. Attending to patients' first-person phenomenological experience (without attributing cause), therapists help them transform their losses by listening to their stories...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321000/care-quality-following-intrauterine-death-in-spanish-hospitals-results-from-an-online-survey
#7
Paul Richard Cassidy
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate practices in Spanish hospitals after intrauterine death in terms of medical/ technical care and bereavement support care. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study using an online self-completion questionnaire. The population was defined as women who had experienced an intrauterine fetal death between sixteen weeks and birth, either through spontaneous late miscarriage/stillbirth or termination of pregnancy for medical reasons...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314437/prolonged-grief-disorder-and-depression-are-distinct-for-caregivers-across-their-first-bereavement-year
#8
Wei-I Tsai, Su-Ching Kuo, Fur-Hsing Wen, Holly G Prigerson, Siew Tzuh Tang
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and depression are recognized as distinct emotional-distress disorders for bereaved family caregivers. However, this distinction has been mostly validated in cross-sectional studies, neglecting the dynamic characteristics of bereaved caregivers' emotional distress. OBJECTIVE: To validate the distinction between symptoms of PGD and depression across the first bereavement year for family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients...
January 4, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313796/pathfinders-promoting-healthy-adjustment-in-bereaved-children-and-families
#9
Brook Griese, Michaeleen Burns, Samantha A Farro
Pathfinders is a 10-session program developed in a community setting to creatively address the diverse needs of bereaved children and families, prevent complications of grief and trauma, and promote healthy adaptation. It is an accessible, grief-focused and trauma-informed family systems model that is theory-driven, research-informed, and grounded in practice-based evidence. Pathfinders incorporates principles central to narrative approaches, with a focus on restorative processes for helping children and families stay on track developmentally...
January 9, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313758/introduction-to-the-special-section-integrative-approaches-for-treating-violent-loss-survivors
#10
Joah L Williams, Alyssa A Rheingold
Survivors of sudden, traumatic death are at risk for a variety of bereavement-related mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and prolonged grief disorder. Because these conditions often cooccur, traumatic grief interventions are generally designed to be transdiagnostic, integrative treatments that combine techniques designed to treat a wide range of mood and anxiety symptoms. In this special section, expert clinicians and researchers present a series of papers describing new, integrative treatment models for violently bereaved children and adults and also describe ways that integrative treatments can be enhanced using peer support...
January 9, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304364/systematic-review-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-a-parallel-synthesis-approach
#11
REVIEW
Jane Ireson, Georgina Jones, Matthew C Winter, Stephen C Radley, Barry W Hancock, John A Tidy
Gestational trophoblastic disease is a rare complication of pregnancy that can develop into cancer. Medical outcomes of gestational trophoblastic disease are well researched, but the effect of the disease on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) requires attention if care is to be improved. This systematic review was designed to establish the effect of gestational trophoblastic disease and its treatment on HRQOL and to identify the appropriateness of HRQOL measures. Quantitative studies found HRQOL in long-term survivors of gestational trophoblastic disease to be at or above population norms...
January 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300145/survivors-perspectives-on-a-modular-approach-to-traumatic-grief-treatment
#12
Joah L Williams, Alyssa A Rheingold, Liana J McNallan, Alice W Knowlton
Understanding survivors' perspectives on treatment is important in a patient-centered approach to developing interventions for traumatic loss. Focus groups were conducted with 23 motor vehicle crash, suicide, and homicide survivors. Survivors' attitudes toward a modular treatment for traumatic loss were assessed. This study also sought to explore survivors' perspectives on the acceptability of existing evidence-based practice elements in the treatment of bereavement-related mental health problems. Qualitative analyses suggest that survivors liked a modular treatment approach and agreed that existing practice elements could be useful in addressing bereavement-related concerns...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300144/grief-poetry-and-the-sweet-unexpected
#13
Richard Gold, Elizabeth Jordan
This paper explains the healing benefits, the "sweet unexpected" of the title, which results from using poetry to engage trauma, including traumatic grief. The benefits of poetry are presented alongside a discussion of a 22-year-old nonprofit called The Pongo Poetry Project. The sweet unexpected includes the ease with which trauma survivors engage their trauma narrative, the critical insights that emerge in poetry, the beneficial social context of sharing poetry, and the healing benefits of poetry for writers, care providers, and readers alike...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300139/surviving-families-of-military-suicide-loss-exploring-postvention-peer-support
#14
Jill Harrington-LaMorie, John R Jordan, Kim Ruocco, Julie Cerel
The United States military began to experience a steady increase in suicide rates across all service branches at the inception of the wars in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003). As the number of suicide deaths increased, so did the number of affected survivors who seek postvention support. Unique issues that accompany suicide death may expose survivors to a more distressing and complicated grief process. Peer support has clinically been observed to be widely utilized by suicide loss survivors. This article explores unique issues accompanying military suicide loss, potential benefits of postvention peer-based support, clinical considerations, and future directions...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#15
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294998/social-and-contextual-influences-on-mental-health-following-an-episode-of-mass-violence
#16
Erika D Felix, Stephanie A Moore, Haley Meskunas, Antoniya Terzieva
Few studies explore how the recovery context following an episode of mass violence affects posttragedy mental health (MH), despite clear implications for developing posttrauma supports. Following a mass murder, this prospective, longitudinal study examined how reactions to media coverage, family reactions, and disappointment in social support influenced posttragedy MH (posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety), above and beyond the influence of pretragedy MH, pretragedy victimization, and objective exposure...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289026/45-180-ways-to-have-persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-yet-only-48-ways-to-have-prolonged-grief-disorder
#17
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Maarten C Eisma
Persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) is a condition for further study in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5. Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) will likely be included in the International Classification of Diseases'-11. While it has been argued that PCBD and PGD cover the same diagnostic entity, their symptom count differs. A higher symptom count may increase the complexity of diagnostic algorithm and thereby the symptom profile heterogeneity of a disorder. Using binomial equations, a nearly thousand-fold difference in possible symptom profiles to meet PGD versus PCBD criteria was demonstrated, showing both disorders may differ more than just semantically...
December 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288285/stigma-in-the-context-of-pregnancy-termination-after-diagnosis-of-fetal-anomaly-associations-with-grief-trauma-and-depression
#18
Franz Hanschmidt, Julia Treml, Johanna Klingner, Holger Stepan, Anette Kersting
Termination of pregnancy after diagnosis of fetal anomaly (TOPFA) is a contested issue and stigma may negatively impact affected women's psychological reactions. This study examined the influence of perceived and internalized stigma on women's long-term adjustment to a TOPFA. One hundred forty-eight women whose TOPFA dated back 1 to 7 years responded to self-report questionnaires. The associations between perceived stigma at the time of the TOPFA, current internalized stigma and symptoms of grief, trauma and depression were modeled using multiple linear regression...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286217/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-cancer-treatment-associated-infertility-among-young-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#19
Asif Husain Osmani, Ghulam Haider, Shaharzad Ali, Faiza Ali, Munazza Irfan, Dur e Fatima
Introduction: Infertility after cancer treatment can cause significant emotional stress and grief for cancer survivors. In this study we assessed knowledge and perceptions among young cancer patients regarding the topic of cancer and infertility related to different treatment options. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on young cancer patients in the Clinical Oncology Department, JPMC, Karachi, from January to August 2013. Patients were requested to fill in questionnaires. Comparisons between gender and age groups were performed using the Student’s t test and Pearson’s Chi-squared...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285979/berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-bush-h-l-2016-continuing-bonds-with-the-dead-parental-grief-and-19th-century-american-authors-berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-albany-ny-state-university-of-new-york
#20
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