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Jessica Mead
This qualitative group case study was ascertained to conceptualize theory on the topic of grief and emerging adulthood. A literature review proved no research to this specific experience. The aim of this study was to understand the suicide grief experience in this developmental stage. Based on the exploration of 150 suicide-bereaved emerging adults, participants in the Catholic Charities Young Adult Support Group expressed common themes related to the their unique grief experiences. Criterion sampling was used, as all these individuals voluntarily attended this group after losing a loved one to suicide...
January 1, 2018: Omega
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Gaëlle Cheisson, Liliane Joseph, Laurent Martin-Lefèvre, Anne Gaelle Si Larbi, Gérald Viquesnel, Sophie Marqué, Stéphane Donati, Julien Charpentier, Nicolas Pichon, Benjamin Zuber, Olivier Lesieur, Martial Ouendo, Anne Renault, Pascale Le Maguet, Stanislas Kandelman, Marie Thuong, Bernard Floccard, Chaouki Mezher, Marion Galon, Jacques Duranteau, Elie Azoulay
RATIONALE: In the case of organ donation, the family is highly involved in the decision process. OBJECTIVE: To assess experience of organ donation process and grief symptoms in relatives of brain dead patients who discussed organ donation in the ICU. METHODS: Multicentre cross-sectional study in 28 ICUs in France. Participating subjects were relatives of brain dead patients who were approached to discuss organ donation. Relatives were followed-up by phone at 3 time points: at 1 month to complete a questionnaire describing their experience of organ donation process; At 3 months to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised; At 9 months, to complete the IES-R and the Inventory of Complicated Grief...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Geoffrey F Brazda, Lillian M Range, Theodore P Remley, Carolyn C White
Counseling professionals and graduate students (N = 117) recruited online read a randomly assigned one-paragraph vignette about either a non-rational or rational suicide involving an imaginary loved one. Then, they completed the Grief Experiences Questionnaire (GEQ) about how they would feel. The non-rational suicide group expected significantly more search for explanation than the rational suicide group, but were not significantly different on the other six GEQ subscales. All participants expected few distressing reactions to either vignette, suggesting a one-paragraph vignette may not be sufficient to induce the kind of grief many experience when a loved one dies by suicide...
March 15, 2018: Death Studies
So Myeong Kim, So Hi Kown
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate variables and construct paths that affect complicated grief. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional, descriptive study were 164 bereaved spouses of cancer patients at least 12 months before the death. Data were collected from October 2016 to February 2017 using self-report structured questionnaires and were analyzed using IBM SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 20.0. RESULTS: The variables affecting complicated grief of bereaved spouses of cancer patients were the quality of end-of-life care (γ=...
February 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Alison Shepherd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sarah Sanford, Mark J Rapoport, Holly Tuokko, Alexander Crizzle, Stephanie Hatzifilalithis, Sarah Laberge, Gary Naglie
The purpose of this study on driving cessation was to explore the process of coping, decision-making and adaptation through this major life transition. We sought to examine understandings of the emotional responses of drivers and ex-drivers with dementia from the perspective of healthcare providers and family caregivers of persons with dementia. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with several key informant groups: healthcare providers who work with patients with dementia and their families ( N = 10), representatives from organizations that provide services and support for persons with dementia ( N = 6), and family caregivers of drivers and former drivers with dementia ( N = 13)...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Noam Schneck, Tao Tu, Christina A Michel, George A Bonanno, Paul Sajda, J John Mann
BACKGROUND: Grieving individuals demonstrate attentional bias toward reminders of the deceased versus neutral stimuli. We sought to assess bias toward reminders of the deceased versus a living attachment figure and to evaluate similarities and differences in the neural correlates of deceased- and living-related attention. We also sought to identify grief process variables associated with deceased-related attentional bias. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects grieving the death of a first-degree relative or partner within 14 months performed an emotional Stroop task, using words related to a deceased or a living attachment figure, and a standard Stroop task, to identify general selective attention, during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
(no author information available yet)
Dr Naomi Harvey , a zoologist, describes how she has learnt to deal with her anticipatory grief.
March 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
Emily Koert, Judith C Daniluk
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the experience of permanent childlessness after delayed childbearing. BACKGROUND: More women are delaying childbearing while they pursue a career, gain financial stability and seek an appropriate partner. However, given that fertility declines with age, there is concern that more women will end up permanently, unintentionally childless after postponing childbearing. There is little known about this growing and invisible group...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Kylie B Rogalla
All mental health professionals will inevitably serve clients who face the expected death of a loved one. Prominent theories on the grieving process tend to begin after a death or other loss has occurred. Many individuals experience anticipatory grief prior to the physical death. Participants in this study consisted of 120 adults who were anticipating the death of a loved one due to terminal illness. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the relationship between the positive disposition of proactive coping and two forms of growth...
January 1, 2018: Omega
Mary Tobin, Sharon Lambert, John McCarthy
Recent data on the inequities in mortality, health, and access to health services experienced by the Traveller community in Ireland show higher rates of death by suicide and other sudden causes among members of this marginalized minority group than in the general population. Psychological literature on bereavement suggests that traumatic deaths and multiple deaths within a close network may be more likely to lead to complicated grief reactions. The aim of this study is to add to our understanding of the effects of the differential mortality rate by exploring how grief is experienced within the Traveller community in the context of bereavement from multiple deaths or sudden deaths (including suicide)...
January 1, 2018: Omega
Elizabeth Holman, Cari Levy, Brenda Kennedy
Animal-assisted intervention is gaining attention as a stress reduction modality. Quantitative data demonstrate its effectiveness, as a recent study published in AJHPM supported that a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital facility dog paired with a palliative care psychologist had a measurable impact on salivary cortisol levels and heart rate in hospitalized veterans. There remains an important role for qualitative insights. The Denver VA palliative care team learned a range of lessons from the sudden loss of their facility dog, many of which relate directly to palliative care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Julie Sadino, Zoe Donaldson
Over a lifetime, humans build relationships with family, friends, and partners that are critically important for our mental and physical health. Unlike commonly used laboratory mice and rats, Microtine rodents provide a unique model to study the neurobiology underlying pair bonding and the selective attachments that form between adults. Comparisons between monogamous prairie voles and the closely related, but non-monogamous meadow and montane voles, have revealed that brain-region-specific neuropeptide receptor patterning modulates social behavior between and within species...
March 7, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Sotiria Kostopoulou, Efi Parpa, Eleni Tsilika, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Irene Papazoglou, Anna Zygogianni, Antonis Galanos, Kyriaki Mystakidou
PURPOSE: The present study assesses the relationship between patient dignity in advanced cancer and the following variables: psychological distress, preparatory grief, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample consisted of 120 patients with advanced cancer. The self-administered questionnaires were as follows: the Preparatory Grief in Advanced Cancer Patients (PGAC), the Patient Dignity Inventory-Greek (PDI-Gr), the Greek Schedule for Attitudes toward Hastened Death (G-SAHD), and the Greek version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (G-HADS)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Jacob S Sawyer, Melanie E Brewster
The present study examines how meaning and belief in God or god(s) is related to bereavement outcomes. Data from 299 participants residing in the U.S. indicated that the variables of search for meaning, presence of meaning, and belief in God or god(s) were significantly related to posttraumatic growth, complicated grief, and psychological distress. Results from this study can be used to identify appropriate clinical strategies for mental health practitioners working with bereaved clients, and will deepen the breadth of literature on bereavement with atheist populations in the U...
March 6, 2018: Death Studies
Jie Li, Jorge N Tendeiro, Margaret Stroebe
This study investigated the relationship between guilt and well-being of bereaved persons, and explored potential differences in the associations between guilt-complicated grief (CG) and guilt-depression. In total, 1358 Chinese bereaved adults were recruited to fill out questionnaires. Participants (N = 194) who had been bereaved within 2 years of the first survey, filled out the same questionnaires 1 year later. Higher guilt was associated with higher degrees of both CG and depression. The level of guilt predicted CG and depression symptoms 1 year later...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Lynne Parkinson, Annie Banbury, Anne Livingstone, Steven Gordon, Biplob Ray, Louise Byrne, Susan Nancarrow, Chris Doran, Margaret McAllister, Carrie Petersen, Sonja Pedell, Denise Wood
In rural Australia, knowledge and utilisation of support by informal carers is lacking. During the caregiving period, socioemotional support from family and friends plays an important role in sustaining caregiving activities. Post-care, these social networks facilitate adjustment to role change and dealing with grief. Developing and improving access to peer support to enable carers to effectively cope with the challenges of caring may positively influence their caring experience. The primary objective of this project is to examine the response of isolated rural carers for older people with dementia to a videoconference (VC) based peer support and information program...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Marilyn Kendall, Eileen Cowey, Gillian Mead, Mark Barber, Christine McAlpine, David J Stott, Kirsty Boyd, Scott A Murray
BACKGROUND: Case fatality after total anterior circulation stroke is high. Our objective was to describe the experiences and needs of patients and caregivers, and to explore whether, and how, palliative care should be integrated into stroke care. METHODS: From 3 stroke services in Scotland, we recruited a purposive sample of people with total anterior circulation stroke, and conducted serial, qualitative interviews with them and their informal and professional caregivers at 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year...
March 5, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major concern for people with cancer and their partners. There have been calls for further research on the gendered nature of psychosocial, emotional and identity concomitants of fertility post-cancer across women and men. METHOD: The gendered construction and experience of infertility following cancer was examined through a survey of 693 women and 185 men, and in-depth one-to-one interviews with a subsample of survey respondents, 61 women and 17 men, purposively selected across cancer types and age groups...
March 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
José Rocha, C Nunes, A Leonardo, M J Correia, M Fernandes, M C Paúl, V Almeida
We have defined a psychological intervention based on cognitive narrative therapy and the Ottawa decision framework to reduce adjustment problems following a termination of pregnancy (TOP) after a positive prenatal diagnosis (PND). The intervention is composed of four sessions: decision, subjectivation, metaphorization, and projecting. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive narrative intervention to prevent depression and anxiety symptoms after TOP. The intervention was accepted by 24 participants...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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