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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810937/tweets-gangs-and-guns-a-snapshot-of-gang-communications-in-detroit
#1
Desmond Patton, Sadiq Patel, Jun Sung Hong, Megan Ranney, Marie Crandall, Lyle Dungy
The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of violent and criminal Twitter communications among gang-affiliated individuals in Detroit, Michigan. We analyzed 8.5 million Detroit gang members' tweets from January 2013 to March 2014 to assess whether they contained Internet banging-related keywords. We found that 4.7% of gangaffiliated user tweets consisted of terms related to violence and crime. Violence and crime-related communications fell into 4 main categories: (a) beefing (267,221 tweets), (b) grief (79,971 tweets), (c) guns (3,551 tweets), and (d) substance use and distribution (47,638 tweets)...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810477/feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-grief-and-psychological-distress-in-carers-of-palliative-care-patients
#2
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons, Gregory D Barclay, Joan Bourne, Vivienne Connolly
We tested the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for grief and psychological distress in carers of patients in palliative care. Carers were randomised to the control group, which received treatment as usual, or the intervention group, which received treatment as usual plus an acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-help booklet and telephone support call. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 1-month post-allocation and 6 months post-loss...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807700/unfinished-business-in-families-of-terminally-ill-with-cancer-patients
#3
Ryoko Yamashita, Harue Arao, Ayumi Takao, Eiko Masutani, Tatsuya Morita, Yasuo Shima, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Maho Aoyama, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Unfinished business often causes psychological issues after bereavement. Providing care for families of terminally ill patients with cancer to prevent unfinished business is important. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the prevalence and types of unfinished business in families of end-of-life patients with cancer admitted to palliative care units (PCUs), explore depression and grief associated with unfinished business, and explore the factors affecting unfinished business...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806862/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-dyadic-prolonged-exposure-intervention-for-preventing-posttraumatic-grief-in-young-children-a-case-report-of-two-siblings
#4
Lilach Rachamim
This article highlights the feasibility of a dyadic prolonged exposure (DPE) intervention (L. Rachamim, I. Mirochnik, L. Helpman, N. Nacasch, & E. Yadin, ) in a 3-year-old preschooler and in a 6-year-old kindergartener immediately following the traumatic death of their younger sibling. It presents a detailed case description of the DPE treatment addressing traumatic grief and includes transcribed treatment dialogue. At the time of treatment termination, both children and caregivers resumed normal functioning...
August 14, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799859/why-walk%C3%A2-fly-managing-anger-grief-and-ptsd-2016-by-frances-helusky-221-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9780966263114-paragon-counseling-inc-co-published-with-virtualbookworm-com-publishing-college-station-tx-price-17-95
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797866/burnout-after-patient-death-challenges-for-direct-care-workers
#6
Kathrin Boerner, Hayley Gleason, Daniela S Jopp
CONTEXT: Direct care workers in long-term care can develop close relationships with their patients and subsequently experience significant grief after patient death (Boerner et al., 2015). Consequences of this experience for employment outcomes have received little attention. OBJECTIVES: To (1) investigate staff, institutional, patient, and grief factors as predictors of burnout dimensions among direct care workers who had experienced recent patient death, (2) determine which specific aspects of these factors are of particular importance, and (3) establish grief as an independent predictor of burnout dimensions...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#7
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792352/beyond-grief-and-survival-posttraumatic-growth-through-immediate-family-suicide-loss-in-south-korea
#8
Eunjin Lee, Sung Won Kim, Robert D Enright
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the characteristics of posttraumatic growth arising from losing an immediate family member to suicide in Korea. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis for data collection and analysis and conducted in-depth interviews with 11 participants in Korea to evaluate the positive changes subsequent to the suicide. Participants revealed positive outcomes in response to losing an immediate family member to suicide after suffering the "most unimaginable pain" including (a) "Now I know what the most important thing in life is," (b) "Warm and intimate relationships matter," and...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783242/re-conceptualising-stillbirth-and-revisiting-birth-surveillance
#9
K S Joseph, Melanie Basso, Cheryl Davies, Lily Lee
The increased focus on stillbirth related issues in recent years has brought several previously neglected issues 'out of the shadows' [1] and highlighted the need for greater preventive efforts and better care for bereaved mothers and families. Some issues (such as the option of cesarean delivery for fetal death at late gestation [2], viewing the fetus following pregnancy termination for a fetal anomaly [3,4] and acknowledgement of paternal grief and anxiety [5]) reflect a substantial shift from previous traditions in clinical practice...
August 7, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776636/bereaved-parents-experience-of-care-and-follow-up-after-stillbirth-in-sydney-hospitals
#10
Diana Bond, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Adrienne Gordon
BACKGROUND: Despite stillbirth being identified as one of the most traumatic events a woman can experience, there is a lack of evidence on which to inform best practice in hospital and follow-up care. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify which strategies are most valued by parents regarding care following stillbirth in order to improve the support and management of grieving families. METHOD: Mixed methods questionnaires were sent to bereaved participants of the Sydney Stillbirth Study...
August 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769844/avoidance-of-bereavement-related-stimuli-in-chinese-individuals-experiencing-prolonged-grief-evidence-from-a-dot-probe-task
#11
Meng Yu, Suqin Tang, Chenyi Wang, Zhendong Xiang, Wei Yu, Wei Xu, Jianping Wang, Holly G Prigerson
Background: Attentional bias refers to a preference for (e.g., vigilance) or a shifting away (e.g., avoidance) of one's focus with respect to specific stimuli. Accumulating evidence suggests that an attentional bias toward death/threat-related stimuli exists in bereaved individuals experiencing prolonged grief (PG). Measuring for different processing may reflect different cognitive characteristics. Therefore, this study sought to compare information-processing biases in Chinese individuals with high versus low levels of PG symptomatology at supraliminal and subliminal levels, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767332/short-term-group-therapy-for-complicated-grief-the-relationship-between-patients-in-session-reflection-and-outcome
#12
David Kealy, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez, William E Piper, Anthony S Joyce, Rene Weideman, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine the nature of patients' work in two types of short-term group psychotherapy. The study sought to investigate the relationship between patients' psychodynamic work versus supportive work in group psychotherapy and treatment outcome at termination and at 6-month follow-up. Psychodynamic work refers to reflection regarding intrapsychic motivations, defenses, and relational patterns, and supportive work refers to practical problem solving...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762677/are-the-privacy-rules-on-organ-donation-causing-unnecessary-grief
#13
EDITORIAL
Reg Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762231/-nursing-experience-applying-a-bereavement-counseling-model-on-an-elderly-patient-with-depression
#14
Hsu-Liang Huang, Chin-Hsing Yu
Grief counseling is an effective treatment for those who have experienced a loss. In this case study, therapeutic communication was used as part of a nursing intervention to assist an elderly patient with depression to overcome grief and continue with life. The stage-based Four Tasks of Mourning proposed by William Worden were employed. These tasks include: (1) accepting the reality of the loss; (2) working through the pain of grief; (3) adjusting to a new environment without the deceased; and (4) focusing attention on other relationships...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761348/depression-in-blepharospasm-a-question-of-facial-feedback
#15
Janis Rebecca Bedarf, Sied Kebir, Joan Philipp Michelis, Bettina Wabbels, Sebastian Paus
Depression is the most important nonmotor symptom in blepharospasm (BL). As facial expression influences emotional perception, summarized as the facial feedback hypothesis, we investigated if patients report fewer depressive symptoms if injections of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) include the "grief muscles" of the glabellar region, compared to treatment of orbicularis oculi muscles alone. Ninety BL patients were included, half of whom had BoNT treatment including the frown lines. While treatment pattern did not predict depressive symptoms overall, subgroup analysis revealed that in male BL patients, BoNT injections into the frown lines were associated with remarkably less depressive symptoms...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745912/impact-of-psychological-grief-counseling-on-the-severity-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-mothers-after-stillbirths
#16
Ali Navidian, Zahra Saravani, Mansour Shakiba
Planned support and interventions are necessary in the care and support of women who have experienced stillbirth. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of psychological grief counseling on the symptom severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mothers after stillbirths. This interventional study is semi-experimental. The study was conducted on 100 women who had recently had stillbirths. Eligible samples were selected and randomly divided into the two groups of intervention and control...
August 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742463/remembering-and-reflecting-on-a-lifetime-lossgrieving-for-the-sibling-you-lost-a-teen-s-guide-to-coping-with-grief-finding-meaning-after-loss-by-erica-goldblatt-hyatt-oakland-ca-instant-help-press-2015-200-pp-isbn-978-1626252493-16-95-paperback
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737261/does-prolonged-grief-treatment-foster-posttraumatic-growth-secondary-results-from-a-treatment-study-with-long-term-follow-up-and-mediation-analysis
#18
Helga Bartl, Maria Hagl, Michaela Kotoučová, Gabriele Pfoh, Rita Rosner
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a persistent and disabling kind of grief reaction that can be treated effectively with psychotherapeutic interventions. There has been limited investigation of whether these interventions can also enhance positive outcomes of bereavement, such as posttraumatic growth or benefit finding. DESIGN: As part of secondary analyses in a randomized controlled trial evaluating integrative cognitive-behavioural therapy for PGD (PG-CBT), the posttraumatic growth trajectories in 51 outpatients with clinically relevant prolonged grief symptoms were followed up from baseline up to 1...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731824/evolutionary-scenarios-and-primate-natural-history
#19
Harry W Greene
Scenarios summarize evolutionary patterns and processes by interpreting organismal traits and their natural history correlates in a phylogenetic context. They are constructed by (1) describing phenotypes (including physiology and behavior), ideally with attention to formative roles of development, experience, and culture; (2) inferring homologies, homoplasies, ancestral character states, and their transformations with phylogenetic analyses; and (3) integrating those components with ecological and other ancillary data...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730182/tracking-deceased-related-thinking-with-neural-pattern-decoding-of-a-cortical-basal-ganglia-circuit
#20
Noam Schneck, Stefan Haufe, Tao Tu, George A Bonanno, Kevin Ochsner, Paul Sajda, J John Mann
BACKGROUND: Deceased-related thinking is central to grieving and potentially critical to processing of the loss. Self-report measurements might fail to capture important elements of deceased-related thinking and processing. Here, we used a machine learning approach applied to fMRI - known as neural decoding - to develop a measure of ongoing deceased-related processing. METHODS: 23 subjects grieving the loss of a first-degree relative, spouse or partner within 14 months underwent two fMRI tasks...
July 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
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