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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470112/cumulative-prevalence-of-maltreatment-among-new-zealand-children-1998-2015
#1
Bénédicte Rouland, Rhema Vaithianathan
OBJECTIVES: To document, via linked administrative data, the cumulative prevalence among New Zealand children of notifications to child protective services (CPS), substantiated maltreatment cases, and out-of-home placements. METHODS: We followed all children born in New Zealand in 1998 until the end of 2015 (an overall sample of 55 443 children). We determined the cumulative frequencies of notifications, substantiated maltreatment cases (by subtype), and first entries into foster care from birth through the age of 17 years...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468187/sociodemographic-factors-and-health-related-characteristics-that-influence-the-quality-of-life-of-grandparent-caregivers-in-zimbabwe
#2
Magen Mhaka-Mutepfa
Very few studies have examined quality of life (QOL) in elderly carers of orphaned children in African settings. This study explored sociodemographic factors and health-related characteristics that influence QOL of grandparent carers in Zimbabwe. A cross-sectional study stratified by district was done to collect information on socioeconomic factors, health-related characteristics, and QOL of grandparent carers ( N = 327; age: M = 62.4, SD = 11.2). Data were collected on socioeconomic factors, self-perceived health, health care access, chronic disease condition, health insurance status, types of health care services, and medications taken using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF)...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465561/cross-sectional-study-of-cd4-cd8-ratio-recovery-in-young-adults-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-1-infection
#3
Katrina M Pollock, Hannah Pintilie, Caroline Foster, Sarah Fidler
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved survival into adulthood for young people with perinatally acquired HIV-1 (yp-PaHIV), but long-term prognosis remains unclear. We hypothesized that on-going immune activation, reflected in the failure of CD4:CD8 ratio normalization would be observed in yp-PaHIV, despite ART.A cross-sectional study of routinely collected clinical data from a cohort of yp-PaHIV (≥16 years).Data were collected from records of individuals attending a specialist clinic for yp-PaHIV transitioning to adult care...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465516/the-correlation-of-a-corporate-culture-of-health-assessment-score-and-health-care-cost-trend
#4
Raymond Fabius, Sharon Glave Frazee, Dixon Thayer, David Kirshenbaum, Jim Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: Employers that strive to create a corporate environment that fosters a culture of health often face challenges when trying to determine the impact of improvements on health care cost trends. This study aims to test the stability of the correlation between health care cost trend and corporate health assessment scores (CHAS) using a culture of health measurement tool. METHODS: Correlation analysis of annual health care cost trend and CHAS on a small group of employers using a proprietary CHAS tool...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464800/gender-differences-in-retirement-planning-a-longitudinal-study-among-spanish-registered-nurses
#5
Gabriela Topa, Adrián Segura, Sergio Pérez
BACKGROUND: Consistent patterns of gender differences in retirement planning behaviours have been shown but little is known about these behaviours among nurses. AIMS: To analyse the antecedents of the behaviours to prepare for retirement in nurses older than 55 and to identify differences as a function of gender. METHODS: A two-wave longitudinal study with Spanish nurses (n = 132). RESULTS: Statistically significant gender differences were revealed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463494/how-health-care-professionals-evaluate-a-digital-intervention-to-improve-medication-adherence-qualitative-exploratory-study
#6
Karen Thomson, Corline Brouwers, Olga C Damman, Martine C de Bruijne, Danielle Rm Timmermans, Marijke Melles
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence poses a serious and a hard-to-tackle problem for many chronic diseases. Electronic health (eHealth) apps that foster patient engagement and shared decision making (SDM) may be a novel approach to improve medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the perspective of health care professionals regarding a newly developed digital app aimed to improve medication adherence. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) was chosen as a case example...
February 20, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463187/finding-keys-a-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-for-refugee-children-s-disclosure-of-their-life-stories
#7
E C C Carla van Os, A E Elianne Zijlstra, E J Erik Knorth, W J Wendy Post, M E Margrite Kalverboer
The systematic review presented in this article aims to reveal what supports and hampers refugee children in telling their, often traumatic, life stories. This is important to ensure that migration decisions are based on reliable information about the children's needs for protection. A systematic review was conducted in academic journals, collecting all available scientific knowledge about the disclosure of life stories by refugee minors in the context of social work, guardianship, foster care, asylum procedures, mental health assessment, and therapeutic settings...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463110/the-importance-of-the-therapeutic-relationship-when-providing-information-to-parents-of-children-with-long-term-disabilities-the-views-and-experiences-of-uk-paediatric-therapists
#8
Jim Reeder, Jane Morris
The purpose of this study was to understand the views and experiences of paediatric therapists working in the United Kingdom regarding the importance of the therapeutic relationship when providing information for parents of children with long-term disabilities. The aim was to develop new perspectives, to encourage dialogue and reflection for change and to identify practical suggestions for health professionals when developing therapeutic relationships. This study employed an interpretive phenomenological methodology...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462292/state-and-non-state-mental-health-service-collaboration-in-a-south-african-district-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
André Janse van Rensburg, Inge Petersen, Edwin Wouters, Michelle Engelbrecht, Gladys Kigozi, Pieter Fourie, Dingie van Rensburg, Piet Bracke
The Life Esidimeni tragedy in South Africa showed that, despite significant global gains in recognizing the salience of integrated public mental health care during the past decade, crucial gaps remain. State and non-state mental health service collaboration is a recognized strategy to increase access to care and optimal use of community resources, but little evidence exist about how it unfolds in low- to middle-income countries. South Africa's Mental Health Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2013-20 (MHPF) underlines the importance of collaborative public mental health care, though it is unclear how and to what extent this happens...
February 15, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461991/technology-s-role-in-quality-improvement-and-operational-efficiency
#10
Judy Blauwet, Mandy Bell
Technology for technology's sake is never a good idea. There must be a purpose behind it. It must help us do our jobs better. Technology allows healthcare to remain affordable and, as such, accessible. Technology must increase access to care, improve safety, make test results more reliable, and help teams communicate better for a seamless care experience.Avera Health, a health system based in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, comprises 330 facilities in 100 communities in five states. Sponsored by the Benedictine and Presentation Sisters, Avera is a healthcare ministry whose employees deliver high-quality care with compassion...
April 2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461350/leading-change-a-case-study-of-the-first-independent-critical-access-hospital-to-achieve-magnet%C3%A2-designation
#11
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford, Karen L Miller, Kristin A Stegenga, Robert H Lee, Marjorie J Bott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand how nurses in a 25-bed critical-access hospital (CAH) led change to become the 1st to achieve Magnet®. BACKGROUND: Approximately 21% of the US population lives in rural areas served by CAHs. Rural nurse executives are particularly challenged with limited resources. METHODS: Staff nurses, nurse managers, interprofessional care providers, the chief nursing officer, and board of directors (n = 27) were interviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461263/the-role-of-feedback-in-ameliorating-burnout
#12
Emily K Gordon, Dimitry Y Baranov, Lee A Fleisher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assessment of the current literature surrounding interventions directed toward the prevention of burnout in the field of medicine and particularly in anesthesiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, burnout has been noted to lead to medication errors and subsequently increased harm to our patients. On a personal level, burnout can lead to depression and even suicide amongst physicians. Strategies to prevent burnout amongst anesthesiologists that have been studied in the literature include multisource feedback, mentorship and early recognition...
February 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460358/role-of-social-environmental-protective-factors-on-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-midwestern-homeless-youth
#13
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray
We employ a social stress framework, which examines the influence of multiple stressors (e.g., physical abuse, foster care placement) on an individual's ability to function (e.g., mental well-being), to longitudinally examine the effects of stressful life events on mental health and the role of the social environment in this process among 150 homeless youth. Results revealed that numerous stressors, such as physical abuse and running away from home more frequently, were associated with greater depressive symptoms and elevated anxiety...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457952/the-need-for-clinical-academic-roles
#14
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals, looks at the importance of nurses undertaking academic roles to build on the evidence base for the profession to improve patient care.
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456927/best-practices-in-supervising-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-youth
#15
REVIEW
Robert D Friedberg
Clinical supervision of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with youth ensures better patient care and fosters trainees' professional development. However, often insufficient attention is directed toward disseminating best practices in supervision of CBT with youth. This Therapeutic Advances contribution aims to communicate the core content of supervision. Additionally, the key supervisory practices associated with CBT with youth are described. Supervisory outcomes are summarized and recommendations for supervisory practices are made...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456281/foster-home-integration-as-a-temporal-indicator-of-relational-well-being
#16
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen M McBeath, Lew Bank
This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Latent growth curve modeling procedures were employed to determine if child, family, and case characteristics influenced youth's home integration trajectories...
December 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455580/from-family-involvement-to-family-inclusion-in-nursing-home-settings-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#17
Gloria Puurveen, Jennifer Baumbusch, Preet Gandhi
The provision of care work by families plays an integral role in the quality of life of older adults living in a nursing home setting. This critical interpretive synthesis examines family members' perceptions of their roles and responsibilities in nursing home settings and interrogates the structural and relational barriers and enablers to family involvement as they relate to fostering an inclusive environment. Electronic databases and published literature were searched for empirical studies that were conducted in a nursing home setting and described involvement from the perspective of family members...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452595/fertility-preservation-healthcare-circuit-and-networks-in-cancer-patients-worldwide-what-are-the-issues
#19
REVIEW
Kathleen Melan, Frederic Amant, Jacqueline Veronique-Baudin, Clarisse Joachim, Eustase Janky
BACKGROUND: Fertility preservation (FP) is a major determinant of quality of life after cancer remission for women who may not have achieved their ideal family size. This article describes the FP services and strategy currently available, highlighting issues of oncofertility worldwide. For these patients in complex situations, health networks are essential to improve coordination of care, and the strengthening of this coordination is a major challenge to improve the performance of the health system...
February 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452401/understanding-communication-breakdown-in-the-outpatient-referral-process-in-latin-america-a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-use-of-clinical-correspondence-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-countries
#20
Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Amparo-Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Marina Ferreira-de-Medeiros-Mendes, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto, María-Luisa Vázquez
An adequate use of referral and reply letters-the main form of communication between primary care (PC) and out-patient secondary care (SC)-helps to avoid medical errors, test duplications and delays in diagnosis. However, it has been little studied to date in Latin America. The aim is to determine the level and characteristics of PC and SC doctors' use of referral and reply letters and to explore influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay. A cross-sectional study was conducted through a survey of PC and SC doctors working in public healthcare networks (348 doctors per country)...
February 14, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
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