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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231788/the-2018-inter-agency-field-manual-on-reproductive-health-in-humanitarian-settings-revising-the-global-standards
#1
Angel M Foster, Dabney P Evans, Melissa Garcia, Sarah Knaster, Sandra Krause, Therese McGinn, Sarah Rich, Meera Shah, Hannah Tappis, Erin Wheeler
Since the 1990s, the Inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings (IAFM) has provided authoritative guidance on reproductive health service provision during different phases of complex humanitarian emergencies. In 2018, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises will release a new edition of this global resource. In this article, we describe the collaborative and inter-sectoral revision process and highlight major changes in the 2018 IAFM. Key revisions to the manual include repositioning unintended pregnancy prevention within and explicitly incorporating safe abortion care into the Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) chapter, which outlines a set of priority activities to be implemented at the outset of a humanitarian crisis; stronger guidance on the transition from the MISP to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services; and the addition of a logistics chapter...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226117/pediatric-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-review-with-pooled-analysis-and-critical-care-emphasis
#2
REVIEW
Kenneth E Remy, Jason W Custer, Joshua Cappell, Cortney B Foster, Nan A Garber, L Kyle Walker, Liliana Simon, Dayanand Bagdure
Purpose: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is being recognized with increasing frequency among children. Given the paucity of evidence to guide the critical care management of these complex patients, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature with pooled analysis of published case reports and case series. Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Web of Science for relevant published studies...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225922/using-participatory-learning-action-pla-research-techniques-for-inter-stakeholder-dialogue-in-primary-healthcare-an-analysis-of-stakeholders-experiences
#3
T de Brún, M O'Reilly-de Brún, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, N Burns, C Dowrick, C Lionis, C O'Donnell, F S Mair, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
Plain English summary: It is important for health care workers to know the needs and expectations of their patients. Therefore, service users have to be involved in research. To achieve a meaningful dialogue between service users, healthcare workers and researchers, participatory methods are needed. This paper describes how the application of a specific participatory methodology, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) can lead to such a meaningful dialogue. In PLA all stakeholders are regarded as equal partners and collaborators in research...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225388/latent-classes-of-older-foster-youth-prospective-associations-with-outcomes-and-exits-from-the-foster-care-system-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#4
Elizabeth A Miller, Katherine W Paschall, Sandra T Azar
Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. We identified four distinct latent classes, consistent with prior person-oriented studies of this population, and validated these classes by examining differences on additional relevant factors at age 17...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224233/review-article-methodology-for-the-rapid-review-series-on-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-emergency-department
#5
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Musculoskeletal injuries are a common presentation to the ED, with significant costs involved in the management of these injuries, variances in care within the ED and associated morbidity. A series of rapid review papers were completed to guide best practice for the assessment and management of common musculoskeletal injuries presenting to the ED. This paper presents the methodology used across the rapid reviews. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#6
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221539/partnership-conference
#7
John A Bartlett, Sarah Cao, Blandina Mmbaga, Xu Qian, Michael Merson, Randall Kramer
BACKGROUND: The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) was founded in 2006 with a goal to foster interdisciplinary global health education and research across Duke University and Duke Medical Center. Critical to achieving this goal is the need to develop and sustain strong international partnerships. OBJECTIVE: To host a conference with multiple international partners and strengthen existing relationships. METHODS: After a deliberate year-long planning process, DGHI convened a Partnership Conference with its international partners on the Duke University campus in conjunction with its 10th Anniversary Celebration...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#8
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#9
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219906/targeted-interventions-to-advance-a-culture-of-inquiry-at-a-large-multicampus-hospital-among-nurses
#10
Eileen J Carter, Reynaldo R Rivera, Kelly A Gallagher, Kenrick D Cato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assist nurse leaders in developing innovative structures to foster a culture of inquiry among professional nurses. BACKGROUND: Critical to nurse's engagement in evidence-based practice (EBP) is a culture of inquiry, in which nurses critically evaluate patient care activities and actively review existing evidence to address identified clinical issues. A bundle of structural interventions was implemented across a large, multisite hospital to advance a culture of inquiry...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219867/interventions-and-programs-that-support-the-health-and-development-of-infants-with-prenatal-alcohol-and-or-drug-exposure-in-foster-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#11
Lenora Marcellus, Lindsey Shaw, Karen MacKinnon, Carol Gordon
The objective of this scoping review is to identify and describe caregiving interventions and program elements that support the health and development of infants with prenatal alcohol and/or drug exposure in foster care.
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218958/factors-contributing-to-nursing-team-work-in-an-acute-care-tertiary-hospital
#12
Suzanne Polis, Megan Higgs, Vicki Manning, Gayle Netto, Ritin Fernandez
Background: Effective nursing teamwork is an essential component of quality health care and patient safety. Understanding which factors foster team work ensures teamwork qualities are cultivated and sustained. Objective: This study aims to investigate which factors are associated with team work in an Australian acute care tertiary hospital across all inpatient and outpatient settings. Methods: All nurses and midwives rostered to inpatient and outpatient wards in an acute care 600 bed hospital in Sydney Australia were invited to participate in a cross sectional survey between September to October 2013...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218808/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-older-people-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-the-ipopp-pilot-trial-protocol
#13
E L Healey, C Jinks, N E Foster, C A Chew-Graham, T Pincus, L Hartshorne, K Cooke, E Nicholls, J Proctor, M Lewis, S Dent, S Wathall, E M Hay, J McBeth
INTRODUCTION: This pilot trial will inform the design and methods of a future full-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) and examine the feasibility, acceptability and fidelity of the Increasing Physical activity in Older People with chronic Pain (iPOPP) intervention, a healthcare assistant (HCA)-supported intervention to promote walking in older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain in a primary care setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The iPOPP study is an individually randomized, multicentre, three-parallel-arm pilot RCT...
December 8, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218400/-emotional-robots-in-a-nursing-context-empirical-analysis-of-the-present-use-and-the-effects-of-paro-and-pleo
#14
REVIEW
Stefanie Baisch, Thorsten Kolling, Saskia Rühl, Barbara Klein, Johannes Pantel, Frank Oswald, Monika Knopf
BACKGROUND: It has been questioned by researchers in robotics as well in the general public to what extent companion-type robots can support the elderly with the fulfillment of their psychological and social needs. Although these robots have already been used in care settings in Germany, research has referred little to this practical experience in order to analyze their impact and benefit. To start to close this gap, the current article reports on the current use of companion-type robots in care settings, on the effects reported by professional caregivers as well as on the role of psychosocial needs in the acceptance and use of companion-type robots by the elderly...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217389/competencies-for-engaging-high-needs-patients-in-primary-care
#15
Michael J Yedidia
BACKGROUND: Patients who heavily utilize hospitals and emergency departments frequently have complex needs requiring services spanning medical, behavioral, and social service sectors. This study identifies essential competencies for caring for high-needs patients and highlights their importance to primary care delivery. METHODS: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with 30 clinical and administrative staff at 23 complex care programs across the United States were analyzed using standard qualitative techniques...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217290/growth-patterns-in-early-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-the-childhood-arthritis-prospective-study-caps
#16
Flora McErlane, Roberto Carrasco, Lianne Kearsley-Fleet, Eileen M Baildam, Lucy R Wedderburn, Helen E Foster, Yiannis Ioannou, S E Alice Chieng, Joyce E Davidson, Wendy Thomson, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVES: To investigate early vertical growth patterns and factors associated with poor growth in a modern inception cohort of UK children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) using data from the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study (CAPS). METHODS: A study period of 3 years was chosen. Children included in this analysis had a physician diagnosis of JIA and had height measurements available at both baseline and at 3-years of follow-up. Height is presented as z-scores calculated using World Health Organisation growth standards for age and gender...
November 7, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215659/-influence-of-sociodemographic-occupational-and-life-style-factors-on-the-levels-of-burnout-in-palliative-care-health-professionals
#17
J C Fernández Sánchez, J M Pérez Mármol, M I Peralta Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Palliative care health professionals have reported high levels of burnout. An understanding of factors associated with this syndrome in this population could foster new prevention and intervention strategies. The objectives were to evaluate the levels of burnout in each of its dimensions in a sample of palliative care health professionals and to analyze the relationship between levels of burnout and sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle characteristics in this sample...
December 7, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213190/smartphone-based-imaging-of-the-corneal-endothelium-at-sub-cellular-resolution
#18
Devrim Toslak, Damber Thapa, Muhammet Kazim Erol, Yanjun Chen, Xincheng Yao
This aim of this study was to test the feasibility of smartphone-based specular microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution. Quantitative examination of endothelial cells is essential for evaluating corneal disease such as determining a diagnosis, monitoring progression and assessing treatment. Smartphone-based technology promises a new opportunity to develop affordable devices to foster quantitative examination of endothelial cells in rural and underserved areas. In our study, we incorporated an iPhone 6 and a slit lamp to demonstrate the feasibility of smartphone-based microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution...
2017: Journal of Modern Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212358/a-mediation-analysis-of-mothers-dietary-intake-the-entre-familia-reflejos-de-salud-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lucy A Horton, Guadalupe X Ayala, Donald J Slymen, Leticia Ibarra, Erika Hernandez, Humberto Parada, Cheryl L Rock, Elva M Arredondo, John P Elder
AIMS: Examine intervention effects among mothers involved in a healthy eating randomized controlled trial. Furthermore, examine the mediating roles of individual and familial influences on observed outcomes. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 361 families were recruited; half were assigned to an 11-session community health worker-delivered family-based intervention targeting Spanish-speaking Latino families in Imperial County, California. The intervention was delivered over a 4-month period...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212107/-expenditure-on-the-care-of-copd-patients-under-everyday-conditions-in-pneumological-practices-differentiated-according-to-patients-in-chronic-care-and-new-patients-and-severity-of-the-illness
#20
A Hellmann, T Hering, J Andres
New patients in the secondary respiratory care require more time for the first consultation and place a higher diagnostic and therapeutic demand if compared to patients already in chronic care. More diagnostic procedures and patient's education by the team are required. No such burden is observed regarding differential degrees of severity of respiratory diseases, e. g. COPD. The overall demands add up to twice the demands of patients already in care. Thus the time required for the treatment of 50 new patients allows consultations for 100 patients already known in the office...
December 6, 2017: Pneumologie
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