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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932983/prevention-and-management-of-vascular-complications-in-middle-ear-and-cochlear-implant-surgery
#1
Filippo Di Lella, Maurizio Falcioni, Silvia Piccinini, Ilaria Iaccarino, Andrea Bacciu, Enrico Pasanisi, Davide Cerasti, Vincenzo Vincenti
The objective of this study is to illustrate prevention strategies and management of vascular complications from the jugular bulb (JB) and internal carotid artery (ICA) during middle ear surgery or cochlear implantation. The study design is retrospective case series. The setting is tertiary referral university hospital. Patients were included if presented pre- or intraoperative evidence of high-risk anatomical anomalies of ICA or JB during middle ear or cochlear implant surgery, intraoperative vascular injury, or revision surgery after the previous iatrogenic vascular lesions...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864273/transtympanic-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-complicating-a-myringotomy-in-a-four-year-old-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Damien Bonnard, Erwan de Monès, Thomas Sagardoy, Valérie Franco-Vidal, Vincent Darrouzet, Sylvestre Fierens
We report the first case of a transtympanic iatrogenic internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm diagnosed in a 4-year-old child following a myringotomy. An endovascular treatment with a covered-stent was decided; spontaneous thrombosis was found during the therapeutic arteriography, and the procedure was aborted. Otoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan monitoring showed a prolonged thrombosis and the disappearance of the pseudoaneurysm 18months after the diagnostic arteriography. Based on literature review, endovascular techniques seem to be preferred to the surgical approach for treatment of intrapetrous ICA pseudoaneurysm, however clinical and CT scan monitoring may also be a valid option...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762603/combining-informal-care-and-paid-work-the-use-of-work-arrangements-by-working-adult-child-caregivers-in-the-netherlands
#3
Marloes Oldenkamp, Ute Bültmann, Rafael P M Wittek, Ronald P Stolk, Mariët Hagedoorn, Nynke Smidt
An increasing number of people combine paid work with the provision of informal care for a loved one. This combination of work and care may cause difficulties, necessitating adaptations at work, i.e. work arrangements. The present study explores what types of work arrangements are used by working caregivers, and which caregiver, care and work characteristics are associated with the use of these work arrangements. Within the Lifelines Informal Care Add-on Study (Lifelines ICAS), data on 965 Dutch informal caregivers in the North of the Netherlands were collected between May 2013 and July 2014 (response rate 48%), and data on 333 working adult-child caregivers (aged 26-68 years, 82% female) were used in this study...
July 31, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749274/evaluation-of-the-i-stat-portable-clinical-analyzer-for-measurement-of-ionized-calcium-and-selected-blood-chemistry-values-in-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus
#4
Danielle K Tarbert, Erica Behling-Kelly, Heather Priest, Sara Childs-Sanford
Thei-STAT® portable clinical analyzer (PCA) provides patient-side results for hematologic, biochemical, and blood gas values when immediate results are desired. This analyzer is commonly used in nondomestic animals; however, validation of this method in comparison with traditional benchtop methods should be performed for each species. In this study, the i-STAT PCA was compared with the Radiometer ABL 800 Flex benchtop analyzer using 24 heparinized whole blood samples obtained from healthy E. maximus . In addition, the effect of sample storage was evaluated on the i-STAT PCA...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576528/endovascular-management-of-iatrogenic-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-a-9-year-old-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Martín Pinzón, Nelson Oswaldo Lobelo, María Claudia Rodríguez, Perla Villamor, Ana María Otoya
Extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysms are uncommon in the pediatric population and are usually secondary to direct trauma to the vessel. Treatment options include surgery (ligation), anticoagulation therapy and endovascular treatment. Endovascular covered stents have shown good results in adult populations, resulting in occlusion of the aneurysm and preservation of the artery without significant complications. However, there have been only limited reports in the literature reporting endovascular carotid stent placement in the pediatric population...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413559/intracranial-hemorrhage-from-giant-aneurysm-in-pregnancy-a-rare-association
#6
Manasi Mehrotra, Anant Mehrotra, Anup Nair, Arun Srivastava, Rabi Narayan Sahu, Mandakini Pradhan, Raj Kumar
We report a case of giant aneurysm causing subarachnoid hemorrhage in a pregnant female. A 25-year-old female presented with sudden onset of severe headache and vomiting with altered sensorium and right hemiplegia. On investigation, she had a giant supraclinoid segment internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm. She was planned for digital substraction angiography, but during the procedure she deteriorated neurologically and went into spontaneous labor. The baby was a male child with weight of 1.1 kg. She was taken up for surgery and aneurysm was clipped...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330857/estimated-disability-adjusted-life-years-averted-by-free-of-charge-provision-of-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-over-a-9-year-period-in-brazil
#7
Jessica M Ferreira, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes, Maria V Bahamondes, Ana Pitoli, Luis Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: The objective was to analyse the contribution of the provision at no cost to users of the 20 µg/day levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) towards disability-adjusted life years (DALY) averted over a 9-year period. METHODS: We analysed data from 15 030 new users of the LNG-IUS who had the device inserted at 26 Brazilian teaching hospitals between January 2007 and December 2015. The devices came from the International Contraceptive Access Foundation (ICA), a not-for-profit foundation that donates the devices to developing countries for use by low-income women who desire long-term contraception and who freely choose to use this device...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271564/acute-kidney-injury-predicts-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-gastric-variceal-bleeding
#8
Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Ping-Hsien Chen, Chien-Wei Su, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The International Club of Ascites (ICA) recently proposed a new definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) in cirrhotic patients. The study evaluated the ICA-AKI criteria and their association with the prognosis of cirrhotic patients with gastric variceal bleeding (GVB). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using prospective database of cirrhotic patients hospitalized with the first presentation of acute GVB at Taipei Veterans General Hospital from April 2007 to December 2010 was performed to evaluate the development of AKI...
November 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268293/high-resolution-eeg-source-imaging-of-one-year-old-children
#9
Zeynep Akalin Acar, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla, April Benasich, Scott Makeig
Recently we described an iterative skull conductivity and source location estimation (SCALE) algorithm for simultaneously estimating head tissue conductivities and brain source locations. SCALE uses a realistic FEM forward problem head model and scalp maps of 10 or more near-dipolar sources identified by independent component analysis (ICA) decomposition of sufficient high-density EEG data. In this study, we applied SCALE to 20 minutes of 64-channel EEG data and magnetic resonance (MR) head images from four twelve-months-of-age infants...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254510/families-that-fire-together-smile-together-resting-state-connectome-similarity-and-daily-emotional-synchrony-in-parent-child-dyads
#10
Tae-Ho Lee, Michelle E Miernicki, Eva H Telzer
Despite emerging evidence suggesting a biological basis to our social tiles, our understanding of the neural processes which link two minds is unknown. We implemented a novel approach, which included connectome similarity analysis using resting state intrinsic networks of parent-child dyads as well as daily diaries measured across 14 days. Intrinsic resting-state networks for both parents and their adolescent child were identified using independent component analysis (ICA). Results indicate that parents and children who had more similar RSN connectome also had more similar day-to-day emotional synchrony...
May 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226452/high-resolution-eeg-source-imaging-of-one-year-old-children
#11
Zeynep Akalin Acar, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla, April Benasich, Scott Makeig, Zeynep Akalin Acar, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla, April Benasich, Scott Makeig, April Benasich, Scott Makeig, Zeynep Akalin Acar, Silvia Ortiz-Mantilla
Recently we described an iterative skull conductivity and source location estimation (SCALE) algorithm for simultaneously estimating head tissue conductivities and brain source locations. SCALE uses a realistic FEM forward problem head model and scalp maps of 10 or more near-dipolar sources identified by independent component analysis (ICA) decomposition of sufficient high-density EEG data. In this study, we applied SCALE to 20 minutes of 64-channel EEG data and magnetic resonance (MR) head images from four twelve-months-of-age infants...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222386/heterogeneous-fractionation-profiles-of-meta-analytic-coactivation-networks
#12
Angela R Laird, Michael C Riedel, Mershack Okoe, Radu Jianu, Kimberly L Ray, Simon B Eickhoff, Stephen M Smith, Peter T Fox, Matthew T Sutherland
Computational cognitive neuroimaging approaches can be leveraged to characterize the hierarchical organization of distributed, functionally specialized networks in the human brain. To this end, we performed large-scale mining across the BrainMap database of coordinate-based activation locations from over 10,000 task-based experiments. Meta-analytic coactivation networks were identified by jointly applying independent component analysis (ICA) and meta-analytic connectivity modeling (MACM) across a wide range of model orders (i...
April 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214015/anomalous-network-architecture-of-the-resting-brain-in-children-who-stutter
#13
Soo-Eun Chang, Michael Angstadt, Ho Ming Chow, Andrew C Etchell, Emily O Garnett, Ai Leen Choo, Daniel Kessler, Robert C Welsh, Chandra Sripada
PURPOSE: We combined a large longitudinal neuroimaging dataset that includes children who do and do not stutter and a whole-brain network analysis in order to examine the intra- and inter-network connectivity changes associated with stuttering. Additionally, we asked whether whole brain connectivity patterns observed at the initial year of scanning could predict persistent stuttering in later years. METHODS: A total of 224 high-quality resting state fMRI scans collected from 84 children (42 stuttering, 42 controls) were entered into an independent component analysis (ICA), yielding a number of distinct network connectivity maps ("components") as well as expression scores for each component that quantified the degree to which it is expressed for each child...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103825/factors-behind-the-success-story-of-under-five-stunting-in-peru-a-district-ecological-multilevel-analysis
#14
Luis Huicho, Carlos A Huayanay-Espinoza, Eder Herrera-Perez, Eddy R Segura, Jessica Niño de Guzman, María Rivera-Ch, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Stunting prevalence in children less than 5 years has remained stagnated in Peru from 1992 to 2007, with a rapid reduction thereafter. We aimed to assess the role of different predictors on stunting reduction over time and across departments, from 2000 to 2012. METHODS: We used various secondary data sources to describe time trends of stunting and of possible predictors that included distal to proximal determinants. We determined a ranking of departments by annual change of stunting and of different predictors...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881961/functional-connectivity-of-child-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-patients-correlation-with-iq
#15
Bo-Yong Park, Jisu Hong, Seung-Hak Lee, Hyunjin Park
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pervasive neuropsychological disorder that affects both children and adolescents. Child and adolescent ADHD patients exhibit different behavioral symptoms such as hyperactivity and impulsivity, but not much connectivity research exists to help explain these differences. We analyzed openly accessible resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data on 112 patients (28 child ADHD, 28 adolescent ADHD, 28 child normal control (NC), and 28 adolescent NC)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689245/vessel-preserving-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-an-extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-that-developed-after-tonsillectomy-in-a-pediatric-patient-initial-case-report
#16
Jeffrey Steinberg, Vincent Cheung, Gunjan Goel, J Scott Pannell, Javan Nation, Alexander Khalessi
Although there have been reports of carotid artery pseudoaneurysm formation after adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy secondary to iatrogenic injury, there are no case reports of successful endovascular reconstruction of the injured artery in the pediatric population. In most pediatric cases, the internal carotid artery (ICA) is sacrificed. The authors report on a 6-year-old girl who presented with odynophagia, left-sided Horner's syndrome, hematemesis, and severe anemia 6 months after a tonsillectomy. On examination she was found to have a pulsatile mass along the left posterior lateral oropharynx, and imaging demonstrated a dissection of the extracranial left ICA and an associated pseudoaneurysm...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668916/carotid-artery-dissection-with-associated-territory-stroke-after-a-minor-head-trauma-in-a-healthy-4-month-old-child
#17
Robert Zant, Michael Melter, Christian Doerfler, Felix Schlachetzki, Ernst-Michael Jung, Stefan Schilling, Juergen Kunkel
Internal carotid artery (ICA) dissections with associated stroke are rare events in infants. The usual pathomechanisms include direct trauma to the artery, blunt intraoral trauma, or child abuse. We describe the case of a 4-month-old male patient with ICA dissection and associated middle cerebral artery territory infarction associated with hyperextension/hyperrotation after a minor head injury. Upon treatment with anticoagulants, the patient showed significant improvement of the left-sided hemiparesis. Hemorrhagic transformation that presented shortly after middle cerebral artery infarction did not further increase under heparin treatment and prevented further embolism...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580333/genes-encoding-adhesion-factors-and-biofilm-formation-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-morocco
#18
Bahija Serray, Salwa Oufrid, Imane Hannaoui, Fatna Bourjilate, Nabila Soraa, Mostafa Mliji, Mohammed Sobh, Abderrahmane Hammoumi, Mohammed Timinouni, Mohamed El Azhari
INTRODUCTION: Infections involving methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remain a serious threat to hospitalized patients worldwide. MRSA is characterized by recalcitrance to antimicrobial therapy, which is a function not only of widespread antimicrobial resistance, but also the capacity to form biofilms. The present study evaluated the presence of genes encoding adhesion factors and the biofilm-forming capacity in MRSA. METHODOLOGY: In this study, 53 isolates of MRSA, recovered from December 2010 to May 2014 in a mother and child hospital, CHU Mohamed VI in Marrakech, Morocco, were screened for the presence of bap and ica genes associated with biofilm formation, and for bbp, cna, ebpS, eno, fib, fnbA, fnbB, clfA, and clfB genes that encode microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894148/persistent-primitive-hypoglossal-artery-ppha-a-rare-anomaly-with-literature-review
#19
M R Srinivas, K S Vedaraju, B H Manjappa, B R Nagaraj
Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) is a rare embryonic carotid vertebrobasilar artery anastomosis. Hypoglossal artery arises from the internal carotid artery (ICA) between the C1 and C2 vertebral levels and traverses through the hypoglossal canal to join the vertebro-basilar system. We present a rare case of an anomalous right sided PPHA as a sole supply to posterior circulation of brain with absent/hypoplastic bilateral vertebral arteries in a two year child who had presented with acute left sided haemiplegia...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060279/endovascular-treatment-of-an-infected-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-child
#20
Waleed Brinjikji, Felix E Diehn, Christopher W Lindsay, Jonathan M Morris
We describe a rare case of carotid pseudoaneurysm secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess, treated with coil embolization in a 2-year-old boy. The patient presented to an emergency department with symptoms suggesting meningitis but was subsequently diagnosed with streptococcal pharyngitis. He was discharged home on oral antibiotics after a short hospitalization. He returned to the emergency department two weeks later with limited neck motion and pain. Neck CT demonstrated a retropharyngeal abscess with a large left cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm...
August 2015: Interventional Neuroradiology
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