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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498054/first-clinical-use-of-stereotaxy-in-humans-the-key-role-of-x-ray-localization-discovered-by-gaston-contremoulins
#1
Pierre Bourdillon, Caroline Apra, Marc Lévêque
Although attempts to develop stereotactic approaches to intracranial surgery started in the late 19th century with Dittmar, Zernov, and more famously, Horsley and Clarke, widespread use of the technique for human brain surgery started in the second part of the 20th century. Remarkably, a significant similar surgical procedure had already been performed in the late 19th century by Gaston Contremoulins in France and has remained unknown. Contremoulins used the principles of modern stereotaxy in association with radiography for the first time, allowing the successful removal of intracranial bullets in 2 patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448846/upcrowding-energy-co-operatives-evaluating-the-potential-of-crowdfunding-for-business-model-innovation-of-energy-co-operatives
#2
Mathias Georg Dilger, Tanja Jovanović, Kai-Ingo Voigt
Practice and theory have proven the relevance of energy co-operatives for civic participation in the energy turnaround. However, due to a still low awareness and changing regulation, there seems an unexploited potential of utilizing the legal form 'co-operative' in this context. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the crowdfunding implementation in the business model of energy co-operatives in order to cope with the mentioned challenges. Based on a theoretical framework, we derive a Business Model Innovation (BMI) through crowdfunding including synergies and differences...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398308/biotech-startups-woo-increasing-numbers-of-crowdfunders
#3
Nuala Moran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334321/the-rise-of-crowdfunding-for-medical-care-promises-and-perils
#4
Michael J Young, Ethan Scheinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333500/catching-fire-and-spreading-it-a-glimpse-into-displayed-entrepreneurial-passion-in-crowdfunding-campaigns
#5
Junchao Jason Li, Xiao-Ping Chen, Suresh Kotha, Greg Fisher
Crowdfunding is an emerging phenomenon that enables entrepreneurs to solicit financial contributions for new projects from mass audiences. Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion and emotional contagion theory, the authors examined the importance of displayed entrepreneurial passion when seeking resources in a crowdfunding context. They proposed that entrepreneurs' displayed passion in the introductory video for a crowdfunding project increases viewers' experienced enthusiasm about the project (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274601/producing-a-worthy-illness-personal-crowdfunding-amidst-financial-crisis
#6
Lauren S Berliner, Nora J Kenworthy
For Americans experiencing illnesses and disabilities, crowdfunding has become a popular strategy for addressing the extraordinary costs of health care. The political, social, and health consequences of austerity--along with fallout from the 2008 financial collapse and the shortcomings of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)--are made evident in websites like GoFundMe. Here, patients and caregivers create campaigns to solicit donations for medical care, hoping that they will spread widely through social networks. As competition increases among campaigns, patients and their loved ones are obliged to produce compelling and sophisticated appeals...
February 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271857/mind-the-gap-charity-and-crowdfunding-in-health-care
#7
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Oncology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182288/the-place-of-crowdfunding-in-the-discovery-of-scientific-and-social-value-of-medical-research
#8
Lorenzo Del Savio
Crowdfunding is increasingly common in medical research. Some critics are concerned that by adopting crowdfunding, some researchers may sidestep the established systems of review of the social and scientific value of studies (e.g. impact on disease burden, issues of justice), especially mechanisms of expert-based review. I argue firstly that such concerns are based on a misleading picture of how research value is assessed and secondly that crowdfunding may turn out to be an useful complement of extant funding systems...
February 9, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137998/appealing-to-the-crowd-ethical-justifications-in-canadian-medical-crowdfunding-campaigns
#9
Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A Crooks, Annalise Mathers, Peter Chow-White
Medical crowdfunding is growing in terms of the number of active campaigns, amount of funding raised and public visibility. Little is known about how campaigners appeal to potential donors outside of anecdotal evidence collected in news reports on specific medical crowdfunding campaigns. This paper offers a first step towards addressing this knowledge gap by examining medical crowdfunding campaigns for Canadian recipients. Using 80 medical crowdfunding campaigns for Canadian recipients, we analyse how Canadians justify to others that they ought to contribute to funding their health needs...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008025/expand-innovation-finance-via-crowdfunding
#10
Olav Sorenson, Valentina Assenova, Guan-Cheng Li, Jason Boada, Lee Fleming
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941038/globalizing-and-crowdsourcing-biomedical-research
#11
REVIEW
Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Sofia Ahsanuddin, Christopher E Mason
INTRODUCTION OR BACKGROUND: Crowdfunding and crowdsourcing of medical research has emerged as a novel paradigm for many biomedical disciplines to rapidly collect, process and interpret data from high-throughput and high-dimensional experiments. The novelty and promise of these approaches have led to fundamental discoveries about RNA mechanisms, microbiome dynamics and even patient interpretation of test results. However, these methods require robust training protocols, uniform sampling methods and experimental rigor in order to be useful for subsequent research efforts...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875643/crowdfunding-for-medical-care-ethical-issues-in-an-emerging-health-care-funding-practice
#12
Jeremy Snyder
Crowdfunding websites allow users to post a public appeal for funding for a range of activities, including adoption, travel, research, participation in sports, and many others. One common form of crowdfunding is for expenses related to medical care. Medical crowdfunding appeals serve as a means of addressing gaps in medical and employment insurance, both in countries without universal health insurance, like the United States, and countries with universal coverage limited to essential medical needs, like Canada...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875641/saving-science-by-doing-less-of-it
#13
Gregory E Kaebnick
In the current issue of The New Atlantis, Daniel Sarewitz, professor of science and society at Arizona State University, argues that science is broken because it is managed and judged by scientists themselves, operating under Vannevar Bush's famous 1945 declaration that scientific progress depends on the "free play of free intellects … dictated by their curiosity." With that scientific agenda, society ends up with a lot of unnecessary, uncoordinated, and unproductive research. To save science, holds Sarewitz, we need to put it in the hands of people who are looking for practical solutions to specific problems...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665200/fund-my-treatment-a-call-for-ethics-focused-social-science-research-into-the-use-of-crowdfunding-for-medical-care
#14
Jeremy Snyder, Annalise Mathers, Valorie A Crooks
Crowdfunding involves raising money from large groups of individuals, often through the use of websites dedicated to this purpose. Crowdfunding campaigns aimed at raising money to pay for expenses related to receiving medical treatment are receiving increased media attention and there is evidence that medical crowdfunding websites are heavily used. Nonetheless, virtually no scholarly attention has been paid to these medical crowdfunding campaigns and there is no systematic evidence about how widely they are used and for what reasons, and what effects they have on the provision of medical care and individuals' relationships to their health systems...
September 16, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664546/raising-awareness-of-the-importance-of-funding-for-tuberculosis-small-molecule-research
#15
Giovanna Riccardi, Iain G Old, Sean Ekins
Tuberculosis (TB) drug discovery research is hampered by several factors, but as in many research areas, the available funding is insufficient to support the needs of research and development. Recent years have seen various large collaborative efforts involving public-private partnerships, mimicking the situation during the golden age of antibiotic drug discovery during the 1950s and 1960s. The large-scale collaborative efforts funded by the European Union (EU) are now subject to diminishing financial support...
September 21, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647666/selling-science-2-0-what-scientific-projects-receive-crowdfunding-online
#16
Mike S Schäfer, Julia Metag, Jessica Feustle, Livia Herzog
Crowdfunding has emerged as an additional source for financing research in recent years. The study at hand identifies and tests explanatory factors influencing the success of scientific crowdfunding projects by drawing on news value theory, the "reputation signaling" approach, and economic theories of online payment. A standardized content analysis of 371 projects on English- and German-language platforms reveals that each theory provides factors influencing crowdfunding success. It shows that projects presented on science-only crowdfunding platforms have a higher success rate...
September 19, 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422268/what-will-the-crowd-fund-preferences-of-prospective-donors-for-drug-development-fundraising-campaigns
#17
Nick Dragojlovic, Larry D Lynd
Biomedical researchers are increasingly turning to project-based online fundraising (i.e., crowdfunding) as a complementary source of research funding. To help inform the fundraising strategies adopted by researchers who take this approach, we conducted an online survey of prospective donors in North America. Respondents indicated not only an overwhelming preference for donating to projects conducted by nonprofit research organizations, but also an openness to donating to companies that have a 'for-benefit' corporate structure...
December 2016: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106892/navigating-the-murky-waters-of-conflict-of-interest-searching-for-the-middle-path
#18
Susan C Zonia
On August 23, 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued the Final Rule on conflict of interest. The purpose of the rule was to provide a clear framework for federally funded studies to identify, reduce, avoid, and/or manage researchers' external commercial relationships that could appear to impact the design, conduct, or reporting of research. Since the issuance of the final rule, colleges and universities have been tasked with closely monitoring external commercial relations of faculty to ensure that potential biases in research are minimized...
February 2016: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077139/donor-retention-in-online-crowdfunding-communities-a-case-study-of-donorschoose-org
#19
Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Online crowdfunding platforms like DonorsChoose.org and Kick-starter allow specific projects to get funded by targeted contributions from a large number of people. Critical for the success of crowdfunding communities is recruitment and continued engagement of donors. With donor attrition rates above 70%, a significant challenge for online crowdfunding platforms as well as traditional offline non-profit organizations is the problem of donor retention. We present a large-scale study of millions of donors and donations on DonorsChoose...
May 2015: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055461/researchers-use-crowdfunding-site-to-raise-money-to-test-potential-paedophilia-treatment
#20
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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