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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802734/crowdfunding-biodiversity-conservation
#1
E Gallo-Cajiao, C Archibald, R Friedman, R Steven, R A Fuller, E T Game, T H Morrison, E G Ritchie
Raising funds is critical for conserving biodiversity and hence so too is scrutinizing emerging financial mechanisms that might help achieve this goal. In this context, anecdotal evidence indicates crowdfunding is being used to support a variety of activities needed for biodiversity conservation, yet its magnitude and allocation remain largely unknown. We conducted a global analysis to help address this knowledge gap, based on empirical data from conservation-focused projects extracted from crowdfunding platforms...
May 26, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801003/crowdfunding-for-unproven-stem-cell-based-interventions
#2
Jeremy Snyder, Leigh Turner, Valorie A Crooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755287/project-description-and-crowdfunding-success-an-exploratory-study
#3
Mi Jamie Zhou, Baozhou Lu, Weiguo Patrick Fan, G Alan Wang
Existing research on antecedent of funding success mainly focuses on basic project properties such as funding goal, duration, and project category. In this study, we view the process by which project owners raise funds from backers as a persuasion process through project descriptions. Guided by the unimodel theory of persuasion, this study identifies three exemplary antecedents (length, readability, and tone) from the content of project descriptions and two antecedents (past experience and past expertise) from the trustworthy cue of project descriptions...
2018: Information Systems Frontiers: a Journal of Research and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728452/ethical-implications-of-medical-crowdfunding-the-case-of-charlie-gard
#4
Gabrielle Dressler, Sarah A Kelly
Patients are increasingly turning to medical crowdfunding as a way to cover their healthcare costs. In the case of Charlie Gard, an infant born with encephalomyopathic mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, crowdfunding was used to finance experimental nucleoside therapy. Although this treatment was not provided in the end, we will argue that the success of the Gard family's crowdfunding campaign reveals a number of potential ethical concerns. First, this case shows that crowdfunding can change the way in which communal healthcare resources are allocated...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683220/medical-crowdfunding-for-organ-transplantation
#5
Wesley M Durand, Jillian L Peters, Adam E M Eltorai, Saisanjana Kalagara, Adena J Osband, Alan H Daniels
An increasing number of patients and families are utilizing online crowdfunding to support their medical expenses related to organ transplantation. The factors influencing the success of crowdfunding campaigns are poorly understood. Crowdfunding campaigns were abstracted from a popular crowdfunding web site. Campaigns were included if they were actively accepting donations to fund medical expenses related to transplantation of selected organs. The primary outcome measure was total amount raised among successful campaigns receiving at least one donation...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538371/how-much-is-too-much-the-effects-of-information-quantity-on-crowdfunding-performance
#6
Naomi Moy, Ho Fai Chan, Benno Torgler
We explore the effects of the quantity of information on the tendency to contribute to crowdfunding campaigns. Using the crowdfunding platform Kickstarter, we analyze the campaign descriptions and the performance of over 70,000 projects. We look empirically at the effect of information quantity (word count) on funding success (as measure by amount raised and number of backers). Within this empirical approach, we test whether an excessive amount of information will affect funding success. To do so, we test for the non-linearity (quadratic) effect of our independent variable (word count) using regression analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402763/engaging-a-community-for-rare-genetic-disease-best-practices-and-education-from-individual-crowdfunding-campaigns
#7
Romina Alicia Ortiz, Steven Witte, Arvin Gouw, Ana Sanfilippo, Richard Tsai, Danielle Fumagalli, Christine Yu, Karla Lant, Nicole Lipitz, Jennifer Shepphird, Fidelia B Alvina, Jimmy Cheng-Ho Lin
BACKGROUND: Genetic sequencing is critically important to diagnostic health care efforts in the United States today, yet it is still inaccessible to many. Meanwhile, the internet and social networking have made crowdfunding a realistic avenue for individuals and groups hoping to fund medical and research causes, including patients in need of whole exome genetic sequencing (WES). OBJECTIVE: Amplify Hope is an educational program designed to investigate what factors affect the success of medical crowdfunding campaigns...
February 5, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156070/medical-crowdfunding-for-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-surgery
#8
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Adam E M Eltorai, Alan H Daniels
Crowdfunding for medical expenses is growing in popularity. Through several websites, patients create public campaign profiles to which donors can contribute. Research on medical crowdfunding is limited, and there have been no studies of crowdfunding in orthopedics. Active medical crowdfunding campaigns for orthopedic trauma, total joint arthroplasty, and spine surgery were queried from a crowdfunding website. The characteristics and outcomes of crowdfunding campaigns were abstracted and analyzed. For this study, 444 campaigns were analyzed, raising a total of $1,443,528...
January 1, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074042/crowdfunding-for-cardiovascular-research
#9
Chayakrit Krittanawong, HongJu Janet Zhang, Mehmet Aydar, Zhen Wang, Tao Sun
The competition for public cardiovascular research grants has recently increased. Independent researchers are facing increasing competition for public research grant support and ultimately may need to seek alternative funding sources. Crowdfunding, a financing method of raising funds online by pooling together small donations from the online community to support a specific initiative, seems to have significant potential. However, the feasibility of crowdfunding for cardiovascular research remains unknown. Here, we performed exploratory data analysis of the feasibility of online crowdfunding in cardiovascular research...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#10
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930198/joint-decisions-on-production-and-pricing-with-strategic-consumers-for-green-crowdfunding-products
#11
Yuting Chen, Rong Zhang, Bin Liu
Green crowdfunding is developing as a novel and popular transaction method, which can largely improve the efficiency of raising initial funds and selling innovative green products or services. In this paper, we explore the creator's joint decisions regarding green crowdfunding products of different quality levels that can sufficiently satisfy consumer preferences. Firstly, considering the characteristics of a green crowdfunding product, we present four pricing strategies when substitutes exist. Then we propose the optimal pricing strategies to maximize the total profit for the creator under different circumstances, facing strategic and myopic consumers...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889030/crowdfunding-our-health-economic-risks-and-benefits
#12
Matthew J Renwick, Elias Mossialos
Crowdfunding is an expanding form of alternative financing that is gaining traction in the health sector. This article presents a typology for crowdfunded health projects and a review of the main economic benefits and risks of crowdfunding in the health market. We use evidence from a literature review, complimented by expert interviews, to extend the fundamental principles and established theories of crowdfunding to a health market context. Crowdfunded health projects can be classified into four types according to the venture's purpose and funding method...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821681/when-brain-beats-behavior-neuroforecasting-crowdfunding-outcomes
#13
Alexander Genevsky, Carolyn Yoon, Brian Knutson
Although traditional economic and psychological theories imply that individual choice best scales to aggregate choice, primary components of choice reflected in neural activity may support even more generalizable forecasts. Crowdfunding represents a significant and growing platform for funding new and unique projects, causes, and products. To test whether neural activity could forecast market-level crowdfunding outcomes weeks later, 30 human subjects (14 female) decided whether to fund proposed projects described on an Internet crowdfunding website while undergoing scanning with functional magnetic resonance imaging...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690428/firms-crowds-and-innovation
#14
Teppo Felin, Karim R Lakhani, Michael L Tushman
The purpose of this article is to suggest a (preliminary) taxonomy and research agenda for the topic of "firms, crowds, and innovation" and to provide an introduction to the associated special issue. We specifically discuss how various crowd-related phenomena and practices-for example, crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, user innovation, and peer production-relate to theories of the firm, with particular attention on "sociality" in firms and markets. We first briefly review extant theories of the firm and then discuss three theoretical aspects of sociality related to crowds in the context of strategy, organizations, and innovation: (1) the functions of sociality (sociality as extension of rationality, sociality as sensing and signaling, sociality as matching and identity), (2) the forms of sociality (independent/aggregate and interacting/emergent forms of sociality), and (3) the failures of sociality (misattribution and misapplication)...
May 2017: Strategic Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639522/crowdfunding-an-innovative-way-to-fund-your-project
#15
Dawn-Marie Walker
Background Getting research funded is extremely difficult, with research councils rejecting more than 70% of grant applications ( Else 2014 ). It is even more difficult if you are a junior researcher who doesn't have a track record of being awarded grant money or leading a research project. Crowdfunding may offer a solution. It is a method of raising funds from members of the public online and can offer an alternative to the more formal methods of research funding. Aim To outline how this model works and provide tips on designing a campaign...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498054/first-clinical-use-of-stereotaxy-in-humans-the-key-role-of-x-ray-localization-discovered-by-gaston-contremoulins
#16
Pierre Bourdillon, Caroline Apra, Marc Lévêque
Although attempts to develop stereotactic approaches to intracranial surgery started in the late 19th century with Dittmar, Zernov, and more famously, Horsley and Clarke, widespread use of the technique for human brain surgery started in the second part of the 20th century. Remarkably, a significant similar surgical procedure had already been performed in the late 19th century by Gaston Contremoulins in France and has remained unknown. Contremoulins used the principles of modern stereotaxy in association with radiography for the first time, allowing the successful removal of intracranial bullets in 2 patients...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448846/upcrowding-energy-co-operatives-evaluating-the-potential-of-crowdfunding-for-business-model-innovation-of-energy-co-operatives
#17
Mathias Georg Dilger, Tanja Jovanović, Kai-Ingo Voigt
Practice and theory have proven the relevance of energy co-operatives for civic participation in the energy turnaround. However, due to a still low awareness and changing regulation, there seems an unexploited potential of utilizing the legal form 'co-operative' in this context. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the crowdfunding implementation in the business model of energy co-operatives in order to cope with the mentioned challenges. Based on a theoretical framework, we derive a Business Model Innovation (BMI) through crowdfunding including synergies and differences...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398308/biotech-startups-woo-increasing-numbers-of-crowdfunders
#18
Nuala Moran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334321/the-rise-of-crowdfunding-for-medical-care-promises-and-perils
#19
Michael J Young, Ethan Scheinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333500/catching-fire-and-spreading-it-a-glimpse-into-displayed-entrepreneurial-passion-in-crowdfunding-campaigns
#20
Junchao Jason Li, Xiao-Ping Chen, Suresh Kotha, Greg Fisher
Crowdfunding is an emerging phenomenon that enables entrepreneurs to solicit financial contributions for new projects from mass audiences. Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion and emotional contagion theory, the authors examined the importance of displayed entrepreneurial passion when seeking resources in a crowdfunding context. They proposed that entrepreneurs' displayed passion in the introductory video for a crowdfunding project increases viewers' experienced enthusiasm about the project (i...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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