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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105901/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-staged-excision-and-definitive-closure-with-split-thickness-skin-graft-for-axillary-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-retrospective-study
#1
F B Pearce, K A Richardson
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral axillary hidradenitis is a chronic, suppurative, and scarring disease that is most effectively treated by complete excision of all hair-bearing tissues. We assessed our staged procedure for excision and placement of a split-thickness skin graft for bilateral axillary hidradenitis in terms of costs, outcomes, and timing of excision. METHOD: An IRB approved retrospective case analysis was performed on patients that underwent bilateral axillary hidradenitis skin excision with eventual placement of split-thickness skin grafting using the current LSUHSC/University Health hidradenitis surgical treatment protocol...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105744/multiclass-hcv-resistance-to-direct-acting-antiviral-failure-in-real-life-patients-advocates-for-tailored-second-line-therapies
#2
Velia C Di Maio, Valeria Cento, Ilaria Lenci, Marianna Aragri, Piera Rossi, Silvia Barbaliscia, Michela Melis, Gabriella Verucchi, Carlo F Magni, Elisabetta Teti, Ada Bertoli, FrancescoPaolo Antonucci, Maria C Bellocchi, Valeria Micheli, Chiara Masetti, Simona Landonio, Simona Francioso, Francesco Santopaolo, Adriano M Pellicelli, Vincenza Calvaruso, Laura Gianserra, Massimo Siciliano, Dante Romagnoli, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Antonio Grieco, Jacopo Vecchiet, Filomena Morisco, Manuela Merli, Giuseppina Brancaccio, Antonio Di Biagio, Elisabetta Loggi, Claudio M Mastroianni, Valeria Pace Palitti, Pierluigi Tarquini, Massimo Puoti, Gloria Taliani, Loredana Sarmati, Antonino Picciotto, Vincenzo Vullo, Nicola Caporaso, Maurizio Paoloni, Caterina Pasquazzi, Giuliano Rizzardini, Giustino Parruti, Antonio Craxì, Sergio Babudieri, Massimo Andreoni, Mario Angelico, Carlo F Perno, Francesca Ceccherini-Silberstein
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the excellent efficacy of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) reported in clinical trials, virological failures can occur, often associated with the development of resistance-associated substitutions (RASs). This study aimed to characterize the presence of clinically relevant RASs to all classes in real-life DAA failures. METHODS: Of the 200 virological failures that were analyzed in 197 DAA-treated patients, 89 with pegylated-interferon+ribavirin (PegIFN+RBV) and 111 without (HCV-1a/1b/1g/2/3/4=58/83/1/6/24/25; 56...
January 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105639/persistent-variation-in-medicare-payment-authorization-for-home-hemodialysis-treatments
#3
Adam S Wilk, Richard A Hirth, Wei Zhang, John R C Wheeler, Marc N Turenne, Tammie A Nahra, Kathryn K Sleeman, Joseph M Messana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze variation in medical care use attributable to Medicare's decentralized claims adjudication process as exemplified in home hemodialysis (HHD) therapy. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data analysis using 2009-2012 paid Medicare claims for HHD and in-center hemodialysis (IHD). STUDY DESIGN: We compared variation across Medicare administrative contractors (MACs) in predicted paid treatments per standardized patient-month for HHD and IHD patients...
January 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103996/-advances-in-the-research-of-burn-pain
#4
C L Yang, Z R Wei
Burn pain starts immediately after burn and may last through the whole course of treatment, and it even may accompany patients with deep burn in the phase of scar formation. Burn pain makes patients anxious for a long period of time, thus seriously lowers life quality of them. In recent years, researchers at home and abroad have had new understanding for ideas of treating burn pain, and reports about the treatment of burn pain have been growing. At present, attention to and knowledge about burn pain are far from enough in clinic...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103764/multimodal-pediatric-pain-management-part-2
#5
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf speaks to Commissioning Editor Jade Parker: Stefan Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The pain and palliative care program is devoted to control acute, chronic/complex and procedural pain for inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
January 20, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102610/outcomes-of-hiv-positive-patients-lost-to-follow-up-in-african-treatment-programs
#6
REVIEW
Kathrin Zürcher, Anne Mooser, Nanina Anderegg, Olga Tymejczyk, Margaret J Couvillon, Denis Nash, Matthias Egger
OBJECTIVE: The retention of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is key to achieving global targets in response to the HIV epidemic. Loss to follow-up (LTFU) can be substantial, with unknown outcomes for patients lost to ART programs. We examined changes in outcomes of patients LTFU over calendar time, assessed associations with other studies and program characteristics, and investigated the relative success of different tracing methods. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and logistic random-effects meta-regression analysis of studies that traced adults or children who started ART and were LTFU in sub-Saharan African treatment programs...
January 19, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101620/-home-based-telerehabilitation-after-stroke
#7
M Keidel, F Vauth, J Richter, B Hoffmann, H Soda, B Griewing, M Scibor
The use of modern information and telecommunication technologies enables telerehabilitation of neurological deficits in the domestic environment. The current state of studies on rehabilitative teletherapy for improvement of motor function and mobility deficits due to stroke is reviewed. Two neurolinguistic proof of concept studies investigating the efficacy of online interactive telespeech therapy are reported, which compared virtual screen to screen interactive telerehabilitation of aphasia after stroke and dysarthrophonia in Parkinson's disease to conventional face to face rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100176/effect-of-training-and-structured-medication-review-on-medication-appropriateness-in-nursing-home-residents-and-on-cooperation-between-health-care-professionals-the-intherakt-study-protocol
#8
Angelika Mahlknecht, Nadja Nestler, Ulrike Bauer, Nadine Schüßler, Jochen Schuler, Sebastian Scharer, Ralf Becker, Isabel Waltering, Georg Hempel, Oliver Schwalbe, Maria Flamm, Jürgen Osterbrink
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy in residents of nursing homes is critical due to the special vulnerability of this population. Medical care and interprofessional communication in nursing homes are often uncoordinated. As a consequence, polypharmacy and inappropriate medication use are common and may lead to hospitalizations and health hazards. The aim of this study is to optimize communication between the involved professional groups by specific training and by establishing a structured medication review process, and to improve medication appropriateness and patient-relevant health outcomes for residents of nursing homes...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100068/prevalence-patterns-and-correlates-of-hiv-disclosure-among-tb-hiv-patients-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-in-lesotho
#9
Eleanor Hayes-Larson, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Suzue Saito, Koen Frederix, Blanche Pitt, Bridget Llang Maama, Andrea A Howard
Disclosure of HIV-positive status has important implications for patient outcomes and preventing HIV transmission, but has been understudied in TB-HIV patients. We assessed disclosure patterns and correlates of non-disclosure among adult TB-HIV patients initiating ART enrolled in the START Study, a mixed-methods cluster-randomized trial conducted in Lesotho, which evaluated a combination intervention package (CIP) versus standard of care. Interviewer-administered questionnaire data were analyzed to describe patterns of disclosure...
January 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099398/utilizing-a-novel-mobile-health-selfie-application-to-improve-compliance-to-iron-chelation-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-chronic-transfusions
#10
Sarah Leonard, Lindsay M Anderson, Jude Jonassaint, Charles Jonassaint, Nirmish Shah
Iron chelation therapy can prevent iron overload for pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia major; however, adherence is suboptimal. Therefore, we developed an intensive training program (ITP), to improve medication management and disease knowledge. The objectives were to determine feasibility of the ITP and its preliminary impact on adherence, disease knowledge, and health outcomes. Pediatric patients were recruited to participate in the ITP over a 90-day period and were followed for 6 months...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094079/a-stroke-mimic-methotrexate-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Patrick Rogers, Wilbur J Pan, Richard A Drachtman, Christopher Haines
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of childhood leukemia. The treatment of ALL involves multimodality therapy, and methotrexate (MTX) remains a mainstay of treatment. A complication of MTX therapy includes acute, subacute, and chronic neurotoxocity. Signs and symptoms may range from headaches, dizziness, and mood disorders to seizures and stroke-like symptoms. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman with a history of ALL presented to the emergency department with acute onset of right-sided facial paralysis, right upper extremity flaccid paralysis, and right lower extremity weakness after receiving MTX therapy 3 days earlier...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093640/polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-medications-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-451-nursing-homes-in-france
#12
Marie Herr, Helene Grondin, Stéphane Sanchez, Didier Armaingaud, Caroline Blochet, Antoine Vial, Philippe Denormandie, Joël Ankri
PURPOSE: The quality of drug therapy is an important issue for nursing homes. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in a large sample of nursing home residents by using the data recorded during the preparation of pill dispensers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that included 451 nursing homes across France. Information about the medications received by the 30,702 residents (73.8% women) living in these nursing homes was extracted from the system that assists in the preparation of pill dispensers in pharmacies...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092201/evaluation-of-a-steroid-releasing-sinus-implant-for-the-treatment-of-patients-undergoing-frontal-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#13
Sean Bury, Ameet Singh
Management of the frontal sinus places great demands on the otolaryngologist. Given that the fronto-ethmoidal region is susceptible to recurrent inflammation, scarring, and stenosis, maintaining long-term patency of the frontal sinus is a difficult challenge. Oral and topical anti-inflammatory therapy, post-operative stenting, and 'home-brew' drug elution have been used for the treatment of the frontal sinus with mixed success. Recently an implant has been approved for post-operative placement into the frontal recess...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090226/more-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-gives-significant-savings-a-systematic-review-and-health-economic-decision-model
#14
Eva Pike, Vida Hamidi, Tove Ringerike, Torbjorn Wisloff, Marianne Klemp
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are in need of renal replacement therapy as dialysis and/or transplantation. The prevalence of ESRD and, thus, the need for dialysis are constantly growing. The dialysis modalities are either peritoneal performed at home or hemodialysis (HD) performed in-center (hospital or satellite) or home. We examined effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HD performed at different locations (hospital, satellite, and home) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) at home in the Norwegian setting...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089799/positive-airway-pressure-therapies-and-hospitalization-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Monica M Vasquez, Leslie A McClure, Duane L Sherrill, Sanjay R Patel, Jerry Krishnan, Stefano Guerra, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) places a huge healthcare burden. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is sometimes used in COPD patients, but the possible impact on hospitalization risk remains controversial. We studied the hospitalization risk of COPD patients before and after initiation of various PAP therapies in a "real-world" bioinformatics study. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of administrative claims data of hospitalizations in patients with COPD who received or did not receive PAP therapy - continuous PAP, bilevel PAP, and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation using a home ventilator (NIPPV)...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089477/bioimpedance-and-fluid-status-in-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-dialysis
#16
Gregorio P Milani, Jaap W Groothoff, Federica A Vianello, Emilio F Fossali, Fabio Paglialonga, Alberto Edefonti, Carlo Agostoni, Dario Consonni, Dewi van Harskamp, Johannes B van Goudoever, Henk Schierbeek, Michiel J S Oosterveld
BACKGROUND: Assessment of hydration status in patients with chronic kidney failure treated by dialysis is crucial for clinical management decisions. Dilution techniques are considered the gold standard for measurement of body fluid volumes, but they are unfit for day-to-day care. Multifrequency bioimpedance has been shown to be of help in clinical practice in adults and its use in children and adolescents has been advocated. We investigated whether application of multifrequency bioimpedance is appropriate for total-body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurement in children and adolescents on dialysis therapy...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087496/digital-pills-to-measure-opioid-ingestion-patterns-in-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-fracture-pain-a-pilot-study
#17
Peter R Chai, Stephanie Carreiro, Brendan J Innes, Rochelle K Rosen, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Edward W Boyer
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to prescribed regimens for opioid analgesic agents contributes to increasing opioid abuse and overdose death. Opioids are frequently prescribed on an as-needed basis, placing the responsibility to determine opioid dose and frequency with the patient. There is wide variability in physician prescribing patterns because of the lack of data describing how patients actually use as-needed opioid analgesics. Digital pill systems have a radiofrequency emitter that directly measures medication ingestion events, and they provide an opportunity to discover the dose, timing, and duration of opioid therapy...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086849/successful-outcome-following-pneumonectomy-in-a-teenage-boy-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#18
Zheyi Liew, Santosh Mallikarjuna, Asif Hasan, F Kate Gould, Su Bunn, Matthew F Thomas, Jim L Lordan, Christopher O'Brien, Malcolm Brodlie
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis lung disease is generally a diffuse process however rarely one lung may become particularly damaged through chronic collapse and consolidation resulting in end-stage bronchiectasis with relative sparing of the contralateral lung. This clinical situation is sometimes referred to as "destroyed lung". Lung resection surgery is seldom indicated in cystic fibrosis and the associated medical literature is relatively sparse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14 year old boy was referred to our centre for lung transplantation assessment...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#19
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#20
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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