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glottic cancer

Jian Zhou, Liang Zhou, Lei Tao, Ming Zhang, Haitao Wu, Xiaoling Chen, Xiaoming Li, Cai Li, Hongli Gong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical results of patients with T3 glottic laryngeal carcinoma treated with total laryngectomy or partial laryngectomy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospectively review of 307 patients with T3 glottic laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). RESULTS: The 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rate was 71.5% and the overall survival (OS) rate was 70.6%. For patients who underwent total laryngectomy, the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 59...
March 30, 2018: Head & Neck
Peter T Dziegielewski, William J Reschly, Chris G Morris, Reordan Danny DeJesus, Natalie Silver, Brian J Boyce, Inocente Santiago, Robert J Amdur, William M Mendenhall
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for T3 glottic cancers continues to be debated. Organ preservation has become the standard of care, but not all tumors respond equally. The purpose of this was to investigate the long-term survival outcomes of organ preservation protocols based on tumor volume. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from 1966 to 2016 was performed. Patients with T3 vocal cord cancer treated with radiation therapy (RT) at the University of Florida were included...
April 2018: Oral Oncology
Hanna Klimza, Joanna Jackowska, Cesare Piazza, Jacek Banaszewski, Malgorzata Wierzbicka
INTRODUCTION: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. METHODS: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Olga Jurek-Matusiak, Piotr Wójtowicz, Tomasz Szafarowski, Antoni Krzeski
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to present the treatment outcomes after vertical partial laryngectomy with or without pedunculated sternothyroid muscle flap reconstruction following the resection of neoplasm-infiltrated vocal fold. The procedure was used in a patient with glottic cancer. Oncological outcomes, morphology of neo-vocal fold and the act of swallowing were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 45 patients with T1-T2 glottic cancer were subjected to vertical partial laryngectomy with 26 patients undergoing a procedure with pedunculated sternothyroid muscle flap reconstruction and the remaining 19 patients undergoing a procedure without such a reconstruction...
February 28, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
Shuo Ding, Junwei Huang, Zhigang Huang, Hongbo Xu, Wei Guo, Yang Zhang
BACKGROUND: The lack of standardized treatment is problematic in laser surgery for laryngeal cancer, and may result in an increased recurrence rate. This study analyzed the prognosis of early laryngeal carcinoma after different types of cordectomy with laser surgery. METHODS: A cohort of 818 patients with stage Tis or T1 primary early glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated with CO2 laser surgery was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 818 patients, According to the Kaplan-Meier method, the rate of 5-year overall survival was 92...
March 5, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Gemma Malpas, Orlando Hung, Ainslie Gilchrist, Chrison Wong, Blaine Kent, Gregory M Hirsch, Robert D Hart
While extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an effective method of oxygenation for patients with respiratory failure, further refinement of its incorporation into airway guidelines is needed. We present a case of severe glottic stenosis from advanced thyroid carcinoma in which gas exchange was facilitated by veno-arterial ECMO prior to achieving a definitive airway. We also conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, using the keywords "airway/ tracheal obstruction", "anesthesia", "extracorporeal", and "cardiopulmonary bypass" to identify reports where ECMO was initiated as the a priori method of oxygenation during difficult airway management...
March 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Frank Haubner, Anne Lorenz, Peter Kummer, J Carmelo Pérez Álvarez
Lipoinjections into the vocal folds are well established in otorhinolaryngology. Currently, lipofilling in patients with surgical defects after laser cordectomy is discussed. We describe a new device for liposuction and lipofilling for primary vocal fold reconstruction after laser cordectomy. A patient with a surgical defect after pT1a glottic cancer is presented. Primary lipoinjection after laser cordectomy was documented as a safe and easy method to reconstruct the surgical defect. No relevant complications have been observed...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Sylvia L van Egmond, Inge Stegeman, Frank A Pameijer, Johanna J Bluemink, Chris H Terhaard, Luuk M Janssen
Objective: In early glottic cancer, accurate assessment of tumor extension, including depth infiltration, is of great importance for both staging, therapeutic approach and systematic comparison of data. Our goal was to assess the diagnostic value of MRI in pre-therapeutic staging of primary early stage (T1 and T2) glottic carcinoma. Study design: Systematic review of literature. Methods: We conducted a systematic search in Pubmed, Embase, and Scopus up to September 23, 2016...
February 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Qiong Zhang, Ying Xiong, Ling Lin, Kun Yuan
This study investigated the factors affecting the surgical treatment effect on patients with laryngeal cancer. The clinical data (including the sex, age, smoking index, drinking, primary tumor site, tumor (T) stage, lymph nodes (N) stage, tumor differentiation degree, tumor diameter, surgical method, lymph node metastasis and cervical lymph node dissection) of 215 patients with laryngeal cancer in The Central Hospital of Wuhan were analyzed retrospectively; the survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method; log-rank test was used for single-factor analysis, while Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multiple-factor analysis...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Eddy Wh Lam, Michael Mh Chan, Cynthia Kc Wai, Chi Man Ngai, Zigui Chen, Martin Cs Wong, Apple Cm Yeung, Joanna Hm Tong, Amy Bw Chan, K F To, Paul Ks Chan
Objective Delineate the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in laryngeal cancer in Southern Chinese. Study Design A retrospective cross-sectional study. Setting A major otorhinolaryngology referral center in Hong Kong. Subjects and Methods Eighty-five Chinese patients with histology-confirmed laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) diagnosed between 2005 and 2010 were examined for the status of HPV by PCR, and the expression of p16 and p53 by immunohistochemistry. The HPV, p16 and p53 findings were correlated with clinicopathological features, recurrence and 5-year survival...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Hrishikesh Hazarika, Anudeep Saxena, Pradeep Meshram, Ajay Kumar Bhargava
Purpose: Several devices are available to take care of difficult airway, but C-MAC D-Blade has scant evidence of its use in nasotracheal intubation in a difficult airway scenario. Aims and Objectives: We compared the C-MAC D-Blade videolaryngoscope™ , and the standard Macintosh laryngoscope for nasal intubation in patients with difficult airways selected by El-Ganzouri risk index using parameters of time and attempts required for intubation, glottic view in terms of Cormack-Lehane grade, ease of intubation, success rate, use of accessory maneuvers, incidence of complications, and hemodynamic changes...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
T Kodaira, Y Kagami, T Shibata, N Shikama, Y Nishimura, S Ishikura, K Nakamura, Y Saito, Y Matsumoto, T Teshima, Y Ito, T Akimoto, K Nakata, T Toshiyasu, K Nakagawa, Y Nagata, T Nishimura, T Uno, M Kataoka, A Yorozu, M Hiraoka
Background: We assessed the non-inferiority of accelerated fractionation (AF) (2.4 Gy/fraction) compared with standard fractionation (SF) (2 Gy/fraction) regarding progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with T1-2N0M0 glottic cancer (GC). Patients and Methods: In this multi-institutional, randomized, phase 3 trial, patients were enrolled from 32 Japanese institutions. Key inclusion criteria were GC T1 - 2N0M0, age 20 - 80, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 - 1, and adequate organ function...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Thomas Schweiger, Konrad Hoetzenecker, Imme Roesner, Berit Schneider-Stickler, Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert, Walter Klepetko
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is a severe complication after laryngotracheal (LT) surgery. The reduced glottic opening leads to significant respiratory distress immediately after the operation and requires the placement of a tracheostomy in most cases. Patients with a pre-existing unilateral VFP or expected recurrent nerve resection are at the highest risk for glottic failure. These patients might benefit from a pre-emptive glottic enlargement before LT surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who received a pre-emptive glottis enlargement before LT surgery at the Medical University of Vienna from October 2011 to December 2016...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Mei Jiang, Hui Zhang, He Xiao, Zhimin Zhang, Dan Que, Jia Luo, Jian Li, Bijing Mao, Yuanyuan Chen, Meilin Lan, Ge Wang, Hualiang Xiao
The present study was undertaken to explore the association between the expression of hepatocyte growth factor receptor (c-Met) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with clinicopathological factors and survival status, to obtain prognostic biomarkers in patients with glottis laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (GLSCC). The expression status of c-Met and EGFR protein was analyzed in 71 archival laryngeal cancer samples by immunohistochemistry. Statistical methods, including univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, were used to determine risk factors of progression...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Ivana Fiz, Jan Constantin Koelmel, Christian Sittel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Summarize recent findings regarding the impact of margin status on oncologic outcomes and organ preservation, as well as evaluate possible management policies of close and positive margins after transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for Tis-T2 glottic carcinomas. RECENT FINDINGS: Impact of margin status on survival rates remains controversial, whereas some authors found close and positive margins to be independent risk factors for recurrence and poorer survival rates, others did not find any significant variations compared with negative ones...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
José Luis Che-Morales, Esperanza Figueroa-Hurtado, Arturo Cortes-Télles
BACKGROUND: Based on international epidemiology, some laryngeal diseases could be more frequent at certain ages. The objective was to describe endoscopic findings in patients through distinct decades of age in a laryngoscopy facility. METHODS: retrospective and descriptive study; clinical and endoscopic records were collected from 1493 procedures performed between 2009 and 2015, and organized in five groups of age for analysis. Differences among them were analyzed by chi squared and ANOVA...
January 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Caitlin Bertelsen, Lindsay Reder
OBJECTIVE: As phonomicrosurgical techniques have evolved, endoscopic cordectomy (EC) has been used more commonly for early-stage glottic cancer. Patients undergoing more extensive surgery often experience significant postoperative dysphonia for which there is no standard treatment. Surgical options include injection laryngoplasty and thyroplasty. We reviewed the literature to evaluate the efficacy of thyroplasty after EC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify studies of adults undergoing thyroplasty for dysphonia after EC for glottic cancer...
March 2018: Laryngoscope
Yda van Loon, Martine Hendriksma, Ton P M Langeveld, Martin A de Jong, Rob J Baatenburg de Jong, Elisabeth V Sjögren
OBJECTIVE: For early glottic carcinoma, the 2 main treatment modalities are radiotherapy (RT) and transoral CO2 laser microsurgery (TLM). The aim of this study was to investigate treatment preferences and considerations in patients with early glottic carcinoma (T1-T2) who were given a choice between TLM and RT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with early glottic cancer (suspected or confirmed extended T1 or limited T2) were counseled by an ENT-surgeon. A subset of 32 patients was also counseled by a radiotherapist...
March 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Yue Ma, Rebecca Green, Daniel McCabe, Leanne Goldberg, Peak Woo
OBJECTIVES: Long-term voice outcome (LTVO) after radiation (XRT) or trans-oral laser microsurgery (TLM) is unclear. This study is a multi-modality analysis of LTVO following XRT or TLM in patients with early glottic cancer. We hypothesize that as compared with TLM, LTVO is worse in the XRT group because of progressive fibrosis in the glottic tissue MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and two patients with early glottic carcinoma (carcinoma in situ, T1, T2) were included. Multi-modality voice analyses were performed with self-perception using Voice Handicap Index-10, objective analysis using Analysis of Dysphonia in Speech and Voice Software (Cepstral Spectral Index of Dysphonia score for Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice sentences), and perceptual rating by two blinded speech language pathologists (GRBAS scale)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Seiji Hosokawa, Satoru Takebayashi, Hiroyuki Mineta
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive therapy used in the treatment of premalignant and malignant diseases, including head and neck carcinomas. It can be applied before or after chemotherapy, irradiation, or surgery. Unlike irradiation and surgery, it can be repeated many times at the same site, and it is also associated with better cosmetic and functional outcomes [1]. We have treated 10 patients with laryngeal carcinomas with PDT since 1998, and herein we describe two such patients who developed vocal cord adhesion due to PDT...
November 29, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
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