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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102971/how-is-physical-activity-measured-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-and-their-psychometric-properties
#1
REVIEW
Lara Edbrooke, Linda Denehy, Selina M Parry, Ronan Astin, Sandy Jack, Catherine L Granger
Physical activity (PA) levels are low in patients with lung cancer. Emerging evidence supports the use of interventions to increase PA in this population. We aimed to (1) identify and synthesize outcome measures which assess PA levels in patients with lung cancer and (2) to evaluate, synthesize and compare the psychometric properties of these measures. A systematic review of articles from searches was conducted of five electronic databases and personal records. Eligible studies were those which assessed PA using either performance-based or patient-reported measures...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102901/risk-of-arrhythmic-death-in-ischemic-heart-disease-a-prospective-controlled-observer-blind-investigation-over-10-years
#2
Thomas Pezawas, André Diedrich, David Robertson, Robert Winker, Bernhard Richter, Li Wang, Herwig Schmidinger
BACKGROUND: Risk of arrhythmic death is considered highest in ischemic heart disease with severe left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reduction. Non-invasive testing should improve decision-making of prophylactic defibrillator (ICD) implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 120 patients with ischemic heart disease and LVEF <50% and 30 control subjects without ischemic heart disease and normal LVEF. An initial assessment, a second assessment after 3 years, and a final follow-up comprised of: pharmacological baroreflex testing (BRS), short-term spectral (low frequency (LF) to high frequency (HF) ratio) and long-term time domain analysis of heart rate variability (SDNN), exercise Microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) and others...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102534/evacuation-performance-evaluation-tool
#3
Sharon Farra, Elaine T Miller, Matthew Gneuhs, Nathan Timm, Gengxin Li, Ashley Simon, Whittney Brady
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals conduct evacuation exercises to improve performance during emergency events. An essential aspect in this process is the creation of reliable and valid evaluation tools. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implications of a disaster evacuation performance tool that measures one portion of the very complex process of evacuation. DESIGN: Through the application of the Delphi technique and DeVellis's framework, disaster and neonatal experts provided input in developing this performance evaluation tool...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102488/performance-and-side-effects-of-supplementation-with-n-acetylcysteine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Kate Rhodes, Andrea Braakhuis
BACKGROUND: N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is a promising antioxidant supplement with potential as an acute strategy to enhance performance in elite sport, but there are concerns about its side effects with high doses. OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature and evaluate the effects of NAC supplementation on sport performance and the risk of adverse effects. METHODS: The literature up to May 2016 was searched on MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar and Scopus databases to identify all studies investigating the effects of NAC supplementation on exercise performance and/or side effects experienced...
January 19, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#5
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102154/effectiveness-of-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-by-spinecor-dynamic-bracing-with-special-physiotherapy-programme-in-spinecor-system
#6
Karina Rożek, Tomasz Potaczek, Maja Zarzycka, Ewa Lipik, Barbara Jasiewicz
BACKGROUND: The SpineCor dynamic brace for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis is designed to maintain the correct position of the spine and a new movement strategy for 20 hours per day. The SpineCor exercise system intensifies and complements the brace treatment. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a comprehensive treatment of idiopathic scoliosis involving the SpineCor system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study assessed a group of 40 patients (38 girls and 2 boys) with idiopathic scoliosis treated with the SpineCor brace...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101776/plyometric-exercise-and-bone-health-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, José A Casajús, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Many jumping interventions have been performed in children and adolescents in order to improve bone-related variables and thus, ensure a healthy bone development during these periods and later in life. This systematic review aims to summarize and update present knowledge regarding the effects that jumping interventions may have on bone mass, structure and metabolism in order to ascertain the efficacy and durability (duration of the effects caused by the intervention) of the interventions...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101732/the-analysis-of-knee-joint-loading-during-drop-landing-from-different-heights-and-under-different-instruction-sets-in-healthy-males
#8
Dmitry Verniba, Jason D Vescovi, David A Hood, William H Gage
BACKGROUND: Mechanical loading during exercise has been shown to promote tissue remodeling. Safe and accessible exercise may be beneficial to populations at risk of diminished bone and joint health. We examined the effect of drop height and instruction on knee loading during a drop-landing task and proposed a task that makes use of drop heights that may be appropriate for rehabilitation purposes and functional in daily life to examine transient knee joint loads. METHODS: Twenty males (22...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101699/humanity-at-the-edge-the-moral-laboratory-of-feeding-precarious-lives
#9
Mette N Svendsen, Iben M Gjødsbøl, Mie S Dam, Laura E Navne
At the heart of anthropology and the social sciences lies a notion of human existence according to which humans and animals share the basic need for food, but only humans have the capacity for morality. Based on fieldwork in a pig laboratory, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and a dementia nursing home, we follow practices of feeding precarious lives lacking most markers of human personhood, including the exercise of moral judgment. Despite the absence of such markers, laboratory researchers and caregivers in these three sites do not abstain from engaging in questions about the moral status of the piglets, infants, and people with dementia in their care...
January 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101562/effects-of-wheelchair-propulsion-on-neuropathic-pain-and-resting-electroencephalography-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Gosuke Sato, Michihiro Osumi, Shu Morioka
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of wheelchair propulsion on neuropathic pain and to examine resting electroencephalography pre- and post-wheelchair propulsion after spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven individuals with spinal cord injury and pain and 10 healthy controls. METHODS: Single-session 15-min wheelchair propulsion and measurement of resting electroence-phalography. Effects of wheelchair propulsion were investigated using numerical rating scale (NRS) for neuropathic pain and short-form Profile of Mood States-Brief for mood...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101557/high-incidence-of-falls-and-fall-related-injuries-in-wheelchair-users-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-study-of-risk-indicators
#11
Emelie Butler Forslund, Vivien Jørgensen, Erika Franzén, Arve Opheim, Åke Seiger, Agneta Ståhle, Claes Hultling, Johan K Stanghelle, Kirsti Skavberg Roaldsen, Kerstin Wahman
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk indicators for, and incidence of, recurrent falls and fall-related injuries in wheelchair users with traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Prospective multi-centre study. SUBJECTS: One hundred and forty-nine wheelchair users with spinal cord injury attending follow-up in Sweden and Norway. METHODS: Inclusion criteria: wheelchair users ≥ 18 years old with traumatic spinal cord injury ≥ 1 year post-injury...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101321/switching-away-from-pipotiazine-palmitate-a-naturalistic-study
#13
Feras Ali Mustafa
BACKGROUND: In March 2015, pipotiazine palmitate depot antipsychotic was globally withdrawn due to the shortage of its active ingredient. Thus, all patients receiving this medication had to be switched to an alternative antipsychotic drug. In this study we set to evaluate the process of switching away from pipotiazine palmitate within our clinical service, and its impact on hospitalization. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on patients who were receiving pipotiazine palmitate in Northamptonshire at the time of its withdrawal were anonymously extracted from their electronic records and analyzed using descriptive statistics...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101273/who-scared-the-cat-a-molecular-crime-scene-investigation-laboratory-exercise
#14
Laura E Ott, Susan D Carson
This introductory laboratory exercise gives first-year life science majors or nonmajors an opportunity to gain knowledge and experience in basic bioinformatics and molecular biology laboratory techniques and analysis in the context of a mock crime scene investigation. In this laboratory, students determine if a human (Lady) or dog (Kona) committed the fictional crime of scaring a cat. Students begin by performing in silico PCR using provided dog- and human-specific PCR primers to determine the sequences to be amplified and predict PCR amplicon sizes...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101271/the-impact-of-an-interactive-statistics-module-on-novices-development-of-scientific-process-skills-and-attitudes-in-a-first-semester-research-foundations-course
#15
Lynnsay A Marsan, Christina E D'Arcy, Jeffrey T Olimpo
Evidence suggests that incorporating quantitative reasoning exercises into existent curricular frameworks within the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines is essential for novices' development of conceptual understanding and process skills in these domains. Despite this being the case, such studies acknowledge that students often experience difficulty in applying mathematics in the context of scientific problems. To address this concern, the present study sought to explore the impact of active demonstrations and critical reading exercises on novices' comprehension of basic statistical concepts, including hypothesis testing, experimental design, and interpretation of research findings...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101264/ripped-from-the-headlines-using-current-events-and-deliberative-democracy-to-improve-student-performance-in-and-perceptions-of-nonmajors-biology-courses
#16
Heather N Tinsley
Despite the importance of scientific literacy, many foundational science courses are plagued by low student engagement and performance. In an attempt to improve student outcomes, an introductory biology course for nonscience majors was redesigned to present the course content within the framework of current events and deliberative democratic exercises. During each instructional unit of the redesigned course, students were presented with a highly publicized policy question rooted in biological principles and currently facing lawmakers...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101263/team-based-learning-in-a-pipeline-course-in-medical-microbiology-for-under-represented-student-populations-in-medicine-improves-learning-of-microbiology-concepts
#17
K C Behling, M M Murphy, J Mitchell-Williams, H Rogers-McQuade, O J Lopez
As part of an undergraduate pipeline program at our institution for students from underrepresented minorities in medicine backgrounds, we created an intensive four-week medical microbiology course. Team-based learning (TBL) was implemented in this course to enhance student learning of course content. Three different student cohorts participated in the study, and there were no significant differences in their prior academic achievement based on their undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and pre-course examination scores...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101262/the-use-of-group-activities-in-introductory-biology-supports-learning-gains-and-uniquely-benefits-high-achieving-students
#18
Gili Marbach-Ad, Carly H Rietschel, Neeti Saluja, Karen L Carleton, Eric S Haag
This study describes the implementation and effectiveness of small-group active engagement (GAE) exercises in an introductory biology course (BSCI207) taught in a large auditorium setting. BSCI207 (Principles of Biology III-Organismal Biology) is the third introductory core course for Biological Sciences majors. In fall 2014, the instructors redesigned one section to include GAE activities to supplement lecture content. One section (n = 198) employed three lectures per week. The other section (n = 136) replaced one lecture per week with a GAE class...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100544/oscillatory-whole-body-vibration-improves-exercise-capacity-and-physical-performance-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-randomised-clinical-study
#19
Felix Gerhardt, Daniel Dumitrescu, Carina Gärtner, Ralf Beccard, Thomas Viethen, Tilmann Kramer, Stephan Baldus, Martin Hellmich, Eckhard Schönau, Stephan Rosenkranz
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), supportive therapies may be beneficial in addition to targeted medical treatment. Here, we evaluated the effectiveness and safety of oscillatory whole-body vibration (WBV) in patients on stable PAH therapy. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with PAH (mean PAP≥25 mm Hg and pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP)≤15 mm Hg) who were in world health organization (WHO)-Functional Class II or III and on stable PAH therapy for≥3 months, were randomised to receive WBV (16 sessions of 1-hour duration within 4 weeks) or to a control group, that subsequently received WBV...
January 18, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100524/making-robust-assessments-of-specialist-trainees-workplace-performance
#20
J M Weller, D J Castanelli, Y Chen, B Jolly
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments should provide a reliable measure of trainee performance, but have met with mixed success. We proposed that using an entrustability scale, where supervisors scored trainees on the level of supervision required for the case would improve the utility of compulsory mini-clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) assessments in a large anaesthesia training program. METHODS: We analysed mini-CEX scores from all Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists trainees submitted to an online database over a 12-month period...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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