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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926890/physical-activity-exercise-and-diabetes-a-position-statement-of-the-american-diabetes-association
#1
REVIEW
Sheri R Colberg, Ronald J Sigal, Jane E Yardley, Michael C Riddell, David W Dunstan, Paddy C Dempsey, Edward S Horton, Kristin Castorino, Deborah F Tate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926543/effects-of-exercise-interventions-and-physical-activity-behavior-on-cancer-related-cognitive-impairments-an-update
#2
Nils Schaffrath, Max Oberste, Philipp Zimmer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to give an update on studies investigating the influence of physical activity behavior and exercise interventions on cancer-related cognitive impairments. RECENT FINDINGS: Cross-sectional and observational studies underline previous findings, revealing an association of cancer patients' fitness and their cognitive functions. Results from interventional studies are sparse. Only one study investigated self-perceived cognitive function in breast cancer patients as a secondary outcome, indicating no effects...
December 6, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926448/increasing-self-directed-training-in-neurorehabilitation-patients-through-competition
#3
B Studer, H Van Dijk, R Handermann, S Knecht
This proof-of-concept study aimed to test whether competition could be a useful tool to increase intensity and amount of self-directed training in neurorehabilitation. Stroke patients undergoing inpatient neurorehabilitation (n=93) conducted self-directed endurance training on a (wheelchair-compatible) bicycle trainer under three experimental conditions: a "Competition" condition and two noncompetition control conditions (repeated randomized within-subject design). Training performance and perceived exertion were recorded and statistically analyzed...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926441/a-benefit-cost-framework-of-motivation-for-a-specific-activity
#4
B Studer, S Knecht
How can an individual be motivated to perform a target exercise or activity? This question arises in training, therapeutic, and education settings alike, yet despite-or even because of-the large range of extant motivation theories, finding a clear answer to this question can be challenging. Here we propose an application-friendly framework of motivation for a specific activity or exercise that incorporates core concepts from several well-regarded psychological and economic theories of motivation. The key assumption of this framework is that motivation for performing a given activity is determined by the expected benefits and the expected costs of (performance of) the activity...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925859/home-and-community-based-service-and-other-senior-service-use-prevalence-and-characteristics-in-a-national-sample
#5
Amanda Sonnega, Kristen Robinson, Helen Levy
We report on the use of home- and community-based services and other senior services and factors affecting utilization of both among Americans over age 60 in the Health and Retirement Study. Those using home- and community-based services were more likely than to be older, single, Black, lower income, receiving Medicaid, and in worse health. Past use of less traditional senior services, such as exercise classes and help with tax preparation, were found to are associated with current use of home- and community-based services...
December 7, 2016: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925640/diagnosis-and-management-of-distal-clavicle-osteolysis
#6
Steven F DeFroda, Christopher Nacca, Gregory R Waryasz, Brett D Owens
Distal clavicle osteolysis is an uncommon condition that most commonly affects weight lifters and other athletes who perform repetitive overhead activity. Although this condition most commonly presents in young active men, it is becoming increasing more common in women with the rise in popularity of body building and extreme athletics. Distal clavicle osteolysis can be debilitating, especially in those with rigorous training regimens, preventing exercise because of pain with activities such as bench presses and chest flies...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925529/respiratory-nursing-at-a-glance-preston-wendy-and-kelly-carol-respiratory-nursing-at-a-glance-152pp-%C3%A2-27-99-wiley-blackwell-9781119048305-1119048303-formula-see-text
#7
(no author information available yet)
This text presents information on respiratory conditions in a succinct manner, beginning with an overview of the historical context of respiratory nursing and moving on to discuss anatomy and physiology, epidemiology, exercise, nutrition and pulmonary rehabilitation.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925430/pulmonary-hypertension-as-estimated-by-doppler-echocardiography-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-relationship-with-clinical-lung-function-and-sleep-findings
#8
Bruna Ziegler, Christiano Perin, Fernanda Cano Casarotto, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Sérgio Saldanha Menna-Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
BACKGROUND: In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, end stage of pulmonary disease is characterized by pulmonary hypertension (PH), hypoxemia, decrease in exercise tolerance and sleep quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between clinical, lung function, sleep quality and polysomnographic variables with PH in CF patients aged 16 years or older. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 51 clinically stable CF patients underwent a clinical evaluation, an overnight polysomnography and answered sleep questionnaires (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index - PSQI and Epworth sleepiness scale - ESS)...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925380/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-polymorphisms-and-postexercise-hypotension-in-hypertensive-medicated-individuals
#9
Karla F Goessler, Marcos D Polito, Gloria de F Mota, Edilamar M de Oliveira, Véronique A Cornelissen
The renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) is associated with diverse physiological responses and adaptations to exercise. The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) 2 has vasodilatory effects, which might be associated with the blood pressure (BP) responses to acute exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ACE2 polymorphisms in postexercise hypotension (PEH). Thirty-four medicated hypertensive (61·3 ± 1·7 years, 76·1 ± 2·7 kg, 160 ± 1·6 cm) men (n = 12) and women (n = 22), participated in a control and a moderate intensity exercise session in a randomized order...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925370/the-role-of-enjoyment-in-exercise-for-people-with-arthritis-four-different-viewpoints-from-a-q-methodology-study
#10
Julia R Kibblewhite, Roisin S M Hegarty, Simon Stebbings, Gareth J Treharne
PURPOSE: There is limited research on the role of enjoyment of exercise among people with arthritis. The aim of the present study was to determine distinct viewpoints on exercise held by people with arthritis, and how enjoyment features in these viewpoints. METHODS: A Q-methodology study was conducted, which involved two interviews with people with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or ankylosing spondylitis (aged 20-85 years). In the first interviews, 11 participants helped to create the Q-set, a set of statements reflecting a range of existing views on exercising...
December 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925359/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-intervention-on-markers-of-insulin-resistance-in-breast-cancer-women
#11
E Bruno, E Roveda, J Vitale, A Montaruli, F Berrino, A Villarini, E Venturelli, G Gargano, L Galasso, A Caumo, F Carandente, P Pasanisi
Insulin may affect breast cancer (BC) risk and prognosis. Exercise reduces insulin in obese BC survivors. We designed a randomised controlled trial to test the effect of an aerobic exercise intervention (AEI) on insulin parameters and body composition in non-obese BC women without insulin resistance. Thirty-eight BC women were randomised into an intervention group (IG = 18) or control group (CG = 20). IG participated in a structured AEI for 3 months, while CG received only the Word Cancer Research Fund/American Institute Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) recommendation to be physically active...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925326/navigating-physical-activity-engagement-following-a-diagnosis-of-cancer-a-qualitative-exploration
#12
C Cummins, N M Kayes, J Reeve, G Smith, R MacLeod, K M McPherson
This qualitative descriptive study explored cancer survivors' experiences of barriers and facilitators to undertaking physical activity to inform how services and professionals might offer better support. Purposive and theoretical sampling was used to recruit 25 people who were up to 5 years post-cancer diagnosis. Participants took part in face to face, semi-structured interviews, and transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. The analysis identified five interrelated themes which represented cancer survivors' views: 1) You're on your own-a sense of abandonment post-treatment, and lack of sufficient and tailored information; 2) Dis-ease-disruption to self and identity, and a heightened awareness of physical self and fragility; 3) Becoming acclimatised-physical activity in the face of treatment-related side effects and residual impairment; 4) Importance of others-encouragement and support from health professionals, family and friends, and cancer-specific exercise groups; 5) Meanings people ascribed to physical activity-these were central and could help or hinder engagement...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925241/vertebral-subluxation-repair-in-a-pet-goat
#13
Sara Nannarone, Enrico Bellezza, Yves P Moens, Paula Larenza Menzies
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perioperative management, including surgery, anesthesia, metabolic derangements, and physiotherapy, in a goat referred for paraparesis secondary to a road traffic accident. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: 2-year-old mixed breed dwarf 44 kg female pet goat. METHODS: Clinical examination showed symptoms of early compensatory stages of shock, paraparesis with hyperextension of the thoracic limbs, pain on palpation of the thoracolumbar spine, increased patellar reflexes of both pelvic limbs without superficial sensitivity, but preserved deep pain sensation...
December 7, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924738/promoting-healthy-aging-intervening-with-diet-drugs-or-exercise
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pathobiology of Aging & Age related Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924285/habit-of-eating-breakfast-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-hypertension
#15
Tae Sic Lee, Jai Soon Kim, Yoo Jung Hwang, Yon Chul Park
BACKGROUND: The association between skipping breakfast and cardio-metabolic syndrome is well known. However, there are very few Korean studies about the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension in a healthy Korean population. METHODS: Participants in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) were enrolled for this study...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924137/exercise-induced-stress-behavior-gut-microbiota-brain-axis-and-diet-a-systematic-review-for-athletes
#16
REVIEW
Allison Clark, Núria Mach
Fatigue, mood disturbances, under performance and gastrointestinal distress are common among athletes during training and competition. The psychosocial and physical demands during intense exercise can initiate a stress response activating the sympathetic-adrenomedullary and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes, resulting in the release of stress and catabolic hormones, inflammatory cytokines and microbial molecules. The gut is home to trillions of microorganisms that have fundamental roles in many aspects of human biology, including metabolism, endocrine, neuronal and immune function...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924055/lifestyle-interventions-to-prevent-cardiovascular-events-after-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Inger A Deijle, Sander M Van Schaik, Erwin E H Van Wegen, Henry C Weinstein, Gert Kwakkel, Renske M Van den Berg-Vos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke have an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether lifestyle interventions focusing on behaviorally modifiable risk factors with or without an exercise program are effective in terms of (1) preventing recurrent cardiovascular events, (2) reducing mortality, and (3) improving modifiable risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in patients after a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke...
December 6, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923983/sex-differences-in-function-and-structure-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#18
Pilar Ausín, Juana Martínez-Llorens, Marina Sabaté-Bresco, Carme Casadevall, Esther Barreiro, Joaquim Gea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disorder with extrapulmonary manifestations. Even though there is some knowledge regarding sex differences in the lung disease, little is known about extrapulmonary manifestations. Our aim was to analyze the specific profile of muscle dysfunction, structure, and biology in COPD women. Twenty-one women and 19 men with stable COPD as well as 15 controls were included. Nutritional status, physical activity, lung and muscle function, exercise capacity, and quality of life were assessed...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#19
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923980/humanin-skeletal-muscle-protein-levels-increase-after-resistance-training-in-men-with-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#20
Eva-Karin Gidlund, Ferdinand von Walden, Mika Venojärvi, Ulf Risérus, Olli J Heinonen, Jessica Norrbom, Carl Johan Sundberg
Humanin (HN) is a mitochondrially encoded and secreted peptide linked to glucose metabolism and tissue protecting mechanisms. Whether skeletal muscle HN gene or protein expression is influenced by exercise remains unknown. In this intervention study we show, for the first time, that HN protein levels increase in human skeletal muscle following 12 weeks of resistance training in persons with prediabetes. Male subjects (n = 55) with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) were recruited and randomly assigned to resistance training, Nordic walking or a control group...
December 2016: Physiological Reports
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