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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793151/effect-of-two-months-whole-body-vibration-on-hoof-growth-rate-in-the-horse-a-pilot-study
#1
Bart Tom Halsberghe
Hoof problems are commonly seen in veterinary practice and manipulation of hoof growth rate can be practical and beneficial for that matter. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) on hoof growth rate of front feet in the horse. The study was an experimental, single subject, repeated measure design, with all horses serving as control and treatment. Ten horses were subject to WBV, 30 min, twice daily, five days a week, for 60 days in addition to their regular exercise routine...
May 16, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#2
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793014/calf-muscle-oxygen-saturation-during-six-minute-walk-test-and-its-relationship-with-walking-impairment-in-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#3
Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Gabriel G Cucato, Wagner J R Domingues, Antônio H Germano-Soares, Bruno R Cavalcante, Marilia A Correia, Glauco F Saes, Nelson Wolosker, Andrew W Gardner, Antônio E Zerati, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
OBJECTIVE: Impaired microcirculation is associated with poor walking capacity in symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) patients during treadmill test, however, this test does not simulate the efforts of daily walking of these patients. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the microcirculation responses during six-minute walk test (6MWT) and to analyze the relationship between microcirculation indicators and walking impairment in symptomatic PAD patients. METHODS: Thirty-four patients were included (mean age = 67...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792821/exhaustive-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-alteration-of-erythrocyte-oxygen-release-capacity
#4
Yanlian Xiong, Yanlei Xiong, Yueming Wang, Yajin Zhao, Yaojin Li, Yang Ren, Ruofeng Wang, Mingzi Zhao, Yitong Hao, Haibei Liu, Xiang Wang
The aim of the present study is to explore the effect of exhaustive running exercise (ERE) in the oxygen release capacity of rat erythrocytes. Rats were divided into sedentary control (C), moderate running exercise (MRE) and exhaustive running exercise groups. The thermodynamics and kinetics properties of the erythrocyte oxygen release process of different groups were tested. We also determined the degree of band-3 oxidative and phosphorylation, anion transport activity and carbonic anhydrase isoform II(CAII) activity...
May 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792574/evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-for-pelvic-floor-exercises
#5
Michelle N Han, Tamara Grisales, Aparna Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor exercises are effective in improving muscle strength and urinary incontinence symptoms. Increasingly popular mobile applications can be effective in teaching patients these exercises. INTRODUCTION: A mobile application, Bwom© , aims to educate women about pelvic floor exercises with individually tailored plans relevant to the user's risk factors. The objective of this study is to assess the understandability and actionability of Bwom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of patients and providers at an academic medical center...
May 24, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792554/effect-of-acetazolamide-and-methazolamide-on-diaphragm-and-dorsiflexor-fatigue-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Paolo B Dominelli, Chris J McNeil, Tyler Dennis Vermeulen, Troy J R Stuckless, Courtney V Brown, Giulio S Dominelli, Erik Richard Swenson, Lucas J Teppema, Glen Edward Foster
Acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor used clinically and to prevent acute mountain sickness, worsens skeletal muscle fatigue in animals and humans. In animals, methazolamide, a methylated analogue of acetazolamide and an equally potent CA inhibitor, reportedly exacerbates fatigue less than acetazolamide. Accordingly, we sought to determine, in humans, if methazolamide would attenuate diaphragm and dorsiflexor fatigue compared to acetazolamide. Healthy men (dorsiflexor: n=12; diaphragm: n=7) performed fatiguing exercise on three occasions, after ingesting acetazolamide (250 mg three times a day) and then in random order, methazolamide (100 mg twice a day) or placebo for 48 h...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792553/mitochondrial-complex-i-defect-resulting-from-exercise-induced-lower-limb-ischemia-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#7
Isabelle Signolet, Pierre Abraham, Stéphanie Chupin, Myriam Ammi, Naïg Gueguen, Franck Letournel, Jean Picquet, Christophe Baufreton, Mickael Daligault, Vincent Procaccio, Pascal Reynier, Samir Henni
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the structural and mitochondrial alterations between muscle segments affected by exercise-induced ischemia and segments of the same muscle without ischemia, in the same subject. METHODS: In a prospective analysis, 34 patients presenting either peripheral arterial disease or chronic coronary syndrome without any evidence of peripheral arterial disease were eligible for inclusion based on findings indicating a need for either a femoro-popliteal bypass or a saphenous harvesting for coronary bypass...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792542/defining-bladder-health-in-women-and-girls-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-public-health-promotion
#8
Emily S Lukacz, Tamara G Bavendam, Amanda Berry, Cynthia S Fok, Sheila Gahagan, Patricia S Goode, Cecilia T Hardacker, Jeni Hebert-Beirne, Cora E Lewis, Jessica Lewis, Lisa Kane Low, Jerry L Lowder, Mary H Palmer, Ariana L Smith, Sonya S Brady
BACKGROUND: Bladder health in women and girls is poorly understood, in part, due to absence of a definition for clinical or research purposes. This article describes the process used by a National Institutes of Health funded transdisciplinary research team (The Prevention of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms [PLUS] Consortium) to develop a definition of bladder health. METHODS: The PLUS Consortium identified currently accepted lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and outlined elements of storage and emptying functions of the bladder...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792472/effects-of-exercise-on-experimentally-manipulated-craving-for-cannabis-a-preliminary-study
#9
Sandy D Wilson, R Lorraine Collins, Mark A Prince, Paula C Vincent
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and craving for cannabis is related to cannabis use. Exercise has been demonstrated to reduce craving for substances. To examine the effects of exercise on cannabis craving, we conducted a 3-week within-subject crossover experiment. Young-adult men (n = 35) and women (n = 11), age 18-25 years (M = 20.76, SD = 1.68), who regularly (≥3 times per week) used cannabis participated in a cue exposure paradigm to stimulate craving. After each of three separate craving inductions, they completed a 10-min bout of exercise that varied in intensity (rest, moderate, vigorous)...
May 24, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792339/pulmonary-hypertension-in-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Emma Pascall, Robert Mr Tulloh
Pulmonary hypertension is defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mmHg. We focus on its relevance in congenital heart disease, reviewing pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Pulmonary hypertension is a relatively common complication of congenital heart disease, with adult prevalence between 5 and 10%. A multifactorial cause is recognized, relating to the size and nature of cardiac defect as well as environmental and genetic factors. More complex disease is increasingly recognized rather than pure Eisenmenger complex...
May 24, 2018: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792299/a-simple-evidence-based-approach-to-help-guide-diagnosis-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#11
Yogesh N V Reddy, Rickey E Carter, Masaru Obokata, Margaret M Redfield, Barry A Borlaug
Background -Diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is challenging in euvolemic patients with dyspnea, and no evidence-based criteria are available. We sought to develop and then validate non-invasive diagnostic criteria that could be used to estimate the likelihood that HFpEF is present among patients with unexplained dyspnea in order to guide further testing. Methods -Consecutive patients with unexplained dyspnea referred for invasive hemodynamic exercise testing were retrospectively evaluated...
May 23, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791970/effect-of-high-intensity-resistance-circuit-based-training-in-hypoxia-on-aerobic-performance-and-repeat-sprint-ability
#13
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Guillermo Olcina, Cristian Marín-Pagán, Francisco J Martínez-Noguera, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent acute studies have shown that high-intensity resistance circuit-based (HRC) training in hypoxia increases metabolic stress. However, no intervention studies have yet proven their effectiveness. This study aimed to analyse the effect of 8 weeks of HRC in hypoxia on aerobic performance, resting energy expenditure (REE), repeat sprint ability (RSA) and haematological variables. Twenty-eight subjects were assigned to hypoxia (FiO2 =15%; HRChyp : n=15; age: 24.6±6.8 years; height: 177.4±5.9 cm; weight: 74...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791956/accessory-muscles-of-the-extremities
#14
Filip M Vanhoenacker, Julie Desimpel, Marc Mespreuve, Alberto Tagliafico
Accessory muscles and variations are not uncommon at the upper and lower extremity. They are often overlooked because they are asymptomatic and present as incidental findings on imaging. However, they may present as a soft tissue swelling, thereby mimicking soft tissue tumors. Other symptoms are attributed to impingement on neurovascular structures and to exercise-related pain. Thorough knowledge of the anatomy, systematic imaging analysis, and the awareness of it are the clues to correct identification. On ultrasound, accessory muscles have a similar echotexture as other muscles, whereas the signal intensity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is similar to muscle...
July 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791847/neutrophils-provide-a-favorable-il-1-mediated-immunometabolic-niche-that-primes-glut4-translocation-and-performance-in-skeletal-muscles
#15
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Shigenori Sekiai, Hiroyasu Hatakeyama, Masashi Koide, Chayanit Chaweewannakorn, Fukie Yaoita, Koichi Tan-No, Keiichi Sasaki, Makoto Watanabe, Shunji Sugawara, Yasuo Endo, Eiji Itoi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Makoto Kanzaki
Metabolic immunomodulation involving IL-1 has been investigated for unfavorable metabolic effects, including obesity, but a potentially favorable role for IL-1 remains unclear. Here, we find mechanistic interactions between working skeletal muscles and locally recruited neutrophils expressing IL-1β, which supports muscle performance through priming exercise-dependent GLUT4 translocation. Thus, during exercise, both IL-1α/β-deficient and neutrophil-depleted mice similarly exhibit increased fatigability associated with impaired muscle glucose homeostasis due to GLUT4 dysregulation...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791699/a-comparative-effectiveness-study-for-non-operative-treatment-methods-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Frank R Kolisek, Charles Jaggard, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Nipun Sodhi, Michael A Mont
A number of non-operative treatment options are commonly prescribed for patients presenting with degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee, where surgery is not yet recommended. However, there is a paucity of studies evaluating the comparative effectiveness of these treatment options to best inform both patients and providers. This study examined the comparative effectiveness of a home exercise program versus bracing or a combination of the two (brace-only, exercise-only, and brace and exercise cohorts) on the following: 1) objective functional measures (quadriceps muscle strength, Self-Paced Walk Test [SPWT], and Timed "Up & Go" [TUG] Test); 2) subjective functional measures (Lower Extremity Function Scale [LEFS] and Health Survey [VR-12] outcomes); 3) pain using Visual Analog Scale [VAS-10]; 4) patient metrics (patient treatment preference, perceptions, and compliance); and 5) progression to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) over a 12-week period...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791651/relationship-between-adiponectin-and-leptin-on-osteocalcin-in-obese-adolescents-during-weight-loss-therapy
#17
Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Joana Pereira de Carvalho-Ferreira, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Lian Tock, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the presence of the pro-inflammatory state associated with the development of many comorbidities, including bone turnover marker alterations. This study aimed to investigate the role of the inflammatory state on bone turnover markers in obese adolescents undergoing interdisciplinary weight loss treatment for one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty four post-pubescent obese adolescents with primary obesity, a body mass index (BMI) greater than > 95th percentile of the CDC reference growth charts, participated in the present investigation...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791649/bouts-of-exercise-elicit-discordant-testosterone-cortisol-ratios-in-runners-and-non-runners
#18
Thiago Paes de Barros De Luccia, José Eduardo Soubhia Natali, Alexandre Moreira, José Guilherme Chaui-Berlinck, José Eduardo Pereira Wilken Bicudo
OBJECTIVE: The testosterone:cortisol ratio (T:C) is suggested to be used in order to examine whether physical exercise generates either a "catabolic environment" or an "anabolic environment". The present study aims to evaluate the acute time-course profile of cortisol and testosterone due to an episode of physical exercise. A biphasic profile in the T:C ratio response was hypothesized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morning sessions of treadmill running at two different intensities (Heart Rate at 65% and 80% of the maximum cardiac reserve) were performed by 6 male non-runners (NR) and 12 trained male runners (subdivided into trained runners T1 and T2)...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791637/board-games-gerotechnology-in-nursing-care-practice
#19
Paula Cristina de Andrade Pires Olympio, Neide Aparecida Titonelli Alvim
OBJECTIVE: To create a board game as a form of gerotechnology to promote active and healthy aging. METHOD: This was a qualitative, convergent care study conducted with 32 older adults. Individual interviews, creativity and sensitivity techniques, group discussions, and participant observations guided by Paulo Freire's theoretical framework of problematization were used to produce data. The participants and researchers assessed the entire production process at the end of the study, after the gerotechnology was implemented in the groups...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791605/athlete-s-heart-in-a-brazilian-paralympic-judo-team-case-series-study
#20
Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho, Maria Beatriz Monteiro Barros, Ana Fátima Salles, Leandro Santini Echenique, Orlando Campos Filho, Rui Manoel Santos Póvoa
BACKGROUND: Athlete's heart is a term describing the cardiovascular effects of long-term conditioning among highly trained athletes. It is a variation of normal standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case series study at the cardiology division of a public university hospital. METHODS: We studied 14 visually handicapped paralympic athletes (8 men) in the national judo team. They were 26.3 ± 6.4 years old, with body mass index 25 ± 14, and had been practicing judo for 9...
March 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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