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Psychopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099602/psychotropics-in-different-causes-of-itch-systematic-review-with-controlled-studies
#1
Lízie Emanuelle Eulalio Brasileiro, Dayanna Patrícia de Carvalho Barreto, Emerson Arcoverde Nunes
Among the wide range of symptoms neglected or resistant to conventional treatments in clinical practice, itch is emerging gradually as a theme to be studied. Itch complaints and the negative effects in the quality of life are observed in several medical fields. Although the partially obscure pathophysiology, some researchers decided to check and test the use of psychotropic drugs in resistant itch to conventional topical treatments and antihistamines. The objective of this study was to evaluate scientific evidence in psychotropic use in the treatment of itch of various causes...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098133/-the-need-of-a-new-integral-approach-to-the-care-of-patient-with-severe-mental-disorder-thirty-years-after-the-psychiatric-reform
#2
Agustín Madoz-Gúrpide, Juan Carlos Ballesteros Martín, Mónica Leira Sanmartín, Ernesto García Yagüe
More than thirty years have passed since the beginning of the psychiatric reform, a period of intense and relevant social, scientific and cultural changes which have directly impacted on mental disorders and their management. Improvement in psychopharmacological treatment, a new model of physician-patient relationship, patient´s empowerment as a key issue and the fight against social stigma related to mental health disorders, changes in clinical governance and health policy, the assistential burden derived from the treatment of less severe pathology in mental health community centers, improvements in teamwork and coordination with other resources involved… are some of the relevant changes which determine the scene of community-based mental health assistance...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095940/neuroscience-based-nomenclature-improving-clinical-and-scientific-terminology-in-research-and-clinical-psychopharmacology
#3
A B Brühl, B J Sahakian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089616/foreword-pediatric-psychopharmacology-for-primary-care-clinicians
#4
EDITORIAL
John M Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089615/commentary-pediatric-psychopharmacology-for-the-primary-care-clinician
#5
Andrew Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079675/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-dementia
#6
Orestes V Forlenza, Júlia Cunha Loureiro, Marcos Vasconcelos Pais, Florindo Stella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article addresses intriguing questions related to the clinical intervention in distinct neuropsychiatric syndromes of patients with dementia. RECENT FINDINGS: We reviewed 154 articles published between 2015 and 2016 targeting psychopharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, and safety-tolerability concerns. We selected 115 articles addressing the purpose of this study. Of these, 33 were chosen because they were dedicated to subtopics: agitation (42), depression (33), apathy (18), sleep disorders/anxiety (8), and psychosis (4)...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077156/interventions-following-a-high-violence-risk-assessment-score-a-naturalistic-study-on-a-finnish-psychiatric-admission-ward
#7
Jenni Kaunomäki, Markus Jokela, Raija Kontio, Tero Laiho, Eila Sailas, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Patient aggression and violence against staff members and other patients are common concerns in psychiatric units. Many structured clinical risk assessment tools have recently been developed. Despite their superiority to unaided clinical judgments, staff has shown ambivalent views towards them. A constant worry of staff is that the results of risk assessments would not be used. The aims of the present study were to investigate what were the interventions applied by the staff of a psychiatric admission ward after a high risk patient had been identified, how frequently these interventions were used and how effective they were...
January 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066110/assessment-of-impact-of-pharmacophilia-and-pharmacophobia-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Mini Johnson Christudas, Balaji Sathyanarayana Gupta, Krishna Undela, Noel M Isaac, Dushad Ram, Madhan Ramesh
AIMS: To investigate the impact of pharmacophilia and pharmacophobia on medication adherence among patients with psychiatric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry over a period of 2 months. Patients above 18 years of age with a psychiatric diagnosis as per the International Classification of Diseases 10 and receiving at least one psychotropic medication (any medication capable of affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior) for >1 month were enrolled in the study...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045861/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacogenetics-of-ssris-during-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#9
Laura Pogliani, Felicia Stefania Falvella, Dario Cattaneo, Paola Pileri, Anna Flora Moscatiello, Stefania Cheli, Sara Baldelli, Valentina Fabiano, Irene Cetin, Emilio Clementi, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND: An involvement of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in increasing the risk of malformations, neonatal withdrawal syndrome, has been suggested recently. Here, we aimed to investigate the contribution of individual pharmacogenetics of SSRI on infants' outcome. We also estimated the umbilical/maternal plasma SSRI concentration ratio in the pregnant women still on SSRI therapy at the time of delivery. METHODS: Thirty-four pregnant women, referred to our hospital from January 2011 to July 2015, who were given SSRIs in the third trimester, and related children, were considered...
December 29, 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043839/primary-pediatric-care-psychopharmacology-focus-on-medications-for-adhd-depression-and-anxiety
#10
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson, Lisa L Giles
The evidence base for psychopharmacologic interventions in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Psychopharmacologic interventions commonly utilized in the pediatric primary care setting-selective serotonin (norepinephrine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs/SSNRIs), stimulants and α2 agonists-are reviewed. General pharmacologic principles are summarized along with class-related side effects and tolerability concerns (e...
December 30, 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040641/psychopharmacological-drug-utilization-patterns-in-pregnant-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#11
S C Broeks, H Thisted Horsdal, K Glejsted Ingstrup, C Gasse
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is often associated with a lifetime indication for treatment with psychotropic drugs, thus pregnant women face the dilemma whether to continue treatment or not. This study describes the psychopharmacological drug utilization patterns among women with bipolar disorder from 12 months preconception to 12 months postpartum. METHODS: We conducted a register-based cohort study among all Danish women aged 15-55 with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, who gave birth to their first and singleton child between January 1997 and December 2012...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029083/psychopathological-behaviour-and-cognition-in-morbid-obesity
#12
Alba Calderone, Pasquale Fabio Calabrò, Chita Lippi, Roberta Jaccheri, Jacopo Vitti, Ferruccio Santini
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic condition with high prevalence and multifaceted aetiology, accompanied by an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Obesity has several negative effects on the psychological status, and the severity of psychological disorders correlates with the degree of obesity. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this review is to provide an overview of the literature concerning the psychological distress associated with severe obesity, which contributes to deterioration of the quality of life of affected patients...
December 26, 2016: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025019/time-dependent-interacting-effects-of-caffeine-diazepam-and-ethanol-on-zebrafish-behaviour
#13
Steven Tran, Niveen Fulcher, Magda Nowicki, Priyanka Desai, Benjamin Tsang, Amanda Facciol, Hayden Chow, Robert Gerlai
Zebrafish have become a popular animal model for behavioural pharmacology due to their small size, rapid development, and amenability to high throughput behavioural drug screens. Furthermore, water-soluble compounds can be administered via immersion of the fish in the drug solution, which provides a non-invasive drug delivery method. Numerous studies have demonstrated stimulant effects of alcohol. Diazepam and caffeine, on the other hand have been found to have inhibitory effect on locomotor activity in zebrafish...
December 23, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998319/leading-indicators-of-community-based-violent-events-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#14
R A Van Dorn, K J Grimm, S L Desmarais, S J Tueller, K L Johnson, M S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The public health, public safety and clinical implications of violent events among adults with mental illness are significant; however, the causes and consequences of violence and victimization among adults with mental illness are complex and not well understood, which limits the effectiveness of clinical interventions and risk management strategies. This study examined interrelationships between violence, victimization, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, homelessness and in-patient treatment over time...
December 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993112/understanding-the-pathophysiology-of-premature-ejaculation-bridging-the-link-between-pharmacological-and-psychological-interventions
#15
Hatta Sidi, Farid Yusof, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Jaya Kumar, Muhammd Hizri Hatta
Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the commonest male sexual dysfunctions. It is characterized by ejaculation which occurs before or soon after vaginal penetration, which causes significant psychological distress to the individual, and his partner. The exact cause of PE is still unknown but several mechanisms are proposed, and these involve complex interactions of neurophysiological, psychosocial, and cognitive factors. We discuss the role of serotonin, nitric oxide, phosphodiesterase enzymes and other neurotransmitters...
December 15, 2016: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992258/challenges-in-the-psychopharmacological-management-of-very-early-onset-schizophrenia-and-anxiety
#16
Askar Mehdi, Brian C Schweinsburg, Asima Zehgeer, Daniel F Connor, Maxwell J Luber, Barbara J Coffey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977264/the-rebirth-of-psychosocial-importance-in-a-drug-filled-world
#17
Roger P Greenberg
In the United States, the public is heavily lobbied to accept medications as the main answer for dealing with mental maladies like depression. However, examination of the empirical evidence reveals that even when drugs are the primary treatments, findings of benefit are often more dependent on psychosocial, interpersonal factors than commonly believed. This article highlights the reemerging worth of psychotherapeutic relationships in quelling emotional discomfort. It also touches on the roles of business and research bias in overselling the idea of unique merits and specificity of gains derived purely from psychopharmacological solutions...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968940/obsession-with-perfection-body-dysmorphia
#18
Neelam A Vashi
The deeply rooted fascination with beauty penetrates society worldwide. The indulgence to look and feel beautiful pervades all ages, genders, and nationalities, with research conferring a remarkable tendency to agree on measures of attractiveness among these disparate groups. Research has found that beautiful people do, in fact, receive more desirable outcomes in life and job satisfaction, family formation, and overall happiness. Humans have a tendency to respond to attractive persons more favorably, driving many patients to our clinics...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956055/diverse-arrestin-recruiting-and-endocytic-profiles-of-tricyclic-antipsychotics-acting-as-direct-%C3%AE-2a-adrenergic-receptor-ligands
#19
Christopher Cottingham, Pulin Che, Wei Zhang, Hongxia Wang, Raymond X Wang, Stefanie Percival, Tana Birky, Lufang Zhou, Kai Jiao, Qin Wang
The therapeutic mechanism of action underlying many psychopharmacological agents remains poorly understood, due largely to the extreme molecular promiscuity exhibited by these agents with respect to potential central nervous system targets. Agents of the tricyclic chemical class, including both antidepressants and antipsychotics, exhibit a particularly high degree of molecular promiscuity; therefore, any clarification of how these agents interact with specific central nervous system targets is of great potential significance to the field...
December 9, 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943131/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-pharmacological-management-of-acute-agitation-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-psychiatry-residents-and-psychiatric-nurses
#20
KeumbÔh Tangu, Adaora Ifeanyi, Mayurapriya Velusamy, Sara Dar, Nurun Shah, Ifeoma E Ezeobele, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the current knowledge and attitude of psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and psychiatric nurses towards the pharmacological management of acute agitation. METHODS: Questionnaires were electronically distributed to all attending psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and psychiatric nurses who were either employed by the University Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences or were staff at a 250-bed affiliated Psychiatric Hospital...
December 9, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
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