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Membranous tnf

Ines Rama, Ines Llaudó, Pere Fontova, Gema Cerezo, Carlos Soto, Casimiro Javierre, Miguel Hueso, Nuria Montero, Alberto Martínez-Castelao, Juan Torras, Josep M Grinyó, Josep M Cruzado, Nuria Lloberas
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing conventional hemodialysis (C-HD) present a greater immuno-inflammatory state probably related to uremia, sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation and /or membrane bioincompatibility, which could improve with a technique-switching to online hemodiafiltration (OL-HD). The antigen-independent pathway activation of this modified immunologic state turns dendritic cells (DC) into an accurate cell model to study these patients. The aim of this study is to further evaluate the immune-inflammatory state of patients in C-HD assessed by DC maturation...
2016: PloS One
Ya Yang, Di Li, Zhiqiang Tian, Jun Lv, Fengjun Sun, Qian Wang, Yao Liu, Peiyuan Xia
Endotoxin tolerance (ET) is a complex protective mechanism against endotoxin shock. The looped CLP-19 peptide derived from Limulus anti-LPS peptide induced the ET phenomenon but the molecular mechanism has yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we confirmed that CLP-19 attenuated upon LPS stimulated pro-inflammatory factor secretion of TNF-α and IL-6 but increased anti-inflammatory factor production of IL-10 in dose- and time-dependent manners. CLP-19 also inhibited subsequent LPS stimulated expression of TLR4 on the cell membrane...
October 22, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Stella Liong, Caitlyn Nguyen-Ngo, Stephen Tong, Tu'uhevaha Kaitu'u-Lino, Martha Lappas
INTRODUCTION: Infection and inflammation stimulate pro-inflammatory cytokines, prostaglandins and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, which play a central role in myometrial contractions and rupture of fetal membranes. In human and mouse immune cells, activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a negative regulator of inflammation. No studies have examined the role of ATF3 in human labour. METHODS: Primary amnion cells were used to determine the effect of interleukin (IL)-1β and the bacterial product fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptide (fsl-1) on ATF3 expression, and the effect of ATF3 siRNA on pro-labour mediators...
November 2016: Placenta
Chiara Tersigni, Fiorella Di Nicuolo, Giuseppe Maulucci, Alessandro Rolfo, Domenica Giuffrida, Manuela Veglia, Marco De Spirito, Giovanni Scambia, Tullia Todros, Nicoletta Di Simone
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is defined by new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation and characterized by systemic exaggerated inflammatory response. D6 is a chemokines scavenger receptor that binds with high affinity CC chemokines, internalizes and targets the ligands for degradation. It is expressed in trophoblast-derived tissues and prevents excessive placenta leukocyte infiltration...
2016: PloS One
Laurette Prely, Theo Klein, Paul P Geurink, Krisztina Paal, Herman S Overkleeft, Rainer Bischoff
Metalloproteases, notably members of the matrix metalloprotease (MMP) and A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) families play crucial roles in tissue remodeling, the liberation of growth factors and cytokines from cell membranes (shedding) and cell-cell or cell-matrix interactions. Activity of MMPs or ADAMs must therefore be tightly controlled in time and space by activation of pro-enzymes upon appropriate stimuli and inhibition by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) or α2-macroglobulin to prevent irreversible tissue damage due to excessive degradation or uncontrolled release of potent inflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
He Huang, Zhao-Tao Tian, Yong-Ming Yao, Tan-Shi Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8 like-2 (TIPE2) on apoptosis of CD4(+) T lymphocytes in a murine model of severe burn injury. METHODS: A total of 140 male mice were randomly allocated into 6 groups. Small RNA interference technique was used to construct a siTIPE2-overexpressing lentivirus, and severe burn injury models were established in the mice. CD4(+) T cells were purified from spleen of the mice, and the expressions of TIPE2, Smad2/Smad3, P-Smad2/P-Smad3 and Bcl-2/Bimprotein in CD4(+) Tregs were detected...
October 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Kai Sheng, Jiahuan Lu
Quinones that exist in ambient particulate matter (PM) are hypothesized to be associated with adverse health effects through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the impacts of the quinones on the inflammatory processes have yet to be clearly understood. In this study, we examined the oxidative potentials and biological effects of typical airborne quinones in the human lung epithelial A549 cells. Significant change of redox status, loss of mitochondrial membrane potentials (△Ψ) and increase of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were induced by exposure to quinones...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Kailash Prasad, Abdullah Sarkar, Mohammad A Zafar, Ahmed Shoker, Hamdi Ei Moselhi, Maryann Tranquilli, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs). Cytokines [Interleukin (IL)-Iβ, IL-2, IL-6, and TNF-α)] increase the expression of MMP-2 and -3. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) interact with cell receptors to increase the release of cytokines. Circulating soluble receptors for AGEs (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) compete with membrane bound RAGE for binding with AGEs and reduce the production of cytokines...
February 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Lily Dara, Zhang-Xu Liu, Neil Kaplowitz
Hepatocyte death, which can be apoptosis or necrosis depending on the context, is a prominent feature of liver disease. The lectin concanavalin A (ConA) activates immune cells, resulting in inflammatory liver injury and hepatocyte necrosis. In this issue of the JCI, Günther et al. demonstrate that the pseudokinase mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) participates in hepatocyte death in ConA injury and that MLKL-mediated death is independent of the receptor-interacting protein kinase RIPK3. RIPK3 was absent in hepatocytes, and MLKL-deficient mice, but not RIPK3-deficient mice, were protected from ConA-induced liver injury...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
R Lin, Q Wang, B Qi, Y Huang, G Yang
Neuromedin S (NMS), a 36-amino acid neuropeptide, has been found to be involved in the regulation of the endocrine activity. It has been also detected in immune tissues in mammals, what suggests that NMS may play an important role in the regulation of immune response. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of NMS receptor 1 (NMU1R) and effect of NMS in pig splenic lymphocytes (SPLs) and pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAMs). The presence of NMU1R in pig SPLs and PAMs was respectively confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot analysis and immunocytochemical methods...
September 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Stephan Brauckmann, Katharina Effenberger-Neidnicht, Herbert de Groot, Michael Nagel, Christian Mayer, Jürgen Peters, Matthias Hartmann
While hemolysis in patients with sepsis is associated with increased mortality its mechanisms are unknown and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 mediated effects, complement-mediated hemolysis, or direct cell membrane effects are all conceivable mechanisms. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that toxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as well as non-toxic RS-LPS evokes hemolysis (1) by direct membrane effects, and (2) independent of the complement system and TLR-4 activation. We found, that incubation with LPS resulted in a marked time and concentration dependent increase of free hemoglobin concentration and LDH activity in whole blood and washed red cells...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yoo Jeong Kim, Hyejin Jeon, Seok Hyeon Na, Hyo Il Kwon, Gati Noble Selasi, Asiimwe Nicholas, Tae In Park, Sang Hwa Lee, Je Chul Lee
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has become one of the most prevalent opportunistic pathogens in hospitalized patients. This microorganism secretes outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), but the pathogenesis of S. maltophilia as it relates to OMVs has not been characterized. This study investigated the cytotoxic activity of S. maltophilia OMVs and their ability to induce inflammatory responses both in vitro and in vivo S. maltophilia ATCC 13637 and two clinical isolates were found to secrete spherical OMVs during in vitro culture...
October 17, 2016: Pathogens and Disease
Florian Kälble, Janine Damaske, Danijela Heide, Iris Arnold, Fabian Richter, Olaf Maier, Ulrich Eisel, Peter Scheurich, Klaus Pfizenmaier, Martin Zeier, Vedat Schwenger, Julia Ranzinger
Chronic inflammatory conditions during peritoneal dialysis (PD)-treatment lead to the impairment of peritoneal tissue integrity. The resulting structural and functional reorganization of the peritoneal membrane diminishes ultrafiltration rate and thereby enhances mortality by limiting dialysis effectiveness over time. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and its receptors TNFR1 and TNFR2 are key players during inflammatory processes. To date, the role of TNFR1 in peritoneal tissue damage during PD-treatment is completely undefined...
2016: PloS One
Haruka Imai, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Mikihito Kajiya, Kazuhisa Ouhara, Tetsuya Yoshimoto, Shinji Matsuda, Katsuhiro Takeda, Hidemi Kurihara
BACKGROUND: An investigation of the mechanisms underlying the production of inflammatory cytokines through the stimulation of microorganisms on gingival epithelial cells may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the initiation of periodontitis. Lipid rafts, microdomains in the cell membrane, include a large number of receptors, and are centrally involved in signal transduction. We herein examined the involvement of lipid rafts in the expression of interleukin (IL-6) and IL-8 in gingival epithelial cells stimulated by periodontal pathogens...
October 17, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Hirofumi Sawai
It has been shown that necroptosis-caspase-independent programmed necrotic cell death-can be induced by treatment with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the L929 murine fibrosarcoma cell line, even in the absence of a caspase inhibitor. Although it was reported that necrostatin-1-a specific inhibitor of necroptosis-inhibited TNF-induced necroptosis in L929 cells, it has not been elucidated whether the cells eventually die by apoptosis in the presence of necrostatin-1. In this paper, induction of apoptosis was demonstrated in TNF-treated L929 cells in the presence of necrostatin-1...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Erica Sarchielli, Paolo Comeglio, Roberta Squecco, Lara Ballerini, Tommaso Mello, Giulia Guarnieri, Eglantina Idrizaj, Benedetta Mazzanti, Linda Vignozzi, Pasquale Gallina, Mario Maggi, Gabriella B Vannelli, Annamaria Morelli
CONTEXT: Previous studies have suggested that inflammatory pathways may impair central regulatory networks involving gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuron activity. Studies in humans are strongly hampered by the lack of human GnRH neuron cell lines. OBJECTIVE: To establish an in vitro model of GnRH neurons of human origin and analyze the effects of proinflammatory cytokines on their biological properties. Design, samples and treatments: The primary human fetal hypothalamic (hfHypo) cell cultures were isolated from brain of three 12 week-old fetuses...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Qiu-Fang Gao, Xiu-Hong Zhang, Feng-Lai Yuan, Ming-Dong Zhao, Xia Li
Bone loss is a critical pathology responsible for the functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is well known that receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL) plays a crucial role in bone loss in RA. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) mediates bone erosion in RA by regulation of RANKL expression in an experimental model of RA, consisting of mice with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA). Cultured AA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) obtained from these mice were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) combined with or without rh-endostatin...
October 12, 2016: Cell Biology International
Peter Lorenz, Miriam Heinrich, Manuel Garcia-Käufer, Franziska Grunewald, Silke Messerschmidt, Anja Herrick, Kim Gruber, Christiane Beckmann, Matthias Knoedler, Roman Huber, Carmen Steinborn, Florian C Stintzing, Carsten Gründemann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Oak bark has been used since ancient times in Europaen ethnomedicine because of its adstringent, antimicrobial and hemostatic features, e.g. as a remedy for the treatment of wounds and skin diseases. PURPOSE: Oak bark tannins are considered as bioactive natural products, interacting with surface proteins of mucous membranes and might be beneficial for the treatment of allergic diseases. This study investigated the effect of an oak bark decoction (OBD) and isolated tannin fractions on the degranulation capacity and cytokine/chemokine release from rat basophilic cells and human mast cells in vitro, which are essential for the initiation of early- and late-phase allergic reactions...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Andrew K Lewis, Christopher C Valley, Stephen L Peery, Benjamin Brummel, Anthony R Braun, Christine Karim, Jonathan N Sachs
Death receptor 5 (DR5) is an apoptosis-inducing member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, whose activity has been linked to membrane cholesterol content. Upon ligand binding, DR5 forms large clusters within the plasma membrane that have often been assumed to be manifestations of receptor co-localization in cholesterol-rich membrane domains. However, we have recently shown that DR5 clusters are more than just randomly aggregated receptors. Instead, these are highly structured networks held together by receptor dimers...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Mija Ahn, Pethaiah Gunasekaran, Ganesan Rajasekaran, Eun Young Kim, Soo-Jae Lee, Geul Bang, Kun Cho, Jae-Kyung Hyun, Hyun-Ju Lee, Young Ho Jeon, Nam-Hyung Kim, Eun Kyoung Ryu, Song Yub Shin, Jeong Kyu Bang
In this study, we report on the first chemical synthesis of ultra-short pyrazole-arginine based antimicrobial peptidomimetics derived from the newly synthesized N-alkyl/aryl pyrazole amino acids. Through the systematic tuning of hydrophobicity, charge, and peptide length, we identified the shortest peptide Py11 with the most potent antimicrobial activity. Py11 displayed greater antimicrobial activity against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including MRSA, MDRPA, and VREF, which was approximately 2-4 times higher than that of melittin...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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