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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444900/lactosylceramide-induced-phosphorylation-signaling-to-group-iva-phospholipase-a2-via-reactive-oxygen-species-in-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-treated-cells
#1
Hiroyuki Nakamura, Yuta Moriyama, Kazuaki Watanabe, Satoshi Tomizawa, Risa Yamazaki, Hiromasa Takahashi, Toshihiko Murayama
The activity of α-type cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2 α, group IVA PLA2 ), which releases arachidonic acid (AA), is mainly regulated by the Ca(2+) -induced intracellular translocation/attachment of the enzyme to substrate membranes and its phosphorylation. We previously reported that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) stimulated the formation of lactosylceramide (LacCer) in L929 fibroblast cells, and this lipid directly bound with and activated cPLA2 α [Nakamura et al., J. Biol. Chem. 2013;288:23264-23272]...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444395/effects-of-n-acetyl-l-cysteine-on-the-membrane-vesicle-release-and-growth-of-respiratory-pathogens
#2
Charlotte Volgers, Birke J Benedikter, Gert E Grauls, Pauline H M Hellebrand, Paul H M Savelkoul, Frank R M Stassen
Bacterial infections contribute to the disease progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by stimulating mucus production in the airways. This increased mucus production and other symptoms are often alleviated when patients are treated with mucolytics such as N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). Moreover, NAC has been suggested to inhibit bacterial growth. Bacteria can release membrane vesicles in response to stress and recent studies report a role for these pro-inflammatory membrane vesicles (MVs) in the pathogenesis of airways disease...
April 21, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443893/trail-np-hybrids-for-cancer-therapy-a-review
#3
REVIEW
H Belkahla, G Herlem, F Picaud, T Gharbi, M Hémadi, S Ammar, O Micheau
Cancer is a worldwide health problem. It is now considered as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. In the last few decades, considerable progress has been made in anti-cancer therapies, allowing the cure of patients suffering from this disease, or at least helping to prolong their lives. Several cancers, such as those of the lung and pancreas, are still devastating in the absence of therapeutic options. In the early 90s, TRAIL (Tumor Necrosis Factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand), a cytokine belonging to the TNF superfamily, attracted major interest in oncology owing to its selective anti-tumor properties...
April 26, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442990/spatiotemporal-and-long-lasting-modulation-of-11-key-nogo-signaling-genes-in-response-to-strong-neuroexcitation
#4
Tobias E Karlsson, Katrin Wellfelt, Lars Olson
Inhibition of nerve growth and plasticity in the CNS is to a large part mediated by Nogo-like signaling, now encompassing a plethora of ligands, receptors, co-receptors and modulators. Here we describe the distribution and levels of mRNA encoding 11 key genes involved in Nogo-like signaling (Nogo-A, Oligodendrocyte-Myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), Nogo receptor 1 (NgR1), NgR2, NgR3, Lingo-1, TNF receptor orphan Y (Troy), Olfactomedin, Lateral olfactory tract usher substance (Lotus) and membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MT3-MPP)), as well as BDNF and GAPDH...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440509/modulation-of-mmp-2-and-9-secretion-by-cytokines-inducers-and-inhibitors-in-human-melanoma-a-2058-cells
#5
M Waheed Roomi, Tatiana Kalinovsky, Aleksandra Niedzwiecki, Matthias Rath
Melanoma, an extremely aggressive cancer, causes the most skin cancer-related deaths, due to metastasis to other areas of the body, such as lymph nodes, lungs, liver, brain or bone. It is characterized by high levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 secretions that degrade the extracellular matrix and basement membrane, allowing cancer cells to spread to distal organs. Various cytokines, mitogens, growth factors, inducers and inhibitors control MMP activities. We investigated the roles of these in regulation of MMP-2 and -9 in human melanoma A-2058 cells...
April 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436935/tnf-superfamily-receptor-ox40-triggers-invariant-nkt-cell-pyroptosis-and-liver-injury
#6
Peixiang Lan, Yihui Fan, Yue Zhao, Xiaohua Lou, Howard P Monsour, Xiaolong Zhang, Yongwon Choi, Yaling Dou, Naoto Ishii, Rafik M Ghobrial, Xiang Xiao, Xian Chang Li
Tissue-resident immune cells play a key role in local and systemic immune responses. The liver, in particular, hosts a large number of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, which are involved in diverse immune responses. However, the mechanisms that regulate survival and homeostasis of liver iNKT cells are poorly defined. Here we have found that liver iNKT cells constitutively express the costimulatory TNF superfamily receptor OX40 and that OX40 stimulation results in massive pyroptotic death of iNKT cells, characterized by the release of potent proinflammatory cytokines that induce liver injury...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432035/expression-of-pattern-recognition-receptors-and-activation-of-the-non-canonical-inflammasome-pathway-in-brain-pericytes
#7
Ádám Nyúl-Tóth, Mihály Kozma, Péter Nagyőszi, Krisztina Nagy, Csilla Fazakas, János Haskó, Kinga Molnár, Attila E Farkas, Attila G Végh, György Váró, Péter Galajda, Imola Wilhelm, István A Krizbai
Cerebral pericytes are mural cells embedded in the basement membrane of capillaries. Increasing evidence suggests that they play important role in controlling neurovascular functions, i.e. cerebral blood flow, angiogenesis and permeability of the blood-brain barrier. These cells can also influence neuroinflammation which is highly regulated by the innate immune system. Therefore, we systematically tested the pattern recognition receptor expression of brain pericytes. We detected expression of NOD1, NOD2, NLRC5, NLRP1-3, NLRP5, NLRP9, NLRP10 and NLRX mRNA in non-treated cells...
April 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427526/potential-application-and-prevalence-of-the-cd30-ki-1-antigen-among-solid-tumors-a-focus-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Garrett K Berger, Kevin Gee, Cassandra Votruba, Ali McBride, Faiz Anwer
BACKGROUND: CD30 (Ki-1) is a cell membrane protein derived from the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. The CD30 antigen has been associated primarily with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (sALCL). Brentuximab vedotin (BV) is an antibody-drug conjugate targeting the CD30 antigen. FDA approval for BV includes relapsed and refractory HL and sALCL. The CD30 antigen also has been identified in many solid tumors, predominantly of germ cell origins and early clinical data is promising...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427419/tnf-%C3%AE-promotes-extracellular-vesicle-release-in-mouse-astrocytes-through-glutaminase
#9
Kaizhe Wang, Ling Ye, Hongfang Lu, Huili Chen, Yanyan Zhang, Yunlong Huang, Jialin C Zheng
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-contained vesicles shed from cells. EVs contain proteins, lipids, and nucleotides, all of which play important roles in intercellular communication. The release of EVs is known to increase during neuroinflammation. Glutaminase, a mitochondrial enzyme that converts glutamine to glutamate, has been implicated in the biogenesis of EVs. We have previously demonstrated that TNF-α promotes glutaminase expression in neurons. However, the expression and the functionality of glutaminase in astrocytes during neuroinflammation remain unknown...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425934/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-airborne-particulate-matter-on-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-bm-mscs-cellular-molecular-and-systems-biological-approaches
#10
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mansour A Alghamdi, Magdy Shamy, Mamdouh I Khoder, Max Costa, Mourad Assidi, Roaa Kadam, Haneen Alsehli, Mamdooh Gari, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
Particulate matter (PM) contains heavy metals that affect various cellular functions and gene expression associated with a range of acute and chronic diseases in humans. However, the specific effects they exert on the stem cells remain unclear. Here, we report the effects of PM collected from the city of Jeddah on proliferation, cell death, related gene expression and systems of biological analysis in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), with the aim of understanding the underlying mechanisms. PM2...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423971/intrauterine-infection-immune-system-and-premature-birth
#11
Fernanda Rodrigues Helmo, Eduardo Arthur Rodovalho Alves, Renata Alves de Andrade Moreira, Viviane Oliveira Severino, Laura Penna Rocha, Maria Luíza Gonçalves Dos Reis Monteiro, Marlene Antônia Dos Reis, Renata Margarida Etchebehere, Juliana Reis Machado, Rosana Rosa Miranda Corrêa
Preterm birth accounts for nearly one million deaths among children under five years of age, and although its etiopathogenesis is not fully elucidated, ascending intrauterine infection and fetal inflammatory response seem to be the main triggers. The intense inflammatory response mediated by IL-1β, TNF-α, PAF, IFN-γ and IL-6, PGE2 and MMP-1 and MMP-9 causes fetal membrane damage and rupture, increased uterine contractions and biochemical and structural changes in the cervix. Furthermore, preterm neonates have deficient innate and adaptive immune responses characterized by reduced levels of IgG, opsonization and phagocytosis, as well as increased activation of Th1 cells in relation to Th2 cells...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423693/enhanced-anti-tumor-therapeutic-efficacy-of-dna-vaccine-by-fusing-the-e7-gene-to-baff-in-treating-human-papillomavirus-associated-cancer
#12
Chao-Chih Wu, Fang-Cih Wu, Yun-Tin Hsu, Yu-Chia Hsiao, Yuh-Cheng Yang, C Allen Chang, Chih-Long Chang
B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family that not only stimulates B and T cells but also counteracts immune tolerance. BAFF is also a type II membrane protein, which is secreted through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi apparatus pathway. Fusing an antigen to BAFF might enhance the presentation of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules. These characteristics represent an opportunity to enhance the antitumor effects of DNA vaccines. Therefore, we fused BAFF to human papillomavirus type 16 E7 as a DNA vaccine and evaluated its antitumor effects...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420996/chronic-water-pipe-smoke-exposure-induces-injurious-effects-to-reproductive-system-in-male-mice
#13
Badreldin H Ali, Khalid A Al Balushi, Mohammed Ashique, Asem Shalaby, Mohammed A Al Kindi, Sirin A Adham, Turan Karaca, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Abderrahim Nemmar
There is a global increase in the popularity of water-pipe tobacco smoking including in Europe and North America. Nevertheless, little is known about the male reproductive effects of water-pipe smoke (WPS), especially after long-term exposure. Here, we assessed effects of WPS exposure (30 min/day) in male mice for 6 months. Control mice were exposed to air-only for the same period of time. Twenty-four hours after the last exposure, testicular histopathology, and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress, and the tyrosine-protein kinase vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) were assessed in testicular homogenates...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413133/vaccination-with-the-polymorphic-membrane-protein-a-reduces-chlamydia-muridarum-induced-genital-tract-pathology
#14
Tina Müller, Elisabeth Becker, Sonja Stallmann, Anna Waldhuber, Franziska Römmler-Dreher, Simone Albrecht, Fabian Mohr, Johannes H Hegemann, Thomas Miethke
Chlamydia trachomatis serovars D-K are one of the most frequent causes of sexually transmitted infections of the female genital tract, with possible complications such as hydrosalpinx, pelvic inflammatory disease, extra-uterine gravidity or infertility. We used the murine genital tract infection model with C. muridarum for vaccination studies and found that more than 70% of the infected mice suffered from uterus dilatations and/or hydrosalpinx. Systemic consequences of the vaginal infection were apparent by splenomegaly ten to fifteen days post infection...
April 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412220/inflammation-induced-glua1-trafficking-and-membrane-insertion-of-ca-2-permeable-ampa-receptors-in-dorsal-horn-neurons-is-dependent-on-spinal-tumor-necrosis-factor-pi3-kinase-and-protein-kinase-a
#15
G Wigerblad, J R Huie, H Z Yin, M Leinders, R A Pritchard, F J Koehrn, W-H Xiao, G J Bennett, R L Huganir, A R Ferguson, J H Weiss, C I Svensson, L S Sorkin
Peripheral inflammation induces sensitization of nociceptive spinal cord neurons. Both spinal tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and neuronal membrane insertion of Ca(2+) permeable AMPA receptor (AMPAr) contribute to spinal sensitization and resultant pain behavior, molecular mechanisms connecting these two events have not been studied in detail. Intrathecal (i.t.) injection of TNF-blockers attenuated paw carrageenan-induced mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity. Levels of GluA1 and GluA4 from dorsal spinal membrane fractions increased in carrageenan-injected rats compared to controls...
April 12, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407242/the-role-of-autophagy-in-pro-inflammatory-responses-of-microglia-activation-via-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-in-vitro
#16
Junli Ye, Zhongxin Jiang, Xuehong Chen, Mengyang Liu, Jing Li, Na Liu
Microglia over-activation contributes to neurodegenerative processes by neurotoxin factors and pro-inflammatory molecules of pro-inflammatory processes. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and autophagy pathway might be involved in microglial activation, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here we regulated autophagy pathway of microglia in vitro by autophagy inhibition (3-methyladenine treatment, siRNA-Beclin 1 or siRNA-ATG5 transfection) or induction (rapamycin treatment) in murine microglial BV-2 cells or cultured primary mouse microglial cells...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403020/understanding-the-impact-of-preservation-methods-on-the-integrity-and-functionality-of-placental-allografts
#17
Amy Johnson, Alexandra Gyurdieva, Sandeep Dhall, Alla Danilkovitch, Yi Duan-Arnold
INTRODUCTION: Human placental membranes (hPMs) have a long history in treating burns and wounds. The composition of hPMs includes structural matrix, growth factors, and neonatal cells, all of which contribute to their regenerative potential. However, most hPM products are devitalized after dehydration and irradiation. We compared the functionality of single-layer viable cryopreserved human amniotic membrane (vCHAM) with multilayer devitalized dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) in wound-relevant models to determine the effect of different processing methods on hPMs...
April 12, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402952/caveolin-1-scaffolding-domain-peptides-enhance-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-through-interrupting-its-interact-with-caveolin-1
#18
Ping Weng, Xiao-Tong Zhang, Qiong Sheng, Wen-Fang Tian, Jun-Liang Chen, Jia-Jia Yuan, Ji-Ru Zhang, Qing-Feng Pang
Caveolin-1(Cav-1) scaffolding domain (CSD) peptides compete with the plasma membrane Cav-1, inhibit the interaction of the proteins and Cav-1, and re-store the functions of Cav-1 binding proteins. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) binds to Cav-1 and its enzymatic activity was inhibited. In this study, we investigated the effect of CSD peptides on interaction between HO-1 and Cav-1, and on the HO-1 activity in vitro and in vivo. Our data showed that CSD peptides decreased the compartmentalization of HO-1 and Cav-1, and increased the HO-1 activity both in LPS-treated alveolar macrophages and in mice...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402274/magnesium-isoglycyrrhizinate-shows-hepatoprotective-effects-in-a-cyclophosphamide-induced-model-of-hepatic-injury
#19
Wenjiao Jiang, Jingyan Liu, Peijin Li, Qianfeng Lu, Xue Pei, Yilin Sun, Guangji Wang, Kun Hao
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of Magnesium Isoglycyrrhizinate (GM) on cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced hepatic injury in vivo and in vitro. The results demonstrated that GM exerted a protective effect on CP-induced acute liver injury, as evidenced by the alleviations of hepatic pathological damage and serum transaminase activities. Meantime, GM attenuated serum and HepG2 cell supernatant levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, SOD and MDA. Western blot results presented that GM down-regulated the expressions of the microtubule associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3), Lysosome associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1), p-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), p-protein Kinase B(Akt), p-mechanistic target of rapamycin(mTOR), p-ribosomal protein S6 kinase 70 kDa (p70S6K), p-4E binding protein 1(4EBP1), p- inhibitor of NF-κB(IκB)α and p-nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB)p65 in CP-stimulated hepatic tissue and HepG2 cells...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400287/anti-inflammatory-and-vasoconstrictive-properties-of-potentilla-erecta-a-traditional-medicinal-plant-from-the-northern-hemisphere
#20
Ute Wölfle, Julia Hoffmann, Birgit Haarhaus, Venugopal Rao Mittapalli, Christoph M Schempp
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch is a medicinal plant of the Northern hemisphere belonging to the plant family of roses (Rosaceae). It has traditionally been used to treat inflammatory disorders of the skin and mucous membranes as well as chronic diarrhea. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study we analyzed the anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictive effect of a Potentilla erecta extract (PE) and questioned if PE is similar effective as mild corticosteroids...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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