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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#1
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#2
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667714/reciprocal-relations-between-parental-problem-drinking-and-children-s-sleep-the-role-of-socioeconomic-adversity
#3
Ryan J Kelly, Mona El-Sheikh
Reciprocal relations between parental problem drinking (PPD) and children's sleep were examined longitudinally, and socioeconomic status was considered as a moderating variable. At Wave 1, 280 children (Mage  = 10.33) and their parent(s) participated, and 275 families returned 1 year later. At both waves, parent(s) reported on PD and children wore actigraphs that measured established sleep parameters. After controlling for autoregressive effects, fathers' PD predicted reduced sleep duration and efficiency in children over time...
April 18, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667427/do-older-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-engage-in-estate-planning-and-advance-care-planning-preparation
#4
Shinae Choi, Minjung Kim, Ian M McDonough
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the estate planning and advance care planning (ACP) of older adults diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) for the presence of (1) a valid will, (2) a durable power of attorney for health care, and (3) a living will. METHOD: We analyzed 10,273 adults aged 65 and older from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS: We found that a diagnosis of AD was significantly associated with the ACP variables...
April 18, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667347/holistic-personalized-immunology-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-status-on-the-transcriptional-milieu-of-immune-cells
#5
Jonathan D Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667068/characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-associated-with-the-lack-of-radiation-in-the-treatment-of-glioblastoma
#6
Bin Huang, Therese A Dolecek, Quan Chen, Catherine R Garcia, Thomas Pittman, John L Villano
Radiation increases survival in glioblastoma (GBM); however, 30% do not receive this treatment. We sought to identify characteristics associated with not receiving radiation and the impact on outcomes. We analyzed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (SEER) 18 registries 2000-2013 research database on 30,479 GBM cases that were aged 20 years and older. In total, 21,179 received radiation as first course of therapy, while 8218 did not with 5178 (63%) being 65 years and older. Early decisions on surgery often predicted radiation therapy with 61% having only a biopsy or no surgery at diagnosis...
April 17, 2018: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666654/determinants-of-antenatal-healthcare-utilisation-by-pregnant-women-in-third-trimester-in-peri-urban-ghana
#7
Jones Asafo Akowuah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Dadson Awunyo-Vitor
Access to quality healthcare still remains a major challenge in the efforts at reversing maternal morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of established maternal health interventions, the health of the expectant mother and the unborn child remains poor due to low utilisation of interventions. The study examined the socioeconomic determinants of antenatal care utilisation in peri-urban Ghana using pregnant women who are in their third trimester. Two-stage sampling technique was used to sample 200 pregnant women who were in their third trimester from the District Health Information Management System software...
2018: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666511/socioeconomic-factors-influencing-cosmetic-usage-patterns
#8
Gyeong-Hun Park, Chanhee Nam, Seungphil Hong, Byungcheol Park, Hakrim Kim, Taewon Lee, Kyubong Kim, Jong Hee Lee, Myung Hwa Kim
Despite daily exposure to chemicals in cosmetic products, there are few studies on the exposure levels to cosmetics particularly in Asians. We sought to investigate the usage pattern of cosmetics, including eye makeup products, fragrances, color makeups, and hair and nail care products, in Koreans. An online survey of 1,800 participants (908 males and 892 females, aged 15-59 years) from 5 Metropolitan cities (Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan) in Korea was conducted. For overall types of cosmetics, the proportion of users was 7...
May 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666138/increase-in-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland-did-the-socioeconomic-predictors-change-results-from-the-swiss-national-cohort
#9
Nicole Steck, Christoph Junker, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the strong increase in assisted suicides in Switzerland since 2008 is linked to a shift in the socioeconomic factors associated with assisted suicide and its related diagnoses. METHODS: In a population-based longitudinal study, we investigated assisted suicides in Switzerland over the period 2003-2014. Two groups of younger (25-64 years) and older (65-94 years) persons were analysed separately and compared. We calculated crude rates and used Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models to examine associations of assisted dying with gender, marital status, education, religion, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and other variables, and investigated trends over time...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665836/household-water-treatment-and-the-nutritional-status-of-primary-aged-children-in-india-findings-from-the-india-human-development-survey
#10
Wei Li, Echu Liu, Rhonda BeLue
BACKGROUND: Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of research regarding the impact of household water treatment (HWT) on children's nutritional status using data from large-scale surveys. In this research, we study the effect of HWT on the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India using a secondary data set consisting of 20,315 children between the ages of 6 and 14 (10,523 males and 9,792 females) in 12,839 households from the second wave of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS-II)...
April 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665834/inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-risk-factors-in-sri-lanka-a-lower-middle-income-country
#11
Ambepitiyawaduge Pubudu De Silva, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal De Silva, Rashan Haniffa, Isurujith Kongala Liyanage, Saroj Jayasinghe, Prasad Katulanda, Chandrika Neelakanthi Wijeratne, Sumedha Wijeratne, Lalini Chandika Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: Explorations into quantifying the inequalities for diabetes mellitus (DM) and its risk factors are scarce in low and lower middle income countries (LICs/LMICs). The aims of this study were to assess the inequalities of DM and its risk factors in a suburban district of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A sample of 1300 participants, (aged 35-64 years) randomly selected using a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method, were studied employing a cross sectional descriptive design...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665755/incremental-direct-medical-costs-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-in-the-years-preceding-diagnosis-a-general-population-based-study
#12
N McCormick, C A Marra, M Sadatsafavi, J A Aviña-Zubieta
Objective We estimated the incremental (extra) direct medical costs of a population-based cohort of newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for five years before and after diagnosis, and the impact of sex and socioeconomic status (SES) on pre-index costs for SLE. Methods We identified all adults newly diagnosed with SLE over 2001-2010 in British Columbia, Canada, and obtained a sample of non-SLE individuals from the general population, matched on sex, age, and calendar-year of study entry. We captured costs for all outpatient encounters, hospitalisations, and dispensed medications each year...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665751/residential-mobility-and-cognitive-function-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-china
#13
Hanzhang Xu, Matthew E Dupre, Truls Østbye, Allison A Vorderstrasse, Bei Wu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between rural and urban residential mobility and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China. METHOD: We used data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health that included adults age 50+ from China ( N = 12,410). We used multivariate linear regressions to examine how residential mobility and age at migration were associated with cognitive function. RESULTS: Urban and urban-to-urban residents had the highest level of cognitive function, whereas rural and rural-to-rural residents had the poorest cognitive function...
January 1, 2018: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665161/poverty-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-study-in-a-developing-country-population
#14
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mona Babaie, Soroush Bijani, Maryam Bazzazan, Behzad Bijani
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all admitted patients to a tertiary teaching hospital with a diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in a 12-month period were enrolled...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664942/dietary-cyanogen-exposure-and-early-child-neurodevelopment-an-observational-study-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#15
Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Marie-Thérèse Sombo, Daniel L Okitundu, Marcel Kunyu, Guy Bumoko Makila-Mabe, Thorkild Tylleskär, Alla Sikorskii, Jean-Pierre Banea, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Désiré Tshala-Katumbay, Michael J Boivin
BACKGROUND: Dietary cyanogen exposure from ingesting bitter (toxic) cassava as a main source of food in sub-Saharan Africa is related to neurological impairments in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored possible association with early child neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional neurodevelopmental assessment of 12-48 month-old children using the Mullen Scale of Early Learning (MSEL) and the Gensini Gavito Scale (GGS). We used the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-10 (HSCL-10) and Goldberg Depression Anxiety Scale (GDAS) to screen for symptoms of maternal depression-anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664734/potential-causes-of-asthma-in-the-united-arab-emirates-drawing-insights-from-the-arabian-gulf
#16
REVIEW
Sarah Dalibalta, Fatin Samara, Haya Qadri, Hibatallah Adouchana
There is considerable concern on the rise in the incidence of asthma worldwide with statistics in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) indicating that at least 13% of schoolchildren, particularly of Emirati descent, suffer from asthma. With its high rates of hospital admissions, negative socioeconomic impact and significant morbidity, this is a disease that requires optimal guidelines for control and awareness. In this article, we review the current knowledge of asthma in the UAE and draw on studies, especially from the surrounding region, to identify its contributing factors within this population...
April 17, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664673/socioeconomic-status-predicts-second-cardiovascular-event-in-29-226-survivors-of-a-first-myocardial-infarction
#17
Joel Ohm, Per H Skoglund, Andrea Discacciati, Johan Sundström, Kristina Hambraeus, Tomas Jernberg, Per Svensson
Background Risk assessment post-myocardial infarction needs improvement, and risk factors derived from general populations apply differently in secondary prevention. The prediction of subsequent cardiovascular events post-myocardial infarction by socioeconomic status has previously been poorly studied. Design Swedish nationwide cohort study. Methods A total of 29,226 men and women (27%), 40-76 years of age, registered at the standardised one year revisit after a first myocardial infarction in the secondary prevention quality registry of SWEDEHEART 2006-2014...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664523/-association-between-demographic-and-socioeconomic-variables-and-mortality-due-to-cirrhosis-and-other-liver-diseases
#18
Gloria Icaza, Loreto Núñez, Nicolás Ordaz R, Constanza Verdugo W, Sergio Caglieri S, Álvaro Castillo-Carniglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664516/-brain-development-in-childhood-acquisition-and-evolution-of-children-s-understanding-of-death
#19
Colomba Norero V
There is a relation between brain development in children and the acquisition of the five subcom ponents for a mature conceptualisation of biological death: Irreversibility, applicability, inevitability, functional cessation and casuality. Current theories propose that knowledge (among them about death) is acquired through a series of confluent waves with advances and setbacks, thus explaining the important differences encountered among children of the same age and good intellectual develop ment. Generally speaking children under four years of age do not have a consciousness of death...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664503/transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-a-satisfaction-with-life-scale-for-chilean-adolescents
#20
Carola A Álvarez, Ana M Briceño, Karla Álvarez, Marcela Abufhele, Iris Delgado
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the determinants of subjecti ve well-being and happiness. In that context, life satisfaction is one of the measures used to assess subjective well-being, with emphasis in adult population. OBJECTIVE: Adapt and validate (cultu rally and linguistically) the Canadian "Satisfaction with Life adapted for Children" (SWLS-C) in Chilean adolescents, in order to assess their global judgement about their own lives...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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