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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241107/nationwide-analysis-on-the-impact-of-socioeconomic-land-use-factors-and-incidence-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#1
Maximilian P Brandt, Kilian M Gust, Jens Mani, Stefan Vallo, Thomas Höfner, Hendrik Borgmann, Igor Tsaur, Christian Thomas, Axel Haferkamp, Eva Herrmann, Georg Bartsch
BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for urothelial carcinoma (UC) have been reported to differ between countries within the European Union (EU). Besides occupational exposure to chemicals, other substances such as tobacco and nitrite in groundwater have been identified as risk factors for UC. We investigated if regional differences in UC incidence rates are associated with agricultural, industrial and residential land use. METHODS: Newly diagnosed cases of UC between 2003 and 2010 were included...
December 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240737/morbidity-from-intentional-self-harm-among-pacific-peoples-in-new-zealand-1996-2015
#2
Jemaima Tiatia-Seath, Roy Lay-Yee, Martin von Randow
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trends in intentional self-harm for Pacific peoples in New Zealand by reviewing official data over the period 1996-2015. METHOD: Publicly funded hospitalisations where the external cause was intentional self-harm were examined and areas of interest were identified and are presented. RESULTS: Over a 19-year period (1996-2015), there were 1,608 intentional self-harm events for Pacific peoples (2.8%) out of 58,643 intentional self-harm events nationally for New Zealand's total population...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240657/inequalities-in-health-services-usage-in-a-national-health-system-scheme-the-case-of-a-southern-social-european-region
#3
Maite Morteruel, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Unai Martin, Amaia Bacigalupe
BACKGROUND: Health services can reduce inequalities caused by other determinants of health or increase them due to the effect of the inverse care law-the principle that the availability of good quality care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to describe inequalities in the use of nursing services, medical services in primary care, specialist care, and services not fully covered by the Basque public health system in Spain...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240452/breastfeeding-peer-support-program-increases-breastfeeding-duration-rates-among-middle-to-high-income-women
#4
Alena Clark, Susan S Baker, Kathryn McGirr, Mary Harris
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that women with low socioeconomic status and lack of breastfeeding support often breastfeed for shorter durations. Little research has been done on the effects of a breastfeeding peer support program for women from middle- to high-socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to determine whether a breastfeeding peer support program would increase breastfeeding duration rates among middle- to high-socioeconomic status women...
December 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239999/care-management-to-reduce-disparities-and-control-hypertension-in-primary-care-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#5
Jonathan C Hong, William V Padula, Ilene L Hollin, Tanvir Hussain, Katherine B Dietz, Jennifer P Halbert, Jill A Marsteller, Lisa A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Project ReD CHiP (reducing disparities and controlling hypertension in primary care) care management was a clinic-based intervention that aimed to improve blood pressure control through improved care coordination and provide self-management support to patients from racially and socioeconomically. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ReD CHiP care management versus standard care to treat hypertension in diverse communities. RESEARCH DESIGN: Microsimulation model from a health care sector perspective over 15 years...
December 12, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239561/spatial-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-of-iran-based-on-environmental-factors
#6
Roghieh Ramezankhani, Nooshin Sajjadi, Roya Nezakati Esmaeilzadeh, Seyed Ali Jozi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of protozoan parasites. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is still a great public health problem in Iran, especially in Isfahan Province. Distribution and abundance of vectors and reservoirs of this disease is affected by different factors such as climatic, socioeconomic and cultural. This study aimed to identify the hotspot areas for CL in Isfahan and assess the relations between the climatic and topographic factors with CL incidence using spatial analysis...
November 8, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239558/the-influence-of-socioeconomic-deprivation-access-to-healthcare-and-physical-environment-on-old-age-survival-in-portugal
#7
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Elias Teixeira Krainski, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Maria De Fátima de Pina
Spatial inequalities in old-age survival exist in Portugal and might be associated with factors pertaining to three distinct domains: socioeconomic, physical environmental and healthcare. We evaluated the contribution of these factors on the old-age survival across Portuguese municipalities deriving a surrogate measure of life expectancy, a 10-year survival rate that expresses the proportion of the population aged 75-84 years old who reached 85-94. As covariates we used two internationally comparable multivariate indexes: the European deprivation index and the multiple physical environmental deprivation index...
November 7, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239549/impact-of-walkability-with-regard-to-physical-activity-in-the-prevention-of-diabetes
#8
Carlos Mena, César Sepúlveda, Yony Ormazábal, Eduardo Fuentes, Iván Palomo
Walkability, a component of urban design intended to facilitate pedestrian traffic, depends on parameters associated with the connectivity of routes, population density and availability of destinations in the neighbourhood. The aim is to achieve levels of physical activity related to the prevention of risk factors associated with diseases, such as diabetes and the improvement of glycaemia control. It is important to consider that the effects of walkability depend on its relation with other variables present in the neighbourhood, e...
November 3, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239470/nutritional-knowledge-and-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Julia Luzzi Valmórbida, Maíra Ribas Goulart, Fernanda Michielin Busnello, Lúcia Campos Pellanda
OBJECTIVE: To verify the knowledge about food and nutrition and its association with the nutritional status of obese patients with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), and to identify the relationship between information sources and level of knowledge. METHOD: Cross-sectional study that included 263 outpatients of a cardiology referral hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The participants filled out a questionnaire on socioeconomic data and knowledge about food and nutrition and had their nutritional status evaluated by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR)...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239083/physical-growth-and-diets-of-school-children-trends-from-2001-to-2015-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#10
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess changes in physical growth and diets of school children in rural West Java, Indonesia, between 2001 and 2015, a period of rapid socioeconomic change. METHODS: In 2001 and 2015, anthropometric measurements (height, weight, mid-upper arm circumference, skin-fold thickness), food consumption surveys, and questionnaires on socioeconomic status were completed by fourth-grade school children in a rural village in West Java. RESULTS: Height increments of 5...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237621/patient-characteristics-influence-the-choice-of-biological-drug-in-ra-and-will-make-non-tnfi-biologics-appear-more-harmful-than-tnfi-biologics
#11
Thomas Frisell, Eva Baecklund, Karin Bengtsson, Daniela Di Giuseppe, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Johan Askling
OBJECTIVES: With the wide range of biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) available for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and limited evidence to guide the choice for individual patients, we wished to evaluate whether patient characteristics influence the choice of bDMARD in clinical practice, and to quantify the extent to which this would bias direct comparisons of treatment outcome. METHODS: Register-based study of all Swedish patients with RA initiating necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi), rituximab, abatacept or tocilizumab in 2011-2015 as their first bDMARD (n=6481), or after switch from TNFi as first bDMARD (n=2829)...
December 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237504/a-multivariate-analysis-of-calenviroscreen-comparing-environmental-and-socioeconomic-stressors-versus-chronic-disease
#12
Ben K Greenfield, Jayant Rajan, Thomas E McKone
BACKGROUND: The health-risk assessment paradigm is shifting from single stressor evaluation towards cumulative assessments of multiple stressors. Recent efforts to develop broad-scale public health hazard datasets provide an opportunity to develop and evaluate multiple exposure hazards in combination. METHODS: We performed a multivariate study of the spatial relationship between 12 indicators of environmental hazard, 5 indicators of socioeconomic hardship, and 3 health outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237420/development-of-mobile-technologies-for-the-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-in-santiago-chile-study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
McKenzie C Momany, Javiera Martinez-Gutierrez, Mauricio Soto, Daniel Capurro, Francis Ciampi, Beti Thompson, Klaus Puschel
BACKGROUND: In Chile, more than 500 women die every year from cervical cancer, and a majority of Chilean women are not up-to-date with their Papanicolau (Pap) test. Mobile health has great potential in many health areas, particularly in health promotion and prevention. There are no randomized controlled trials in Latin America assessing its use in cervical cancer screening. The 'Development of Mobile Technologies for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer in Santiago, Chile' study aims to determine the efficacy of a text-message intervention on Pap test adherence among Chilean women in the metropolitan region of Santiago...
December 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237410/trend-of-caesarean-deliveries-in-egypt-and-its-associated-factors-evidence-from-national-surveys-2005-2014
#14
Rami H Al Rifai
BACKGROUND: The continued rise in caesarean section (c-section) deliveries raises a major public health concern worldwide. This study assessed the trend of c-section deliveries and examined factors associated with a rise in c-section deliveries among the Egyptian mothers, from 2005 to 2014, by place of delivery. METHODS: This study utilized the 2005, 2008, and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS). The EDHS reported on the mode of delivery for the last birth occurred within five years preceding each survey including place of delivery and sociodemographic information for a total sample of over 29,000 mothers in the three surveys...
December 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#15
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237377/diet-and-brain-health-which-role-for-polyphenols
#16
Vanessa Castelli, Davide Grassi, Raffaella Bocale, Michele d'Angelo, Andrea Antonosante, Annamaria Cimini, Claudio Ferri, Giovambattista Desideri
BACKGROUND: The aging of western societies is leading to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of chronic conditions, threatening the health status and then the sustainability of our healthcare systems. In particular, dementia is being increasingly recognized as a public health priority, given its enormous socioeconomic burdens further amplified by the absence of treatments really effective in improving the clinical course of the disease. METHODS: The question of whether some degree of cognitive deterioration is an inevitable part of aging or should be considered as a pathological pre-stage of dementia is currently debated...
December 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237280/socioeconomic-determinants-of-the-utilization-of-antenatal-care-and-child-vaccination-in-india
#17
Mohd Zuhair, Ram Babu Roy
Antenatal care and child vaccination services are adopted worldwide to reduce the risk of child mortality, maternal mortality, and burden of infectious diseases. This article examines the effect of socioeconomic factors on the utilization of antenatal care and child vaccination services in India. The generalized linear model has been used along with the Indian National Family Health Survey data for the period 2005-2006. The analysis shows that the health insurance plan has a significant effect on the use of antenatal care but not in the child vaccination...
November 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237185/-how-are-effects-of-patient-education-programs-influenced-by-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-pediatrics
#18
Ingo Menrath, Gundula Ernst, Kirsten Mönkemöller, Christine Lehmann, Angela Eberding, Esther Müller-Godeffroy, Rüdiger Szczepanski, Karin Lange, Doris Staab, Ute Thyen
Background Modular patient education programs are effective in children with chronic conditions and their families. Little is known about the influence of socioeconomic status (SES), migration background (MB) and children's mental-health problems on the programs' effects. Objectives Do SES, MB or mental-health problems influence the success of education programs (disease-specific knowledge, children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and life satisfaction and parents' condition-specific burden)? Materials and methods Children with different chronic conditions and their parents participated in modular patient education programs...
December 13, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237152/multiple-socioeconomic-factors-and-dental-caries-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#19
Ann-Catrin André Kramer, Max Petzold, Magnus Hakeberg, Anna-Lena Östberg
The study aimed to explore associations between multiple socioeconomic factors and dental caries experience in Swedish children and adolescents (3-19 years old). Electronic dental records from 300,988, in a Swedish region (97.3% coverage) were collected using the DMFT indices (decayed, missing, filled teeth: dependent variables). Socioeconomic status (SES) data (ethnicity, wealth, parental education, and employment) for individuals, parents, and families were obtained from official registers. Principal component analysis was used to explore SES data...
December 14, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236973/the-role-of-financial-strain-and-self-control-in-explaining-health-behaviours-the-globe-study
#20
Mariëlle A Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger, Frank J van Lenthe, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
Background: Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive 'bandwidth' and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i) whether a low income increases the likelihood of experiencing financial strain and of unhealthy behaviours, (ii) to what extent more financial strain is associated with less self-control and, subsequently, (iii) whether less self-control is related to more unhealthy behaviour...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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