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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049902/emotion-dysregulation-moderates-the-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-with-prolonged-exposure-for-co-occurring-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#1
Denise A Hien, Teresa Lopez-Castro, Santiago Papini, Bernard Gorman, Lesia M Ruglass
A goal of clinical trials is to identify unique baseline characteristics that can inform treatment planning. One such target is emotion dysregulation (ED), which contributes to the maintenance of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) and may be a potential moderator of treatment response. We examined the moderating impact of ED severity on treatment outcomes in an urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and racially/ethnically diverse sample with complex trauma and severe SUDs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049825/comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-between-african-american-and-non-african-american-women
#2
Olga Corazón Irizarry, Lisa D Levine, Jennifer Lewey, Theresa Boyer, Valerie Riis, Michal A Elovitz, Zolt Arany
Importance: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) disproportionately affects women of African ancestry, but well-powered studies to explore differences in severity of disease and clinical outcomes are lacking. Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics, presentation, and outcomes of PPCM between African American and non-African American women. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study using data from January 1, 1986, through December 31, 2016, performed at the University of Pennsylvania Health System, a tertiary referral center serving a population with a high proportion of African American individuals, included 220 women with PPCM...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049468/nationwide-variation-in-rates-of-thyroidectomy-among-us-medicare-beneficiaries
#3
David O Francis, Gregory Randolph, Louise Davies
Importance: Research on variation in rates of procedures across otherwise similar geographic regions provides vital insight into practice patterns. It reveals the degree of consensus on how a particular condition is managed, shows areas where access to care may be inadequate, and other areas where the population may be receiving inappropriately high levels of care. Objective: To test the hypothesis that rates of thyroid surgery vary across US geographic regions...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049446/association-of-socioeconomics-with-prevalence-of-visual-impairment-and-blindness
#4
Wei Wang, William Yan, Andreas Müller, Stuart Keel, Mingguang He
Importance: Vision loss is the third most common impairment worldwide. Although cost-effective interventions are available for preventing or curing most causes of vision loss, availability of these interventions varies considerably between countries and districts. Knowledge of the association between vision loss and socioeconomic factors is informative for public health planning. Objectives: To explore correlations of the prevalence of visual impairment with socioeconomic factors at country levels and to model and estimate a socioeconomic-adjusted disease burden based on these data...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049059/status-of-high-body-weight-among-nurse-family-partnership-children
#5
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048965/the-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-interventions-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-ethnic-minority-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Isabel Ruiz-Perez, Matthew Murphy, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Antonio Rojas-García, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
BACKGROUND: Surveys in the United States and Europe have shown a plateau of new HIV cases, with certain regions and populations disproportionately affected by the disease. Ethnic minority women and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous reviews have focused on prevention interventions targeting ethnic minority men who have sex with men, have not accounted for socioeconomic status, or have included only interventions carried out in clinical settings...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048385/disease-and-health-inequalities-attributable-to-air-pollutant-exposure-in-detroit-michigan
#7
Sheena E Martenies, Chad W Milando, Guy O Williams, Stuart A Batterman
The environmental burden of disease is the mortality and morbidity attributable to exposures of air pollution and other stressors. The inequality metrics used in cumulative impact and environmental justice studies can be incorporated into environmental burden studies to better understand the health disparities of ambient air pollutant exposures. This study examines the diseases and health disparities attributable to air pollutants for the Detroit urban area. We apportion this burden to various groups of emission sources and pollutants, and show how the burden is distributed among demographic and socioeconomic subgroups...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048355/factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-under-five-children-illustration-using-bangladesh-demographic-and-health-survey-2014-data
#8
Ashis Talukder
Child malnutrition remains one of the major public health problems in many parts of the world, especially in a developing country like Bangladesh. Several socioeconomic and demographic factors are responsible for this condition. The present study was conducted to uncover the risk factors associated with malnutrition among under-five children in Bangladesh by analyzing the data from a nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) in 2014. The ordinal dependent variable-child nutrition status (severely malnourished, moderately malnourished, and nourished)-was developed by calculating weight-for-age Z score (WAZ)...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048350/who-environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region-a-systematic-review-on-environmental-noise-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Gordana Ristovska, Payam Dadvand
Introduction: Three recent systematic reviews suggested a relationship between noise exposure and adverse birth outcomes. The aim of this review was to evaluate the evidence for the World Health Organization (WHO) noise guidelines and conduct an updated systematic review of environmental noise, specifically aircraft and road traffic noise and birth outcomes, such as preterm birth, low birth weight, being small for gestational age and congenital malformations. Materials and methods: We reviewed again all the papers on environmental noise and birth outcomes included in the previous three systematic reviews and conducted a systematic search on noise and birth outcomes to update previous reviews...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047341/prevalence-of-multimorbidity-in-germany-impact-of-age-and-educational-level-in-a-cross-sectional-study-on-19-294-adults
#10
Marie-Therese Puth, Klaus Weckbecker, Matthias Schmid, Eva Münster
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is one of the most important and challenging aspects in public health. Multimorbid people are associated with more hospital admissions, a large number of drug prescriptions and higher risks of mortality. As there is evidence that multimorbidity varies with age and socioeconomic disparity, the main objective aimed at determining age-specific prevalence rates as well as exploring educational differences relating to multimorbidity in Germany. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis is based on the national telephone health interview survey "German Health Update" (GEDA2012) conducted between March 2012 and March 2013 with nearly 20,000 adults...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046657/the-palliative-function-of-hostile-sexism-among-high-and-low-status-chilean-students
#11
Salvador Vargas-Salfate
Previous studies have demonstrated that justifying the social, economic, and political systems is associated with psychological well-being, which has been termed as the palliative function of ideology. However, little research has been conducted on gender stereotypes among children, comparing by socioeconomic status. This study aimed to fill this gap in the system justification literature. We present data from the Chilean version of the International Survey of Children Well-Being (ISCWeB), which was conducted in 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046028/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-throughout-the-life-cycle-in-argentina
#12
Juan Carlos Ivancevich, Hugo Neffen, Mario E Zernotti, Estrella Asayag, Ariel Blua, Alberto Cicerán, Edgardo J Jares, Alberto J Lavrut, Jorge F Máspero, Ioana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, Giorgio W Canonica, Thomas B Casale, Álvaro A Cruz, Wytske J Fokkens, Peter W Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The ARIA initiative was started during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were to propose a new classification for allergic rhinitis, to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and to develop guidelines with stakeholders for world-wide use. ARIA is now focused on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK: MACVIA-Aria Sentinel Network uses mobile technology to develop care pathways that enable management by a multidisciplinary group or by patients themselves...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045916/suicide-deaths-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-of-64-000-patients-in-taiwan
#13
I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsien Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Chi-Shin Wu, Jia-Chi Shan, Shu-Sen Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis may experience increased distress and risk of suicide. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked Taiwan's national register of ESRD patients on dialysis and the cause-of-death mortality data file. A separate multiple-cause-of-death data file was used to investigate the detailed suicide methods used. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the overall patient group and by sex, age, year of initiating dialysis, method of suicide, and time since initiation of dialysis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045681/international-patterns-and-trends-in-endometrial-cancer-incidence-1978-2013
#14
Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie Bray, Ahmedin Jemal
Background: Cancers of the corpus uteri-primarily of the endometrium-rank as the sixth most common neoplasm in women worldwide. Analyses of the global patterns and trends of uterine cancer rates are needed in view of the ongoing obesity epidemic, a major risk factor for the disease. Methods: Data on endometrial cancer (ICD-10 C54) incidence from population-based cancer registries in 43 populations, published in CI5plus or by registries, were extracted for 1978 to 2013...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045614/-i-have-to-listen-to-this-old-body-femininity-and-the-aging-body
#15
Sylivia Karen Rutagumirwa, Ajay Bailey
Background and Objectives: This study explores how older women with low socioeconomic status living in rural Tanzania give meaning to their (aging) body in relation to the ideals of femininity. Research Design and Methods: Ten qualitative in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions (N = 60) were conducted among women aged 60 and older. Results: The findings reveal that older women perceive their aging body as "a burden." This characterization of the body is linked to the inability of the aging body to live up to the women's gendered lives...
October 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045429/preclinical-antivenom-efficacy-testing-reveals-potentially-disturbing-deficiencies-of-snakebite-treatment-capability-in-east-africa
#16
Robert A Harrison, George O Oluoch, Stuart Ainsworth, Jaffer Alsolaiss, Fiona Bolton, Ana-Silvia Arias, José-María Gutiérrez, Paul Rowley, Stephen Kalya, Hastings Ozwara, Nicholas R Casewell
BACKGROUND: Antivenom is the treatment of choice for snakebite, which annually kills an estimated 32,000 people in sub-Saharan Africa and leaves approximately 100,000 survivors with permanent physical disabilities that exert a considerable socioeconomic burden. Over the past two decades, the high costs of the most polyspecifically-effective antivenoms have sequentially reduced demand, commercial manufacturing incentives and production volumes that have combined to create a continent-wide vacuum of effective snakebite therapy...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045425/comorbidities-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-koreans-with-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes
#17
Hyemin Jeong, Sun Young Baek, Seon Woo Kim, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Jaejoon Lee, Chan Hong Jeon, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the association of knee osteoarthritis (OA) with comorbidities and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: A total of 8,907 (weighted n = 13,687,058) participants aged ≥50 years who had undergone knee radiography were selected from the 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. OA was classified into four subgroups based on the presence or absence of pain and radiographic OA (ROA): non-OA (Pain-/ROA-), pain only (Pain+/ROA-), ROA only (Pain-/ROA+), and painful ROA (Pain+/ROA+)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045352/impact-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-outcomes-for-children-waitlisted-for-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#18
Douglas B Mogul, Xun Luo, Eric K Chow, Allan B Massie, Tanjala S Purnell, Kathleen B Schwarz, Andrew M Cameron, John F P Bridges, Dorry L Segev
OBJECTIVE: African Americans and other minorities are known to face barriers to health care influencing their access to organ transplantation but it is not known whether these barriers exist among pediatric liver transplant waitlist candidates. We sought to determine whether outcomes on the waitlist (i.e., mortality, deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT), and living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT)) varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS: National registry data were studied to estimate the race/ethnicity-specific risk of waitlist mortality, DDLT and LDLT in children (<18 years) waitlisted between March, 2002 and March, 2015...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044996/lifestyle-habitat-and-farmers-risk-of-exposure-to-tick-bites-in-an-endemic-area-of-tick-borne-diseases-in-hungary
#19
S Li, L Juhász-Horváth, A Trájer, L Pintér, M D A Rounsevell, P A Harrison
Controlling tick bites on farmers is important to the management of tick-borne diseases and occupational health risks in agriculture. Based on an extensive household survey conducted between June and August 2015 with 219 farmers from western Hungary where tick-borne diseases are endemic, we analysed the pattern of farmers' self-reported contacts with ticks and investigated the potential interactions between farmers, landscape and the risk of exposure to tick bites. We developed a lifestyle typology based on farmers' socioeconomic profiles, farming objectives and time use patterns, and a habitat typology describing different configurations of tick habitats and agricultural areas in place of farming...
October 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044846/socio-demographic-factors-drive-regional-differences-in-participation-in-the-national-bowel-cancer-screening-program-an-ecological-analysis
#20
Jiandong Sun, Sonja March, Michael J Ireland, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Belinda Goodwin, Melissa K Hyde, Suzanne K Chambers, Joanne F Aitken, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To examine if geographic variations in the participation rates in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) are related to population-level socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Data reflecting participation in the NBCSP for 504 Local Government Areas (LGAs) between July 2011 and June 2013 were extracted from the Social Health Atlas of Australia. Logistic regression models were used to examine independent associations (odds ratios [ORs]) between participation, Remoteness Area (RA) and selected socio-demographic variables...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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