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systematic inflammation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790676/gemcitabine-and-cisplatin-regimen-facilitates-prognosis-of-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#1
Qiongxuan Li, Zhi Yin, Tingting Wang, Lizhang Chen, Zhanzhan Li
This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and adverse effects of GP (gemcitabine + cisplatin) regimen and FP (fluouracil + cisplatin) regimen in treatment of advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Systematic online searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Sciences, China Knowledge Infrastructure and Weipu from the inception to November 15, 2017. Potential studies were assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias scale. Statistical analyses were performed on Stata 14.0 and RevMan 5.3. Finally, twelve studies entered final qualitative synthesis and quantitative analysis...
May 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788186/nanoparticle-based-oral-drug-delivery-systems-targeting-the-colon-for-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#2
Mingzhen Zhang, Didier Merlin
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Delivery of orally administered drugs to the colon is highly desirable for the treatment of UC, as it improves their efficacy while reducing systemic toxicity. However, the targeting of oral drugs to the colon, which is located at the distal end of the gastrointestinal tract, is difficult due to physiological challenges, biochemical barriers, and environmental barriers, including those associated with mucus and epithelium...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785151/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-update-on-diagnosis
#3
REVIEW
Dan L Dumitrascu, Manuela G Neuman
Background and aim: The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its sub-entity, the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) represent a field of a tremendous progress in recent years. Clinicians need to remain updated with new data on pathogenesis and therapy. The present mini review aims to present some new scientific reports on the diagnosis of NAFLD and NASH for clinical practitioners. Methods: A systematic literature search of the main international databases was performed...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782624/the-underlying-mechanisms-involved-in-the-protective-effects-of-ischemic-postconditioning
#4
Rong Xie, Jinquan Li, Heng Zhao
Cerebral ischemic postconditioning (PostC) refers to a series of brief ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) cycles applied at the onset of reperfusion following an ischemic event. PostC has been shown to have neuroprotective effects, and represents a promising clinical strategy against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Many studies have indicated that cerebral PostC can effectively reduce neural cell death, cerebral edema and infarct size, improve cerebral circulation, and relieve inflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress...
2018: Conditioning medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777863/comparison-of-histological-and-morphometrical-changes-underlying-subchondral-bone-abnormalities-in-inflammatory-and-degenerative-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
M Loef, S van Beest, F P B Kroon, J L Bloem, O M Dekkers, M Reijnierse, J W Schoones, M Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Subchondral bone abnormalities (SBAs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are observed frequently and associated with disease course in various musculoskeletal disorders. This review aims to map the existing knowledge of their underlying histological features, and to identify needs for future research. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review following PRISMA guidelines until September 2017, including all studies correlating histological features to on MRI defined SBAs in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) and degenerative disc disease (DDD)...
May 16, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775878/repositioning-of-diabetes-treatments-for-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#6
REVIEW
Calum D Moulton, Christopher W P Hopkins, Khalida Ismail, Daniel Stahl
Depression is a common comorbidity in diabetes but conventional antidepressant treatments do not consistently improve outcomes. We tested whether established diabetes treatments can also improve depressive symptoms and examined biological correlates of response. We performed a multi-database systematic search of all clinical trials, which measured the effect of licensed diabetes treatments on depressive symptoms using a validated questionnaire. Results of randomised controlled trials (RCT's) were pooled for meta-analysis...
May 7, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772024/use-of-human-amniotic-epithelial-cells-in-mouse-models-of-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Fang He, Aiting Zhou, Shuo Feng
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) urgently requires effective treatment. Bleomycin-induced lung injury models are characterized by initial inflammation and secondary fibrosis, consistent with the pathological features of IPF. Human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs) exhibit good differentiation potential and paracrine activity and are thus ideal for cell-based clinical therapies. The therapeutic effects of hAECs on lung fibrosis are attributed to many factors. We performed a systematic review of preclinical studies investigating the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis with hAECs to provide suggestions for their clinical use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768622/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-cytokine-related-genes-and-association-with-clinical-outcome-in-a-chagas-disease-case-control-study-from-brazil
#8
Lucia Elena Alvarado-Arnez, Angelica Martins Batista, Silvia Marinho Alves, Gloria Melo, Virgínia Maria Barros de Lorena, Cynthia C Cardoso, Isabela Resende Pereira, Cristina Carrazzone, Antonio G Pacheco, Wilson Oliveira, Milton Ozório Moraes, Joseli Lannes-Vieira
BACKGROUND: The severity of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCC), the most frequent clinical outcome of Chagas disease (CD), has been associated with cytokine-enriched heart tissue inflammation, and high serum levels of transforming growth factor (TGFβ), interferon-gamma (IFNγ), and tumour necrosis factor (TNF). Conversely, increased interleukin (IL)-10 serum concentrations have been associated with asymptomatic CD. Cytokines and cytokine-related gene polymorphisms may control cytokine expression and have been proposed to contribute to CCC outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766824/adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies-on-preclinical-evidence
#9
Fatima Saleh, Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasing global health problem, but its treatment is not yet optimal, especially in the long term. For this reason, preclinical studies have been conducted relating to a new therapeutic strategy for obesity based on adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs). The aim of our systematic review is to summarize these findings deriving from the animal model in order to establish whether there is sufficient evidence to justify going forward to clinical studies...
May 15, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762052/effects-of-physical-exercise-on-adiponectin-leptin-and-inflammatory-markers-in-childhood-obesity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Felice Sirico, Antonio Bianco, Giovanni D'Alicandro, Clotilde Castaldo, Stefania Montagnani, Rocco Spera, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
BACKGROUND: New findings on adipose tissue physiology and obesity-associated inflammation status suggest that modification of the adipokine level can be relevant for the long-term prevention of obesity-associated chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The scope of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of physical exercise in reducing the systemic inflammation related to obesity in children. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis of controlled randomized trials, identified through electronic database search, which investigated the effect of physical exercise, without concomitant dietary intervention, on adiponectin, leptin, and/or other inflammatory markers in children up to age 18 years with a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile for age and sex...
May 15, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761620/polyserositis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#11
Inés Losada, Juan González Moreno, Nuria Roda, Lola Ventayol, Yolanda Borjas, Francisco Javier Domínguez, Victoria Fernández Vaca, Mercedes García Gasalla, Antoni Payeras
Polyserositis (PS) is the inflammation, with effusion, of different serous membranes. It has been associated with different aetiologiesbut the aetiology of PS remains unknown in a high percentage of patients. The general objective of this retrospective study was to analyse the aetiology of PS cases seen at Son Llàtzer Hospital in an eleven-year period. Other objectives were to determine epidemiological, clinical, and analytical characteristics of these patients. Ninety-two patients were included in the study...
May 14, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761573/using-fat-to-fight-disease-a-systematic-review-of-non-homologous-adipose-derived-stromal-stem-cell-therapies
#12
REVIEW
Marjorie E Bateman, Amy L Strong, Jeffrey M Gimble, Bruce A Bunnell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to describe the safety and efficacy of ASC and SVF in treating common diseases and the next steps in research that must occur prior to clinical use. EVIDENCE REVIEW: Pubmed, Ovid Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles about use of SVF or ASC for disease therapy published between 2012 and 2017. One meta-analysis, 2 randomized controlled trials, and 16 case series were included, representing 844 human patients...
May 15, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760558/pretreatment-hematologic-markers-as-prognostic-predictors-of-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yu Zhou, Dezhi Li, Ye Lin, Min Yu, Xin Lu, Zhixiang Jian, Ning Na, Baohua Hou
Background: Systemic inflammation can be reflected by peripheral hematologic parameters and combined index like the lymphocyte count, neutrophil count, platelet count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the association between the hematologic markers and prognosis of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). Methods: A computerized systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted up to August 2016...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757229/effect-of-dietary-sugar-intake-on-biomarkers-of-subclinical-inflammation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intervention-studies
#14
REVIEW
Karen W Della Corte, Ines Perrar, Katharina J Penczynski, Lukas Schwingshackl, Christian Herder, Anette E Buyken
It has been postulated that dietary sugar consumption contributes to increased inflammatory processes in humans, and that this may be specific to fructose (alone, in sucrose or in high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)). Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis and systematic literature review to evaluate the relevance of fructose, sucrose, HFCS, and glucose consumption for systemic levels of biomarkers of subclinical inflammation. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane libraries were searched for controlled intervention studies that report the effects of dietary sugar intake on (hs)CRP, IL-6, IL-18, IL-1RA, TNF-α, MCP-1, sICAM-1, sE-selectin, or adiponectin...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755526/salivary-levels-of-hemoglobin-for-screening-periodontal-disease-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Yoshiaki Nomura, Ayako Okada, Yoh Tamaki, Hiroko Miura
Periodontal disease is a common inflammatory disease. It affects about 20-50% of global population in both developed and developing countries. Early detection of slight changes of periodontal tissue plays an important role in prevention of onset and progression of periodontal disease. Hence, there is a need of a screening test to assess periodontal tissue for health check-ups. Salivary levels hemoglobin (Hb) has been proposed to assess the conditions of the inflammation of gingiva. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and summarize critically the current evidences for Hb as periodontal screening test...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755363/an-evidence-based-approach-for-choosing-post-exercise-recovery-techniques-to-reduce-markers-of-muscle-damage-soreness-fatigue-and-inflammation-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Olivier Dupuy, Wafa Douzi, Dimitri Theurot, Laurent Bosquet, Benoit Dugué
Introduction: The aim of the present work was to perform a meta-analysis evaluating the impact of recovery techniques on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), perceived fatigue, muscle damage, and inflammatory markers after physical exercise. Method: Three databases including PubMed, Embase , and Web-of-Science were searched using the following terms: ("recovery" or "active recovery" or "cooling" or "massage" or "compression garment" or "electrostimulation" or "stretching" or "immersion" or "cryotherapy") and ("DOMS" or "perceived fatigue" or "CK" or "CRP" or "IL-6") and ("after exercise" or "post-exercise") for randomized controlled trials, crossover trials, and repeated-measure studies...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754286/systematic-review-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-dietary-intervention-on-gut-microbiota-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
David Houghton, Timothy Hardy, Christopher Stewart, Linda Errington, Christopher P Day, Michael I Trenell, Leah Avery
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Despite improved understanding of the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus, explanations for individual variability in disease progression and response to treatment are incomplete. The gut microbiota has been linked to the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus and may account for this variability. We conducted a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of dietary and physical activity/exercise interventions in modulating the gut microbiota and improving glucose control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
May 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751771/unique-and-shared-inflammatory-profiles-of-human-brain-endothelia-and-pericytes
#18
Leon C D Smyth, Justin Rustenhoven, Thomas I-H Park, Patrick Schweder, Deidre Jansson, Peter A Heppner, Simon J O'Carroll, Edward W Mee, Richard L M Faull, Maurice Curtis, Mike Dragunow
BACKGROUND: Pericytes and endothelial cells are critical cellular components of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and play an important role in neuroinflammation. To date, the majority of inflammation-related studies in endothelia and pericytes have been carried out using immortalised cell lines or non-human-derived cells. Whether these are representative of primary human cells is unclear and systematic comparisons of the inflammatory responses of primary human brain-derived pericytes and endothelia has yet to be performed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750779/should-systemic-corticosteroids-be-used-for-bronchiolitis
#19
Gonzalo Alarcón-Andrade, Lorena Cifuentes
INTRODUCTION: Bronchiolitis is an acute small airways inflammation mainly caused by a viral infection. It is frequent in children under two years of age, particularly under 12 months. The use of systemic corticosteroids has been proposed for bronchiolitis, especially for severely ill patients. However, its efficacy is still controversial. METHODS: To answer this question we gathered information using Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
May 7, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748708/evaluation-of-interleukin-6-and-its-soluble-receptor-components-sil-6r-and-sgp130-as-markers-of-inflammation-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
Susanna Nikolaus, Georg H Waetzig, Sven Butzin, Monika Ziolkiewicz, Natalie Al-Massad, Florian Thieme, Ulf Lövgren, Birgitte B Rasmussen, Torsten M Reinheimer, Dirk Seegert, Philip Rosenstiel, Silke Szymczak, Stefan Schreiber
PURPOSE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and signalling are increased in the inflamed mucosa in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). As published serum levels of IL-6 and its soluble receptors sIL-6R and sgp130 in IBD are from small cohorts and partly contradictory, we systematically evaluated IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 levels as markers of disease activity in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Consecutive adult outpatients with confirmed CD or UC were included, and their disease activity and medication were monitored...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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