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Chiara Tersigni, Fiorella Di Nicuolo, Giuseppe Maulucci, Alessandro Rolfo, Domenica Giuffrida, Manuela Veglia, Marco De Spirito, Giovanni Scambia, Tullia Todros, Nicoletta Di Simone
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is defined by new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation and characterized by systemic exaggerated inflammatory response. D6 is a chemokines scavenger receptor that binds with high affinity CC chemokines, internalizes and targets the ligands for degradation. It is expressed in trophoblast-derived tissues and prevents excessive placenta leukocyte infiltration...
2016: PloS One
Chunju Li, Suxiang Ma, Huanqing Chen, Jian Li, Xueshun Jia
Biphen[n]arenes (n = 3, 4) are a new family of macrocyclic hosts. Here we describe molecular recognition behaviour of hydroxylated biphen[4]arene (OHBP4) for the first time. A series of cationic guests with different size and shape, including quaternary ammonium salts (1*PF6 and 2*PF6), pyridinium-based guests (3*2PF6-6*2PF6) and cobaltocenium hexafluorophosphate (7*PF6), were chosen as the model guest molecules. OHBP4 exhibits good selectivity towards 2,7-dibutyldiazapyrenium bis(hexafluorophosphate) (4*2PF6) axle to form a [2]pseudorotaxane-type complex...
October 19, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Kai Sun, Chao Fang, Weicheng Yang, Zhongjie Xu, Haoran Wang, Wen Sun, Yong Luo, Yi Xu
This report presents an efficient synthesis of D6 -clenproperol and D6 -cimaterol with 99.5% and 99.7% isotopic abundance in acceptable yields and excellent chemical purities with deuterium isopropylamine as labelled precursor. Their structures and the isotope-abundance were confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Wenhui Yao, Huiyong Wang, Guokai Cui, Zhiyong Li, Jianji Wang
Thermo-responsive materials with reversible phase transition in molecular solvents are of great importance for catalysis reaction, product separation, and catalyst recycling among others. In this work, liquid-liquid phase transition of PEG-functionalized ionic liquids [PEGm(mim)2][NTf2]2 (m = 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000) in aliphatic alcohol (ethanol, 1-propanol or isopropanol) and in aqueous aliphatic alcohol was investigated by turbidity and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, and the effects of the alkyl chain length of the alcohol molecules and molecular weight of the PEG middle block of the ionic liquids on the phase transition behaviour were examined...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Adam Michael Scheer, Arkke J Eskola, David L Osborn, Leonid Sheps, Craig Allen Taatjes
The pulsed photolytic chlorine-initiated oxidation of diethyl ketone [DEK; (CH3CH2)2C=O], 2,2,4,4-d4-DEK [d4-DEK; (CH3CD2)2C=O] and 1,1,1,5,5,5-d6-DEK [d6-DEK; (CD3CH2)2C=O] is studied at 8 Torr and 1 - 2 atm and from 400 - 625 K. Cl atoms produced by laser photolysis react with diethyl ketone to form either primary (3-pentan-on-1-yl, RP) or secondary (3-pentan-on-2-yl, RS¬¬) radicals, which in turn react with O2. Multiplexed time of flight mass spectrometry, coupled to either a hydrogen discharge lamp or tunable synchrotron photoionizing radiation, is used to detect products as a function of mass, time and photon energy...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Wataru Matsuzaki, Hiromasa Takahashi, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Toshihiko Murayama
Ceramide kinase (CerK) and ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) are involved in various cellular functions, while regulation of the enzyme activity has not been well elucidated. We herein investigated the effects of several glycerophospholipids on human recombinant CerK activity with CaCl2 and MgCl2 by measuring the formation of fluorescent labeled C1P in vitro. CerK activities were 44.1±11.4 (pmol/µg/min) with vehicle, 137±29 with 2 mM CaCl2, and 144±32 with 2 mM MgCl2 in the glycerol/albumin buffer. The addition of glycerophospholipids such as phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol (PI), PI 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2), and phosphatidic acid had no effect on CerK activity with CaCl2, although PI(4,5)P2 and phosphatidic acid bound to CerK in the lipid-protein overlay assay...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
W J Yang, Z Yu, R Lyu, Z J Li, H Li, W J Xiong, S H Yi, W Liu, L G Qiu
Objective: To investigate the IGHV mutational status and its differences from Caucasian in splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL). Methods: A retrospective study on 40 SMZL cases were performed to detect the V-D-J sequence of IGHV by plasmid cloning sequencing, comparing the data with the most homologous germ line V sequence in database, identifying the stereotype of patients through cluster analysis and alignment. The clinical and laboratory characteristics were compared between the patients with IGHV mutation and without mutations...
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Miguel Quiliano, Adela Mendoza, Kim Y Fong, Adriana Pabón, Nathan E Goldfarb, Isabelle Fabing, Ariane Vettorazzi, Adela López de Cerain, Ben M Dunn, Giovanny Garavito, David W Wright, Eric Deharo, Silvia Pérez-Silanes, Ignacio Aldana, Silvia Galiano
Synthesis of new 1-aryl-3-substituted propanol derivatives followed by structure-activity relationship, in silico drug-likeness, cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in silico metabolism, in silico pharmacophore modeling, and in vivo studies led to the identification of compounds 22 and 23 with significant in vitro antiplasmodial activity against drug sensitive (D6 IC50 ≤ 0.19 μM) and multidrug resistant (FCR-3 IC50 ≤ 0.40 μM and C235 IC50 ≤ 0.28 μM) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Adequate selectivity index and absence of genotoxicity was also observed...
September 28, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Ping-Yong Liao, Xin-Rong Wang, Ying-Hua Gao, Xiang-Hua Zhang, Li-Jun Zhang, Chun-Hong Song, Dan-Ping Zhang, Yi-Jia Yan, Zhi-Long Chen
A series of β-alkylaminoporphyrins conjugated with different amines at β position (D1-D3) or with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents at phenyl position (D4-D6) were synthesized. Their photophysical and photochemical properties, intracellular localization, photocytotoxicities in vitro and vivo were also investigated. All target compounds exhibited no cytotoxicities in the dark and excellent photocytotoxicities against HeLa cells. Among them, D6 showed the highest phototoxicity and the lowest dark toxicity, which was more phototoxic than Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME)...
September 26, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Wei Li, Hongjia Yang, Dimiter S Dimitrov
CD16A (FcγRIIIA) is an activating receptor mostly expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes/macrophages. It can mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) through low-affinity interaction with human immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc. It can also mediate cell lysis if NK cells are guided by bispecific killer cells engagers (BiKEs). BiKEs showed some success in clinical trials of cancer and are promising candidate therapeutics. However, currently reported BiKEs are based on antibody fragments (scFvs) of relatively large size...
October 3, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Irene Thamm, Johannes Richers, Michael Rychlik, Konrad Tiefenbacher
The short synthesis of α-thujone relies on the functionalization of the readily available dimethylfulvene. Furthermore, the three main metabolites of the natural product were also synthesized. Since d6-acetone can be used as a starting material, the route developed allows for the facile incorporation of isotopic labels which are required for detecting and quantifying trace amounts via GC/MS analysis.
September 22, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Wafa Bouleftour, Renata Neves Granito, Arnaud Vanden-Bossche, Odile Sabido, Bernard Roche, Mireille Thomas, Marie Thérèse Linossier, Jane E Aubin, Marie-Hélène Lafage-Proust, Laurence Vico, Luc Malaval
The bone organ integrates the activity of bone tissue, bone marrow and blood vessels and the factors ensuring this coordination remain ill defined. Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is with osteopontin (OPN) a member of the Small Integrin Binding Ligand N-Linked Glycoprotein (SIBLING) family, involved in bone formation, hematopoiesis and angiogenesis. In rodents, bone marrow ablation induces a rapid formation of medullary bone which peaks by ∼8 days (d8) and is blunted in BSP-/- mice. We investigated the coordinate hematopoietic and vascular recolonization of the bone shaft after marrow ablation of 2 month old BSP + /+ and BSP-/- mice...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Morten Tønning, Dorthe Petersen, Marie Steglich-Petersen, Claudio Csillag
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and body weight have been shown to be associated to treatment outcome in patients with major depressive disorder, but this relationship is not clear. Visceral fat might be an underlying mechanism explaining this relationship. AIMS: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate whether visceral fat, as measured by hip-to-waist ratio and waist circumference, affects treatment outcome in patients with major depressive disorder in patients attending a hospital psychiatric care unit in Denmark...
October 5, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Benjamin R Garrett, Kevin A Click, Christopher B Durr, Christopher M Hadad, Yiying Wu
Crystalline and amorphous molybdenum sulfide (Mo-S) catalysts are leaders as earth abundant materials for electrocatalytic hydrogen production. The development of a molecular motif inspired by the Mo-S catalytic materials and their active sites is of interest, as molecular species possess a great degree of tunable electronic prop-erties. Furthermore, these molecular mimics may be important for providing mechanistic insights towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) with Mo-S electrocatalysts. Herein is presented two water soluble Mo-S complexes based around the [MoO(S2)2L2]1- motif...
October 3, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jordi Redondo, Carlos Jaime, Albert Marqués
The use of deuterated drug bioisosteres to obtain superior pharmacokinetic properties or to investigate biotransformations at the molecular level is a growing field of pharmaceutical research. This work presents a NMR study on the deuteration of three structurally related antisecretory proton-pump inhibitors, the sodium salts of esomeprazole, 1, pantoprazole, 2, and rabeprazole, 3. It has been found that the methylene adjacent to the sulfinyl group displays stereoselective deuteration when the sodium salts of these products are dissolved at room temperature in D2O or CD3OD, a process that also occurs very efficiently in DMSO-d6 (a solvent considered non-deuterating) if a catalytic amount of NaOH is added...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
De-Gao Wang, Shane R de Solla, Michel Lebeuf, Tommy Bisbicos, Glenn C Barrett, Mehran Alaee
We measured the concentrations of linear and cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (VMS) concentrations in the blood plasma of turtles, cormorants, and seals collected from Canadian freshwater and marine ecosystems. A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method was developed to quantify the levels of linear and cyclic VMS in the plasma samples. The cyclic VMS of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) were present in the plasma of all three species...
September 20, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Lin Xu, Xudan He, Liqin Zhi, Chunhui Zhang, Tao Zeng, Yaqi Cai
Simulated experiments indicated that chlorinated volatile methylsiloxanes, detected by Q-TOF GC/MS, could be generated in a pulp-bleaching process, where poly(dimethylsiloxane)s fluids with volatile methylsiloxanes as impurities and molecular chlorine were used as a defoamer and bleaching agent, respectively. In the producing processes of one papermaking factory, the mean total concentrations of monochlorinated D4, D5, and D6, i.e., D3D(CH2Cl), D4D(CH2Cl), and D5D(CH2Cl), were 0.0430-287 μg/L in aqueous samples, while they were 0...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Kellyn M Patros, Jennifer E Mann, Caroline Chick Jarrold
The anion photoelectron imaging spectra of O2(-)·VOC and O4(-)·VOC (VOC = hexane, isoprene, benzene, and benzene-d6) complexes measured using 3.49 eV photon energy, along with the results of ab initio and density functional theory results are reported and analyzed. Photodetachment of these anionic complexes accesses neutrals that model collision complexes, offering a probe of the effects of symmetry-breaking collision events on the electronic structure of normally transparent neutral molecules. The energies of O2(-)·VOC spectral features compared to the bare O2(-) indicate that photodetachment of the anion accesses a modestly repulsive region of the O2-VOC potential energy surface, with subtle VOC dependence on the relative energies of the O2 (X (3)Σg(-))·VOC ground state and O2 (a (1)Δg)·VOC excited state...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Georgia Gatidou, Olga S Arvaniti, Athanasios S Stasinakis, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Henrik R Andersen
Hydrolysis of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5), dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) and dodecamethylcyclohexasilane (D6_silane) and their sorption to digested sludge was studied in batch experiments. Hydrolysis was affected by the type of the compound and the applied temperature, while the relevant half-life values ranged between 0.07±0.01d (D3, 55°C) and 48.4±17.1d (D6_silane, 4°C). D5 showed the greatest affinity for sorption to digested sludge (logKd: 3...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Soheila Raysi Dehcordi, Alessandro Ricci, Alessandro Chiominto, Danilo De Paulis, Hambra Di Vitantonio, Renato J Galzio
BACKGROUND: Extradural spinal mass lesions are most commonly metastatic tumors. Extradural meningiomas are rare, accounting for approximately 2.5-3.5% of spinal meningiomas; intraoperatively, they are easily mistaken for malignant tumors, especially in the en plaque variety, resulting in inadequate surgical treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: Our case is one of the first to describe a patient with two purely extradural meningiomas, one each between D3-D4 and between D5-D6 vertebral levels...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
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