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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222531/physical-exercise-with-music-maintains-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-dementia-mihama-kiho-project-part-21
#1
Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that combined non-pharmacological interventions are more beneficial than single interventions for primary and secondary prevention of dementia. We previously reported enhanced effects of physical exercise with music (ExM) on cognitive function in normal elderly people compared to exercise alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify if ExM improves cognitive function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in dementia patients over cognitive stimulation (CS)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222505/cognitive-training-interventions-for%C3%A2-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#2
Eeva-Liisa Kallio, Hanna Öhman, Hannu Kautiainen, Marja Hietanen, Kaisu Pitkälä
BACKGROUND: Cognitive training (CT) refers to guided cognitive exercises designed to improve specific cognitive functions, as well as enhance performance in untrained cognitive tasks. Positive effects of CT on cognitive functions in healthy elderly people and persons with mild cognitive impairment have been reported, but data regarding the effects of CT in patients with dementia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We systematically reviewed the current evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to find out if CT improves or stabilizes cognition and/or everyday functioning in patients with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221145/-diet-in-the-lithiasic-patient-a-practical-guide
#3
Montserrat Arzoz Fàbregas, Luis Ibarz-Servio, Roger Freixa Sala, Anna Colomer Gallardo, Mario Alves Oliveira
The incidence and prevalence of lithiasic disease in developed countries has increased over the last years. Being diet one of the risk factors for urolithiasis, and having it evolved in conjunction with lifestyle over the last decades, such changes could explain the increase in lithiasis case-load. In this article, we analyze how the exercise of the urologist has been regarding the preventive role of diet in the lithiasis patient, what are the scientific evidences on the relationship of diet and lithiasis, and, on this base, what general dietetic recommendations we can give currently to our patients...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219338/effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-of-mixed-surveillance-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-at-moderate-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Raquel Bravo-Escobar, Alicia González-Represas, Adela María Gómez-González, Angel Montiel-Trujillo, Rafael Aguilar-Jimenez, Rosa Carrasco-Ruíz, Pablo Salinas-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented the feasibility of home-based cardiac rehabilitation programmes in low-risk patients with ischemic heart disease, but a similar solution needs to be found for patients at moderate cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness and safety of a home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme of mixed surveillance in patients with ischemic cardiopathology at moderate cardiovascular risk. METHODS: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was designed wherein 28 patients with stable coronary artery disease at moderate cardiovascular risk, who met the selection criteria for this study, participated...
February 20, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218802/non-invasive-ventilation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#5
REVIEW
Fidelma Moran, Judy M Bradley, Amanda J Piper
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation may be a means to temporarily reverse or slow the progression of respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis by providing ventilatory support and avoiding tracheal intubation. Using non-invasive ventilation, in the appropriate situation or individuals, can improve lung mechanics through increasing airflow and gas exchange and decreasing the work of breathing. Non-invasive ventilation thus acts as an external respiratory muscle. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217935/effects-of-individualized-exercise-program-on-physical-function-psychological-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#6
Qing Tang, Bin Yang, Fengyan Fan, Ping Li, Lei Yang, Yujie Guo
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on physical function, psychological dimensions, and health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease. Ninety eligible patients were enrolled and randomly separated into the exercise group and the control group from November 2015 to May 2016. The exercise group received an individualized exercise program while the control group received only usual care and continued primary lifestyle. Physical function was measured using 6-minute walk test and 10 repetitions of the sit-to-stand test while psychological dimensions were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217027/adenosine-stress-induced-left-bundle-branch-block-during-technetium-99m-tetrofosmin-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#7
Mohan Roop Jayanthi, Arun Sasikumar, Arun Kumar Reddy Gorla, Ashwani Sood, Anish Bhattacharya, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
The occurrence of left bundle branch block (LBBB) in electrocardiogram during exercise testing is a relatively rare finding. The incidence of LBBB during exercise testing ranges from 0.5% to 1.1%. The mechanism of exercise-induced LBBB (EI-LBBB) is poorly understood, but ischemia is a proposed etiology. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) can be useful in patients with EI-LBBB to rule out coronary artery disease. Adenosine vasodilator stress is the preferred mode of stress in patients with LBBB for performing stress-MPI...
January 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216412/sex-impacts-the-flow-mediated-dilation-response-to-acute-aerobic-exercise-in-older-adults
#8
Jeung-Ki Yoo, Michelle M Pinto, Han-Kyul Kim, Chueh-Lung Hwang, Jisok Lim, Eileen M Handberg, Demetra D Christou
There is growing evidence of sex differences in the chronic effect of aerobic exercise on endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation; FMD) in older adults, but whether there are sex differences also in the acute effect of aerobic exercise on FMD in older adults is unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that sex modulates the FMD response to acute aerobic exercise in older adults. Thirteen older men and fifteen postmenopausal women (67±1 vs. 65±2years, means±SE, P=0.6), non-smokers, free of major clinical disease, participated in this randomized crossover study...
February 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215975/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-prevention-is-healthy-urban-living-a-possible-reality-or-utopia
#9
REVIEW
Silvio Buscemi, Carla Giordano
Favoring correct lifestyles is the most important measure to contrast cardiovascular diseases and the epidemic of high cardiovascular risk conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Lifestyle is a broad expression that includes diet, physical exercise, and psychological and socio-economic factors, each of which must be taken into due consideration because of their intertwining influences, which may be a barrier to healthy changes at both the individual and population levels. While physical activity has probably received less attention in the last decades, it is likely the most important among the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215481/clinical-and-histopathological-characteristics-of-patients-with-prostate-cancer-in-the-biobank-japan-project
#10
Shigekazu Ukawa, Koshi Nakamura, Emiko Okada, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Nagai, Zentaro Yamagata, Kaori Muto, Koichi Matsuda, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yutaka Kiyohara, Yoichiro Kamatani, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Japan. We aimed to elucidate the clinical and histopathological characteristics of patients with prostate cancer in the BioBank Japan (BBJ) project. METHODS: Four thousand, seven hundred and ninety-three patients diagnosed with prostate cancer in the BBJ project were included. Clinical and histopathological data, including causes of death, were analyzed. Relative survival (RS) rates of prostate cancer were calculated...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215060/efficacy-of-aquatic-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#11
Iluminada Corvillo, Enrique Varela, Francisco Armijo, Antonio Alvarez-Badillo, Onica Armijo, Francisco Maraver
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, progressive, disabling autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Symptoms and signs of MS vary widely and patients may lose their ability to walk. To date the benefits of aquatic therapy often used for rehabilitation in MS patients have not been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current state of aquatic treatment for persons with MS (hydrotherapy, aquatic therapy, aquatic exercises, spa therapy) and to evaluate the scientific evidence supporting the benefits of this therapeutic option...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215059/motives-for-physical-exercise-participation-as-a-basis-for-the-development-of-patient-oriented-exercise-interventions-in-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Inga Krauss, Uwe Katzmarek, Monika A Rieger, Gorden Sudeck
BACKGROUND: Physical exercises are effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). There is consensus that exercise interventions should take into account the patient's preferences and needs in order to improve compliance to exercise regimes. One important personal factor is the patient's motivation for physical exercise. Health improvement is a relevant motive for exercise participation. Accordingly, exercise interventions primarily focus on health related needs such as strengthening and pain reduction...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214792/suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#13
Omar F AbouEzzeddine, Paul M McKie, Shannon M Dunlay, Susanna R Stevens, G Michael Felker, Barry A Borlaug, Horng H Chen, Russell P Tracy, Eugene Braunwald, Margaret M Redfield
BACKGROUND: Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) receptor is a biomarker that is elevated in certain systemic inflammatory diseases. Comorbidity-driven microvascular inflammation is postulated to play a key role in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) pathophysiology, but data on how sST2 relates to clinical characteristics or inflammatory conditions or biomarkers in HFpEF are limited. We sought to determine circulating levels and clinical correlates of sST2 in HFpEF...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214493/the-value-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-the-assessment-of-calf-muscle-function-in-venous-patients
#14
Spyros N Vasdekis, Ioannis Tzemailas, Constantine N Antonopoulos, Sotiria Mastoraki, George K Mantas, Andreas Lazaris
OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive technique with the potential to determine the degree of tissue oxygenation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the use of NIRS as a reliable method of detecting calf muscle pump dysfunction in groups of patients with venous disease. METHODS: Patients with superficial venous insufficiency (SVI) or history of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) were classified according to the comprehensive classification system for chronic venous disorders (clinical class, etiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology) and compared with controls (GROUP variable)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214153/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-atypical-clinical-presentation
#15
José Marçalo, Luiz Menezes Falcão
A 67-year-old man was admitted to our hospital after episodes of syncope preceded by malaise and diffuse neck and chest discomfort. No family history of cardiac disease was reported. Laboratory workup was within normal limits, including D-dimers, serum troponin I and arterial blood gases. The electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm with T-wave inversion in leads V1 to V3. Computed tomography angiography to investigate pulmonary embolism showed no abnormal findings. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) displayed massive enlargement of the right ventricle with intact interatrial septum and no pulmonary hypertension...
February 14, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213592/the-evidence-of-benefits-of-exercise-training-in-interstitial-lung-disease-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Leona M Dowman, Christine F McDonald, Catherine J Hill, Annemarie L Lee, Kathryn Barker, Claire Boote, Ian Glaspole, Nicole S L Goh, Anne M Southcott, Angela T Burge, Rebecca Gillies, Alicia Martin, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty exists regarding the clinical relevance of exercise training across the range of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). OBJECTIVE: To establish the impact of exercise training in patients with ILDs of differing aetiology and severity. METHODS: 142 participants with ILD (61 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), 22 asbestosis, 23 connective tissue disease-related ILD (CTD-ILD) and 36 with other aetiologies) were randomised to either 8 weeks of supervised exercise training or usual care...
February 17, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212155/molecular-markers-in-lung-cancer-role-of-ebus
#17
Semra Bilaçeroğlu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As demonstrated by the recent therapeutic advances in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a personalized approach can considerably reduce its mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Molecular tests identifying genetic mutations in NSCLC have led to a shift towards more effective and personalized therapies targeted to these alterations. Adequate tissue is required for diagnosing, subcharacterizing, and genotyping NSCLC by morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular techniques...
February 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210986/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-managing-type-2-diabetes-with-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-as-add-on-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Jerry Meece
: The prevalence and associated clinical burden of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing in the USA and other countries. As a consequence, the role of the pharmacist in managing T2D is expanding, and it is becoming increasingly important for pharmacists to have a complete understanding of the disease course and treatment options. Pharmacists have a key role in the use of injectable therapies, including incretin-based treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs). This article discusses the role of the pharmacist in the management of patients with T2D, particularly with respect to the use of GLP-1RAs to achieve glycemic control...
February 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210939/deep-phenotyping-of-systemic-arterial-hemodynamics-in-hfpef-part-1-physiologic-and-technical-considerations
#19
REVIEW
Julio A Chirinos
A better understanding of the pathophysiology of heart failure with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) is important. Detailed phenotyping of pulsatile hemodynamics has provided important insights into the pathophysiology of left ventricular remodeling and fibrosis, diastolic dysfunction, microvascular disease, and impaired oxygen delivery to peripheral skeletal muscle, all of which contribute to exercise intolerance, the cardinal feature of HFpEF. Furthermore, arterial pulsatile hemodynamic mechanisms likely contribute to the frequent presence of comorbidities, such as renal failure and dementia, in this population...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209728/evaluation-of-cell-therapy-on-exercise-performance-and-limb-perfusion-in-peripheral-artery-disease-the-cctrn-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-injected-with-aldh-bright-cells-pace-trial
#20
Emerson C Perin, Michael P Murphy, Keith L March, Roberto Bolli, John Loughran, Phillip C Yang, Nicholas J Leeper, Ronald L Dalman, Jason Q Alexander, Timothy D Henry, Jay H Traverse, Carl J Pepine, R David Anderson, Scott Berceli, James T Willerson, Raja Muthupillai, Amir A Gahremanpour, Ganesh Raveendran, Omaida C Velazquez, Joshua M Hare, Ivonne H Schulman, Vijaykumar S Kasi, William R Hiatt, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, João A Lima, Doris A Taylor, Micheline M Resende, Adrian P Gee, April G Durett, Jeannette Bloom, Sara Richman, Patricia G'Sell, Shari Williams, Fouzia Khan, Elsie G Ross, Michelle R Santoso, JoAnne Goldman, Dana Leach, Eileen Handberg, Benjamin Y C Cheong, Nichole A Piece, Darcy DiFede, Barb Bruhn-Ding, Emily Caldwell, Judy Bettencourt, Dejian Lai, Linda B Piller, Lara M Simpson, Michelle Cohen, Shelly L Sayre, Rachel W Vojvodic, Lem Moyé, Ray F Ebert, Robert D Simari, Alan T Hirsch
Background -Atherosclerotic peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 8-12% of Americans over 65 and is associated with a major decline in functional status, increased myocardial infarction and stroke rates, and increased risk of ischemic amputation. Current treatment strategies for claudication have limitations. PACE is an NHLBI-sponsored, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2, exploratory clinical trial designed to assess safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow-derived aldehyde dehydrogenase bright (ALDHbr) cells in PAD patients and to explore associated claudication physiologic mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Circulation
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