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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822530/application-of-exercise-ecg-stress-test-in-the-current-high-cost-modern-era-healthcare-system
#1
REVIEW
Gaurang Nandkishor Vaidya
Exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) tests boasts of being more widely available, less resource intensive, lower cost and absence of radiation. In the presence of a normal baseline ECG, an exercise ECG test is able to generate a reliable and reproducible result almost comparable to Technitium-99m sestamibi perfusion imaging. Exercise ECG changes when combined with other clinical parameters obtained during the test has the potential to allow effective redistribution of scarce resources by excluding low risk patients with significant accuracy...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822513/frequency-and-predictors-of-non-adherence-to-lifestyle-modifications-and-medications-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Muhammad Armughan Ali, Javeria Yasir, Rida Noor Sherwani, Marium Fareed, Fizza Arshad, Fareeha Abid, Ramsha Arshad, Safana Ismail, Sarim Ahmed Khan, UroojJamal Siddiqui, Marium Gul Muhammad, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to dietary recommendations, exercise and prescribed drug regimens, in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is a major health care issue worldwide. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and predictors of non-adherence to lifestyle changes and medication among CHD patients after undergoing CABG surgery. METHOD: The sample of this cross sectional descriptive study was 265 patients who underwent isolated primary CABG...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#3
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821473/feasibility-of-a-facebook-intervention-for-exercise-motivation-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-adherence-study-protocol
#4
Lee Anne Siegmund, Haitham M Ahmed, Michael Todd Crawford, James Frank Bena
BACKGROUND: While cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to be effective at improving coronary heart disease (CHD), participation is generally poor. Attempts to increase uptake and adherence often fail. Use of a Facebook intervention for this population may be a unique opportunity to support self-determined motivation and affect adherence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a Facebook intervention on motivation for exercise and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in patients with CHD during a 12-week, Phase II cardiac rehabilitation program...
August 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821335/symptoms-are-more-useful-than-echocardiography-in-patient-selection-for%C3%A2-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#5
Laura Donahoe, Rachel Vanderlaan, John Thenganatt, Karen McRae, Anastasia Bykova, Jakov Moric, John Granton, Marc de Perrot
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is still largely underdiagnosed in the general population. Although transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is recommended to screen for CTEPH, it may not detect patients with chronic thromboembolic disease (CTED) and mild or exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) who could also benefit from pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). METHODS: All patients referred to our CTEPH program with persistent mismatched perfusion defects on ventilation-perfusion (VQ) scan between January 2005 and June 2015 were divided into three groups according to TTE and right heart catheterization (RHC) as follows: (1) typical CTEPH group (PH on RHC and TTE), (2) TTE-negative (neg) CTEPH group (PH on RHC, but not TTE), or (3) CTED group (no PH on RHC and TTE)...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820846/noninvasive-assessment-of-skeletal-muscle-myosin-heavy-chain-expression-in-trained-and-untrained-men
#7
Andrew C Fry, Terry J Housh, Joel B Cramer, Joseph P Weir, Travis W Beck, Brian K Schilling, Jonathan D Miller, Justin X Nicoll
Fry, AC, Housh, TJ, Cramer, JB, Weir, JP, Beck, TW, Schilling, BK, Miller, JD, and Nicoll, JX. Noninvasive assessment of skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain expression in trained and untrained men. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2355-2362, 2017-Numerous conditions and types of physical activity (e.g., exercise, aging, and muscle-related diseases) can influence muscle fiber types and the proteins expressed. To date, muscle fibers can only be characterized by actually obtaining a tissue sample using the invasive muscle biopsy procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819899/significance-of-intravascular-ultrasound-and-exercise-stress-echocardiography-in-diagnosis-of-exercise-induced-vasospastic-angina-at-the-site-of-moderate-stenosis
#8
Makio Muraishi, Kentaro Shibayama, Masahiko Noguchi, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Kotaro Obunai
Recently, exercise-induced spastic coronary artery occlusion at the site of moderate stenosis, which Prinzmetal's angina or cardiac syndrome X does not cover, was reported. Multi-modality imaging is important for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease with a complex ischemic mechanism. However, the previous report did not include findings from intracoronary imaging at the site of moderate coronary stenosis. We report a case of exercise-induced vasospastic angina at the site of moderate stenosis, where multi-modality imaging, including exercise stress echocardiography and intravascular ultrasound, was utilized to make a definitive diagnosis and investigate underlying causes...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819305/cardiorespiratory-pathogenesis-of-sickle-cell-disease-in-a-mouse-model
#9
Jun Ren, Xiuqing Ding, Marie Trudel, John J Greer, Joanna E MacLean
The nature and development of cardiorespiratory impairments associated with sickle cell disease are poorly understood. Given that the mechanisms of these impairments cannot be addressed adequately in clinical studies, we characterized cardiorespiratory pathophysiology from birth to maturity in the sickle cell disease SAD mouse model. We identified two critical phases of respiratory dysfunction in SAD mice; the first prior to weaning and the second in adulthood. At postnatal day 3, 43% of SAD mice showed marked apneas, anemia, and pulmonary vascular congestion typical of acute chest syndrome; none of these mice survived to maturity...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818533/the-association-between-bouted-and-non-bouted-physical-activity-on-retinopathy-prevalence
#10
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific differential association between non-bouted, lifestyle physical activities (vs. structured exercise; i.e., bouted physical activity) on retinopathy prevalence among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify 1501 adults, between 40 and 85years. Bouted and non-bouted physical activities were assessed using objective accelerometer monitoring...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818336/association-between-premature-ventricular-complexes-during-exercise-long-term-occurrence-of-life-threatening-arrhythmia-and-mortality
#11
Jorge Aviles-Rosales, Hermes Ilarraza-Lomeli, Marianna Garcia-Saldivia, Jessica Rojano-Castillo, Maria-Dolores Rius-Suarez, Juan-Pablo Nunez-Urquiza, Pedro Iturralde
OBJECTIVE: Exercise-induced premature ventricular complexes (EiPVCs) are often considered as benign arrhythmias, nevertheless they are associated with a high risk of all-cause death in general healthy population. However, an intermediate pathophysiological process remains unclear, particularly in patients with known cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to find an association between EiPVCs, the occurrence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (LACO) and all-cause mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease...
August 14, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818261/contemporary-medical-therapies-of-atherosclerotic-carotid-artery-disease
#12
Suk F Cheng, Martin M Brown
Contemporary medical therapy consists of identification and treatment of all patient-modifiable vascular risk factors. Specific atherosclerotic disease therapies are designed to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and the disease progression in order to reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Contemporary medical management emphasizes the need to support the patient in achieving lifestyle modifications and to adjust medication to achieve individualized target values for specific quantifiable risk factors...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#13
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#14
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817703/quality-of-life-of-inguinal-hernia-patients-in-taiwan-the-application-of-the-hernia-specific-quality-of-life-assessment-instrument
#15
Chi-Cheng Huang, Feng-Chuan Tai, Tzung-Hsin Chou, Heng-Hui Lien, Jaan-Yeh Jeng, Thien-Fiew Ho, Ching-Shui Huang
BACKGROUND: With the development of prosthetic mesh and tension free techniques, the recurrence rate following inguinal hernia repair has been reduced, and hernia outcomes research should focus on post-operative quality of life and potential complications. STUDY DESIGN: A novel hernia quality of life assessment instrument, HERQL, was developed. The HERQL questionnaire comprises a 4-item summative pain score measuring pain and discomfort resulting from various strenuous activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817465/new-insights-into-the-recognition-classification-and-management-of-systemic-sclerosis-associated-pulmonary-hypertension
#16
Christopher J Mullin, Stephen C Mathai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc), and remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. We will review recent developments in the recognition, classification and treatment of pulmonary hypertension in SSc. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in screening for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and use of exercise haemodynamics may help to identify pulmonary vascular disease earlier in SSc. Recent studies have led to changes in recommendations for adjunct therapy and selection of pulmonary vasodilators for the treatment of SSc-associated PAH...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816579/application-of-the-distance-based-f-test-in-an-mgwas-investigating-beta-diversity-of-intestinal-microbiota-identifies-variants-in-slc9a8-nhe8-and-three-other-loci
#17
Malte C Rühlemann, Frauke Degenhardt, Louise B Thingholm, Jun Wang, Jurgita Skiecevičienė, Philipp Rausch, Johannes R Hov, Wolfgang Lieb, Tom H Karlsen, Matthias Laudes, John F Baines, Femke-Anouska Heinsen, Andre Franke
Factors shaping the human intestinal microbiota range from environmental influences, like smoking and exercise, over dietary patterns and disease to the host's genetic variation. Recently, we could show in a microbiome genome-wide association study (mGWAS) targeting genetic variation influencing the beta diversity of gut microbial communities, that approximately 10% of the overall gut microbiome variation can be explained by host genetics. Here, we report on the application of a new method for genotype-beta-diversity association testing, the distance-based F (DBF) test...
August 17, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816352/pulmonary-artery-wave-propagation-and-reservoir-function-in-conscious-man-impact-of-pulmonary-vascular-disease-respiration-and-dynamic-stress-tests
#18
Junjing Su, Charlotte Manisty, Ulf Simonsen, Luke S Howard, Kim H Parker, Alun D Hughes
Detailed hemodynamic analysis may provide novel insights into the pulmonary circulation. Therefore, wave intensity and reservoir-excess pressure analyses were applied in the pulmonary artery to characterise changes in wave propagation and reservoir function during spontaneous respiration and dynamic stress tests. Right heart catheterisation was performed using a pressure and Doppler flow sensor tipped guidewire to obtain simultaneous pressure and flow velocity measurements in the pulmonary artery in control subjects and patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) at rest...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815553/osteoporosis-in-erythropoietic-protoporphyria-patients
#19
M Biewenga, R H S Matawlie, E C H Friesema, H Koole-Lesuis, M Langeveld, J H P Wilson, J G Langendonk
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietic protoporphyria is a rare metabolic disease with painful photosensitivity due to protoporphyrin IX accumulation, resulting in lifelong light avoidance behaviour. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density and known osteoporosis risk factors in erythropoietic protoporphyria patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study all erythropoietic protoporphyria patients attending the Erasmus MC outpatient clinic that had undergone bone mineral density measurements were included...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815019/therapeutic-potential-of-systemic-brain-rejuvenation-strategies-for-neurodegenerative-disease
#20
REVIEW
Alana M Horowitz, Saul A Villeda
Neurodegenerative diseases are a devastating group of conditions that cause progressive loss of neuronal integrity, affecting cognitive and motor functioning in an ever-increasing number of older individuals. Attempts to slow neurodegenerative disease advancement have met with little success in the clinic; however, a new therapeutic approach may stem from classic interventions, such as caloric restriction, exercise, and parabiosis. For decades, researchers have reported that these systemic-level manipulations can promote major functional changes that extend organismal lifespan and healthspan...
2017: F1000Research
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