keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727671/phenotypes-and-characterization-of-copd-a-pulmonary-rehabilitation-perspective
#1
Jonathan Raskin, Ted Marks, Albert Miller
Phenotyping and the characterization of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently an active area of interest. The perspectives gleaned from evaluating COPD in the context of exercise lend new insights into this endeavor. Pulmonary rehabilitation centers are uniquely positioned to generate such clinical observations and have enhanced an understanding of the disease processes that are involved in COPD. This review and commentary discusses the various patterns of exercise intolerance and characterizes COPD from the perspectives of clinicians caring for persons with COPD...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724442/impact-of-obesity-on-the-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-axial-spondyloarthritis
#2
Raphael Micheroli, Monika Hebeisen, Lukas M Wildi, Pascale Exer, Giorgio Tamborrini, Jürg Bernhard, Burkhard Möller, Pascal Zufferey, Michael J Nissen, Almut Scherer, Adrian Ciurea
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the impact of obesity on the response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of different body mass index (BMI) categories on TNFi response in a large cohort of patients with axSpA. METHODS: Patients with axSpA within the Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) program were included in the current study if they fulfilled the Assessment in Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA, started a first TNFi after recruitment, and had available BMI data as well as a baseline and follow-up visit at 1 year (±6 months)...
July 19, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723517/practice-patterns-compared-with-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients-results-of-a-european-web-based-survey
#3
Renée Bultijnck, Cristian Surcel, Guillaume Ploussard, Alberto Briganti, Pieter De Visschere, Jurgen Fütterer, Pirus Ghadjar, Gianluca Giannarini, Hendrik Isbarn, Christophe Massard, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Massimo Valerio, Roderick van den Bergh, Piet Ost
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based recommendations are available for the management of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-induced side effects; however, there are no data on the implementation of the recommendations into daily practice patterns. OBJECTIVE: To compare practice patterns in the management of ADT-induced side effects with evidence-based strategies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A European Web-based survey was conducted from January 16, 2015, to June 24, 2015...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722361/-food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-a-stepwise-diagnosis
#4
Julien Gaillard, Amélie Borgeat-Kaeser, Guillaume Buss, François Spertini
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a potentially severe food allergy. Physical exercise, NSAID, alcohol, infectious diseases and estrogens are recognized cofactors, able to reduce the amount of allergen needed to achieve a threshold for the induction of anaphylaxis. Various kinds of causative food but only a few responsible proteins have been identified. The best known is wheat ω5-gliadine. An oral food challenge remains the gold standard to prove the diagnosis. Its clinical application remains difficult and includes an allergen challenge, a cofactor challenge and a third step which integrates both of them in a single test...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722106/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-exercise-role-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Persistent inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: The aim of this review was to provide the reader with an update of the mechanisms whereby exercise-induced cytokines may impact cardiometabolic diseases. RESULTS: Evidence exists that interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in pancreatic β-cell damage, whereas TNF-α is a key molecule in peripheral insulin resistance...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722077/invasive-haemodynamic-evaluation-of-the-pulmonary-circulation-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#6
Alberto Pagnamenta, Andrea Azzola, Maurice Beghetti, Frédéric Lador, On Behalf Of The Swiss Society Of Pulmonary Hypertension
The term pulmonary hypertension refers to a serious condition characterised by high pulmonary vascular pressure, mainly as a consequence of various cardiac and respiratory diseases. Current clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension considers five distinct groups. Transthoracic echocardiography represents the first and most important noninvasive screening tool for estimating the probability of pulmonary hypertension. The diagnostic approach to pulmonary hypertension is supported by a proposed algorithm, which identifies the underlying cause...
July 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#7
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721279/age-related-circadian-disorganization-caused-by-sympathetic-dysfunction-in-peripheral-clock-regulation
#8
Yu Tahara, Yuta Takatsu, Takuya Shiraishi, Yosuke Kikuchi, Mayu Yamazaki, Hiroaki Motohashi, Aya Muto, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Atsushi Haraguchi, Daisuke Kuriki, Takahiro J Nakamura, Shigenobu Shibata
The ability of the circadian clock to adapt to environmental changes is critical for maintaining homeostasis, preventing disease, and limiting the detrimental effects of aging. To date, little is known about age-related changes in the entrainment of peripheral clocks to external cues. We therefore evaluated the ability of the peripheral clocks of the kidney, liver, and submandibular gland to be entrained by external stimuli including light, food, stress, and exercise in young versus aged mice using in vivo bioluminescence monitoring...
2017: NPJ Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721176/from-one-to-the-other-responding-to-ebola-cases-on-either-side-of-the-line
#9
Rebecca Day Merrill, Sadie Elizabeth Ward, Marydale Cauble Oppert, Dana Allison Schneider
This case study is adapted from events that occurred along the Sierra Leone and Guinea land border during the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. The response activities involved Sierra Leone and Guinea officials, along with assistance from U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO). This case study builds upon an understanding of basic surveillance systems and outbreak response activities. Through this exercise, students will understand how to incorporate communication and coordination into surveillance and response efforts with counterparts across the border in neighbouring countries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721174/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#10
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Thomas Knue Nagbe
Public health officials depend on timely, complete, and accurate surveillance data for decision making. The quality of data generated from surveillance is highly dependent on external and internal factors which may either impede or enhance surveillance activities. One way of identifying challenges affecting the quality of data generated is to conduct a data quality audit. This case study, based on an audit conducted by residents of the Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program, was designed to be a classroom simulation of a data quality audit in a health facility...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721173/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#11
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Thomas Knue Nagbe
An essential component of a public health surveillance system is its ability to detect priority diseases which fall within the mandate of public health officials at all levels. Early detection, reporting and response to public health events help to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity on communities. Analysis of reliable surveillance data provides relevant information which can enable implementation of timely and appropriate public health interventions. To ensure that a resilient system is in place, the World Health Organization (WHO) has provided guidelines for detection, reporting and response to public health events in the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721169/investigating-an-outbreak-of-measles-in-margibi-county-liberia-october-2015
#12
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Thomas Knue Nagbe
The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases highlights the need to have well-trained field epidemiologists who will be at the forefront in the fight against these diseases, especially during an outbreak. Training for outbreak investigation is most effective when participants can develop their competencies in a practical exercise. To that end, this case study was based on a measles outbreak investigation conducted in Liberia during October 2015 by Liberia Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) residents, simulating steps to perform outbreak investigation in a real-life situation as a field epidemiologist...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721124/association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-hemorrhage-and-inflammatory-airway-disease-in-polo-ponies
#13
Katia Moreira da Silva, Juliana Nabuco Pereira Otaka, Carlos Alexandre Paula Gonçalves, Estevão Grossi Aguiar Silva, Nayro Xavier de Alencar, Daniel Augusto Barroso Lessa
The respiratory system is essential for health and high athletic performance in horses. Respiratory diseases have been recognized as having a major impact on training equine animals and are commonly cited as the second most common cause of wasted training time. Inflammatory airway disease (IAD) is an important cause of poor performance in young racehorses. Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) is considered a major issue for the equine industry because of its high prevalence and association with reduced athletic performance...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720541/biological-sources-of-variation-of-serum-adiponectin-among-healthy-individuals-in-comparison-with-related-nutritional-and-inflammatory-markers
#14
Yoshihisa Shimizu, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Katsuyuki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Serum adiponectin (AN) is a nutritional and inflammatory marker of various diseases. Its biological sources of variation (SVs) have been widely evaluated in, but its relationships with other related markers remain to be studied comprehensibly by use of multivariate analyses including factor analysis. METHODS: Serum specimens from 752 well-defined healthy subjects (295 males; 457 females) obtained from Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Vietnam were tested for total AN (tAN) and high-molecular-weight AN (hmAN) together with 71 major analytes...
July 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720119/calcified-amorphous-tumor-of-the-heart-with-mitral-annular-calcification-a-case-report
#15
Ryo Nakamaru, Hiroki Oe, Katsuomi Iwakura, Takafumi Masai, Kenshi Fujii
BACKGROUND: Calcified amorphous tumor of the heart is a rare, non-neoplastic cardiac mass characterized by nodular calcium in the background of amorphous degenerating fibrinous material. Clinical diagnosis of calcified amorphous tumor can be difficult, and current single imaging techniques do not specifically differentiate calcified amorphous tumor from other cardiac tumors such as calcified atrial myxoma, calcified thrombi, or vegetation. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice for both symptom improvement and prevention of embolization, as well as for pathological diagnosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719865/antioxidant-effect-of-exercise-exploring-the-role-of-the-mitochondrial-complex-i-superassembly
#16
J R Huertas, S Al Fazazi, A Hidalgo-Gutierrez, L C López, R A Casuso
Mitochondrial respiratory complexes become assembled into supercomplexes (SC) under physiological conditions. One of the functional roles of these entities is the limitation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by complex I (CI) of the respiratory chain. We sought to determine whether the systemic antioxidant effect of exercise is mediated by the assembly of mitochondrial CIs into SCs in rats. Male Wistar rats were exercise trained or remained sedentary for ten weeks; then, blood samples were collected, and the gastrocnemius muscle was isolated...
July 11, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719753/exercise-prescriptions-for-training-and-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-heart-and-lung-disease
#17
Pietro Palermo, Ugo Corrà
Rehabilitation in patients with advanced cardiac and pulmonary disease has been shown to increase survival and improve quality of life among many other benefits. Exercise training is the fundamental ingredient in these rehabilitation programs. However, determining the amount of exercise is not straightforward or uniform. Most rehabilitation and training program fix the time of exercise and set the exercise intensity to the goals of the rehabilitation program and the exercise-related hurdles of the individual...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719492/fifty-men-3510-marathons-cardiac-risk-factors-and-coronary-artery-calcium-scores
#18
William O Roberts, Robert S Schwartz, Ross F Garberich, Samantha Carlson, Thomas Knickelbine, Jonathan G Schwartz, Gretchen Peichel, John R Lesser, Kelly Wickstrom, Kevin M Harris
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Many male marathon runners have elevated coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores despite high physical activity. We examined the association between CAC scores, cardiovascular risk factors, and lifestyle habits in long term marathoners. METHODS: We recruited men who had run ≥1 marathon annually for 25 consecutive years. CAC was assessed using coronary computed tomography angiography. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CAD) risk factors were measured with a 12-lead ECG, serum lipid panel, height, weight, resting blood pressure and heart rate, and a risk factor questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718891/mk-reduces-inhaled-chlorine-triggered-ahr-and-airway-inflammation-in-the-mouse
#19
Yoichiro Hamamoto, Satoshi Ano, Benoit Allard, Michael O'Sullivan, Toby K McGovern, James G Martin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are pro-inflammatory lipid mediators that exacerbate disease state in several asthma phenotypes including asthma induced by allergen, virus and exercise. However, the role of CysLTs in irritant-induced airway disease is not well characterized. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of montelukast (MK), a CysLT1R antagonist, on parameters of irritant-induced asthma (IIA) induced by inhalation of chlorine (Cl2 ) in the mouse...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718320/oral-prednisolone-for-4-days-does-not-increase-exercise-tolerance-in-men-with-copd
#20
S L Karlsson, V Backer, Nina Skavlan Godtfredsen
One of the primary objectives in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is preventing decrease in lung function and reducing the annual number of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). An oral course of systemic corticosteroids is a commonly used treatment in AECOPD. We hypothesize that this treatment also increases exercise performance and decreases muscle fatigue. In a randomized double-blinded, parallel, placebo-controlled trial, we investigated 14 men (8 on prednisolone 37.5 mg vs. 6 on placebo) with severe and very severe COPD...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
keyword
keyword
60869
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"