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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466073/the-effects-of-hip-mobilizations-on-patient-outcomes-a-critically-appraised-topic
#1
Erica S Albertin, Emilie N Miley, James May, Russell T Baker, Don Reordan
Clinical Scenario: Hip osteoarthritis currently affects up to 28% percent of the population, and the number of affected Americans is expected to rise as the American population increases and ages.1,2 Limited hip range of motion (ROM) has been identified as a predisposing factor to hip osteoarthritis and limited patient function.3,4 Clinicians often apply therapy techniques, such as stretching and strengthening exercises, to improve hip ROM.5 Although traditional therapy has been recommended to improve hip ROM, the efficiency of the treatments within the literature are questionable due to lack of high quality studies...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464336/current-concepts-in-joint-pain-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
REVIEW
K Mills, M Hübscher, H O'Leary, N Moloney
Joint pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA) is complex and influenced by a myriad of factors beyond local joint pathology. Current practice continues to predominantly adopt a biomedical approach to OA despite emerging evidence of the importance of a more holistic approach. This paper will summarise evidence for the presence of multidimensional pain profiles in knee joint pain and the presence of subgroups characterized by systemic features such as psychological distress, high comorbidity load or sensitisation of the nervous system...
February 20, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461159/evaluation-of-tramadol-for-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-in-geriatric-cats
#3
Alonso G P Guedes, Julie M Meadows, Bruno H Pypendop, Eric G Johnson
OBJECTIVE To evaluate tramadol for treatment of signs of pain and impaired mobility in geriatric cats with osteoarthritis. DESIGN Randomized controlled crossover trial. ANIMALS 24 client-owned geriatric (≥ 10 years old) cats with osteoarthritis. PROCEDURES Otherwise healthy cats with owner-identified mobility impairment and clinical and radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis involving at least 1 appendicular joint were enrolled in the study. Cats were treated with tramadol orally at dosages of 0 (placebo), 1, 2, and 4 mg/kg (0, 0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455504/-clinical-effects-of-rehabilitation-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-based-on-the-theory-of-treating-muscle-for-bone
#4
An Yan, Kuan Zhang, Wei-Kai Qin, Jiang-Zhou Guo, Ling-Hui Li, Ming Chen, Shang-Quan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy and safety of voluntary rehabilitation exercise in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, based on the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "treating muscle for bone". METHODS: Ninety participants with early knee osteoarthritis were randomly divided into experimental group ( n =45) and control group ( n =45). Patients in experimental group were treated with voluntary rehabilitation exercise combined with isometric extension of quadriceps femoris...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455165/community-deliverable-exercise-and-anxiety-in-adults-with-arthritis-and-other-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#5
George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley, Leigh F Callahan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Given conflicting findings, the purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the effects of exercise (aerobic, strength training or both) on anxiety in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases (AORD). METHODS: Randomised controlled exercise intervention trials ≥4weeks in adults ≥18 years of age with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or fibromyalgia were included. Studies were located by searching eight electronic databases, cross-referencing and expert review...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444664/the-knitting-community-based-trial-for-older-women-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hands-design-and-rationale-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Paulette Guitard, Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Nicole Paquet, Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Sibel Z Aydin, Guillaume Léonard, Gino De Angelis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) has been reported to be higher amongst women over 50 years old (66%) compared to men of the same age (34%). Although exercise therapy has been shown effective in reducing symptoms and disability associated with HOA, adherence to treatment programs remains low. The primary objective of this RCT is to examine the effectiveness of a 12-week knitting program for morning stiffness (primary outcome) and pain relief (secondary outcome) 2 h post-wakening in females (aged 50 to 85 years old) with mild to moderate hand osteoarthritis (HOA)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427725/knee-extensor-strength-gains-mediate-symptom-improvement-in-knee-osteoarthritis-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Michelle Hall, Rana S Hinman, Tim V Wrigley, Jessica Kasza, Boon-Whatt Lim, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an increase in knee extensor strength mediates the effect of a 12-week knee extensor strength training program on pain and physical function improvement in people with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of a 12-week knee extensor strengthening exercise program to a control group with no intervention. METHODS: Data from participants with complete data (n=97) enrolled in a previous clinical trial were analysed...
February 7, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417831/effectiveness-of-aquatic-exercises-compared-to-patient-education-on-health-status-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Marcelo Taglietti, Ligia Maria Facci, Celita Salmaso Trelha, Fernanda Cristiane de Melo, Daniela Wosiack da Silva, Geovane Sawczuk, Thamires Marques Ruivo, Thaisley Barbosa de Souza, Chiarella Sforza, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercises with patient-education in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Aquatic Physiotherapy Centre and Primary Health Care Unit. SUBJECTS: A total of 60 patients, aged 68.3 (SD = 4.8) with clinical symptoms and radiographic grading (Kellgren-Lawrence 1-4) of knee osteoarthritis were included...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411078/multivariate-analysis-of-factors-related-to-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-based-on-the-comparison-between-football-players-and-matched-nonsportsmen
#10
Hongzhi Lv, Wei Chen, Peizhi Yuwen, Na Yang, Xiaoli Yan, Yingze Zhang
PURPOSE: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common joint pathology worldwide and a major cause of later disability. It is unknown if the bone mass density (BMD) is correlated with KOA. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of radiographic KOA among retired professional football players by comparing with matched nonsportsmen, and assess the correlation between BMD and KOA. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed on a group of retired professional football players without history of knee injury...
February 6, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410577/non-surgical-improvement-of-cervical-lordosis-is-possible-in-advanced-spinal-osteoarthritis-a-cbp%C3%A2-case-report
#11
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the non-surgical improvement in cervical kyphosis in a patient with history of cervical spine trauma and advanced osteoarthritis. [Subject and Methods] A 38 year old male presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain that was not substantially relieved by recent previous traditional physiotherapy and chiropractic manipulation. The cervical radiograph demonstrated a cervical hypolordosis of 5° as measured by the Harrison posterior tangent method from C2-C7. There was a 15° kyphosis at C4-C6 with advanced degenerative changes consistent with previous spine trauma...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407226/dose-response-effects-of-tai-chi-and-physical-therapy-exercise-interventions-in-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, Maura D Iversen, Sima A Desai, Hans E Knopp, Chenchen Wang
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic exercise is a currently recommended non-pharmacological treatment for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The optimal treatment dose (frequency or duration) has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To examine dose-response relationships, minimal effective dose, and baseline factors associated with the timing of response from two exercise interventions in KOA. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a single-blind, randomized trial comparing 12-week Tai Chi and Physical Therapy exercise programs (Trial Registry #NCT01258985)...
January 30, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402405/sirt7-is-an-important-regulator-of-cartilage-homeostasis-and-osteoarthritis-development
#13
Wataru Korogi, Tatsuya Yoshizawa, Md Fazlul Karim, Hironori Tanoue, Masaki Yugami, Shihab U Sobuz, Eiichi Hinoi, Yoshifumi Sato, Yuichi Oike, Hiroshi Mizuta, Kazuya Yamagata
Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are NAD+-dependent deacetylase/deacylases that regulate a wide variety of biological functions. Although the roles of sirtuins in cartilage homeostasis and cartilage diseases have been well studied, there is no information on the contribution of SIRT7 to cartilage homeostasis and osteoarthritis (OA) pathologies. Here, we demonstrate that Sirt7 knockout mice are resistant to the development of aging-associated OA and forced exercise-induced OA. Attenuation of Sirt7 in the murine chondrogenic cell line ATDC5 increased the deposition of a glycosaminoglycan-rich extracellular matrix and the mRNA expression of extracellular matrix components such as Col2a1 and Acan...
February 2, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398910/integrating-participatory-ergonomic-management-in-non-weight-bearing-exercise-and-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-self-care-and-functional-ability-in-aged-farmers-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Kanokwan Hounsri, Chanon Kongkamol, Pornnit Wattanapisitkul, Napaporn Tangadulrat, Tippawan Kaewmanee, Varah Yuenyongviwat
Background: Ergonomic hazards are the most important cause of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in aged para rubber farmers. Ergonomic management comprising improvement of working conditions and muscle-strengthening exercise has been well documented in terms of workers' health benefit. However, those interventions were not adequate to sustain the advantage. Few studies have demonstrated the effect of integrating participatory ergonomic management (PEM) in non-weight-bearing exercise (NWE) and progressive resistance exercise (PRE), and none has focused on aged para rubber farmers with knee OA...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391277/pain-and-functional-trajectories-in-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-over-up-to-12-weeks-of-exercise-exposure
#15
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Xingyi Han, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Raveendhara R Bannuru, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is the recommended treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, heterogeneous patterns in treatment response are poorly understood. Our purpose was to identify pain and functional trajectories from exercise interventions in knee OA, and to determine their association with baseline factors. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 171 participants (mean age 61 years; BMI 32kg/m2, 71% female; 57% white) with symptomatic knee OA from a randomized trial comparing 12-week Tai Chi and Physical Therapy...
January 29, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375253/evaluation-of-functional-characteristics-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Serkan Bakirhan, Ozgur Bozan, Bayram Unver, Vasfi Karatosun
Objective: This study evaluated the physical and functional characteristics of Turkish patients with knee osteoarthritis and how this disease affects their physical and functional status. Methods: This study included 320 patients, who were evaluated to assess body mass index (BMI) and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score in terms of age, sex and functional characteristics. Results: Mean patient age was 66.92±8.89 years and mean BMI was 31...
November 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373984/the-effect-of-targeted-exercise-on-knee-muscle-function-in-patients-with-persistent-hamstring-deficiency-following-acl-reconstruction-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Bo Bregenhof, Uffe Jørgensen, Per Aagaard, Nis Nissen, Mark W Creaby, Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Carsten Jensen, Trine Torfing, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, using hamstring auto-graft is a common surgical procedure, which often leads to persistent hamstring muscle-strength deficiency and reduced function. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate the effect of a combined, progressive, strength and neuromuscular exercise intervention on knee muscle strength, functional capacity and hamstring muscle-tendon morphology in ACL-reconstructed patients with persistent hamstring muscle-strength deficiency compared with controls...
January 26, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366340/effects-of-strength-exercise-on-the-knee-and-ankle-proprioception-of-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Zhangqi Lai, Yu Zhang, Seullee Lee, Lin Wang
This study aims to investigate the effects of 8-week strength exercise on knee and ankle proprioception of individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Forty participants were randomly divided into control and strength exercise groups. Strength exercise group underwent squat training of three times a week for 8 weeks, while control group received an education programme. Threshold for detection of passive movement of knee and ankle joint was tested using an electrically driven movable frame. Between- and within-group differences were evaluated through repeated-measurement analysis of variance...
January 24, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361920/detecting-functional-change-in-response-to-exercise-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-comparison-of-two-computerized-adaptive-tests
#19
Feng-Hang Chang, Alan M Jette, Mary D Slavin, Kristin Baker, Pengsheng Ni, Julie J Keysor
BACKGROUND: The intent of this study was to examine and compare the ability to detect change of two patient reported outcome (PRO) instruments that use a computerized adaptive test (CAT) approach to measurement. The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) Physical Function scale is a generic PRO, while the Osteoarthritis Computerized Adaptive Test (OA-CAT) is an osteoarthritis-specific PRO. METHODS: This descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted in a community setting, involving individuals from the greater Boston area...
January 23, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360592/trajectories-of-adherence-to-home-based-exercise-programs-among-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#20
Philippa J A Nicolson, Rana S Hinman, Jessica Kasza, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of different trajectories of self-reported adherence to home exercise programs among people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and to compare baseline characteristics across identified groups. DESIGN: Pooled analysis of data from three randomised controlled trials involving exercise interventions for people aged ≥50 years with clinical knee OA (n=341). Exercise adherence was self-reported on an 11-point numerical rating scale (NRS; 0=not at all-10=completely as instructed)...
January 19, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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