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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664955/efficacy-of-a-biomechanically-based-yoga-exercise-program-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Alexander B Kuntz, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Elora C Brenneman, Sarah Karampatos, Emily G Wiebenga, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#2
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664106/effect-of-therapeutic-exercise-on-knee-osteoarthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-hyaluronate-or-saline-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Michael Flyzik, Xian-Cong Ma, Howe Liu, Hui-Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of therapeutic exercise on knee osteoarthritis after injection of botulinum toxin type A, hyaluronate or saline. METHODS: Sixty participants with knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to 3 groups: injection of saline (control) (group A), botulinum toxin type A (group B), or hyaluronate (group C). All participants received therapeutic exercise. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaire score, visual analogue scale pain scale, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Health Survey were conducted at baseline, and at the end of the 4th and 8th weeks...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659687/obesity-interventions-for-older-adults-diet-as-a-determinant-of-physical-function
#4
Connie W Bales, Kathryn N Porter Starr
Throughout the world, a high prevalence of obesity in older populations has created a new phenotype of frailty: the obese, functionally frail older adult. The convergence of the obesity epidemic with global graying will undoubtedly increase the prevalence of this concern. Barriers to treatment include ambiguities about the appropriate level of obesity that should trigger an intervention, due to age-related physiologic changes and a lack of consensus on specific criteria and cutoffs. Moreover, obesity interventions for this population have been limited by concerns about negative effects on lean mass, bone mineral density, and even mortality...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644876/the-effects-of-well-rounded-exercise-program-on-systemic-biomarkers-related-to-cartilage-metabolism
#5
Masayuki Azukizawa, Hiromu Ito, Yosuke Hamamoto, Takayuki Fujii, Yugo Morita, Akinori Okahata, Takuya Tomizawa, Moritoshi Furu, Kohei Nishitani, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroyuki Yoshitomi, Toshiaki Nakatani, Tadao Tsuboyama, Masahide Hamaguchi, Shuichi Matsuda, Tadashi Yasuda
Nonsurgical treatment such as exercise is the preferred method for management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). A combination of aerobic, muscle strengthening, and flexibility exercises is recommended for older adults. However, effects of the exercise intervention on cartilage metabolism remain unclear. This study used biomarkers to investigate the effects of well-rounded exercise program on cartilage metabolism in 42 women (mean age: 59 years). Participants started a weekly supervised exercise program and continued for 12 weeks...
April 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643612/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-pain-coping-skills-training-for-osteoarthritis-knee-pain-management-a-systematic-review
#6
Ayah Ismail, Catherine Moore, Natasha Alshishani, Khalid Yaseen, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] To investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and pain coping skills training (PCST) on pain level in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee (KOA) in comparison with usual care. [Subjects and Methods] Five databases were systematically searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) according to the selected eligibility criteria (inception to June 7, 2016). PEDro scale was used to assess the validity of included studies. [Results] Four studies met the inclusion criteria and all studies had high methodological quality...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642931/bariatric-surgery-improves-knee-function-and-not-knee-pain-in-the-early-postoperative-period
#7
Amre Hamdi, Alia T Albaghdadi, Bayan Ghalimah, Abdullah Alnowiser, Anas Ahmad, Abdulmalik Altaf
BACKGROUND: Obesity remains the strongest predictor of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Studies have reported improvement in knee pain and function post-bariatric surgery secondary to weight loss and reduced mechanical loading, yet others found increased rates of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in that patient population. To address this controversy, our study aimed to further assess the effect of surgically induced, "rapid" weight loss on knee pain and function. METHODS: Obese patients with chronic knee pain, who were undergoing bariatric surgery, were enrolled and surveyed preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620639/the-role-of-leptin-in-osteoarthritis
#8
REVIEW
Moqi Yan, Junxin Zhang, Huilin Yang, Ye Sun
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) is not clear; leptin may be related to its pathogenesis. METHODS: We reviewed articles on leptin in OA, chondrocytes, and in vitro experiments. It is concluded that leptin may lead to OA via some signaling pathways. At the same time, the concentration of leptin in vitro experiments and OA/rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients was summarized. RESULTS: Leptin levels in serum and synovial fluid of OA/RA patients were higher than normal person...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619934/assessing-synovitis-with-conventional-static-and-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Robert Gc Riis
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most common causes of physical disability in the elderly population. With an increasing ageing and obese population, the prevalence of KOA is expected to rise substantially. The needs for a better understanding of the disease and tools that can predict the course of the disease, for example following treatment, are therefore imperative. 

Inflammation has over the last years been recognised as an important factor for both the symptomatology and disease course in KOA...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613876/aquatic-exercise-program-for-individuals-with-osteoarthritis-pain-stiffness-physical-function-self-efficacy
#10
Tülay Kars Fertelli, Mukadder Mollaoglu, Ozlem Sahin
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to determine the effects of an aquatic exercise program on pain, stiffness, physical function, and self-efficacy in individuals with osteoarthritis. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants in the experimental group participated in the aquatic exercise program three times a week for 8 weeks; participants in the control group did not. FINDINGS: The mean scores of the experimental group on the pain, stiffness, and difficulty in carrying out physical functions subscales of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index decreased significantly, whereas those of the control group decreased very little...
April 3, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610999/quantifying-the-effects-of-different-treadmill-training-speeds-and-durations-on-the-health-of-rat-knee-joints
#11
Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Kevin Rudi Boldt, James William Mather, Ruth Anne Seerattan, David Arthur Hart, Walter Herzog
BACKGROUND: Walking and running provide cyclical loading to the knee which is thought essential for joint health within a physiological window. However, exercising outside the physiological window, e.g. excessive cyclical loading, may produce loading conditions that could be detrimental to joint health and lead to injury and, ultimately, osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a stepwise increase in speed and duration of treadmill training on knee joint integrity and to identify the potential threshold for joint damage...
April 2, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603823/effects-of-nurse-led-lower-extremity-strength-training-on-knee-function-recovery-in-patients-who-underwent-total-knee-replacement
#12
Yu-Hua Lin, Su-Ying Lee, Wei-Ren Su, Chia-Chan Kao, Ta-Wei Tai, Tai-Been Chen
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of lower extremity muscle strength training (LEMST) on knee function recovery and QoL in patients who underwent total knee replacement (TKR). BACKGROUND: Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after surgery experience decreased knee function that impacts their quality of life (QoL). However, patients typically lack a long-term, home-based, and continuous leg exercise training method, and rarely have studies explored the effects of exercise training on knee function recovery and QoL...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594754/improvement-in-gait-pattern-after-knee-arthroplasty-followed-by-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-physiotherapy
#13
Joanna Jaczewska-Bogacka, Artur Stolarczyk
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of a physiotherapy program based on proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on kinematic gait pattern after total knee arthroplasty. This comparative study included two groups of patients qualified for total surgical knee joint replacement due to osteoarthritis: a study group and a control group, either consisting of 28 patients of a matched age range of 55-90 years. Following surgery, 4 days after standard postoperative rehabilitation, the study patients were subjected to a 3-week-long therapist-assisted rehabilitation based on PNF principles (10 sessions of 75 min each), whereas control patients were discharged with instructions on how to exercise in the home setting...
March 29, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588622/physical-activity-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Gustavo J Almeida, Samannaaz S Khoja, Sara R Piva
Background: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a common procedure to treat individuals with hip and knee osteoarthritis. While TJAs are successful in decreasing pain and improving quality of life, it is unclear whether individuals who undergo TJA become more physically active after surgery. It is possible that TJA, by itself, is not sufficient to affect the behavior of patients toward physical activity (PA) participation. To increase PA participation, individuals with TJA may need to be exposed to exercise/behavioral interventions specifically aimed to promote PA (ie, in addition to the surgery)...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575090/gait-mechanics-and-tibiofemoral-loading-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-randomized-control-trial
#15
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia J H Arundale, Melissa L Ziegler, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
The risk for post-traumatic osteoarthritis is elevated after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and may be especially high among individuals with aberrant walking mechanics, such as medial tibiofemoral joint underloading six months post-operatively. Rehabilitation training programs have been proposed as one strategy to address aberrant gait mechanics. We developed the anterior cruciate ligament specialized post-operative return-to-sports (ACL-SPORTS) randomized control trial to test the effect of 10 post-operative training sessions consisting of strength, agility, plyometric, and secondary prevention exercises (SAPP) or SAPP plus perturbation (SAPP + PERT) training on gait mechanics after ACLR...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572130/-i-was-really-sceptical-but-it-worked-really-well-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-perceptions-of-telephone-delivered-exercise-therapy-by-physiotherapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Belinda J Lawford, Clare Delany, Kim L Bennell, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: Physiotherapists typically prescribe exercise therapy for people with osteoarthritis (OA) via face-to-face consultations. This study aimed to explore peoples' perceptions of exercise therapy delivered by physiotherapists via telephone for their knee OA. DESIGN: A qualitative study (based on interpretivist methodology) embedded within a randomised controlled trial. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 20 people with knee OA who had received exercise advice and support from one of eight physiotherapists via telephone over six months...
March 20, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555896/talar-neck-fracture-with-dislocation-combined-with-bimalleolar-ankle-fracture-a-case-report
#17
Ahmad M Radaideh, Ziad A Audat, Abdullah A Saleh
BACKGROUND Fractures of the talus are uncommon injuries that usually involve the talar neck, rather than the talar body. This report is of a rare case of combined left talar neck fracture and adjacent joint dislocation with an ipsilateral bimalleolar ankle fracture. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old man presented with an injury to his left foot following a motor vehicle accident. When he presented to the hospital emergency department, his left foot and ankle were swollen, the overlying skin was intact but badly contused, and there was no neurovascular deficit...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555497/formal-physical-therapy-may-not-be-necessary-after-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Yale A Fillingham, Brian Darrith, Jess H Lonner, Chris Culvern, Meredith Crizer, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physical therapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). METHODS: Fifty-two patients were randomized to 6 weeks of outpatient PT or an unsupervised home exercise program after UKA. The primary outcome was change in range of motion at 6 weeks with secondary outcomes including total arc of motion, Knee Society Score, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Jr, Lower Extremity Functional Scale, and Veterans Rands-12 score...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550262/corrigendum-to-the-importance-of-dose-in-land-based-supervised-exercise-for-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-osteoarthritis-cartilage-25-2017-1563-1576
#19
T Moseng, H Dagfinrud, G Smedslund, N Østerås
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549150/what-interventions-can-improve-quality-of-life-or-psychosocial-factors-of-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-primary-outcomes-from-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Ronaldo Valdir Briani, Amanda Schenatto Ferreira, Marcella Ferraz Pazzinatto, Evangelos Pappas, Danilo De Oliveira Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence of primary outcomes from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of treatment strategies on quality of life (QoL) or psychosocial factors in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SPORTDiscus, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Web of Science were searched from inception to November 2017...
March 16, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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