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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624759/gps-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-regarding-exercise-for-chronic-knee-pain-a-questionnaire-survey
#1
Elizabeth Cottrell, Nadine E Foster, Mark Porcheret, Trishna Rathod, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate general practitioners' (GPs) attitudes, beliefs and behaviours regarding the use of exercise for patients with chronic knee pain (CKP) attributable to osteoarthritis. SETTING: Primary care GPs in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 5000 GPs, randomly selected from Binley's database, were mailed a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. OUTCOME MEASURES: GPs' attitudes and beliefs were investigated using attitude statements, and reported behaviours were identified using vignette-based questions...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624172/development-of-an-imaging-mitigation-strategy-for-patient-enrolment-in-the-tanezumab-nerve-growth-factor-inhibitor-ngf-ab-program-with-a-focus-on-eligibility-assessment
#2
Frank W Roemer, Colin G Miller, Christine R West, Mark T Brown, Sarah P Sherlock, Andrew J Kompel, Luis Diaz, Nicholas Galante, Michel D Crema, Ali Guermazi
OBJECTIVE: Nerve growth factor antibodies (NGF-ab) have shown promising analgesic efficacy. Aim was to describe reader training efforts and present reliability data focusing on radiographic eligibility in the tanezumab program. METHODS: A multi-step process was used for reader calibration and reliability testing. First, a reference standard set of cases was created and diagnostic performance was evaluated. A second exercise focused on agreement of ordinal assessment (Kellgren-Lawrence grading) of radiographic osteoarthritis...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620061/whole-body-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-inflammatory-arthritis-systematic-literature-review-and-first-steps-toward-standardization-and-an-omeract-scoring-system
#3
Mikkel Østergaard, Iris Eshed, Christian E Althoff, Rene P Poggenborg, Torsten Diekhoff, Simon Krabbe, Sabine Weckbach, Robert G W Lambert, Susanne J Pedersen, Walter P Maksymowych, Charles G Peterfy, Jane Freeston, Paul Bird, Philip G Conaghan, Kay-Geert A Hermann
OBJECTIVE: Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) is a relatively new technique that can enable assessment of the overall inflammatory status of people with arthritis, but standards for image acquisition, definitions of key pathologies, and a quantification system are required. Our aim was to perform a systematic literature review (SLR) and to develop consensus definitions of key pathologies, anatomical locations for assessment, a set of MRI sequences and imaging planes for the different body regions, and a preliminary scoring system for WB-MRI in inflammatory arthritis...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609388/can-dance-based-aquatic-exercise-improve-functionality-in-obese-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Charrlotte Seib, Debra Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603349/neural-manual-vs-robotic-assisted-mobilization-to-improve-motion-and-reduce-pain-hypersensitivity-in-hand-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Kristin Valdes, Grace Imperio, Alberto Borboni, Raquel Cantero-Téllez, Silvia Galeri, Stefano Negrini
[Purpose] The aim of the present study is to detail the protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of neural manual vs. robotic assisted on pain in sensitivity as well as analyse the quantitative and qualitative movement of hand in subjects with hand osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-two patients, aged 50 to 90 years old of both genders, with a diagnosis of hand Osteoarthritis (OA), will be recruited. Two groups of 36 participants will receive an experimental intervention (neurodynamic mobilization intervention plus exercise) or a control intervention (robotic assisted passive mobilization plus exercise) for 12 sessions over 4 weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602934/biomechanical-factors-associate-with-pain-and-symptoms-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-reconstruction
#7
Aisia Azus, Hsiang-Ling Teng, Lauren Tufts, Daniel Wu, C Benjamin Ma, Richard B Souza, Xiaojuan Li
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated associations between patients reported outcome and gait in subjects with Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) injury and reconstruction over time. As there is an association between ACL rupture and the presence of osteoarthritis later in life a better understanding of these relationships will help elucidate how subjects' gait pattern may affect pain and symptoms, potentially leading to better treatment or preventing the development of knee OA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between gait characteristics and self-reported pain and symptoms prior to, 6-month, and one-year following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction...
June 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600365/effect-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-restriction-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-the-musculoskeletal-function-of-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-mixed-method-data-synthesis
#8
Asma S Alrushud, Alison B Rushton, Archontissa M Kanavaki, Carolyn A Greig
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical recommendation of exercise and diet for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), there are no systematic reviews synthesising the effectiveness of combining physical activity and dietary restriction interventions on the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of combined physical activity and dietary restriction programmes on body weight, body mass index (BMI) and the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594958/the-effects-of-different-frequency-treadmill-exercise-on-lipoxin-a4-and-articular-cartilage-degeneration-in-an-experimental-model-of-monosodium-iodoacetate-induced-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#9
Yue Yang, Yang Wang, Yawei Kong, Xiaoning Zhang, Lunhao Bai
The aim was to investigate the effects of different frequencies treadmill exercise with total exercise time being constancy on articular cartilage, lipoxin A4 (LXA4) and the NF-κB pathway in rat model of monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis (OA). Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10): controls (CG), knee OA model (OAG), OA + treadmill exercise once daily (OAE1), OA + treadmill exercise twice daily, rest interval between exercise>4h (OAE2) and OA + treadmill exercise three times daily, rest interval between exercise>4h (OAE3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591928/-does-sports-activity-influence-total-knee-arthroplasty-durability-analysis-with-a-follow-up-of-12-years
#10
Christina Valle, Michael Sperr, Christina Lemhöfer, Karla Elida Bartel, Marcus Schmitt-Sody
Background Total knee replacement is the only surgical option to treat painful degenerative osteoarthritis, restore knee function, improve quality of life, and enable patients to return to sports activity. With an aging population expecting an active life after retirement, patients' expectations of improvement after surgery are increasing as well. In view of the growing demand for higher performance, exercise and athletic activity, clinicians have been increasingly forced to question how much athletic activity a patient may resume after total knee replacement, and what types of athletic activity seem to be acceptable...
June 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591564/effect-of-a-model-consultation-informed-by-guidelines-on-recorded-quality-of-care-of-osteoarthritis-mosaics-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#11
K P Jordan, J J Edwards, M Porcheret, E L Healey, C Jinks, J Bedson, K Clarkson, E M Hay, K S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a model osteoarthritis (OA) consultation (MOAC) informed by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommendations compared with usual care on recorded quality of care of clinical OA in general practice. DESIGN: Two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire, or Staffordshire UK. PARTICIPANTS: General practitioners and nurses with patients consulting with clinical OA...
June 4, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582253/translating-comprehensive-conservative-care-for-chronic-knee-pain-into-a-digital-care-pathway-12-week-and-6-month-outcomes-for-the-hinge-health-program
#12
Peter Smittenaar, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Rose Kinsella, Simon Hunter, Gabriel Mecklenburg, Daniel Perez
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain (CKP) affects a large number of adults, many of whom do not receive best-practice care and are at high risk for unnecessary surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the Hinge Health 12-week digital care program (DCP) for CKP on knee pain and function, with secondary outcomes of surgery interest and satisfaction, at 12 weeks and 6 months after starting the program. METHODS: Individuals with CKP were recruited onto the 12-week program, comprising sensor-guided physical exercises, weekly education, activity tracking, and psychosocial support such as personal coaching and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
April 5, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580253/arthroscopic-patellar-lateral-facetectomy
#13
Marcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis is relatively prevalent, with the lateral facet of the patella being the most commonly affected portion. This pathology can be a result of a patellar maltracking syndrome, patella instability, or idiopathic degenerative changes. A thorough diagnostic work-up with a physical examination and imaging studies are mandatory for a proper diagnosis and to rule out other causes of patellofemoral knee pain. These patients are often treated nonoperatively with exercises for patella mobility, intra-articular injections, braces, patellar tracking, quadriceps balance and strength, and activity modification...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577705/nonoperative-options-for-management-of-articular-cartilage-disease
#14
REVIEW
Sourav K Poddar, Luke Widstrom
Nonoperative options for articular cartilage injury are pervasive but have not shown to be curative. Recommendations for low-impact exercise and weight loss provide benefit and are a foundation for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Judicious use of NSAIDs and acetaminophen can be appropriate for pain management. Topical NSAIDs may be a treatment option with fewer side effects than its oral counterpart. Additionally, viscosupplementation injections are useful for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis, whereas short-term pain relief is provided by intra-articular corticosteroid injections...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576270/conservative-management-of-hip-dysplasia
#15
REVIEW
Tisha A M Harper
Hip dysplasia (HD) is a common orthopedic condition seen in small animal patients that leads to osteoarthritis of the coxofemoral joint. The disease can be managed conservatively or surgically. The goals of surgical treatment in the immature patient are to either prevent the clinical signs of HD or to prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis. In mature patients surgery is used as a salvage procedure to treat debilitating osteoarthritis. Conservative management can be used in dogs with mild or intermittent clinical signs and includes nutritional management and weight control, exercise modification, physical rehabilitation, pain management and disease-modifying agents...
July 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575544/improving-adherence-to-exercise-do-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-and-physical-therapists-agree-on-the-behavioural-approaches-likely-to-succeed
#16
Philippa J A Nicolson, Rana S Hinman, Simon D French, Chris Lonsdale, Kim L Bennell
Objective To describe: (a) which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to promote adherence to exercise have been experienced by people with knee OA or used by physical therapists; and (b) patient and physical therapist-perceived effectiveness of a range of BCTs derived from behavioural theory. Methods Two versions of a custom-designed survey were administered in Australia and New Zealand, one completed by adults with symptomatic knee OA and the second by physical therapists who had treated people with knee OA in the past 6 months...
June 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567148/hip-abductor-strengthening-improves-physical-function-following-total-knee-replacement-one-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-pilot-study
#17
Karvannan Harikesavan, Raj D Chakravarty, Arun G Maiya, Sanjay P Hegde, Shivakumar Y Shivanna
BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) is the commonest surgical procedure for patients with severe pain and impaired physical function following end stage knee osteoarthritis. The hip abductors are well renowned in stabilization of the trunk and hip during walking, maintaining the lower limb position, and transferring the forces from the lower limbs to the pelvis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of hip abductor strengthening exercise on functional outcome using performance based outcome measures following total knee replacement...
2017: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566050/running-and-osteoarthritis-does-recreational-or-competitive-running-increase-the-risk
#18
(no author information available yet)
Exercise, like running, is good for overall health and, specifically, our hearts, lungs, muscles, bones, and brains. However, some people are concerned about the impact of running on longterm joint health. Does running lead to higher rates of arthritis in knees and hips? While many researchers find that running protects bone health, others are concerned that this exercise poses a high risk for age-related changes to hips and knees. A study published in the June 2017 issue of JOSPT suggests that the difference in these outcomes depends on the frequency and intensity of running...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560921/horse-riding-simulation-can-be-part-of-balance-training-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
(no author information available yet)
This study explores whether simulated horse-riding exercises can help older people with osteoarthritis of the knee.
May 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559752/clinical-validation-of-pain-management-manipulative-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis-with-the-squeeze-hold-technique-a-case-series
#20
Masaaki Nakajima
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to describe the short-term and long-term clinical effects of a manual technique for treating osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain. METHODS: This study measured of the immediate effect and long-term effect by using a case series of different groups of subjects. Knee OA and activity restriction in patients were evaluated by using the Kellgren-Lawrence (K/L) Grading Scale and the Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure (JKOM) index...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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