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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821197/regional-variability-in-percentage-of-breast-cancers-reported-as-positive-for-her2-in-california-implications-of-patient-demographics-on-laboratory-benchmarks
#1
Chieh-Yu Lin, Eugene E Carneal, Daphne Y Lichtensztajn, Scarlett L Gomez, Christina A Clarke, Kristin C Jensen, Allison W Kurian, Kimberly H Allison
Objectives: The expected regional variability in percent human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers is not currently clear. Methods: Data from the 2006 to 2011 California Cancer Registry were examined by county and health service area. The influence of demographic and pathologic features was used in a multivariable logistic regression model to compare expected with observed HER2-positive percentages by region. Results: There was significant geographic variation by California counties (11...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820664/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-consumption-of-cigarettes-illicit-drugs-and-alcohol
#2
Maryam Marzban, Maryam Hadji, Mahin Gholipour, Hamideh Rashidian, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Jafar Hasanzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Reza Ghiasvand, Abdolvahab Moradi, Hossein Khavari-Daneshvar, Elisabete Weiderpass, Farin Kamangar, Kazem Zendehdel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Socioeconomic Status (SES) is considered as one of the important factors associated with use of various drugs. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of SES on cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and passive exposure to opium and cigarette smoke. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, which is part of a multicenter case-control study, the research hypothesis was checked among controls who had referred to hospitals. Data were collected through a questionnaire and laboratory tests to determine the actual consumers of opium and other illicit drugs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#3
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819911/neighborhood-family-and-peer-factors-associated-with-early-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use
#4
Christopher Cambron, Rick Kosterman, Richard F Catalano, Katarina Guttmannova, J David Hawkins
There is broad agreement that neighborhood contexts are important for adolescent development, but there is less consensus about their association with adolescent smoking and alcohol use. Few studies have examined associations between neighborhood socioeconomic contexts and smoking and alcohol use while also accounting for differences in family and peer risk factors for substance use. Data drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project (N = 808), a gender-balanced (female = 49%), multiethnic, theory-driven longitudinal study originating in Seattle, WA, were used to estimate trajectories of smoking and alcohol use from 5th to 9th grade...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819630/examining-health-inequalities-in-latvia-a-decade-of-association-between-socioeconomic-position-and-perceived-health-status
#5
Anželika Berķe-Berga, Pavitra Paul, Hannu Valtonen
The relationship between socioeconomic position (SEP) and population health is contextual. This study identifies the determinants of SEP producing health inequalities in the Latvian population. We also estimate the proportional contribution of different socioeconomic strata- (SES-) related determinants in Latvian health inequalities and measure the changes in the relative contributions of such determinants over the period 2005-2015. Using the household survey data (2005-2015), we construct a principal component analysis based SES index...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#6
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819372/survival-changes-in-patients-with-synovial-sarcoma-1983-2012
#7
Shuncong Wang, Rongfeng Song, Tiantian Sun, Bingzong Hou, Guobin Hong, Saradhi Mallampati, Hongliu Sun, Xiuling Zhou, Cuiling Zhou, Hongyu Zhang, Zhibin Cheng, Jie Li, Haiqing Ma, Huanhuan Sun
Background: Synovial sarcoma (SyS) is a rare malignancy that typically invades the extremities and occurs predominantly in adolescents. Studies on incidence and survival in SyS that were based on a large population had not been reported yet. Methods: To evaluate changes in incidence and survival in SyS over three decades, we accessed data on SyS cases in each decade between 1983 and 2012 (1983-1992, 1993-2002, and 2003-2012) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. The survival difference between decades, age groups, sexes, race, pathologic types, sites, stages and socioeconomic status (SES) over three decades were accessed by comparing Kaplan-Meier curves...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819323/excessive-body-fat-linked-to-blunted-somatosensory-cortex-response-to-general-reward-in-adolescents
#8
J F Navas, A Barros-Loscertales, V Costumero-Ramos, J Verdejo-Román, R Vilar-López, A Verdejo-García
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The brain reward system is key to understanding adolescent obesity in the current obesogenic environment, rich in highly appetising stimuli, to which adolescents are particularly sensitive. We aimed to examine the association between body fat levels and brain reward system responsivity to general (monetary) rewards in male and female adolescents. METHOD: Sixty-eight adolescents (34 females; mean age [standard deviation]=16.56 [1.35]) were measured for body fat levels with bioelectric impedance, and underwent a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan during the Monetary Incentive Delay (MID) task...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819066/neuroplasticity-of-selective-attention-research-foundations-and-preliminary-evidence-for-a-gene-by-intervention-interaction
#9
Elif Isbell, Courtney Stevens, Eric Pakulak, Amanda Hampton Wray, Theodore A Bell, Helen J Neville
This article reviews the trajectory of our research program on selective attention, which has moved from basic research on the neural processes underlying selective attention to translational studies using selective attention as a neurobiological target for evidence-based interventions. We use this background to present a promising preliminary investigation of how genetic and experiential factors interact during development (i.e., gene × intervention interactions). Our findings provide evidence on how exposure to a family-based training can modify the associations between genotype (5-HTTLPR) and the neural mechanisms of selective attention in preschool children from lower socioeconomic status backgrounds...
August 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818961/an-analogy-between-socioeconomic-deprivation-level-and-loss-of-health-from-adverse-effects-of-medical-treatment-in-england
#10
Raimundas Lunevicius, Juanita A Haagsma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to show whether and how levels, trends and patterns obtained from estimates of premature deaths from adverse effects (AEs) of medical treatment depended on the deprivation level in England over the 24-year period, 1990-2013. We provide a report to inform decision-making strategies to reduce the burden of disease arising from AEs of medical treatment in the most deprived areas of the country. METHODS: Comparative analysis was driven by a single cause-of-injury category-AEs of medical treatment-from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study...
August 17, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818839/do-electronic-cigarettes-increase-cigarette-smoking-in-uk-adolescents-evidence-from-a-12-month-prospective-study
#11
Mark Conner, Sarah Grogan, Ruth Simms-Ellis, Keira Flett, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Lisa Cowap, Rebecca Lawton, Christopher J Armitage, David Meads, Carole Torgerson, Robert West, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional surveys, increasing numbers of adolescents report using both electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and cigarettes. This study assessed whether adolescent e-cigarette use was associated prospectively with initiation or escalation of cigarette use. METHODS: Data were from 2836 adolescents (aged 13-14 years at baseline) in 20 schools in England. At baseline, breath carbon monoxide levels, self-reported e-cigarette and cigarette use, sex, age, friends and family smoking, beliefs about cigarette use and percentage receiving free school meals (measure of socioeconomic status) were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818242/young-adult-risk-factors-for-cancer-obesity-inflammation-and-sociobehavioral-mechanisms
#12
Yang Claire Yang, Moira P Johnson, Kristen M Schorpp, Courtney E Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
INTRODUCTION: The paper assesses social disparities in the burdens of metabolic and inflammatory risks for cancer in the U.S. young adult population and examines psychosocial and behavioral mechanisms in such disparities. METHODS: Using data of 7,889 individuals aged 12-32 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health from 1994 to 2009, generalized linear models were used to assess the sex, race/ethnicity, and SES differences in the risks of obesity and inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818074/erratum-to-on-the-plausibility-of-socioeconomic-mortality-estimates-derived-from-linked-data-a-demographic-approach
#13
Mathias Lerch, Adrian Spoerri, Domantas Jasilionis, Francisco Viciana Fernandèz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817993/early-psychosis-in-central-vietnam-a-longitudinal-study-of-short-term-functional-outcomes-and-their-predictors
#14
Seiji Humphries, Robert King, Michael P Dunne, Cat Huu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have investigated the functional outcomes of individuals with recent-onset psychotic illness in low- and middle-income countries. AIMS: To investigate short-term functional remission and its predictors in a central Vietnamese sample. METHODS: A naturalistic 6-month prospective cohort study recruited 79 patients of public health facilities who had experienced a first episode of schizophrenia or related illness in the past 18 months...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#15
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817782/cost-effectiveness-of-a-patient-navigation-program-to-improve-cervical-cancer-screening
#16
Yan Li, Erin Carlson, Roberto Villarreal, Leah Meraz, José A Pagán
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a community-based patient navigation program to improve cervical cancer screening among Hispanic women 18 or older in San Antonio, Texas. STUDY DESIGN: We used a microsimulation model of cervical cancer to project the long-term cost-effectiveness of a community-based patient navigation program compared with current practice. METHODS: We used program data from 2012 to 2015 and published data from the existing literature as model input...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817686/use-of-phosphodiesterase-inhibitors-and-prevalence-of-self-reported-glaucoma-in-the-united-states
#17
Stephanie P Chen, Kuldev Singh, Shan C Lin
OBJECTIVE: While decreased ocular blood flow is thought to be a possible contributor to glaucoma pathogenesis, it is unclear what role systemic phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDEi) play. We performed a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population to investigate the relationship between the most commonly used PDEi, sildenafil and theophylline, and self-reported glaucoma. METHODS: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2008 cycles for this observational study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817176/the-intersection-of-class-origin-and-immigration-background-in-structuring-social-capital-the-role-of-transnational-ties
#18
Anton Andersson, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
The study investigates inequalities in access to social capital based on social class origin and immigration background and examines the role of transnational ties in explaining these differences. Social capital is measured with a position generator methodology that separates between national and transnational contacts in a sample of young adults in Sweden with three parental backgrounds: at least one parent born in Iran or Yugoslavia, or two Sweden-born parents. The results show that having socioeconomically advantaged parents is associated with higher levels of social capital...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816578/cost-analysis-of-telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression
#19
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López
Background Subacromial impingement syndrome poses a substantial socioeconomic burden, leading to significant consumption of healthcare. Health systems are calling for greater evidence of economic impacts of particular healthcare services. Telerehabilitation programmes have the potential to reduce costs and improve patient access as an alternative to traditional care. Cost analysis has been traditionally included in study protocols and results, although the reliability and research methodology have frequently been under debate...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816393/sperm-donation-perinatal-outcomes-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#20
Damian Adams, Renae Fernandez, Vivienne Moore, Kristyn Willson, Alice Rumbold, Sheryl de Lacey, Wendy Scheil, Michael Davies
AIM: To compare perinatal outcomes for neonates conceived with donated sperm with those for neonates conceived spontaneously in an Australian population cohort. METHODS: Perinatal outcomes for all births in South Australia for the period January 1986-December 2002 were linked with assisted reproductive treatment records to determine those conceived from donated sperm. Birth outcome measures were analyzed using Student's t-test and logistic regression using generalized estimating equations to determine statistical significance...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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