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Mauro Fisberg, Irina Kovalskys, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Pratt, Luis A Moreno Aznar, Viviana Guajardo, Regina Mara Fisberg, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli
Non-communicable diseases are growing at an alarming rate in Latin America. We assessed total and added sugar intake in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, to verify the adequacy of the World Health Organization's recommendations, considering gender, socioeconomic level (SEL) and age. A total of 9218 non-institutionalized individuals living in urban areas (age range 15-65 years) were assessed in the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
Blanca Ribot, Francisco Ruiz-Díez, Susana Abajo, Gemma March, Francesc Fargas, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of anaemia and the risk of haemoconcentration and its risk factors during all 3 trimesters of pregnancy in women in a Mediterranean area in the south of Europe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Longitudinal study of 11,259 women whose pregnancies were monitored at primary care centres between 2007 and 2012. The computerised clinical histories of all the pregnancies were used to collect haemoglobin (Hb) data for each trimester. The histories also provided information on the age of the mother, her socioeconomic status, the presence of obesity, tobacco use, type of pregnancy, and number of previous pregnancies and births...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alonso Hormazábal-Peralta, Javier Espinoza, Pablo Cáceres, Pablo A Lizana
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) has been shown to have multiple health and wellness benefits, but there is no such information for adolescents with high intellectual ability (HIA). Thus, the aim of this study is to assess body composition and PA in HIA Chilean adolescents. METHODS: Weight and body composition were measured by bioelectrical impedance in 73 adolescents (39 female) aged 14-18 years from the Valparaíso region of Chile. HIA was assessed via Raven's Progressive Matrices (> 75th percentile) and PA, via questionnaire...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
María Fabiana Pirán Arce, Laura Rosana Aballay, Jorge Leandro Leporati, Alicia Navarro, Myriam Forneris
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) causes intestinal damage, inability to absorb nutrients, and progressive malnutrition. Iron deficiency is one of the predominant nutritional problems. A strict gluten-free diet (GF) allows for an optimal quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional situation of iron in school-aged celiac children by determining biochemical parameters, their relation to the consumption of the mineral and adherence to gluten-free diets in San Luis...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Rebecca L Emery, Maria Tina Benno, Rachel H Salk, Rachel P Kolko, Michele D Levine
Limited research has examined the factors related to knowledge of gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations and the receipt of advice from healthcare providers regarding GWG recommendations among women with pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity. Women with pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (N = 191) reported the amount of gestational weight they believed they should gain and that healthcare providers advised them to gain. Only 24% (n = 46) of women had a correct knowledge of GWG recommendations. Women were less likely to have a correct knowledge of GWG recommendations if they had pre-pregnancy obesity, were of a minority race, or were socioeconomically disadvantaged...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Neng Wan, Mohammad Siahpush, Raees A Shaikh, Molly McCarthy, Athena Ramos, Antonia Correa
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) marketing expenditure is skyrocketing in the United States. However, little is understood about the geographic and socio-demographic patterns of e-cigarette advertising. We examined the associations between point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising and neighborhood socio-demographic characteristics in the Omaha Metropolitan Area of Nebraska. In 2014, fieldworkers collected comprehensive POS e-cigarette advertising data from all stores that sell tobacco (n = 463) in the Omaha Metropolitan Area...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
Catalina Herrera Almanza, David E Sahn
Female secondary school attendance has recently increased in sub-Saharan Africa, and so has the risk of becoming pregnant while attending school. We analyze the impact of teenage pregnancy on young women's human capital using longitudinal data in Madagascar that capture the transition from adolescence to adulthood for a cohort aged 21-24 in 2012, first interviewed in 2004. We find that early childbearing increases the likelihood of dropping out of school and decreases the chances of completing secondary school...
March 21, 2018: Demography
Yupeng Liu, Jianguo Wu, Deyong Yu, Ruifang Hao
China's rapid economic growth during the past three decades has resulted in a number of environmental problems, including the deterioration of air quality. It is necessary to better understand how the spatial pattern of air pollutants varies with time scales and what drive these changes. To address these questions, this study focused on one of the most heavily air-polluted areas in North China. We first quantified the spatial pattern of air pollution, and then systematically examined the relationships of air pollution to several socioeconomic and climatic factors using the constraint line method, correlation analysis, and stepwise regression on decadal, annual, and seasonal scales...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Management
S Blecha, H J Schlitt, B M Graf, M Leitzmann, T Bein
BACKGROUND: In critical illnesses low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. In addition to the SES, further factors at an individual level (e.g., sex, health insurance status and place of residence) may influence the severity of illness and medical treatment. We investigated these additional parameters in a secondary analysis of the ECSSTASI data. METHODS: Within the framework of the ECSSTASI study, 996 patients were recruited from a surgical intensive care unit...
March 21, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Gunjan Kumar, Josyula G Prasuna, Gaurav Seth
Background: The issue of menstrual hygiene is inadequately acknowledged in our nation. The use of sanitary pads and washing the genital area are essential practices for good menstrual hygiene. Poor menstrual hygiene may lead to itching or rashes in the perineal region, bad odor, and sometimes, major complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and toxic shock syndrome. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among reproductive age group women...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Rajeshwari Sinha, Sanghamitra Pati
The growing epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has impacted the national health systems, policies, and socioeconomic developments, thereby leading to increasing country level disparities. Despite substantial improvements in health indicators made in the past decade, the Indian health-care system continues to contribute disproportionately to the global disease burden, wherein NCDs holds significant prominence. Against this background, the present review analyzes the current NCD landscape from the perspective of India's health system preparedness toward meeting this growing challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Emmanuel Gabriel, Kristopher Attwood, Eisar Al-Sukhni, Deborah Erwin, Patrick Boland, Steven Nurkin
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in both demographic and pathologic factors associated with the age-related rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) and overall survival (OS). Methods: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB), 2004-2013, was queried for patients with CRC. Patients were stratified by age (≤50 vs. ≥60 years). Multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with OS. Results: A total of 670,030 patients were included; 488,121 with colon, and 181,909 with rectal or rectosigmoid cancer...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Otgontuya Dugee, Enkhtuya Palam, Bayarsaikhan Dorjsuren, Ajay Mahal
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) pose a formidable health and development challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, translating this challenge into resource allocation is seriously constrained by a lack of country specific evidence on NCD financing and its distributional implications. This study estimated expenditures associated with NCDs in Mongolia and their distributions across socioeconomic groups, focusing especially on private out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on the major NCDs...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Andrea Negro, Angela Koverech, Paolo Martelletti
Migraine is an important socioeconomic burden and is ranked the sixth cause of years of life lost because of disability in the general population and the third cause of years of life lost in people younger than 50 years. The cornerstone of pharmacological treatment is represented by the acute therapy. The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) receptor subtype 1B /1D agonists, called triptans, are nowadays the first-line acute therapy for patients who experience moderate-to-severe migraine attacks. Unfortunately, a high percentage of patients are not satisfied with this acute treatment, either for lack of response or side effects...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Hayden B Bosworth, Barbara Ngouyombo, Jan Liska, Leah L Zullig, Caroline Atlani, Anne C Beal
Lipid-lowering medications have been shown to be efficacious, but adherence is suboptimal. This is a narrative, perspective review of recently published literature in the field of medication adherence research for lipid-lowering medications. We provide an overview of the impact of suboptimal adherence and use a World Health Organization framework (patient, condition, therapy, socioeconomic, and health system-related systems) to discuss factors that influence hyperlipidemia treatment adherence. Further, the review involves an evaluation of intervention strategies to increase hyperlipidemia treatment adherence with a special focus on mHealth interventions, patient reminders on packaging labels, nurse- and pharmacist-led interventions, and health teams...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Abdullah Mousa Khamaiseh
Background: Head lice, a common social and health problem among all age groups, is especially widespread among school-aged children. Aims: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of pediculosis capitis among governmental primary school students in Southern Jordan and its related risk factors. Settings and Design: A sample of 500 primary schools students aged 6-12 from two male and two female public primary schools in four educational directorates were selected randomly in this cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Chintan Malhotra, Arun Kumar Jain, Nikhil Aggarwal
A 70-year-old patient who underwent uneventful primary implantation of Auro K Pro (a Type I Boston Keratoprosthesis-based device), developed infiltrates in the deep stroma of the carrier corneal graft and exudates on the optic stem of the keratoprosthesis assembly, 6 weeks postoperatively, which subsequently progressed to endophthalmitis. Vitreous tap was positive for a panfungal polymerase chain reaction, although corneal scrapings for both Gram stain and KOH wet mount yielded negative results. Aggressive management with systemic, topical, intravitreal, and intrastromal antifungal agents resulted in an initial resolution, but residual inflammatory vitreous membranes persisted...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Margot Jackson, Kathleen Kiernan, Sara McLanahan
Among the core dimensions of socioeconomic status, maternal education is the most strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and is a key predictor of other resources within the family that strongly predict children's well-being: economic insecurity, family structure, and maternal depression. Most studies examine these circumstances in isolation of one another and/or at particular points in time, precluding a comprehensive understanding of how the family environment evolves over time and contributes to educational disparities in children's skill development and learning...
November 2017: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Julie A Pasco, Kara L Holloway, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVES: Pretirees are a demographic interposed between the latter stages of working life and old age. We aimed to characterise subjective wellbeing and lifestyle behaviours for individuals aged in their late-fifties and sixties. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 233 men and 229 women aged 55-69 yr from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjective wellbeing assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF, Australia)...
April 2018: Maturitas
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