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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918439/the-gulf-oil-spill-miscarriage-and-infertility-the-growh-study
#1
Emily W Harville, Arti Shankar, Leah Zilversmit, Pierre Buekens
PURPOSE: To examine whether reported exposure to the Gulf oil spill (2010) was related to reproductive reported miscarriage or infertility. METHODS: 1524 women aged 18-45 recruited through prenatal and Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) clinics, and community events were interviewed about their experience of the oil spill and reproductive history. 1434 women had information on outcomes of at least one pregnancy, and 633 on a pregnancy both before and after the spill...
September 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918199/psychosocial-barriers-to-healthcare-use-among-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Andrea Paduch, Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sigrid Droste, Adrian Loerbroks, Monica Sørensen, Marina Maggini, Andrea Icks
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review regarding psychosocial barriers to healthcare use in individuals with diabetes mellitus, using a well-established model of health-service use as a theoretical framework. METHODS: We used database-specific controlled vocabularies and additional free text terms, and conducted searches via MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, OVID Journals. Included studies were rated according to the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria...
September 13, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917500/economic-evaluation-of-childhood-epilepsy-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-a-preliminary-survey
#3
Aliyu Ibrahim, Umar Isa Umar, Umar Musa Usman, Lukman Femi Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Considerable disease variability exists between patients with epilepsy, and the societal costs for epilepsy care are overall high, because of high frequency in the general population especially in children from developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study where children with established diagnosis of epilepsy were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Prevalence-based costs were stratified by patients' sociodemographic characteristics and socioeconomic scores (SES)...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917197/adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life-evidence-from-structural-equation-models
#4
Elizabeth C Pino, Karla Damus, Brian Jack, David Henderson, Snezana Milanovic, Bindu Kalesan
BACKGROUND: The complex association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms is not entirely understood and the existing literature does not address the relationship between early-life SES and later-life depression from a life-course perspective, incorporating mediating events. METHODS: Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we employed structural equation modeling to examine how SES measured at age 18 affects depressive symptoms at age 54 directly and through mediating variables college graduation, marriage, and household income level at age 36...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917167/virtual-water-trade-patterns-in-relation-to-environmental-and-socioeconomic-factors-a-case-study-for-tunisia
#5
Hatem Chouchane, Maarten S Krol, Arjen Y Hoekstra
Growing water demands put increasing pressure on local water resources, especially in water-short countries. Virtual water trade can play a key role in filling the gap between local demand and supply of water-intensive commodities. This study aims to analyse the dynamics in virtual water trade of Tunisia in relation to environmental and socio-economic factors such as GDP, irrigated land, precipitation, population and water scarcity. The water footprint of crop production is estimated using AquaCrop for six crops over the period 1981-2010...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916842/how-interindividual-differences-in-brain-anatomy-shape-reading-accuracy
#6
Arnaud Cachia, Margot Roell, Jean-François Mangin, Zhong Yi Sun, Antoinette Jobert, Lucia Braga, Olivier Houde, Stanislas Dehaene, Grégoire Borst
The capacity to read develops throughout intensive academic learning and training. Several studies have investigated the impact of reading on the brain, and particularly how the anatomy of the brain changes with reading acquisition. In the present study, we investigated the converse issue, namely whether and how reading acquisition is constrained by the anatomy of the brain. Using multimodal MRI, we found that (a) the pattern (continuous or interrupted sulcus) of the posterior part of the left lateral occipito-temporal sulcus (OTS) hosting the visual word form area (VWFA) predicts reading skills in adults; that (b) this effect is modulated by the age of reading acquisition; and that (c) the length of the OTS sulcal interruption is associated with reading skills...
September 15, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915850/-love-me-parents-impact-evaluation-of-a-national-social-and-behavioral-change-communication-campaign-on-maternal-health-outcomes-in-tanzania
#7
Michelle R Kaufman, Jennifer J Harman, Marina Smelyanskaya, Jennifer Orkis, Robert Ainslie
BACKGROUND: Despite marked improvements over the last few decades, maternal mortality in Tanzania remains among the world's highest at 454 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Many factors contribute to this disparity, such as a lack of attendance at antenatal care (ANC) services and low rates of delivery at a health facility with a skilled provider. The Wazazi Nipendeni (Love me, parents) social and behavioral change communication campaign was launched in Tanzania in 2012 to improve a range of maternal health outcomes, including individual birth planning, timely ANC attendance, and giving birth in a healthcare facility...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#8
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915773/does-motor-development-in-infancy-predict-spinal-pain-in-later-childhood-a-cohort-study
#9
Steven J Kamper, Christopher M Williams, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design Longitudinal cohort study. Background Spinal pain is responsible for a huge personal and societal burden but the aetiology remains unclear. Deficits in motor control have been implicated with spinal pain in adults, and delayed motor development is associated with a range of health problems and risks in children. Objectives To assess whether there is an independent relationship between the age at which infants first sit and walk without support, and spinal pain at age 11 years. Methods Data from the Danish National Birth Cohort were analysed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#10
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915546/emergent-contaminants-endocrine-disruptors-and-their-laccase-assisted-degradation-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Carlos Barrios-Estrada, Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis, Blanca Delia Muñoz-Gutiérrez, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Soundarapandian Kannan, Roberto Parra-Saldívar
Herein, an effort has been made to highlight the trends of the state-of-the-art of laccase-assisted degradation of emerging contaminants at large and endocrine disruptors in particular. Since first described in the 19th century, laccase has received particular interest for inter- and multidisciplinary investigations due to its uniqueness and remarkable biotechnological applicability. There has always been a paramount concern over the widespread occurrences of various pollutant types, around the globe. Therefore, pollution free processes are gaining ground all over the world...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915512/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-predictors-of-expressive-language-outcomes-among-late-talkers
#12
Evelyn L Fisher
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the literature on predictors of outcomes among late talkers using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. We sought to answer the question: What factors predict preschool-age expressive-language outcomes among late-talking toddlers? Method: We entered carefully selected search terms into the following electronic databases: Communication & Mass Media Complete, ERIC, Medline, PsycEXTRA, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, and PsycINFO...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915463/freshwater-vulnerability-under-high-end-climate-change-a-pan-european-assessment
#13
A G Koutroulis, L V Papadimitriou, M G Grillakis, I K Tsanis, K Wyser, R A Betts
As freshwater availability is crucial for securing a sustainable, lower‑carbon future, there is a critical connection between water management and climate policies. Under a rapidly changing climate, it is more important than ever to estimate the degree of future water security. This is a challenging task as it depends on many different variables: the degree of warming and its consequent effects on hydrological resources, the water demand by different sectors, and the possible ameliorations or deteriorations of the effects due to climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915303/prevalence-of-functional-dentition-in-a-group-of-mexican-adult-males
#14
Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, Gerardo Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of functional dentition and associated periodontal variables in a sample of Mexican adult males. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 161 policemen in Campeche, Mexico, was carried out. A clinical examination using an electronic probe was used to collect variables (dental plaque, periodontal pockets, gingival recession, suppuration, and bleeding on probing) on 6 periodontal sites (a maximum of 168 sites, excluding third molars)...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#15
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914968/neighborhood-characteristics-and-adolescent-suicidal-behavior-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#16
Kristina Allen, Sidra Goldman-Mellor
Research on the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and adolescents' risk of nonfatal suicidal behavior is scarce. We used California survey data to examine associations between measures of objective neighborhood quality (levels of violent crime, property crime, and socioeconomic disadvantage) and subjective neighborhood quality (perceptions of neighborhood safety and social cohesion) and adolescents' self-reported suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Objective measures of neighborhood quality were unrelated to adolescents' risk of suicidal behavior...
September 15, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914955/alcohol-related-mortality-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Rosa Parisi, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Kieran J Moriarty, C Elise Kleyn, Christopher E M Griffiths, Darren M Ashcroft
Importance: People diagnosed with psoriasis have an increased risk of premature mortality, but the underlying reasons for this mortality gap are unclear. Objective: To investigate whether patients with psoriasis have an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants: An incident cohort of patients with psoriasis aged 18 years and older was delineated for 1998 through 2014 using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and linked to Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
September 15, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914587/self-rated-health-and-social-capital-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-the-medim-population-based-study
#18
Louise Bennet, Martin Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Poor self-rated health is an estimator of quality of life and a predictor of mortality seldom studied in immigrant populations. This work aimed to study self-rated health in relation to social capital, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and comorbidity in immigrants from Iraq - one of the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today - and to compare it with the self-rated health of native Swedes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2012 among citizens of Malmö, Sweden, aged 30-65 years and born in Iraq or Sweden...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914325/night-work-long-work-weeks-and-risk-of-accidental-injuries-a-register-based-study
#19
Ann D Larsen, Harald Hannerz, Simone V Møller, Johnny Dyreborg, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) investigate the association between night work or long work weeks and the risk of accidental injuries and (ii) test if the association is affected by age, sex or socioeconomic status. Methods The study population was drawn from the Danish version of the European Labour Force Survey from 1999-2013. The current study was based on 150 438 participants (53% men and 47% women). Data on accidental injuries were obtained at individual level from national health registers...
September 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914208/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies-investigating-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-fracture-non-union-and-bone-defects
#20
Kieran Killington, Reza Mafi, Pouya Mafi, Wasim Khan
Fracture non-union is a significant problem with a wide demographic and massive socioeconomic elements, as well as the clinical difficulties it presents. Conventional treatments with autograft and allograft bone grafting pose serious difficulties, thus, it is necessary to develop novel techniques with our ever increasing knowledge of bioengineering using natural materials. Papers were searched from a variety of sources, not limited to English-language studies or only published papers. Papers had to meet the definition of fracture non-union or bone defect and had to be clinical trials, using human MSCs...
September 15, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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