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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836377/-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#1
L Sentilhes, M-V Sénat, P-Y Ancel, E Azria, G Benoist, J Blanc, G Brabant, F Bretelle, S Brun, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, A Evrard, G Kayem, E Maisonneuve, L Marcellin, S Marret, N Mottet, S Paysant, D Riethmuller, P Rozenberg, T Schmitz, H Torchin, B Langer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the measures to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (excluding preterm premature rupture of membranes)and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: In France, premature birth concerns 60,000 neonates every year (7.4 %), half of them are delivered after spontaneous onset of labor...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833477/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-renal-allotransplant-recipients-a-retrospective-chart-review
#2
S R Gopwani, M A Rosenblatt
CONTEXT: The efficacy of the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block appears to vary considerably, depending on the surgical procedure and block technique. AIMS: This study aims to add to the existing literature and provide a more clear understanding of the TAP blocks role as a postoperative analgesic technique, specifically in renal allotransplant recipients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted by querying the intraoperative electronic medical record system of a 1200-bed tertiary academic hospital over a 5 months period, and reviewing anesthetic techniques, as well as postoperative morphine equivalent consumption...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825433/advancement-of-mr-and-pet-mr-in-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Liza Lindenberg, Mark Ahlman, Baris Turkbey, Esther Mena, Peter Choyke
Multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI) imaging has assumed a larger role in the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. The current method of detecting prostate cancer relies on blind systematic biopsy, guided only by transrectal ultrasound that generally directs the needle biopsy to sextants of the prostate rather than specific lesions. MpMRI is playing an increasing role in the detection of primary cancer as it can visualize cancers and direct biopsies. However, even mpMRI is inherently nonspecific and numerous biopsies performed under MR guidance prove to be negative...
November 2016: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823720/impact-of-sleep-on-osteoporosis-sleep-quality-is-associated-with-bone-stiffness-index
#4
Nobuo Sasaki, Saeko Fujiwara, Hidehisa Yamashita, Ryoji Ozono, Kazushi Teramen, Yasuki Kihara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of sleep on osteoporosis. METHODS: The study used a baseline examination of the Hiroshima Sleep and Healthcare study, which was a cross-sectional and cohort study that addressed the association of sleep habits with lifestyle-related diseases. A total of 1032 participants (25-85 years of age) who underwent health examinations were included. Sleep habits, including its timing (bed time), quantity (time in bed [TIB]), and quality, were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787895/regional-nerve-blocks-improve-pain-and-functional-outcomes-in-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
R Sean Morrison, Eitan Dickman, Ula Hwang, Saadia Akhtar, Taja Ferguson, Jennifer Huang, Christina L Jeng, Bret P Nelson, Meg A Rosenblatt, Jeffrey H Silverstein, Reuben J Strayer, Toni M Torrillo, Knox H Todd
OBJECTIVES: To compared outcomes of regional nerve blocks with those of standard analgesics after hip fracture. DESIGN: Multisite randomized controlled trial from April 2009 to March 2013. SETTING: Three New York hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with hip fracture (N = 161). INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive an ultrasound-guided, single-injection, femoral nerve block administered by emergency physicians at emergency department (ED) admission followed by placement of a continuous fascia iliaca block by anesthesiologists within 24 hours (n = 79) or conventional analgesics (n = 82)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773304/fe-based-heterogeneous-catalysts-for-the-fischer-tropsch-reaction-sonochemical-synthesis-and-bench-scale-experimental-tests
#6
Alberto Comazzi, Carlo Pirola, Mariangela Longhi, Claudia L M Bianchi, Kenneth S Suslick
The sonochemical synthesis of nanostructured materials owes its origins to the extreme conditions created during acoustic cavitation, i.e., the formation of localized hot spots in the core of collapsing bubbles in a liquid irradiated with high intensity ultrasound (US). In particular, in the present work a sonochemical synthesis has been investigated for the production of three different iron-based samples supported on SiO2 and loaded with different metals and promoters (10 %wt of Fe; 30 %wt of Fe; 30 %wt of Fe, 2 %wt of K and 3...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709655/elevated-serum-homocysteine-level-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-erectile-dysfunction-a-prospective-pilot-case-control-study
#7
Z Zhang, Z Xu, Y Dai, Y Chen
Homocysteine is an amino acid that is produced from the metabolic demethylation of dietary methionine. It has gained arising attention for its association with increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and venous thromboembolism. Erectile dysfunction (ED), especially for vasculogenic ED, is a vascular disorder of cavernosal vascular bed. In this prospective pilot case-control study, we investigated plasma homocysteine levels in 32 ED patients and 20 healthy control men. Related patients characteristics including age, weight, height, marital status, smoking and drinking status, level of education were collected and analysed as well as penile colour Doppler ultrasound parameters...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693810/first-case-of-roll-technique-for-mesorectal-recurrence-excision
#8
Lina Garcia, Luis Tresierra, Marjorie Garcerant, Hipolito Duran, Benedetto Ielpo, Eduardo Diaz, Isabel Fabra, Riccardo Caruso, Luis Malavé, Ana Bello, Susana Prados, Susana Tabernero, Yolanda Quijano, Emilio Vicente
The radio-guided occult lesion localization (ROLL) technique has been in use since the mid-1990s, mainly in breast surgery. Today, ROLL is used for numerous oncologic pathologies, including parathyroid lesions, melanomas, and colorectal tumors. We report a patient with an 11-mm left mesorectal solitary recurrence of a primary ovarian cancer in whom the ROLL technique was used to identify the implant. A radioisotope was introduced through a 22-gauge needle with endoscopic ultrasound technique using an linear echo endoscope...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689451/delivery-of-bevacizumab-to-atheromatous-porcine-carotid-tissue-using-echogenic-liposomes
#9
J T Sutton, K J Haworth, S K Shanmukhappa, M R Moody, M E Klegerman, J K Griffin, D M Patton, D D McPherson, C K Holland
Ultrasound is both a valuable diagnostic tool and a promoter of beneficial tissue bioeffects for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Vascular effects can be mediated by mechanical oscillations of circulating microbubbles that may also encapsulate and shield therapeutic agents in the bloodstream. Here, the effect of color-Doppler ultrasound exposure on bevacizumab-loaded liposome delivery into the vascular bed was assessed in atheromatous porcine carotids. Bevacizumab, an anti-angiogenic antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A), was loaded into echogenic liposomes (BEV-ELIP) and confirmed to be immunoreactive...
November 2016: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685010/exercise-and-transversus-abdominis-muscle-atrophy-after-60-d-bed-rest
#10
Daniel L Belavý, Ulf Gast, Dieter Felsenberg
PURPOSE: To investigate atrophy in the deep abdominal muscles, spinal extensors and the impact of high-load resistive exercise with and without whole body vibration following 60d of strict bed-rest. METHODS: 24 subjects underwent 60-days of head-down tilt bed-rest and performed either resistive vibration exercise (RVE), resistive exercise only (RE) or no exercise control (2nd Berlin BedRest Study). The thickness of the transversus abdominis, internal oblique and erector spinae muscles and area of the multifidus muscle were measured bilaterally via real-time ultrasound...
September 28, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676673/ultrasound-guided-intermediate-site-greater-occipital-nerve-infiltration-a-technical-feasibility-study
#11
Jonathan Zipfel, Adrian Kastler, Laurent Tatu, Julien Behr, Rachid Kechidi, Bruno Kastler
BACKGROUND: Two studies recently reported that computed tomography (CT) guided infiltration of the greater occipital nerve at its intermediate site allows a high efficacy rate with long-lasting pain relief following procedure in occipital neuralgia and in various craniofacial pain syndromes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of ultrasound-guided intermediate site greater occipital nerve infiltration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649662/a-retrospective-analysis-of-1-011-percutaneous-liver-biopsies-performed-in-patients-with-liver-transplantation-or-liver-disease-ultrasonography-can-reduce-complications
#12
V Filingeri, S Francioso, D Sforza, F Santopaolo, F M Oddi, G Tisone
OBJECTIVE: In the last decades, liver biopsy was the reference procedure for the diagnosis and follow-up of liver disease. Aim of present retrospective analysis was to assess the prevalence of complications and risk factors after Percutaneous Liver Biopsy (PLB) performed for diagnosis and staging in patients with chronic liver disease and for monitoring the graft in liver transplanted patients PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 1.011 PLB performed with the Menghini technique between January 2004 and December 2014 at the Hepatology and Transplant Units of the University of Rome Tor Vergata...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591205/district-decision-making-for-health-in-low-income-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-uttar-pradesh-india-on-engaging-the-private-health-sector-in-sharing-health-related-data
#13
Meenakshi Gautham, Neil Spicer, Manish Subharwal, Sanjay Gupta, Aradhana Srivastava, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Bilal Iqbal Avan, Joanna Schellenberg
Health information systems are an important planning and monitoring tool for public health services, but may lack information from the private health sector. In this fourth article in a series on district decision-making for health, we assessed the extent of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH)-related data sharing between the private and public sectors in two districts of Uttar Pradesh, India; analysed barriers to data sharing; and identified key inputs required for data sharing. Between March 2013 and August 2014, we conducted 74 key informant interviews at national, state and district levels...
September 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560797/an-unusual-case-in-endocrinology-practice-suture-granuloma
#14
Guven Baris Cansu, B Bakar, T Bakar, B P Cengiz
OBJECTIVE: Suture granuloma, the rare complication of thyroidectomy, results from the use of nonabsorbable suture materials. Despite its typical ultrasound images and benign course, it carries utmost importance in the diff erential diagnosis of lymph nodes, recurrent nodules, and recurrence in the case of thyroid cancers. Subject and Results. Fifty four years old female patient, who underwent bilateral thyroidectomy in July 2010, was diagnosed with multinodular goiter and incidentally discovered micropapillary carcinoma (2 mm)...
July 2016: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552936/-management-of-blunt-renal-trauma-in-paediatric-patients
#15
L Brouwers, M Bemelman, W L M Kramer, F H W M van der Heijden
- In 90% of children, blunt abdominal trauma is the cause of renal, splenic or hepatic injury or an injury affecting a combination of these organs.- Because children's kidneys are anatomically less protected than those of adults, potential renal injury following direct trauma affecting the child's flank, for example by a handlebar or knee should be considered.- Symptoms of renal trauma include excoriations or haematoma on the flank, a 'seatbelt-sign', macroscopic haematuria and fractures of the ribs and vertebra...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462385/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-an-oral-anti-aging-skin-care-supplement-for-treating-photodamaged-skin
#16
Thomas J Stephens, Monya L Sigler, Peter D Hino, Anne Le Moigne, Lisa Dispensa
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an anti-aging skin care supplement on the appearance of photodamaged skin. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Following a one-month washout period, subjects received two anti-aging skin care formula tablets (total daily dose: marine complex 210mg, vitamin C 54mg, zinc 4mg) or placebo daily for 16 weeks. Subjects were restricted from products/procedures that may affect the condition/appearance of skin, including direct facial sun or tanning bed exposure...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419615/design-and-verification-of-a-shape-memory-polymer-peripheral-occlusion-device
#17
Todd L Landsman, Ruth L Bush, Alan Glowczwski, John Horn, Staci L Jessen, Ethan Ungchusri, Katelin Diguette, Harrison R Smith, Sayyeda M Hasan, Daniel Nash, Fred J Clubb, Duncan J Maitland
Shape memory polymer foams have been previously investigated for their safety and efficacy in treating a porcine aneurysm model. Their biocompatibility, rapid thrombus formation, and ability for endovascular catheter-based delivery to a variety of vascular beds makes these foams ideal candidates for use in numerous embolic applications, particularly within the peripheral vasculature. This study sought to investigate the material properties, safety, and efficacy of a shape memory polymer peripheral embolization device in vitro...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409724/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-mediastinal-staging-in-a-community-medical-center
#18
Whittney A Warren, Jared T Hagaman
RATIONALE: Endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration and positron emission tomography-computed tomography are valuable tools for lung cancer staging. Data from tertiary referral centers suggest these modalities are superior to mediastinoscopy in mediastinal staging. OBJECTIVE: Validate endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration for lung cancer staging in a community center with operators of varying experience. METHODS: At an 800-bed community hospital, we reviewed all cases where endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration and positron emission tomography-computed tomography were performed for mediastinal staging by one of seven private practice pulmonologists...
July 13, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396583/the-2016-academic-emergency-medicine-consensus-conference-shared-decision-making-in-the-emergency-department-development-of-a-policy-relevant-patient-centered-research-agenda-may-10-2016-new-orleans-la
#19
Corita R Grudzen, Jana R Anderson, Christopher R Carpenter, Erik P Hess
Shared decision making in emergency medicine has the potential to improve the quality, safety, and outcomes of emergency department (ED) patients. Given that the ED is the gateway to care for patients with a variety of illnesses and injuries and the safety net for patients otherwise unable to access care, shared decision making in the ED is relevant to numerous disciplines and the interests of the United States (U.S.) public. On May 10, 2016 the 16th annual Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM) consensus conference, "Shared Decision Making: Development of a Policy-Relevant Patient-Centered Research Agenda" was held in New Orleans, Louisiana...
December 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375060/does-the-new-low-frequency-ultrasonic-debridement-technology-pose-an-infection-control-risk-for-clinicians-patients-and-the-clinic-environment
#20
Lucia Michailidis, Despina Kotsanas, Elizabeth Orr, Georgia Coombes, Shan Bergin, Terry Haines, Cylie Williams
BACKGROUND: Low-frequency ultrasonic debridement (LFUD) is a technology that uses sound waves conducted through saline mist to debride wound tissue. Whilst this technology purportedly reduces wound-healing times, the airborne mist generated is potentially problematic. Theoretically, the saline mist could carry an increased number of microbes into the surrounding environment, posing an infection control risk to the patient, clinician, and clinical environment. This research aimed to establish the degree and extent to which there is microbial spread during the use of, and following the use of, LFUD...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
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