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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919613/non-invasively-measured-carotid-artery-intima-medial-thickness-may-be-a-more-useful-marker-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-diabetic-than-non-diabetic-patients
#1
C M Ahmed, M K Hasan, B C Goswami, S K Banerjee, M F Rahman, H H Samira, D F Osmani, M N Hasan
Carotid intima-medial thickness has long been proposed as a surrogate marker of atherosclerotic vascular disease in other vascular beds, most notably the coronary arteries with its practical implications. This observational study aimed at exploring the relationship of a hypothetical stronger relationship of carotid intima-medial thickness with coronary artery disease in diabetic patients than non-diabetic counterparts. Thirty diabetic patients and 74 non-diabetic patients who were referred for coronary angiogram in the Departments of Cardiology Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka Cantonment, Bangladesh from January, 2002 and December, 2003 were studied...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913554/reliability-of-size-and-echo-intensity-of-abdominal-skeletal-muscles-using-extended-field-of-view-ultrasound-imaging
#2
Noriko I Tanaka, Madoka Ogawa, Akito Yoshiko, Ryosuke Ando, Hiroshi Akima
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the reliability of extended field-of-view (EFOV) ultrasound imaging to evaluate the cross-sectional area (CSA) and echo intensity of abdominal skeletal muscles. METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy young males (age 18.6 ± 1.0 years, body mass index 20.9 ± 2.8 kg/m(2), waist circumference 75.0 ± 7.9 cm, body fat 16.6 ± 5.9%) visited the laboratory on 2 days. EFOV ultrasound images of the rectus abdominis, abdominal oblique, and erector spinae muscles were acquired at the height of the third lumbar vertebra with the subject lying on a bed...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868995/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-australian-icus-evaluating-modifiable-and-non-modifiable-risks-in-victorian-healthcare-facilities
#3
T Spelman, D V Pilcher, A C Cheng, A L Bull, M J Richards, L J Worth
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) result in poor clinical outcomes and increased costs. Although frequently regarded as preventable, infection risk may be influenced by non-modifiable factors. The objectives of this study were to evaluate organisational factors associated with CLABSI in Victorian ICUs to determine the nature and relative contribution of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Data captured by the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society regarding ICU-admitted patients and resources were linked to CLABSI surveillance data collated by the Victorian Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance System between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013...
September 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862977/healing-rate-of-chronic-and-subacute-lower-extremity-ulcers-treated-with-contact-ultrasound-followed-by-noncontact-ultrasound-therapy-the-vip-ultrasound-protocol
#4
Lisley Viana, Matthew Pompeo
BACKGROUND: Contact and noncontact ultrasounds are types of low-frequency ultrasonic treatments for wound care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to collect data in order to see if healing rates are accelerated when both forms of ultrasound therapies are utilized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Viana-Pompeo (VIP) Ultrasound Protocol consists of high-intensity, low-frequency, contact ultrasound therapy followed by low-intensity, low-frequency, noncontact ultrasound therapy...
August 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828529/clinical-management-of-nocturnal-enuresis
#5
Eberhard Kuwertz-Bröking, Alexander von Gontard
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common health problem. Approximately 10% of 7-year-old children wet the bed regularly during sleep. Enuresis can be categorized into monosymptomatic (MEN) and nonmonosymptomatic (NMEN) forms. MEN occurs without any other symptoms of bladder dysfunction. NMEN is associated with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract with or without daytime incontinence. The rate of comorbid gastrointestinal, behavioral, and emotional disorders is elevated depending upon the subtype of NE. A careful clinical history is fundamental to the evaluation of enuresis...
August 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772005/the-effects-of-antioxidants-on-ocular-blood-flow-in-patients-with-glaucoma
#6
Alon Harris, Josh Gross, Nicholas Moore, Thai Do, Amelia Huang, Willy Gama, Brent Siesky
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of an antioxidant dietary supplement that includes Ginkgo biloba, on retinal and retrobulbar blood flow in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: Forty-five patients with confirmed OAG were enroled in a randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Baseline and postadministration measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), retrobulbar blood flow, and retinal capillary blood flow were non-invasively measured (ultrasound and laser Doppler modalities, respectively) before and one month after antioxidant nutraceuticals and placebo administration...
August 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756901/respiratory-variation-in-femoral-vein-diameter-has-moderate-accuracy-as-a-marker-of-fluid-responsivity-in-mechanically-ventilated-septic-shock-patients
#7
Wagner Luis Nedel, Daniele Moraes Simas, Luiz Gustavo Marin, Vinicius Daudt Morais, Gilberto Friedman
Ultrasound (US) is considered the first step in evaluation of patients with shock; respiratory variation of the inferior vena cava (inferior vena cava collapsibility [IVCc]) is an important measurement in this scenario that can be impaired by patient condition or technical skills. The main objective of this study was to evaluate if respiratory variation of the femoral vein (femoral vein collapsibility [FVc]), which is easier to visualize, can adequately predict fluid responsiveness in septic shock patients...
July 27, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752731/cardiac-imaging-in-patients-with-dyspnea
#8
Pierfranco Dellavesa, Federico Nardi
Acute dyspnea is a frequent cause of access to the Discharge Department (DEA); Differentiation between cardiogenic and respiratory causes does not always seem simple and certain, causing a delay in initiating targeted therapies and prolonging the Patient's stay in the emergency department. The basic elements for the diagnosis remain the history and the objective examination, supplemented by the execution of an electrocardiogram, a determination of blood parameters and the execution of a chest X-ray. The limits of radiological semeiotics, related to a low sensitivity to high specificity, promote other methods available to the physician of First Aid...
July 27, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744057/the-effects-of-treatment-room-lighting-color-on-time-perception-and-emotion
#9
Seulki Han, Daehee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived treatment times and emotional reactions under different light colors in the treatment room. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects in this study were 20 healthy young students in their 20s. Under each lighting condition (blue, red, white, and yellow) differentiated by color, each subject laid on a therapeutic bed and underwent ultrasound therapy. Subjects were instructed to press a stopwatch every 1 minute, for a total of 5 times, after therapy started according to their perception of time while the stopwatch's time indicator was blocked...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661107/-when-ultrasound-meets-the-internist
#10
REVIEW
David Katz, Ziv Dadon, Todd Zalut, Evan Avraham Alpert
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is an important modality with many advantages. At the Shaare Zedek Medical Centre, we developed a case-based course to teach POCUS to internal medicine residents and attendings. The topics include: "Introduction to Point-of-Care Ultrasound", "Focused Assessment with Sonography of Trauma", "Basic Cardiac, Pulmonary and Vascular Ultrasound", "Rapid Ultrasound in Shock" and "Ultrasound Guided Central Lines". The use of POCUS should aid in rapid diagnosis, decrease complications associated with bed-side procedures, and ultimately improve patient care...
June 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650763/posttraumatic-retronychia-of-the-foot-with-clinical-and-ultrasound-correlation
#11
Mariana Pizarro, Nicolás Pieressa, Ximena Wortsman
Retronychia, the posterior embedding of the nail bed into the proximal nail fold, can be a complex clinical dermatologic diagnosis that may mimic other inflammatory ungual diseases or tumors of the nail. It has been related to a history of severe systemic conditions that secondarily affect the nail matrix and is commonly associated with onychomadesis. We present a case of retronychia of the foot with a purely traumatic origin, nonconcomitant with onychomadesis, that was diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasound in a long-time practitioner of martial arts who was otherwise healthy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646723/vacuum-assisted-complete-excision-of-solid-intraductal-intracystic-masses-and-complex-cysts-is-follow-up-necessary
#12
Vanessa Quinn-Laurin, Jean-Charles Hogue, Sylvie Pinault, Nathalie Duchesne
INTRODUCTION: Management of complex cysts and benign intraductal/intracystic masses is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine if the complete removal of the complex cyst lesions with ultrasound-guided vacuum-assisted excision (US-VAE) is sufficient for their safe management when the histological diagnosis obtained at biopsy is benign. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a single institution retrospective study performed on patients who underwent breast biopsy between April 2007 and September 2013...
June 21, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645964/the-predictive-value-of-serial-changes-in-diaphragm-function-during-the-spontaneous-breathing-trial-for-weaning-outcome-a-study-protocol
#13
Pengmin Zhou, Zhongheng Zhang, Yucai Hong, Huabo Cai, Hui Zhao, Peifeng Xu, Yiming Zhao, Shengping Lin, Xuchang Qin, JiaWei Guo, Yun Pan, Junru Dai
INTRODUCTION: There is a variety of tools being used in clinical practice for the prediction of weaning success from mechanical ventilation. However, their diagnostic performances are less than satisfactory. The purpose of this study is to investigate the value of serial changes in diaphragm function measured by ultrasound during the spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) as a weaning predictor. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective observational study conducted in a 10-bed medical emergency intensive care unit (EICU) in a university-affiliated hospital...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643073/endoscopic-resection-of-giant-fibrovascular-esophageal-polyps
#14
Marc A Ward, Kristin W Beard, Ezra N Teitelbaum, Ahmed M Sharata, Christy M Dunst, Lee L Swanstrom, Kevin M Reavis
BACKGROUND: Giant fibrovascular esophageal polyps are rare benign intraluminal tumors that originate from the submucosa of the cervical esophagus [Owens et al. (JAMA 103: 838-842, 1994), Totten et al. (JAMA 25:606-622, 1953)]. Due to their indolent course, these tumors tend to reach enormous proportions before patients develop symptoms. Accurately diagnosing these tumors is difficult, as endoscopy may miss 25% of these lesions because these polyps exhibit normal intact esophageal mucosa [Levine et al...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639154/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-gallbladder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Takahiro Yamada, Takeshi Hisa, Satoshi Shiozawa, Akiharu Kudo, Ryutaro Furukawa
A 50-year-old man had undergone chemotherapy and radiotherapy for malignant lymphoma 1 year earlier. Follow-up computed tomography revealed a gallbladder polyp. Transabdominal ultrasound demonstrated a 20-mm hypoechoic sessile polyp with basal waist in the gallbladder fundus; the surface was covered with a hyperechoic layer of non-uniform thickness. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography, the polyp showed an early uniform and sustained staining pattern. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the polyp had low and slightly high signal intensities on T1- and T2-weighted imaging, respectively...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628470/vascularity-of-nail-bed-by-ultrasound-to-discriminate-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-healthy-controls
#16
Sibel Zehra Aydin, Concepción Castillo-Gallego, Zoe R Ash, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Richard Wakefield, Dennis McGonagle
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June 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599899/placenta-accreta-spectrum-pathophysiology-and-evidence-based-anatomy-for-prenatal-ultrasound-imaging
#17
REVIEW
Eric Jauniaux, Sally Collins, Graham J Burton
Placenta accreta spectrum is a complex obstetric complication associated with high maternal morbidity. It is a relatively new disorder of placentation, and is the consequence of damage to the endometrium-myometrial interface of the uterine wall. When first described 80 years ago, it mainly occurred after manual removal of the placenta, uterine curettage, or endometritis. Superficial damage leads primarily to an abnormally adherent placenta, and is diagnosed as the complete or partial absence of the decidua on histology...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593001/teaching-echoscopy-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-ascites-in-cirrhosis-assessment-of-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce
#18
Salmi Andrea, Lanzani Giovanna, Campagnola Pietro, Frulloni Luca
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the efficacy of a brief, 8-h teaching program, using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) for the use of a pocket ultrasound device (echoscope) focused on bed side diagnosis of subclinical ascites in chronic liver disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten cirrhotic patients, five with subclinical ascites and five without, were selected during ultrasound examination performed with a high performance equipment for screening of hepatocellular carcinoma...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549050/use-of-noncontact-low-frequency-ultrasound-in-deep-tissue-pressure-injury-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Pamela Wagner-Cox, Heather M Duhame, Christina R Jamison, Robin R Jackson, Suzy T Fehr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of noncontact low-frequency ultrasound (NLFU) on deep tissue pressure injury (DTPI), both hospital-acquired and those present on admission (POA). DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Medical records from 44 adult patients with a DTPI treated with NLFU were reviewed; 22 had a hospital-acquired DTPI (HADTPI) and 22 had DTPI POA. Their mean age was 71.3 ± 16...
July 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547770/sonographic-appearance-of-subungual-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-hand
#20
Monica Quintana-Codina, Lídia Creus-Vila, Ana Iglesias-Plaza, Maribel Iglesias-Sancho, Gemma Melé-Ninot, Anna Isabel Lázaro-Simó, Montse Salleras-Redonnet
Subungual squamous cell carcinoma is very rare, but it is the most frequent primary malignant tumor of the nail bed. Therefore, its diagnosis and treatment are crucial to ensure a favorable prognosis. We present the sonographic findings in a case of a subungual squamous cell carcinoma. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2017.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
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