keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nucleated cells

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684333/effects-of-alterations-of-the-e-coli-lipopolysaccharide-layer-on-membrane-permeabilization-events-induced-by-cecropin-a
#1
Anurag Agrawal, James C Weisshaar
The outermost layer of Gram negative bacteria is composed of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) network that forms a dense protective hydrophilic barrier against entry of hydrophobic drugs. At low μM concentrations, a large family of cationic polypeptides known as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) is able to penetrate the LPS layer and permeabilize the outer membrane (OM) and the cytoplasmic membrane (CM), causing cell death. Cecropin A is a well-studied cationic AMP from moth. Here a battery of time-resolved, single-cell microscopy experiments explores how deletion of sugar layers and/or phosphoryl negative charges from the core oligosaccharide layer (core OS) of K12 E...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682502/frontiers-of-complex-disease-mechanisms-membrane-surface-tension-may-link-genotype-to-phenotype-in-glaucoma
#2
Howard R Petty
Although many monogenic diseases are understood based upon structural changes of gene products, less progress has been made concerning polygenic disease mechanisms. This article presents a new interdisciplinary approach to understand complex diseases, especially their genetic polymorphisms. I focus upon primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Although elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and oxidative stress are glaucoma hallmarks, the linkages between these factors and cell death are obscure. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote the formation of oxidatively truncated phosphoglycerides (OTP), free fatty acids, lysophosphoglycerides, oxysterols, and other chemical species that promote membrane disruption and decrease membrane surface tension...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681947/synergistic-integration-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-hydrostatic-pressure-in-the-expansion-and-maintenance-of-human-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells
#3
Yun Gyeong Kang, Jee-Yeong Jeong, Tae-Hee Lee, Ho Sup Lee, Jung-Woog Shin
Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) has been investigated to improve the clinical outcome of HSPC transplantation. However, ex vivo expansion of HSPCs still faces a major obstacle in that HPSCs tend to differentiate when proliferating. Here, we cocultured HSPCs with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and divided the HSPCs into two fractions according to whether they came into adherent to MSCs or not. Additionally, we used hydrostatic pressure (HP) to mimic the physical conditions in vivo ...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679741/pneumolysin-damaged-cells-benefit-from-non-homogenous-toxin-binding-to-cholesterol-rich-membrane-domains
#4
Patrick Drücker, Simon Bachler, Heidi Wolfmeier, Roman Schoenauer, René Köffel, Viktoria S Babiychuk, Petra S Dittrich, Annette Draeger, Eduard B Babiychuk
Nucleated cells eliminate lesions induced by bacterial pore-forming toxins, such as pneumolysin via shedding patches of damaged plasmalemma into the extracellular milieu. Recently, we have shown that the majority of shed pneumolysin is present in the form of inactive pre-pores. This finding is surprising considering that shedding is triggered by Ca2+ -influx following membrane perforation and therefore is expected to positively discriminate for active pores versus inactive pre-pores. Here we provide evidence for the existence of plasmalemmal domains that are able to attract pneumolysin at high local concentrations...
April 18, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679654/the-vanillin-derivative-6-bromine-5-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde-induces-aberrant-mitotic-progression-and-enhances-radio-sensitivity-accompanying-suppression-the-expression-of-plk1-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Meng-Meng Gu, Ming Li, Dexuan Gao, Lang-Huan Liu, Yue Lang, Si-Ming Yang, Hongling Ou, Bo Huang, Ping-Kun Zhou, Zeng-Fu Shang
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most common form of esophageal cancer in China. Since chemotherapy is the standard clinical intervention for advanced ESCC, the development of highly effective and minimal/non-toxic drugs is essential to improve the clinical outcome and prognosis of the patients. A novel derivative of vanillin, 6-bromine-5-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (BVAN08), has been recently reported to activate different cell death pathways in cancer cells. In this study, we demonstrate that BVAN08 exhibits a potent anti-proliferation effect on ESCC cells (TE-1 and ECA-109) by inhibiting the expression of PLK1, an important mitotic kinase...
April 18, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677616/in-situ-synthesis-of-molybdenum-sulfide-reduced-graphene-oxide-porous-film-as-robust-counter-electrode-for-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#6
Junliang Chen, Dapeng Wu, Hongju Wang, Fujuan Wang, Yixin Wang, Zhiyong Gao, Fang Xu, Kai Jiang
Molybdenum sulfide/reduced graphene oxide (MoS2 /RGO) porous film was in-situ deposited on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates via a one-pot hydrothermal method. Due to the oxygen-containing groups distributing on graphene oxide (GO) surface, the MoS2 sheets could nucleate and grow taking GO as substrates and the MoS2 /RGO film can be strongly linked to the FTO. Based on the electrochemical investigations, the enhanced cell performance could be ascribed to the improved electrical conductivity, catalytic active sites and electrolyte diffusion rate, which finally contribute to the high catalytic performance on the reduction of I- /I3 - couples in the electrolyte...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672535/a-novel-nanoluciferase-based-system-to-monitor-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-mice-by-bioluminescence-imaging
#7
Erica Silberstein, Carylinda Serna, Stenio Perdigão Fragoso, Rana Nagarkatti, Alain Debrabant
Chagas disease, caused by the intracellular protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 8-10 million people worldwide and represents a major public health challenge. There is no effective treatment or vaccine to control the disease that is characterized by a mild acute phase followed by a chronic life-long infection. Approximately 30% of chronically infected individuals develop cardiac and/or digestive pathologies. T. cruzi can invade a wide variety of nucleated cells, but only persists at specific tissues in the host...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671811/shape-shifted-red-blood-cells-a-novel-red-blood-cell-stage
#8
Verónica Chico, Sara Puente-Marin, Iván Nombela, Sergio Ciordia, María Carmen Mena, Begoña Carracedo, Alberto Villena, Luis Mercado, Julio Coll, María Del Mar Ortega-Villaizan
Primitive nucleated erythroid cells in the bloodstream have long been suggested to be more similar to nucleated red cells of fish, amphibians, and birds than the red cells of fetal and adult mammals. Rainbow trout Ficoll-purified red blood cells (RBCs) cultured in vitro undergo morphological changes, especially when exposed to stress, and enter a new cell stage that we have coined shape-shifted RBCs (shRBCs). We have characterized these shRBCs using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs, Wright⁻Giemsa staining, cell marker immunostaining, and transcriptomic and proteomic evaluation...
April 19, 2018: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669483/study-of-lung-toxicity-in-rats-exposed-to-silica-powder-with-different-hard-metal-constituents
#9
Zhansai Zhang, Yanfang Zhao, Gang Chen, Ruoming Li, Jun Yang, Daoyuan Sun
The objective of this study was to assess the lung toxicity induced by the inhalation of different hard metal constituents and silica powder and screen for potential toxicity biomarkers. Rats were randomly divided into saline, cobalt, tungsten carbide, silica, and hard metal (HM) groups and were administered a single 10-mg dose of the respective treatments. After 8 weeks, the lung tissue structure in the HM group was deformed, numerous nucleated giant and epithelial-like cells appeared in the stroma, and the computed tomography scanning images appeared abnormal...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668734/prognostic-value-of-hematological-parameters-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-intrahospital-outcomes
#10
José Gildo de Moura Monteiro Júnior, Dilênia de Oliveira Cipriano Torres, Maria Cleide Freire Clementino da Silva, Cyntia Maria de Holanda Martins, Izadora Karina da Silva, Monique Evelyn Mendonça do Nascimento, Ana Célia Oliveira Dos Santos, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Dário Celestino Sobral Filho
BACKGROUND: The intensity of the inflammatory response and hemodynamic repercussion in acute myocardial infarction causing the presence in the peripheral circulation of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs), increases in mean platelet volume (MPV) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are associated with a poorer prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess the role of these hematological biomarkers as predictors of all causes of mortality during the hospitalization of patients with acute myocardial infarction...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668357/formin-dependent-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-for-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#11
Manish K Rana, Francesca M Aloisio, Changhoon Choi, Diane L Barber
The role of distinct actin filaments architectures in epithelial plasticity remains incompletely understood. We, therefore, determined roles for formins and the Arp2/3 complex, which are actin nucleators generating unbranched and branched actin filaments, respectively, in the process of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). In clonal lung, mammary and renal epithelial cells, the formin activity inhibitor SMIFH2 but not the Arp2/3 complex activity inhibitor CK666 blocked EMT induced by TGF-β. SMIFH2 prevented the proximal signal of increased Smad2 phosphorylation, and hence also blocked downstream EMT markers, including actin filament remodeling, decreased expression of the adherens junction protein E-cadherin and increased expression of the matrix protein fibronectin and the transcription factor Snail...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667834/phase-transformation-of-geo2-glass-to-nanocrystals-under-ambient-condition
#12
Zhuohao Xiao, Xin-Yuan Sun, Xiuying Li, Yongqing Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Bowei Zhang, Xianglin Li, Ze Xiang Shen, Lingbing Kong, Yizhong Huang
Theoretically, the accomplishment of phase transformation requires sufficient energy to overcome the barriers of structure rearrangements. Transition of an amorphous to crystalline structure is implemented traditionally by heating at high temperatures. However, phase transformation under ambient condition without involving external energy has not been reported. Here, we demonstrate that phase transformation of GeO2 glass to nanocrystals can be triggered at ambient condition when subjected to aqueous environments...
April 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665119/blade-cast-nonfullerene-organic-solar-cells-in-air-with-excellent-morphology-efficiency-and-stability
#13
Lin Zhang, Baojun Lin, Bo Hu, Xianbin Xu, Wei Ma
Blade-coating serving as a prototype tool for slot-die coating can be very compatible with large-area roll-to-roll coating. Using blade-coating in an ambient environment, an average power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.03% is achieved in nonfullerene organic solar cells, which is higher than that of the optimal spin-coated device with a PCE of 9.41%. It is demonstrated that blade-coating can induce a higher degree of molecular packing for both conjugated polymer donors and small-molecular acceptors as it helps to produce a seeding film containing numerous crystal grains, subsequently providing nucleation sites for the residual solution when the motion of the blade exposes a liquid front...
April 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664599/bioinspired-materials-for-controlling-ice-nucleation-growth-and-recrystallization
#14
Zhiyuan He, Kai Liu, Jianjun Wang
Ice formation, mainly consisting of ice nucleation, ice growth, and ice recrystallization, is ubiquitous and crucial in wide-ranging fields from cryobiology to atmospheric physics. Despite active research for more than a century, the mechanism of ice formation is still far from satisfactory. Meanwhile, nature has unique ways of controlling ice formation and can provide resourceful avenues to unravel the mechanism of ice formation. For instance, antifreeze proteins (AFPs) protect living organisms from freezing damage via controlling ice formation, for example, tuning ice nucleation, shaping ice crystals, and inhibiting ice growth and recrystallization...
April 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663616/ehrho1-regulates-phagocytosis-by-modulating-actin-dynamics-through-ehformin1-and-ehprofilin1-in-entamoeba-histolytica
#15
Ravi Bharadwaj, Shalini Sharma, Janhawi, Ranjana Arya, Sudha Bhattacharya, Alok Bhattacharya
The protist parasite Entamoeba histolytica causes amoebiasis, a major public health problem in developing countries and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Invasive infection in amoebiasis mostly affects intestinal epithelial cell lining, but can also involve other organs, such as liver, lungs or brain. Phagocytosis is an essential mode of nutrition in amoeba and has often been associated with virulence behaviour of E. histolytica. E. histolytica possesses a highly dynamic and actin-rich cytoskeleton that is thought to be involved in many processes, such as motility, pseudopod formation and pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Cellular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662142/the-hepatitis-delta-virus-accumulation-requires-paraspeckle-components-and-affects-neat1-level-and-psp1-localization
#16
Yasnee Beeharry, Gabrielle Goodrum, Christian J Imperiale, Martin Pelchat
The Hepatitis Delta Virus (HDV) relies mainly on host proteins for its replication. We previously identified that PSF and p54nrb associate with the HDV RNA genome during viral replication. Together with PSP1, these proteins are part of paraspeckles, which are subnuclear bodies nucleated by the long non-coding RNA NEAT1. In this work, we established the requirement for PSF, p54nrb and PSP1 in HDV replication using RNAi-mediated knockdown in HEK-293 cells replicating the HDV RNA genome. We determined that HDV replication induces the delocalization of PSP1 to cytoplasmic foci containing PABP and increases NEAT1 level causing an enlargement of NEAT1 foci...
April 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660331/biophysical-characterization-of-actin-bundles-generated-by-the-chlamydia-trachomatis-tarp-effector
#17
Susmita Ghosh, Jinho Park, Mitchell Thomas, Edgar Cruz, Omar Cardona, Hyeran Kang, Travis Jewett
Chlamydia trachomatis entry into host cells is mediated by pathogen-directed remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. The chlamydial type III secreted effector, translocated actin recruiting phosphoprotein (Tarp), has been implicated in the recruitment of actin to the site of internalization. Tarp harbors G-actin binding and proline rich domains required for Tarp-mediated actin nucleation as well as unique F-actin binding domains implicated in the formation of actin bundles. Little is known about the mechanical properties of actin bundles generated by Tarp or the mechanism by which Tarp mediates actin bundle formation...
April 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658174/high-capacity-dendrite-free-growth-and-minimum-volume-change-na-metal-anode
#18
Yang Zhao, Xiaofei Yang, Liang-Yin Kuo, Payam Kaghazchi, Qian Sun, Jianneng Liang, Biqiong Wang, Andrew Lushington, Ruying Li, Huamin Zhang, Xueliang Sun
Na metal anode attracts increasing attention as a promising candidate for Na metal batteries (NMBs) due to the high specific capacity and low potential. However, similar to issues faced with the use of Li metal anode, crucial problems for metallic Na anode remain, including serious moss-like and dendritic Na growth, unstable solid electrolyte interphase formation, and large infinite volume changes. Here, the rational design of carbon paper (CP) with N-doped carbon nanotubes (NCNTs) as a 3D host to obtain Na@CP-NCNTs composites electrodes for NMBs is demonstrated...
April 15, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657114/augmin-antagonizes-katanin-at-microtubule-crossovers-to-control-the-dynamic-organization-of-plant-cortical-arrays
#19
Guangda Wang, Chaofeng Wang, Weiwei Liu, Yinping Ma, Li Dong, Juan Tian, Yanjun Yu, Zhaosheng Kong
Plant cells do not possess centrosomes, which serve as the microtubule organizing center in animal cells; how plant cell microtubule arrays are established and maintain their dynamics remain poorly understood [1]. The γ-tubulin complex and the katanin complex play central roles in the organization of plant cortical microtubules [2-6]. Previously, we reported that the augmin complex recruits the γ-tubulin complex to preexisting microtubules and initiates microtubule nucleation [7]. Moreover, we described how an intricate interaction between the katanin p60 subunit KTN1 and the p80 subunit KTN80 confers precise microtubule severing at either microtubule branching nucleation sites or crossovers [8]...
April 1, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652173/a-review-of-commercially-available-point-of-care-devices-to-concentrate-bone-marrow-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-and-focal-cartilage-lesions
#20
Florian Gaul, William D Bugbee, Heinz R Hoenecke, Darryl D D'Lima
Objective Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell-based therapy treatment option for several orthopedic indications. Because culture expansion of MSC is time and cost intensive, a bedside concentration of bone marrow (BM) aspirate is used as an alternative. Many commercial systems are available but the available literature and knowledge regarding these systems is limited. We compared different point-of-care devices that concentrate BM (BMC) by focusing on technical features and quality parameters to help surgeons make informed decisions while selecting the appropriate device...
April 1, 2018: Cartilage
keyword
keyword
60851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"