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Pancytopenia in sarcoidosis

Hiroaki Saito, Masayasu Ohmori, Masaya Iwamuro, Takehiro Tanaka, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Akinobu Takaki, Hiroyuki Okada
A 46-year-old woman presented with massive hematemesis, caused by the rupture of esophageal varices. The laboratory investigations showed pancytopenia, and imaging tests revealed hepatosplenomegaly and ascites. A diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis was made based on biopsies of the liver, stomach, lungs, heart, and skin. Although fat deposition was predominant, non-caseating granuloma and cirrhotic changes were found in the liver. Non-caseating granuloma was also identified in a biopsy specimen from minute depressions of the gastric folds...
October 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
Sophie Rolls, Catherine Hyams, Michael Sheaff, Terence C O'Shaughnessy
An Afro-Caribbean woman presented with worsening breathlessness, weight loss, lethargy and fevers, developing a bilateral florid erythematous rash on her legs. She was recently diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy was found on thoracic CT imaging. She was tachycardic and investigations revealed pancytopenia, eosinophilia, raised serum ACE, acute kidney injury and deranged liver function tests. Biopsy of the lymphadenopathy revealed mixed lymphoid cells and liver biopsy revealed extramedullary haematopoiesis, with hypercellular marrow found on bone marrow biopsy...
June 29, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Poonam Mathur, John J Zurlo, Tonya J Crook
INTRODUCTION: Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis with most cases of clinical illness reported in North and Central America. Rarely, patients develop progressive disseminated histoplasmosis with extrapulmonary manifestations. These infections are fatal if not appropriately treated. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of progressive disseminated histoplasmosis presenting with fever, progressive dyspnea, and pancytopenia in a 51-year-old Caucasian man who had been treated with chronic steroids for a diagnosis of sarcoidosis made 20 years previously...
June 27, 2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ivana Jovicić, Duaan Dj Popović, Ljubisa Toncev, Zikica Jovicić, Violeta Vucnić, Nada Kovacević, Srdjan Djuranović, Ivan Boricić, Marjan Micev, Milan Spuran, Tomica Milosavljević
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Although hepatic granulomas occur in 50-65% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis, isolated liver sarcoidosis is rare. Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic to manifest. The diagnosis is based on a characteristic histopathological finding of liver biopsy. CASE REPORT: We reported a 69-year old man was admitted due to abdominal swelling and abdominal pain. Laboratory studies detected: cholestasis, pancytopenia and elevaton of angiotensin-converting enzyme...
April 2014: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
José Miguel Senabre-Gallego, Carlos Santos-Ramírez, Gregorio Santos-Soler, Esteban Salas-Heredia, Mabel Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Xavier Barber, José Rosas
To date, anti-tumor necrosis factor alfa (anti-TNF-α) therapy is the only alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Etanercept is a soluble TNF receptor, with a mode of action and pharmacokinetics different to those of antibodies and distinctive efficacy and safety. Etanercept has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis, with or without radiographic sacroiliitis, and other manifestations of the disease, including peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and psoriasis...
September 23, 2013: Patient Preference and Adherence
M Viprey, J Donadieu, R Epaud, A Coulomb, H Ducou Le Pointe, A Clement, B Fauroux, H Corvol
Clinical presentation of sarcoidosis in children is very variable and dependant upon age. Herein, we report the first association of massive splenomegaly and pancytopenia as the revealing mode of sarcoidosis in an 8-year-old girl who, despite bone marrow involvement, had a remarkable good outcome following steroid therapy.
August 1, 2013: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Hussein Rahim, Mubashir Khan, Jay Hudgins, Kevin Lee, Lei Du, Louis Amorosa
A 39-year-old male reported fevers, weight loss, watery loose stools, and decreased visual acuity in his right eye over the prior five years. He was pancytopenic, had an elevated American council on exercise level, total bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase. Computed tomography revealed massive hepatosplenomegaly and emphysematous lung changes. Liver biopsy showed non caseating granulomas. The patient was diagnosed with extrapulmonary sarcoidosis and was treated with prednisone. The patient symptomatically improved but 5 mo later presented with abdominal pain caused by perforation of the cecum...
February 21, 2013: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Andrew J Erie, Rebecca F McClure, Alexandra P Wolanskyj
Bone marrow infiltration by granulomas rarely presents with cytopenias and is usually a result of atypical infections, lymphomas, or sarcoidosis. Drugs are also an important but often overlooked causal agent of bone marrow granulomas. Although rare, amiodarone has been associated with bone marrow granuloma formation. This case report describes a 73-year-old male who presented with pancytopenia during a preoperative evaluation. Amiodarone therapy was suspected to be the causal agent after diagnostic evaluation and exclusion of other causes...
January 26, 2010: Hematology Reports
Lawrence Akinsanya, Iftikhar Hussain, David Awoniyi, Khalid Usman
A 20-year-old male Saudi national presented initially with leucopenia and splenomegaly. The absence of other signs of disease, progressive pancytopenia and normal bone marrow examination posed a diagnostic dilemma as to the cause of hypersplenism. Subsequently, the patient had splenectomy the histopathological appearance of which was non-caseating granuloma. A high level of angiotension converting enzyme (ACE) was found in this patient. Sarcoidosis is a recognized cause of hypersplenism, and though the disease is not yet widely described in this part of the world...
January 2008: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hidenori Mori, Yasushi Ohno, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Fumitaka Ito, Junki Endo, Norihiko Funaguchi, Shinya Minatoguchi
We report a rare case of sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome with vertebral bone destruction. A 63-year-old woman was previously diagnosed as sarcoidosis by supraclavicular lymph node biopsy, and came to our hospital complaining of back pain. Both serum angiotensin-converting enzyme and lysozyme level had been continuously elevated. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed lumbar vertebral bone destruction. Histopathologic examination of lumbar vertebral tumor obtained by CT-guided biopsy revealed non-caseating epithelioid granuloma with CD 68 (+), AE1/AE3 (-), and no malignant cells...
November 2009: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
A O Adedayo, G A C Grell, P Bellot
We present a case of bone marrow granulomas in a 64-year-old West Indian man who presented with severe leucopenia, anaemia, thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, hypercalcaemia, hypercalciuria, elevated angiotensin converting enzyme level and reticulo-nodular shadows on chest X-ray. Bone marrow biopsy revealed numerous non-caseating epithelioid granulomas. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made and he was treated with prednisolone 60 mg daily for four weeks and the dose was subsequently reduced to 30 mg daily...
March 2003: West Indian Medical Journal
H Bauer
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology in which the immune system is overstimulated. The intrathoracic lymph glands and the lungs are the most common site of involvement but all other organs and systems can be affected. Although the prognosis is mainly favourable there is a small group of patients who are resistant to therapy and will eventually succumb to their disease. There is no causative treatment but corticosteroids are the most effective therapeutic agents for sarcoidosis...
July 2001: Pneumologie
D N Herrmann, M Blaivas, J J Wald, E L Feldman
Granulomatous myopathies are rare. Most cases are associated with sarcoidosis. We report a case of granulomatous myopathy associated with primary biliary cirrhosis, pancytopenia, and thymoma. The literature in regard to granulomatous myopathy and its pathogenesis is reviewed. Intermittent pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone may be useful as maintenance therapy for granulomatous myopathy and other neuromuscular syndromes for patients intolerant of oral corticosteroids.
July 2000: Muscle & Nerve
G Trenn, H E Gabbert, A Schmitt-Gräff, H E Reis
Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder of unknown cause characterized by the presence of noncaseating epitheloid granulomas and derangement of the normal skin architecture. Though an array of organs may be affected by the disease the most common site of affection is the lung. An extrathoratic manifestation is rare. We describe a 66-year-old patient who was admitted to our hospital because of weight loss and hepatomegaly. A thorough examination revealed the diagnosis of a granulomatous hepatitis characterized by a markedly elevated alkaline phosphatase concentration of 1,490 U/I...
February 1999: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
A Matzdorff, J Lohmeyer, H Pralle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 1996: Medizinische Klinik
K L Kruithoff, M R Gyetko, J M Scheiman
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown origin with a variable clinical presentation. The presenting complaint is usually referable to the lung. We describe an unusual presentation of sarcoidosis in a young black man who received medical attention for evaluation of pancytopenia, giant splenomegaly, and marked, refractory hypercalcemia. After extensive evaluation, including exploratory laparotomy, he was found to have sarcoidosis, with extensive involvement of his spleen, liver, and abdominal lymph nodes...
December 27, 1993: Archives of Internal Medicine
T Kwong, E Valderrama, C Paley, N Ilowite
Childhood sarcoidosis is a rare disorder with protean manifestations. The case of a child with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, and systemic necrotizing vasculitis manifesting as fever, rash and skin infarctions, digital pregangrene, and foot drop is reported. This is the first case of systemic necrotizing vasculitis reported in sarcoidosis. The fulminant course of the disease required treatment with intravenous pulsed cyclophosphamide and high doses of corticosteroids. The spectrum of vasculitis in childhood and adult sarcoidosis is reviewed...
June 1994: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
U Thadani, C P Aber, J J Taylor
A 53-year-old dock labourer, presented with massive splenomegaly and subsequently developed pancytopenia. Complete haematoglogical remission was observed following splenectomy. Histological examination of the liver and spleen revealed sarcoid granulomata. A year after splenectomy, he died in an acute haemolytic crisis, a very rare complication of sarcoidosis. Evidence of generalized sarcoidosis was found at autopsy. The literature on haematological complications in sarcoidosis is reviewed.
1975: Acta Haematologica
J Bordelon, M J Stone, E P Frenkel
A 55-year-old woman had progressive weakness, weight loss, night sweats, fever, right-sided facial weakness, and hepatomegaly. Reticulonodular infiltrates were seen on chest x-ray film and a central filling defect was noted on liver scan. Study of the peripheral blood was noted on liver scan. Study of the peripheral blood revealed pancytopenia and myeloblasts. The bone marrow was not markedly hypercellular but contained noncaseating granulomas and myeloblasts. The patient's condition deteriorated and she died on the 22nd hospital day...
November 1977: Southern Medical Journal
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