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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222218/fat-embolism-a-rare-cause-of-perioperative-renal-transplant-dysfunction
#1
Jemima Scott, Neil Collin, Richard Baker, Rommel Ravanan
Fat embolism is a recognised complication of bony injury and orthopaedic surgery, commonly involving the long bones and pelvis. We report on the case of a 68-year-old renal transplant recipient who developed acute kidney injury following surgical stabilisation of metastatic carcinoma of the acetabulum and replacement of the proximal femur. A CT renal angiogram demonstrated a large fat embolus in the inferior vena cava (IVC) and left iliac veins below the level of IVC filter, with impaired renal perfusion. The risks of open or endovascular lipothrombectomy were felt to outweigh the potential benefits...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207371/caught-in-time-when-ivc-filters-save-lives
#2
Anwar Zaitoun, Nikhil Ambulgekar, Andrew Boshara, Saroj Neupane, Antonious Attallah
Inferior vena cava filters are indicated in patients with venous thromboembolic disease in whom anticoagulation is a contraindication. This case highlights the importance of inferior vena cava filter placement in patients with extensive proximal deep vein thromboses in order to prevent massive pulmonary emboli, possibly associated with sudden cardiac death.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203395/outcomes-and-direct-costs-of-inferior-vena-cava-filter-placement-and-retrieval-within-the-ir-and-surgical-settings
#3
Mina S Makary, Jordan Kapke, Vedat Yildiz, Xueliang Pan, Joshua D Dowell
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes and costs of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement and retrieval in the interventional radiology (IR) and surgical departments at a tertiary-care center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of 142 sequential outpatient IVC filter placements and 244 retrievals performed in the IR suite and operating room (OR) from 2013 to 2016. Patient demographic data, procedural characteristics, outcomes, and direct costs were compared between cohorts...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197610/thromboembolic-risk-of-endovascular-intervention-for-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#4
Philip Lindsey, Angela Echeverria, Mun J Poi, Jesus Matos, Carlos F Bechara, Mathew Cheung, Peter H Lin
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the risk of thromboembolism during endovascular interventions in patients with symptomatic lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) METHODS: Clinical records of all patients who underwent endovascular interventions for symptomatic lower extremity DVT from 2001 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed using a prospectively maintained database. Only patients who received an IVC filter were included in the analysis. Trapped intra-filter thrombus was assessed for procedural-related thromboembolism...
November 29, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119240/ivc-filter-placements-in-children-nationwide-comparison-of-practice-patterns-at-adult-and-children-s-hospitals-using-the-kids-inpatient-database
#5
Vibhor Wadhwa, Premal S Trivedi, Sumera Ali, Robert K Ryu, Amir Pezeshkmehr
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement in children has been described in literature, but there is variability with regard to their indications. No nationally representative study has been done to compare practice patterns of filter placements at adult and children's hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To perform a nationally representative comparison of IVC filter placement practices in children at adult and children's hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database was searched for IVC filter placements in children <18 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097650/leiomyosarcoma-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-in-an-hiv-positive-adult-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jing Xu, Arash Velayati, Barbara J Berger, Ming Liu, Naga K Sucharita Cheedella, Vladimir Gotlieb
BACKGROUND Leiomyosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of the inferior vena cava (IVC), and represents approximately 10% of primary retroperitoneal sarcomas. Leiomyosarcoma presents with non-specific symptoms, including abdominal pain or back pain. There is an increased incidence in immunosuppressed individuals. CASE REPORT An unusual presentation of IVC leiomyosarcoma is reported in a 46-year-old female patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who was on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and who had a normal CD4 count of 934, who presented with back pain...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080097/hydromorphone-hydrochloride-use-during-various-interventional-radiology-procedures-pain-control-and-adverse-events-a-case-series-audit-analysis
#7
Thea Moran, Amit Prabhakar, James H Diaz, Alan David Kaye
INTRODUCTION: This project studied pain control and the development of adverse events before, during, and after the administration of hydromorphone hydrochloride for various interventional radiology (IR) procedures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 100 patients (men = 58; women = 42) sedated with peri-procedural intravenous (IV) hydromorphone in association with various IR procedures. We stratified the procedures as follows: abscess drainages (M = 8; F = 8), arteriograms (M = 1; F = 0), biliary interventions (M = 3; F = 2), bone biopsies (M = 2; F = 2), non-bone biopsies (M = 26; F = 19), non-tunneled venous catheters (M = 1; F = 1), tunneled venous catheters (M = 7; F = 5), embolization (M = 4; F = 0), IVC filter placement (M = 1; F = 1), nephrostomy tube placement (M = 1; F = 4), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy tube placements (M = 4; F = 0)...
December 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070745/incidence-characteristics-and-management-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-japan-during-2011
#8
Satoshi Ota, Akimasa Matsuda, Yoshito Ogihara, Norikazu Yamada, Mashio Nakamura, Takuya Mori, Masayuki Hamada, Takao Kobayashi, Masaaki Ito
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the incidence, characteristics and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Japan during 2011.Methods and Results:A retrospective study assessed responses to a questionnaire regarding treating newly diagnosed VTE at all admitting hospitals throughout Japan during 2011. More individuals were diagnosed with VTE than ever before, with 16,096 cases of diagnosed pulmonary embolism (PE) and 24,538 cases of diagnosed deep vein thrombosis (DVT)...
October 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038876/complications-and-retrieval-data-of-vena-cava-filters-based-on-specific-infrarenal-location
#9
Thomas G Tullius, Aaron S Bos, Mikin V Patel, Brian Funaki, Thuong G Van Ha
PURPOSE: Although recommended placement of IVC filters is with their tips positioned at the level of the renal vein inflow, in practice, adherence is limited due to clinical situation or IVC anatomy. We seek to evaluate the indwelling and retrieval complications of IVC filters based on their specific position within the infrarenal IVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, single institution study of 333 consecutive infrarenal vena cava filters placed by interventional radiologists in patients with an average age of 62...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037346/contemporary-outcomes-of-elective-iliocaval-and-infrainguinal-venous-intervention-for-post-thrombotic-chronic-venous-occlusive-disease
#10
Johnathon C Rollo, Steven M Farley, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Karen Woo, Peter F Lawrence, Brian G DeRubertis
BACKGROUND: Patients with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis are at risk for development of post-thrombotic syndrome. Iliac vein stenting has been shown to significantly improve clinical outcomes in patients with venous outflow obstruction, although many studies include a heterogeneous population with several different venous pathologic processes. Our objective was to evaluate the results of iliocaval and infrainguinal venous intervention for venous outflow obstruction due to post-thrombotic chronic venous occlusive disease...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029715/the-role-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-pulmonary-embolism
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan D Steinberger, Scott J Genshaft
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality, with an estimated 600,000 cases of clinically significant PE in the United States annually, and roughly 200,000 deaths per annum directly attributable to PE. By far the most frequent cause of PE is deep vein thrombosis originating in the lower extremities, which travels to the pulmonary vasculature. The mainstay of treatment is anticoagulation, but multiple additional treatments exist for patients in whom anticoagulation is inadequate or contraindicated...
September 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993967/outcomes-after-inferior-vena-cava-filter-placement-in-cancer-patients-diagnosed-with-pulmonary-embolism-risk-for-recurrent-venous-thromboembolism
#12
Catherine Coombs, Deborah Kuk, Sean Devlin, Robert H Siegelbaum, Jeremy C Durack, Rekha Parameswaran, Simon Mantha, Kathy Deng, Gerald Soff
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication in cancer patients and anticoagulation (AC) remains the standard of care for treatment. Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters may also used to reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism, either alone or in addition to AC. Although widely used, data are limited on the safety and efficacy of IVC filters in cancer patients. We performed a retrospective review of outcomes after IVC filter insertion in a database of 1270 consecutive patients with cancer-associated pulmonary embolism (PE) at our institution between 2008 and 2009...
November 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947173/concomitant-venous-thromboembolism-at-the-time-of-primary-eoc-diagnosis-perioperative-outcomes-and-survival-analyses
#13
Amanika Kumar, Callie C Hurtt, William A Cliby, Janice R Martin, Amy L Weaver, Michaela E McGree, Carrie L Langstraat, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes among women with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) undergoing primary surgery who present without venous thromboembolism (VTE) versus with VTE and placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. METHODS: Women who underwent primary surgery for EOC between 1/2/2003 and 12/30/2011 were identified. Patient characteristics were retrospectively abstracted, including diagnosis of VTE within 30days prior to surgery and placement of IVC filter...
September 22, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935036/inferior-vena-cava-filters-to-prevent-pulmonary-embolism-systematic-review-and%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Behnood Bikdeli, Saurav Chatterjee, Nihar R Desai, Ajay J Kirtane, Mayur M Desai, Michael B Bracken, Frederick A Spencer, Manuel Monreal, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are widely used for prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, uncertainty persists about their efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published reports on the efficacy and safety of IVC filters. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov through October 3, 2016, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or prospective controlled observational studies of IVC filters versus none in patients at risk of PE...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886989/factors-associated-with-contralateral-deep-venous-thrombosis-after-iliocaval-venous-stenting
#15
S A Khairy, R J Neves, O Hartung, G J O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The majority of iliac venous obstructions occur on the left side, and endovascular therapy has become the first line treatment for this condition. A left common iliac venous stent will protrude into the inferior vena cava (IVC) to some extent, thereby covering the contralateral common iliac vein (CIV) outflow. This may increase the risk of thrombosis of the contralateral iliac vein. The aim of this paper was to determine the rate of, and factors associated with, contralateral lower limb venous thrombosis after stenting, and to evaluate the results of salvage revascularisation...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879803/practice-patterns-of-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-and-predictors-of-filter-retrieval-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#16
Jieun Kang, Heung-Kyu Ko, Ji Hoon Shin, Gi-Young Ko, Kyung-Wook Jo, Jin Won Huh, Yeon-Mok Oh, Sang-Do Lee, Jae Seung Lee
Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are increasingly used in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) who have contraindications to anticoagulant therapy. However, previous studies have shown that many retrievable filters are left permanently in patients. This study aimed to identify the common indications for IVC filter insertion, the filter retrieval rate, and the predictive factors for filter retrieval attempts. To this end, a retrospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary care center in South Korea between January 2010 and May 2016...
September 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858539/radiographic-findings-of-distressed-venous-stents-and-inferior-vena-cava-filters-clinical-implications
#17
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Steven D Abramowitz, Matthew L Osher, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Wael E Saad, David M Williams
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe an association between the radiographic appearance of distressed intravascular implants and venous stenosis or occlusion and to determine the success of reparative endovascular procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with distressed stents or inferior vena cava (IVC) filters characterized by pursing (short-axis contracture), straightening, longitudinal contraction (long-axis contracture), or fracture were identified from retrospective review of a venous registry for the period from February 2004 to October 2016...
November 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832091/co-existence-of-the-double-inferior-vena-cava-with-complex-interiliac-venous-communication-and-aberrant-common-hepatic-artery-arising-from-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-case-report
#18
Vilai Chentanez, Natcha Nateniyom, Thanasil Huanmanop, Sithiporn Agthong
Variations of the arterial and venous system of the abdomen and pelvis have important clinical significance in hepatobiliary surgery, abdominal laparoscopy, and radiological intervention. A case of double inferior vena cava (IVC) with complex interiliac communication and variation of the common hepatic artery (CHA) arising from superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in a 79-year-old male cadaver is presented. Both IVCs ascended on either side of the abdominal aorta. The left-sided IVC crossed anterior to the aorta at the level of the left renal vein...
August 23, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816299/-application-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-combined-with-leukocyte-depletion-filter-on-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-carcinoma-with-inferior-vena-cava-tumor-thrombus-2-case-reports
#19
H Zeng, X Y Rong, X Q Zhang, X Y Guo
Intraoperative cell salvage (IOCS) has been widely used to reduce allogeneic blood transfusion and prevent blood transfusion related complications during surgery. However, due to the risk of transfusion related reaction, contamination, and immunological reaction, its use for tumor patients has been controversial and limited. To explore the feasibility of the application of IOCS in cancer patients, we reported 2 cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with tumor embolism in IVC that underwent radical nephrectomy,and inferior caval venous thrombectomy receiving IOCS combined with leukocyte depletion filter (LDF) from August 2016 to November 2016 in our hospital...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#20
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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