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Ken Iseri, Masayuki Iyoda, Makoto Watanabe, Kei Matsumoto, Daisuke Sanada, Takashi Inoue, Shohei Tachibana, Takanori Shibata
INTRODUCTION: The clinical utility of denosumab for the treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) has yet to be established. This study aimed to compare the effects of denosumab on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers to those of alendronate in patients with GIOP. METHODS: A prospective, single-center study of 32 patients (18 men; median age, 66.0 years) with glomerular disease receiving prednisolone (PSL) who were diagnosed as having GIOP and had not received bisphosphonates before was conducted...
2018: PloS One
Shensen Li, Jianping Mao, Mengjing Wang, Minmin Zhang, Li Ni, Ye Tao, Bihong Huang, Jing Chen
SHPT is one of the most common complications of CKD-MBD. Recent studies indicate that oxyphil cell proliferation is related to SHPT progression, while not inhibited by current treatments. The aim of this study was to analysis the correlation between oxyphil cell and clinical indicators in SHPT, further explore the protein expression differences of oxyphil cell. Among 33 MHD patients, 84.8% patients have one or more oxyphil dominant glands and the overall oxyphil cells proportion was 39.5 ± 16.3%. Univariate correlation and multivariable linear regression analyze showed that oral calcitriol dose and treatment duration were independent indicators of oxyphil cell ratio...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Wei Ling Lau, Yoshitsugu Obi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops in CKD due to a combination of vitamin D deficiency, hypocalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia, and it exists in nearly all patients at the time of dialysis initiation. There is insufficient data on whether to prefer vitamin D analogs compared with calcimimetics, but the available evidence suggests advantages with combination therapy. Calcium derangements, patient adherence, side effects, and cost limit the use of these agents. When parathyroid hormone level persists >800 pg/ml for >6 months, despite exhaustive medical interventions, monoclonal proliferation with nodular hyperplasia is likely present along with decreased expression of vitamin D and calcium-sensing receptors...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Leila R Zelnick, Ian H de Boer, Bryan R Kestenbaum, Michel Chonchol, Jessica Kendrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Padmanabha Nandan, Arun Kumar Nayanatara, Roopesh Poojary, K Bhagyalakshmi, M Nirupama, Rekha D Kini
PURPOSE: Obesity in females is an emerging health problem. The consumption of MSG has been considered as a risk factor for obesity. The tastemakers in Chinese and fast foods, such as fish sauce and soy sauce, contain very high levels of glutamate. The deficiency of Vitamin D is associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the effect of co-administration of Vitamin D on body weight control in MSG-induced obese rats. METHODS: Eighteen adult female Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups equally...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Andrea Olmos-Ortiz, Janice García-Quiroz, Euclides Avila, Felipe Caldiño-Soto, Ali Halhali, Fernando Larrea, Lorenza Díaz
PROBLEM: Calcitriol, the hormonal form of vitamin D3 (VD), stimulates placental antimicrobial peptides expression; nonetheless, the regulation of calcitriol biosynthesis in the presence of bacterial products and its consequence on placental innate immunity have scarcely been addressed. METHOD OF STUDY: We investigated how some bacterial products modify placental VD metabolism and its ability to induce antimicrobial peptides gene expression. RESULTS: Cultured human trophoblasts biosynthesized calcitriol only in the presence of its precursor calcidiol, a process that was inhibited by cyclic-AMP but stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Georgios Kravvas, Karolina Gholam
Psoriasis is one of the most common chronic skin diseases, affecting 1%-3% of the general population. It can have a significant negative impact on a patient's quality of life, and in approximately 30% of patients first symptoms can be traced back to childhood. We have performed a comprehensive literature search using the MEDLINE database in order to ascertain the efficacy and adverse reactions of topical treatments in pediatric psoriasis. A total of 13 relevant articles were identified on the following topical agents: corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors, vitamin D analogs, and dithranol...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
Iveta Bartonkova, Enikoe Kallay, Zdenek Dvorak
The role of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in immune responses has been broadly studied and it has been shown that activated VDR alters the levels of some interleukins (ILs). In this study, we studied the opposite, i.e. whether 13 selected pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory ILs influence the transcriptional activity of human VDR. The experimental models of choice were two human stably transfected gene reporter cell lines IZ-VDRE and IZ-CYP24, which were designed to evaluate the transcriptional activity of VDR...
2018: PloS One
Karthikeyan Muthusamy, Selvaraman Nagamani
Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics have become presumptive with advancements in next-generation sequencing technology. In complex diseases, distinguishing the feasibility of pathogenic and neutral disease-causing variants is a time consuming and expensive process. Recent drug research and development processes mainly rely on the relationship between the genotype and phenotype through Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The SNPs play an indispensable role in elucidating the individual's vulnerability to disease and drug response...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Luke J Peppone, Marilyn Ling, Alissa J Huston, Mary E Reid, Michelle C Janelsins, J Edward Puzas, Charles Kamen, Auro Del Giglio, Matthew Asare, Anita R Peoples, Karen M Mustian
INTRODUCTION: Cancer treatment-induced bone loss (CTIBL) is a long-term side effect of breast cancer therapy. Both calcitriol and weight-bearing exercise improve bone metabolism for osteoporotic patients, but are unproven in a breast cancer population. We used a novel high-dose calcitriol regimen with an individualized exercise intervention to improve bone metabolism in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We accrued 41 subjects to this open label, 2 × 2 factorial, randomized feasibility trial...
February 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ray Kreienkamp, Simona Graziano, Nuria Coll-Bonfill, Gonzalo Bedia-Diaz, Emily Cybulla, Alessandro Vindigni, Dale Dorsett, Nard Kubben, Luis Francisco Zirnberger Batista, Susana Gonzalo
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a premature aging disease caused by a truncated lamin A protein (progerin) that drives cellular and organismal decline. HGPS patient-derived fibroblasts accumulate genomic instability, but its underlying mechanisms and contribution to disease remain poorly understood. Here, we show that progerin-induced replication stress (RS) drives genomic instability by eliciting replication fork (RF) stalling and nuclease-mediated degradation. Rampant RS is accompanied by upregulation of the cGAS/STING cytosolic DNA sensing pathway and activation of a robust STAT1-regulated interferon (IFN)-like response...
February 20, 2018: Cell Reports
Niranjan Tachamo, Anthony Donato, Bidhya Timilsina, Salik Nazir, Saroj Lohani, Rashmi Dhital, Sijan Basnet
Cosmetic injections with silicone and polymethylmethacrylate are not FDA-approved for augmentation of body parts such as breast, buttock or legs, but they have been widely used for decades. Cosmetic injections can cause foreign body granulomas and occasionally severe and life-threatening hypercalcemia. We aimed to systematically analyze the published literature on cosmetic injection-associated hypercalcemia. Methods We searched relevant articles on hypercalcemia associated with various cosmetic injections and extracted relevant data on demographics, cosmetic injections used, severity of hypercalcemia, management and outcomes...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
J M Boland, P J Tebben, A L Folpe
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), also known as "oncogenic osteomalacia", is a rare cause of osteomalacia. TIO often has an insidious onset characterized clinically by progressive muscle weakness and bone pain with fractures. The hallmark biochemical finding is a persistent low serum phosphorus concentration due to renal phosphate wasting. The vast majority of cases of TIO result from production of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by a histologically distinctive mesenchymal tumor, termed "phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor" (PMT)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Cai-Mei Zheng, Chia-Chao Wu, Chi-Feng Hung, Min-Tser Liao, Jia-Fwu Shyu, Yung-Ho Hsu, Chien-Lin Lu, Yuan-Hung Wang, Jing-Quan Zheng, Tian-Jong Chang, Yuh-Feng Lin, Kuo-Cheng Lu
We evaluated the improvement of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels and bone parameters by supplementing nutritional vitamin D (cholecalciferol) to combined calcimimetic (cinacalcet) and active vitamin D analog (calcitriol) among severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) hemodialysis (HD) patients. A randomized, controlled open-label study was undertaken in 60 HD patients with serum iPTH > 1000 pg/mL or persistently high iPTH ≥ 600 pg/mL even after >3 months of calcitriol (3 μg/week). The study group received oral cholecalciferol (5000 IU/ day) and the control group received a placebo...
February 10, 2018: Nutrients
Seung Taek Lim, Ye Won Jeon, Hongki Gwak, Se Young Kim, Young Jin Suh
The Janus kinase (JAK)1 and JAK2 inhibitor, ruxolitinib, and the active form of vitamin D (calcitriol) were previously reported to possess anticancer effects in breast cancer. The present study investigated the combined effects of ruxolitinib and calcitriol on an estrogen receptor (ER)‑positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)‑positive, breast cancer cell line. The ER and HER2‑positive MCF7‑HER18 breast cancer cell line was used to investigate the combination effect of ruxolitinib and calcitriol...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Bhupesh Panwar, Diane McCann, Gordana Olbina, Mark Westerman, Orlando M Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Anemia is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Elevated hepcidin concentrations are an important mediator of disordered iron metabolism, a key mechanism underlying anemia of CKD. Vitamin D was recently shown to reduce serum hepcidin concentrations in healthy individuals. We examined whether treatment with calcitriol reduces serum hepcidin in individuals with CKD. METHODS: A total of 40 participants with stage 3 or 4 CKD (eGFR 15-60 ml/min/1...
February 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Mario Cozzolino
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are affected by mineral and bone disorder (MBD), resulting in abnormalities in serum calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH). Changes in mineral metabolism have also been associated with higher rates of both all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. The majority of haemodialysis patients are also deficient in the endogenous hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol), often contributing to increased secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and consequently to abnormal levels of Ca, P and PTH...
February 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
Cagri Cakici, Turkan Yigitbasi, Sule Ayla, Hadi Karimkhani, Feyza Bayramoglu, Pakize Yigit, Ertugrul Kilic, Nesrin Emekli
Background The purpose of this study is to examine the dose-dependent effects of vitamin 1,25(OH)2D3 on apoptosis and oxidative stress. Methods In this study, 50 male Balb/c mice were used as control and experiment groups. The mice were divided into 5 groups each consisting of 10 mice. Calcitriol was intraperitoneally administered as low dose, medium dose, medium-high dose and high dose vitamin D groups (at 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 μg/kg, respectively), for three times a week during 14 days. At the end of the study, annexin V was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method, and total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status values were measured by colorimetric method in serum...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Ashish Mahendra, Karishma, Basanta Kumar Choudhury, Tamanna Sharma, Neha Bansal, Richa Bansal, Shivangi Gupta
Vitamin D serves as a precursor to the potent steroid hormone calcitriol, which has widespread actions throughout the body. Calcitriol regulates numerous cellular pathways that could have a role in determining cancer risk and prognosis. Low Vitamin D levels have been implicated in numerous disease processes including fracture risk, falls, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cancers. Metabolite of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25[OH]2D3) regulates numerous genes that control gut physiology and homeostasis...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
E Ramos-Martínez, M R López-Vancell, J C Fernández de Córdova-Aguirre, J Rojas-Serrano, A Chavarría, A Velasco-Medina, G Velázquez-Sámano
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a molecule that modulates the immune response and shows anti-inflammatory effects that are beneficial for the control of chronic diseases such as asthma. The trial aim was to explore the effect of vitamin D supplementation on the colonization of pathogenic bacteria in the upper respiratory tract of allergic asthmatic patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in 86 patients between 18 and 50 years of age who were randomly divided into two groups...
February 2, 2018: Cytokine
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