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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728174/a-global-view-on-output-and-outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-with-national-indices-of-socioeconomic-development
#1
Wei Wang, William Yan, Andreas Müller, Mingguang He
Purpose: Cataract blindness accounts for a substantial proportion of blindness worldwide. Understanding the correlations between national levels of socioeconomic development with the quantity and quality of cataract surgery may provide insight for the prioritization and resource allocation for blindness prevention programs. Methods: The relationships between human development index (HDI), gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and cataract surgical coverage (CSC) and visual outcome of cataract surgery were examined in a multinational study utilizing secondary data from the repository for Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB), World Health Organization, Global Burden of Disease, United Nations, and the World Bank...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728116/response-of-soil-physico-chemical-properties-to-restoration-approaches-and-submergence-in-the-water-level-fluctuation-zone-of-the-danjiangkou-reservoir-china
#2
Xiao Shu, KeRong Zhang, QuanFa Zhang, WeiBo Wang
With the completion of the Danjiangkou Dam, the impoundment and drainage of dams can significantly alter shorelines, hydrological regime, and sediment and can result in the loss of soil and original riparian vegetation. Revegetation may affect soil properties and have broad important implications both for ecological services and soil recovery. In this work, we investigated the soil properties under different restoration approaches, and before and after submergence in the water level fluctuation zone (WLFZ) of the Danjiangkou Reservoir...
July 17, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726736/protozoadb-2-0-a-trypanosoma-brucei-case-study
#3
Rodrigo Jardim, Diogo Tschoeke, Alberto M R Da Vila
Over the last decade new species of Protozoa have been sequenced and deposited in GenBank. Analyzing large amounts of genomic data, especially using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), is not a trivial task, considering that researchers used to deal or focus their studies on few genes or gene families or even small genomes. To facilitate the information extraction process from genomic data, we developed a database system called ProtozoaDB that included five genomes of Protozoa in its first version. In the present study, we present a new version of ProtozoaDB called ProtozoaDB 2...
July 20, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726596/getting-the-message-across-an-august-bank-holiday-long-ago
#4
Musheer Hussain, Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726290/from-other-journals
#5
Jeremy Furyk, Colin Banks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725358/grandparentage-assignments-identify-unexpected-adfluvial-life-history-tactic-contributing-offspring-to-a-reintroduced-population
#6
Nicholas M Sard, Dave P Jacobson, Michael A Banks
Diversity in life history tactics contributes to the persistence of a population because it helps to protect against stochastic environments by varying individuals in space and time. However, some life history tactics may not be accounted for when assessing the demographic viability of a population. One important factor in demographic viability assessments is cohort replacement rate (CRR), which is defined as the number of future adults produced by an adult. We assessed if precocial resident males (<age-3) and adfluvial Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), adults that reside in freshwater their entire lives, contributed offspring to a reintroduced population from 2008 to 2013...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724953/antimicrobial-efficacy-and-synergy-of-metal-ions-against-enterococcus-faecium-klebsiella-pneumoniae-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-planktonic-and-biofilm-phenotypes
#7
Misha Y Vaidya, Andrew J McBain, Jonathan A Butler, Craig E Banks, Kathryn A Whitehead
The effects of metal ion solutions (silver, copper, platinum, gold and palladium) were determined individually and in combination against Enterococcus faecium, Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Platinum, gold and palladium showed the greatest antimicrobial efficacy in zone of inhibition (ZoI) assays. When tested in combinations using ZoI assays, gold/platinum, gold/palladium and platinum/palladium were indicative of synergy. Microbial inhibitory concentration demonstrated platinum and gold against Enterococcus faecium, platinum against Klebsiella pneumoniae and platinum and silver against Acinetobacter baumannii were optimal...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724886/modulation-of-rna-primer-formation-by-mn-ii-substituted-t7-dna-primase
#8
Stefan Ilic, Sabine R Akabayov, Roy Froimovici, Ron Meiry, Dan Vilenchik, Alfredo Hernandez, Haribabu Arthanari, Barak Akabayov
Lagging strand DNA synthesis by DNA polymerase requires RNA primers produced by DNA primase. The N-terminal primase domain of the gene 4 protein of phage T7 comprises a zinc-binding domain that recognizes a specific DNA sequence and an RNA polymerase domain that catalyzes RNA polymerization. Based on its crystal structure, the RNA polymerase domain contains two Mg(II) ions. Mn(II) substitution leads to elevated RNA primer synthesis by T7 DNA primase. NMR analysis revealed that upon binding Mn(II), T7 DNA primase undergoes conformational changes near the metal cofactor binding site that are not observed when the enzyme binds Mg(II)...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724556/performance-assessment-of-a-trypanosoma-cruzi-chimeric-antigen-in-multiplex-liquid-microarray-assays
#9
Fred Luciano Neves Santos, Paola Alejandra Fiorani Celedon, Nilson Ivo Tonin Zanchin, Amanda Leitolis, Sandra Crestani, Leonardo Foti, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Yara de Miranda Gomes, Marco Aurélio Krieger
Diagnosing chronic Chagas disease (CD) requires antibody--antigen detection methods, traditionally based on enzymatic assay techniques whose performance depend on the type and quality of antigen used. Previously, 4 recombinant chimeric proteins from Instituto de Biologia Molecular do Paraná (IBMP-8.1 to -8.4) comprising immuno-dominant regions of diverse Trypanosoma cruzi antigens showed excellent diagnostic performance in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Considering that next-generation platforms offer improved CD diagnostic accuracy with different T...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724441/computed-tomography-during-initial-management-and-mortality-among-hemodynamically-unstable-blunt-trauma-patients-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Yusuke Tsutsumi, Shingo Fukuma, Asuka Tsuchiya, Tatsuyoshi Ikenoue, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Miho Kimachi, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Although many hemodynamically unstable trauma patients undergo computed tomography (CT) to identify a source of bleeding, this practice is currently only recommended by a few guidelines. To clarify whether CT has harmful effects among these patients, we examined the association between CT during initial management and mortality among unstable blunt trauma patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study based on Japan Trauma Data Bank 2004-2014 registry data...
July 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724297/-living-in-the-moment-among-cancer-survivors-who-report-life-transforming-change
#11
Perry Skeath, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: Some cancer survivors say that while coping with their illness they have had what they identify as a highly beneficial, personal, life-transforming change (LTC; a self-subscribed condition among participants in this study, not a researcher-defined construct). Previously we found that the content of LTC was highly individual; but certain features of the LTC process were quite uniform. For example, LTC was driven by a very rational desire to remain genuinely functional as a person in the midst of highly stressful circumstances...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724055/bone-turnover-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
Thalita Lima Melo, Leila Froeder, Leandro da Cunha Baia, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate parameters of bone and mineral metabolism after bariatric surgery. Subjects and methods: This sectional study included data from medical records from 61 bariatric surgery (BS) patients (minimum period of 6 months after the procedure) and from 30 class II and III obese patients as a control group (Cont), consisting of daily dietary intake of macronutrients, calcium and sodium, serum 25(OH)D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) and other biochemical serum and urinary parameters...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724009/the-dialog-between-health-and-foreign-policy-in-brazilian-cooperation-in-human-milk-banks
#13
Tiago Mocellin Pittas, Clarissa Franzoi Dri
Mother's milk is the primary source of nourishment in early infancy. When this source is unavailable, secondary sources may be used, such as human milk banks. The first milk bank in Brazil was created in 1943, and they have been used ever since. A national model was developed through a number of phases, culminating in the Brazilian Network of Human Milk Banks. This gave rise to a number of international cooperation projects, with the Brazilian model particularly relevant for developing nations. The main objective of this analysis is to understand what drives Brazil to promote milk banks internationally...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723251/asi-profile-of-persons-who-re-enter-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#14
Hélène Simoneau, Serge Brochu
Despite a growing interest in persons with multiple treatment re-entries, few studies have defined their clinical profile. The aim of this study was to compare the severity profile of substance use disorder and related problems of persons who re-enter treatment to the profile of those who come in for treatment for the first time. A data bank containing 6,651 Addiction Severity Index (ASI) interviews from three rehabilitation centers was used for the analyses. All the ASI composite scores were significantly higher among persons who re-entered treatment than among those who came for the first time...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721956/direction-of-uneven-health-care-expenditure-evidence-from-northeast-india
#15
Tiken Das, Pradyut Guha
BACKGROUND: Although the need for ensuring universal coverage in health has received the attention of policymakers under the Millennium Development Goals program, the skewed pattern of health-care expenditure has been increased globally. OBJECTIVE: To find out the pattern of public health-care expenditure in northeastern states of India and also to identify the nature of inter-state variation in health-care expenditure among the states. METHODS: The study was based on the secondary data collected from the State Finance Figures of Budgetary Statistics of Reserve Bank of India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720089/analysis-of-the-association-between-millennium-development-goals-4-5-and-the-physician-workforce-across-international-economic-strata
#16
Christopher P Morley, Dongliang Wang, Emily M Mader, Kyle P Plante, Lindsey N Kingston, Azadeh Rabiei
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5...
July 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#17
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719998/beta-lactamase-database-bldb-structure-and-function
#18
Thierry Naas, Saoussen Oueslati, Rémy A Bonnin, Maria Laura Dabos, Agustin Zavala, Laurent Dortet, Pascal Retailleau, Bogdan I Iorga
Beta-Lactamase Database (BLDB) is a comprehensive, manually curated public resource providing up-to-date structural and functional information focused on this superfamily of enzymes with a great impact on antibiotic resistance. All the enzymes reported and characterised in the literature are presented according to the class (A, B, C and D), family and subfamily to which they belong. All three-dimensional structures of β-lactamases present in the Protein Data Bank are also shown. The characterisation of representative mutants and hydrolytic profiles (kinetics) completes the picture and altogether these four elements constitute the essential foundation for a better understanding of the structure-function relationship within this enzymes family...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719572/neuroimaging-correlates-of-post-stroke-aphasia-rehabilitation-in-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-constraint-induced-aphasia-therapy
#19
Rodolphe Nenert, Jane B Allendorfer, Amber M Martin, Christi Banks, Angel Ball, Jennifer Vannest, Aimee R Dietz, Jerzy P Szaflarski
BACKGROUND Recovery from post-stroke aphasia is a long and complex process with an uncertain outcome. Various interventions have been proposed to augment the recovery, including constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT). CIAT has been applied to patients suffering from post-stroke aphasia in several unblinded studies to show mild-to-moderate linguistic gains. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuroimaging correlates of CIAT in patients with chronic aphasia related to left middle cerebral artery stroke...
July 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719337/determination-of-some-heavy-metals-in-mastacembelus-mastacembelus-banks-solander-1794-in-terms-of-public-health
#20
M Eroğlu, M Düşükcan, Ö Canpolat, M Çalta, D Şen
In this study, the accumulation of some heavy metals in spiny eel (Mastacembelus mastacembelus Banks and Solander, 1794) living in Karakaya Dam Lake was determined and human health risk of this fish when consumed as food was examined. For this purpose, the amounts of copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), cadmium(Cd), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) in water samples and in the muscle tissues of the fishes were determined. The amounts of heavy metals showed differences in the muscle tissues of Mastacembelus mastacembelus according to weight, length, sex and age groups of fish...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
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