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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528368/preparation-of-allogeneic-bone-for-alveolar-ridge-augmentation
#1
Kornel Krasny, Artur Kamiński, Marta Krasny, Tomasz Czech, Andrzej Wojtowicz
Implant treatment is safe and predictable with sufficient amount and quality of bone tissue. In case of severely reduced bone tissue after a tooth was lost, augmentation of such tissue is necessary before implant embedment. Retrospective evaluation covered 380 alveolar ridge reconstructions. The study material consisted of human grafts prepared by the Department of Transplantology and Central Tissue Bank, Medical University of Warsaw. Presentation of laboratory procedures in the context of physical parameters of frozen, radiation sterilised, allogeneic corticocancellous material was presented...
May 20, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527644/conceptual-structure-of-health-related-quality-of-life-for-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-tbi-qol
#2
Mark Sherer, Julia Maria Paul Poritz, David Tulsky, Pamela Kisala, Luis Leon-Novelo, Esther Ngan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factor structure of the Traumatic Brain Injury - Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) measurement system. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: 3 TBI Model Systems rehabilitation centers in the US PARTICIPANTS: and Methods: 20 TBI-QOL item banks were administered to a sample of 504 community-dwelling adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as part of a study of TBI classification. A subsample of n=200 participants was randomly selected for exploratory factor analyses (EFA), while data from the remaining 304 participants were used for the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527482/-scientific-research-policy-for-health-in-portugal-i-european-and-national-environment
#3
REVIEW
Cátia Sá Guerreiro, Zulmira Hartz, Luís Sambo, Cláudia Conceição, Gilles Dussault, Giuliano Russo, Miguel Viveiros, Henrique Silveira, Pedro Pita Barros, Paulo Ferrinho
The global debate on scientific research policy for human health has been led by World Health Organisation with important contributions from other stakeholders such as Council on Health Research for Development, the World Bank and the Global Forum for Health Research. Recently it has been dominated by the thematic agendas of major global financiers. There is a growing interest worldwide in making better use of the evidence resulting from scientific research in health, in the decision-making process regarding health policies, which is fraught with difficulties, as it is the case in Europe...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527016/chemical-derivatization-of-metabolite-mass-profiling-of-the-recretohalophyte-aeluropus-lagopoides-revealing-salt-stress-tolerance-mechanism
#4
Murali Krishna Paidi, Parinita Agarwal, Prashant More, Pradeep K Agarwal
Plants are the primary producers of food for human being. Their intracellular environment alternation is influenced by abiotic stress factors such as drought, heat and soil salinity. Aeluropus lagopoides is a strong halophyte that grows with ease under high saline muddy banks of creeks of Gujarat, India. To study the response of salinity on metabolite changes in Aeluropus, three treatments, i.e. control, salinity and recovery, were selected for both shoot and root tissue. The cytosolic metabolite state was analysed by molecular chemical derivatization gas chromatography mass profiling...
May 19, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526953/mutual-interference-between-adult-females-of-galendromus-flumenis-acari-phytoseiidae-feeding-on-eggs-of-banks-grass-mite-decreases-predation-efficiency-and-increases-emigration-rate
#5
Fatemeh Ganjisaffar, Gösta Nachman, Thomas M Perring
The Banks grass mite, Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) (Acari: Tetranychidae) causes significant damage to dates in California (USA), if not controlled. Studies are underway to develop biological control strategies against this pest in dates using the predatory mite Galendromus flumenis (Chant) (Acari: Phytoseiidae). In California date gardens, this predator is found in low numbers that are insufficient for the economic suppression of Banks grass mites, and our research aims to understand why it fails to keep up with prey densities...
May 19, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525780/age-of-despair-or-age-of-hope-palestinian-women-s-perspectives-on-midlife-health
#6
Doaa Hammoudeh, Ernestina Coast, David Lewis, Yoke van der Meulen, Tiziana Leone, Rita Giacaman
There is limited evidence about women's experiences of the midlife, beyond a narrow - frequently biomedical - focus on the menopause. The broader (physical, social, cultural, political) dimensions of women's midlife health are poorly understood, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Our study seeks to understand how women in the West Bank (occupied Palestinian territories) conceptualise, experience and manage their health in the midlife. We generated qualitative evidence using in-depth life history interviews in 2015 with women (n = 35) living in the West Bank, analysed thematically...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525590/sdm-a-server-for-predicting-effects-of-mutations-on-protein-stability
#7
Arun Prasad Pandurangan, Bernardo Ochoa-Montaño, David B Ascher, Tom L Blundell
Here, we report a webserver for the improved SDM, used for predicting the effects of mutations on protein stability. As a pioneering knowledge-based approach, SDM has been highlighted as the most appropriate method to use in combination with many other approaches. We have updated the environment-specific amino-acid substitution tables based on the current expanded PDB (a 5-fold increase in information), and introduced new residue-conformation and interaction parameters, including packing density and residue depth...
May 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525510/zika-virus-obstetric-and-pediatric-anesthesia-considerations
#8
Jacqueline L Tutiven, Benjamin T Pruden, James S Banks, Mario Stevenson, David J Birnbach
As of November 2016, the Florida Department of Health (FDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have confirmed more than 4000 travel-related Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in the United States with >700 of those in Florida. There have been 139 cases of locally acquired infection, all occurring in Miami, Florida. Within the US territories (eg, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands), >30,000 cases of ZIKV infection have been reported. The projected number of individuals at risk for ZIKV infection in the Caribbean and Latin America approximates 5 million...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525509/analgesic-choice-in-management-of-rib-fractures-paravertebral-block-or-epidural-analgesia
#9
Mahdi Malekpour, Ammar Hashmi, James Dove, Denise Torres, Jeffrey Wild
BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are commonly encountered in the setting of trauma. The aim of this study was to assess the association between the clinical outcome of rib fracture and epidural analgesia (EA) versus paravertebral block (PVB) using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). METHODS: Using the 2011 and 2012 versions of the NTDB, we retrieved completed records for all patients above 18 years of age who were admitted with rib fractures. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#10
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525356/synthesis-biological-activity-and-molecular-modeling-study-of-new-schiff-bases-incorporated-with-indole-moiety
#11
Ahmed H Halawa, Shimaa Mohamed Abd El-Gilil, Ahmed H Bedair, Mohamed Shaaban, Marcel Frese, Norbert Sewald, Essam M Eliwa, Ahmed M El-Agrody
A new series of heterocyclic Schiff bases 2-9 containing indole moiety were synthesized by facile and efficient condensation of indole-3/2/5-carboxaldehyde (1a/1b/1c) with different aromatic and heterocyclic primary amines using conventional and/or microwave irradiation methods. The structures of the obtained compounds were assigned by sophisticated spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques (1D-NMR, 2D-NMR and MS). The synthesized compounds were screened for their cytotoxicity and antibacterial activities...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524766/psychological-flexibility-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-relating-patterns-of-acceptance-adherence-and-stress-to-adaptation
#12
Rebecca C Kamody, Kristoffer S Berlin, Tiffany M Rybak, Kimberly L Klages, Gabrielle G Banks, Jeanelle S Ali, Ramin Alemzadeh, Robert J Ferry, Alicia M Diaz Thomas
Psychological flexibility, a complex concept encompassing both acceptance and action related factors, has been identified as a target for intervention for diabetes management. Research suggests acceptance, self-management, and stress, all factors that influence psychological flexibility, have an impact on adaptation to type 1 diabetes (T1D) by youth independently. However, yet to be explored is individually varying patterns of these variables and how they may relate to diabetes adaptation outcomes. The present study aimed to establish individual variations of patterns of these factors to derive profiles of psychological flexibility, and examine their relations to the adaptation outcomes of glycemic control and health-related quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524547/performance-of-a-new-generation-continuous-autotransfusion-device-including-fat-removal-and-consequences-for-quality-controls
#13
T F Seyfried, M Gruber, D Bitzinger, M T Pawlik, A Breu, B M Graf, E Hansen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cell salvage plays a key role in blood conservation. To maintain high performance, quality management is recommended. Accordingly, a new-generation autotransfusion device was tested for its performance and compared with its predecessor. Two different calculations of quality parameters were applied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an experimental study, the continuous autotransfusion devices CATSmart and Continuous Autotransfusion System (C.A...
May 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524541/-worried-about-relapse-family-members-experiences-and-perspectives-of-relapse-in-first-episode-psychosis
#14
Shalini Lal, Ashok Malla, Gina Marandola, Joanie Thériault, Phil Tibbo, Rahul Manchanda, Richard Williams, Ridha Joober, Nicola Banks
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding on the subject of relapse from the perspectives of family members of young people receiving services for a first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A qualitative descriptive approach, using focus group methods, was used to elicit experiences, understandings, and knowledge of relapse in FEP. Family members were recruited from 4 specialized early intervention programmes for psychosis in Canada...
May 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524366/contrasting-hcv-and-hiv-seroepidemiology-in-11-years-of-blood-donors-screening-in-brazil
#15
J E Levi, S M Lira, C B Bub, M B Polite, C C Terzian, J M Kutner
BACKGROUND: Blood donors are, in principle, healthy individuals who may be revealed as infectious for blood-borne agents by the laboratory screening process, depicting the asymptomatic burden of the disease. Therefore, monitoring hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected donor and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected donor and associating to their demographical and behavioural characteristics may shed light on the dynamics and contemporary changes in these viruses' epidemiology. METHODS: Donors presenting repeatedly reactive HCV or HIV serology/nucleic acid testing (NAT) screening results were submitted to confirmatory testing...
May 19, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523956/pathogen-reduction-technologies-the-pros-and-cons-for-platelet-transfusion
#16
Audrey Magron, Jonathan Laugier, Patrick Provost, Eric Boilard
The transfusion of platelets is essential for diverse pathological conditions associated with thrombocytopenia or platelet disorders. To maintain optimal platelet quality and functions, platelets are stored as platelet concentrates (PCs) at room temperature under continuous agitation-conditions that are permissive for microbial proliferation. In order to reduce these contaminants, pathogen reduction technologies (PRTs) were developed by the pharmaceutical industry and subsequently implemented by blood banks...
May 19, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523495/fresh-frozen-versus-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-for-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#17
Ekta Patel
Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MSI) is fast becoming an industry leading technique as a means of investigating the distributions of protein and peptide molecules directly from sections of tissue. Developing protocols for the analysis of FFPE tissue opens up numerous opportunities for novel biomarker discovery, due to the large number of tissue banks containing FFPE biopsy samples. This chapter reports the analysis of both fresh frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues using such protocols...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523412/epidemiological-risk-factors-for-animal-influenza-a-viruses-overcoming-species-barriers
#18
REVIEW
Kate A Harris, Gudrun S Freidl, Olga S Munoz, Sophie von Dobschuetz, Marco De Nardi, Barbara Wieland, Marion P G Koopmans, Katharina D C Stärk, Kristien van Reeth, Gwen Dauphin, Adam Meijer, Erwin de Bruin, Ilaria Capua, Andy A Hill, Rowena Kosmider, Jill Banks, Kim Stevens, Sylvie van der Werf, Vincent Enouf, Karen van der Meulen, Ian H Brown, Dennis J Alexander, Andrew C Breed
Drivers and risk factors for Influenza A virus transmission across species barriers are poorly understood, despite the ever present threat to human and animal health potentially on a pandemic scale. Here we review the published evidence for epidemiological risk factors associated with influenza viruses transmitting between animal species and from animals to humans. A total of 39 papers were found with evidence of epidemiological risk factors for influenza virus transmission from animals to humans; 18 of which had some statistical measure associated with the transmission of a virus...
May 18, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523366/the-effect-of-cigarette-price-increases-on-cigarette-consumption-tax-revenue-and-smoking-related-death-in-africa-from-1999-to-2013
#19
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues, and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 36 African countries. METHODS: Using panel data from the 1999-2013 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed-effects and random-effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523053/seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infections-among-different-blood-group-donors-at-blood-bank-lumhs-hyderabad
#20
Faheem Ahmed Memon, Ikram Din Ujjan, Amir Iqbal Memon, Abdul Rehman Shaikh, Ali Raza Rao, Arshi Naz
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of HBsAg, Anti-HCV, HIV, Syphilis and Malaria in blood donors. METHODS: This is a cross sectional descriptive study, conducted at Blood bank and Transfusion center at Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Hyderabad, during the period from January, 2014 to June, 2015. A total of 4683 blood donors were screened for HBsAg, Anti-HCV and HIV on Architect 20001 (manufactured by Abbott), employing chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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