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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#1
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444678/pyelonephritis-in-pregnancy-prediction-of-prolonged-hospitalization-and-maternal-morbidity-using-prognostic-scoring-systems
#2
Amy M Valent, Katie Peticca, Alexandra DiMatteo, Shimeka Banks, Ronak Shah, Lindsey Chernicky, Beth Weitz, Casey Armistead, James Hill, Craig Towers, David Lewis, Everett F Magann, Suneet P Chauhan, James W Van Hook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444397/advancing-the-efficiency-and-efficacy-of-patient-reported-outcomes-with-multivariate-computer-adaptive-testing
#3
Scott Morris, Mike Bass, Mirinae Lee, Richard E Neapolitan
Objective: : The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) initiative developed an array of patient reported outcome (PRO) measures. To reduce the number of questions administered, PROMIS utilizes unidimensional item response theory and unidimensional computer adaptive testing (UCAT), which means a separate set of questions is administered for each measured trait. Multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) and multidimensional computer adaptive testing (MCAT) simultaneously assess correlated traits...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443413/bank-nurse-award
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442370/modulation-of-drug-choice-by-extended-drug-access-and-withdrawal-in-rhesus-monkeys-implications-for-negative-reinforcement-as-a-driver-of-addiction-and-target-for-medications-development
#5
REVIEW
S Stevens Negus, Matthew L Banks
Chronic drug exposure is hypothesized to recruit negative reinforcement processes that increase the magnitude and alter the mechanisms of drug reinforcement. Candidate substrates of negative reinforcement include increased signaling via stress-related neurotransmitters such as corticotropin releasing factor (CRF, acting at CRF receptors) or dynorphin (acting at kappa opioid receptors) and/or decreased signaling via reward-related neurotransmitters such as dopamine. Determinants of drug reinforcement can be examined with choice procedures, in which subjects choose between a drug of interest (e...
April 22, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442345/characterization-of-a-recombinant-humanized-anti-cocaine-antibody-produced-from-multiple-clones-for-the-selection-of-a-master-cell-bank-candidate
#6
Hanna N Wetzel, Rose P Webster, Fatima Saeed, Terence L Kirley, William J Ball, Andrew B Norman
We have generated a humanized anti-cocaine monoclonal antibody (mAb), which is at an advanced stage of pre-clinical development. We report here in vitro binding affinity studies, and in vivo pharmacokinetic and efficacy studies of the recombinant mAb. The overall aim was to characterize the recombinant antibody from each of the three highest producing transfected clones and to select one to establish a master cell bank. In mAb pharmacokinetic studies, after injection with h2E2 (120 mg/kg iv) blood was collected from the tail tip of mice over 28 days...
April 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442251/liquidus-tracking-large-scale-preservation-of-encapsulated-3-d-cell-cultures-using-a-vitrification-machine
#7
Eva Puschmann, Clare Selden, Steve Butler, Barry Fuller
Currently, cryo-banking of multicellular structures such as organoids, especially in large volumes at clinical scale >1 L, remains elusive for reasons such as insufficient dehydration and cryoprotectant additive (CPA(1)) penetration, slow cooling and warming rates and devitrification processes. Here we introduce the concept of Liquidus Tracking (LT) using a semi-automated process for liquid volumes of up to 450 ml including 130 ml of alginate encapsulated liver cells (AELC) that archived controlled and reversible vitrification with minimized toxicity...
April 22, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441942/rare-antibody-associated-hemolytic-transfusion-reaction-and-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-a-case-report
#8
Tim N Beck, Natalee G Young, Michelle L Erickson, Ignacio Prats
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic transfusion reactions and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) are life-threatening complications associated with the transfusion of blood products. Hemorrhage is one of the most common surgical complications and the risk of bleeding is particularly acute in patients with hematologic deficiencies. Management of surgical bleeding can be divided into two phases. The first phase centers on immediate control of acute bleeding and the second phase focuses on keeping the patient stable and on reducing the sequelae associated with blood transfusions and blood loss...
April 26, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441911/the-effects-of-a-data-driven-maximum-surgical-blood-ordering-schedule-on-preoperative-blood-ordering-practices
#9
C L Woodrum, M Wisniewski, D J Triulzi, J H Waters, L H Alarcon, M H Yazer
OBJECTIVES: The maximum surgical blood ordering schedule (MSBOS) provides guidelines for pre-operative pre-transfusion testing for elective surgical procedures. This study compared blood ordering and utilization during the period when the MSBOS was created by achieving consensus between the blood bank and the various surgical specialties, and after the introduction of an MSBOS created by using department-specific red blood cell (RBC) transfusion data (data driven MSBOS, dMSBOS). METHODS: The dMSBOS was created by analyzing 12 months of RBC transfusion data for each procedure across a regional health system...
April 25, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441505/error-detection-based-model-to-assess-educational-outcomes-in-crisis-resource-management-training-a-pilot-study
#10
Sarah Bouhabel, Emily Kay-Rivest, Carol Nhan, Ilana Bank, Peter Nugus, Rachel Fisher, Lily Hp Nguyen
Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS) residents face a variety of difficult, high-stress situations, which may occur early in their training. Since these events occur infrequently, simulation-based learning has become an important part of residents' training and is already well established in fields such as anesthesia and emergency medicine. In the domain of OTL-HNS, it is gradually gaining in popularity. Crisis Resource Management (CRM), a program adapted from the aviation industry, aims to improve outcomes of crisis situations by attempting to mitigate human errors...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441366/time-spent-by-breast-imaging-radiologists-to-perform-value-added-activities-at-an-academic-cancer-center
#11
Fernando Collado-Mesa, Geetika Klevos, Kristopher Arheart, James Banks, Monica Yepes, Jose Net
BACKGROUND: Health care reform in the United States has generated a paradigm shift in the practice of radiology aimed at increasing the degree of patient-centered care. We conducted a study to quantify the amount of time breast imaging radiologists spend on value-added activities at an academic comprehensive cancer center located in Miami, Florida, and accredited by the American College of Radiology as a Breast Imaging Center of Excellence. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted during a period of 20 consecutive workdays...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440890/fluorescence-and-autoradiographic-evaluation-of-tau-pet-ligand-pbb3-to-%C3%AE-synuclein-pathology
#12
Shunsuke Koga, Maiko Ono, Naruhiko Sahara, Makoto Higuchi, Dennis W Dickson
BACKGROUND: The tau PET ligand 2-((1E,3E)-4-(6-([(11) C]methylamino)pyridin-3-yl)buta-1,3-dienyl)benzo[d]thiazol-6-ol ([(11) C]PBB3) binds to a wide range of tau pathology; however, binding property of PBB3 to non-tau inclusions remains unknown. To clarify whether [(11) C]PBB3 binds to α-synuclein pathology, reactivity of PBB3 was assessed by in vitro fluorescence and autoradiographic labeling of brain sections from α-synucleinopathies patients. METHOD: Of 10 pure Lewy body disease and 120 multiple system atrophy (MSA) cases in the Mayo Clinic brain bank, we selected 3 Lewy body disease and 4 MSA cases with a range of α-synuclein severity based on the quantitative analysis of α-synuclein burden...
April 25, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440794/se-sad-serial-femtosecond-crystallography-datasets-from-selenobiotinyl-streptavidin
#13
Chun Hong Yoon, Hasan DeMirci, Raymond G Sierra, E Han Dao, Radman Ahmadi, Fulya Aksit, Andrew L Aquila, Alexander Batyuk, Halilibrahim Ciftci, Serge Guillet, Matt J Hayes, Brandon Hayes, Thomas J Lane, Meng Liang, Ulf Lundström, Jason E Koglin, Paul Mgbam, Yashas Rao, Theodore Rendahl, Evan Rodriguez, Lindsey Zhang, Soichi Wakatsuki, Sébastien Boutet, James M Holton, Mark S Hunter
We provide a detailed description of selenobiotinyl-streptavidin (Se-B SA) co-crystal datasets recorded using the Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) for selenium single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (Se-SAD) structure determination. Se-B SA was chosen as the model system for its high affinity between biotin and streptavidin where the sulfur atom in the biotin molecule (C10H16N2O3S) is substituted with selenium. The dataset was collected at three different transmissions (100, 50, and 10%) using a serial sample chamber setup which allows for two sample chambers, a front chamber and a back chamber, to operate simultaneously...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440595/remittances-as-aid-following-major-sudden-onset-natural-disasters
#14
Catherine Bragg, Glenn Gibson, Haleigh King, Ashley A Lefler, Faustin Ntoubandi
There is a general assumption, based on macroeconomic studies, that remittances will rise following major sudden-onset natural disasters. This is confirmed by a few assessments involving country-specific research, and usually short-term data. This study, questioning conventional wisdom, reviewed and graphed annual and quarterly remittance flows using International Monetary Fund and World Bank data from 2000-14 for 12 countries that confronted 18 major natural disasters. It found that, regardless of event type, annual remittances rose steadily from 2000-14 except for after the 2008-09 financial crisis...
April 25, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439745/core-curriculum-case-illustration-placental-abruption
#15
Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl, Ahmed Said Sabry, Muhammad Mubashir Ramzan, Ken F Linnau
This is the 33rd installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
April 24, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439732/skin-allograft-procurement-and-transplantation-in-mashhad-iran-are-burn-patients-needs-being-met
#16
Seyed Hassan Tavousi, Ali Ahmadabadi, Alireza Sedaghat, Ebrahim Khaleghi, Maryam Rashchi, Zohreh Bonakdaran
Only a single donor's tissue may save or improve lives of one hundred patients. Unfortunately, low governmental and media support of tissue procurement and transplantation programs is a worldwide problem. Loss of an effective tissue procurement program in many countries like Iran, may lead to loss of many thousands valuable tissues each year. To evaluate the rate of skin donation in Mashhad in comparison to other organs and tissues, we extracted the data related to tissue and organ procurement in Mashhad from 2001...
April 24, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439522/automatic-image-quality-assessment-and-measurement-of-fetal-head-in-two-dimensional-ultrasound-image
#17
Lei Zhang, Nicholas J Dudley, Tryphon Lambrou, Nigel Allinson, Xujiong Ye
Owing to the inconsistent image quality existing in routine obstetric ultrasound (US) scans that leads to a large intraobserver and interobserver variability, the aim of this study is to develop a quality-assured, fully automated US fetal head measurement system. A texton-based fetal head segmentation is used as a prerequisite step to obtain the head region. Textons are calculated using a filter bank designed specific for US fetal head structure. Both shape- and anatomic-based features calculated from the segmented head region are then fed into a random forest classifier to determine the quality of the image (e...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438482/manufacture-and-preparation-of-human-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-for-local-tissue-delivery
#18
Lee Lankford, Y Julia Chen, Zoe Saenz, Priyadarsini Kumar, Connor Long, Diana Farmer, Aijun Wang
BACKGROUND: In this study we describe the development of a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP)-compliant process to isolate, expand and bank placenta-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (PMSCs) for use as stem cell therapy. We characterize the viability, proliferation and neuroprotective secretory profile of PMSCs seeded on clinical-grade porcine small intestine submucosa extracellular matrix (SIS-ECM; Cook Biotech). METHODS: PMSCs were isolated from early gestation placenta chorionic villus tissue via explant culture...
April 21, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437748/rational-and-timely-haemostatic-interventions-following-cardiac-surgery-coagulation-factor-concentrates-or-blood-bank-products
#19
Mariann Tang, Christian Fenger-Eriksen, Per Wierup, Jacob Greisen, Jørgen Ingerslev, Vibeke Hjortdal, Benny Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery may cause a serious coagulopathy leading to increased risk of bleeding and transfusion demands. Blood bank products are commonly first line haemostatic intervention, but has been associated with hazardous side effect. Coagulation factor concentrates may be a more efficient, predictable, and potentially a safer treatment, although prospective clinical trials are needed to further explore these hypotheses. This study investigated the haemostatic potential of ex vivo supplementation of coagulation factor concentrates versus blood bank products on blood samples drawn from patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
April 5, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436692/rhizospheric-soil-enzyme-activities-and-phytominimg-potential-of-aeluropus-lagopoides-and-cyperus-conglomeratus-growing-in-contaminated-soils-at-the-banks-of-artificial-lake-of-reclaimed-wastewater
#20
Zahid Khorshid Abbas
This work investigates the phytoremediation potential of Aeluropus lagopoides and Cyperus conglomeratus, growing indigenously in the vicinity of artificial lake of reclaimed water in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. The sampling sites were located at different distance from the waste water treatment plants. Trace metal contents were higher in roots than shoots in both these plants. Soil urease activity in rhizophere increased linearly along the sampling sites, however, soil alkaline phosphatase and β-glucosidase activities was greater at site 2 but were declined at site 3...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
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