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Cardiac apoptosis

Ruijie Liu, Hadi Khalil, Suh-Chin J Lin, Michelle A Sargent, Allen J York, Jeffery D Molkentin
Nemo-like kinase (NLK) is an evolutionary conserved serine/threonine protein kinase implicated in development, proliferation and apoptosis regulation. Here we identified NLK as a gene product induced in the hearts of mice subjected to pressure overload or myocardial infarction injury, suggesting a potential regulatory role with pathological stimulation to this organ. To examine the potential functional consequences of increased NLK levels, cardiac-specific transgenic mice with inducible expression of this gene product were generated, as well as cardiac-specific Nlk gene-deleted mice...
2016: PloS One
Shi Jia, Xue Qiao, Jingjing Ye, Xuan Fang, Chunling Xu, Yangpo Cao, Ming Zheng
Myocardial infarction is caused by insufficient coronary blood supply, which leads to myocardial damage and eventually the heart failure. Molecular mechanisms associated with the loss of cardiomyocytes during myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia-related cardiac diseases are not yet fully understood. Nogo-C is an endoplasmic reticulum protein ubiquitously expressed in tissues including in the heart, however, the cardiac function of Nogo-C is still unknown. In the present study, we found that Nogo-C was upregulated in mouse hearts after MI, and hypoxic treatments also increased Nogo-C protein level in cardiomyocytes...
October 20, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Fabiana de Salvi Guimarães, Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Luis Henrique Marchesi Bozi, Pâmela R Souza, Ednei Luiz Antonio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Paulo José Ferreira Tucci, Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Patricia Chakur Brum, Alessandra Medeiros
Dexamethasone is a potent and widely used anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drug. However, recent evidences suggest that dexamethasone cause pathologic cardiac remodeling, which later impairs cardiac function. The mechanism behind the cardiotoxic effect of dexamethasone is elusive. The present study aimed to verify if dexamethasone-induced cardiotoxicity would be associated with changes in the cardiac net balance of calcium handling protein and calcineurin signaling pathway activation. Wistar rats (~400 g) were treated with dexamethasone (35 µg/g) in drinking water for 15 days...
October 19, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yeter Topcu-Tarladacalisir, Melike Sapmaz-Metin, Turan Karaca
Curcumin has several biological functions particularly antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The aims of this study are determination of the protective effects of curcumin on cisplatin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis and related pathways in kidney. Eighteen male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6): the control, cisplatin (CP), and cisplatin + curcumin (CP + CUR). Acute renal damage was induced by single dose of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg) injected by intraperitoneally (i...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
Yang Sun, Dajun Zhao, Yang Yang, Chao Gao, Xing Zhang, Zhiqiang Ma, Shuai Jiang, Lin Zhao, Wenhao Chen, Kai Ren, Wei Yi, Feng Gao
The underlying mechanisms of cardioprotection of adiponectin (APN) against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether calreticulin (CRT) mediated APN's cardioprotection against I/R injury. We inhibited mice cardiac CRT expression via intra-myocardial injection of CRT SiRNA, performed transient LAD ligation, measured the cardiac function, apoptosis and oxidative stress to identify CRT's effects on cardioprotective actions of APN against I/R injury in vivo...
October 18, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Zhanna Kobalava
The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in general and heart failure (HF) in particular continues to increase worldwide. CVD are major contributors to death and morbidity and recognized as important drivers of healthcare expenditure. Chronic overactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in human hypertension and HF pathophysiology. RAAS is fundamental in the overall regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the actions of hormones, which regulate vascular tone, and specifically blood pressure through vasoconstriction and renal sodium and water retention...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anastasia Mihailidou, Anthony Ashton
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be a major burden of disease, despite rapid reperfusion interventions. Reperfusion of ischemic hearts (reperfusion injury) induces free radical generation, activation of early stress responses and apoptosis, which contributes to ventricular remodeling and dysfunction, which may lead to developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown clinically to reduce blood pressure, particularly in resistant hypertension, and substantially increase survival in heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Enrico Agabiti Rosei
Current Hypertension Guidelines emphasize the importance of assessing the presence of preclinical organ damage. In fact, an extensive evaluation of organ damage may increase the number of patients classified at high CV risk and therefore strongly influence the clinical management of patients. Hypertensive heart disease remains to date the form of organ damage for which there is the greatest amount of evidence of a strong independent prognostic significance. In the presence of a chronic pressure overload, a parallel addition of sarcomers takes place with an increase in myocyte width, which in turn increases left ventricular wall thickness; myocyte hypertrophy is also associated with apoptosis, collagen deposition and ventricular fibrosis with an impairment of coronary hemodynamics as well, thus profoundly influencing functional properties of the left (and right) ventricle...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Liming Yu, Chongxi Fan, Zhi Li, Jian Zhang, Xiaodong Xue, Yinli Xu, Guolong Zhao, Yang Yang, Huishan Wang
Stress hyperglycemia is commonly observed in patients suffering from ischemic heart disease. It not only worsens cardiovascular prognosis but also attenuates the efficacies of various cardioprotective agents. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of melatonin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury in acute hyperglycemic state with a focus on Notch1/Hes1/Akt signaling and intracellular thioredoxin (Trx) system. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to MI/R surgery and high glucose (HG, 500 g/L) infusion (4 ml/kg/h) to induce temporary hyperglycemia...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Wenwen Wang, Yanqin Yang, Zhewen Xiong, Jiamin Kong, Xinlu Fu, Feihai Shen, Zhiying Huang
Triptolide (TP), a diterpene triepoxide, is a major active component of Tripterygium wilfordii extracts, which are prepared as tablets and has been used clinically for the treatment of inflammation and autoimmune disorders. However, TP's therapeutic potential is limited by severe adverse effects. In a previous study, we reported that TP induced mitochondria dependent apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) is a multifunctional serine/threonine kinase that plays important roles in the necrosis and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes...
October 14, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Zena Huang, Xiaobian Dong, Xiaodong Zhuang, Xun Hu, Lichun Wang, Xinxue Liao
Hyperglycemia serves an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects against high glucose‑induced inflammation and cytotoxicity in cardiac cells by inhibiting the p38 mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB), cyclooxygenase‑2 (COX‑2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) signaling pathways. Rat H9c2 myocardium cells were exposed to 33 mM glucose (high glucose, HG) for 24 h to stimulate HG‑induced cytotoxicity...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Meng-Meng Dou, Zhi-Hao Zhang, Zhu-Bo Li, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Yan Zhao
Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo has been used for thousands of years to promote body fluid production; however, little is currently known regarding its effects on the heart. The present study aimed to explore the cardioprotective potential of the water extract of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo (DOE) on myocardial ischemia in mice. A mouse model of myocardial ischemia was induced following ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Prior to the operation, mice were administered a vehicle or DOE for 2 weeks...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wendong Huang, Yongfei Yang, Zhi Zeng, Meiling Su, Qi Gao, Banghao Zhu
Salvia miltiorrhiza and ligustrazine are traditional Chinese medicines that have been used in combination for treatment of cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, cardiac angina and atherosclerosis in Asia, in particular, China. The present study aimed to determine the effect of S. miltiorrhiza and ligustrazine injection (SLI) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injuries via the Akt serine/threonine kinase (Akt)‑endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling pathway...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Pavel Osmancik, Anna Louckova
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) belongs to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. AIM: The aim of the review is to evaluate available literature on biomarkers of apoptosis, extracellular matrix remodelling, and recently established markers of inflammation in patients with HF. METHODS: Using the search words "Fas, "TRAIL", "apoptosis", "heart failure", "galectin-2, "ST-2", "metaloproteinase", "TGF- β1", "prognosis", "coronary artery diseases", and "dilated cardiomyopathy", a search was carried out...
October 17, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
Rugmani Padmanabhan Iyer, Lisandra E de Castro Brás, Nicolle L Patterson, Manishabrata Bhowmick, Elizabeth R Flynn, Majdouline Asher, Presley L Cannon, Kristine Y Deleon-Pennell, Gregg B Fields, Merry L Lindsey
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is robustly elevated in the first week post-myocardial infarction (MI). Targeted deletion of the MMP-9 gene attenuates cardiac remodeling post-MI by reducing macrophage infiltration and collagen accumulation through increased apoptosis and reduced inflammation. In this study, we used a translational experimental design to determine whether selective MMP-9 inhibition early post-MI would be an effective therapeutic strategy in mice. We enrolled male C57BL/6J mice (3-6months old, n=116) for this study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Matteo Ciocci, Egidio Iorio, Felicia Carotenuto, Haneen A Khashoggi, Francesca Nanni, Sonia Melino
The improvement of solubility and/or dissolution rate of poorly soluble natural compounds is an ideal strategy to make them optimal candidates as new potential drugs. Accordingly, the allyl sulfur compounds and omega-3 fatty acids are natural hydrophobic compounds that exhibit two important combined properties: cardiovascular protection and antitumor activity. Here, we have synthesized and characterized a novel formulation of diallyl disulfide (DADS) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) as protein-nanoemulsions (BAD-NEs), using ultrasounds...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Ji Hye Park, Sung Hyun Choi, Hyungtae Kim, Seung Taek Ji, Woong Bi Jang, Jae Ho Kim, Sang Hong Baek, Sang Mo Kwon
Doxorubicin (DOXO) is widely used to treat solid tumors. However, its clinical use is limited by side effects including serious cardiotoxicity due to cardiomyocyte damage. Resident cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) act as key regulators of homeostasis in myocardial cells. However, little is known about the function of hCPCs in DOXO-induced cardiotoxicity. In this study, we found that DOXO-mediated hCPC toxicity is closely related to calcium-related autophagy signaling and was significantly attenuated by blocking mTOR signaling in human hCPCs...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
James C Lin, Wei-Wen Kuo, Rathinasamy Baskaran, Ming-Cheng Chen, Tsung-Jung Ho, Ray-Jade Chen, Ya-Fang Chen, Viswanadha Vijaya Padma, Ing-Shiow Lay, Chih-Yang Huang
BACKGROUND: Beta-catenin has been implicated in cell-cell communication in a wide variety of developmental and physiological processes. Defective Wnt signaling could result in various cardiac and vascular abnormalities. Little is known regarding Wnt/frizzled pathway in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. METHODS: In this study, the role of β-catenin in apoptosis was investigated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and primary cardiomyocytes isolated in diabetic Wistar rats. The cardiomyocytes were transfected with porcine cytomegalovirus (pCMV)-β-catenin plasmid in order to overexpress β-catenin...
October 13, 2016: Cardiology Journal
Jingrui Chen, Wenjie Cao, Patrick Fordjour Asare, Ming Lv, Zhu Yan, Lan Li, Jing Wei, Hui Gao, Han Zhang, Haoping Mao, Xiumei Gao, Guanwei Fan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danhong injection (DHI) is a standardized product extracted from Radix et Rhizoma Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Flos Carthami ,which has been long applied mainly used to treat ischemic encephalopathy and cardiac diseases including myocardial infarction and angina in clinical practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of this study was to investigate the salutary effects of DHI by slowing ventricular remodeling and improving cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Qingshu Wang, Ling Hu, Yu Hu, Gu Gong, Hua Tan, Li Deng, Xiaoqin Sun, Xiaobo Yi, Yangyang Sun, Wei Wu, Tao Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of carbon monoxide (CO) on high-altitude hypoxia-induced cardiac damage. METHODS: Forty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups. The mice were exposed to normoxia or simulated 5,500-meter high-altitude hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber for 7 days. During the first 3 days, the mice were pretreated with CO-saturated hemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carrier (CO-HBOC), oxygen-saturated hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (O2-HBOC) at a dose of 0...
October 12, 2016: Cardiology
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