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Cardiac apoptosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813698/caspase-independent-pathway-is-related-to-nilotinib-cytotoxicity-in-cultured-cardiomyocytes
#1
Qinghui Yang, Chunhui Zhang, Hong Wei, Zenghui Meng, Guangnan Li, Yuanyuan Xu, Yanjun Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiotoxicity is a predominant side-effect of nilotinib during chronic myeloid leukemia treatment. The underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. The role of autophagy and mitochondrial signaling was investigated in nilotinib-treated cardiac H9C2 cells. METHODS: Cytotoxicity was assessed using Cell Death Detection kit. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence staining was performed, and cathepsin B and caspase3 activity was assessed in nilotinib-treated H9C2 cells with or without distinct pathway inhibitor or specific siRNA...
August 15, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810537/cilostazol-protects-mice-against-myocardium-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-by-activating-a-ppar%C3%AE-jak2-stat3-pathway
#2
Jiangjin Li, Xiaoli Xiang, Xiaoxuan Gong, Yafei Shi, Jing Yang, Zuo Xu
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MIR) injury causes severe arrhythmias and a high lethality. The present study is designed to investigate the effect of cilostazol on MIR injury and the underlying mechaism. We measured the effects of cilostazol on heart function parameters in a mouse model of MIR. Proinflammatory cytokines and apoptosis proteins in the myocardium were examined to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis ability of cilostazol. The participation of PPARγ/JAK2/STAT3 pathway was investigated...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804535/hongjingtian-injection-attenuates-myocardial-oxidative-damage-via-promoting-autophagy-and-inhibiting-apoptosis
#3
Shujing Zhang, Ling Zhang, Han Zhang, Guanwei Fan, Jiuwen Qiu, Zongbao Fang, Haibo Wu, Yi Wang, Xiaoping Zhao
Natural products with antioxidative activities are widely applied to prevent and treat various oxidative stress related diseases, including ischemic heart disease. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of those therapies are still needed to be illustrated. In this study, we characterized the cardioprotective effects of Hongjingtian Injection (HJT), an extensively used botanical drug for treating coronary heart disease. The H/R-induced profound elevation of oxidative stress was suppressed by HJT. HJT also attenuates oxidative injury by promoting cell viability, intracellular ATP contents, and mitochondrial oxygen consumption...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802718/curcumin-ameliorates-cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-mechanical-trauma
#4
Xintao Li, Tingting Cao, Shuo Ma, Zehao Jing, Yue Bi, Jicheng Zhou, Chong Chen, Deqin Yu, Liang Zhu, Shuzhuang Li
Curcumin, a phytochemical component derived from turmeric (Carcuma longa), has been extensively investigated because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. Inflammation and oxidative stress play critical roles in posttraumatic cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which contributes to secondary cardiac dysfunction. This research was designed to identify the protective effect of curcumin on posttraumatic cardiac dysfunction and investigate its underlying mechanism. Noble-Collip drum was used to prepare a mechanical trauma (MT) model of rats, and the hemodynamic responses of traumatised rats were observed by ventricular intubation 12h after trauma...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802666/humanin-directly-protects-cardiac-mitochondria-against-dysfunction-initiated-by-oxidative-stress-by-decreasing-complex-i-activity
#5
Savitree Thummasorn, Krekwit Shinlapawittayatorn, Juthamas Khamseekaew, Thidarat Jaiwongkam, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Humanin (HN) is an endogenous peptide that exerts cytoprotection against oxidative stress and apoptosis. We recently reported that Humanin analogue (HNG) pretreatment can reduce reactive oxygen species production in the heart subjected to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury via attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction. However, it is unclear if HNG has direct effects on mitochondrial function against oxidative stress. Thus, we sought to determine the effects of HNG on mitochondrial function under hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced oxidative stress in isolated cardiac mitochondria...
August 9, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801532/activation-of-nkx2-5-calr-p53-signaling-pathway-by-hyperglycemia-induces-cardiac-remodeling-and-dysfunction-in-adult-zebrafish
#6
Sun Yanyi, Wang Qiuyun, Fang Yuehua, Wu Chunfang, Lu Guoping, Chen Zhenyue
Hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for diabetic cardiomyopathy in humans; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been thoroughly elucidated. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) was used in this study as a novel vertebrate model to explore the signaling pathways of human adult cardiomyopathy. Hyperglycemia was induced by alternately immersing adult zebrafish in a glucose solution or water. The hyperglycemic fish gradually exhibited some hallmarks of cardiomyopathy such as myocardial hypertrophy and apoptosis, myofibril loss, fetal gene reactivation, and severe arrhythmia...
August 11, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801281/-effect-of-endomorphin-1-postconditioning-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-and-the-role-of-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#7
Ya Wang, Ming-Zhu Liu, Hong-Jun Li, Wei-Ping Zhang, Qin Gao, Zheng-Hong Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of postischemic treatment with endomorphin-1 (EM-1) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and on extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2)-dependent signaling pathway. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely the sham-operated group, IR group, EM-1 post-treatment group (EM50 group), EM-1 post-treatment group with PD98059 treatment (EM50+PD group), and PD98059 post-treatment group (PD group)...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800592/cx3cr1-knockout-aggravates-coxsackievirus-b3-induced-myocarditis
#8
Irene Müller, Kathleen Pappritz, Konstantinos Savvatis, Kerstin Puhl, Fengquan Dong, Muhammad El-Shafeey, Nazha Hamdani, Isabell Hamann, Michel Noutsias, Carmen Infante-Duarte, Wolfgang A Linke, Sophie Van Linthout, Carsten Tschöpe
Studies on inflammatory disorders elucidated the pivotal role of the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis with respect to the pathophysiology and diseases progression. Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis is associated with severe cardiac inflammation, which may progress to heart failure. We therefore investigated the influence of CX3CR1 ablation in the model of acute myocarditis, which was induced by inoculation with 5x105 plaque forming units of CVB3 (Nancy strain) in either CX3CR1-/- or C57BL6/j (WT) mice. Seven days after infection, myocardial inflammation, remodeling, and titin expression and phosphorylation were examined by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and Pro-Q diamond stain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797251/the-cardioprotective-and-antiarrhythmic-effects-of-nardostachys-chinensis-in-animal-and-cell-experiments
#9
Min Li, Xue Xu, Xinyu Yang, Joey S W Kwong, Hongcai Shang
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death throughout the world. An estimated 17.5 million people died from CVD in 2012, representing 31% of all global deaths. Nardostachys chinensis (NC), a typical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), plays a crucial role in the management of patients with CVD, especially for those with cardiac arrhythmia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardioprotective and antiarrhythmic effects of NC in animal and cell experiments...
August 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796250/p53-mediated-mir-18-repression-activates-hsf2-for-igf-iir-dependent-myocyte-hypertrophy-in-hypertension-induced-heart-failure
#10
Chih-Yang Huang, Pei-Ying Pai, Chia-Hua Kuo, Tsung-Jung Ho, Jing-Ying Lin, Ding-Yu Lin, Fu-Jen Tsai, V Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy and attenuated cardiac function are the major characteristics of early stage heart failure. Cardiomyocyte death in pathological cardiac conditions is the primary cause of heart failure and mortality. Our previous studies found that heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) protected cardiomyocytes from death by suppressing the IGF-IIR signaling pathway, which is critical for hypertensive angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the role of heat shock factor 2 (HSF2) in hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy is unknown...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783581/high-doses-of-s-methylcysteine-cause-hypoxia-induced-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-accompanied-by-engulfment-of-mitochondaria-by-nucleus
#11
Mohammed A El-Magd, Walied S Abdo, Mustafa El-Maddaway, Nasr M Nasr, Rasha A Gaber, Eman S El-Shetry, Ayman A Saleh, Faisal Abdulrahman Ali Alzahrani, Doaa H Abdelhady
Despite its important role as a medicinal plant, some studies reported a toxic effect for garlic (Allium sativum) when given in higher doses. Herein, we investigated the possible cardiotoxic effects of high doses of S-methylcysteine (SMC), a water soluble organosulfur compound present in garlic. Rats were orally administered SMC at a low dose (50mg), high dose (150mg) and very high dose (300mg)/kg body weight, or saline (control) for 10days. High and very high doses of SMC resulted in a significant increase in serum cardiac injury biomarkers [aspartate transaminase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT)], as well as oxidative stress marker nitric oxide (NO) concentration in heart and a significant decrease in cardiac superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity...
August 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782532/ghrelin-protects-the-heart-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-inhibition-of-tlr4-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway
#12
Qin Wang, Ping Lin, Peng Li, Li Fen, Qian Ren, Xiaofeng Xie, Jing Xu
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of ghrelin against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying mechanism. MAIN METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into Sham, I/R and I/R+ghrelin groups. After 30 minutes ischemia, ghrelin (8nmol/kg) was injected intraperitoneally at the time of reperfusion in the I/R+ghrelin group. Then hemodynamic parameters were observed at 24h after reperfusion. KEY FINDINGS: Ghrelin exhibited dramatic improvement in cardiac functions, as manifested by increased LVSP and ±dP/dtmax and decreased LVDP...
August 4, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781146/the-impact-of-foxo-1-to-cardiac-pathology-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetes-related-metabolic-abnormalities
#13
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
Diabetic heart pathology has a serious social impact due to high prevalence worldwide and significant mortality/invalidation of diabetic patients suffered from cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of diabetic and diabetes-related cardiomyopathy is associated with progressive loss and impairment of cardiac function due to adverse effects of metabolic, prooxidant, proinflammatory, and pro-apoptotic stress factors. In the adult heart, the transcriptional factor forkhead box-1 (FOXO-1) is involved in maintaining cardiomyocytes in the homeostatic state and induction of their adaptation to metabolic and pro-oxidant stress stimuli...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780351/down-regulation-of-lncrna-kcnq1ot1-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-following-acute-myocardial-infarction
#14
Xin Li, Yingnan Dai, Shujun Yan, Yanli Shi, Baihe Han, Jingxiu Li, Li Cha, Jianjun Mu
This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of long non-coding RNA KCNQ1OT1 against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury following acute myocardial infarction, as well as its regulatory mechanism. We used the cardiac muscle H9c2 cells under condition of oxygen glucose deprivation followed by reperfusion (OGD/R) to induce myocardial I/R injury. Then H9C2 cells were transfected with si-NC, si-KCNQ1OT1, pc-NC, pc-KCNQ1OT1, si-AdipoR1 and si-AdipoR2, respectively. The myocardial cell viability and apoptosis were respectively detected...
August 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777252/n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-nmdar-driven-calcium-influx-potentiates-the-adverse-effects-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-ex-vivo
#15
Zi-You Liu, Shou Hu, Qin-Wen Zhong, Cheng-Nan Tian, Hou-Mou Ma, Jun-Jian Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite the adverse effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activity in cardiomyocytes, no study has yet examined the effects of NMDAR activity under ex vivo ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) conditions. Therefore, our aim was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of NMDAR activity through an ex vivo myocardial I/R rat model. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were randomly segregated into six groups (n=20 in each group): (i) an untreated control group; (ii) a NMDA-treated control group; (iii) an untreated I/R group; (iv) an I/R+NMDA group treated with NMDA; (v) an I/R+NMDA+MK-801 group treated with NMDA and the NMDAR inhibitor MK-801; and (vi) an I/R+NMDA+[Ca]-free group treated with NMDA and [Ca]-free buffer...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776188/alterations-of-relaxin-and-its-receptor-system-components-in-experimental-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-rats
#16
Xiaohui Zhang, Liya Pan, Kelaier Yang, Yu Fu, Yue Liu, Wenjia Chen, Xiao Ma, Xinhua Yin
High glucose induces apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and fibrosis of cardiac fibroblasts, contributing to diabetic cardiomyopathy. In this work, we explore the production of relaxin alterations and the significance of their receptor system components in the hearts of experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy rats. We measured rat relaxin-1 (equivalent to human relaxin-2), relaxin-3, RXFP1 and RXFP3 mRNA expression in the hearts of experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy rats. Neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) and cardiac fibroblasts were treated with 5...
August 3, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772272/vascularized-cardiac-spheroids-as-novel-3d-in-vitro-models-to-study-cardiac-fibrosis
#17
Gemma A Figtree, Kristen J Bubb, Owen Tang, Eddy Kizana, Carmine Gentile
Spheroid cultures are among the most explored cellular biomaterials used in cardiovascular research, due to their improved integration of biochemical and physiological features of the heart in a defined architectural three-dimensional microenvironment when compared to monolayer cultures. To further explore the potential use of spheroid cultures for research, we engineered a novel in vitro model of the heart with vascularized cardiac spheroids (VCSs), by coculturing cardiac myocytes, endothelial cells, and fibroblasts isolated from dissociated rat neonatal hearts (aged 1-3 days) in hanging drop cultures...
August 4, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770018/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-attenuates-septic-myocardial-dysfunction-via-enos-no-pathway-in-rats
#18
Ni Zeng, Junmei Xu, Weifeng Yao, Suobei Li, Wei Ruan, Feng Xiao
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction increases mortality in sepsis, yet the underlying mechanism is unclear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been found to enhance cardiomyocyte function, but whether BDNF has a beneficial effect against septic myocardial dysfunction is unknown. Septic shock was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). BDNF was expressed in primary cardiomyocytes, and its expression was significantly reduced after sepsis. In rats with sepsis, a sharp decline in survival was observed after CLP, with significantly reduced cardiac BDNF expression, enhanced myocardial fibrosis, elevated oxidative stress, increased myocardial apoptosis, and decreased endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and NO...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768289/%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptor-stimulated-cardiac-myocyte-apoptosis-role-of-cytochrome-p450-%C3%AF-hydroxylase
#19
Shan Jiang, Dan Huo, Xueying Wang, Huan Zhao, Jiang Tan, Qinghua Zeng, Stephen T OʼRourke, Chengwen Sun
Prolonged or excessive β-adrenergic activation leads to cardiac myocyte loss and heart dysfunction; however, the underlying cellular mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, we first confirmed the effect of isoproterenol (ISO), a β-adrenergic receptor agonist, on cardiac toxicity using TUNEL and caspase activity assays in cultured rat cardiomyocytes. ISO treatment significantly increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Persistent ISO stimulation of cardiomyocytes also increased the expression of CYP4A3, a major CYP450 ω-hydroxylase that produces 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) in a time-dependent manner...
August 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767701/cardiac-directed-expression-of-a-catalytically-inactive-adenylyl-cyclase-6-protects-the-heart-from-sustained-%C3%AE-adrenergic-stimulation
#20
Mei Hua Gao, N Chin Lai, Dimosthenis Giamouridis, Young Chul Kim, Tracy Guo, H Kirk Hammond
OBJECTIVES: Increased expression of adenylyl cyclase type 6 (AC6) has beneficial effects on the heart through cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent and cAMP-independent pathways. We previously generated a catalytically inactive mutant of AC6 (AC6mut) that has an attenuated response to β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, and, consequently, exhibits reduced myocardial cAMP generation. In the current study we test the hypothesis that cardiac-directed expression of AC6mut would protect the heart from sustained β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, a condition frequently encountered in patients with heart failure...
2017: PloS One
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