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Resident education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470547/the-characteristics-of-residents-with-unawareness-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-community
#1
Pin-Nan Cheng, Yen-Cheng Chiu, Hung-Chih Chiu, Shih-Chieh Chien
BACKGROUND: Control of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is an increasingly important issue. Enhancing screening coverage is necessary to discover more HCV infected subjects in community. However, a substantial population is unaware of HCV infection that needs more attention. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the status of HCV infected residents in remote villages, to compare characteristics between already known and unaware HCV infection subjects, and to analyze the disease insights...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470459/prevalence-of-self-reported-hypertension-and-antihypertensive-medication-use-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-united-states-2011-2015
#2
Jing Fang, Cathleen Gillespie, Carma Ayala, Fleetwood Loustalot
Hypertension, which affects nearly one third of adults in the United States, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke (1), and only approximately half of those with hypertension have their hypertension under control (2). The prevalence of hypertension is highest among non-Hispanic blacks, whereas the prevalence of antihypertensive medication use is lowest among Hispanics (1). Geographic variations have also been identified: a recent report indicated that the Southern region of the United States had the highest prevalence of hypertension as well as the highest prevalence of medication use (3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470455/urban-rural-county-and-state-differences-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2015
#3
Janet B Croft, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Fang Xu, Hua Lu, Kevin A Matthews, Timothy J Cunningham, Yan Wang, James B Holt
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accounts for the majority of deaths from chronic lower respiratory diseases, the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2015 and the fourth leading cause in 2016.* Major risk factors include tobacco exposure, occupational and environmental exposures, respiratory infections, and genetics.† State variations in COPD outcomes (1) suggest that it might be more common in states with large rural areas. To assess urban-rural variations in COPD prevalence, hospitalizations, and mortality; obtain county-level estimates; and update state-level variations in COPD measures, CDC analyzed 2015 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Medicare hospital records, and death certificate data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469758/a-pilot-program-for-community-dermatologists-working-with-primary-care-residents-to-provide-dermatology-consults-to-a-regional-hospital
#4
Rachel Giesey, Doria Narively, Valerie Fuller, Eliot Mostow
With the high demand and limited supply of dermatologists, the majority dedicate their time primarily to outpatient practice. A number ofobstacles to inpatient dermatology consults have been described, as well as the essential benefits for some of the sickest patients. Dermatology residency programs partially relieve this need, however with the transition to a single Graduate Medical Education accreditation system and many previously American Osteopathic Association-accredited dermatologyprograms ceasing to train residents after 2020, it is prudent to recruit additional possible consultants...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469539/-survey-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-characteristics-and-its-risk-factors-among-healthy-blood-donation-population-in-shijiazhuang-city-hebei-province
#5
Wu Ya, Song Ren-Hao
OBJECTIVE: To understand the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and its risk factors among healthy blood donation population in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, so as to provide the evidence for developing effective prevention and control measures. METHODS: A total of 1 630 cases of blood donors in Shijiazhuang City were chosen as respondents, and all the respondents were qualified to the standard of blood donation. The antibodies to T. gondii were detected by using ELISA...
March 2, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469532/-a-comparison-of-knowledge-awareness-rates-and-influencing-factors-of-clonorchiasis-among-residents-in-4-counties-cities-of-hunan-province
#6
Wei Xuan-Dong, Wei Mo, Lv Yuan, Yi Shang-Hui, Liu Tao-Cheng, Luo Chun-Xiang, Zha Wen-Ting, Luo Qing-Hong
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of knowledge awareness rates and influencing factors of clonorchiasis among the residents in 4 counties (cities) of Hunan Province, so as to provide the references for formulating the prevention and control strategy of clonorchiasis in the province. METHODS: A total of 1 224 subjects were selected by the multi-stage cluster sampling method and investigated with questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The clonorchiasis knowledge awareness rates of the residents were 15...
May 5, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469367/-analysis-of-human-intestinal-nematode-infections-in-nanjing-city-from-2006-to-2015
#7
He Yi-Sha, Li Yan-Jing, Xie Chao-Yong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological situation of human intestinal nematode infections in Nanjing City from 2006 to 2015, so as to provide the reference for formulating prevention and control measures. METHODS: The surveillance data of human intestinal nematode infections in Nanjing City from 2006 to 2015 were collected and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, 98 804 person-times of residents were surveyed in Nanjing City, and 465 person-times of residents were detected with intestinal nematode infections...
July 28, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469353/-monitoring-results-of-soil-transmitted-nematodiasis-in-national-surveillance-site-of-huaiyang-county-in-henan-province-2006-2015
#8
Chen Wei-Qi, Zhang Ya-Lan, Li Su-Hua, Deng Yan, Xu Bian-Li, Zhang Hong-Wei
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemic situation of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in the national surveillance site in Henan Province. METHODS: Over 1 000 fecal samples from inhabitants in Huaiyang County of Henan Province, which was a national surveillance site, were collected each year from 2006 to 2015, the eggs of soil-transmitted nematodes and other intestinal helminths were examined by Kato-Kats technique. The cellophane swab method was used to detect Enterobius vermicularis eggs in children aged 3 to 12 years...
July 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469352/-survey-of-epidemic-status-of-paragonimiasis-in-western-mountainous-areas-in-hubei-province
#9
Dong Xiao-Rong, Zhang Hua-Xun, Cao Mu-Min, Wu Dong-Ni, Xia Jing
OBJECTIVE: To understand the current status of paragonimiasis epidemic in western mountain areas in Hubei Province. METHODS: Four counties (cities) of Western Hubei Province (Xingshan, Enshi, Yunxi, Baokang) were selected as the investigation sites for active surveillance. Crabs were captured and the metacercariae of Paragonimus were detected. Meanwhile, the blood samples were collected from the residents in the surveillance sites and the unique IgG and IgM antibodies against Paragonimus in the sera were detected by ELISA...
July 5, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469351/-survey-of-schistosomiasis-kap-and-influencing-factors-of-behaviors-among-residents-in-jiangsu-province
#10
Hang De-Rong, Huang Yi-Xin, Liu Yao-Bao, Zhang Xu, Xie Yi-Qing, Yin Wei-Gang, Tang Kai, Zhang Lian-Heng, Sun Dao-Kuan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the schistosomiasis control knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), and influencing factors of behaviors among residents in Jiangsu Province, so as to provide the evidence for making effective health education and health promotion models. METHODS: The probability proportionate to size sampling (PPS) and multi-stage sampling methods were adopted to sample the research objects. A questionnaire survey of schistosomiasis control KAP was conducted in the residents of 16 to 69 years old in schistosomiasis endemic areas of Jiangsu Province, and the results were statistically analyzed...
May 5, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468913/the-epa-based-utrecht-undergraduate-clinical-curriculum-development-and-implementation
#11
Olle Ten Cate, Lysanne Graafmans, Indra Posthumus, Lisanne Welink, Marijke van Dijk
AIM: As reports of the application of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) increase, not only for postgraduate but also for undergraduate medical education, there is a need for descriptions of what a UME curriculum with EPAs could look like. We provide such a description based on the experiences at University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands, which can be used as an example by other curriculum developers. METHODS: In a three-year process, the UMC Utrecht Curriculum Committee developed a clinical workplace curriculum with an EPA structure, taking into account examples, such as the US Core EPAs for Entering Residency, and recommendations to integrate and increase the length of clerkships...
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468658/dermatology-hospitalists-a-multicenter-survey-study-characterizing-the-infrastructure-of-consultative-dermatology-in-select-american-hospitals
#12
Lauren N Ko, Daniela Kroshinsky
BACKGROUND: Although considered an outpatient specialty, dermatology plays an important role in inpatient medicine. We characterized the activity and structure of dermatology consultation services in select U.S. hospitals. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, a 31-question survey was distributed in person to 32 board-certified dermatologists at the 2017 Society of Dermatology Hospitalists meeting. RESULTS: Thirty participants completed the survey (yield 93...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468517/foreign-born-blacks-experience-lower-odds-of-obesity-but-higher-odds-of-diabetes-than-us-born-blacks-in-new-york-city
#13
Margrethe F Horlyck-Romanovsky, Katarzyna Wyka, Sandra E Echeverria, May May Leung, Melissa Fuster, Terry T-K Huang
Research is limited on the health of foreign-born Blacks (FBBs), who are often grouped with African Americans. This study compared obesity and diabetes odds in FBBs and US-born Blacks (USBBs) in NYC. Analyzing the 2009-2013 NYC Community Health Survey (3701 FBBs and 6297 USBBs), weighted multivariate logistic regression examined odds of obesity and diabetes, adjusting for age, gender, education, income, marital status, children < 18, BMI (for diabetes only) and duration of residence. FBBs had lower odds of obesity [OR  0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467980/a-prospective-multicenter-evaluation-of-the-value-of-the-on-call-orthopedic-resident
#14
J Benjamin Jackson, Scott Vincent, James Davies, Kevin Phelps, Chris Cornett, Greg Grabowski, Brian Scannell, Alan Stotts, Miranda Bice
Background : Funding for graduate medical education is at risk despite the services provided by residents. Objective : We quantified the potential monetary value of services provided by on-call orthopedic surgery residents. Methods : We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study design. Over a 90-day period in 2014, we collected data on consults by on-call orthopedic surgery residents at 4 tertiary academic medical centers in the United States...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467978/feasibility-of-a-comprehensive-medical-knowledge-curriculum-in-internal-medicine-using-team-based-learning
#15
Gerald Schynoll, Elizabeth Irish, Joseph Wayne, Raymond Smith
Background : Team-based learning (TBL) is an active learning strategy with descriptions of its use in resident education limited to pilot studies. Objective : We developed a comprehensive medical knowledge TBL curriculum for an internal medicine residency, and assessed feasibility. Methods : We developed a 135-topic TBL curriculum to replace a noon conference lecture series, and implemented it over a 3-year period (2013-2016). In this article we describe the planning, curricular design, faculty recruitment and development, and lesson structure...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467977/mytipreport-and-training-for-independent-practice-a-tool-for-real-time-workplace-feedback-for-milestones-and-procedural-skills
#16
AnnaMarie Connolly, Alice Goepfert, Anita Blanchard, Elizabeth Buys, Nicole Donnellan, Cindy L Amundsen, Shelley L Galvin, Kimberly Kenton
Background : Few tools currently exist for effective, accessible delivery of real-time, workplace feedback in the clinical setting. Objective : We developed and implemented a real-time, web-based tool for performance-based feedback in the clinical environment. Methods : The tool (myTIPreport) was designed for performance-based feedback to learners on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Milestones and procedural skills...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467974/stroke-simulation-improves-acute-stroke-management-a-systems-based-practice-experience
#17
Tapan Mehta, Sara Strauss, Dawn Beland, Gilbert Fortunato, Ilene Staff, Nora Lee
Background : Literature on the effectiveness of simulation-based medical education programs for caring for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients is limited. Objective : To improve coordination and door-to-needle (DTN) time for AIS care, we implemented a stroke simulation training program for neurology residents and nursing staff in a comprehensive stroke center. Methods : Acute stroke simulation training was implemented for first-year neurology residents in July 2011...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467973/a-descriptive-analysis-of-the-use-of-twitter-by-emergency-medicine-residency-programs
#18
David Diller, Lalena M Yarris
Background : Twitter is increasingly recognized as an instructional tool by the emergency medicine (EM) community. In 2012, the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine (CORD) recommended that EM residency programs' Twitter accounts be managed solely by faculty. To date, little has been published regarding the patterns of Twitter use by EM residency programs. Objective : We analyzed current patterns in Twitter use among EM residency programs with accounts and assessed conformance with CORD recommendations...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467972/a-qualitative-analysis-of-attending-physicians-use-of-shared-decision-making-implications-for-resident-education
#19
Elizabeth M Schoenfeld, Sarah L Goff, Tala R Elia, Errel R Khordipour, Kye E Poronsky, Kelly A Nault, Peter K Lindenauer, Kathleen M Mazor
Background : Physicians need to rapidly and effectively facilitate patient-centered, shared decision-making (SDM) conversations, but little is known about how residents or attending physicians acquire this skill. Objective : We explored emergency medicine (EM) attending physicians' use of SDM in the context of their experience as former residents and current educators and assessed the implications of these findings on learning opportunities for residents. Methods : We used semistructured interviews with a purposeful sample of EM physicians...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467971/-jgme-aliem-hot-topics-in-medical-education-an-analysis-of-a-virtual-discussion-on-resident-well-being
#20
Arlene Chung, Nicole Battaglioli, Michelle Lin, Jonathan Sherbino
Background : Physician well-being is garnering increasing attention. In 2016, the Journal of Graduate Medical Education ( JGME ) published a review by Kristin Raj, MD, entitled "Well-Being in Residency: A Systematic Review." There is benefit in contextualizing the literature on resident well-being through an academic journal club. Objective : We summarized an asynchronous, online journal club discussion about this systematic review and highlighted themes that were identified in the review...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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