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Resident education

Ho Ting Wong, Teng-Kang Lin, Jen-Jia Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess rural-urban differences in the predictors of emergency ambulance service (EAS) demand and misuse in New Taipei City. Identifying the predictors of EAS demand will help the EAS service managing authority in formulating focused policies to maintain service quality. METHODS: Over 160,000 electronic EAS usage records were used with a negative binomial regression model to assess rural-urban differences in the predictors of EAS demand and misuse...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Brittany O Dulmage, Lisa Akintilo, Leah J Welty, Matthew M Davis, Maria Colavincenzo, Shuai Xu
IMPORTANCE: Residency applicants often use social media to discuss the positive and negative features of prospective training programs. An examination of the content discussed by applicants could provide guidance for how medical education faculty can better engage with prospective trainees and adapt to meet the educational expectations of a new generation of digital-native physicians. OBJECTIVE: To identify unstructured social media data submitted by residency applicants and categorize positive and negative statements to determine key themes DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of a retrospective cohort SETTING: Publically available data sets PARTICIPANTS: Anonymized medical trainees applying to residency training positions in nine specialties: dermatology, general surgery, internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, plastic surgery, otolaryngology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, pediatrics, and radiology from 2007 to 2017...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
C Lucas, T Power, C Hayes, C Ferguson
This paper describes a novel model to providing interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within a simulated healthcare environment, in the higher education setting. The RIPE Model (Reflective Interprofessional Education Model) was developed for the purpose of enhancing IPE and IPC, clinical judgement, and decision-making between health professional students (pharmacy and nursing students) at the patient's simulated hospital bedside. A foundation 'unfolding' case utilizing the RIPE model was piloted with first year Master of pharmacy students and postgraduate nursing students at an Australian university and included a pharmacy practitioner acting as a resident medical officer (RMO) for the purpose of the teaching module...
June 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Juncheng Lyu, Yingying Wang, Hong Shi, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemiological survey. A sample of 659 serious suicide attempters was randomly recruited from 13 rural counties in China. Each case was matched by a community control for gender, age, and residence location. Face to face interviews were conducted for all the cases and controls with the same structured questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ridgely Fisk Green, Mary Ari, Katherine Kolor, W David Dotson, Scott Bowen, Nancy Habarta, Juan L Rodriguez, Lisa C Richardson, Muin J Khoury
Public health plays an important role in ensuring access to interventions that can prevent disease, including the implementation of evidence-based genomic recommendations. We used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Science Impact Framework to trace the impact of public health activities and partnerships on the implementation of the 2009 Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention (EGAPP) Lynch Syndrome screening recommendation and the 2005 and 2013 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing recommendations...
June 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Ben D Ma, Sai Leung Ng, Tim Schwanen, John Zacharias, Mudi Zhou, Ichiro Kawachi, Guibo Sun
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has long been considered as an important component of a healthy lifestyle. Although many efforts have been made to promote physical activity, there is no effective global intervention for physical activity promotion. Some researchers have suggested that Pokémon GO, a location-based augmented reality game, was associated with a short-term increase in players' physical activity on a global scale, but the details are far from clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to study the relationship between Pokémon GO use and players' physical activity and how the relationship varies across players with different physical activity levels...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ida Giurin, Jean Bréaud, Virginie Rampal, Olivier Rosello, Federico Solla
BACKGROUND: Wounds of the finger nail bed represent a frequent injury, especially in children. Residents often learn nail bed repair on patients without prior training. We aimed to develop and evaluate a "low-fidelity" simulation model of nail bed repair. METHODS: The model consists of a false nail on a plastic finger and a hydrocolloid dressing, which is pasted on the nail bed site and cut horizontally. This model allows nail bed suture and nail fixation...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Peter F Johnston, Anthony Scholer, Joanelle A Bailey, Gregory L Peck, Shahid Aziz, Ziad C Sifri
BACKGROUND: Surgical residents increasingly seek global surgery (GS) experiences during training. Understanding their motives and goals is important to develop the optimal educational programs. A survey for surgical residents was developed to explore this interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey administered in 2016 to residents in three surgical programs within the same academic institution assessed interest, prior global health experience, preferred training opportunities, and career goals in GS...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Jialiang Zhao, Xiao Xu, Leon B Ellwein, Huaijin Guan, Mingguang He, Ping Liu, Jianhua Lv, Xunlun Sheng, Peizeng Yang, Jinglin Yi, Ning Cai, Mei Yang, Guangming Jin, Fei Leng, Fengrong Li, Yanping Li, Hong Lu, Wenqiang Shao, Shengfang Song, Yuansheng Yuan, Wenjuan Zhuang, Lei An
PURPOSE: Estimate surgical coverage of cataract-related vision impairment and blindness and visual acuity outcomes in operated eyes in rural China in 2014 with comparisons with the 2006 Nine-Province Survey. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Geographical cluster sampling was used in randomly selecting residents from a rural county or semi-rural district within 9 provinces: Beijing, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Hebei, Ningxia, Chongqing and Yunnan...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Milagros J Toro, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Arvind Babu Rajendra-Santosh, Michael Brache, James R Collins C
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of gingival inflammation in a group of adults from Kingston, Jamaica; Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; and San Juan, Puerto Rico. METHODS: In this representative cross-sectional study, participants completed medical and oral health questionnaires and received an oral clinical examination by trained and calibrated examiners. Clinical assessments included: gingival health (modified Löe-Silness index), visible plaque and presence of calculus...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
William E Gordon, Andrew J Gienapp, Morgan Jones, L Madison Michael, Paul Klimo
The process of transforming a medical student to a competent neurosurgeon is becoming increasingly scrutinized and formalized. However, there are few data on resident workload.We sought to quantify the workload and educational experience of a junior resident while "on-call."A single resident's on-call log was reviewed from the period of July 1, 2014 to June 30, 2016, corresponding to that resident's postgraduate years 2 and 3. For each patient encounter (ie, consult or admission), information pertaining to the patient's demographics, disease or reason for consult, date/time/location of consult, and need for any neurosurgical intervention within the first 24 hours was collected...
June 14, 2018: Neurosurgery
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Rockli Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Brent A Coull, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Most epidemiological studies have not simultaneously quantified variance in health within and between populations. We aimed to estimate the extent to which basic socioeconomic factors contribute to variation in body-mass index (BMI) across different populations. METHODS: We pooled data from the cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-16) for 15-49 year old women with complete data for anthropometric measures in 58 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
Yuqing Yao, Xing Xing, Bing Lü, Jie Min
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between dietary protein intake and body mass index( BMI) and waist circumference under the distribution of different quantile. METHODS: The data of adult residents of 12 provinces from Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey in 2011 were used to analyze the relationship between protein intake and BMI and waist circumference by quantile regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 11800 subjects in total, 5623( 47...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Haijun Guo, Caicui Ding, Fan Yuan, Yan Zhang, Zheng Chen, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the leisure time sedentary behavior and related sociodemographic factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: The data were collected by the physical activity questionnaire of 2012 Chinese Nutrition and Health Survey, a total of142 369 subjects aged 18 years and over( male 62 563, female 79 806) were investigated about their sedentary behavior in leisure time. RESULTS: The average hour of total sedentary activities was 2. 66 h/d...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Kuanggen Xu, Huilan Xu, Fulai Zhang, Xiaojun Zhou, Shaohui Gan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of community residents' satisfaction on food safety in Jiangxi Province. METHODS: Using stratified random sampling method, a total of 1216 residents of Jiangxi Province were selected. Questionnaire on food safety for residents was adopted. The investigation was conducted by means of door-to-door inquiry in July 2016. The main statistical method for satisfaction Likert score and rank test. RESULTS: The total satisfaction degree on food safety of 1216 residents in Jiangxi Province was 3...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Yun Wang, Xiaofang Jia, Wenwen Du, Feifei Huang, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Chang Su, Jiguo Zhang, Li Li, Yifei Ouyang, Zhihong Wang, Bing Zhang, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the current status of liquid beverage consumption of adult residents in 15 provinces and cities in China, and discuss relevant factors that may affect the consumption of liquid beverage of adult residents, and provide data support to guide the rational consumption of liquid beverage. METHODS: Using data from China Nutritional Transition Cohort Survey in 2015 on the subjects aged 18 to 59 years old in 15 provinces and cities in China with complete 24-hour-dietary for 3 days and food consumption frequency method, chi-square was used to analyze liquid beverage consumption rate, nonparametric test was used to analyze beverage consumption intake levels of different gender, age, education degree, urban and rural areas, income, region...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Yifei Ouyang, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Feifei Huang, Xiaofang Jia, Yun Wang, Li Li, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine nuts and nuts products consumption in a sample of Chinese adults aged 18-59 years old. METHODS: Samples were chosen from 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study. A total of 10 401 participants aged 18-59 years were included in the final analysis. Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to collect dietary consumption data. Average daily nuts, pre-packaged nuts products, and total nuts consumption were calculated. Non-parametric test was used to compare the differences...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Xiaona Chen, Li Zhao, Yanhui Gao, Ying Zhang, Jiahong Yu, Lixia Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of latent profile model in classification of health knowledge awareness in Guangzhou residents, and identify the characteristics of the heterogeneous population from multi dimensions. METHODS: By stratified cluster sampling, health knowledge and health behavior among 1179 residents in Guangzhou City were investigated. Latent profile model was used to population classification based on health knowledge scores, and compared with traditional clustering method, the demographic and health behaviors with different levels of health knowledge were analyzed...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Zhe Mo, Guangming Mao, Wenming Zhu, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoming Lou, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of thyroid nodules and explore the risk factors for thyroid nodules among the community residents in Zhejiang Province. METHODS: The residents of twenty-two communities in Zhejiang Province were selectedwith stratified cluster sampling. The cross-sectional survey includes questionnaire, examination on thyroid. The prevalence and related factors of thyroid nodules was described, and the possible risk factors for thyroid nodules was analyzed with logistic regression...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
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