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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913069/otolaryngology-sleep-medicine-curriculum-objectives-as-determined-by-sleep-experts
#1
Nathan Cass, Alan Kominsky, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
PURPOSE: (1) Ascertain the most important concepts and topics for otolaryngology resident education in sleep medicine and surgery, as determined by faculty who teach sleep medicine to otolaryngology residents. (2) Create learning objectives within the area of otolaryngologic sleep medicine in order to design a sleep medicine curriculum for otolaryngology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two web-based surveys were sent to 163 academic otolaryngologists who teach sleep medicine...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#2
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910180/internal-migration-and-maternal-health-service-utilisation-in-jiangsu-china
#3
Hai Gu, Hua You, Weiqing Ning, Hua Zhou, Jianming Wang, Ying Lu, Jun Sun, Yun Kou, Hengjin Dong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of maternal health care services by internal migrants in view of their migration status. METHODS: Cross-sectional household survey in two cities of Jiangsu Province. Questions elicited data on socioeconomic information and MHC service use (pre-natal examination, post-natal visit, pre-natal health education). Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with MHC service use...
November 5, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909606/knowledge-levels-and-attitudes-of-people-living-in-the-city-centre-of-nev%C3%A5-ehir-on-organ-donation-and-transplantation
#4
Mehmet Akif Yazar, Mehmet Barış Açıkgöz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the knowledge levels and attitudes of people living in Nevşehir on organ donation (OD) and transplantation. METHODS: Data were collected using a questionnaire administered to 414 people residing in Nevşehir between February and May 2016. The primary and secondary endpoints of the present study were to determine the attitudes and knowledge levels of participants on OD and transplantation, respectively...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#5
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908638/using-the-acmge-milestones-as-a-handover-tool-from-medical-school-to-surgery-residency
#6
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#7
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907982/learners-perspective-where-and-when-pre-residency-trainees-learn-more-to-achieve-their-core-clinical-competencies
#8
Eusang Ahn, Ducksun Ahn, Young-Mee Lee
PURPOSE: While it is known that effective clinical education requires active involvement of its participants, regular feedback, communication skills and interprofessional training, limited studies have been conducted in Korea that demonstrate how pre-residency trainees acquire their core clinical skills. This is a cross-sectional study of interns and students across a third-tier university hospital in Korea to examine where and when they acquire core clinical skills. METHODS: A total of 74 students and 91 interns were asked to participate in a closed-ended questionnaire, and 50 participants (20 students and 30 interns) were involved in semistructured individual interviews...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906761/surgical-education-and-health-care-reform-defining-the-role-and-value-of-trainees-in-an-evolving-medical-landscape
#9
Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Reena Aggarwal, Rebeccah B Baucom, Cristina R Ferrone, David Massaro, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Health care reform and surgical education are often separated functionally. However, especially in surgery, where resident trainees often spend twice as much time in residency and fellowship than in undergraduate medical education, one must consider their contributions to health care. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In this short commentary, we briefly review the status of health care in the United States as well as some of the recent and current changes in graduate medical education that pertain to surgical trainees...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#10
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905963/accuracy-of-self-reported-height-weight-and-waist-circumference-in-a-general-adult-chinese-population
#11
Shurong Lu, Jian Su, Quanyong Xiang, Jinyi Zhou, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) are widely used to estimate the prevalence of obesity, which has been increasing rapidly in China, but there is limited evidence for the accuracy of self-reported data and the determinants of self-report bias among the general adult Chinese population. METHODS: Using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, 8399 residents aged 18 or above were interviewed in the Jiangsu Province of China. Information on self-reported height, weight, and WC, together with information on demographic factors and lifestyle behaviors, were collected through structured face-to-face interviews...
August 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#12
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905896/the-impact-of-medical-tourism-on-colorectal-screening-among-korean-americans-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Linda K Ko, Victoria M Taylor, Jihye Yoon, Wade K Copeland, Joo Ha Hwang, Eun Jeong Lee, John Inadomi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean Americans (KAs) in part due to low screening rates. Recent studies suggest that some KA patients engage in medical tourism and receive medical care in their home country. The impact of medical tourism on CRC screening is unknown. The purpose of this paper was to 1) investigate the frequency of medical tourism, 2) examine the association between medical tourism and CRC screening, and 3) characterize KA patients who engage in medical tourism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905680/the-burden-of-childhood-cancer-in-mexico-implications-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
REVIEW
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Marta Zapata-Tarres, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Nicole Finkelstein-Mizrahi, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardós, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer incidence and mortality have increased in the last decade. Through government actions since 2005, the Popular Medical Insurance (PMI) program for childhood cancer was created. The objective of PMI was to offer early cancer diagnosis, standardized treatment regimens, and numerous pediatric oncology residency programs. It has also accredited 55 national hospitals for the care of these children. Current problems still present under the PMI include shortage of pediatric oncologists and nurses and high rate of abandonment of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904260/sonographic-identification-of-peripheral-nerves-in-the-forearm
#15
Saundra A Jackson, Charlotte Derr, Anthony De Lucia, Marvin Harris, Zuheily Closser, Branko Miladinovic, Rahul Mhaskar, Theresa Jorgensen, Lori Green
BACKGROUND: With the growing utilization of ultrasonography in emergency medicine combined with the concern over adequate pain management in the emergency department (ED), ultrasound guidance for peripheral nerve blockade in ED is an area of increasing interest. The medical literature has multiple reports supporting the use of ultrasound guidance in peripheral nerve blocks. However, to perform a peripheral nerve block, one must first be able to reliably identify the specific nerve before the procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903769/education-for-the-next-frontier-in-patient-safety-a-longitudinal-resident-curriculum-on-diagnostic-error
#16
Emily Ruedinger, Maren Olson, Justin Yee, Emily Borman-Shoap, Andrew P J Olson
Diagnostic error is a common, serious problem that has received increased attention recently for its impact on both patients and providers. Presently, most graduate medical education programs do not formally address this topic. The authors developed and evaluated a longitudinal, multimodule resident curriculum about diagnostic error and medical decision making. Key components of the curriculum include demystifying the medical decision-making process, building skills in critical thinking, and providing strategies for diagnostic error mitigation...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903355/-factors-associated-with-commercial-sexual-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-china-in-2011-2015
#17
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the status and factors associated with commercial sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shenzhen. Methods: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit MSM in Shenzhen from 2011 to 2015. Questionnaire-based interviews were conducted on a one-on-one basis. Data were collected, including socio-demographic information, HIV testing history, history of blood donation and drug abuse in the last 2 years, self-reported sexual orientation, role in homosexual behavior, and experience serving as a male sex worker and/or as a client of male sex workers...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903354/-the-characteristics-of-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-and-predictors-of-their-migration-2008-2015
#18
Q Q Qin, W Guo, L Y Wang, Z W Ding, C Cai, Y Cui, J P Sun
Objective: To characterize the migration patterns of men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV/AIDS in the period 2008-2015 and to characterize the determinants of their migration. Methods: All identified HIV/AIDS cases transmitted through self-reported homosexual contact reported to the National Case Reporting System(CRS) by the end of December 31, 2015 were included in this study. Data of basic demographic characteristics, household registration and address of the research objects were collected. Retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the migration characteristics of HIV/AIDS cases between 2008 and 2015...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903252/shifting-tides-in-the-emigration-patterns-of-canadian-physicians-to-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#19
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902609/influence-of-oral-health-behavior-and-sociodemographic-factors-on-remaining-teeth-in-korean-adults-2010-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
In-Seok Song, Kyungdo Han, Yeon-Jo Choi, Jae-Jun Ryu, Jun-Beom Park
In this study, the number and location of remaining teeth were analyzed according to sociodemographic variables, anthropometric measurements, and oral health behavior patterns. The hypothesis was that the number and location of remaining teeth would be affected by oral health behavior and by sociodemographic factors, such as education levels, household income, and urban/rural residency.This nationwide cross-sectional study was performed with a total of 36,026 representative Korean adults aged 19 and older. The data were taken from the 2012-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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